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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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present themselves well calculated to awaken
njt only admiration but delight. The total
absence of mendicity, and of all those wretch-
ed objects who in so many cities studiously
display their sufferings and deformities, can-
not fail to strike a new arriver. The lower
classes are evidently well fed, and well clothed,
though their diet would not perhaps stimulate
the appetite of a London beggar, nor their
costume excite the envy of even the humblest
among our mechanics. A sheep-skin caftan,
the model apparently of those monstrosities,
known among us by the euphonious appellation
of Taglionis, forms the chief clothing of every
Russian of the lower, and, in general, also of
the middle classes, though, among the latter,
it must be owned, the swallow-tail has of late
been making fearful inroads. Black bread
and cabbage are the customary fare of the
labouring man; but, coarse as they may seem,
custom has endeared them to him, and he
would not relish the most refined luxuries, if
black bread and cabbage did not form the basis
of his meal. What is of most importance, his
wages are sufficient to ensure an abundant
supply of the two staple articles of his diet,
and when old and infirm, he returns to his
village, and depends for support upon his
feudal lord. It is to the state of serfage ac-
cordingly, in which the rural population is


still held, that Petersburgh owes the absence
of importunate beggars, or of those painful
objects of compassion, who, with us, parade
their sufferings as a silent but more powerful
appeal than any that the sturdy mendicant has
to advance. Slavery enervates the mind both
of the slave and his master, but it begets a
connection that never exists between the free
labourer and his employer. The serf, though
he forfeits the power of independent action,
retains at least the right of looking to his
lord for a maintenance; he must submit un-
murmuring to oppression ; but he knows at
least that he cannot in his old age be left to
starve. The striking contrast between luxury
and misery is less painfully observed in the
Russian than in any other European capital.

The houses in Petersburgh are rarely more
than one or two stories high, except in the
most thickly peopled quarters, where the
rising value of the ground has of late years
led to the construction of a few houses of four
or five stories. They are of rare occurrence,
however, and are still looked upon as archi-
tectural monsters by the native Russians, who
for the most part detest the idea of having to
mount staircases within their own homes.
The houses of Petersburgh, however, make
up for want of height, by the immense space
of ground which they often cover, and by the
number of human beings which they often
contain. The Winter Palace is supposed to
afford shelter to no less than 6000 regular
inmates. In the Military Hospital, 4000 beds
are made up for patients alone. The Found-
ling Hospital contains 7000 children, and the
corps of Cadets includes at all times several
thousand pupils within its walls. There are
private houses in Petersburgh that bring in
revenues of fifty and a hundred thousand
rubles, or from two to five thousand pounds
sterling, to their owners. Kohl mentions one
house, in which there was an extensive ba-
zaar on one side of the ground-floor, while on
the other side, a whole colony of English,
French, and German traders and mechanics
had established themselves. On the first floor
dwelt a couple of senators, yet several other
families of wealth and consideration occupied
spacious suits of apartments there. On the
second floor was a school of great celebrity,
and most of the professors and teachers had
established themselves there with their fami-
lies. In the back buildings of the same house,
independently of many obscure individuals,
there was a complete mob of majors, colo-
nels, and retired generals, besides an Arme-
nian priest, and a German pastor.

" AH Petersburgh might have been swal-
lowed up in its own marshes; yet if this one
house had been left, there would have remain-
ed a little political community, in which every
rank would have been represented. When
such a house burns down, 200 families at
once are left without a home. To hunt out
an acquaintance in such a building is a real
trial for a man's patience. Ask a butshnik,
(the policeman stationed in the street,) and
he will tell you that he is tolerably well ac-
quainted with the one side of the house, but
knows nothing about the side which you are
desirous of exploring. Ask the inmates of the


house, and you are by no means certain of
the information you desire, for those residing
under the same roof are not in the habit of
looking upon one another as neighbours. There
would scarcely be any thing hyperbolical in
saying, that almost every house in Peters-
burgh is a little town. To see them from the
street, you would hardly be prepared for their
extent, but once enter the podyasde or gate-
way, and you will be astonished to find your-
self in a courtyard, perhaps where a regiment
of cavalry might perform its evolutions, while
the endless succession of back buildings, pass-
ages, and side buildings, form a most aston-
ishing labyrinth."


Neither the wisdom nor the eloquence of
man is the power of God ; and, while I be-
lieve that the highest soaring of human
imagination, combined with the most power-
ful oratory, devoted to sacred things in the
mere will of man, cannot give s^inrit, nor
work any t/jit-arf/ change beyond the entrance
of the " itching ear;" I also believe that the
gospel is often truly and effectually preached
in the few and savory words of the contrite
minister, who is almost afraid to open his lips
in the name of the Lord. — Hancock.

There are those, who if not admitted to
the communion table, the Supper of the
Lamb, it will not be because they were not
bidden, but because they were in the same
slate as those formerly bidden, not ready;
being full of, or employed too much about
things lawful in themselves, but pursvcd to
the hindering their acceptance. — Savery.

Marriage. — " Happiness, to be enduring,
must proceed from a mutual attachment ; and,
as in a mercantile concern, its prosperity can-
not be permanent when one partner is con-
stantly drawing upon the resources of the
other, without supplying his fair proportion of
the capital, and promoting the interests of the
firm ; so in the matrimonial venture, the house
must stop payment if divided against itself."

Reading. — Coleridge, in a lecture deliver-
ed upwards of twenty years ago, divided read-
ers into four classes : comparing the first to
an hour-glass; their reading, like the sand,
runs in and out, leaving not a trace behind.
A second class resembling a sponge, which
imbibes every thing, and returns it in nearly
the same state, only a little soiled. The third,
to a jelly-bag, or filter — which allows all that
is pure to pass away, and retains only the re-
fuse and the dregs. The fourth, of which he
trusted there were many, to the slaves in the
diamond mines of Golconda, who, casting
aside all that is worthless, preserve only the
pure gem.

Short sermons and brief readings, suit
diminutive memories.

That which is easily remembered, is long-
est present.



In llie year 1212 it was prophesied by an
ingenious seer that the Mediterranean sea
would be dried up, and that believers could go
to Jerusalem on foot. Italy, it is said, became
crowded with German pilgrims, but the sea
obstinately refused to depart.

In 1524 great terror pervaded all Europe,
from the prediction of John Stofferous, a
mathematician and astrologer of Suabia, that
a great deluge was approaching. Many of
reputation, as wise men, coincided with him,
and books on books were sent forth warning
the people to prepare, and suggesting means
of escape from the inundation. In Fiance,
the terror was so great that many were near
madness, and some built up arches to save
themselves. President Auriol, of Thoulouse,
built up four high pillars, with a boat at the
top ; which, however, was not needed, as no
deluge came. This prophet, however, nothing
daunted, though the stars were against hin),
continued to prophesy, and predicted the end
of the world in 1.586, which we may conclude
did not take place.

A Lutheran minister, by the name of Mi-
chael Stifelius, in an arithmetical sermon, pre-
dicted the end of the world in 1533. He was
preaching on the very day appointed, and his
hearers were in great terror, confiding in his
correctness, when a fierce storm arose, with
terrific thunder and lightning, which with
their fears, created inexpressible trouble. But
soon the storm ceased, the winds were hush-
ed, and the sky became serene. The people,
made furious by the deceit practiced on Ihem,
dragged the prophet from his desk, and beat
him so severely as nearly to have realized
his prophecy, as far as himself was con-

Lord Napier, the inventor of logarithms,
was among those who prophesied of the end
of the world at a certain time ; but he, like
many other enthusiasts, outlived his predic-

In the year 1716, two men appeared in
Cologne who said that they came from Damas-
cus. The Jesuits of that town went to them,
and talked with them in Latin, Greek, He-
brew, and Chaldaic. They said the}' were
come, by order of heaven, to turn men to re-
pentance. They gave out that they were
seven hundred years old I Among the rest of
their prophecies, they predicted that Constan-
tinople would be destroyed in 1766 ; the true
God acknowledged by all nations, 1767 ; a
valiant man give his testimony to it, 1768 ;
England to be overflowed, 1769; an earlh-
r|uake all over the world, 1770 ; the fall of
the sun, moon, and stars, 1771 ; the globe of
the earth burnt, 1772 ; the universal judg-
ment, 1773.

All these fanatics had their favourites for a
season ; and so long as superstition, ignorance,
and the love of novelty reigns in the breasts
of men, false prophets will arise, and many
follow them. And we are taught the constant
necessity of disseminating true knowledge,
and advancing that Light which shall scatter
all the darkness of superstition and spiritual
ignorance from the human mind. — Northern


From Ihe New York Evening Post.

Wlien first the Dove, afur and wide,

Skimmed the dark waters o'er,
To seek, beyond the heaving tide,

A green and peaceful shore.
No leafy bough, nor life-like thing,

Rose 'mid the swelling main —
The lone bird sought, with faltering wing,

The hallowed Ark again.

And ever thus Man's heart hath traced

A lone and weary round ;
But never yet, 'mid Earth's dark waste,

A resting place has found.
The peace for which his spirit yearns

Is ever soughl in vain,
'Till like the Dove it homeward turns.

And finds its God again.

The Michigan University has a Cabinet of
Natural History, containing 38,000 speci-
mens. Zoological, Geological, &c.



We insert with pleasure the essay on the edu-
cation of the children of Friends, (p. 192,) fur-
nished by a deeply interested and experienced
member of a neighbouring Yearly Meeting.
We cordially unite in the sentiments it con-
veys, believing there is much ground to fear
that the principles of our young people are in
great danger from the general and indiscrimi-
nate reading of authors not one in faith with
Friends. The hint to parents, that personal
care should be used to read suitable works to
their children, after they are procured, is very
appropriate, and in many parts of the Society
needs to be practised. We should rejoice to
see an establishment in this city for the sale
of suitable books for the use of the Society,
where all the smaller works of Friends could
be obtained at low prices, and put up in attrac-
tive form. Had we such an institution, under
the care of judicious Friends, many valuable
treatises, doctrinal, historical, and biographi-
cal, could be furnished from the literature of
our own members, and which would supercede
some not of a stamp calculated to make
Quakers of our children.


A new and very neat edition of Jonathan
DymoncVs "■Essays on the Principles of Mo-
rality" will be ready for sale in the course of
a few weeks, at the office of " The Friend,"
at a low price.

It will be printed on superfine paper, of a
royal octavo size, and it is hoped that the
cheapness of this edition will insure for this
work an extensive diflfusion.

The importance of having sound views of
our moral, social, and political rights and ob-
ligations, cannot be too highly estimated.
The ability with which the author of these
essays exposes the laxity of many popular
notions and practices, and the sophistry by
which these are upheld, inspires the hope,
that, by being placed in the hands of the com-

munity generally, this work may prove, under
the Divine blessing, of great and lasting uti-

The price will be duly announced ; but it is
not expected to exceed 87A cents for a single
copy, with a liberal abatement to those who
take a dozen copies or more. Orders for the
work, addressed, post paid, to George W.
Taylor, No. 50 North Fourth street, will re-
ceive prompt attention.


Old Humphrey's Thoughts for the Thought-
ful, just published by Robert Carter, 58 Canal
street, Nesv York, is now received, and for
sale at the office of " The Friend."

Tract Association of Friends.

An annual meeting of the Tract Associa-
tion of Friends, will be held on the evening of
Fourth-day, the 15th instant, at half past 7
o'clock, in the Committee-room of Mulberry
street Meeting-house.

John Carter, Clerk.

Third mo. 8, 1843.


For Gikls.

Martha S. Newbold, continues her Board-
ing School for Girls, near the Bristol turnpike,
four miles from Philadelphia, and one from

The course of instruction comprises all the
ordinary branches of an English education.

Terms : — Thirty-five dollars per quarter,
including washing.

Application may be made at the School, or
in Philadelphia, to Josiah H. Newbold, No.
157 North Third street, and No. 145 Frank-
lin street, or to James S. Newbold, No. 115
South Fourth street.


A Friend to act as Steward at Haverford
School. For further information, apply to
Thomas P. Cope, No. 272 Spruce street ;
Charles Yarnall, No. 39 Market street ; G.
Stewardson, No. 90 Arch street.

A Teacher of Reading, and one of Mathe-
matics, are wanted at VVesttown Boarding
School. Application may be made to Samuel
Bettle, or Thomas Evans, in Philadelphia ;
Samuel Hilles, Wilmington ; or Enoch Lewis,
New Garden.

An Apprentice wanted at the Plastering
business. Apply at the office of " The
Friend," No. 50 North Fourth street.

Died, at his residence in this city, on the 12lh of the
Second month, of pulmonary consumption, Lovd Baily,
in the 26lh year of his age. By aUenlion to the re-
proofs of instruction in early life, this beloved youth
n^as enabled to walk in " wisdom's ways;" and in his
sickness and death, aUbrded the consoling belief, that
through redeeming mercy, he has been gathered to a
mansion of everlasting rest and peace.

, on the morning of 4tli instant, at his residence

in Upper Darby, near this city, Samuel Rhoads, a
minister and member of Darby Monthly Meeting, in
the 72d year of his age.




Above all things live in the fear of God, and
in love and tenderness one towards another,
honouring those who hold fast their integrity
to the truth and its precious testimonies in old
age. Let not the enemy that lies in wait to
destroy, break the band of your peace, by
setting up men to rule in the church who have
never known the death of self, or having once
known it, have fallen away from it. While
ye keep the peace of God unbroken, and
Christ alone is Master among you, ye can
communicate one to another of the gifts and
graces of God. Your concern will be to
honour him, and not man for his wealth, or
his gifts; and where the unity of his Holy Spi-
rit, not the unity of a party is known and felt,
ye will daily feel a being the better one for
another, which will beget a dearness and
esteem in you towards one another. In that
dearness and tenderness none will be despised,
or treated with slight and contempt, when
they are constrained to speak in your meet-
ings for the concerns of the church, or their
voice disregarded as if they were not mem-
bers of the same body. But when ye meet
together about the Lord's work, seeking with
one consent to exalt the name of the Lord,
and to honour it above yourselves, and your
own merits, ye will patiently listen to, and
duly value the sentiments one of another, ac-
cording to their justness and the savour of
Truth attending them, and not because of their
riches or their poverty, or of the low or
high standing of one another among men.
Let none seek exaltation, nor cherish tiie wish
to biar sway in the household of God ; but
know this, the humblest and most self-deny-
iog,jiot those who have the highest opinions
of tlifitt^lves, are most highly honoured of
Ga^'atui fittest to do his service. And they
wh^P^Mh^iost long suffering and patient, are
most like to Christ the Head. Such will not
condem the guiltless, like those of old, who
said, " we have a law, and by our law he
ought to die ;" but his virtue and his forgiving
spii it v/\]\ shine in them and so make itself


They that enjoy the life and substance, and feed
daily upon the bread that comes down from
heaven, have a quick sense, and discerning of
things presented to them, and know them that
are of the earthly, by their earthly savour,
from those that are heavenly with their hea-
venly savour. They know what feeds the
head, and the wit, and carnal reason, and what
will nourish the immortal soul, and so come to
be fixed, and are not ready to feed upon un-
savory food, nor to be easily tossed nor
troubled at evil tidings. They cannot be
drawn after one thing or man by affection,
nor set against another by prejudice. The
true balance of a sound judgment, settled in
the Divine knowledge, according to the meas-
ure that the Father hath bestowed, keeps
such steady in their way, both in their own
testimony and conversation, and also in their
dealing with others. In such doth the Truth
shine, and such are the true followers of
Christ, and they are worthy to be followed,

because their way is as a shining light, shining
on towards the perfect day. In this sure and
steady way, my soul's desire is, that you and
I may walk, and continue walking, unto the
end of our days, in all sobriety, truth, justice,
righteousness and charity, as good examples
in our day, and comfortable precedents in our
end, to them that shall remain ; that so we
may deliver over all the testimonies of our
Lord Jesus unto the succeeding generations,
as pure, as certain, and as innocent as we re-
ceived them in the beginning ; and in the end
of all our labours, travels, trials, and exer-
cises, may lay down our heads in that sabbath
of rest that remains always for the Lord's


You are witnesses unto this day in how
great simplicity and plainness of speech, we
have preached the word of God among you,
from the day the Lord sent us forth to this
day. We came not unto you with enticing
words ; we needed not logical nor philosophi-
cal demonstrations, for our testimony had the
demonstration and evidence of the Spirit of
Truth in your hearts, and our words, or the
word of God in our mouths, hath not changed
unto this day, but remains the same that it
ever was. The great doctrine of the gospel
was and is regeneration, wiihout which there
is no entrance. The only means and way to
attain it, was and is that light and grace that
comes by Jesus Christ, and sanctifies and pu-
rifies, and brings to Him by whom the
entrance is manifested into the kingdom.
These things we have declared, and these
things ye have believed, and in this faith many
of our faithful brethren have fallen asleep, and
their precious souls are at rest with the Lord.
And herein if ye abide steadfast to the end,
ye shall do well. And concerning all such
who trouble any of your minds with subtle and
crafty questions, keep you your habitations in
the power of God, and you will daily come
more and more to discern the tendency of
them ; how it is a spirit that works against
the cross, and seeks to cause the offence of it
to cease, that they might bear a profession of
Truth, and live in a loose conversation, with-
out control or judgment ; and you will see
them come to naught like others before them.

Testimony of Upper Evesham Monthly Meet-
ing, New Jersey, held Third month 12th,
1842, concerning our deceased friends Jo-
siah and Elizabeth Reeve.
Josiah Reeve was the son of Mark and
Hannah Reeve of Cumberland county, New
Jersey, and was born the 23d of the Ninth
month, 1762.

Through the power of Divine grace, and
the watchful care of religiously concerned
parents, our beloved friend was brought early
in life to yield to the restraints of the cross of
Christ, by which he was prepared for useful-
ness in the church, and became an example
of uprightness and dedication, in the support
of the discipline, and of our religious testi-

He was remarkable for his diligence in

attending all our religious meetings, and
encouraging others in this important duty ;
not permitting his business, nor the incle-
mency of the weather to deter him from it ;
and we believe it was the travail of his spirit,
that the power of Truth might be witnessed
to rise into dominion on these occasions, and
his rejoicing to feel it to be so. He was a
persevering labourer with those who had
missed their way, endeavouring, by persua-
sive means, to convince and reclaim them ;
being unwilling to give them up, until all
proper efforts had been used for their resto-
ration. His charitable sentiments led him to
cherish the good in all ; yet in the adminis-
tration of the discipline, he stood firm for the
Truth and its testimony. His love for the
cause of Christ, and for his own religious
Society, led him to seek the welfare of the
younger members, encouraging them to yield
to the convictions of the Spirit of Truth, that
they might come up in the places designed
for them in the militant church. As an over-
seer, he was faithful in reproof and warning,
as well as ready to hold out a hand of help
to those who he feared were falling short in
the performance of their religious duties.

To the poor, and those in difficult circum-
stances, he was a kind and liberal benefactor,
and in various ways contributed to their aid
and comfort. In the early part of his life,
when few, comparatively, stood forward as
advocates of the rights of the coloured man,
he was prompt and exertive in rendering him
assistance to obtain his liberty, when illegal
measures were pursued by the slave-dealer to
reduce him to bondage; spending time and
means in defending the oppressed.

He was prudent and consistent in the
management of his temporal affairs, being
careful not to extend his business beyond his
means ; and to keep to punctuality and justice,
in the discharge of his engagements.

It was after the decease of his first wife,
who was the daughter of John and Mary
Newbold, that he removed and became a mem-
ber of this Monthly Meeting ; and in the fall
of 1802, he was married to Elizabeth, daugh-
ter of William and Elizabeth Richardson. In
the furniture of his house, and his mode of
living, he maintained the simplicity of our
profession, bringing up his children conform-
ably therewith ; and governing his household
with a view to their instruction in piety, and
preservation from the corruptions of the world.
As he advanced in religious experience, he
was placed in the station of an elder; the
duties of which he endeavoured to discharge
faithfully, both by private caution, and also
speaking a word in season, to them that were
weary. He was engaged at different times
in travelling with ministers, to whom he
proved himself a sympathising companion ;
and it was his concern that the ministry might
be in the life and authority of Truth ; and
that the hands of those engaged in this
weighty work, might be rightly supported,
and the young and inexperienced brought for-
ward in their gif^s, to the edification of the

Being a full believer in the soundness of our

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 70 of 154)