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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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high." This dispensation of Divine power
from on high, commenced on the day of Pen-
tecost, and ushered in the baptism of the Holy
Ghost, according to Christ's promise ; John
XV. 26. "But when the Comlorter is come,
whom I will send from the Father, even the
Spirit of Truth." The fulfilment of this pro-
mise was predicted by our Lord speedily to
take place, in his last interview with his dis-
ciples. Acts i. 5. " For John truly baptized
with water; but ye shall be baptized
Holy Ghost not many days hence,
took place on the day of Pentecost, and was
the commencement of the gospel baptism or
baptism of the Holy Ghost. Not so with
water baptism, for although administered to
the three thousand that were added to the
church on that occasion, yet it commenced
and was practised by the apostles during our
Lord's ministry ; and therefore, as already
noticed, could not have commenced as the re-
sult of a commission that was given after our
Lord's crucifixion, and resurrection from the

Much stress has been laid on the circum-
stance of the apostles baptizing " in the name
of the Lord Jesus." This, it is said, shows
that they understood our Lord to mean water
baptism ; to which we answer, it is worthy of
notice that there is not an instance recorded
in the New Testament, of the apostles bap
tizing in the language of the commission,
which is, " in the name of the Father, and of
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost."
(To be concludtid.)

10 me in j lie made cu
lure, d:c., ihe branch

.ith the

Iron Ore. — Ore in large quantities, and of
superior quality, has lately been discovered in
the neighbourhood of Reading, Pennsylvania.

Testimony of the Monthly Meeting of Friends
of Philadelphia for Ihe lSovther?i District,
held JS'inth month 2ith, 1839, conctrning
Jonathan Evans.

From a sense of Ihe benefit which accrues
to posterity, especially the youth, in contem-
plating Ihe example, and lullowing the foot-
steps of those servants ol the Lord, who, by
obedience to the teachings, and submission to
the humbling baplisins ot Ihe Holy Spirit,
have been made useful members of the church
of Christ, and " who through faith and pa-
tience inherit the promises ;" we feel engaged
to preserve a memorial concerning our beloved
friend Jonathan Evans.

He was the son of Jonathan and Hannah
Evans, members of our Society, and was bora
in Philadelphia, the 2.'ith of the First month,
1759; and was a member of this Monthly
Meeting from the time of its institution in
1772, until his death. His parents gave him
a liberal education, at the schools under the
care of Friends in this city ; and possessing
strong mental powers and quick perceptions,
siilerable proficiency in most of
5 of useful learning. He was
placed apprentice at the carpenters' trade,
and afterwards followed that business many
years. Being but little restrained from a
course of self-gratification, during his ap-
prenticeship, he often spent his evenings
with gay and volatile companions, giving
himself up to mirth and conviviality; being
much estranged from the cross of Christ, and
from that description of society which would
have promoted a life of religion and self-

When nearly arrived at man's estate, he
incidentally met with a copy of " Penn's No
Cross no Crown," and the singularity of the
title inducing him to open it, his attention was
arrested by the words " the Light of Christ."
He however closed the bnok as one not adapt-
ed to his taste, and passed away ; but those
words, the " Light of Christ," made such an
impression, that they frequently recurred to
his mind, and in such a manner as to induce
him to get the book for the purpose of further
examining it. He became deeply interested
in it, and through the Divine blessing it was
made instrumental in leading him into seri-
ous reflection on his past course of life,
and bringing him under strong condemna-
tion for the levity and follies of his youthful

Having withdrawn from his former gay
companions, by whom he was much missed,
he was called on by one of them, who
strongly solicited him to return lo their soci-
etv ; and endeavoured lo persuade him that
his determination was the result of a fit of
melancholy which the cheerfulness of com-
pany would soon dissipate. But he told his
visiter that he was mistaken in the cause of
his chance ; and so opened to him the sinful-
ness of the course they had been pursuing, as
to produce convictions in his mind, which
eventually wrought a similar change in his
conduct. He became an eminent and beloved
minister ia the Society, and a close and inti-



mate Christian friendship subsisted between
them, until dissolved by death.

It was a time of great civil commotion,
when he was thus favoured with the visita-
tions of Divine grace ; and about this period,
he was drafted as a soldier for the war of the
revolution. While many of the younger
members of the Society were caught with the
martial spirit of the day, he was constrained
to maintain his testimony to the peaceable
nature of the Messiah's reign ; in the support
of which he suffered an imprisonment ol six-
teen weeks.

Being now brought to submit to the hum-
bling power of Truth, he was led to bear his
cross before the world in plainness of dress,
lano^uage and demeanor; and was concerned
to watch closely over his words, that they
might be few and savoury, seasoned witn
grace; and being thus livingly convinced of
the Christian obligation of these and the other
testimonies held by our religious Wociely, they
became very precinus to him ; and he was
engaged to maintain them through life with
remarkable integrity and uprightness. He
also felt restrained from indulging in luxu-
rious living, and conBned himself to the sim-
plest fare.

When not engaged at his trade, he spent
his time in retireaiant, having then but lew
plain young Friends with waoni he could
associate. Separated very much from the
world, he was carried througli ihose dispen-
sations which his Divine Luid and Master
saw needful to reduce the pride and llie strong
will of man; and abiding under the refining
power of the cross of Christ, he witnessed tlie
sanctification of the Spirit, and was instructed
in the mysteries of salvation. Many were tlie
baptisms he passed through, in whicli his failli
and allegiance were closely proved ; but as he
endeavoured to abide patiently under the ope-
rations of the Divine hand, he was not only
brought down into low places, but Ihrough the
mercy and goodness of Him who is the resur-
rection and the life, and who was preparing
him for an important station in his church, he
was raised up again out of the pit and the
miry clay, and his feet set upon the rock
Christ Jesus, the foundation of many genera-
tions. It was in this school he learned to dis-
tinguish the voice of the true Shepherd from
the voice of the stranger, and was prepared to
understand the language of the Spirit unto the
churches, and to wail palienlly upon the
Great Head from whom he received the gift
of a discerning spirit, and sound judgment in
things pertaining to the ordering of the house-
hold of God.

In his twenty-fourth year he was placed in
the station of an overseer, and in his thirty-
sixth year, in that of an elder; in both of
which he endeavoured to discharge his duly
without respect of persons, and as one (hat
must give an account. Although he was tirm
in the support of the discipline, and for that
reason drew at times upon himself the reflec-
tions of the censorious, and of some who stood
opposed to an upright and consistent walking,
yet in dealing with oflendeis, he was clothed
with the spirit of meekness, and earnestly
sought their convincement and restoration out

of error. But when this could not be efl^cted,
love to the cause of Truth, and to the health
of the body, led him to maintain its testimony
over transgressors.

He was a practical believer in the necessity
of Divine qualification, renewed from season
to season, for transacting the affairs of the
Society ; and in meetings for discipline, and
on committees, or when otherwise engaged in
the service of Truth, he was weighty and
deliberative, seeking for, and relying upon its
openings, as the ground of right judgment in
the church.

In the year 1786, he was married to Han-
nah, daughter of our friends David and Mary
Bacon of this city ; who was a true help-meet
to him both in spiritual and temporal concerns.
They were engaged to set an example of
moderation and plainness in the furniture of
their house, and in their manner of living, as
well as in the education of their children ; tes-
timonies into vvliich they felt the Truth to lead
them. Having scruples respecting the pro-
priety of doing the ornamental work that was
put on buildings, and persons generally de-
clniing to meet his scruples, by giving him
such parts as he was easy to do; he was,
many times, under great ditticulty in relation
to the means of living, particularly when there
was little building of any kind to be done.
Deeply impressed with the conviction, that
true religion leads into strict justice, the fear
of bringing reproach upon his profession by
inabilily to meet his engagements, and to pro-
vide things honest in the sight of all men,
introduced him into straits in which his faith
was greatly proved, and he found it necessary
to make little answer in providing for the
wants of a family. But being favoured to
maintain his integrity, he neither relaxed in
his religions nor domestic duties, and having
first sought the kingdom of God and the right^
eousness thereof, all things necessary were
added. He bore a decided testimony against
covetousness, and the acquisition of great
wealth, as being incompatible with the needs
and duties of a self-denying follower of the
Son of God.

In the education of children, though a friend
and promoter of literature, he was more con-
cerned for the useful and substantial parts of
learning ; and in the ordering of his family, he
was remarkably watchful aver his own exam-
ple, that it might in no respect make impres-
sions at variance with the principles and pre-
cepts of that pure and undefiled religion, in
which he most surely believed. He was a
reverent and diligent reader of the Holy
Scriptures, and well versed in the history and
mysteries which they contain; but while he
often read, and had them read in his f;iinily, it
was his care to inculcate in his children a
belief in the omnipresence of their Heavenly
Father; that he was constantly watching
over them, reproving them for evil by his
Holy Spirit, and giving peace for doing right ;
and that it was only by taking heed to the
intimations of this same Spirit, which led the
holy men and women, of whom the Scriptures
speak, that they could walk in their footsteps.
In the discharge of his parental duties, he
manifested a fervent concern for their ever-

lasting welfare, endeavouring to restrain them
from evil company, and to lead them into a
love of the Truth as it is in Jesus, both by
precept and example. He rarely conversed
before them on the subject of trade, and the
accumulation of property, but took occasion
to express the sentiment, that he would prefer
being without any, than that their minds
should be set on earthly treasure, instead of
the love of their Heavenly Father.

(To bo concluded.)

For " The Friend."

James Alford was born near Rahway in the
province of East Jersey, of parents who were
slaves. We have no certain information of
the time of his birth, but he is believed to
have been at least eight years of age at the
breaking out of the American revolution. He
relained to the last a lively remembrance of
many incidents of that eventful period, and at
times related curious anecdotes connected
therewith. His parents died when he was
very young, and he could obtain little infor-
mation about them, except that his mother
was remarkable for her shrewd good sense
and piety. Whilst remaining in the family to
which his parents belonged, he was treated
with great kindness. One of the daughters of
his master marrying, he was given to her,
and she not needing his services, sold him to
a man residing in Rahway, who was both a
fanner and tanner. Here he began first to
experience the bitterness of slavery. His new
master was passionate and cruel, and for tri-
fling faults often treated his servants with great
barbarity. At one time, whilst James was
suffering under a severe sick head-ache, he
kicked him down the stairs. At another time,
being in the field ploughing, his master, be-
cause he had not clearly understood one of his
orders, knocked him down, jumped violently
upon his body, and with a large stone beat
him on the head until he was nearly blind.
He would in all probability have killed James
on the spot, had not some of the neighbours,
by force, dragged him away.

When the sufferer in after life recurred to
the many wrongs he had endured, he mani-
fested no resentment or hard feeling towards
the individual who had oppressed him. lie
believed that all these afflictions had been per-
mitted to befall him by his kind and gracious
Lord for his eternal well-being. He was
naturally of a lively disposition, fond of pleas-
ure, and those amusements to which unre-
generate youth are commonly attached ; but
as these things in time of trial and sufTering
yielded him no consolation, he was led to
seek for support in that Saviour who never
forsakes those who trust in him. When about
fifteen years old, he accidentally, whilst
rambling on a First-day about the Ian-yard,
fell into one of the pits; it was full of foul
water, very cold. Being unable to extricate
himself, he would have perished, but for the
assistance of others. When taken out, life
was nearly extinct. Regarding this circum-
stance as a merciful dispensation of Divine
Providence, in showing him the necessity of



a present preparation for another state of
existence, he became very earnest in seeking
for help and strength from above. He turned
from the path of thoughtless folly, and was
truly concerned to perform his duly faithfully
to his master. About this time he became
acquainted with the religious Society of
Friends, and walked every First-day six or
seven miles to attend their meetings. His
consistent conduct made way for him, and
some of the most respected members of the
meeting he attended, would, as occasions
offered, drop a word of comfort and encour-
agement to him.

It was fully impressed on his mind, that the
Lord in his own good lime would open a way
for his freedom ; — and in this assurance he
rested contented. He was very anxious to
learn to read ; but the privilege of going to
school not being allowed him, he was obliged
to seek for instruction elsewhere. As he was
remarkably civil and obliging, those who
visited at his master's house, generally, on
going away, gave him something for his
care and attention in waiting upon them, i
This money he carefully preserved, and paid
over to his master's children, to induce them
to instruct him in the evenings, when the
hard bodily toil of the day was over. He was
allowed no other light but that of the kitchen
fire ; it however answered his purpose, and by
close and persevering application, he became
a tolerable reader. Having a taste for know-
ledge, without an instructor, he acquired the
art of writing, and a sufficient acquaintance
with arithmetic, to be able to manage money
matters, both for himself and his master.
His industry, good management, and strict
integrity, gained him the perfect confidence of
his master, who now treated him with kind-
ness, and left the entire control of his con-
cerns in his hands. He afterwards said that
if he could have been happy in slavery, he
might have been so at this period, for he had
nothing to complain of.

About the time that he was, as he supposed,
twenty-eight years of age, he frequently spoke
with his master concerning his freedom. He
was willing, although he thought he had serv-
ed unrequited long enough, to pay a reasonable
price for his freedom. His master, however,
would listen to no terms; and James, with
great frankness, informed him he should leave
him. Believing that the proper time had come
for his departure, he left Rahway, and pro-
ceeded directly to Philadelphia, where he ar-
rived in safety, not having been challenged on
the road. He immediately found employ-
ment at hay making in the meadows below
the city ; and soon after obtained a situation
in North Wales. His master, who was much
incensed at his departure, used many endea-
vours to search him out, but never was able
to obtain the least trace of him. .James said,
that as for himself, he never suffered the least
uneasiness at the thought of his master's find-
ing him, for he was well assured, that the
Lord would never suffer him to be taken again
into slavery. He continued faithfully serving
his different employers, — denying himself
every thing that he could possibly do without,
— until he had saved two hundred dollars of

his earnings. In unshaken confidence in the
protecting providence of his divine Master, he
did not hesitate to take this money with him,
and proceed at once to Rahway. There he
went to the house of a Friend, who undertook
to negotiate for his legal freedom. His mas-
ter, having no hope of ever seeing him again,
gladly manumitted him in due form of law,
lor the two hundred dollars.

James now returned to Pennsylvania, where
he was generally favoured to find employment
amongst kind and respectable people. Amongst
others, he lived for a considerable period with
that eccentric, yet able minister of the gospel
of Christ, James Simpson. He frequently re-
mained for many years in the same service.
In one situation he continued fifteen years,
and having allowed most of his wages to re-
main in the hands of his employers, he lost
through their bankruptcy nearly §1500. This
was a serious loss at his time of life ; but he
did not discover any bitterness towards tliose
who had thus injured him. He seemed to pity
and feel for them more than he did for him-
self. He said it was all permitted for his
good ; ho might have been led to trust in
earthly riches if he had met with no losses;
that he felt a firm unshaken faith that the
Lord would take care of him, and never suffer
him to want. According to his means, he was
liberal; and had always something to spare
for the destitute. In his personal appearance,
he was always neat, plain, and clean, and his
clothes lasted longer, and looked better than
those of most persons in his condition. His
economy, as to personal expenditures, was
from principle, that he might have the more
to bestow on those who needed.

He was at one time addressed in a bitter
and sarcastic manner, by a person, who de-
manded what he knew of perfection? James
meekly replied, that he could not say much,
but that he thought he had been convinced of
that, which, if obeyed, could preserve him
from all evil.

In the year 1838, he, and his wife, (he had
then recently been married,) had charge of
the shelter for coloured orphans when it was
attacked by the mob. They fled for their
lives, and most of their household goods were
destroyed ; among these, were many things, the
gifts of deceased Friends, which no money
could restore. In this season of suffering,
James expressed no sentiments towards the
multitude who had done him this wrong, but
those of pitj'.

In a few years after this his health de-
clined. To the end, he was every way com-
fortably provided for. He had many friends,
— an affectionate wife for his nurse, — and,
above all, a humble, yet unshaken confidence
in the watchful regard of his Almighty Care-
taker. He died of paralysis, the 24th of
Eighth month, 1842, aged about 73 years.
Having been careful, faithfully to fill up his
various duties in this life, he had won the
love and esteem of his employers and ac-
quaintance, whose sorrow at his loss was
relieved by the firm belief, that he was gath-
ered homo in mercy, to the rest prepared for
the righteous.

Seleclod fur " I he Friend."

Fellowship does r,ol Consist in Words.

Words are but the signs by which thoughts are con-
But when they proceed from a heart
VVliere the spriiig hus been chastened by Truth, and are
The meekness of Love to impart, —

Oh ! Ihi n they are preciou.s i,nd salt as the dew
Which falls on the grass newly mown;

The strength which is drooping they sweetly renew,
Reviving llie seed that is sown.

The ties of affection and kindred are dear,

Tlicir value, oh, who can e.\press '.
They are sources of joy — but are mingled with fear, —

We tremble eVn while we possess.
But there is a fellowship even mere close,

Tliat needs not the aid of a word;
So sweetly 'tis felt in the bosom of those

Who iu spirit are serving their Lord.

'Tis His love that unites them. His arm that sustains,

liis power that cenlres in one;
Tlnir buhii of cimmuiiioh is— that He reigns.

Their liope of acceptance — the Son.

Beloved in Him, if faithful, uprijjhl,

Ko outward allotment can siver;
In humilily wuliur.g as eliiliiriii ni light,

This lellow ship lostcth ioreVLrl


The summer session of Whiteland Board-
ing School for girls, will commence on Se-
cond-day, the first of Filth month next.
During the winter term, whiih will close on
the 8th of next month, the following branches
of learning have been pursued by the scholars:
— arithmetic, algebra, geometry, plain trigo-
nometry, Roget's and Coates's physiology,
chemistry, astronomy, grammar, geography,
and other usual branches of an English edu-
cation ; also the elements of the Latin lan-

Terms $C0 per session. Applications may-
be made to Yardley Warner, Warren Tavern,
P. O., Chester co. ; John C. Allen, 180 South
Second Street. — Third mo. 29, 1843.

DiEn, the 2Jlh of Second month last, William Hal-
LOWELL, in the 71st year of bis oge. He removed to
Philadelphia from Abington in the year 1794, and re-
mained a member of the Northern District Monthly
Meeting to the time of his death ; of whieh meeting he
was for many years, as long as strength permitlid, a
valuable overseer. Declining hcalih, lor some lime
previous to his death, prevented so constant an attend-
ance at meetings as formerly; but even when very
much enfeebled, the eflorts he maile to be with his
Friends on these occasions, were exemplary. He was
of a meek and tiiiict spirit, and knowing in whom he
trusted, we doubt not he has experienced Him to be
" the resurrection and the life."

, at the residence of her son, near Chesler,

Penn., on the second uU , Judith Maris, in the 8lst
year of her age. During a confinement of three years
to her bed, iu consiqucnce of a fall, she was preserved
in a stale of great patience and resignation, and was
ti-cquenlly engaged in commemorating the mercy of
her Heavenly Father. Some weeks before her final
close, she remarked, that she was ready and wailing to
be removed, whenever it pleased the Lord to lake her ;
and from the quietness of her spirit, and the great love
and aftection she evinced for all around her, it afibrds
the consoling hope that her end was peace.

, on the morning of the 9th ult., at the resi-
dence of her son-in-law, Lardner Vanuxcm, Elizadltu
NEwaoLO, widow of the late John New-bold ; a member
of Middlelown Monthly Meeting, in the C9th year of
her age.


vol. XVI.


xro. 28.


Price two dollars per annum, payable in advance.
Subscriptions and Paymenls received by



r •' The Fri(


(Continued from page 208.)

" Some teachers may smile at this state-
ment, who are in the practice of getting out
good lessons, or lessons of some quality, only
by the cow-hide and ferula. ' 1 wish,' says
one, ' the writer were in my school. I am
curious to know what he would do with Elia-
kira Wilder and Kate Essling, and a (nvf of
that sort.' Well, gentle reader, I will tell
you just what I would do, and keep doing. I
"would, first of all, set myself to the task of
self-examination. I would endeavour to dis-
cover, and then to correct, my own deficien-
cies. The fervent and continual aspirations
of my heart should be, that mine eyes might
be opened to discern my own spiritual and

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 80 of 154)