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which it espoused being shaded by the spirit
of infidelity and insubordination, brought him
often under deep religious exercise. As a
faithful watchman on the walls of Zion, he
gave warning of the approaching danger ; and
took an early opportunity with the principal
leader in the defection, and pointed out to
him the wrong spirit, by which he was influ-
enced ; the unsoundness of his ministry, and
its tendency to sow disaffection, particularly
in the minds of the young people.

In all the trials of that period of conflict,
he never flinched from the scorn and suffer-
ing, which were abundantly cast upon him ;
but boldly maintained the testimony of Truth,
both in our meetings for discipline and for
Divine worship; sometimes openly rebuking
those ranting spirits, and at other times labour,
ing with them in private, to convince them of
their error.

Endeavours had been used by the elders of
this city, to tieat with Elias Hicks, and he had
refused to regard iheir judgment in his case.
In 1826, he came to our meeting dh a First-
ilay morning, where was collected a great
crowd of persons not belonging to the Soci-
ety. To this company he delivered senli-
ments, denying the Divinity of our Lord and
Saviour Jesus Christ, and his offering, as the
propitiation for the sins of the whole world;
with many other unsound opinions, much to
the grief of those who fully believed the doc-
trines of the gospel. At the close of his
communication, Jonathan Evans rose, and to
defend the truth, and clear the Society of all
responsibiliiy for those anti-Christian senti-
ments, said, " I believe it to be my duty to
say, that our religious Society has always
! believed in the atonement, the mediation and
the intercession of our Lord and Saviour Jesus
Christ; that by Him were all things created
that are in heaven and that are in earth, visi-
ble and invisible, whether they be thrones or
dominions, principalities or powers; all things
were created by Him and for Him, and He is
before all things, and by Him all things con-
sist. Any doctrines which go to invalidate
these fundamental doctrines of the Christian
religion, we cannot own, nor have any unity
with. Great efforts are now making to bring
the people to believe, that our Lord Jesus
Christ was no more than a man; this is not
our belief, nor can we admit it. Our Society
never held anj- such opinion, nor do we hold
ourselves accountable tor the sentiments of
those who hold such doctrines ; for He is
King of kings and Lord of lords ; He is judge
of quick and dead, and before His judgment
seat every soul shall be arraigned. Our So-
ciety has always held and believed these doc-
trines; and we cannot have unity with those
who are endeavouring to make Him a mere
man. 1 think it right for me to mention this,
in order that the people may not suppose we
hold or approve such sentiments."

He retired from business many years before
his death, having a competency to enable him
to live, in a plain, comfortable manner. In the
year 1829, he was deprived by death of his
beloved companion, — a bereavement which
deeply affficted him ; but belieyiug her renio- ^^1
val was in the ordering of Divine mercy and ^^|
wisdom, he bowed in humble quiet submission ^^
to the Lord's will. The remainder of his
days, he passed as one waiting for the ap-
proach of the solemn n.essenger, being much
redeemed from the world and all its cares and

Having accustomed himself through
frequent retirement and meditati
sessed an unfailing source of consoliitioil~and
support in his daily reverent approaches be-
fore Him, who had been his morning light,
his sun and shield in the strength of his days,
and through dedication to whom, he was now
established as a father and pillar in the church
of Christ. He was favoured with the preser-
vation of his faculties, and though not frequent
in his remarks in our meetings for discipline,
yet their clearness and correctness, proceed-
ing from a mind long experienced in waiting
for the motions of Truth, rendered his

counsel and judgment peculiarly acceptable
and valuable to his Friends, in their deliber-
ations on the concerns of the church. To his
younger brethren, his example, and the gra-
vity of his demeanour, were instructive, and
they entertained lor him strong feelings of
deference and respect.

In the last two years of his life, he was sub-
ject to frequent returns of disease, which
gradually undermined his strength, and which,
at an advanced stage of life, admonished him
of its approaching close ; but in the severest
of those attacks, until the last one, he ex-
pressed the belief that he should recover. He
was taken with a heavy chill on Fourth-day,
the 30th of the First month, which prostrated
him, so that he was out of his bed but Utile
afterwards. The remedies used to arrest the dis-
ease, it was hoped would, as heretofore, prove
availing, but on First-day morning he appear-
ed to be sinking, when it was proposed to him
to have further medical aid ; but he declined,
observing, that at his lime of life it was not
probable that he could continue long here ;
and he was entirely satisfied with wliat was
done for him. Being told in tiie afternoon
that a number of Friends had called to inquire
after him, he said, " unless sometliing extra-
ordinary occurs, it is not probable that I shall
get down slairs again." It was remarked,
that it was a trial to have those removed who
have long stood for the defence of the Truth.
He replied, " I have felt a great deal on that
account — a great deal. I am satisfied that
there is a spirit at work, which would lay
waste the ancient profession and doctrines of
our religious Society, and draw Friends away
from the spirituality of that which they have
once known ; and many are calched with it."

On Second-day morning, he appeared com-
fortable, and it being the lime of our Quar-
terly Meeting, he expressed the wish that his
children who belonged to it, might attend,
one of them from the country being sulH-
cient to remain with him; and in the af
ternoon he made inquiry respecting some
riends, and how the meeting got on with its

^ The s

The slate of his stomach precluded the use
of much nourishment, and from the nature of
ease he continued to weaken, though
ffered but litllo acute pain. His mind
to be abstracted from worldly ob-
and fixed upon the immutable founda-
tion Christ Jesus the hope of the saint's
glory. Sensible of the trial it must be to
those over whom he had long watched as a
deeply concerned parent, to see him thus
rajUfa^leclining, he readily submitted to
^^^^^rt made to relieve him ; and with
^^H^Pnness and patience endured the wast-
in^Rects of the disease.

One nfirning being asked by the physician
how he was, he replied, "very quiet, very
quiet, but very weak :" and to one of his chil-
dren, who remarked to him, that he appeared
to be going to his heavenly rest, he mildly
answered, "Yes." Throughout the whole
course of his sickness, though his understand-
ing was preserved clear, he conversed but lit-
tle ; thai deep introversion of mind to which
he had long accustomed himself, continued to


the close, and from the peaceful serenity
which was felt around his bed, and the holy
composure with which he met death, we
doubt not that he is gathered to the genera-
tions of the just, who have gone before, and
has been made a partaker of the crown of
righteousness laid up for all them, who,
through the mercy of God in Christ Jesus our
Lord, and the power of the Holy Spirit, have
fought the good fight, kept the faith, and
finished their course with joy. He departed
on the morning of the eighth of the Second
month, 1839, in the eighty-first year of his

In contemplating the peaceful close of the
long and useful life of this our dear Friend,
the loss which the church has sustained in his
removal, and the great need there is for more
such faithful labourers among us; we earnestly
desire that our beloved youth may be induced
to come unto Christ, and take his holy
yoke and cross upon them, that thus learning
of Him, who is meek and lowly in heart,
they may become so disciplined and in-
structed in his school, as to be prepared to
take the places' of judges and counsellors in
the church.


From the Appendix to Piety Promoted, Tenth
Part, by Joseph Gurney Bevan.
Christiana Penn was the wife of William
Penn, a grandson of the memorable William
Penn, founder of Pennsylvania. Her parents
were Alexander and Jane Forbes, of London.
Jane Forbes was the youngest daughter of
Robert Barclay, the apologist, and of Chris-
liana his wife. Christiana Penn died the 1st
of the Ninth month, 1733; but as there is
not, that I know of, any printed account of
her, I am induced to abridge an ancient manu-
script one, which may, at least, be interesting
to such as like to trace the descendents of men
who have been eminent for virtue ; and will
tend, like the rest of this collection, to pro-
mote piety, by showing its blessed consequen-
ces at the close of mortality.

After a longer term of previous suffering
than often occurs, she was delivered of her
first child, a daughter.* Her husband and
friends then began to hope; but she had a
view of her approaching dissolution, and en-
deavoured to be prepared for it. She was fer-
vent, and frequent in prayer, and earnest with
her motherf to join her in it. She had a firm
confidence that it would be well with her, often
declaring that she did not wish to live. She
mentioned, with affection, her near connec-
tions in life ; yet said, that so great was her
comfort in the prospect and assurance of
future bliss, she could freely part with them
all. She said the Lord had been so gracious
as to forgive her sins, (alluding to the follies
of her youth, which she then esteemed to

• Who died a widow at Bath, !S03, named Gaskill.

t She was one of Robert Barclay's cliildren, of whom
John Grattan says, " As llicy grew in years, they prcw
also in the knowledge of the blessed 'I'rulh :" tthicli
he much atlributes to the care of their mother.


have been vanities,) and, therefore, she earn-
estly desiied, if it were his will, that she
might be removed ; for she was then ready,
and certain of eternal happiness; but she
feared that it might not be so well if she
should live longer. " Hast thou not given me
up?" said she to her mother. " I desire thou
wilt give me up freely, and not endeavour to
hold me, or interrupt me, but let me go ; I am
ready, and have nothing to do but to die." At
another time, her father inquired of her
whether she would be willing to live if it
pleased the Lord. She answered, " God for-
bid, but that if he have any service for me, I
should be willing; but if not, I desire to die;
for now I am ready, and have nothing to do,
but to die. My joy is full." She expressed
a tender and affectionate regard for her
friends ; but most for her husband. She de-
clared that she had great satisfaction in her
marriage, and that she loved him with all her
heart ; and that her concern for him, and de-
sires for his good, were very great and strong.
Her patience in her illness, and her fear of
offending her Maker, by complaining, were
remarkable: careful of her words, that she
might not offend with her tongue. One time,
being in great pain, and finding herself thirsty,
she said, " Now my tongue wants cooling;
but soon I shall be in Abraham's bosom,
where all my sorrows will be at an end, and I
shall rest forever. I have nothing to do but
to die." This was frequently her expression.
She would continue in supplication sometimes
for hours together. The sweet heavenly
disposition she was in, the latter part of her
time, even surprised those who visited her.
She was so filled with a sense of the favour
and goodness of God, and with firm faith in
her future happiness, that she declared her
eternal joy was begun.

She was allowed her understanding perfect
to the last. She often inquired the hour of
the day ; was glad when she thought the last
was approaching ; firmly and quietly took her
final leave, and, without a groan, or the least
uneasy sign, at the age of eighteen years and
a quarter, she ceased to breathe.

For " The Friend."

Abolition of Slavery in Uruguay. — I find
the following paragraph in the Boston Journal
of Third mo. 11th. Amid the gloomy and
discouraging prospects which the increase of
slavery, and the avowed determination of the
South to " maintain the system at all hazards,"
in our own country, present to us, it is cheer-
ing to perceive in various parts of the world,
— even amongst nations which xcc have looked
upon as semi-barbarous, — the rapid progress
of enlightened principles, and a just appreci-
ation of the rights of the African race.

Proofs are accumulating of the perfect safely
of immediate emancipation, and in no instance
have we any accounts of the destruction of
the while population, or the starration of the
liberated slaves, consequent upon this measure.
Indeed, it is an established truth, that the
world cannot produce an instance of starvation
or bloodshed in consequence of emancipation.

" We have received from a friend a copy


of the Brittania, a Monte Video newspaper,
of the 17th of December. Most oflhe politi-
cal news which it contains has been antici-
pated ; but we find in it a decree of the
government, which consummates tiie abolition
of slavery within the territory of Urujiuay.
The first article of the decree says, ' From
and after the promulgation of the present reso-
lution, there are no longer any slaves in the
territory of this republic' This law was
officially signed on the 12th of December,


FOURTH MONTH, 8, 1843.

We should feel it to be doing a good thing,
if by any remarks we could ofi'er, the atten-
tion of our readers might be turned, with an
effect commensurate with the importance and
exigency of the case, to the interesting annual
Report of the Tract Association of Friends,
inserted on another page. No one, on a peru-
sal of the document, but must be forcibly im-
pressed with the extent and variety of the
means which the managers have pursued to
increase the circulation of their Tracts.
These Tracts, now numbering seventy-three,
in respect to the sound discretion exercised in
their preparation or selection, we may venture
to say, will, at least lose nothing in compari-
son with any equal number of similar publi-
cations extant; and the amount of permanent
impressions, conducive to piety and virtue,
which their diffusion has produced, it would
not be easy to compute. But, say the Mana-
gers, " owing to the limited amount of our
resources, we have felt discouraged from pre-
paring or issuing new Tracts. One only has
been adopted by the Board, and that has not
yet been stereotyped. It wails the replenish-
ing of our Treasury." In other words, the
operations of this humble, unobtrusive, but
most valuable agent in the dissemination of
sound principles, is likely to become paralized
— stopped short in its useful career, for the
want of a few hundred dollars, which there
are many who could well spare, and in sparing
bring a blessing to themselves, while they di:
pensed it perhaps to hundreds. In making
this appeal, we have not exclusively in view
our fellow-members of this city — there are
many in the country — many in other parts of
the continent, of ability to contribute a sha
and surely the object is of no sectional cha-
racter — it is no less than the good of mankind
at large — the cause of universal righteous-


(Coiicludccl from page 215.)

Among the killed is the American consul.
He was taken from under the ruins, with both
legs broken, and put on board an American
vessel in the harbour, but died the next day.

A St. Croix paper of February 16lh, with
which we have been favoured by a friend,
says :

" The mouth of the harbour of Point Petre,
which before the event was capable of admit-


ting ships of the heaviest burden, became
completely choked up, and forever rendered
impassable, by rocks being forced up from
the bottom of the sea. The vessels which
were at the time in port, will, it is feared,
never be got out; among them, many .large
ships from France, and other vessels from

Antigua. — In less than three minutes, says
the Antigua Herald, the earthquake laid pros-
trate, or otherwise seriously injured, almost
every wind-mill, steam-engine, and every set
of sugar-works on the island, rendering use-
less almost every church and chapel ; as the
few that are left standing are so seriously rent
and injured, as to be unsafe even for a tempo-
rary shelter, and therefore dangerous in the
extreme for public worship.

The immense loss of property occasioned
by this visitation will require several millions
of pounds sterling to replace. The present
most luxuriant and large quantity of canes j
which crown the fields, will unavoidably be
sacrificed, for want of mills to grind, and [
sugar-works to manufacture the present
bountiful standing crops.

This sad catastrophe was preceded by an
extraordinary and alarming rise of the tide,
to the extent of four feet above its usual flow.

We have not been able to ascertain the
accurate number of lives that have been lo^-t
on the occasion of the melancholy visitation ;
but we have not heard of more than eight.

A high hill, overlooking English harbour,
on the south-west side of Antigua, fell into
the harbour, and so obstructed it as to render
it useless.

The article headed " Our Religious Testi-
monies" is in possession of the printer, intend-
ed for insertion next week.

Slaves. — The Senate of Kentucky, by a
vote of 21 to 14, have decided that the law of
that State, prohibiting the importation of
slaves, shall not be annulled.


The semi-annual examination of the stu-
dents of Haverford School commenced on
Fifth-day, the 6th instant, and will terminate
on Third-day, the 11th instant; when omni-
buses will be provided to convey them to the


The summer session of Whiteland Board-
ing School for girls, will commence on Se-
cond-day, the first of Fifth month next.
During the winter term, which will close on
the 8th of next mijnth, the following branches
of learning have been pursued by the scholars:
— arithmetic, algebra, geometry, plain trigo-
nometry, Roget's and Coates's physiology,
chemistry, astronomy, grammar, geography,
and other usual branches of an English edu-
cation ; also the elements of the Latin lan-

Terms $60 per session. Applications may
be made to Yardley Warner, Warren Tavern,
P. O., Chester co. ; John C. Allen, 180 South
Second Street. — Third mo. 29, 1843.

.\ stated annual meeting of the " Bible
Association of Friends in America," will
be held in the Committee-room, Mulberry
Street Meeting-house, on the evening of Se-
cond-day, the 17th of Fourth month, at eight

Samuel Bettle, Jr., Sec'ry.

An annual meeting of " The Institute for
Coloured Youth," will be held at the commit-
tee-room, on Mulberry street, on Third-day
evening, the ISth of Fourth month, at eight

M. C. Cope, Sec'ry.

Third mo. 29th, 1643.

of Stciind
year of I

residence, Bucks County, on the 23d
ih last, Daniel Carln k, in tlie 68tli
IS ajje ; a woi thy and esteemed cider of Buck-
ingham iVluiillily jMicling. Throughout a prolr.iclcd
iliiit'ps lie was tavourt-d wilh mucli patience, and ap-
peared entirely resigned to the Divine will. A few
months before his decease, to two Iricnds who visited
hin), he remarked, that although he could nut get out
to meeting, he was not idle, but endeavoured lo keep
his day's work going on with the day. He mourned
over our poor stripped Society ; — not on accoimt of its
smallness, l.ut its weakness. As he drew near the
close, he was ready, willing, yea, as he himself ex-
pressed it, anxious lo go lo his everlasting home. Hav-
ing endeavoured to walk as a perfect man and an
upright, his end was peace.

, at the same place, on the lOlli of Third month,

Elizabeth Caiilile, the widow of Daniel, in her SJth
year; she was also an elder of Buckingham Monthly
Meeting. Lovely and pleasant were this aged pair
through life, and in death ihey were scarcely divided.

, in the city of Cincinnati, on the 25lh of Se-
cond month la.=t, C'aleb VV. Taylor, of the lute firm of
W. Woodnutt & Co. The deceased left his house on
ihe aflernoon, above staled, on hearing an alarm of
fire, whii h proved to be in a smoke-house, attached to
one oflhe pork.huuses on the canal. A large quantity
of gas was generated by the burning meat, and forced
thre.ugh openings into the pork-house adjoining, where,
becoming ignited, it produced an explosion, which lite-
rally shattered the building lo pieces. At this time ihe
deceased was in the street, opposite, where there was
no apparent danger; and with several other valuable^
citizens was almost inslsnily killed. For the last yea
he had been particularly engaged in making prepari
tion for the change that has taken place, and was in ll
practice of spending a portion of each day in i
merit, engaged in religious exercise. A tew monthsj
vious to his death he retired from business, i
engaged in arranging his temporal concerns, j
promote the coinlbrl of his family. It
bably influenced by a belief, which af

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 83 of 154)