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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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When rain or snow fall heavy from the sky, —
These cedars yield the birds a safe retreat,
From all the winds that blow, the storms that beat.
Their leaf-crowned heads the snowy flakes retain,
They turn from all beneath the fiercest rain ;
But the chill mist laic floating on the air.
Reached each recess, and left its ice robe there ;
Each branch was silvered, on each leaf was seen
A chrystal case enclosing spear of green.

I marked the robins hovering sore distrcst.
The chilling mantle covered every rest, —

More joy to Ihcin from rough dark branch to sing.
When soil around them breathes the airs of spring.

Than thus to perch on ice, — though dazzling bright,

Its ruby radiance meels iho gazer's sight;

To them no comfort does the glare bestow,

Like earthly dignity, 'lis splendid woe.

Bent to the earth, I on the stubhlo gazed, —

Uncounled beauties in confusion bljz.d; —

Fantastic sh.ipings filled my wondering eve, —

Transparent columns seemed to tower on high, —

Half perfect images of dome and spire.

Of silvery brighmess, or of rosy fire.

Imagination in such fair array,

Might picture ruins of a fabled day ;

Of mighty lowers built up with precious stones ;

Ofchryslal palaces, and diamond thrones;

Of lamps ofgliiry burning ever there;

Of silver trees that polished rubies bear ;

Of fount.fed waters jetting over all.

And breaking into jewels as tbey fall.

As bright, as rich, as dazzling tliese to sight
As Mooiiiih dreams of Genii bowers of lighl;



Painted in tales which wondering children read
Whilst the wild fictions scatter evil seed,
Stir up dark fancies, kindle thoughts impure,
And lijster maladies they cannot cure.
But the bright glories of this winiry day,
Its pomp ol jewelry, its rich array.
Are nature's own adornings, — full of charms,
Which not the strictest moralist alarms.
Creation's glories to untainted youlh,
n iheir realities and perlcct truth,
;ive not the influence of their brightest things,
I'o strengthen evil in its secret springs.



Each change is fashioned at her Maker's
Some trace of goodness linger
Pointing the spirit to that Fov
Nature has all her brightness :



ill;
und it still, —
2r from whom
ad her bloom.



From the Fanners' Cabinet.

To Preserve Eggs. — The high price and
scarcity of eggs during the winter season,
render it an object of importance to preserve
tlieni from decay during the season of abun-
dance, for that of scarciiy. This, like every
tiling else, is a very easy matter when we
know how to acconipHsh il, and difficult when
we are ignorant of the mode of effecting it.

The shells of eggs are porous, and by beinj
long kept, the fluid contents evaporate gradu
ally, and that in proportion as the temperature
of the weather is increased ; the vacant space
occasioned by the evaporation, is immediately
filled with air, and this air acts on the con-
tents of the egg, and produces decomposition
or rottenness, fsow if the air can be prevent-
ed from entering through the shell, the egg
will remain sound for an indefinite period —
for decomposition cannot lake place without
air.

Reaumur tried varnishing eggs to preserve
them, but he found the cheapest and most
effectual method was to apply oil or grease,
with which they were rubbed, or into which
they were dipped.

The transpiration of matter from the egg,
vas proved to be as effectually stopped by the
hinnest layer of fat, as by a thick coating, so
that no sensible vestige be left on the surface
of the shell. All sorts of fat, grease, or oil,
were found well adapted to preserve eggs ;
they were preserved for nine months, as Ircsh
as the day on which they were laid. Other
plans of accomplishing the same purpose
might be stated, but the above is so simple,
cheap and effectual, that it is deemed unne-
sary. Q.



An Apliorism. — A tradesman may incur
indebtedness in the way of his business; for
to enable a man to give credit, it is reasonable
that he receive it. A farmer is justified in
debiting his farm for what are justly termed
lasting improvements — such as the purchase
of manures, draining, extra cultivation, and
the erection of necessary buildings; but no
person is justified in going into debt for ex-
pensive food or clothing, in such times as the
present; much more reprehensible would it be
for him to indulge inexpensive amusement of
any kind whatever. Z.



in the performance of his duties, deficiencies
enough — in his fortune, evils enough — with-
out being curious about the affairs of others.

SILICEOUS STONE-TKIPOLI.

There are rocks in the interior of conti-
nents, at various depths in the earth, and at
great heights above the sea, almost entirely
made up of the remains of zoophytes and
teslacea. Such masses may be compared to
modern oyster-beds and coral-reefs ; and,
like them, the rate of increase must have
been extremely gradual. But there are va-
rieties of stony deposites in the earth's crust,
now proved to have been derived from plants
and animals, of which the organic origin was
not suspected until of late years, even by nat-
uralists. Great surprise was therefore created
by the recent discovery of Professor Ehren-
berg, of Berlin, that a certain kind of silice-
ous stone, called tripoli, was entirely composed
of millions of the skeletons or cases of micro-
scopic animalcules. The substance alluded to
has long been well known in the arts, being
used in the form of powder for polishing
stones and metals. It has been procured,
among other places, from Bilin, in Bohemia,
where a single stratum, extending over a wide
area, is no less than 14 feet thick. This stone,
when examined with a powerful microscope,
is found to consist of the siliceous cases of
infusoria, united together without any visible
cement. It is difficult to convey an idea of
their extreme minuteness; but Ehrenberg
estimates that in the Bilin tripoli there are
41,000 millions of individuals of the Gaillo-
nella distans in every cubic inch, which
weighs about 220 grains, or about 187 mil-
lions in a single grain. At every stroke,
therefore, that we make with this polishing
powder, several millions, perhaps tens of
millions of perfect fossils are crushed to
atoms. — LyelVs Geology, vol. 1, page 52.



Imagination. — That great old writer, Tho-
mas Fuller, relates a curious incident, which
is truly characteristic, showing how fancy
will put life into young limbs, and confirming
the old adage, that "conceit is as good as a
consumption." A gentleman, he says, having
led a company of children beyond their usual
journey, they began to be weary, and jointly
cried to him to carry them — which, because
of their multitude, he could not do, but he
told them he would provide them with horses
to ride upon. Then cutting little wands out
of the hedge as nags for them, and a larger
one for himself, they mounted, and (hose who
could scarce stand before, now full of mirth,
bounded cheerfully home. — Cabinet.



If the coming season shall not prove a good
one for honey, it will not be attributable to
the friends of the bees. — We observe that
thirteen patents for hives were granted last
year. — Cabinet.



Every man has in his own life follies John Wilkes said, " the very worst use you
enough — in his own mind troubles enough — can put a man to, is to hang him."



For " The Friend."
JACOB LINDLEY.

Among the many interviews which I en^
joyed in the earlier part of my day with
Jacob Lindley, the subsequent narrative was
not the least interesting.

During the time of the revolutionary war,
and I suppose not long after he came out in
the ministry, he was one day alone at work,
when an inquiry seemed suddenly whispered
in his ear. Hast thou a soul ? To this he
answered, Yes, certainly I have. But, returned
the inquiry, How dost thou know thou hast a
soul ? He then began to review the argu-
ments which he had to prove the immortality
of the soul, the testimony of Scripture, the
common consent of mankind, &c. But the
suggestion arose, this may all be priestcraft.
The various races of animated nature passed
in review. The varieties of the monkey tribe,
presenting close approximation to the human
form, and varied analogies to the human in-
tellect, arose in his mind. Here man appeared
to be merely a link in the great chain of ani-
mal life, and why then could we believe that
he was immortal more than the other races
which exist around him ] Perplexed, though
not satisfied with this reasoning, he became
almost doubtful whether he had anything to
fear or hope, beyond the present life. He
looked towards the road to see whether any
soldiers were passing, thinking that if he had
no soul, he might without impropriety unite in
the contest of the day ; for if he should be
killed, that would be an end of him ; and his
life was of very little importance if it was to
end in annihilation.

At length, not feeling satisfied with the
arguments on either side, with which his mind
was agitated, he felt inclined (o suspend all
ratiocinations on the subject. He therefore
sat down, when a profound stillness ensued.
After a time the inquiry passed through his
mind, Canst thou look forward a thousand
years? A little reflection upon this point
satisfied him that he could. The inquiry was
then extended to a much longer period, per-
haps a million. This again he saw he could
readily do. The question then returned,
whether he could look still further, into an
illimitable existence, beyond what numbers
could express. Reflecting upon this idea, he
felt satisfied that this too was within the pow-
ers of his mind. The involuntary reply then
was, that monkeys, baboons, inc., possess no
such faculty. And that capacity in man which
can look into a boundless futurity, will itself
run coeval with the futurity into which it can
penetrate.

Believing that these intimations were not
the result of his own reasoning powers, but
emanations from a superior intelligence, his
doubts in regard to the immortality of the
soul were completely resolved. Thus this
transient visit from the spirit of infidelity left
him more than conqueror, through Him that
loved him. From that time until the close of
his earthly career, I apprehend he made it the
great business of his life to secure for the
immortality which lay before him, an inheri-
tance among the saints in light. £. L.



THE FRIEND.



FRIENDS' ASYLUM.

Twenty -sixth Annual Report of the Friends''
Asylum for the Insane, near Philadel-
phia.

At the time when the last Annual Report
was made up to the first of Third month,
1842, there were fifty-eight patients in the
Asylum; — twenty-five have been admitted
since, to the first instant — n)aking the whole
number, under care, eighty-three ; being four-
teen less than last year. During the same
period, thirty-two were discharged, and five
have died. Of those discharged, ten were
restored ; — six much improved ; — four im-
proved, and twelve stationary. The number
in the house, Third month 1st, 1843, was
forty-six — of whom three are restored — one
much improved — three convalescent — two im-
pioved, and thirty-seven without improve-
ment ; — being mostly cases of a chronic cha-
racter, and many of them residents for many
years.

The average number in the house during
the year, as per the monthly enumeration, is
forty-eight and eleven-twelfths, which is less
than for several years past. The diminution
in the number of patients, has arisen partly
from the establishment of institutions for the
reception and cure of the insane, in different
places, and partly from the pecuniary difficul-
ties which have been so generally felt through-
out the community.

The statement of the Committee of Ac-
counts, and the Treasurer's account, show,
that the amount charged for the board, &c.,
of patients, is $13,494.89. A contribution of
$25 has been received, and donations amouiit-
ing to $10.5. There has been $39.12 received
for interest, and $6P.75 on account of arrears
of ground rent. The legacy of our late fi iend,
Isaac Jones, has been paid; the net amount
of which is $975.

There has been expended, including an
ties, $10,906.87. The amount loaned on
interest, is $4,153.72. The sum of $935.3£
has been carried to suspense account. Th
balance in the hands of the Treasurer on the
1st instant, for general purposes, was $934.49;
on account of Anna Guest's legacy, $2.50 ;
ind on account of Beulah Sansom's legacy
$191.16. There has not been any income
received the past year, from the stock left by
the late Anna Guest. The amount of annu-
ies is $324 — which is payable to four indi-
iduals.

The farm has yielded thirty-six wagon
loads of hay; sixty bushels of oats; 450 bush-
els of potatoes ; 300 bushels of corn ; fifty
bushels of sugar beets; ninety bushels of
wheat; and nine hogs, weighing 2122 pounds.
The garden has furnished an abundant supply
of vegetables for the use of the family.

Our friends John C. and LiPtitia Redmond,
having notified the Board of their wish to be
released from the station of Superintendent
and Matron, which they have acceptably
filled for eleven years, — Philip Garrett and
Susan Barton have been appointed to succeed
them. The change to take place the 1st of the
Fifth mouth next.



237

It has long been deemed desirable, to make
such a reduction in the charge for boarding of
poor patients, as to induce their friends to
avail themselves of the many advantages
afforded by a residence in the Asylum. Un-
der the present state of things, the Managers
thought they would be justified in reducing
the lowest rates of board fifty cents per week.
The rate is now two dollars nnd fifty cents
per week for poor patients, members, or pro-
fessors, residing within the limits of Philadel-
[)liia Yearly Meeting; — and three dollars per
week for those of this description residing
without those limits. This price is consider-
ably below the average cost of each patient,
and is so moderate, when the comfortable ac-
commodations and remedial means furnished
are taken into consideration, as to induce the
belief, that no member of our religious Soci-
ety or professor, need be deprived of the bene-
fits of the Institution.

The ability to keep patients at so low a
price, will depend in a great measure on the
support to be derived from gifts and legacies.
The more extensive and permanent an income
is made from these sources, the greater will
be the means placed at the disposal of the
Managers, for the reception of poor patients
at low charges; and the more numerous the
facilities for their recovery, when curable, and
for their enjoyment and comfort when beyond
he reach of medicine. The Managers feel
much for these helpless and afflicted beings,
rever situated, and earnestly desire the
subject mayclaitn the serious consideration of
those to whom is entrusted the means of alle-
viating the calamities of others.

Exercise in the open air, and suitable em-
ployment, we believe, are among the most
mportanl means of restoring those afflicted
with insanity. We have accordingly en-
deavoured to promote the use of them, when-
ever it was proper. At all seasons of the year
the patients ride out daily, when the weather
is suitable. This furnishes an unfailing source
of pleasure to them. The pleasant walks in
the grounds belonging to the Institution, as
well as those adjacent, are much resorted to
and enjoyed, as is the circular rail-road on the
lawn in front of the house ; all which afford
healthful exercise.

Some of the male patients are enabled to
render efiicient aid on the farm and in the
garden; in the cultivation of which, .several
of them appear to take considerable interest,
as well as in basket-making, and the use of
tools. The females knit, sew, quill, &ic.
While we are sensible of the great importance
of employment, we are aware it is in many
cases, very difficult to devise occupations,
adapted to divert the deranged mind trom its
delusions, and turn its thoughts into new and
interesting channels. In all well regulated
Institutions, it is in degree attained, and
ought to be the constant aim of those who are
entrusted with the management of the insane.
The Board hope it may be found practicable
hereafter to increase the variety of employ-
ment at the Asylum. The responsibiliiy
which attaches to those to whom this afflicted
class of our fellow-beings are confided, is very
reat, and no means should be left untried.



238

which, with the blessings of Providence, ap-
pear to bo calculated to restore them.

It is a subject essentially connected with
the permanent restoration of patients, that
they be continued at tlie Institution, until they
are considered well enough to be discharged
by those to whose care they have been con-
fided. It has often happened, that just as the
patient is beginning decidedly to improve, he
is taken away by iiis friends, and introduced
into scenes and associations which produce a
relapse ; which, in some instances, is far more
difficult to cure than the first attack. The
Managers would therefore desire it might be
impressed upon the friends of patients, who
may be apparently restored by the treatment
at the Asylum, the importance and necessity
of allowiu"- them to remain until a sufficient
time elapses to test their recovery.

The contributors at their late meeting, con-
tinued to the Managers the liberty of receiv-
ing patients not members of the Society of
Friends, nor professors. Such persons can be
admitted upon moderate terms; when the
house is not filled.

The Managers conclude, with the expres-
sion of gratitude to a superintending P
(lence, for 1
during the past year.

Philadclpliia, Tliird moutli, 1843.



THE FRIEND.

time he appears to have been like king Agrip- i
pa of old, almost persuaded to be a Christian, j
But his vessel being equipped, he had not j
resolution enough to abandon his enterprise, j
Though convinced that the course he was pur- i
suinti was directly opposite to that which led j
to heaven, the fear of the world's dread laugh, |
and the surrender of pecuniary prospects,
seem to have urged him forward; and from the
events of his subsequent life, we may infer
that the conviction, thus suddenly excited, was
permitted to pass away like a fleecy cluud.
E. L.



For •■ The Friend."
TUOMAS SHILMTDK.

Notwithstanding the reprint of the Journal
of 'i'homas Sliillitoe in " The Friends' Libra-
ry," I have thought the insertion of a few
extracts t'rom it in " The Friend" might not
be without benefit at the present lime. For
the sake of those who may not have known
much or any thing of that devoted servant of
Jesus Christ, it may be well to observe, that
though " strong in the Lord, and in the power
of His might," he was constitutionally timid,
many n.ercies and blessings «nd shrinking to a degree atriounting almost
■ disease. The editors of the Library thus
appropriately say of him : —

Encfatred in an unusual variety of religious
concerns, embracing all ranks of men, from
kings and emperors, down to the most degra-
ded and destitute classes of the human family
— his life exhibits a striking illustration of
the universality of that love which actuates
the true ministers of the gospel, and of the
efficacy of living faith in enabling the obedient
follower of Christ to triumph over the infir-
mities of nature and surmount every obstacle
in the path of apprehended duty. Such in-
stances of faithful dedication and perseverance,
though rare, prove the practicability of fulfill-
ing the Divine commands as they are made
kn°own to the mind of man, and that the
blessed results of simple obedience are, peace
here and a well-founded assurance of its end-
less fruition in the life which is to come.

" It is not too much to hope that the diffu-
sion of such evidences of the power of Divine
grace in leading about and qualifying a feeble
instrument for the work of his day, and
strengthening him to perform it, will contri-
bute to the spread of the kingdom of our dear
Redeemer, by inciting others to faithfulness
in obeying the clear manifestations of religious
duty, that thus labourers may be brought into
the Lord's vineyard."

Being at Baltimore in the Eleventh month,
1827, T. Shillitoe remarks: —

My mind had been occupied with an appre-
hension of religious duty to make a visit to a
great slave-merchant, who resided in this city,
where the needy slave-holders, and such as
had slaves who were refractory and difficult
to manage, were encouraged, by his weekly
advertisements, to come, and find a ready
market for them. A large building is erected
on his premises like a prison, to secure them
until he has obtained a suitable compliment to
send to different places, where there is a de-
mand for them. I found he was considered.



For " The Friend."
ANECDOTE OF BEISJAMI.'V LAY.

The substance of the following anecdote
was related in my hearing many years ago,
by Thomas Atmore, of Philadelphia. I am
entirely ignorant of the source from which he
derived his information ; but his well known
character for veracity and intelligence, is
quite sufficient to vouch for the authenticity
of the narrative.

Paul Jones, the same, I apprehend, whose
naval exploits have been so highly extolled,
had at one time made preparation for a cruise
on the ocean, in his usual character of a pri-
vateer. The provisions, arms and ammunition
were on board, and every thing ready for
departure. But previously to commencing his
cruise on the ocean in quest of plunder, he
concluded to give up a day to a tour on land,
in search of diversion ; in other words, he
concluded to have a frolic. In the course of
his peregrinations he fell in with Benjamin
Lay. As the person and character of that
singular being were probably familiar to men,
women and children in the vicinity of
residence, it is not wonderful that he should
be no stranger to Paul Jones. The naval
hero, willing to have a little diversion with
the eccentric Lay, accosted him with the
inquiry, " Well, Ben, can you direct me the
way to heaven ?" " Yes," answered Lay
with his usual readiness, " I can. The way to
heaven is to do justly, to love mercy, and to
walk humbly with God." A broadside from
a French man-of-war would probably have
been less astounding to the hero of the ocean
than this simple, but pointed return. Accord-
ing to his own acknowledgment, the convic-
tion rushed on his mind, if that is the way to
heaven, then I am in the way to hell. For a



as a man, inde|)endent of his employ n



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 88 of 154)