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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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which he appeared to do attentively ; this
afforded us an opportunity of having our minds
brought into quiet after our besetment by the
dogs, and their master's angry countenance.
When he returned my certificates, the reading
of which appeared to have somewhat softened
his mind, he said, " I suppose you are going
about preaching the gospel ;" to which I re-
plied, " I profess to be so circumstanced." I
then endeavoured, in a tender, feeling, but
decided manner, to open the subject that
brought me to his house, telling him, I came
on behalf of the poor coloured people; that I
lived in a country where the inhabitants were
all free ; but I found I was now in a slave-
holding part of the United States of America ;
and by an advertisement of his which I
had in my possession, it appeared he was a
dealer in these coloured people, who were
kept in slavery. I requested him to pause
for a moment, and endeavour, as much as pos-
sible, to place his own parents and nearest
relatives in the very situation of these poor
creatures he had at times purchased and sold
again, thereby separating the nearest connec-
tion far from each other, — husbands from



M



i



THE FRIEND.



239



wives, and children from parents ; and try how
far such ads as he was in the practice of,
accorded with such feeling of humanity as he
would wish should be exercised towards his
own parents and relatives ; with more to the
same effect.

He appeared to hear me patiently, and tried
to justify his conduct, but with coolness and
deliberation ; saying, he was educated in a
slave-holding slate, — that his father was a
slave-holder, that his mother was a pious
woman, in connection with the methodists ; —
that she was in the practice of reading the
Bible to her children, and that her pious care
for him he yet remembered, and some of the
good counsel that she gave him; that through
her influence his father manumitted about
seventy slaves : she died when he was young.
On his father marrying again, he found he
must leave home, or render it unpleasant to
his parents, which he did not desire to do, and
theretore entered into the army, and was at
the battle of New Orleans: after the war was
over, the army was broken up; on quitting_it
he found himself in debt, and not knowing
what employment to take to, to extricate him-
self from his difficulties, a relation encouraged
him to become a slave-merchant, offering him
funds to commence this trade, which he ac-
cepted; and yet s;ud, we thought feelingly so,
it is a bad business, and that he had concluded
to give it up, and had been making arrange-
ments for that purpose. But some of his em-
ployers, in the first rank of slave-holders, and
even some who were making much profession
of religion, would not allow of his giving up
his business, but urged him to go on with it.
He laid great stress on the encouragement he
received from this latter description of his
barterers, from which I was led to fear, that
when he felt any qualms of conscience on
account of the manner in which he was get-
ling his wealth, as he was deemed wealthy,
the entreaties of this class would be resorted
to, to salve over the wounds of conscience he
at times experienced, which I could not doubt
had been llie case at times with him : he also
pleaded having the laws of the state to sanc-
tion him in his traffic, which opened the way
for me to go further into the subject; but in
time it evidently was manifest, that the Divine
witness was so reached in him, as to compel
him to cast away all his weapons of defence.
He gave it as his opinion, that before twenty
years were passed over, slavery would be
brought to a final close, if the work was
rightly gone about. By this time we thought
we never witnessed the declaration, that the
lion should lie down with the lamb, more fully
exemplified. He assured us again of his de-
termination to quit his business, and acknow-
ledged the gratitude he felt for the visit, took
his leave of us in an affectionate manner, con-
ducting us himself quite off his premises. As
we quitted him, his countenance, which on our
first approach appeared terrific, was so chang-
ed, that he was pleasant to look upon. Every
thing about his elegant house and his yards,
told, in plain terms, that he considered hiin-
aelf living in continual danger of losing
his life. I felt th^nkfgl to the great Preserver



of men-, when we reached our place of desti-
nation again.

(To be continued.)

For '• The Friend."
STUMBLING BLOCKS.

How awful must the situation of those pa-
rents be, who league with the devil to with-
stand the Lord's work in the hearts of their
children ! Repeatedly, of latter times, has this
language saluted my mental ear, bringing with
it very serious considerations ; and as it freshly
arises at this time, I am willing to throw it
before the readers of " The Friend," that we
may individually inquire, how far we come
under this condemnation.

Do any of us, when our dear offspring, —
" buds of our being," — are met in a narrow
way, endeavour to turn them from it ; or fail
to encourage them to struggle on it ? Have
any of us when a son or daughter became
weary with things that the Secret Witness
has warned them against, rather discouraged
them from giving heed to these tender admo-
nitions — it may be to change their dress or
their coinpany, to give up, or take up, a prac-
tice, under an impression of duty — and have
we sheltered ourselves under the fear, lest,
having made a good profession before many
witnesses, they should fall away, and bring a
stigma u|)on Truth? What! is not the Lord
sufficient for his own work ? and did he ever
say to the wrestling seed of .Jacob, seek ye
my face in vain ? It was the condemnation of
Eli that he restrained not his sons from sin ;
how much the greater must their guilt be,
who restrain their offspring from good '

In this day of overturning and instability,
— when nothing but the Rock remains
shaken, and those who are built upon it
secure, — the Lord is at work with the chil
dren: he will work, and who shall hinder?
If we can do nothing for the lambs, do not let
us wiest them out of the hands of the Shep-
herd ; nor strive when the work of the Puri-
fier is upon them to draw them from the fur-
nace, or remove them from the hammer.
What a sorrowful mistake it is, when the
Lord is contriting the youthful heart — throw-
ing clouds over its brilliant prospects — marr-
ing its pleasant pictures — " making the coun-
tenance sad, although they are not sick," — to
endeavour to draw the mind out into compa-
ny, under the plea that they have " low spi-
rits ;" that they are nervous, and that cheert'ul
companions will be good for them. In such a
state, " sorrow is better than laughter ; for by
the sadness of the countenance, the heart is
made better." In this newly awakened condi-
tion, the mind is very sensitive, and scruples
and doubts that older travellers have unhap-
pily got rid of, attend the minds of those just
starting in the Christian race. Let no one
say these are delusions or unnecessary troubles
— they are providential guards, and under their
ntluence the susceptible soul is led very softly
along. This is Bethel, " the place where
God met them at the beginning." Oh, that
we might all know a frequent returning
thither. The individual who knows no " go-



ing back to his hornbook," must be emi-
nently blest, or awfully mistaken !

The example of parents is very narrowly
scrutinized by children, when very young in
years; and thoughtless fathers and mothers
are often stumbling blocks, when they do not
suppose that any observing eye is upon them.
Who cannot look back to days of early child-
hood, and remember incidents, that all time's
attrition has failed to erase from memory's
calendar ? Yet how do we forget these things,
and act before our children as though they
failed to observe !

What is the eSect of some of the practices
in which children are indulged by parents?
let us look at one. If in early years instru-
ments of music are tolerated in Friends'
houses, and are the companions of youth, to
amuse in hours of vacancy, or to lull in mo-
ments of tribulation — a kind of opiate when
anxious moods are gathering — shall we won-
der that when the hand of judgment is laid
upon the transgressing nature, and their rests
are in mercy broken, that that which has
given oblivious sleep to other pangs, should be
sought to in this? and that the startled mind
should mingle religious resolutions, and the
melodies of the quire in the lullaby of pro-
fessed devotion ? The activity of outward
doings, and the soothings of graceful orator}'
and harmonious sounds, may co-operate in
compounding a passable religionist for the
world's show ; but what a superficial, what a
polite, what a worldly minded Christian!
The extacy produced by music is utterly at
variance with spiritual worship — we should
" pray with the Spirit, and with the under-
standing also." Such excitation is of a kin to
that produced by ardent spirits, or the dreamy
paradise of the opium eater. It can lull wild
beasts, and it fell soothingly upon the insanity
of King Saul, but in spiritual worship, rt is
something worse than idle. In the imposing
spectacles of the Jewish ceremonies of types,
shadows and forms, it had its place with
other things, " because of the hardness of
their hearts;" but in the religion of the Me-
diator it has no part. Among the people
upon whom the woe was pronounced by Joel,
were those " that chaunt to the sound of the
viol, and make to themselves instruments of
music like David ;" " but they are not grieved
for the affliction of Joseph." The very pur-
pose of music is to soothe or animate, in either
ease producing a stale of mind at variance
with that in which we can hope to ctimmune
with Him who dwelleth with the lowly, and
with those who are " waiting for him," — a
prerequisite for which is to learn to " be still."
" Be still ! and know that I am God." !■



From an inward purifying, and steadfast
abiding under the operations of the Holy Spi-
springs a lively operative desire for the
good of others. All the faithful are not
called to the public ministry ; but whoever
are, are called to minister of that which they
have tasted and handled spiritually. The
outward modes of worship are various ; but,
wherever any are true ministers of Jesus
Christ, it is from the operation of his Spirit



240

upon their hearts, first purifying thejii, and
tlius giving tlieni a just sense of the conditions
of others."



Agricultural Anecdote. — A knowledge of
the habits of animals is somelimes of great
service, even in the saving of cities. James,
in his recent history of the Black Prince,
gives an amusing instance of this in the de-
fence of Rennes, a town of Brittany, besieged
by the Duke of Lancaster. In order to ertect
the surrender of the place, the Duke enforced
a strict blockade, which soon reduced the gar-
rison to great straits ; but he knew they woidd
hold out to the last extremity, and determined
to try a trick of war. For this purpose he
drew" oft' his soldiers, as if he had left the
place, and formed an ambuscade in some
bushes behind the town. He then caused a
number of hogs to be turned loose in the plain,
in the hope that the starving garrison would
rush out for the prize. But they understood
his trick, and turned it to their own ad\ antage.
They opened one of the sally-ports, and hung
up a young sow by the hind legs to the lintel.
She of course made a great outcry, and the
hogs came rushing up to the place from whence
the noise proceeded ; she was then cut down
and driven through one of the streets, and
furced to keep up her music. The soldiers
sprang up from their ambuscade, in order to
try and if possible prevent this unlooked for
termination of their experiment ; but James
says, the hogs, with that intuitive perception
of the way their masters do not wish them to
go, which has ever marked their nature, went
rushing tuniultuously into the town, and af-
forded the garrison very seasonable relief. —
Cabinet.



Onion.i. — If onions be planted in the same
hill with vines, it is said they will protect the
latter from the depredations of the striped
bujr. — Farmers' Cabinet.



THE FKIE.ND.



were appointed oflicers



THS rRIEND.



FOURTH MOISTH, 22, 1843.



Of ou? Yearly Meeting, which commenced
on Second day last, we shall, at the present,
merely observe, that up to the time when this
paper goes to press, (Fifth-day, the 20th,) its
several sittings have been attended with £
degree of interest and solemnity seldom ex
ceeded, the number in attendance, both men
and women, being large. A more particular
account of its proceedings may be looked for
in our next number.

The annual meeting of the Contributors to
Friends' Asylum, for the relief of persons de-
prived of the use of their reason, occurred on
the 15th of last month. The proceedings of
the Board of Managers, including their annual
report, as also that of the Physicians, were
read, and were satisfactory. The former of
these reports we have inserted on another



page. The following
for the ensuing year : —

Clerk of the Contributors. — Samuel Mason,
No. 68 ISorth Seventh street.

Treasurer. — Isaiah Hacker, No. 112 South
Third street.

Clerk of the Board of Managers. — Samuel
Betlle, Jr., No. 26 South Front street.

Attending Physician. — Dr. Charles Evans,
No. 201 Arch street.

Resident Physician. — Dr. Joshua H. Worlh-
ington.

Superintendents. — Philip Garrett and Su-
san Barton,

Managers. — Joel Woolman, Isaiah Hack-
er, John G. Hoskins, William Hillis, Morde-
cai L. Dawson, George R. Smith, George G.
NV'illiams, Samuel Bettle, Jr., Thomas Evans,
Jerenjiah VVillits, John Elliott, James R.
Greaves, Isaac Davis, Joseph Scaltergood,
Charles Ellis, Jeremiah Hacker, Josiah Daw-
son, Benjamin Albertson, Blakey Sharpless,
Benjamin H. Warder.

THE MORAL ALMANAC.

The Moral Almanac for 1844, it is expect-
ed, will be published early in the ensuing
summer. The Calendar will be calculated
for the meridian of Philadelphia, Boston, and
Cincinnati. Friends in different places would
do well to endeavour to interest store-keepers
in their respective neighbourhoods in the sale
of this, in preference to other Almanacs ; and

here it is likely a considerable number can
thus be disposed of, inform the Tract Asso-
ciation, through its agent, George W.Taylor.
This should be done as speedily as possible, as
the size of the edition printed will depend on
the orders received. The price will be as
heretofore, $2 25 per gross

WEST NOTTINGHAM SCHOOL,

For Girls.

The summer terra of this institution will
commence on Second-day the 1st of Fifth
mo. next. The course of instruction com-
prises the usual branches of a solid English
education. The price for boarding and tui-
tion per quarter, of twelve weeks, is twenty-
three dollars ; stationery furnished at the cus-
tomary prices. Apply to the proprietor,
Rising Sun, P. O., Cecil county, Md. Refer
to Samuel Alsop, Philadelphia; John P. Bal-
derston, Baltimore, or D. Griscom, West
G rove.

The situation is healthy, and is nine miles
from Cecil Depot, on the Philadelph



Arch, at 7 o'clock in the morning. It is re-
quested that (he names of such as vkish to avail
themselves of this opportunity, be timely en-
tered in a book provided for the purpose, at
the office.

Hughes Bf.ll.
Philadelphia, Fourth mo. 19th, 1843.

A stated meeting of the Female Branch of
the Auxiliary Bible Association of Friends of
Philadelphia Quarterly Meeting, will be held
at the Committee-room, at the Bible Deposi-
tory, on the afternoon of Fifth-day, the 27th
of Fourth month, at 4 o'clock.

TO RENT.

A commodious house, with stable, garden,
&c., situated on the Columbia rail-road, oppo-
site to Haverford School. A Friend's fanuly
would be preferred, and it is thought to be a
good situation for takin



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 89 of 154)