Robert Smith.

The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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fathers. Let industry and economy be your
watchword, and let it be practically seen and
felt in your household. Work less land, and
take better care of what you make. Make an
annual investment in the improvement of your
farms. Let us give up the fashion of selling
nothing that we can consume, but rather lei
us waste, or prodigally consume, nothing we
can sell. By such radical changes in our
course of life, and in our system of farming,
that peace and plenty, that contentment and
comfort, that ease and happiness, which is our
birthright as tillers of the soil, will again
revisit our home, and the bright sun of pros-
perity will again shine over old Maryland in
all its wonted eHulgence, and light up with
happy smiles the countenances of her inde-
pendent sons, and her beauteous daughters."



Great Britain. — Antarctic Expedition. —
By the arrival of Lieutenant McMurdo, of the
'J error, from the Falkland Islands, very grati-
fying news has been received of the expedi-
tion under Captain James Ross. Lieutenant
McMurdo, it may be remembered, is the offi-
cer who was locked up with Captain Back,
near Southampton Island, when they went in
search of the missing Sir John Ross in the
Arctic Seas. He reports that all the objects
undertaken by our far more eminent and dis-
tinguished commander. Captain James Ross,
and his associates, have been triumphantly
accomplished. The Terror, and Erebus Cap-
lain Crozier, proceeded on their second voyage
southward; and keeping nearly between the
same meridians as before, 17 7° to 180~, again
examined the lands discovered the preceding
season, and which terminated in a lofty moun-
tain. ^Ve believe that in this course they
ascertained the magnetic pole where it was
anticipated, and pursued their perilous way
till they penetrated to the highest southern
latitude ever seen by mortal eye, namely, the
eightieth degree ! ! ! Capt. Weddcl, we think,
arrived at somewhere about four degrees short
of this extraordinary achievement, and went
out on his bowsprit, that he might say he



had been further south than any other human
being.



A Beautiful Thought. — Some, admiring
what motives to mirth infants meet with in
their silent, solitary smiles, have resolved,
how truly I know not, that then ihey converse
with angels; as, indeed, such cannot, among
mortals, find any fitter companions.



The following is from the State Gazette of
Prussia:— "Of the 476,386 inhabitants of St.
Petersburgh, there are 20,000 more men than
women. There are in the capital, 1,123 ec-
clesiastics, 1,232 general oflicers, 12,474
foreigners, and 2^8 actors and actresses. The
number of houses is 8,665, of which 6,405
are built of wood. There are 41 chyniisis,
four foundling hospitals, five charilable insti-
tutions, 33 government, and 37 private prinl-
ing-ofiices, 2,572 shops, and of these 181 are
milliners and dress-makers, 38 confectioners,
92 taverns, and 191 bakers. There are 4,411
street-lamps, of which 144 are lighted by
gas, 304 police stations, about 8,000 car-
riages, 11,000 hackney-coaches, and 36,000
horses."



Many of the class Entozoa resist the action
of boiling- water for several minutes, and some-
times come to table with the fishes Ihey have
infested, actuall}' moving on the dish ; and in
the north of Europe still continue to live in
fish which have been frozen, for a considera-
ble time. — Lancet.



Of all sights which can soften and human-
ise the heart of man, there is none that oui^ht
so surely to reach it as that of innocent chil-
dren enjoying the happiness which is their
proper and natural portion Southy.

Seek not proud riches, but such as thou
mayest get justly, use soberly, distribute cheer-
fully, and leave contentedly. — Bacon.



DiKD, at Hamillon, Madis



nnly,



ate of New



York, on the 3Uth of Tenth month lasl, at Ihe house
his father, Zrbulon Weaver, Isaac Weaver, in the 33d
year of his age ; a member of Smyrna Monthly Meet-
ing.

, on tlie morning of the I2lh instanl, John

LrxcH WORTH, a beloved minister of the gos|iel of this
city, in the eiglity-fiflh year of his age. For a consid-
erable time his bodily posvers appeared to be gradually
weakening, giving notice that tiiehour of his departure
was at liand. Tu one who rccenily queried with hiin
how he fell, he replied, " I am quietly waiting my
change." To some female friends who called lo see
him, he said, " 1 want to slide quietly away." A few
days previous to his close, he sank into a leliiargic state,
appearing to take no notice of passing events, but on
the day preceding his death, these symptoms left him ;
and although his utterance was somewhat impaired, his
intellectual powers were clear ; and to those who sur-
rounded his bed, he imparted very suitable counsel, and
expressed his afTectiunatc solicitude for absent pcrs(,ns,
for whom his mind had been often concerned. The
next morning about 4 o'clock he gently passed away
without a struggle. Of him it might be truly said,
" Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile." He
was very careful in the exercise of his gift, thai words
should not continue when the fountain ceased to flow.
He hud been a minister about forty-one years.



For " Tbe Friend."
TUOMAS SHILLITOE.

(Concluded from page 239.)

[After attending Indiana Yearly Meeting in
the autumn of 1828, T. Shillitoe proceeded
towards North Carolina.]

Fifth-day morning, we again pursued our
journey, crossed tiie Ohio river in a horse-
boat, and landed in Kentucky, a slave-holding
state ,• on which my feelings were awakened
to a thankful sense of being no man's slave.
On Second-day morning, about half a mile
out of Mount Vernon, we had a considerable
mountain to ascend, and, to make it more
easy of access, bodies of trees were laid from
the foot to the summit; a heavy fall of rain
in the night, and a very large drove of fat
hogs which preceded us, had occasioned the
road to be very slippery ; on reaching about
half way up the mountain, our carriage ran
back, our horses turned round, and turned the
carriage off the road into a hole about three
feet deep, amongst the rocks ; I was favoured
to escape unhurt, although in the carriage :
we managed to get it brought on the road
again, and pursuing our journey, reached the
top of the mountain in safety. This morning
we were met by a company of slaves, some of
them heavily loaded with irons, singing as they
passed along; this, we were informed, was an
etfort to drown the suffering of mind they
were brought into, by leaving behind them
wives, children, or other near connections,
and never likely to meet again in this world.
A short time after we met another company
one respectable-looking, rather well-dressed
slave, attracted my attention; his hand was
grasping the hand of a fine looking girl, about
fourteen years of age, his countenance appear-
ed very dejected and melancholy. I was led
to conclude, from the affection with which he
appeared to treat the girl, that she must be his
child, whom, in all probability, he expected
soon to be compelled to part with for life.
After this came two wagons, in which they
were conveying some who were not able to
walk, also the children, all going to be sold at
a market, like cattle. It being time for us to
bait our horses, whilst they were feedino-, I
walked to some distance from our tavern, and
observed a handsome carriage standing, which
I supposed belonged to a pedler, as it appeared
to be loaded with coarse woollen goods; I ad-
dres.sed myself to the owner of the carrian-e,
telling him he had a load of more bulk than
weight ; on which he replied, his carriage con-
tained the clothing of the company of slaves
we had passed on the road, of which he was
the owner, saying, he was seeking a market
where he might dispose of them to the best
advantage. I told him his business was a very
bad one, and that a day of reckoning would
come in which he would have to account to his
Maker for his conduct towards these poor
creatures. He replied, he believed so too, but
said, I have them, and what am I to do with
them? I told him, I believed, were I in his
situation, my duty would point out to me the
necessity of liberating them; and if it were
not in my power to do it in any otiier way, to
sell all ray goods and chattels, and part with



THE FRIEND.

the last cent I had, to assist them in getting
to a free country. To which he replied, it was
a bad trade, and he wished it was wholly done
away with, I told him to consider, that same
Almighty Power which created him, created
the coloured people; and I asked him, should
his wife and children be torn from him, as
these poor creatures had been torn from their
near connections, how would he feet under the
like circumstances? He replied, he should feel
it a hard case. I told him he had better d
poor than amass wealth by such means as he
was aiming to get it by. 1 then made inquiry
into the situation of the respectable coloured
man I had seen with the other slaves ; he in
formed me that this man had left behind him
a wife and children, the property of another
slave-holder. When he took his leave of me.
he said, he hoped he should remember the
remarks I had made to him.

[The conclusion of the life of T. S. as given
in " The Friends' Library" is as follows : — ]

Our friend Thomas Shillitoe, after his re-
turn from America, continued to reside at
fottenham, near London, until the close of
his life. It does not appear that he left home
gain with certificate in the work of the minis-
try ; but he was remarkably diligent in at-
tending our religious meetings, both in his
own village, and, when able, those held in
London, on behalf of the Society at large. He
was an eminent example of perseverance in
ttending meetings for Divine worship, even
when under much bodily suffering, as well as
of punctuality to the time appointed. One
day, when much worn down by disease, on
going to meeting, it was observed to him, had
he not better stay at home, as he appeared so
poorly? He replied, " No, I believe it is re-
quired of me to go, as long as I can ; when I
cannot walk, my friends must carry me."*
Less than two weeks previous to his decease,
he attended, under great weakness, the con-
cluding sitting of the Yearly Meeting of min-
isters and elders in 1836.

While our dear friend was diligently en-
gaged in his Master's service, in what might
be considered the work of the evening, with
the sincere desire and endeavour to finish his
day's work in the day, his spirit was oft.
clothed with mourning, on account of the i
roads which the enemy of all righteousness
was permitted to make within our borders,
and to overthrow the faith of some. At this
period of trial and of proving, he was often con.
cerned, as a faithful watchman on the walls, to
sound an alarm, to warn his friends of the
near approach of the enemy, and to encourage
them to be unmoved, and steadfast in " the
faith once delivered unto the saints." On one
occasion, about this time, whilst encouraging
to faithfulness, and signifying his intentio'n to
attend at his post of duty so long as strength
remained, he added, in a solemn mann^er,
these words: "My Master's orders are—
' Watchmen, be at your posts.'" Thus did
he endeavour to stir up his brethren to dili-
nee, to strengthen the weak hands amongst



* He resided withi

lg-hoU6C.



I two or three doors of the meet.



245

them, and to confirm the feeble-minded, some
of whom can now arise and call him blessed ;
whilst he did not fail to raise his warning
voice against the spirit of the world, as well
as the delusions of the wicked one, by which
too many have been induced to forsake some
of those Christian testimonies and principles
held amongst us as a Society from the begin-
ning. His faith was firm and unshaken, that
the Lord, in his own time, would be pleased
to cause, not only the recent, but the desola-
tions of many generations to be repaired ; and,
he said, " I believe the latter house will be
greater than the former."

Having been favoured to experience, through
the good hand of his God upon him, that he
could do all things required of him, through
Christ, who strengthened him, he was fre-
quently engaged to press upon others the ne-
cessity for, and benefit of, perfect obedience to
the revealed will of the Most High ; that thus
all might become, like Caleb and Joshua of
old, of whom it is recorded, that they had
" wholly followed the Lord."

The afllicted and the poor continued to share
in his sympathy, and labours of love; his ex-
ertions on behalf of the latter class, in his
own village, were conspicuous, even to within
a short period of his decease. Havin" raised
a subscription among his wealthier friends and
neighbours, to provide more comfortable ar-
rangements for the poor inmates in the alms-
houses at Tottenham, he attended to the out-
lay, and sometimes personally inspected the
progress of the work ; and shortly before his
decease, he had the satisfaction of visiting the
houses on the eve of their completion ; when
he said, the retrospect of his interest therein
was very consoling to his feelings.

On one occasion, a few months before his
departure, at a time when our faithful minis-
ters were exposed to much gainsaying, and
"perverse things" were spoken unjustlyagainst
them, he expressed himself with much tender-
ness of spirit, to a friend who had called upon
him, in the following terms ; at the same time,
adding, that such had been his sentiments,
during the whole course of his religious life.
" I feel that I have nothing to depend upon,
but the mercies of God in Christ Jesus. I do
not rely for salvation upon any merits of my
own ; all my own works are as filthy rags :—
my faith is in the merits of Christ Jesus, and
in the offering he made for us. I trust my
past sins are all forgiven me, — that they have
been washed away by the blood of Christ, who
died for my sins. It is mercy I want, and
mercy I have ; and notwithstanding I thus
speak, I am sensible that I must not presume
upon this mercy ; but it is only as I endeavour,
through Divine a.ssistance, to walk circum-
spectly, that I can hold out to the end."

He was taken more alarmingly ill on the 5lh
of the Sixth month, 1636; and"his sufferings
from bodily debility became very great. He
supplicated that his faculties might remain
clear to the very last, and that he might praise
his Maker with his last breath. " I desire,"
he added, "with truth and sincerity of heart,
to say,—' Thy will be done.' O ! that I could
get within the pearl gales— just within the
pearl gates."



246 __,,_^^^

Early in the morning of the next day he
became much worse from debility, and his
breathing being difficult, he said, " ll is labour,
but not sorrow. Oh ! deliver me, il consist-
ent with thy blessed will. I am in the hands
of a merciful God :— take me; I can give up
all in this world. Oli ! come, come, blessed
.Tesus ! if it is consistent with thy blessed will.
Into thy careful keeping— into thy mercilul
hands— I commit my dear children, and my
dear triandchildren,— all-merciful !"

After sleeping comfortably the following
night, he said, " Oh ! be pleased to presene
me in patience,— waiting, waiting. Oh ! Di-
vine mercy, send, O send, it consistent with
thy holy will, send my rol '■"- ' •"'" '

in thv arms, and carry



lease. Oh !
e— \)cai



THE FIIIEND.

About ten o'clock at night, he said, " I have
been helped through many a trying night."
And again, about three o'clock in the morn-
ing, after having had some sleep, " I have
passed a better night than I could have ex-
pected, but it has been through my dear Re-
deemer sustaining me. I hope 1 am kept
from murmuring : 1 desire cheerful submis-
sion, for I cannot help myself, nor can any
man help me. Oh I the balm — the oil poured
into my wounds for my short-comings. I de-
sire to submit, and say, ' thy blessed will be
done.' "

On being taken worse, he said, " Oh ! surely
this is death ; I thank thee for it."

Seventh-day morning, on inquiring the day
(if the week, and beintr told the morrow would



feel aetlinT weaker and weaker ;— the thread j be First-dav, he said, "The whole day to be
^ °- ■ " devoted to the service of God. I will try to



will presently untwist.

" Oh ! Heavenly Father, be pleased, it con-
sistent with thy blessed will, to say— 'This is
enouah.' Send, send, Oh ! merciful Father,
help,°that I may not let go my confidence.
Oh ! assist me in your prayers, that I may be
released from the shackles of mortality. Oh !
lake me, holy Jesus, I pray thee, to thyself.
Oh ! have mercy ! have mercy !"

He afterwards said, " My love is to every
body— tlie wicked and all ; I love then,, but
not' their ways. Oh! for patience, for pa-
tience,— no murmuring,— no complaining— •
but cheerful submission. Oh ! Lord Jesus !
have mercv on me. Son of David! have
mercy on me. 1 truly know sorrow, as to the
body, but not as to the mind. My head
aches, hut not mv heart. What am I better
than olher men? But now I shall have to ap-
,)ear, to answer for my precious time; what
have 1 done that 1 should not have done, and
left undone that I should have done?

To his medical attendant he said, « Does
there seem any probability of a speedy re-
lease 7 1 will take any thing m moderation,
that will not aflect my' intellect. I want to go
out of the world will, a clear head, and a clean
heart Oh ! bear with me, if I am impatient ;
the restlessness of the body, but not ot the
mind, you can have no conception of. I erfect
obedience to our Heavenly Father, as made
known in the secret of the heart,— this is the
faith contended for."

Third-day, addressing his wife, he said :
" I should like us to lie down together, and be
buried in the same grave. Oh ! let it be
known, that 1 contend to the last with unie-
mittin.r confidence and assurance for the second
coming of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ
of the soul. Oh ! what should 1
tied to his



sing for mercy. Mine eyes have seen thy
salvation, and thy glory ; when shall I feel
thy presence? — My friends must not think
more highly of me than they ought to think;
if I have been any thing, it has been of grate,
not oC merit." He many times requested that
patience might be granted him, and desired a
Friend who visited hira, to be valiant in the
earth.

On receiving a message of love from a
Friend, he again said, his " love was to every
body, all the world over, even the worst sin-
ner, he loved them, but not their deeds ; —
that this love was universal, to all the human
race ;" and added, " if it were not so, how
miserable indeed should I feel. Oh ! holy,
blessed Jesus," he exclaimed, " be with me m
this awful moment. Come ! oh ! come, and
receive me to thyself; and, of thine own free
mercy, in thine own time, admit me into thy
heavenly kingdom I"

It is believed his supplication, that his facul-
ties might remain clear to the last, was mer-
jcitully granted; though he was not able to
rticulate for the last two hours. About two
o'clock on First-day morning, he was moved
into a more comfortable position, after which
he became faint, and from that time gradually
sank away ; so that those about him could
only discover by close watching, when he
ceased to breathe.

He died on the twelfth day of the Sixth
month, 1836, aged about eighty-two years;
and his remains were interred m Friends
burying-ground at Tottenham, on the seven-
teeuth of the same, after a very solemn meet-
ing.



to the saving

have been now, if 1 had not suli
baptism, to the baptism of fire ?'
he said, "Ami not weakening fast? Dr. H
replied, " 1 fear thou art." He replied. Oh!
do not fear, but rejoice, rejoice, on my ac-
count. Oh ! pray for me, with mo, that my
faith fail not. Oh ! good Lord Jesus! cast a
crumb of help, and deliver me. I eamesily
pray to thee to come; come quickly, it 1 dare
lay claim to be thy servant." .

On inquiring the day of the week, and being
told it was Fiflh-dav, half-past ten o clock, he
said, " Friends are at meeting ; I^ hope they
will be benefitted by being there."



are the dead, which die in the
Lord ;— yea, saith the Spirit, that they may
Vo Dr. H., I rest from their labours; and their works do
follow them."



Let us constantly dwell under a truly con-
scientious and religious concern, that in all
our dealings among men, we be strictly just
and honest, and that the whole course ol our
conduct and conversation in this world, may



demonstrate that we are m
the sincere and humble follo'
of Jesus Christ. See 1 Pet.
From Epistle of 1756.



deed and in truth
icrs and disciples
ii. 21,22, 23.



For " The friend."

THE YEARI-Y JIEETlfiG.

On Seventh-day, the 15th instant, the Yearly
Meeting of Ministers and Elders met; and ou
Second-day following the Meeting for Discip-
line convened. A very large number of
Friends atlended ; and from silting to sitting
there was experienced that covering of good,
which is not at our command, giving evidence
that He who is the Helper of his people, had
condescended in adorable inercy to be the
crown and diadem of our assembly. One of
our ancient worthies acknowledged, that of
the tifly-two Yearly Meetings wliich he had
attended, he believed the present to have been
the most favoured, such a solemnity having
been vouchsafed to the periods of silent wail-
ing, and such an evidence accompanying the
harmonious movements of the body.

Epistles from all the Yeaily Meetings on
this conlinent, and those of London and Dub-
lin were read. They showed that amidst
weakness and deficiencies, there were iu all
places a remnant preserved, who were con-
cerned touplujld the doctrines and testimonies
of our Society ; and that however scattered
and weighed down, the true burden bearers
were united in the fellowship of suffering,
being banded into that oneness which is known
in Christ the Seed : " One Lord, one faith,
and one baptism." " Speaking the same lan-
guage, and minding the same thing."

It appeared that our representatives, the
Meeting for SufTeriiigs, had been perseveringly
enaaged during the past year in attending to
the concerns of Society. They had received
from the similar meeting of Indiana an Epis-
tle, conveying the sorrowful intelligence, that
a spirit of self-activity had given rise to a se-
paration in their limits; a portion of their
members having seceded, and formed an Asso-
ciation, styled '■ The Indiana Yearly Meeting
of Anti-Slavery Friends;" who, in a declara-
tion published on the occasion, untruly charged
Friends with apathy on the subject of slavery,
and with prescriptive measures, &c.

The subject of slavery had occupied much
of the time of our Meeting for Suflerings.
They had memorialized the Pennsylvania Le-
gislature, desiring the passage of an act, to
protect the free people of colour from kidnap-
ping, to which they would be increasingly
liable in consequence of a recent decision of
the Supreme Court. A collection of ex-
tracts from the laws of Delaware, and statis-
ics in relation to slavery in that state, had
been made, to be hereafter used. A very
interesting account of the abolition of slavery
in our Society, of considerable length, and
instructively minute in some of its particulars,
had been prepared with much labour. It
hecran with the concern of George Fo.x and
wTlliam Edmunston, in the early days of our
Society, and traced, step by step, the progress
of the concern in Philadelphia, New England,
New York, and Virginia Yearly Meetings.
Friends first enjoined the Christian treatment
and instruction of slaves ; then forbad their
importation ; then their purchase ; their sale ;
then prohibited any members from holding
their fellow-men in involuntary servitude;



THE FRIEND.



247



then recommended a recompense to be made
to those who had been set free, for the time
they had been held after legal age. It was
not until all these points iiad been accomplish-
ed, when their own hands were washed, — that
they felt at liberty to memorialise the legisla-
tures on their account. By patient labours of
love these etiects were brought about, very few
having to be disowni^d fur withstanding the
judgment of the body : — and the whole was
carried on under a deep sense of religious
obligation — the only ground on which our
Society can move. The history was directed
to be printed.

They had also prepared a document of
great importance and interest, plainly and
clearly setting forth some of the fundamental



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 91 of 154)