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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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Mnnlhly Meeting, Burlinglon county, N. J. Her fa.
niily and friends have deeply to feel ihiir bercavemi nt
in the removal of this dear friend, seeii.g there are so
lew on whom Ihe weight devolves, and believing that
through best help, she was preparing for increased use-
fulness in the church, when it pleased her Divine Mts-
ler to take her to himself.

, on the Hlh of the Fourth month, at the house

of her uncle, Nathun Middielon, at Concord, Delaware
county, Pa., ttHF" Jefferis, aged 3i years; a inin-
isler of the wf^^' '" t''^ Society of Friends, and a
member of liii-iningham Monthly Meeting. She was
one who feared the Lord fioni her childhood, and was
much devoted to the service of her Divine Master. On
visiting an intimate friend a short time before the com-
mencement of her lust illness, she remarked, that she
had had some very peculiar leelings lately in looking to
the future, and was ready lo think her day's work was
nearly done. She went to Concord on the 16ih ol the
Second month, expecting to aUend the Quarterly Meet-
ing, but was attacked that night with liemorrhage of
the lungs. Although the discharge ceased in a few
days, it iell her in a debilitated st..te,aiid she was con-
fined to the house frem that lime lo her close. Duriujj
the time of her sickness, she acknowledged to an inti-
mate friend that she hbd experienced a season of great
poverty and strippedness ; and added, " It was calculated
to make ihc creature leel of but little moment in its
own estimation, and lo lead lo an entire dependence on
Christ Jesus, our Saviour, who hath justly declared,
' without me ye can do nothing.' " Alluding lo the alarm-
ing nature of the hemorrhage, she remarked, " It was a
season demanding faith ; but 1 was favoured wilh com-
posure, knowing 1 was in tlie hands of a merciful Re-
deemer, who » oiild do right ; and although I now seem
recovering, 1 neither look forward nor antiripate, but
desire to live one day at a time." Alter making some
lurther remarks respecting her silualion, she observed,
" 1 remember the query, ' Are not five sparrows sold lor
two farthings, and not one of them is Ibrgoltcn before
God :' this causes mc to trust in Him, who has said,
' Fear not, for 1 am with thee; be not dismayed, for I
am thy God.' 1 wish ever to be preserved from repin-
ing, and can say. Surely goodness and mercy have fol-
lowed mc unto ihis day." She was preserved in much
patience and resignation, and it was evident that her
reliance was upon her Creator and Redeemer, and that
she was waiting for the final change. The afternoon
preceding her decease, she sat up, and was engaged in
reading for a considerable time. About ten o'clock her
illness increased; soon after which she was audibly
engaged in supplication. A few minutes aficr midnight
she quiclly passed away, ns we believe, to Ihe everlast-
ing inheritance. Her surviving friends feel the con-
soling assurance that, through redeeming love and mer-
cy, llic language spoken to l\w Aposllc John in Patinos
is applicable to her ; " 1 heard a voice from heaven say-
ing unto me. Write, Blessed are the dead which die in
the Lord from hencelbrth; yea, saith the Spirit, that
they may rcsl from their labours, and their works do
follow them."

, on the 26th ult., after a short illness, Jane B.

Haines, widow of the late Reuben Huines, of German-



J



THE FRIEND.



261



HANNAH BOMXY.

Hannah Bowly was the daughter of Dan-
iel and Sarah Bowly, of Cirencester, in which
place she was born, in the year 1763. In the
early part of her life, and as she was advan-
cing to her twentieth year, she seemed much
inclined to reject the simple attire of a Friend;
and having about this time a visit to Bristol in
prospect, she provided herself with gayerappa-
rel tliaa she had been accustomed to wear. But
in Bristol her career of vanity received a check
and her mind was favoured with religious im-
pressions, by means of the ministry of Robert , ,. ,, ,
Valentine, of Pennsylvania. Her gay attire ' mamlestat.ons ot duty,

was soon laid aside, and she became a cunsis- |*f "* ''''^' ''^^^^ ''''" ''^f "^ "P°" '"^ ; but now
tent and conspicuous example in her father's ! ''^^ ^^^"\ removed. By resisting secret ap-
family. She remained at home during the l"''''^^"''*"' " 'V'"''P°"'*' ''"'' *''^''" "'^ ^''"^^
lives of both her parents; but soon after the I "','"'^*^""g'*' \ ''«,^« sometimes involved my-
decease of her mother and surviving parent,!"^" '" ""*l"^^'^'''''^S"oo'n. and incurred weak
she resided a while with a brother; and after-
wards with a niece, wiio, jointly with another i ... , ., ,-
friend, kept a school fur girls in Cirencester. I °''r'^'*^"*=*=V ! "'"^ P°'f' ^'^ T °^'""' ''■'"'^''' ''
After some time, the school was given up, but f ''°' ^"'} ^"f, ?" ''"H^f '," 'h^ «*""« ^^«y. «
she still remained on the spot, till, on the de-|''"Pt^ ''''°"''' ^^ '^»"hf"l, but never forward.

,. I .!,„_ K„c.„ ..,.,„. :„„„j /...I, I i'ly heait seems now remarkably bciund to tlie

willing in Israel. I hope impressions received



she was at times much tried for want of that
assurance, for which she earnestly waited ; and
in attaining which, she was in mercy enabled
to say, " I can now call God, Father." It was
under great depression that once she said,
" My mind seems to partake with my body in
weakness ;' and that she repeated those awful
words, " My God, my God, why hast thou
forsaken me?" " This," said she, "was the
language of the Saviour; and 1 suppose this
deprivation is needful to complete the cup
here." She confessed to a relation, that she
had to regret the not having attended to some
These onriissions,'



sell

ness many ways. I might not now have been

in this situation, if I had given up in simple



cease of her brother before mentioned (wh
she tenderly and closely attended in his illness)
she at length finally settled for the short re-
mainder of her life, in the habitation from
which death had removed him.

Before a survey is taken of the closing days
of this Friend, it will be useful further to re-
mark, that by nature her temper was high and
inflexible. Of the effects of Divine grace it is
not, probably, for man to say which is the
greatest; his limited capacity should make
him cautious in judging. But it may possibly
be said without presumptii'n, the redemption
generally appears to have a brightness, propor-
tioned to the previous bondage. Nor is th
confession of what she was in her nature, dero-
gatory to her character; since she willingly
yielded herself up to follow a meek and hum-
ble Saviour, when she perceived upon her mind
the attractions of his love. It may also convey
encouragement to others, who think they feel
their owa complexions, and tempers, unfavour-
able to the growth of that true Christian hu-
mility, which their enlightened judgment
approves and desires, if the triumph of grace
be here more fully set forth, by the knowledge
of what it had to overcome.

Hannah Bowly was taken ill on the last
day of the year 1806, with a sudden and very
considerable discharge of blood, supposed to
arise from the rupture of some vessels in the
lungs. She was almost immediately confined
to her bed, which she kept for the most part
during three months. Towards, however, the
latter part of this time, symptoms of amend-
ment appeared, and she was able to remain up
some hours of each day ; till at length one
forenoon as she was preparing to sit up, an-
other violent discharge of blood look place,
which seemed to suffocate her, and she ex-
pired. Her decease was in her forty-fourth
year, on the twenty-first of the Third month,
1807.

The retired state of her mind during the
intervening time was very instructive; and
bespoke her reliance on the same Divine pow-
er that had visited her in more early life. But



at this time will be so indelibly fixed, as to
produce submission to any service that may be
pointed out as duty, should my life be length-
ened ; for which I have no desire, but to
evince myself more zealously bound in heart
and mind, with those who are pursuing the
right way. But I know not how far I might
withstand the besetments, snares, and trials of
lime. I believe I should have as much need
of the prayers of my friends in life, as in death.
Perhaps some may think I am taken away
because more enveloped in the gratifications of
lime ; but they have not been such to me ; for
of late, in particular, surrounding things have
been more burdensome than pleasant. It now
affords me comfort, that I am conscious of not
intending to make a show with the addition to
my income, or spending it for self-gratifica-
tion ; but I designed applying it to useful pur-
poses, that would yield solid satisfaction. If
I were to live longer, and enjoy all the com-
forts of this life, I might not be more fit to
go, than now. I look back on all the accom-
modations of it, without any regret in leavin"
them."

At another time, she said, " Yesterday, I
anticipated (not with pleasure) a lengthened
illness; but the exertion of leaving my bed,
to have it made, in the evening, convinced me
of such increased weakness that I need not
fear a long continuance. I am very comfort-
able. How thankful I ought to be, for the
sweet support I feel ! I trust, death is now
robbed of its terrors; but not of its awful-
Mentioning once tiie opportunities of speak-
ing to divers of her friends, which she had had
uring her illness, she said, " I hope what I
have expressed will not do any harm, and
have not been words without knowledge ;
neither have I spoken from premeditation,
but simply from fresh arisings. If I could do
any thing to help those philosophers, who
believe, or try to believe, in the sufficiency of
reason for the guide of conduct, I should re-
joice to do it ; but such are not easily reached,



even by what is uttered from dying lips;
having fortified themselves against such com-
munications." A friend present asked her
whether she did not think examples of consis-
tent Christian conduct to be the most convin-
cing to such sort of people? She replied,
that she believed they were. At anQther
time, she observed, that the Holy Scriptures
were an invaluable treasure. " They have
many times," said she, " afiurded nie great
comfort ; and I regret not having read iheni
more. What beautiful, instructive passages
they contain ! I once had a sweet opening,
that was given me, I thought chiefly for en-
couraging iiistiuction to myself, that if I
yielded entire obedience to ijivine requirings,
swords should be beaten into ploughshares,
and spears into pruning hooks: those strong
powers and dispositions of the mind, compa-
rable to hurtful weapons, instead of being
destructive, should be so sanctified, as to be
turned into usefulness in the vineyard."

As her strength decreased, she was favour-
ed with great tranquillity of mind. Several
times she said, " I feel peaceful poverty." At
other times she abounded, by the prevalence
of a lively faith, which gave her ability to say,
" I feel unmoved confidence, supporting me,
and opening my prospects to brighter scenes."
Once she added, "I believe, however gloomy
and discouraging the appearance of things
relating to the stale of our Society may be,
that some will see brighter days; and that
its testimonies will continue to be maintained
by some, in their purity : and a succession of
those [will be] prepared, who will support the
ministry. I think the solicitude I now feel on
account of others, is not so much on account
of individuals, near connections, or families ;
but that the real right may increase and pre-
vail amongst Friends generally : true, right,
ancient simplicity."

She one night asked a Friend, who was sit-
ting up with her, whether she thought that
there would be, in a future stale, a knowledge
of each other; and remarked, that some were
of that opinion. But Hannah confessed the
question to be above her comprehension. She
said there was something pleasing and grati-
fying in it ; yet that she thought looking that
way was looking short of the one great object
of eternal enjoyment and adoration. She
thought that not to be the best aspiration of
soul which desired any felicity but that which
proceeds from the Divine presence.

Once, when very low in body, she was also
much contrited in mind, and said, " I feel
as unworthy to approach the throne of grace,
t is possible (or any poor mortal to feel.
So abased am I to dust and ashes, [that] the
reduction, the nothingness, I am brought into,
is not to bo described or conceived. It may
partly be occasioned by the connection of the
mind with the body. It is very trying and
proving to bear : bl|| may contribute to the
work of preparation for a triumphant end.
Though I have no cause to presume mine
will be evidently so, yet I am favoured with
a consoling, supporting hope, that, through
adorable mercy, 1 shall sing of victory here-
after."

She mentioned one day the saying of



262

Richard IIiiblKTiliornc,* one of our early
Friends, in his illness : " ' Out of this straight-
ness I must go ; fur I am wound up into large-
ness ; and am to be lifted up on high> far above
all.' With humble admiration," said she,
" for all boasting is excluded, it has seemed
to me that I can now adopt this expres-
sion."

The last instance wiiich it may be neces-
sary to give of her mind being fixed on the
Lord, may be tliat of her adopting the words
of a still more ancient servant, in his day ; and
whose writings the spiritual traveller still
feels fraught with consolation, when permitted
not merely to read, but to feel their energy.
Her mind seemed tenderly affected with the
incomes of the love of her God, and she said
that she had been thinking of some comfort-
able expressions of David. Then in a sweet
manner she repeated several. " Bless the
Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his bene-
fits : who forgiveth all thine iniquities, who
healeth all thy diseases, who redeemeth thy
life from destruction, who crowneth thee with
loving kindness and tender mercies."

Selected for " The Friend."
THE PROPHET AMOS.

Amos, the fourth of the minor prophets, be-
longed to tlie little town of Tekou in Judah.
There is no proof, however, that he was a na-
tive of this place, except his retirement there
when driven from Bethel. It is probable that
he was born in the territories of Israel, to
which his mission was ])rincipally directed.
He prophesied in Bethel, where the golden
calves were erected, under Jereboam II., and
Amaziah, high priest of Bethel, accused him
before the king, as conspiring against him.
Amos answered Amaziah, " I was no prophet,
neither was I a prophet's son ; but I was a
herdsman, and a dresser of sycamore fruit ;
and the Lord took me as I followed the flock,
and the Lord said unto me, go prophesy unto
my people Israel." He then retired into the
kingdom of Judah, and dwelt in Tekoa, where
he continued to prophesy. Amos complains
in many places of the violence ofl^ered to him,
to oblige him to silence, and bitterly exclaims
against the crying sins of the Israelites, such
as idolatry, oppression, wantonness and obsti-
nacy. Nor does he spare the sins of Judah,
such as their carnal security, sensuality and
injustice. He utters frequent threatenings
against them both, and predicts their ruin. It
is observable in this prophecy, that as it he-
gins with denunciations of judgment and des-
truction against the Syrians, Philistines, Ty-
rians, and other enemies of the Jews, so it
concludes with comfortable promises of the
restoration of the tabernacle of David, and the
establishment of the kingdom of Ciirist.

" Behold the days come, saith the Lord,

• R. Ilubbcrtliornc dind in legate in tlie year 16G2,
whither he hod been commilted, after some personal
abuse by a persecuting alderman, in consequence of
being taken up at the Bull-and-Moulh Meeting. The
prison was then crowded with Friends, and the noisome
confincnienl probably occasioned not only tliis Fiiend's
djolh, but that of his fcllow-priaoner, Edward Bur-
rough.— Set Semcfl's History— Anno. 1662.



THE FRIE.^D.



that the plowman shall overtake the reaper,
and the treader of grajies, him that sowelh
seed; and the mountains shall drop sweet
wine, and all the hills shall melt. And 1 will
bring again the captivity of my people of Is-
rael, and they shall build the waste cities and
inhabit them ; and they shall plant vineyards
and drink the wine thereof; they shall also
make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. And
I will plant them upon their land, and they
shall no more be pulled up out of their land
which I have given them, saith the Lord thy
God."

Amos was called to the prophetic office in
the time of Uzziah, King of Judah, and Jero-
boam, the son of Josiah, King of Israel. Some
writers in adverting to the condition of Amos,
have, with a minute aflfectation of criticism,
pretended to discover a certain rudeness and
vulgarity in his style ; and even Jerome is of
opinion that he is deficient in magnificence
and sublimity. He applies to him the words
Paul speaks of himself, that he was rude in
speech though not in knowledge ; and " his
authority has influenced many commentators,
says Bishop Lowth, to represent him as
entirely rude and void of elegance ; whereas
it requires but little attention to be convinced
that he is not a whit behind the very chiefest
of the prophets ;" equal to the greatest in lof-
tiness of sentiment, and scarcely inferior to
any in the splendor of his diction, and in the
elegance of his composition. John Locke has
observed, that his comparisons are chiefly
drawn from lions and other animals, because
he lived among and was conversant with such
objects. But indeed the finest images and
allusions which adorn the poetical parts of
Scripture, in general, are drawn from scenes
of nature, and from the grand objects that
range in her walks ; and true genius ever
delights in considering these as the real
sources of beauty and magnificence. The
whole book of Amos is animated with a fine
and masculine eloquence. — ^Yatson.



SYCAMOKE TREE.

The sycamore is a large tree, according to
the description of Theophrastus, Dioscorides
and Galen, resembling the mulberry tree in
the leaf, and the fig in its fruit ; hence its
name compounded of Sukee, fig, and moras,
mulberry ; and some have fancied that it was
originally produced by ingrafting the one tree
on the other. Its fruit is palatable. When
ripe, it is soft, watery, somewhat sweet, with
a little of an aromatic taste. The trees are
very common in Palestine, Arabia and Egypt ;
grow large, and to a great height ; and though
the grain is coarse, are nmch used in building.
" The sycamore," says Norden, " is of the
height of a beech, and bears its fruit in a
manner quite diflerent from other trees ; it has
them on its trunk itself, which shoots out little
spiigs in form of grape-stalks, at the end of
which grow the fruit, close to one another,
almost like clusters of grapes."

To change sycamores into cedars, Isaiah ix.
10, means to render the buildings of cities,
and the state of the nation, much more magni-
ficent than before. Dr. Shaw remarks, that



as the grain and texture of the sycamore is
remarkably coarse and spongy, it could there-
fore stand in no competition at all with the
cedar for beauty and ornament. The wood
of this tree, however, is very durable. " The
mummy chests," says Dr. Shaw, "and what-
ever figures or instruments of wood are found
in the catacooibs, are all of them of sycamore
wood, which, though spongy and porous, has
notwithstanding continued entire and uncor-
rupled for at least three thousand years.
From its value in furnishing wood for various
uses; from the grateful shade which its wide-
spreading branches afforded, and on account
of the fruit, which Mallet says, the Egyp-
tians live upon, and hold in the highest esti-
mation, we perceive the loss which the an-
cient inhabitants of Egypt must have felt wheu
the vines were destroyed with hail, and their
sycamore trees with frost."

One curious particular in the cultivation of
the fruit must not be passed over. Hassel-
quist in describing the ^ciis sycatnorvs, or
Scripture sycamore, says, " it buds the latter
end of March, and the fruit ripens in the be-
ginning of June. At the time when the fruit
has arrived to the size of an inch diameter,
the inhabitants pare off a part at the centre
point. They say that without this paring it
would not come to maturity." The sycamore
strikes its large diverging roots deep into the
soil ; and on this account, says Paxton, our
Lord alludes to it, as the most difficult to be
rooted up, and transferred to another situation.
" If ye had faith as a grain of mustard seed,
ye might say unto this sycamore tree, be thou
plucked up by the root, and be thou planted
in the sea, and it should obey you." The
stronger and more diveiging the root of a tree,
the more ditTicult it must be to pluck it up, and
insert it again, so as to make it strike root and
grow ; but far more difficult still to plant it in
the sea, where tiie soil is so far below the sur-
face, and where the luthless billows are con-
tinually tossing it from one side to another;
yet, says our Lord, a task no less diflicult than
this to be accomplished, can the man of genu-
ine faith perform with a word ; for with God
nothing is impossible; nothing difficult, or
laborious. — Watson. — Calmut.

For " The Friend."

Letter from Bevjnmin Holme to Thomas
Penn.

The subjoined letter is literally copied (the
spelling excepted,) from a paper placed in my
hands, evidently, from the seals aflixed and
other indications, the original, and in the pro-
per handwriting of B. Holmes. The super-
scription runs thus : ' To Tho. Penn, in Phi-
ladelph'. Pensilvania.' It is interesting as
coming from a cotemporary and intimate
friend of the original proprietor and governor,
and valuable for the fatherly and Christian
counsel which it contains to his son and suc-
cessor. S. R.
North Cave, in Yorkshire, the 30lh
of the Sixth month, 1 733.

Esteemed Friend Thomas Penn. — In that
tovo which is pure, and flows over the great
deeps, do I kindly salute thee, with desires



that thou may live in the fear of the Lord,
and grow in the virtue of the Holy Spirit, that
thou may be an example of humility and
meekness, and also of temperance and godli-
ness amongst that people where thy lot is
cast. Thy station considered, there is no
doubt but that many eyes will be upon thee;
and if thou art a bright pattern, and show
them how a good Cliristian ought to live by
thy example, thou will not only be very much
valued and esteemed, for virtue draws respect,
but thou will likewise enjoy greut peace in
thy own mind beyond what any can make
thee sensible of to the full by words ; and thy
example may have very great influence upon
others; and this is the way for thee to prosper,
and be blest. Thou may assure thyself that
thou hast many well wishers that would greatly
rejoice to have thee succeed thy pious and
religious father in his virtues, that so thy end
may be happy and full of peace, as it is to be
hoped his was. And as thou has a greater
share of the world than many others have, il
thou do not let the love nor honour of it draw
away thy mind from the Lord, but if, like wise
and good Moses, who looked beyond the glory
of Egypt, and the grandeur of Pharoah's court
to that reward which would not fade away,
thou look beyond all the honour and grandeur
of the world, to that which is durable and last-
ing and of a Divine nature, there is no doubt
but that the Lord's regard will be to thee not
only to feed thee, but likewise to preserve and
defend thee. If a man's ways please the
Lord, he can make all his enemies at peace
with him ; but when the people of Israel who
had been favoured in a peculiar manner went
into those things that provoked him, then he
suffered them to be vexed by the Midianites.
May the people in that province, and in them
countries, be careful that they do nut provoke
the Lord, as many of the people of Israel did,
notwithstanding what great things he had done
for them, so that we read that three and
twenty thousand of them fell in one day, be-
cause they lusted after evil things. This is
left upon record for our instruction ; and my
friend, I tenderly desire, that the kindness and
respect of the people may not be a snare to
thee, or draw thee to keep company to thy
prejudice ; but be strictly temperate, and rather
abstemious, and example the people into the



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 97 of 154)