Roper Lethbridge.

The golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon online

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which that Court derives a direct benefit. The
action of the Nizam, magnificent in itself, is
enhanced by all the attendant circumstances.
It is quite unexpected, the step having been
taken by the Nizam entirely on his own
initiative. . . . We can assure His Highness
that his generous friendship will wake a re-
sponsive feeling in the breasts of the British
people, not merely for the noble proportions
of his contribution to frontier defence, but for
the loyal feelings which inspired him to place
on unmistakable record before the world the
unanimity of opinion in India on the subjects
of English rule and Russian aggression. The
Nizam's act cannot fail to arouse our en-
thusiasm at the same time that it furnishes a
uniquecompliment to our authority and power.
"The impression produced by the Nizam's
letter will not be limited to India or this
country, although its full effect will be felt
most in the Peninsula of Hindostan, where
the ruler of Hyderabad speaks as the great
political chief among the fifty million Ma-
homedans of the Empire. The great service
which he has rendered our Government and
cause is that, at a moment when even the
suspicion of compulsion could not exist, he
has come forward with the frank declaration
that in his opinion every ruler and native of
India has a common interest in the security of
the country against external attack. In doing
this he has not only committed his own person
and dynasty to a policy of implacable hostility
to a foreign invader, but he has set all the
feudatories of the Indian Empire a splendid
example. If any other Indian chief had taken
this step the deed would have been in a per-
sonal sense quite as gratifying, but it would
not have possessed the same political signi-
ficance. When an Indian Mahomedan talks
of the secular power of Islam, his expressed
thought may be for the Sultan as Caliph, but
his real conviction is that for him personally
the Nizam is quite as important a personage.
The Nizam has spoken not only ' as the oldest



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



101



ally of the English in India,' but as the fore-
most Mahomedan potentate in our quarter of
Asia. He is an infinitely greater prince, tested
by his revenue, the number of his subjects,
and his own personal enlightenment and that
of his Government, than the Ameer of Bokhara,
who is termed the Head of Islam in Central
Asia. . . . The silly stories which those ad-
venturers who wish to make a livelihood out
of Russian credulity have been circulating
about English oppression in India, and especi-
ally at the expense of Mahomedans, have now
received the clearest possible refutations at
the hands of the most representative Mahome-
dan prince in the Peninsula. The Nizam's
letter is also important as putting an end to
all possible ambiguity as to the cordial re-
lations and good understanding subsisting
between the Central Government and the chief
feudatories of India. A great deal too much
notice has been paid to alleged disaffection at
native courts ana capitals, instigated by out-
side intriguers ; and the armies and the social
state of Native States, kept up in conformity
with written treaty, may perhaps have been
scanned with too closely critical an eye under
the sudden perception of what might be a
concealed danger. The Nizam's letter annihi-
lates such petty and personal criticism. It is
impossible after this to suspect Hyderabad of
being less staunch in the cause of defending
India than ourselves ; and when the greatest
and most powerful of Indian States is thus
outspoken we may feel sure that the rest will
not lag far behind. The Nizam has been good
enough to take the most effectual steps to
shatter the pleasing belief of Russian com-
manders and some Continental critics, that
when the Czar's armies move towards the
Indus the discontented princes and peoples,
alienated by the greed and tyranny of England,
will rise to welcome them as deliverers, so
that the contest will be virtually over before
the first shot is fired. . . . The present Nizam
has bettered his predecessor's example. He
has anticipated the crisis which may be before
that country, and he declares in the most
emphatic and unequivocal manner that if the
fatal hour comes he will be with us, and that
'England can count on his sword.' This we
never doubted, but what is as surprising as it
is welcome is that he has discovered the very
best way to convince the world that his words
are sincere, and not mere lip service. It would
be futile to talk of making the Nizam some
adequate return, for there is no repaying such
generosity and cordiality as he has shown.
But we cannot do less than admit that he
acquires an additional claim on our confidence
and consideration by conferring an inestimable
service on the whole of the Empire, and one
which no one but he, as the first of Indian
princes, and the greatest magnate in alliance
with the Crown, could have rendered with the
same effect. British politicians can learn from
his action the moral that British authority in
India is both popular and useful, and at the
same time that the menace from Russia is
regarded by the responsible representatives of
the Peninsula as a real and growing danger.
In the union of those who will suffer from it



is to be found absbiutesecufity, both now and
in the future, and the Nizam has shown that
this union exists."

In November 1892 the Marquess of
Lansdowne visited His Highness's capital
in State, as Viceroy of India ; and was
entertained at dinner by the Nizam, who
took the opportunity, when proposing
the health of his distinguished guest, to
reiterate his sentiments of loyalty and
friendliness in the following words : —

"The historical friendship that has existed
between my State and the British Government
has not been confined to mere mellifluous
words, but has been tested by deeds — deeds
in which the best blood of Hyderabad was
shed in defence of British interests, deeds in
which British blood was spilt in defending the
throne of a faithful ally. This friendship is
a most precious legacy left to me by my
ancestors, which I am not only most anxious
to maintain but to increase by continuous
deeds of loyal amity."

And the speech of the Viceroy recipro-
cated these sentiments ; the following is
an extract from it : —

"His Highness the Nizam rules over an
area of 100,000 square miles and a population
of over eleven millions of human beings. It
is perhaps instructive, in order to give a correct
idea of the importance of the State, to recall
the fact that its population is about five times
that of Denmark, considerably more than '
double the population of the Netherlands, of
Norway, Sweden, and of Turkey in Europe,
while it is also considerably more than double
that of the great island Continent of Australia
and of that vast Dominion of Canada in which
I had for some years the honour of representing
Her Majesty. His Highness's territories com-
prise some of the richest in natural resources
of any in India, and it is not too much to say
that given a Government founded upon justice
and personal security, there is no reason why
the State should not be what His Highness, I
am sure, desires it to be, an example to the
rest. And I may add that there is no ruler
whom, upon personal grounds, the Govern-
ment of India is more desirous of supporting
and encouraging in the discharge of his onerous
duties than His Highness the Nizam.

' ! I have had the advantage of meeting several
of those who have had official relations with
him, and they are all agreed in bearing witness
to the personal qualities which have attracted
to him the sympathy and goodwill of those
with whom he has been brought into contact.
It is satisfactory to know that he has on more
than one occasion shown by his acts that he
is sincerely anxious to do his duty as the ruler
of this important State. I may refer in illus-
tration of my meaning to the liberality with
which the support of the State has been given
to such useful measures as the improvement
of the water-supply of Secunderabad, and to
the public spirit shown by His Highness
in connection with the appointment of the



102



THE« GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



Chloroform Commission, ably presided over
by Surgeon-Lieuteuant-Colonel Lawrie— an
enquiry which has already produced scientific
results of importance, and which shows that
His Highness is prepared to recognize the
claims of philanthropy transcending the limits
of his own possessions."

The progress of the State of Hyderabad
under the rule of this brave and patriotic
Prince has been most surprising, and is
evident in every department of public
affairs. In communication and means
of locomotion, in education, in sanitation,
in the administration of justice, police, and
prisons, in finance, in revenue-adminis-
tration and surveys, and in every other
department, the most thorough reforms
have been attempted with marked success.
The recent increase in trade and manu-
factures — cotton-spinning, cloth and silk
weaving, shawl-making and the like — has
been most marked. It is not too much
to say that the Nizam is idolized by his
people; on the occasion of his serious
illness in 1884, the prayers in all the
mosques, and the public anxiety through-
out the State, reminded every one of the
feeling evoked in England by the illness
of the Prince of Wales. The Nizam has
had the advantage of being served by
many of the ablest and most experienced
and successful Statesmen that India has
produced, among whom the most pro-
minent have been the late Sir Sahar Jang,
the late Shams-ul-Umara, and the great
Shamsiya family — the late Sir Asman Jah,
Sir Kurshid Jah, and the present Prime
Minister, Sir Vikar-ul-Umara. By the
aid of these Ministers His Highness has
developed his State by a great railway —
which he opened in person on April 3, 1 886 ;
he has established an extensive system
of public instruction, based on the most
perfect models, both for elementary and
for secondary education ; he has purified
the administration of justice, and put it
on a par with that in British India ; he
has repaired the neglect of centuries in
the maintenance and construction of
tanks and wells, and in the sanitation of
the great cities of the State, and especially
in the capital. He has introduced and
largely carried out a scientific system of
Revenue Survey, and safeguarded the
rights of the poorer cultivators. The
great central jail of Hyderabad, although
it contains some of the most desperate
criminals in India, is admirably arranged
and administered, and is becoming a
valuable centre for jail-manufactures.



His Highness has cared for the medical
wants of his female subjects by employing
lady-doctors, establishing schools for the
training of nurses, and by many similar
benefactions. Some of the sons of the
Hyderabad nobles are sent to England,
at the cost of the State, to be educated.
The Nizam has also established a system
of famine-relief, for use in time of famine,
based on the Report of Sir James Caird's
Famine Commission, that may be com-
pared with that of British India. In
every way the progress attained, especi-
ally of late, has been most remarkable
and gratifying.

The family banner of the Nizam is
coloured yellow, and it bears in its centre
a disc, which represents the "Lucky
Chapati " of the first Nizam. This family
cognizance took its origin in the following
incident. When the first Nizam was
departing to the wars in the Deccan, a
holy man came forward to give his
benediction to the hero of the faith, and
presented him with a chapati as an
emblem of good fortune ; this chapati
the warrior carried with him as an amulet
through all his successful campaigns, and
his descendants have ever since borne
the device called the kulcha on their
banner.

The Nizam rules his State in a con-
stitutional manner, through the medium
of a Prime Minister — His Excellency
Sir Vikar-ul-Umara, K.C.I.E.— with a
Council of State. His Highness has
fixed days in the week when he transacts
public business with the Council; and
thrice a week the Prime Minister attends
at the Palace, with all reports, financial
statements, and other documents, there-
by keeping the Nizam fully informed of
the state of public affairs. His Highness
is said to take a personal interest in all
that goes on ; and indeed, for some time
before the appointment of the last
Prime Minister, he acted as his own
Minister, with the aid of an English
officer lent him by the Viceroy. He is
a keen sportsman, and a proficient in all
manly exercises, especially in that of
tent-pegging, which is his great amuse-
ment, and in which he is very expert.

The area of the Nizam's dominions
— including the Berars or Hyderabad
Assigned Districts, which are temporarily
administered by the British Government
in trust for him — is about 98,000 square
miles ; its population is nearly 13,000,000,
chiefly Hindus, but with over a million



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



103



Muhammadans. It is by far the largest,
richest, and most populous of the feuda-
tory States of India ; it is three times as
large as Bavaria, and more than twice
as populous. The Nizam maintains a
military force of 6228 cavalry, 24,068
infantry, and 35 guns; exclusive of the
Prigah or Household Troops. His High-
ness is entitled to a salute of 21 guns.
Residence : Hyderabad, Deccan.

HYDERSHA AMEDSHA MUNSHI,

Khan Saheb. The title was conferred
on June 22, 1897. Residence : Godhra,
Bombay.

IBA.D-ULLA, Muhammad, Khan Bahd-
aur. See Muhammad.

IBAHIM, Sayyid, Khan Bahadur. See
Muhammad.

IBRAHIM ALI, Sayyid, Khan Bahadur.
Tie title was conferred on January 1,
1898. Is Wazir of the Bahawalpur
Stite. Residence: Bahawalpur, Punjab.

IBRAHIM All, Muhammad Awali
Martabat Mirza Bahadur, Prince.
See Muhammad.

IBRA3IM HAJI SUMAR PATEL, Haji,

Khd% Saheb. Received the title on
Jun< 3, 1899. Residence : Bombay.

IBRAIIM KHAN. See Muhammad
Ibralim Khan.

IBRAIIM SAYYID. See Muhammad
Ibralim, Maulavi, Sayyid.

IBRAR AHMAD, Kazi, Khan Bahddur.
The ttle was conferred on May 25, 1895.
Residence : Moradabad, North-Western
Provhces.

ICHHRl SINGH, Sarddr. The title is
hereditary. Residence : Gujranwala,
Punjtb.

IDAR, His Highness Maharaja Sri Sir
Kesrisinghji Jawansinghji, K.C.S.I.,
Maharaja of. A ruling chief; b. 1864.
Succeeded to the yadi December 26,
1868. Belongs to the great Rahtor
Rajput (Hindu) family, said to spring
from the second son of the legendary
hero Rama, and therefore of the Solar
race; of whom the principal Chief is
His Highnessthe Maharaja of Jodhpur,
and to which also belong the Chiefs of
Bikanir and Kishangarh in Rajputana,
and other important Princes. In 1729,



when the famous Abhai Singh, Rahtor
Raja of Jodhpur, was Subahdar of
Guj arat under the Emperor Muhammad
Shah, and his brother Bakht Singh
Rahtor was the conqueror of Nagar,
two other brothers, named Anand Singh
Rahtor and Rai Singh Rahtor, estab-
lished themselves at Idar by force of
arms. The Peshwa and the Gaekwar
soon despoiled the young State; and
the Raja Sheo Singh Rahtor, son of
Anand Singh, who died in 1791, was
compelled to lose part of his territories,
and to pay tribute to the Gaekwar.
This tribute is still paid by the Chief
of Idar, who in return receives tribute
from some other minor States. Sheo
Singh was succeeded by his sonBhawan
Singh, who died shortly afterwards,
leaving the (jadi to a minor son, the
Raja Gambhirsinghji. The latter was
succeeded by the Maharaja Jawan-
singhji, K.C.S.I., who was a Member
of the Legislative Council of Bombay,
and died in 1868, leaving his son, the
present Maharaja, as a minor. His
Highness was educated at the Raj-
kumar College at Indore. His State
has an area of 2500 square miles ; and
a population of 258,429, chiefly Hindus,
but including 8700 Muhammadans and
6266 Jains. The Mahara ja has obtained
a sanad of adoption ; and was created
a Knight Commander of the Most
Exalted Order of the Star of India on
February 15, 1887, on the occasion of
the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most
Gracious Majesty. His Highness main-
tains a military force of 54 cavalry,
100 infantry, and 21 guns, and is
entitled to a salute of 15 guns. Resi-
dence : Idar, Mahi Kantha, Bombay.

IJAZ HUSAIN, Muhammad, Khadim-ul-
Aima, Mirza Bahadur, Prince. See
Muhammad.

IJPURA, Thakur Gobar singly i, Thdkvr
of. A ruling chief ; b. 1850. Belongs
to a Koli (aboriginal) family. His State
has a population of about 392, chiefly
Hindus. Residence: Ijpura, Mahi
Kantha.

IKDARIA. See Raipur Ikdaria.

IKRAM-ULLA KHAN, Sayyid Muham-
mad, Khan Bahddur. The title was



conferred on June 3,
Delhi, Punjab.



J. Residence:



104



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



ILAHI BAKHSH, Hafiz, Khdn BaMdur.
The title was conferred on May 25,
1895. Residence : Lahore, Punjab.

ILAHI BAKHSH, Muhammad, Khdn
Bahadur. The title was conferred on
January 1, 1891. Residence: Delhi,
Punjab.

ILAHI BAKHSH,Shaikh, Khdn Bahadur.
The title is personal, and was conferred
on May 24, 1889. Residence : Ajmir.

ILOL, Thakur Wakhatsinghji Dip-
singhji, Thakur. A ruling chief; b.
1864. Succeeded to the gadi April 16,
1866. Belongs to a Koli (Hindu)
family; was educated at the Rajku-
mar College, Rajkot. The State of
Ilol is tributary to the Gaekwar, and
also to Idar. Its area is 44 square
miles ; its population is 5603, chiefly
Hindus. Residence : Ilol, Mahi Kantha,
Bombay.

ILTIFAT HUSAIN, Mir, Khdn Bahadur.
The title is personal, and was conferred
on May 24, 1889. Residence : Baroda.

IMAM BAKHSH walad SHER MU-
HAMMAD KHAN (of Mirpur), Mir.
The title is continued for life, the
Mir being a representative of one
of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the
time of the annexation. Residence :
Hyderabad, Sind.

IMAM BAKHSH (of Raikot), Rai.
Belongs to a Ed j put Muhammadan
family, that claims descent from the
same stock as that of the ruling
house of Jaisalmir. Its founder, Tulsi
Ram, second son of Raja Dulchi Ram
of Jaisalmir, is said to have become a
convert to Islam in the year 1833.
His descendants occupied Raikot till
the death of Rani Bhagbari in 1852,
when the territory lapsed to the British
Government. Rai Imam Bakhsh is a
distant relative of the late Rani, and
has succeeded to her private estate.
He has three sons, Amir Khan, Fateh
Khan, and Faizulla Khan. Residence :
Raikot, Ludhiana, Punjab.

IMAM BAKHSH KHAN, Bozdar, Khdn
Bahadur; b. 1834. The title was
conferred on April 10, 1884, as a per-
sonal distinction, in recognition of
his eminent services in the Survey
Department as an explorer of un-
known tracts on the Frontier. He
has done especially valuable work as
an explorer in the Gilgit country, also



in Zhob and the Ghumal country, and
in the Shirani Hills. He has taken
part also in exploring expeditions to
the Vaziri country, to Buner, to Agror,
Kandahar, and Kabul. He is a Member
of the Municipal Committee of Dera
Ghazi Khan ; and has received a khilaf
and a chair in Darbar from the
Government. Residence: Dera Ghazi
Khan, Punjab.

IMAM BAKHSH KHAN, Mazari, Sir,
K.C.I.E., Mir, Nawdb. The first title
(of Mir; is hereditary, the second (of
Nawab) is personal, and was conferred
on February 23, 1877, in recognition of
his loyal and zealous services in S5r
R. Sandeman's mission to Kal^t.
Belongs to a Mazari Baluch famly
that claims descent from Amir Hamza,
the uncle of the Prophet, whose sen,
Kul Charag, emigrated from Persiato
Kalat, and settled in Kach *nd
Makran. A descendant, Batil Kbin,
received the title of " Mazar," mean-
ing a lion in the Baluch language, on
account of his gallantry in the battles
with the Lashiris, and hence the mme
of this Baluchi clan. Bahrain Khan,
the father of Sir Imam Balhsh,
received a sanad from the Mahiraja
Ranjit Singh of Lahore. Durinj the
Mutiny of 1857 Sir Imam Btkhsh
gave conspicuous aid to the Govern-
ment; and was created a Enight
Commander of the Most Eninent
Order of the Indian Empire, Mty 24,
1888. He is an Honorary Magistrate
of the first class, and one of tht most
influential and loyal Chiefs m the
Baluch frontier. His eldest son,aamed
Bahram Khan, was born in 18«JV and
has married the daughter ani only
child of his cousin, Sher Muhatnmad,
which marriage ensures* the "aman-
ddrship, or headship of the clan, to
Sir Imam Bakhsh's desceidants.
Residence : Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab.

IMAM SHARIF, Khdn Bahddur. The
title is personal, and was conferred on
February 16, 1887. Residence : Survey
of India.

IMDAD ALI, Khdn Bahddur. The title
was conferred on January 1, 1895.
Residence : Damoh, Central Provinces.

IMDAD ALI KHAN walad TURAB All
KHAN, Mir. The title is continued
for life, the Mir being a representative
of one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



106



at the time of the annexation. Resi-
dence: Sind.

IMDAD IMAM, Maulavi, Sayyid,
Shams-ul-Ulama. The title was con-
ferred on May 24, 1889, as a personal
distinction, in recognition of his
eminence as an oriental scholar. Resi-
dence: Patna, Bengal.

IMLAI, JRdjd of. See Lala Saheb.

INAYAT ALI KHAN walad MIR
GHTJLAM SHAH, Mir. The title is
hereditary, the Mir being a repre-
sentative of the Mirs or Chiefs of
Sind at the time of the annexation,
Residence : Shikarpur, Sind.

INAYAT ALI KHAN walad MIR
GHTJLAM SHAH, Mir. The title has
been continued for life, the Mir being
a representative of one of the Mirs or
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the
annexation. Residence : Hyderabad,
Sind.

INAYAT HUSAIN, Shaikh, Khan Ba-
hadur. The title is personal, and was
conferred on November 25, 1870. Resi-
dence: Hyderabad, Deccan.

INAYAT HUSAIN KHAN, MunsM,
Khan Bahadur; b. September 1834.
Belongs to a Pathan family, and has
been in service of the Government
since 1850. During the Mutiny he
rendered valuable services at the risk
of his own life and property, and for
these he has been rewarded with a
grant, and on June 6, 1885, obtained
the title of Khan Bahadur as a per-
sonal distinction. Residence: Alla-
habad, North-Western Provinces.

INAYAT-ULLA KHAN, Khan Bahadur.
The title is personal, and was con-
ferred on June 3, 1893. Residence:
Hardoi, Oudh.

INDAR DEO (of Akhrota), Rdjd. The
title is hereditary. The family is of
ancient Rajput origin. Its founder
was Raja Ranjit Deo, Raja of Jammu,
the son of Raja Darab Deo, who was
the ancestor of the Maharajas of
Jammu and Kashmir. Raja Indar
Deo's grandfather was the ruling
chief at Jammu, who was ejected by
the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore
when he conquered that territory.
He is the son of the late Raja Raghbir
Deo. Residence : Akhrota, Pathankot,
Gurdaspur, Punjab.



INDAR NARAYAN, Rai ; b. 1850. The
title is hereditary, and was conferred
on June 5, 1858. Belongs to a Brahman
family of Kashmir. The late Pandit
Rai Kishan Narayan was Settlement
Deputy Collector of Sagar in the
Central Provinces at the time of the
Mutiny of 1857, and greatly dis-
tinguished himself by his courage and
fidelity, which were of the greatest
value to the local authorities through-
out the time of the disturbances. As
a reward he received the hereditary
title of Rai, with a grant of lands.
On his death his son, the present Rai,
who is a Subordinate Judge in the
North-Western Provinces, inherited
the title and estates. He was educated
at Agra, and has two sons — Brij
Narayan and Iqbal Narayan. Resi-
dence : Cawnpur, North-Western
Provinces.

INDORE, His Highness Maharaj-
Adhiraj Sir Shivaji Rao Holkar,
Bahadur, G.C.S.I., Maharaja of. A
ruling chief; b. 1860. Succeeded to
the gadi on July 12, 1886. His
Highness's full titles are — His High-
ness Maharaj-Adhiraji Raj Rajesh-
war Sawai Sir Shivaji Rao Holkar
Bahadur, Knight Grand Commander
of the Most Exalted Order of the Star
of India. Holkar is the dynastic
name of the Princes of this great
Mahratta family, who have occupied
a very conspicuous place in the
history of India since the first half of
the 18th century. It is derived from
Hoi, the name of the village on the
Nira river in the Deccan, where, in
1693, was born Malhar Rao, the
founder of the dynasty. It is an in-
teresting fact in connection with the
history of this Principality, that its
administration has twice, at important
periods, been in the hands of ladies of
the family — once, most successfully,
in those of the famous Ahalya Bai
(1765-95), and once (less happily) in
those of Tulsi Bai (1811-17). Malhar
Rao adopted a military life in his early
youth, and in the year 1724 entered
the service of the Peshwa, from which



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