Roper Lethbridge.

The golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon online

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on an ancestor by one of the ancient
Kings of Delhi, before the family left
Chanda. Until recently the Phulghar
Zamindari was classed as a Gurjhat
feudatory State; but the late Raja
Jagsai died without legitimate heirs
in 1867, and the State lapsed into the
form of a Zamindari, in the hands of
the late Rani Sagan Kumari of Phul-
ghar, who was the lawful wife of the
Raja Prithi Singh. The Rani Sagan
Kumari was more than seventy years
of age when she succeeded to the
estate, as she was born before the
commencement of the present century ;
she was succeeded by the present
Rani. Residence: Phulghar, Sambal-
pur, Central Provinces.

KAPURCHAND, Seth, Rai Saheb. Re-
ceived the title on January 1, 1898.
Residence : Raipur, Central Provinces.

KAPURTHALA, His Highness Sir Jagat-
jit Singh Bahadur, K.C.S.I., Rdjd of.
A ruling chief ; b. September '1872.
Succeeded to the gadi as a minor on
September 5, 1877. The Raja's full
title is — His Highness Farzand-i-Dil-
band Rasikhul-Itikad Daulat-i-In-
glishia Raja-i-Rajagan Raja Sir
Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, K.C.S.I.
Belongs to a Jat Kalal (Sikh) family,
well known under the distinguished
name of Ahluwalia, from the village
of Ahlu near Lahore. The Sardar
Jassa Singh was one of the most
conspicuous of the leaders who con-
solidated the Sikh Power during the
disorders and weakness of the Mughals,
consequent on the invasions of Nadir
Shah and Ahmad Shah Durani. He
died without issue, and was succeeded
by Sardar Bagh Singh, a descendant
of his uncle. The Chiefs of Kapur-
thala largely extended their territories
and power ; and the name of Sardar
Bagh Singh's successor, Sardar Fateh,
Singh, was associated with that of the



Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the first
Sikh treaty concluded with the British
Government. In 1826 Sardar Fateh
Singh sought the protection of the
British Power against Ranjit Singh ;
but in the first Sikh war his troops
fought against the British at the
battle of Aliwal, and on this account
his Cis-Sutlej territories were con-
fiscated. In the second Sikh war his
son Sardar Nihal Singh rendered
good service ; and in recognition of it
he was created a Raja in 1849. On
the outbreak of the Mutiny in 1857, the
Raja Sir Randhir Singh, G.C.S.I., of
Kapurthala, volunteered the services
of himself and all his followers. He
strengthened the hold of Government
in the Jalandhar Doab, and then
volunteered to aid in the subjugation
of the rebellious Province of Oudh.
His offer was accepted, and accom-
panied by his brother, the brave
Sardar Bikrama Singh Bahadur,
C.S.I. , he marched to Oudh at the
head of 2000 horse and foot and four
guns. This force fought no less than
six actions with the rebels, with
conspicuous valour on the part alike
of the Chief, his brother, and his
followers. They held most important
positions — first at Bani to protect the
Lucknow and Cawnpur road, and
afterwards at Daryabad ; and captured
ten guns from the rebels. The Kapur-
thala troops remained in Oudh for a
whole year ; and the Raja Sir Randhir
Singh received as a reward for his
loyalty and bravery large estates
there, confiscated from the rebellious
Rajas of Bhitauli, Baundi, and Ikauna,
as well as a khilat of Rs. 10,000, and
many other honours. In 1870 he set
out to visit England, but unfortunately
died at Aden on the way. He was
succeeded by his son, the Raja Kharak
Singh, father of the present Raja ;
leaving also a younger son, the Kunwar
Harnam Singh, CLE. (q.v.), and a
daughter married to the Sardar Buta
Singh of Sirnanwa. His Highness
the present Raja was created a Knight
Commander of the Most Exalted
Order of the Star of India on June 22,
1897, on the auspicious occasion of the
Diamond Jubilee of Her Most Gracious
Majesty the Queen Empress. The
area of the State is 598 square miles ;
its population is 252,617, chiefly Mu-
hammadans, but including, 82,900



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



131



Hindus and 26,493 Sikhs. In addition
to this, the Oudh estates of His
Highness have an area of 700 square
miles, and a population of 253,000.
The Raja maintains a military force
of 197 cavalry, 829 infantry, and 13
guns ; and is entitled to a salute of 11
guns. Residences: Kapurthala,Punjab ;
and Bhitaula, Baundi, and Ikauna,
Oudh.
KARA AHMAD. See Muhammad Jam
Jah Ali.

KARAM CHAND, Lala, Rai Saheb. The
title was conferred on January 1, 1897.
Residence : Srigovindpur, Gurdaspur,
Punjab.

KARAM DAD, Subadar, Khan Bahadur.
The title was conferred on January 1,
1896. Residence : Kalat, Baluchistan.

KARAM HUSAIN, Makhdum, Khan
Saheb. The title was conferred on
January 1, 1896. Residence: Muzaf-
fargarh, Punjab.

KARAM HUSAIN walad ALI GAUHAR
KHAN, Mir. The title has been
continued for life, the Mir being a
descendant of one of the Mirs or
Chiefs of Sind at the time of the
annexation (see Khairpur). Residence :
Shikarpur, Kind.

KARAM KHAN, Mir. The title is
hereditary, the Mir being a Jagirdar,
and a descendant of one of the Mirs
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the
annexation (see Khairpur) . Residence :
Shikarpur, Sind.

KARAMAT-ULLA, Muhammad, Khan
Bahadur. See Muhammad.

KARAMAT-ULLA KHAN, Khan Baha-
dur. The title was conferred on May
25, 1895, for eminent services in
the Medical Department. Residence :
Bengal.

KARAMDAD KHAN (of Pharwala),
Rdjd. The title is hereditary, and the
Raja succeeded his father in March
1865, as the foremost of the Gakkar
Chiefs of the Punjab. The Gakkars
trace their descent from Kai Gohar,
of Ispahan in Persia, whose son,
Sultan Kaid, is said to have conquered
Badakshan and a part of Tibet. For
many hundreds of years the Gakkars
were undoubtedly possessed of great
power and a wide extent of territory ;
they overran Kashmir in very early
times, and traces of their occupation



are still to be found in the north and
west of that country. They are usually
of the Shia sect of Muhammadans.
When the Emperor Babar invaded
India, Hati Khan was the Chief of
the Gakkars; and in the Emperor's
Autobiography there is a notice of his
contest with that Chief. Babar
marched against Pharwala — then, as
now, the capital of the Gakkars — in
1526 a.d., and captured it after a
gallant resistance, Hati Khan making
his escape from one gate of the town
as Babar's troops entered by another.
Sultan Mukarrab Khan was the last
independent Gakkar Chief, and in his
day the power of the Gakkars was
very great. He defeated the Yusufzai
Afghans and the Chief of the Khattaks,
and captured Gujrat, overrunning the
Chib country as far north as Bhimbar.
He joined Ahmad Shah Durani on his
several invasions of India, and was
treated by that monarch with the
greatest consideration, being confirmed
in the possession of his large territories,
which extended from the Chinab to
the Indus. Mukarrab Khan was at
last defeated by the powerful Sikh
Chief, Sardar Gujar Singh, Bhangi,
and compelled to retire across the
Jhelum, giving up his possessions in
the Chaj Doab. His power being thus
broken, the rival Chiefs of his own
tribe declared against him, and he
was treacherously put to death. He
left four sons, of whom the youngest
was Sultan Shadman Khan, grand-
father of the present Raja. The
family were greatly impoverished,
weakened, and stripped of most of
their possessions, by the attacks first
of Sardar Gujar Singh, and subse-
quently of Anand Singh, Thipuria,
grandson of the famous Sardar Milkha
Singh of Rawal Pindi. In 1826 the
family was conceded some proprietary
rights in Pharwala, the ancient cradle
and home of their race. Shadman
Khan's eldest son was Hayat-ulla-
Khan, who became Raja ; he rendered
excellent service under Captain Abbott
in 1848-49, and again during the
Mutiny of 1857. He was succeeded
by the present Raja in 1865. Resid-
ence : Pharwala, Rawal Pindi, Punjab.

KARAMDAD KHAN, Khan Bahadur.
The title was conferred on January 1,
1896. Residence : Baluchistan.



132



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



KARAMSI DAMJI, Rao Bahadur. Re-
ceived the title on January 1, 1899.
Residence: Bombay.

KARAN SINGH, Rao. The title is here-
ditary. Residence: Aligarh, North-
western Provinces.

KARAN SINGH, Rao (of Bedla), Rao
Bahadur. The title of Rao Bahadur
was conferred on the Rao of Bedla as
a personal distinction on May 20, 1896.
Residence : Mewar, Rajputana.

KARAR HAIDAR, Khan Bahadur. The
title was conferred on January 1, 1894.
Residence : Bijnor, North- Western Pro-
vinces.

KARASGI, Chief of. See Jath.

KARAULI, His Highness Maharaja
Sir Bhanwar Pal Deo Bahadur Yadukul
Chandra Bhal, G.C.I.E., Mahdrdjd of .
A ruling chief ; b. 1862. Succeeded
to the gadi August 14, 1886. Is the
head of the great Jadun clan of
Rajputs, who claim descent from
Krishna, and are called the Chandra-
vansi or Children of the Moon. The
title of Maharaja has descended to
them from the remotest antiquity.
Probably the first historical personage
in the pedigree is Bijai Pal, who built
the fort of Biana in 995 a.d. Arjan
Deo, in 1348 a.d., established the
State, and founded the capital of
Karauli in Rajputana. The Maharaja
Dharm Pal became Maharaja of
Karauli in 1644 a.d. ; and the present
Maharaja Bahadur is ninth in succes-
sion from Dharm Pal. The Maharaja
Madan Pal rendered good service
during the Mutiny of 1857, sending
a body of his troops against the
Kotah mutineers ; and for these ser-
vices he received an addition of two
guns to his salute as a personal dis-
tinction, and was created a Knight
Grand Commander of the Most Exalted
Order of the Star of India. The area
of the State is 1208 square miles ; its
population is 148,670, chiefly Hindus,
but including 8836 Muhammadans.
His Highness was created a K.C.I.E.
on January 1, 1894, and promoted to
be a Knight Grand Commander of the
Most Eminent Order on June 22, 1897,
on the auspicious occasion of the
Diamond Jubilee of Her Most Gracious
Majesty the Queen Empress. He
maintains a miltary force of 281



cavalry, 1640 infantry, and 56 guns,
and is entitled to a salute of 17 guns.
The family banner is coloured yellow.
Residence : Karauli, Rajputana.

KARENNI, Western, Po Bya, Chief of
A ruling chief. Po Bya is chief of
one of the Karen States in Burma.
Its population consists almost entirely
of Karens. It has three feudatory
dependencies — Bawlake, Kyetpogyi,
and Naungpale. Residence: Western
Karenni, Burma.

KARIM KHAN, Sarddr Bahadur; b.
1813. Belongs to a Pathan (Afghan)
family settled in Unao, Oudh. He
was distinguished for his bravery and
loyalty during the Mutiny of 1857,
when he held the military rank of
Subahdar ; and in recognition thereof
he received the title of Sardar Bahadur
as a personal distinction, by a sanad
dated September 18, 1860. Residence :
Unao, Oudh.

KARIM-UD-DIN AHMAD, Khan Baha-
dur. The title is personal, and was
conferred on May 20, 1890. Residence :
Sirsa, North- Western Provinces.

KARMIE, Raja of See Tenduk Pulger.

KAR0DIA, Thakur Chain Singh, Thdkur
of. A ruling chief ; b. 1864. Succeeded
to the gadi October 26, 1880. Belongs
to a Rajput (Hindu) family. Resid-
ence : Karodia, Indore, Central India.

KAR0LI, Thakur Bhawansinghji, Thd-
kur of A ruling chief ; b. 1856.
Belongs to a Koli (aboriginal) family.
The area of the State is 12 square
miles; its population about 1500,
chiefly Hindus. Residence : Karoli,
Mahi Kantha, Bombay.

KAROND, Raja Raghu Keshar Deo,
Rdjd of. A ruling chief; b. 1871.
Succeeded to the gadi April 7, 1881.
Belongs to an ancient Rajput family
of the Nagbansi (snake-race) clan —
the cognizance of the Nagbansi clan
is the sacred Serpent — descended on
the female side from the original
Gangabansi dynasty of Karond, and
on the male side from the Rajas of
Satrangarh in Chota Nagpur. The
late R&ja, Udit Partab Deo, for his
good services to Government, received
the honour of a personal salute of 9
guns, which was conferred on January
1, 1877, on the occasion of the Pro-



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



133



clamation of Her Most Gracious Majesty
as Empress of India. The present
Raja is thirty-first in descent from
the founder of the dynasty. The area
of the State is 3745 square miles, and
its population is 224,548, chiefly Gonds
(an aboriginal tribe). The Raja is
entitled to a salute of 9 guns. Resid-
ence : Karond, Sambalpur, Central
Provinces.

KARRAR HAIDAR, Khan Bahadur.
See Karar.

KARVETNAGAR, Rdjd of. See Kumara
Venkata Perumal Raz, Rdjd.

KARWAR, Rdjd of See Partab.

KARWI, Srimant Rao of. See Balwant
Rao.

KASHI NATH BISWAS, Rai Bahddur ;
b. October 1830. The title was con-
ferred on February 16, 1887, on the
occasion of the Jubilee of the reign
of Her Most Gracious Majesty. The
Rai Bahadur's great-grandfather was
in the service of the Nawab Nazim of
Bengal ; and his father and grandfather
were employed under the Governor-
General's agent at Benares. He entered
the Judicial Service in 1856 ; became
a first-grade Subordinate Judge in
1875, and received a Silver Medal of
Honour at the Imperial Assemblage at
Delhi in January 1877, on the occasion
of the Proclamation of Her Majesty
as Empress of India. He received
the title of Rai Bahadur in recognition
of his long and meritorious services as
a Judge. Residence: Benares, North-
western Provinces.

KASHI NATH SAMBHAJI MURKAR,

Rao Sahcb. Received the title on
January 2, 1899. Residence : Bombay.

KASHI PERSHAD, Rai Saheb. Re-
ceived the title on June 3, 1899. Is
Vakil of Charkhari. Residence :
Charkhari, Central India.

KASHI RAO HOLKAR DADA SAHEB,
Rao Sir (of Indore), K.C.S.I. Created
a K.C.S.I. on October 23, 1875. Resid-
ence : Indore, Central India.

KASHINATH LAKSHMAN, Rao Baha-
dur; b. July 16, 1833. The title was
conferred on May 24, 1883, for long
and distinguished service in the Police
Department, in Khandesh, Bombay.
The Rao Bahddur belongs to a Karhada
Brahman family, and the son of Lak-



shuman Krishna, of the Political
Department and Police of Khandesh.
Was invested with the title of Rao
Bahadur at a Darbar held at Dhulia
on June 15, 1883. In 1846 he married
Ganga, the only daughter of the late
Jagirdar of Waroda; and has issue
four sons — (1) Martand, born July 30,
1865, married Lakshmibai, daughter
of Purushotam Pant Khandekar; (2)
Waman, born July 27, 1867, married
Jankibai, daughter of Prathad Pant
Shahane, Mamlatdar of Tasgaon ;
(3) Govinda, born August 28, 1871,
married Gopikabai, daughter of Mad-
hava Rao Khandekar Phadnis, late
Mamlatdar of Satara; (4) Gopal,
born June 24, 1878, married Rukhmini-
bai, daughter of Narayan Rao Bho-
patkar of Azvi. Residence : Jalgaon,
Khandesh, Bombay.

KASHIPUR, Rdjd of. See Hari Raj
Singh.

KASHIRAS SARVE, General, C.S.I.
Sarddr Bahadur. The title was con-
ferred on January 21, 1896. The
General is Commander-in-Chief of the
Forces of His Highness Maharaja
Sindhia of Gwalior, and was created
a Companion of the Most Exalted
Order of the Star of India on the
auspicious occasion of the Diamond
Jubilee of Her Most Gracious Majesty
the Queen Empress. Residence:
Gwalior, Central India.

KASHMIR, His Highness the Mahdrdjd
Bahadur of. See Jammu and Kashmir

KASIM ALI, Muhammad, Mirza Baha-
dur. See Muhammad.

KASIM ALI KHAN (of Pataudi), Khdn
Bahddur. Received the title on Janu-
ary 1, 1897. Residence: Pataudi,
Punjab.

KASIM HAJI MITHA, Khdn Bahddur,
Sarddr. The title of Khdn Bahddur
was conferred on January 1, 1896 ;
and that of Sarddr on June 22, 1897.
Residence : Bombay.

KASIM HASAN KHAN, Khdn Bahddur.
The title was conferred on January 1,
1895. Residence: Shdhjahdnpur, North-
western Provinces.

KASIM HUSAIN TAJ - UL - MULK
MIRZA BAHADUR, Prince. The
Prince is the ninth son of the late
Wajid Ali Shah, King of Oudh; and



134



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



accordingly bears this title as a personal
or courtesy title. Residence : Calcutta,
Bengal.

KASSALPURA, Thakur Manaji, Thakur
of. A ruling chief ; b. 1823. Belongs
to a Koli (aboriginal) family. The
population of the State is about 400.
Residence: Kassalpura, Mahi Kantha,
Bombay.

KASTUR CHAND, Seth, Rai Bahadur.
The title is personal, and was conferred
on February 16, 1887, on the occasion
of the Jubilee of the reign of Her
Most Gracious Majesty. Residence:
Kamthi, Central Provinces.

KASTUR CHAND, Seth. The title is
personal ; it was originally conferred
by the Nawab of the Carnatic, and
was recognized on December 16, 1890,
by the British Government. Resi-
dence : Jaipur, Madras.

KATARI, Rdjd of. See Partab Bahadur
Singh.

KATEHRA, Rdjd Bahadur of. See
Sardar Singh.

KATHI, Chandra Singh Rahi Padri,
Chief of. A ruling chief; b. 1866.
Belongs to a Bhil (aboriginal) family.
The area of the State, which is one of
the Mewas States in Khandesh, is
about 500 square miles ; its population
rather over 10,000, chiefly Bhils. The
Mewas Chiefs maintain a force of
irregulars, called Sibandis, who collect
the revenue, attend the Chiefs, and
keep order on the frontier and perform
other police duties under the Khandesh
Superintendent of Police. Besides
these irregulars, a considerable number
of Bhil headmen, naiks, are bound, if
called upon by their Chiefs, to furnish
from 30 to 50 bowmen apiece. Resid-
ence : Kathi, Khandesh, Bombay.

KATHIWARA, Thakur Bahadur Singh,
Thakur of. A ruling chief ; b. 1839.
Succeeded to the gadi in 1865. Belongs
to a Rajput (Hindu) family. The area
of the State is 68 square miles ; its
population is 2376, Hindus and Bhils.
The Thakur maintains a military force
of 39 infantry. Residence : Kathi wara,
Bhopawar, Central India.

KATIARI, Rani of. See Mahtab Kunwar.

KAT0SAN, Thakur Parhatsinghji Adaji,
Thakur of. A ruling chief ; b. Jan-
uary 31, 1876. Succeeded to the gadi



June 1, 1897. Belongs to a Makwanna
Thakura (Hindu) family. The popu-
lation of the State is about 1743.
Residence : Katosan, Mahi Kantha,
Bombay.

KATRA BALKHERA, Thakur of. See
Himmat Singh ; see also Sarnet Singh.

KAUSIL KISH0R PARSHAD MALL (of
Majhauli), Rdjd. See Majhauli.

KAVASJI. See Kawasji.

KAWARDHA, Thakur Rajpal Singh,
Thakur of. A ruling chief ; b. Novem-
ber 13, 1849. Succeeded to the gadi
December 11, 1874. Belongs to a Raj
Gond (aboriginal) family, claiming
descent from Sham Chand, from whom
the present Thakur is thirteenth in
descent. His father was the Thakur
Ram Singh of Pandaria. The area of
the State is 887 square miles ; its
population is 86,362, chiefly Hindus.
Residence: Kawardha, Bilaspur, Cen-
tral Provinces.

KAWASJI DINSHA ADENWALA,
CLE. Created a CLE. on May 26,
1894. Residence: Bombay.

KAWASJI E. PATEL, Khan Saheb.
Received the title on June 3, 1899.
Residence : Bombay.

KAWASJI HATTI DARU, Khan Saheb.
The title was conferred on January 1 ,
1896. Residence: Seoni, Central
Provinces.

KAWASJI H0RMASJI DADA CHARJI,

Khan Saheb. The title is personal,
and was conferred on January 1, 1889.
Residence: Aden.

KAWASJI JAMSHEDJI LALKAKA,

KhdnBahcidur ; b. September 19, 1851.
The title was conferred on February
21,1884, for eminent services rendered
to the State in the Postal Department.
Belongs to a Parsi family, son of
Jamshedji Dosabji Lalkaka. Is a
Justice of the Peace, April 1881. Acted
as Deputy-Postmaster General of the
Central Provinces and Berar in 1889,
and of Rajputana in 1890. Married,
December 3, 1873, Manikbai, daughter
of Nasarwanji Khurshidji Sabavala of
Surat; and has issue two sons —
Jahangir, b. May 29, 1875; and Kai-
khushro, b. June 27, 1878. Residence :
Ahmadabad, Bombay.

KAWASJI KAIKHTJSRTJ JASSAWALA,

Khan Saheb, The title is personal , and



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



135



was conferred on May 24, 1889. Resi-
dence: Aden.

KAYATHA, Thakur Sheodan Singh,
Thdkur of. A ruling chief; b. 1848.
Succeeded to the gadi 1863. Belongs
to a Rdjput (Hindu) family. Resi-
dence : Kayatha, Indore, Central India.

KAZI.— A prefix.

KAZIM ALI, Mirza Bahadur. The
Mirza Bahddur is the grandson of the
late Muhammad Ali Shah, King of
Oudh, hting a son of the Mirza Azim-
us Shan Bahadur, son of that monarch.
Residence: Oudh.

KAZIM AH KHAN (1), Nawdb Bahadur.
The NaWib Bahddur is a grandson
of the late Muhammad Ali Shah,
King of Oudh, being a son of the
Nawab Nuazzam-ud-dauld Bahadur,
by a daughter of that monarch. Resi-
dence : Lucknow, Oudh.

KAZIM All KHAN (2), Nawab Bahadur.
The Nawab Bahadur is a great-grand-
son of the late Saddat Ali Khan, King
of Oudh, being a son of the Nawab
Ikhtiar-ud-daula Bahadur, who was a
grandson of that monarch. Residence :
Lucknow, Oudh.

EAZIM HUSAIN, Muhammad, Khur-
shed Jah, Mirza Bahadur, Prince. See
Muhammad.

KAZIM HUSAIN KHAN, Muhammad (of
Paintipur), Rdjd. See Muhammad.

KEDAR NATH, Pandit, Rai Bahadur.
The title was conferred on January 1,
1894. ^ Residence: Meerut, North-
Western Provinces.

KEDAR NATH CHATTARJI, Rai

Bahadur. The title is personal, and
was conferred on June 6, 1885. Resi-
dence : Bali, Bengal.

KEDAR NATH KUNDU CHAUDHRI,

Rai Bahadur. The title is personal,
and was conferred on May 24, 1884.
Residence: Howrah, Bengal.

KEDAR PRASSANNA LAHIRI, Rai

Bahadur. Received the title on
January 1, 1898. Is Zamindar of
Kasimpur. Residence : Kasimpur,
Rajshahi, Bengal.



SINGH (of Khiva), Sarddr.
The title is hereditary. Belongs to a
Sikh family descended from the Sarddr
Rai Maha Singh ; who, with his son,
Sarddr Laha Singh, fell in battle in



the service of Sardar Charat Singh,
head of the Sikh misl or confederacy
known as Sukarchakia, and grand-
father of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh
of Lahore. Sardar Amar Singh, son
of Laha Singh, was taken into the
service of Sardar Charat Singh, re-
ceived a jdgir, and served with
distinction under Charat Singh's son,
Sarddr Daydl Singh, and under his
grandson the Mahdrdjd. After his
death his three sons, Sarddrs Fateh
Singh, Daydl Singh, and Mohar
Singh, rose into favour with the
Mahdrdjd ; and the last especially dis-
tinguished himself in an action with
the Afghdns at Khiva in the Gujrat
district. Mohar Singh subsequently
retired to Benares, and the Mahdrdjd
Ranjit Singh confiscated his jdgirs.
His brother, Sarddr Daydl Singh
(grandfather of the present Sarddr),
fought in the battle of Attock, 1813,
where he was severely wounded ; and
he was again wounded in the expedition
to Kashmir, for which he received some
valuable jdgirs. He died in 1832 ; and
his son, Sarddr Bishan Singh, died two
years afterwards, leaving Kishan, a
child of two years of age. Sarddr
Kishan Singh was loyal in the time of
the Multdn rebellion of 1848-49 ; and
later, in the time of the Mutiny of
1857, he rendered good service to
Government, and was rewarded for it.
He died in 1860, and Sarddr Kehar
Singh is the surviving member of the
family. He is also known as the
Sarddr Nand Singh. Residence :
Khiva, Gujrat District, Punjab.

KENDA, Thdkur of. See Khenda ; see
also Rdm Singh.

KEONTHAL, Raja Balbir Sain, Rdjd of.
A ruling chief ; b. 1852. Succeeded to
the gadi August 23, 1882. Belongs to
a very ancient Rdjput family, that
bore the title of Rand from early times
till 1857, when the title of Rdjd was
conferred on Rdnd Sansar Sain for his
services in the time of the Mutiny.
After the expulsion of the Gurkhas a
portion of the State was made over to
the Mahdrdjd of Partidla, and the
remainder was confirmed to the then
Rand by a sanad of the British
Government in 1815. He has six
feudatory Chiefs subordinate to him,
viz. the Chiefs of Thiog, Koti, Ghund,
Kheri, Madhan, and Ratesh ; and of



136



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



these the first four are tributaries.
The area of the State is 112 square
miles ; its population is 31,154, chiefly
Hindus. The Raja maintains a mili-
tary force of 108 infantry and 2 guns.
Residence : Keonthal, Simla Hills,
Punjab.

KERALA VARMA RAJA, Rdjd. See

Chirakal, Valiya Rdjd of.

KERALA VARMA RAJA, Rdjd. See
Kottayam, Valiya Rdjd of.

KERALA VARMA VALIYA KOIL TAM-
BURAN, C.S.I. Is the consort of Her
Highness the Senior Rani of Travancore,
was created a Companion of the Most
Exalted Order of the Star of India on
May 25, 1895. Residence : Trivan-
drum, Travancore.

KEROWLEE, His Highness the Mahdrdjd
of. See Karauli.

KESARI. See Kishori.

KESHAB KANTA SINGH, Rdjd; h.
November 1852. The title is personal,
and was conferred on February 2, 1861,
the Raja being the grandson and
representative of the late Raja
Chandra Kanta Singh, the last reign-
ing Raja of Assam. Belongs to the
historical Ahom dynasty, who were
rulers in Assam for many centuries,
and are said to be originally Shans
from Burma. The first Raja of the
dynasty who adopted Hinduism is
stated to have been Chuhum-Pha, who



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