Roper Lethbridge.

The golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon online

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versity, at the town of Krishnagar,
which is the capital of Nadiya ; and he
subscribed largely to the funds, both
for the building and for the endow-
ment of that important institution.
The present Maharaja Bahadur was
his son by adoption, and has only
recently (1890) attained his majority.
Residence: Krishnagar, Nadiya, Bengal.

KHIVA, Sarddr of. See Kehar Singh.

KHOJANKHERA, Thakur Bakhtawar
Singh, Thakur of. A ruling chief ; b.
1860. Succeeded to the gadi in 1878.
Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu) family.
The population of the State is about
500. Residence: Khojankhera,Western
Malwa, Central India.

KH0MAN SINGH, Bakhshi, C.S.I. See
Bakhshi.

KH0RY, A. .M M Khan Bahadur. The
title is personal, and was conferred on
February 16, 1887, on the occasion of
the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign.
Residence : Mhow, Central India.



KHUDA BAKHSH, Jamadar, Khan
Saheb. The title was conferred on
January 1, 1896. Residence: The
Somali Coast.

KHUDA BAKHSH, Maulavi, Khan
Bahadur. The title is personal, and
was conferred on January 1, 1883, as a
reward for highly meritorious service
as Government Pleader. Residence:
Patna, Bengal.

KHUDA BAKHSH, Shaikh, Khan Baha-
dur. The title was conferred on
January 1, 1895. Residence : Amritsar,
Punjab.

KHUDA KAKHSH KHAN walad JAM

NINDO, Mir. The title is hereditary,
the Mir being the representative of
one of the Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at
the time of the annexation. He is the
only son of the Jam Nindo Khan, a
member of the Sohrabani branch of
the Talpur family. Residence: Hy-
derabad, Sind.

KHUDADAD KHAN, Khan Saheb. The
title is personal, and was conferred on
January 2, 1888. Residence: Sukkur,
Sind.

KHUDADAD KHAN, Kazi, Arbab, Khan
Bahadur. The title was conferred on
June 22, 1897. Residence: Quetta,
Baluchistan.

KHUDADAD KHAN imlad KHAIR
MUHAMMAD KHAN, Mir. The title
has been continued for life, the Mir
being the representative of one of the
Mirs or Chiefs of Sind at the time of
the annexation. Residence: Shikar-
pur, Sind.

KHUDADAD KHAN RAZU KHAN,

Khan Bahadur. The title was con-
ferred on January 1, 1892. Residence:
Karachi, Sind.

KHUMAN SINGH (of Ghatakheri),
Thakur. The title is hereditary. Rest'
dence : Nimar, Central Provinces.

KHURDA, Raja of. See Mukund Deb.

KHURSHID JAH, Bahadur, K.C.I.E.,

Sir, JVawdb, Shams-ul-Umara, Amir-i-
Kabir. One of the Premier Nobles of
the Hyderabad State. The Nawab
Bahadur, who was born about the
year 1838, is the present representa-
tive (with his brother, Sir Vikar-
ul-Umara, q.v., and his late cousin,
Sir Asman Jah) of the great and
powerful Shamsiya family, the first



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



143



among the noble families of Hydera-
bad, which has been frequently con-
nected by marriage with the Ruling
House, and entrusted with the heredi-
tary command of the Paigah or House-
hold Troops of the Nizam. Descended
from the famous captain, Shaikh Abul
Khair Khan, Imam Jang, Shamsher
Bahadur, who was a Mansabdar in
Malwa under the Emperor Aurangzeb.
He attached himself to the fortunes of
the great Asaf Jah, the founder of
the Hyderabad dynasty, under whose
banner he rose to the highest com-
mands. In 1745 he defeated a Mah-
ratta force, and under the successors
of Asaf Jah, the Nizams Nasir Jang
and Salabat Jang, he continued his
successful career. In 1752 he died at
Burhanpur, and was succeeded by his
son, Abul Fateh Khan Teg Jang, who
became the first Noble of the Nizam
Ali, obtaining the command of the
Paiaak or Household Troops, immense
territorial possessions, and the titles of
Shams-ud-daula, Shams-ul-Mulk, and
Shams-ul-Umara. He died in 1786,
when campaigning in Panghul, and
was succeeded by his son, who at the
early age of four had received from
the Nizam the titles of Ba-ud-din
Khan, Imam Jang, Khurshid-ud-daula,
and Khurshid-ul-Mulk. He succeeded
to all the honours of his father, and
became a famous scholar and savant,
receiving at various times the titles of
Teg Jang, Shams-ud-daula, Shams-
ul-Mulk, Shams-ul-Umara Bahadur,
and in 1827 the title of Amir-i-
Kabir. In 1849 he became for a short
time Prime Minister of Hyderabad.
He died in 1862, leaving two sons,
Umdat-ul-Mulk (who became Amir-i-
Kabir) and Ikhtidar-ul-Mulk (who be-
came Vikar-ul-Uinara). The former
died in 1877, when the latter succeeded
him in the family honours, and as Co-
Regent of the State, adding the title
of Amir-i-Kabir to that of Vikar-ul-
Umara. He died in 1881, leaving two
sons, the Nawab Sir Khurshid Jah
Bahadur and the Nawab Sir Vikar-ul-
Umara (Ikbal-ud-daula, Bahadur). Sir
Khurshid was created a Knight Com-
mander of the Most Eminent Order of
the Indian Empire on February 16,
1887, on the occasion of the Jubilee
of the reign of Her Most Gracious
Majesty; and he has held the offices
of Member of the Council of Regency,



and Member of the Council of State.
The Nawab is a fine Persian and Urdu
scholar, and has travelled in many
parts of India. Like their late kinsman
Sir Asman Jah, both Sir Khurshid Jah
and his brother Sir Vikar-ul-Umara
have shared the fortune of their an-
cestor, in allying themselves in mar-
riage with Princesses of the Royal
House of Hyderabad. In his palace at
Hyderabad are to be seen the sword
and armour of his ancestor, Abul Fateh
Khan Teg Jang, a warrior of great size
and height. Residences: Hyderabad;
Shams-ul-Umara's Baradari, Hyder-
abad.

KHUSHAL SINGH (of Eajaur), Rdjd;
b. 1846. The title is hereditary ; the
Raja being one of the Chiefs of the
Chauhan Rajputs, and boasting a direct
descent from Prithiraj, the last Chau-
han Rajput Emperor of Delhi, whose
romantic history is sung by every
Hindu bard, and whose fall virtually
transferred the sovereignty of India
from the Hindus to the Muham-
madans. Prithiraj perished in battle
with Shahab-ud-din Ghori in 1193 a.d.
Eighth in descent from him was the
famous Bhoj Raj of Hansi, who re-
conquered Ajmir, the old home of the
Chauhan Rajputs — Prithiraj having
been the son of a Chauhan Raja of
Ajmir by a daughter of the Tomara
Rajput Raja of Delhi, Anang Pal, and
having been adopted by his maternal
grandfather at Delhi. Fifth in descent
from Bhoj Raj was Dhira Raj, who
migrated from Hansi to Bilram; and
fourth in descent from him was Sakit
Deo, who founded Sakit, and whose
descendants were the Chauhan Rajas
of Sakit and Rajaur. His grandson,
Bhupal Deo, had two sons, Yahani
Sahai and Udaicharan; the latter
founded the family of the Chauhan
Rajas of Mainpuri, the former re-
mained as Raja of Sakit and Rajaur.
Seven generations later Raja Sawant
Sen was driven out of these ancestral
possessions by the army of Ibrahim
Shah Lodi, Sultan of Delhi ; but after
the subversion of the Lodi dynasty by
the invasion of Babar and his Mughals,
Sawant Sen's grandson, named Chakra
Sen, was enabled to return 'to Sakit and
Rajaur as a feudatory of the Mughal
Emperor. Eight generations followed
each other in peaceful possession of



144



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



the Raj under the strong arm of the
Mughals ; and Raja Hari Singh in the
time of Aurangzeo was famous for his
prowess, won many battles, and was
high in the favour both of that
Emperor and of his successors, the
Emperors Farukhsiyar and Muham-
mad Shah. But in the time of Hari
Singh's son, Raj Singh, the country
was given up to anarchy, and during
this disturbed period Sakit was seized
by the Nawab of Farukhabad, and was
lost for ever to the Chauhan Rajas of
Rajaur. Raj Singh's grandson was
Raja Datta Singh; and the grandson
of the latter was the late Raja Drigpal
Singh, father of the present Raja.
Raja Khushal Singh has two sons,
Kunwar Lai Jagmohan Singh, born
1873 ; and Kunwar Lai Dharm Singh,
born 1883. Residence: Rajaur, Etah,
North- Western Provinces.

KHUSHAL SINGH, Subadar-Major,

Rai Bahadur. The title was conferred
for eminent military services on May
25, 1894. Residence : Burma.

KHUSHALRAI SARABHAI, Rai Baha-
dur. The title is personal, and was
conferred on January 1, 1877, on the
occasion of the Proclamation of Her
Most Gracious Majesty as Empress
of India. Residence: Ahmadabad,
Bombay.

KHWAJA— A prefix.

KHYRIM, A., Khur Singh, Seim of. A
. ruling chief ; b. 1843. Succeeded to
the (jadi December 4, 1871. The Seim
is Chief of one of the Khasi and
Jaintia Hill States, the population of
which is about 24,000, and consists of
Khasis and Christian converts. Resi-
dence : Khyrim, Khasi Hills, Assam.

KINNU RAI, Rai Bahadur; b. 1829.
The title is personal, and was con-
ferred on June 6, 1885, in recognition
of his loyal services during the time
of the Mutiny in 1857, when he
protected the Stud property of the
Government at the risk of his own
life. Residence: Ghdzipur, North-
Western Provinces.

KINWUN MINGYI MAUNG GATING,
C.S.I. Created a C.S.I. on February
16,1887. Residence: Burma.

KIRALI, Cholu walad Apsingh Naik,
Chief of. A ruling chief; b. 1861.
Succeeded to the gadi November 1,



1886. Belongs to a Bhil (aboriginal)
family. The State (which is one of
the Dang States of Khandesh) has an
area of 12 square miles, and a popula-
tion of 1671, chiefly Bhils. Residence^
Kirali, Khandesh, Bombay.

KIRAT CHAND (of Lambagraon), Mian.
The title is hereditary, the Mian
being the brother of the late Raja
Partab Chand of Lambagraon, and
the uncle of the present Raja, Jai
Chand (q.v.) of Lambagraon, who is
the head of the great Katoch Rajput
family of Kangra. The Mian is the
younger son of Mian Rudra Chand of
Lambagraon, who was the grandson of
the Raja Tegh Chand of Kangra, and
who became the head of the Kaugra
family on the failure of the elder
branch. Residence : Lambagraon, Kan-
gra, Punjab.

KIRPAL SINGH (of Dhin), Sardar; b.
1836. The title is hereditary. The
Sardar is the head of a Jat family of
Sikhs, descended from Sardar Parsa
Singh. The latter was the nephew
and heir of Sardar Sham Singh, who
at the time of the decline of the Mug-
hal Empire came from the district of
Amritsar, conquered the territory of
Dhin in the Ambala district of the
Punjab, and settled there. Parsa
Singh's grandson was the Sarddr Ranjit
Singh, who was slain by Kanh Singh,
and who was succeeded by his son, the
present Sarddr. Residence: Anibala,
Punjab.

KIRTI SAH (of Tehri), Raja. See Tehri.

KISHAN. See Krishna.

KISHAN DATT SINGH (of Oel), Rdjd;
b. 1861. Succeeded his father, the late
Raja of Oel, on October 18, 1879.
The title is hereditary, having been
originally conferred by the late King
of Oudh in 1849, and recognized by
the British Government in December
1877. Belongs to the Janwar family
of Kheri, Oudh, of which the elder
branch is represented by the Raja
Achal Singh (q.v .) of Kaimahra. But
the late Rdjd of Oel, Rdjd Anrudh
Singh, was recognized as the head of
the Kheri Janwars on account of his
great wealth and ability. The family
were originally Chauhdn Rdjputs in
the service of the Sayyids of Pihdni,
having migrated from Rdjputdna in
the sixteenth century. In the time of



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



145



Sayyid Khurd, Jamni Khan Jan war
became Chaudhri of Kheri in 1553
a.d., with the right to levy a cess on
all the lands in that Pargand. His
descendants gradually increased their
possessions, the Chaudhri Parbal Singh
Janwar owning Oel, Kaimahra, and
Khogi , and his descendant, the Rai
Than Singh, of Oel, owning many
more villages. In 1838 Rai Umrao
Singh was the head of the family.
The Rai Bakht Singh, grandfather of
the late Raja Anrudh Singh, built a
large and handsome temple at Oel.
The Raja has a son and heir, named
Kunwar Baldeo Singh. Residence:
Oel, Kheri, Oudh.

KISHAN KUMAR, Rai (of Sahespur),
Rdjd; b. December 25, 1848. The title
of Raja is personal, and was conferred
on May 24, 1882, the family title
being Rai. Belongs to a Kshatriya
(Rajput) family, said to have come
from the Punjab, and settled in the
district of Moradabad, in the reign of
the Emperor Muhammad Shah, by
whom the title of Rai was conferred
on its then head. On the cession of
Rohilkhand, Rai Atma Ram, great-
grandfather of the present Rdjd, was
chakladdr of Bijnor, and subsequently
he entered the service of the British
Government. His grandson, the late
Rai Pardaman Kishan, rendered good
services during the Mutiny of 1857-58,
assisting the British officers who had
taken refuge at Naini Tal by sending
them money and information. For
these services he was rewarded with a
grant of estates. The present Raja
received a Medal of Honour at the
Imperial Assemblage of Delhi on
January 1, 1877, on the occasion of
the Proclamation of Her Most Gracious
Majesty as Empress of India ; and a
khilat at the Agra Darbar of February
10, 1879. He is an Honorary Magis-
trate. ?He has a son and heir, Kunwar
Raj Kumar. Residence : Sahespur,
Moradabad, North- Western Provinces.

KISHAN KUNWAR (of Rdmpur), Rdni;
b. September 1857. The title is here-
ditary, the Raja of Rampur being the
acknowledged head of the Rahtor Raj-
puts in Northern India, and boasting
direct descent from the famous Jai-
chandra, the last Rahtor Rdjd of
Kanauj, who was slain in 1191 A.D.,
when the Empire of Kanauj was sub-



verted by Shahdb-ud-dinGhori. Their
Highnesses the Mahdrdjds of Jodhpur
and Bikanir (q.v .) are descended from
the eldest son of Jaichandra, the
former being the head of the whole
Rdhtor clan ; and the Rdjd of Rdmpur
is descended from his second son, who
was named Jaipdl. Prajanpdl, the
fifth in descent from Jaipdl, left
Kanauj, and established himself at
Khor, where the family remained for
many generations . There Jaideo, four-
teenth in descent from Jaipdl, was
attacked by Altamsh, and driven out
after a siege of twelve years. Eight
generations later Karan Singh settled
in the district of Budaun. His great-
grandson, Rdjd Pratdp Rudra, received
a grant of territory from the Nawab of
Farukhabad for assisting him against
the Rohillas; and subsequently the
Rdjd Rdmsahai, twenty-eighth in de-
scent from Jaipdl, established the
family residence at Rdmpur in Etah,
where it still remains. At the time of
the cession of the territories of the
Nawdb to the British, Nawdl Singh
was the Rdjd of Rdmpur, and his
grandson, the late Rajd Rdm Chandra
Singh, was the husband of the present
Rdni. He died on May 20, 1883, and
was succeeded by his widow. The
Rdni has a grandson and heir, named
Ldl Jagmohan Singh, born in 1877.
Residence: Azamnagar, Etah, North-
western Provinces.

KISHAN LAL, Pandit, Rai Bahadur.
The title was conferred on January 1,
1895. Residence : Mustafabad, Punjab.

KISHAN SINGH, Sarddr ; b. 1847. The
title is hereditary. Belongs to a Jat
(Sikh) family, descended from the
Sarddr Gurbakhsh Singh, who acquired
some territory in the Ambdla district
by conquest in 1759 a.d. The repre-
sentatives of the family rendered good
service during the first Sikh war of
1845-46, and also at the time of the
Mutiny in 1857. Residence: Ambdla,
Punjab.

KISHAN SINGH (of Rai), Midn. The
title is hereditary. Belongs to a Rdj-
put family, descended from Rdjd Indar
Singh, who ruled in Shdhpur in the
Kdngra district. He married a daugh-
ter of the Katoch Rdjd of Kdngra (see
Jai Chand, Rdjd of Lambagraon,
Kdngra), whither he fled when driven
out of his territory by Rdjd Pirthi
L



146



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



Singh ; and his grandson, Mian Ishri
Singh, father of the present Mian,
obtained a considerable jdgir from
the Rajd Sansar Chand of Kangra, son
of Raja Tegh Chand. Ishri Singh's
sister was married to the Jammu
Eaja, Dhian Singh. Residence: Rai,
Kangra, Punjab.

KISHAN SINGH, Milmyal, Rai Baha-
dur; b. August 13, 1850. The title
was conferred on December 12, 1884,
in recognition of his remarkable
services to the State, and to science,
as an explorer in Nepal, Great Tibet,
Mongolia, and elsewhere. Belongs to
a Rajburah family of Rajputs long
settled in Kum&un, who, during the
rule of the Chands and Gurkhas
there, held lease of the Parganas of
Johar and Dhanpur. In 1812 his
father, Deo Singh, procured the re-
lease of two British subjects from
Tibet. The Rai Bahadur has been
deputed on exploration duty four
times, and has received honours from
the Royal Geographical Society, and
the Geographical Society of France, as
well as substantial rewards from the
Government. Residence : Kumaun,
North-Western Provinces.

KISHANGARH, His Highness Maharaj-
Adhiraj Sardul Singh Bahadur,
G.C.I.E., Maharaja of. A ruling
chief ; b. December 10, 1857. Succeeded
to the (/add December 25, 1879. Is
one of the Chiefs of the great R&htor
clan of Rajputs (see Jodhpur), and
belongs to the Kishansinghot sept or
sub-clan, so called from Kishan Singh,
who was the founder of this State and
city, and was the second of the twelve
sons of Raja Udai Singh of Jodhpur,
nicknamed Mota Raja (the Fat Raja)
by the Emperor Akbar. His Highness
is a Hindu of the Ballabhkul Vaish-
nava sect, and was the son and suc-
cessor of the late Maharaja Pirthi
Singh. He was married in 1870 a.d.
to the eldest daughter of the Maharao
Umed Singhji of Sirohi, and on
January 1, 1892, was created a Knight
Grand Commander of the Most Emin-
ent Order of the Indian Empire. His
Highness has only one son, the
Maharaj-Kunwar Madan Singh, born
November 2, 1884, who is now the
heir-apparent, as in March 1880 the
Maharaja had the sorrow of losing an
elder son when only five years old.



The Maharaja has two younger
brothers — Maharaj Jawan Singhji, and
Maharaj Raghunath Singhji. The
families most nearly related to His
Highness are the Rdjwin (or royal)
family groups of Fatehgarh and
Ralaota, which are, however, con-
nected with him only in the seventh
and eighth degrees of relationship
respectively. As descendant of the
Mota Raja\ Udai Singh of Jodhpur,
the Maharaja has sub-clan relation-
ship with the Chiefs of Jodhpur and
Bikanir in Rdjputana; Ratlam, Jha-
bua, Sailana, Sitamau, and other
Rahtor Chiefs of Central India; and
Idar in Gujarat. By marriage His High-
ness is related to all the other great
Rajput Houses, being himself the
head of one of the greatest and most
illustrious; viz. with the Sesodias of
Udaipur and Partabgarh, with the
Kachhwahas of Jaipur and Alwar, the
Hara Houses of Bundi and Kotah, the
Bhatis of Jaisalmir, and the Jhalds
and Shekhawats. Among the more
important of these matrimonial con-
nections, which are interesting as
illustrating the inter-marriages of the
most illustrious Rajput Houses, may
be mentioned the following : —

With, the Sesodias of Udaipur (the family oj
"The Sun of the Hindus").

1. His Highness's grandmother (widow of
the Maharaja Mokham Singh of Kishan-
garh) is a daughter of the Maharana Amar
Singhji of Udaipur.

2. His Highness's eldest sister is Dowager
Maharani of Udaipur, being a widow of the
late Maharana Sajan Singhji.

3. His Highness's son and heir-apparent,
the Maharaj -Kunwar Madan Singh, has been
recently betrothed to the fourth daughter
of His Highness the present Maharana
Fateh Singhji.

The Kachhwahas of Jaipur.

His Highness's third sister is married to
the present Maharaja Sawai Madho Singhji,
Chief of Jaipur, and is the Maharjini of
Jaipur.

The KachModhas of Aliear.

His Highness's second sister was married
to the late lamented Maharaja Man gal
Singhji, late Chief of Alwar, and was the
(Pat) head Maharani of Alwar.

The Haras of Bundi.

1. The late Maharaja Ramsingh of Bundi's
mother was a Kishangarh Princess.

2. His Highness's niece, a daughter of
Maharaj Jawan Singhji, has been recently
betrothed to the younger brother of the
present Maharaja of Bundi,



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



147



The Jhdlds of Jhalawar.

His Highness's fourth and youngest sister
is married to the Maharaj Rana Zalim
Singhji, present Chief of Jhalawar, and is
the (Pat) head Maharani of Jhalawar.

To the above may be added that His
Highness's mother was a Princess of
the" Rana wat" (Sesodia) clan, being a
daughter of the late Raja Dhiraj Madho
Singhji of Shahpura. In addition to the
titles given above, formally recognized
by the Government as belonging to the
Maharaja of Kishangarh, His Highness
also bears those of Vmdai Rajhai and
Buland Makan. The area of the State
is 724 square miles; its population is
112,633, chiefly Hindus, but including
8492 Muhammadans and 6295 Jains.
The Maharaja maintains a military
force of 499 cavalry, 2000 infantry, and
51 guns ; and is entitled to a salute of
15 guns. Arms. — Argent, three towers
proper, two and one ; in chief a Barry of
5 — gules, vert, argent, azure, or. [This is
the Rajput Pancharanga ; see Jaipur.]
Supporters. — Two horses. Crest. — A
falcon rising, proper. [This is the sacred
Garur, the cognizance of the Rahtor
Rajputs; see Jodhpur.] Motto. — The
Hindi words Niti Riti, meaning "Law
and Usage." Residence: Kishangarh,
Rajputana.

KISHEN DAS, Sri, Rai Bahadur. See
Sri Kishen Das.

KISHEN SINGH, Bhai, Sarddr. Re-
ceived the title on January 2, 1899.
Residence : Kurram, Punjab Frontier.

KISHOR SINGH (of Jhamari), Rao;
b. 1840. The title is hereditary, and
the Raos of Jhamari formerly held
great possessions in the Sagar district.
The title was originally conferred by
the Raja Mori Pahludh of Chanderi,
and has been recognized by the British
Government. The Rao has two sons,
the elder (who has the courtesy title
of Diwan) being Diwan Parichhat Singh
Jangjit, and the younger being Jujhar
Singh. Residence: Jhamari, Sagar,
Central Provinces.

KISHORI. See also Kesri.

KISHORI LAL (of Gurgaon), Rai
Bahadur. The title was conferred as
a personal distinction on January 1,
1891. Residence: Rajputana and
Malwa Railway, Bombay.

KISHORI LAL (of Muzaffarnagar), Rai

Bahadur. The title was conferred



as a personal distinction on January 1,
1892. Residence : Marwar, Rajputana.

KISHUN. See Kishan.

KIZHAKKE KOVILAGAM MANA
VDXRAMA, Raja. See Calicut.

KIZHAKKE MELEDATHDL KUNJI
KOMBI ACHCHHAN (of Palghat),

Valiya Rdjd. See Palghat.

KODANDA RAO PANTULU, P., Rao

Bahadur. See Pandurangi.

KODE NARAYANASWAMI NAYUDU,

Rai Bahadur; b. 1846. The title is
personal, and was conferred on
February 16, 1887, on the occasion of
the Jubilee of the reign of Her Most
Gracious Majesty. Entered the
Government service in 1874 ; has
rendered good service both in the
Central Provinces and in Madras.
During the Rumpa and Gudiem dis-
turbances, 1879-86, served with much
distinction in the Madras Police, and
again in the Golugonda Hill disturb-
ances of 1891. Residence : Viziana-
gram, Vizagapatam, Madras.

KOIL TAMBURANG, C.S.L See Kerala.

KOLHAPUR, His Highness Sir Shahu
Chhatrapati Maharaj, G.C.S.I., Rdjd
of. A ruling chief ; b. 1875. Succeeded
to the gadi as a minor on March 17, 1884.
Is a descendant of the Mahratta family
of Sivaji the Great, the founder of
the Mahratta Empire, being descended
from Raja Ram, his second son, and
husband of the famous Tara Bai.
Sivaji's elder son Sambhaji was taken
prisoner by the Emperor Aurangzeb,
and ultimately executed ; and his son
Shahu was long detained in prison by
the Mughals, but obtained his liberty
in 1707, fixed his capital at Satara,and
asserted his rights as the heir of his
grandfather Sivaji. Meanwhile Raja
Ram had died, and his widow, Tara
Bai, a woman of great ability and
courage, assumed the administration
of Kolhapur in the name of her elder
son Sivaji II., who was an idiot child
of ten years, and proclaimed him
Raja of the Mahrattas. The latter
died in 1712, when his half-brother
Sambhaji (son of Raja Ram by
another wife) succeeded him, and
removed Tara Bai from the adminis-
tration. The contending claims of



148



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



Shahu, Raja of Sat&ra, and Sambhaji,
Raja of Kolhapur, were at length
settled in 1731, when precedence was
surrendered to Satara, and the in-
dependence of Kolhapur acknow-
ledged. In 1811 a treaty with the
British Power was concluded, by which
Kolhapur became a feudatory ; and as
the Raja remained faithful to the
British cause in the war against the
Peshwa in 1817, he received some
additional territory. A descendant,
Sivaji III., died in 1866, and on his
deathbed was allowed to adopt his
sister's son, Raja Ram. In 1870 Raja
Ram visited Europe, and died at
Florence on his return journey. His
adopted son was Sivaji Maharaja
Chhatrapati IV., who was made a
Knight of the Most Exalted Order of
the Star of India. He became insane,
and the Government appointed a
relative, the Chief of Kagal, as Regent.
Sivaji IV.died in December 1883, and
was succeeded, by adoption, by His
Highness the present Raja, who was



Online LibraryRoper LethbridgeThe golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon → online text (page 27 of 63)