Roper Lethbridge.

The golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon online

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Granted the title, as a personal dis-
tinction, January 2, 1893, for eminent
services as a Deputy Collector in North
Arcot. Residence: North Arcot,

SYAM. See Shyam.

TAGORE, Maharaja Sir Joteendro Mo-
han, Bahadur, K.C.S.I., Mahdrdjd
Bahadur ; b. 1831. Is one of the chief
members of the well-known Tagore
family of Calcutta, and eldest son of
the late Babu Hara Kumar Tagore.
Descended from Bhatta Narayan, the
chief of the famous five Brahmans of
Kanauj, whom King Vira Singh of
Kannuj sent to Bengal at the request
of King Adisur of Bengal about the
year 994 a.d. Bhatta Narayan is re-
puted to have left sixteen sons, among
whom was Nri Singh or Nanu, a
Suddha Srotriya, the ancestor of the
Thakurs — or, as the name has been
Anglicized, the Tagores. Eighth in
descent from him was Dharanidhara,
the author of a Commentary on the
Institutes of Manu, and his grandson,
Dhananjai, was a Judge under the
King Ballala Sena of Bengal, who
established the system of Kulinism in



the social classification of the Brah-
mans and Kayasthas of Bengal. " The
main object of this system," wrote the
learned Raja Rajendra Lala Mitra,
D.C.L., "was to give pre-eminence to
the five Brahmans and five Kayasthas
who had been brought to Bengal by
Adisur." The son of Dhananjai was
Halayudha, who was Prime Minister
under King Lakshmana Sena of Ben-
gal, and his two grandsons, Mahendra
andGanendra, were respectively known
as the Bara Kumar and Chhota Ku-
mar. The sixth in descent from the
" Bara Kumar " was Jagannatha,
famous for his learning, who was
known as the Pandit-Rdjd, or " Prince
of Pandits " ; and his son, Purushot-
tam, again, was the author of the
Praydga Ratnamdld, and many other
learned works. It is curious to note,
as an extreme instance of the stringency
of the discipline of Kulinism, that the
Pandits condemned the marriage of
Purushottam with the daughter of a
man, otherwise of unstained reputa-
tion, who had incurred caste-penalties
by the accidental smelling of forbidden
food. The sixth in descent from Puru-
shottam was Panch&nan, who appears
to have been the first of the family to
receive the title of Thakur or Tagore,
which they still bear as a family name.
He settled at Govindpur on the banks
of the Hughli river, a mouth of the
sacred Ganges, where he bought land
and built himself a house, and a temple
dedicated to the worship of Siva. His
son, Jairam, was Amin of the Twenty-
four Parganas at the time of the Black
Hole tragedy, the capture of Calcutta
by the infamous Siraj-ud-daula, and
its recapture by the British troops;
and his paternal land at Govindpur
was subsequently taken up by Govern-
ment as the site of the new Fort, when
Jairam moved to Pathariaghatta, and
there erected the dwelling-house and
the bathing-ghat which are still the
property of the family. He died in
1762, leaving four sons, of whom two,
Darpa Narayan and Nilmani, were
the ancestors respectively of the senior
and junior branches of the Tagore

Both of these branches have been
rendered illustrious by the great men
they have produced. In the junior
branch, two of Nilmani's grandsons —
the Hon. Dwarka Nath Tagore, the

great Hindu reformer and philan-
thropist, and the Maharaja Roma Nath
Tagore, C.S.I., late Member of the
Viceroy's Legislative Council and
President of the British Indian As-
sociation — were most distinguished
men. They, with their equally dis-
tinguished cousin of the senior branch,
the Hon. Prasanna Kumar Tagore,
C.S.I., contributed almost more than
any others to that fusion of British
and Indian interests and sympathies
in the Councils of the Empire that
has been so useful in Indian adminis-
tration . The repeated visits of D warka
Nath Tagore to Europe — where he
was honoured by the most gratifying
marks of the approval of Her Majesty
and of the late Prince Consort — made
him a personage of cosmopolitan im-
portance, respected in London and
Manchester as much as in Calcutta;
and at the same time familiarized him
with all the best traditions of Western
society, and with the most recent
movements of modern thought. It
was in compliance with the humble
request of Dwarka Nath Tagore that
Her Majesty and the Prince Consort
consented to sit for those handsome
full-length portraits that now adorn
the Town Hall of Calcutta; and on
the occasion of the same visit of
Dwarka Nath to Windsor Castle, the
Queen ordered miniatures of herself
and the Prince Consort to be prepared
for presentation to this specially-
honoured guest. This was in 1842,
and in the same year he received a
Gold Medal from the Directors of the
Hon. East India Company, accom-
panied by an appreciative letter, from
which the following is an extract:
"The Court trusts that the noble
course which you have pursued will
have the effect of contributing to the
accomplishment of that object which it
has ever been their anxious desire to
promote, namely, the identification
of the feelings and interests of the
natives to their Government, and thus
strengthening the bond which unites
India with Great Britain." Dwarka
Nath Tagore died in London at the
early age of fifty-one, regretted by his
Sovereign and by all ranks of his
fellow-subjects, English as well as
Indian, August 1, 1846.

His brother, Roma Nath Tagore,
was created a Companion of the



Most Exalted Order of the Star of
India, 1874, and a Maharaja in 1877,
on the occasion of the Proclama-
tion of Her Most Gracious Majesty as
Empress of India. In 1872 he had
been appointed a Member of the
Viceroy's Legislative Council ; and he
also filled successively the offices of
Vice-President and President of the
British Indian Association. On the
occasion of the visit of His Royal
Highness the Prince of Wales to Cal-
cutta, the Maharaja was chosen to be
Chairman of the Committee of Recep-
tion, and was honoured with the gift
of a handsome ring from the Prince,
as a souvenir of the auspicious occa-
sion. The Maharaja died in 1877 ; the
above, being descendants of Nilmani
Tagore, belonged to the junior branch
of the family. Nilmani's elder brother,
Darpa Narayan Tagore, was the
ancestor of the senior branch, of which
the present head is the Maharaja
Sir Joteendro Mohun Tagore. Darpa
Narayan's second son, Gopi Mohun,
succeeded to a large share of his
father's great wealth, to which he
made immense additions during a
most successful career. His public
munificence was on a princely scale,
and on a par with his private chari-
ties ; and among many important
benefactions with which his name
was associated may be mentioned the
foundation of the Hindu College—
afterwards the Presidency College of
the University of Calcutta — to which
he contributed so largely that, with
the Maharaja of Burdwan, he was
appointed Hereditary Governor of
that great Institution. He left six
sons, of whom one, Prasanna Kumar
Tagore (already alluded to), became
one of the most famous lawyers and
politicians of modern India ; while an
elder, named Hara Kumar, distin-
guished for his blameless and success-
ful life, his amiability of character,
and his eminence as a Sanskrit scholar,
became the father of the Maharaja
Sir Joteendro Mohun, as well as of
the Raja Sir Sourindro Mohun Tagore,
Kt., CLE. (q.v.).

The Hon. Prasanna Kumar Tagore,
C.S.I., was perhaps the chief among
the founders of the Landowners' As-
sociation of Bengal, that afterwards
developed into the] British Indian As-
sociation. He was also one of the

founders of the modern system of
public instruction in India; and his
Minute on the subject, written in 1841,
was published by Government with its
Educational Regulations. He was the
most learned writer of the day, and
one of the most voluminous — chiefly
on questions of law and jurisprudence.
At his death in 1866 he left no less a
sum than nearly seven lakhs of rupees
for religious, charitable, and educa-
tional purposes, of which a portion
formed the well-known endowment
of the "Tagore Law Professorship"
of the Calcutta University. The late
Joykissen Mookerji (see Piari Mohan
Mukharji Raja) wrote of him, on the
occasion of the great Public Meeting
held in Calcutta in his honour shortly
after his death: "There was scarcely
a movement during the last forty
years, either for the assertion of the
political rights or for the social ad-
vancement of the people, in which he
was not either the originator or one of
its warmest supporters."

The late Hara Kumar Tagore, elder
brother of the Hon. Prasanna Kumar,
died in 1858, and was succeeded, as
head of the family, by the present
Mahara ja Sir Joteendro Mohun Tagore.
Born in 1831, he was educated at the
Hindu College, Calcutta, and subse-
quently under the private tuition of
Captain D. L. Richardson and others.
He displayed from an early age a
marked taste for literary composition,
both in English and in the vernacular,
and especially for poetry. He was the
author of several excellent Bengali
dramas and farces in the vernacular,
among which the Bidya Sundara Ndtak
is perhaps the best. He rendered much
help to Government in 1866, in suc-
couring the famine-stricken people of
Midnapur. He was Honorary Sacretary
of the British Indian Association for
several years ; elected its President in
1879, re-elected in 1891, and continues
still to act in that capacity. In
1870 he was chosen a Member of
the Legislative Council of Bengal
and reappointed in 1872. In 1871
he had received the title of Raja
Bahadur, and was exempted from
attendance in Civil Courts in April of
that year. He received the title of
Maharaja in January 1877, on the
occasion of the Proclamation of Her
Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of



India. Appointed a Member of the
Legislative Council of the Governor-
General in February of that year, and
in recognition of the valuable assist-
ance rendered in the discussion of the
provisions of the Civil Procedure Bill,
was re-appointed in 1879. In the latter
year he was created a Companion of
the Most Exalted Order of the Star of
India; and appointed for the third
time a Member of the Viceroy's
Council in February 1881. Created
Knight Commander of the Star of
India in May 1882 ; received the title
of Maharaja Bahadur in January 1890,
and in the January of the following
year this title was made hereditary in
his family. He made a free gift of his
interest in the land on which the Mayo
Hospital is built, and supplemented
that gift by giving Government Pro-
missory Notes for Rs. 10,000 in aid of
that institution. One of the wards of
the Mayo Hospital is named after him,
in recognition of his gift, and he
founded some valuable scholarships,
in the name of his father and of his
uncle, the Hon. Prasanna Kum&r
Tagore, C.S.I. He also set apart funds
for the provision of a gold keyur or
armlet, to be annually presented to
the best student in Sanskrit literature
in the Calcutta University, and founded
a gold medal for the best student who
passed an examination after attending
the Tagore Law Lectures, annually,
and another gold medal for the best
student in Physical Science. The
Maharajd, is a Justice of the Peace
for the town of Calcutta, Fellow of
the University of Calcutta, Trustee of
the Indian Museum (of which he was
elected President in the year 1882),
one of the Governors of the Mayo
Hospital, and a Member of the Asiatic
Society. He had the honour of being
elected the President of the Reception
Committee during the visit of the late
Prince Albert Victor in 1889. He was
Vice-President of the Syndicate of the
Calcutta University in 1881, and Presi-
dent of the Faculty of Arts in 1881-82.
He presented to the Calcutta Uni-
versity the marble statue of his uncle,
the Hon. Prasanna Kumar Tagore,
which is placed in the portico of
the Senate House. Jointly with his
brother, the Raja Sir Sourindro Mohun
Tagore, he presented a piece of land
to the Municipality of Calcutta for the

construction of a Square (to be named
after his father), in which he has at
his own expense placed a marble bust
of his father. He has also founded an
endowment for the benefit of Hindu
widows, of one lakh of rupees, under
the name of the " Maharajmata Shib
Sundari Debi's Hindu Widows' Fund."
His son and heir is the Mahar&j -Kumar
Pradyot Kumar Tagore; and he has
had four daughters, of whom one only
is alive at present. The three deceased
ladies have left five sons, viz. Kumad
Prakas, Nolin Prak&s, and Sesh Prakas
Ganguli, and Jaladbi Chandra and
Kiron Mali Mookerji, who are now
living with their grandfather the Ma-
harajd. Bahadur. Arms. — Azure, the
sun in splendour proper, surrounded
by a halo of eight points or, all within
a bordure argent. Crest. — On a tortoise
or the figure of Vishnu proper, seated,
his head surrounded by a halo of the
first. Supporters. — A Royal Bengal
tiger and an elephant, both rampant,
or. Motto. — Satyam Balam Kebalam
{Bengali, meaning "Truth is the only
Power"). Residences: The Prasad,
Calcutta; The Emerald Bower, 24-Par-
ganas, Bengal.

TAGORE, Pradyot Kumar, Mahdrdj-
Kumar. Heir of the Hon. Maharaja
Sir Joteendro Mohun Tagore, Baha-
dur, K.C.S.I. (q.v.). Residence: The
Pras&d, Calcutta.

TAGORE, Raja Sir Sourindro Mohun,
Knight, CLE., Rdjd; b. 1840. Is a
son of the late Hara Kumar Tagore,
and a younger brother of the Maha-
raja Sir Joteendro Mohun Tagore,
under whose name will be found an
account of the family history. Educated
in the Hindu College, Calcutta, he
wrote at the age of fourteen a work
on history and geography, and a year
later an original drama, in Bengali,
which was some time after followed
by a translation of Kalidasa's Mdlavi-
kdgnimitra. Has studied the Sanskrit
theory of music, on which he is the
first living authority. The Raj& is a
practical musician, and composer of a
large number of pieces of vocal, in-
strumental, and concerted music. He
wrote, translated, or edited many
works on music, the drama, and other
subjects, numbering in all about sixty.
He founded the Bengal Music School,
August 1871, and the Bengal Academy



of Music in August 1881, both these
institutions being conducted at his
expense and under his presidency.
He reduced Hindu music to a system,
and was the first to introduce its
teaching by means of the notation
which he devised. He received the
degree of Doctor of Music in April
1875 from the University of Phila-
delphia, the degree being subsequently
confirmed by the Government of India;
was made a Fellow of the University
of Calcutta, and a Companion of the
Most Eminent Order of the Indian
Empire, in 1880. In the same year he
was granted the title of Raja. He
translated the National Anthem into
Bengali, the rendering being approved
and accepted by the " National Anthem
for India" Committee, London; set
the Anthem to twelve varieties of
Indian melody at the request of the
same Committee, which addressed him
as "the highest musical authority in
India." He was created a Knight of
the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland. He is the owner of ex-
tensive landed property in eight dis-
tricts of Bengal (including Plassey,
where the famous battle was fought,
and Ganga Sagar, the celebrated place
of pilgrimage at the mouth of the
Ganges). He is a connoisseur of gems,
and author of Marimdld, a voluminous
work on the subject. He is a pious
Hindu, and contributes liberally to-
wards objects of public utility ; main-
tains a charitable Homoeopathic Dis-
pensary in Calcutta; is Honorary
President, Fellow, or Member of many
literary and scientific societies in Asia,
Europe, Africa, America, and Australia.
He has, for his investigations into the
theory, and efforts for the advance-
ment of the art of Hindu music, ob-
tained a world-wide reputation and an
unprecedented number of decorations,
some of which are enumerated below
— Knight Commander of the Royal
Order of the Crown of Italy; of the
Most Exalted Order of Francis Joseph,
Austria; of the First Class of the
Order of Albert, Saxony ; of the Order
of Frederick, Wurtemberg ; of the
Order of Leopold, Belgium; of the
Order of Dannebrog, Denmark ; of the
Royal Order of Vasa, Sweden ; of the
French Republican Order; the Order
of the Dragon, Anamese Empire ; of
the Royal Order of Dannelo, Monte-

negro ; of the Royal Order of Kapio-
loni, Hawaiian Islands ; Knight of the
Royal Portuguese Military Order of
Christ; of the Royal Order of the
Netherlands' Lion; of the Second
Class of the High Imperial Order of
the Lion and Sun (as also the title of
Nawab Shahzada), Persia; of the
Order of Basabamala, Siam; of the
First Class of the Imperial Order of
"Paow Sing," China; of the Gurkha
Star (and the titles of Sangita-Silpa-
Vidyasdgara and Bharatiya-Sangita-
Nayalca), Nepal ; Grand Cordon of the
Order of the bust of the Liberator
(Bolivar), Venezuela ; Officer of the
Academy, and of Public Instruction,
Paris ; Honorary Member of the Royal
Academy of St. Cecilia, Rome (being
appointed by the late King of Italy,
Victor Emmanuel). His eldest son
and heir is the Kumar Promodh
Kumar Tagore. Residence : Calcutta.

TAHARAT HUSAIN (of Gaya), Khdn
Saheb. The title was conferred on
May 25, 1892. Residence: Bhopal,
Central India.


Chairman of the Karachi Municipality.
Created a CLE. on May 21, 1898.
Residence : Karachi, Sind, Bombay.

TAHIRPUR, Rdjd of. See Shashi Shek-
hareshwar Rai.

TAING, Maung, Kyet thaye zaung shwe
Salwe ya Mm. The title was conferred
on January 1, 1892. It is indicated by
the letters K.SM. after the name, and
means " Recipient of the Gold Chain
of Honour." Residence: Toungoo,

GHULAM SHAH, Mir. The title has
been continued for life, the Mir being
the representative of one of the Mirs
or Chiefs of Sind at the time of the
annexation. Residence : Shikarpur,

dur; b. 1826. The title was conferred
on March 16, 1865, for eminent services
to Government in the Police Depart-
ment of Sind during the Mutiny of
1857. Residence : Shikarpur, Sind.

TAJAMMUL An, Sayyid, Khdn Bahd-
dur. The title was originally an
official one, in recognition of the Say-
yid's position as a Deputy Magistrate



and Deputy Collector, but on account
of his good services it was continued
for life, June 18, 1885. Residence:
Gardah, Faridpur, Bengal.

b. 1864. The title was conferred
January 1, 1887, as a personal dis-
tinction, in recognition of his position
as son-in-law of his late Highness
Prince Intizam-ul-Mulk, the third of
the titular Princes of Arcot. Resi-
dence: Madras.

TAJPUR, Rdjd of. See Shyam Singh.

TAJPURI, Thakur Motisinghji, Thdkur
of. A ruling chief; b. 1850. Belongs
to a family that is said to he de-
scended from a Pramara Rajput Chief,
who drank water at the house of a
Koli (aboriginal tribe), and whose de-
scendants were thence called Pramara
Kolis. The family first settled at
Tdjpuri in 1474 a.d., the first Thakur
being named Rdwanji. His son was
the Thakur Jesalji; and from him
there were fourteen generations to the
late Thakur Madhusinghji, who was
born in 1826, and succeeded to the
gadi in December 1858. He was suc-
ceeded by his eldest son, the present
Thakur. The area of the State is 17
square miles; its population 2292,
chiefly Hindus. Residence: Tajpuri,
Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay.

TAJ-TJD-DIN, Shaikh, Khan Bahadur.
The title was conferred, as a personal
distinction, on January 1, 1896. Resi-
dence: Bengal.

TAKHAT SINGH (of Fatehpur), Rdjd;
b. 1855. Succeeded the late Rdjd
Kishor Singh on December 1, 1896.
The title is ancient and hereditary,
having been first granted by the Raja
Karnal Nain, Raj-Gond Rdjd of Mand-
la. This old Rdj-Gond family claims an
antiquity of over 900 years in their
present jdgir of Fatehpur. Residence:
Fatehpur, Hoshangabad, Central Pro-

TAKI All, Muhammad, Mirza. See

TAKI KHAN, Mirza Muhammad, Khan
Bahadur. See Muhammad.

TAL, Rawat Onkar Singh, Rawat of. A
ruling chief; b. 1853. Succeeded to
the gadi as a minor in 1859. Belongs
to a Doria Rdjput (Hindu) family.
The State contains a population of

about 1600. Residence: Tal, Central

TALCHER, Raja Ram Chandra Birbar
Hari Chandan Mahipatra, Rdjd of.
A ruling chief ; b. December 22, 1856.
Succeeded to the gadi as a minor
November 8, 1873. Belongs to a Rdj-
put (Hindu) family, claiming descent
from the ancient Solar dynasty of
Ajudhya. The founder, Narhari Singh,
came into Orissa from Ajudhya (Oudh);
and having conquered the aboriginal
tribes, established himself as Rdjd.
From him the seventh in direct lineal
descent, the Rdjd Ayadi, assumed the
style or title of Birbar Harichandan
Mahipatra, which has been borne
by all his successors. The family
cognizance is a tiger's head. The
eighteenth in succession was the
Raja Dayanidhi Birbar Harichandan
Mahipatra Bahddur; he received the
title of Rdjd Bahddur from the British
Government for good services rendered
in quelhng disturbances in the neigh-
bouring State of Angul. The State,
which is one of the Orissa Tributary
Mahals, had come under British con-
trol, November 24, 1803. It has an
area of 399 square miles, and a popu-
lation of 35,590, chiefly Hindus. The
late Rdjd Bahddur was succeeded by
his son, the present Rdjd, in 1873.
The latter maintains a military force
of 493 infantry and 2 guns. Residence :
Talcher, Orissa, Bengal.

TALWANDI, Sarddr of. See Lai Singh.

TAMBURAN, Kerala Varma Valiya
Koil, CS.I. See Kerala.

TAMKTJHI, Rdjd of. See Satrujit Partdb
Bahddur Sahai.

TAPPA, Thakur Takht Singh, Thdkur
of. A ruling chief ; b. 1857. Succeeded
to the gadi August 24, 1866. Belongs
to a Rdjput (Hindu) family. The State
contains a population of about 1200 ;
and is feudatory to Gwalior, having
been granted to the Thdkur Rup Singh
in 1822 by the Mahdrdjd Daulat Rao
Sindhia. The late Chief, who died in
1865, left no heir, and the present
Thdkur, being a relative, was adopted
in 1866, with the sanction of the
Mahdrdjd Sindhia of Gwalior. Resi-
dence : Tappa, Bhopdl, Central India.

See Tdrddds,



TARA MOTI (of Dilehri), Rdni; b. 1846.
Belongs to a Raj-Gond family, de-
scended from Ranj or Singh, who
obtained the title of Raja for military
services rendered to one of the kings
of the ancient Gond dynasty of Mandla.
In the disturbances of 1842 the Raja
Senapat of Dilehri captured the rebel
leader Bhagwant Singh of Hirdapur,
whose estate was confiscated and con-
ferred on Raja Senapat as a reward
for his loyalty. The latter was suc-
ceeded by his son Dalip Singh, who
died while still an infant, when the
title of Raja became extinct, and the
estate escheated to Government. The
estate was, however, ultimately settled
at light rates with the Diwan Murat
Singh, brother of Raja Sendpat, and
other members of the family. The
Diwan Murat Singh rendered good
service during the Mutiny of 1857, and
was rewarded with a handsome khilat
by Government. He was succeeded by
his son, Balbhadar Singh (husband of
the Rani), who was known as the Raja
of Dilehri. His son, Ratan Singh, died
as a minor, and was succeeded by his
mother, widow of Balbhadar Singh.
Residence : Dilehri, Narsinghpur,
Central Provinces.

dur. The title, which is a personal
one, was conferred " for good services
and public spirit," on January 1, 1891.
Residence : Revilganj, Saran, Bengal.

TARA SINGH, Munshi, Sarddr. Re-
ceived the title, as a personal distinc-
tion, on May 21, 1898. Is a Tahsildar.
Residence: Punjab.

TARA SINGH (of Zafarwal), Sarddr;
b. 1852. Belongs to a Randhawa Jat
family of Sikh|Sardars, descended from
Dyanat Rai, whose son was Lachhi
Ram, and his grandson Sarddr Gajja
Singh. The grandson of the latter was
Sardar Prem Singh, who served with
the forces of the Maharaja Ranjit
Singh in many campaigns. He had
two sons, the Sardars Jaimal Singh
and Jawahir Singh. Jaimal Singh
joined the British forces and rendered
excellent service. He died childless.
His brother, Sardar Jawahir Singh,
was the father of the present Sardar,
Tara Singh. Residence; ZJafarwal,
Siajkot, Punjab,

TARA SINGH, Sarddr. The title was
conferred in 1874, as a personal dis-
tinction, in recognition of his eminent
services in connection with Sir Douglas

Online LibraryRoper LethbridgeThe golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon → online text (page 54 of 63)