Roper Lethbridge.

The golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon online

. (page 55 of 63)
Online LibraryRoper LethbridgeThe golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon → online text (page 55 of 63)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Forsyth's Mission to Yarkand. Resi-
dence: Taragarh,Rawal Pindi, Punjab.

TARADAS BANARJI, Rai Bahadur.
The title was conferred on May 25,
1895. Residence : Raipur, Central
Provinces.

TARAON, Chaube Chhaturbhuj, Jdgir-
ddr of. A ruling chief ; b. January 22,
1863. Succeeded to the gadi as a
minor March 3, 1872. Belongs to a
Chaub6 Brahman (Hindu) family,
descended from Ram Krishna Chaube
of Kalinjar, who was kildddr (or
Governor) of the fortress of Kalinjar
under the Maharaja of Panna. He
and his sons successfully held Kalinjar
both against Ali Bahadur and sub-
sequently against British troops.
Ultimately the Chaube family sub-
mitted, and were allowed to retain
Kalinjar as British feudatories. Ram
Krishna Chaube died in 1816 ; and his
four sons received four other territories
in lieu of Kalinjar, which was resumed
— the four States thus formed being
known as the Kalinjar Chaubes, and
comprising Paldeo (q.v.), Bhaisaunda
(q.v.), Pahra (q.v.), and Taraon. The
last-named was the appanage of
Gajadhar, whose son, Gaya Parshad,
received a sanad from the British
Government. Two generations inter-
vened between Gaya Parshad and the
present Chief. The State has an area
of 12 square miles, and a population
of 3163, chiefly Hindus. The Jagirdar
maintains a military force of 3 cavalry,
43 infantry, and 3 guns. Residence:
Taraon, Bundelkhand, Central India.

TARINI PRASAD, Rai Bahadur. Re-
ceived the title on June 3, 1899. Resi-
dence : Bhagalpur, Bengal.

TAROCH, Thakur Kidar Singh, Thdkur
of. A ruling chief ; b. 1865. Succeeded
to the gadi as a minor May 20, 1871.
Belongs to an ancient Rajput family ;
descended from Thakur Kishan Singh,
to whom Taroch was granted in very
early times by the Raja of Sirmur
(q.v.). From him the twenty-first in
lineal descent was the Thakur Karam
Singh, who was in possession when
Taroch fell under British control. He
djecl in 1819, an.d the Raj was con-



312



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



f erred on his brother Jhobu, and sub-
sequently on Jhobu's son, Shyama
Singh. But ultimately, in 1843, it was
given to the late Thakur Ranjit Singh,
son of Karam Singh. Ranjit Singh's
son, the late Thakur Kehr Singh, was
the father of the present Thakur, and
was succeeded by him in 1871. The
area of the State (which is one of the
Simla Hill States) is 75 square miles ;
its population is 3216, chiefly Hindus.
The Thakur maintains a military force
of 50 militia. Residence : Taroch,
Simla Hills, Punjab.

TASADUK RASUL KHAN (of Jahan-
girabad), C.S.I., Rdjd. Husband of
the Rani Zeb-un-Nisa (see page 339).
Granted the title of Raja, as a personal
distinction, January 2, 1893; and the
hereditary title of Raja on June 22,

1897, on the auspicious occasion of the
Diamond Jubilee of Her Most Gracious
Majesty the Queen Empress. The Raja
was created a C.S.I, on January 1,

1898. Residence: Jahangirabad, Bara
Banki, Oudh.

TAUNGBAING, Kam Kyan, Sawbwa of.
A ruling chief. The Sawbwa is Chief
of one of the Shan States, Burma.
The area of his State is about 900
square miles; its population consists
mainly of Shans. Residence: Taung-
baing, Shan States, Burma.

TECKARAM. See Tikaram.

TEHRI (or Garhwal), His Highness
Raja Kirti San, C.S.I., Rdjd of. A
ruling chief; b. January 19, 1874.
Succeeded to the gadi as a minor
February 6, 1887. Belongs to a Ksha-
triya (Rajput Hindu) family, descended
from : Kanak Pal, a Rajput of the
Lunar race. For many generations
this family ruled in Garhwal, occa-
sionally paying a small tribute to the
Emperor of Delhi. In 1804 the Gurk-
has overran this territory, and expelled
the Raja, Pradhuman Sah, who was
slain in a vain attempt to recover his
dominions. After the defeat of the
Gurkhas by the British, and the an-
nexation of Kumaun and part of
Garhwal in 1815, a portion of his
father's territories were conferred on
Sudarshan Sah, son of Pradhuman
Sah. The Raja Sudarshan Sah ruled
in Tehri from 1815 to 1859, and
rendered excellent service during the
Mutiny of 1857. In consideration of



these good services the Raj was con-
ferred on his eldest natural son, the
Raja Bhawani Sah. He was succeeded
in 1871 by his son, the late Raja
Partap Sah, who was followed in 1887
by the present Chief. During the
minority of the Raja the State was
administered by a Council of Regency,
presided over by the Rani Guleri, His
Highness's mother. His Highness was
created a Companion of the Most
Exalted Order of the Star of India on
January 1, 1899. The State has an
area of 4180 square miles, and a popu-
lation of 199,836, chiefly Hindus. The
Raja is entitled to a salute of 11 guns.
Residence : Tehri, Garhwal, North-
Western Provinces.

TEHRI (or Orchha), Mahdrdjd of. See
Orchha.

TEJ NARAYAN SINGH, Rai Bahadur.
The title was conferred on February
16, 1887, as a personal distinction, on
the occasion of the Jubilee of Her
Most Gracious Majesty's reign. Resi-
dence : Bhagalpur, Bengal.

TEJA SINGH, Risaldar, Rao Saheb. The
title was conferred on February 16,
1887, as a personal distinction, on the
occasion of the Jubilee of Her Most
Gracious Majesty's reign, in recogni-
tion of eminent military services.
Residence : 11th P.W.O. Lancers.

TENDTJK PULGER (of Karmie), Rdjd.
The title of Raja was conferred on
January 1, 1889, as a personal distinc-
tion, in recognition of valuable services
rendered during the Sikkim Expedi-
tion. Residence : Karmie, Darjiling,
Bengal.

TENDUKHERA, Thakur of. See Ratan
Singh.

TERI, Khan of. See Abdul Ghafur
Khan.

TERWARA, Thakur Nathu Khan,
Thakur of. A ruling chief; b. 1831.
Succeeded to the gadi in 1851. Belongs
to a Baluch (Muhammadan) family,
descended from a Baluch leader who
came from Sind and took service under
the Nawab of Radhanpur (q.v.), of
which State Terwara formed a part.
In 1822 the Thakur of Terwara, Thakur
Baluch Khan, father of the present
Chief, was confirmed as Chief of this



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



313



State by the orders of the British
Government. The area of the State is
125 square miles ; its population 8846,
chiefly Hindus. Residence: Terw&ra,
Palanpur, Bombay.

THA AUNG, Maung, Myook, Ahmudan
gaung Tazeik ya Min. Is Township
Officer. The title was conferred, as a
personal distinction, on January 1,
1898. It is indicated by the letters
A.T.M. after the name, and means
" Recipient of the Good Service Medal."
Residence : Meiktila, Burma.

THA DUN, Maung, Ahmudan gaung
Tazeik ya Min. The Maung received
this title on January 1, 1889, as a
personal distinction. It means "Re-
cipient of the Good Service Medal,"
and is indicated by the letters A.T.M.
after the name. Residence: Mergui,
Burma.

THA DUN AUNG, Maung, Ahmudan
gaung Tazeik ya Min; b. August 7,
1851. The title was conferred on
January 1, 1897, for good service, and
is ndicated by the letters A.T.M. after
the name. Residence: Galin, Minbu,
Burma.

THA DUN AUNG," fc Maung, Thuye gaung
ngwe Da ya Min. The title was con-
ferred, as a personal distinction, on
January 2, 1893. It is indicated by
the letters T.D.M. after the name, and
means " Recipient of the Silver Sword
for Bravery." The Maung is the
officiating Myook of Pyindaye in the
district of Thonwa, Burma. Residence :
Pyindaye, Thonwa, Burma.

THA NO, Maung, Kyet thaye zaung
shwe Salwe ya Min. The title was
conferred, as a personal distinction, on
January 1, 1898. It is indicated by the
letters K.S.M. after the name, and
means " Recipient of the Gold Chain
of Honour." Residence : Ma-Ubin,
Burma.

THA NU, Maung, Thuye gaung ngwe
Da ya Min. The title was conferred,
as a personal distinction, on May 26,
1894. It is indicated by the letters
T.D.M. after the name, and means
"Recipient cf the Silver Sword for
Bravery." Residence : Akyab, Burma.

THA NYO, Maung, Ahmudan gaung
Tazeik ya Min. The title was con-
ferred, as a personal distinction, on
June 3 ? 1899. It is indicated by the



letters A.T.M. after the name, and
means " Recipient of the Good Service
Medal." The Maung is also Myook
andAkun-wun. Residence: Mandalay,
Burma.

THADOWE, Maung, Ahmudan gaung
Tazeik ya Min. The title was con-
ferred on June 6, 1885, as a personal
distinction. It means "Recipient of
the Good Service Medal," and is in-
dicated by the letters A.T.M. after the
name. Residence : Akyab, Burma.

THAKUR.— Often a prefix.

THAKUR DAS, Rai Bahadur. The title
was conferred on May 24, 1881, as a
personal distinction. Residence : Pind
Dadan KMn, Punjab.

THAKUR DIN PATHAK, Rai Bahadur.
The title was conferred on June 22,
1897. Residence : Naraivi, Banda,
North-Western Provinces.

THAKUR DURGA SINGH, Rai Saheb.
See Durga.

THAKUR LAKHAN SINGH, Rao Baha-
dur. See Lakhan.

THAKUR MAHABIR PARSHAD NA-
RAYAN SINGH, Rai Bahadur. See
Mahabir.

THAKUR NARAYAN SINGH BAHA-
DUR, Rao, Raja. Received the title of
Raja on June 22, 1897. Residence:
Paraur, Shahjahanpur, North- Western
Provinces.

THAKUR PARSHAD NARAYAN DEVA
(of Haldi), Raja; b. 1853. Is Chief of
the Hyobans clan of Rajputs of the
Lunar race ; claiming descent from the
ancient Hyobans dynasty of Ratanpur
in the Central Provinces. The Ratan-
pur dynasty ruled there for fifty-two
generations ; and one of their princes,
Chandra Got, in 850 A.D. migrated
northward and settled at Manjha on
the Ghogra, in the modern district of
Saran. Two hundred years later his
descendants settled south of the Gan-
ges at Bihia. In or about the year
1528 a.d. the R&jd Bhopat Deo com-
mitted an inexpiable crime by violating
a Brahman woman named Maheni,
who imprecated the most fearful
curses on the Hyobans race; and in
consequence of this tragedy they left
Bihia, and after sojourning for a time
at Gai Ghat, settled ultimately at
Haldi. After the rebellion of R&J4



314



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



Chet Singh of Benares in 1781, Raja
Bhuabul Singh of Haldi was confirmed
in the possession of his estates. He
died in 1803, and was succeeded by
his son, Raja Ishri Parshad, who died
in 1806. Then follows Raja Dalgan-
jam Singh, who was succeeded by
Raja Harak Nath Deo in 1825. The
late Raja Sarab Narayan Deo of Haldi
rendered excellent service during the
Mutiny of 1857, throwing all the
weight of his considerable local in-
fluence into the scale of the Govern-
ment ; and for this he was rewarded
with a grant of some of the confiscated
land of the rebel Kunwar Singh. Resi-
dence: Haldi, Ballia, North-Western
Provinces.
THAKUR SINGH, Kunwar. The Kunwar
has received this title in recognition
of his position as a son of the late
Maharaja Sher Singh. Residence:
Lahore, Punjab.

THAKURDAS KTKABHAI DALAL, Rao

Bahadur; b. February 8, 1855. Be-
longs to a Vaishnava family of the
Dindubania caste. Educated at the
Elphinstone College, and the Grant
Medical College of the Bombay Uni-
versity. Appointed to the Bombay
Medical Department in June 1879.
Served in important posts in Wadh-
wan, Kathiawar, where a public ad-
dress and a Dress of Honour were
presented to him, with the previous
sanction of Government, by the people
and Chiefs of Kathiawar on December
2, 1890. Created a Rao Bahadur, as a
personal distinction, in recognition of
his eminent services, January 1, 1890.
Married, January 30, 1877, to Bhuli-
gavri, daughter of Bhagwandas Hara-
kisandas, Esq., of Surat. Has two
sons — Dhirajlal, born November 21,
1884; and Manilal, born August 17,
1890. Residence: Wadhwan, Kathia-
war, Bombay.

THAMAINGKAN, Maiing Po, Ngwe-
gunhmu of. A ruling chief. The
Ngwegunhmu is Chief of one of the
Shan States, Burma. His State has an
area of about 400 square miles ; its
population consists mainly of Shans.
Residence : Thamaingkan, Shan States,
Burma.

THAMATHARAM PILLAI, Chittur
Viravanathar, Rao Bahadur. The
title was conferred on May 25, 1895.
Residence; Madras,



THAMBU CHETTI, T.R.A., CLE. See
Trichinopoly.

THAMM0N SINGH HAZARI, Maharaj,
M.D., Rao Saheb. The title was con-
ferred, for eminent services in the
Medical Department, on May 20, 1896.
Residence: Madras.

THAN LAKHTAR, Thakur Karan-
singhji Vajerajji, Thakur of. A
ruling chief ; b. January 10, 1846.
Succeeded to the gadi (as an infant)
on June 15 of the same year. Belongs
to the family of the Chief of the
Jhala Rajputs (being descended from
one of the ancestors of the Raj Saheb
of Dhrangadra, q.v.). The State con-
sists of two isolated tracts, one con-
taining the village of Than, the site of
one of the greatest and most ancient
cities of India, and the other contain-
ing the town of Lakhtar, the capital.
The area of the State is 247 square
miles ; its population is 23,208, chiefly
Hindus. The Thakur maintains a
military force of 210 cavalry, 175
infantry, and 5 guns. Residence:
Lakhtar, Kathiawar, Bombay.

THANAWALA, Cursetjee R., Khan Ba-
hadur, CL.E. See Kharsedji.

THARAD and M0RWARA, Waghela
Khengarsinghji, Thakur of. A ruling
chief; b. 1836. Succeeded to the gadi
in 1860. Belongs to a Rajput (Hindu)
family, claiming descent from the
ancient Waghela Rajput Kings of
Anhilwara Patan. They obtained pos-
session of Morwara about 1508 a.d.
Waghela Kanhji first acquired Tharad
in 1759 a.d. He was succeeded by the
Thakur Harabhumji, and the latter
was succeeded by the Thakur Karan
Singh ji, who was succeeded by his
grandson the present Thakur. The
Thakur has a son and heir, named
Abhaisinghji. The area of the State is
940 square miles; its population is
65,494, chiefly Hindus. The Thakur
maintains a military force of 50
cavalry, 30 infantry, and 1 gun. Resi-
dence : Tharad, Palanpur, Bombay.

THAR0 KHAN walad TAJ MUHAM-
MAD (of Mirpur), Mir; b. March 9,
1836. Belongs to the Manikani family
of Sind Mirs ; descended from Manik
Khan, who, on the conquest of Balu-
chistan by Nadir Shah, came to Sind.
The title was originally conferred by
Nur Muhammad, the bead of the



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



315



Kalhora Government in Sind. It has
been continued for life by the British
Government. Residence: Hyderabad,
Sind.

THABO KHAN, Serai, Khan Bahadur.
The title was conferred on March 31,
1886, as a personal distinction. Resi-
dence : Larkhana, Sind.

THATON, Kim 0, Myoza of. A ruling
chief. The Myoza is Chief of one of
the Shan States, Burma. His State
has an area of about 600 square miles.
Its population consists mainly of
Shans. Residence : Thaton, Shan
States, Burma.

THAUNGTHUT, Saw Kan Mun, K.S.M.,
Sawbwa of. A ruling chief. The Saw-
bwa is Chief of one of the Shan States,
Burma. He has received from the
British Government the title Kyet
thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min (mean-
ing " Recipient of the Gold Chain of
Honour"), indicated by the letters
K.S.M. after the name. The area of
his State is about 450 square miles;
its population consists chiefly of Shans.
Residence: Thaungthut, Shan States,
Burma.

THAW, Manng, Thuye gaung ngwe Da
ya Min. The title was conferred on
May 30, 1891. It is indicated by the
letters T.D.M. after the name, and
means " Recipient of the Silver Sword
for Bravery." Residence .-.Upper Chind-
win, Burma.

THEINNI (North), Kun San Tun Hon,
Sawlnva of. A ruling chief. The Saw-
bwa is Chief of one of the Shan States,
Burma. The area of his State is about
6200 square miles ; its population con-
sists chiefly of Shans. Residence: North
Theinni, Shan States, Burma.

THEINNI (South), Saw Naw Maing,
Sawbwa of. A ruling chief. The Saw-
bwa is Chief of one of the Shan States,
Burma. The area of his State is about
2100 square miles ; its population con-
sists chiefly of Shans. Residence: South
Theinni, Shan States, Burma.

THEHPUR, Sarddr of. See Fateh Singh.

THIBAW, Kun Saing, Sawbwa of. A
ruling chief. The Sawbwa is Chief of
one of the Shan States, Burma. The
area of his State is about 5950 square
miles; its population consists chiefly
pf Shans. It has three feudatory States



dependent on it — Mainglon, Maington,
and Thonze. Residence: Thibaw,
Shan States, Burma.

THI0G, Chief of. Is a feudatory of the
Raja of Keonthal (q.v.), and rules over
one of the Simla Hill States. Resi-
dence : Thiog, Simla Hills, Punjab.

TH0PPA TIRUVENKATASWAMI MU-
DALIYAR, Arcot, Rao Bahadur. The
title was conferred on June 22, 1897.
Residence : Coimbatore, Madras.

THOPPHAGATHI K0Y0TTI HAJI,

Khan Saheb ; b. 1842. Received the
title on January 2, 1897. Residence:
Calicut, Madras.

THU TAW U.,Maung, Thuye gaung ngwe
Da ya Min. This Burmese title
(see Introduction) was conferred on
June 22, 1897. Residence : Burma.

THUMM0N SINGH HAZARI, Maharaj,
Rao Saheb. The title was conferred
on May 20, 1896. Residence : Cudda-
pah, Madras.

TIGARIA, Raja Banamali Khetria
Birbar Champati Singh Mahapatra,
Rdjd of. A ruling chief; b. 1857.
Succeeded to the gadi April 8, 1886.
Belongs to a Kshatriya (Rajput Hindu)
family; descended through twenty-
five generations from Sur Tung Singh
Mandhata, a Rajput pilgrim to Puri
from Northern India. He, about 400
years ago, seized the country, and
drove out or conquered the aboriginal
inhabitants. The twenty-second in
descent from him was the Raja Gopi-
nath Singh, who adopted the family
style or title of Champati Singh Maha-
patra. His great-grandson, the late
Raja Harihar Khetria, added also the
style of Birbar; he succeeded to the
gadi in 1844, and dying in 1886, was
succeeded by his son, the present Raja.
The family cognizance is the sastra
pancha (an Indian weapon). The
State, which is one of the Orissa Tri-
butary Mahals, has an area of 46 square
miles, and a population of 19,850, chiefly
Hindus. The Raja maintains a military
force of 485 militia. The State derives
its name from three ancient forts (Tri-
garh). Residence: Tigaria, Orissa,



TIKAMGARH, Maharaja Bahadur of.
See Orchha,



316



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



TIKARAM, Lala, Rao Saheb. The title
was conferred on June 22, 1897. Resi-
dence : Bombay.

TIKARAM, Munshi, Rai Bahadur; b.
1834. Received the title on January 1,
1897. Residence: Guna, Central India.

TIKARAM, Seth, Rai Bahadur. The
title was conferred on May 24, 1889, as
a personal distinction. Residence:
Narsinghpur, Central Provinces.

TILAK CHAND LALA, Rai Bahadur.
The title was conferred on February
16, 1887, as a personal distinction, on
the occasion of the Jubilee of the reign
of Her Most Gracious Majesty. Resi-
dence : Karnal, Punjab.

TILAK SINGH (of Sikri), Sarddr. The
title is hereditary, the Sarddr being
the head of a Jat family of Sikh
Sarddrs descended from Sardar Bhag
Singh, who conquered Sikri and some
neighbouring territory in 1789 A.D.
The family came under British protec-
tion with the other Cis-Sutlej Chiefs.
Bhdg Singh's son, Sarddr Mahtdb
Singh, had a son named Sarddr Lahna
Singh. The latter was succeeded by
his son, the late Sarddr Jodla Singh,
who in turn was succeeded by the
present Sarddr. Residence: Sikri,
Karndl, Punjab.

TILAK SINGH (of Mustafabad), Sarddr.
The title is hereditary. The Sarddr
belongs to a Jat family of Sikh Sarddrs,
descended from Sarddr Mahtdb Singh,
who took possession of Mustafabad
and neighbouring territory in 1759 a.d.,
on the decline of the Mughal Power.
He also seized some villages in the
Jdlandhar Dodb. The latter were
taken from the family by the Mahdrdjd
Ranjit Singh; but the Cis-Sutlej jdgir
came under British protection. Sarddr
Mahtdb Singh was succeeded by his
son, Sarddr Ratan Singh. The latter
had two sons— Sarddrs Gursaran Singh
and Dewa Singh. Sarddr Dewa Singh
was the father of the present Sarddr.
Residence : Mustafabad, Ambdla,
Punjab.

TILOI, Rdjd of. See Surpdl Singh.

TIMBA, Thakur Nathusinghji, Thdkur
of. A ruling chief; b. February 8,
1857. Succeeded to the gadi as a
minor March 12, 1859. Belongs to a
Chauhdn Rdjput family, descended



from Thdkur Bhimaji, who obtained
possession of Timba in 1524 a.d. The
State, which makes an annual payment
to Idar, has a population of 1205,
chiefly Hindus. Residence: Timba,
Mdhi Kdntha, Bombay.

TIMMARAJU VENKATASIVA RAO
PANTULU, Rao Bahadur. The title
was conferred on June 22, 1897. Is
Chairman of Chicacole Municipal
Council. Residence: Ganjam, Madras.

TIN GYAW, Maung, Tlmye gauny
ngwe Da ya Min ; b. 1859. The title
was conferred on January 1, 1897, for
long and good service, and is indicated
by the letters T.D.M. after the name.
Residence: Henzada, Burma.

TIN, Maung, Myook, Ahmudan gauny
Tazeik ya Min. Is Township Officer.
The title was conferred, as a personal
distinction, on January 1, 1898. It is
indicated by the letters A.T.M. after
the name, and means " Recipient of
the Medal for Good Service." Resi-
dence: Pagdn, Burma.

TIPPERAH, Hill, His Highness Raja
Radha Kishore Deb Barman Manikya,
Rdjd of. A ruling chief; b. 1857.
Succeeded to the gadi February 2,
1897. Belongs to a Rdjput family that
claims descent in 179 generations from
Chandra (the Moon), and that has
ruled in Tipperah, or Tripura, from
prehistoric times. Eighty-eighth in
descent from Chandra was the Rdjd
Birrdj, who introduced the Tipperah
era, used in the Rdjmdld or Chronicles
of the Kings of Tipperah. The first part
of this Chronicle was compiled in the
reign of the Rdjd Dharma Manikya, who
seems to have succeeded to the gadi
in 1407 a.d., and is entered as the 148th
in descent from Chandra, The Rdjmdld
is believed to be the earliest specimen
of Bengdli composition extant.
The area ruled over by this family
has at times been very extensive; in
the 16th century it extended from the
river Hughli (or Hooghly) on the west,
to Burma on the east, and to Kamrup
on the north. In 1512 the Rdjd con-
quered Chittagong, and his successors,
though often engaged in hostilities
with the Mughal forces, maintained
their independence. In 1620, under
the Emperor Jahdngir, the Nawdb
Fateh Jang invaded Tipperah, captured
the Rdjd, Jaso Mdnikya, and carried



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



317



him a prisoner to Delhi. Shortly after-
wards the Mughal troops were com-
pelled by an epidemic to evacuate the
country, in the time of Raja Kalyan
Mdnikya, who succeeded Jaso; and
though ultimately the Muhammadans
established themselves in the low-
lands of the Raj— now the British
district of Tipperah in Bengal —
the hilly country appears to have
been left to the control of the Rajas.
The British Government, after ob-
taining the diwdni of Bengal in 1765,
always invested the successive Rajas
on payment of the usual nazar or fine
on succession. In 1857 the mutineers
of the Ohittagong garrison captured
Agartala, the capital of this State ;
but the Raja, Ishan Chandra Manikya,
rendered to the Government all the
assistance in his power. He was suc-
ceeded in 1862 by his brother, the
late Raja Bir Chandra Manikya, who
had held the title of Jubaraj (or
Yuvaraj) during the late Raja's life-
time. The family cognizance is the
device of a figure half man, half fish,
said to be derived from the figure of a
fish very widely borne on their flags
by ancient Rajput Chiefs (see Darb-
hanga). The area of the State is 4086
square miles ; its population is 95,637,
chiefly Hindus, but including 26,951
Muhammadans. The family law of
succession is peculiar to this State ;
under it the Raja has the power of
nominating any male member of his
family as his successor, with the title
of Jubdrdj, and also a successor to the
Jubaraj, with the title of Bara Thdkur.
But this right of the Raja's is subject
to the condition that he may not pass
over, for the post of Jubaraj, the
kinsman (if any) who had been ap-
pointed by his predecessor to the post
of Bara Thdkur ; so that practically it
comes to this, that the Raja cannot
appoint his own successor, but can
appoint the Bara Thakur who will
ultimately succeed that successor. In
addition to the territory of Hill
Tipperah, the Raja possesses a large
estate in the British district of Tip-
perah, with larger revenues than those
of his feudatory State of Hill Tipperah ;
and in the frequent cases of a disputed
succession, as the devolution of this
estate has always been decided by the
British Courts, that decision has also
usually fixed the succession on the Raj.



Residence: Agartala, Hill Tipperah,
Bengal.

TIPUHTJSAIN, Mir, Khdn. The title is
a personal one. It was originally con-
ferred by the Nawab of the Carnatic,
and has been recognized by the British
Government. Residence : Madras.

TIRAUL, Rdjd of. See Partab Bahadur
Singh.

TIRLA, Bhumia of. See Nimkhera.

TIRUVENKATASWAMI MUDALIYAR,
A.T., Avergal, Rao Bahadur ; b. 1856.
Received the title on June 22, 1897.
Residence : Coimbatore, Madras.

TIRWA, Rdjd of. See Udit Narayan
Singh.

TODAL NARAYAN SINGH, Tikait. The
title was conferred on June 3, 1893.



Online LibraryRoper LethbridgeThe golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon → online text (page 55 of 63)