Roper Lethbridge.

The golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon online

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Residence : Hazaribagh, Bengal.

TONK, His Highness Amin-ud-daula
Warir-ul-mulk Nawab Sir Muhammad
Ibrahim Ali Khan Bahadur. Saulat
Jang, G.C.I.E., Nawdb of. A ruling
chief ; b. 1848. Succeeded to the gadi
December 20, 1867. Belongs to a
Pathan (Muhammadan) family of the
Buner clan, descended from Amir
Khan, the famous Pindari leader of the
last century. His grandfather, Tala
Khan, came from the Buner country
on the confines of Afghanistan, and
took service with the Rohillas in
Rohilkhand, in the time of the
Emperor Muhammad Shah Ghazi.
Tala Khan's son was Haiat Khan, who
became a landowner in Moradabad,
and was the father of Amir Khdn.
The latter rose to be, in 1798, the com-
mander of a large independent army
in the service of Jaswant Rao Holkar.
In 1806 he received the State of Tonk
from Holkar. In the same year he
transferred his military services to the
Rdjd of Jaipur, then at war with the
Raja of Jodhpur ; and after crushing
Jodhpur, then changed sides and con-
quered Jaipur. In 1809, having plun-
dered both these Rdjput States, he
turned his arms against the Mahratta
Rdjd of Ndgpur ; but was warned off
by the British Government. In 1817
the Marquis of Hastings, then
Governor-General, determined to put
an end to the Pinddri ravages, and to
restore peace to Rajputdna and Central
India, so he offered Amir Khdn the
sovereignty of the tracts given him by



Holkar, under British protection, on
condition of his disbanding his army.
This was agreed to ; many of Amir
Khan's troops enlisted in the British
service, all were liberally treated, and
Amir Khan himself became Nawab of
Tonk, to which State the British
Government spontaneously added the
fort of Rampura and the district of
Aligarh- Rampura. He died in 1834,
and was succeeded by his son, Wazir
Muhammad Khan, who died in 1864.
The latter was succeeded by the late
Nawab Muhammad Ali Khan, who was
deposed in 1867, and was succeeded by
his son, the present Nawab. The area
of the State is 2509 square miles ; its
population is 338,029, chiefly Hindus,
out including 38,561 Muhammadans
and 5693 Jains. His Highness, who
was created a Knight Grand Com-
mander of the Most Eminent Order of
the Indian Empire on May 20, 1890,
maintains a military force of 510
cavalry, 2081 infantry, and 77 guns,
and is entitled to a salute of 17 guns.
Residence : Tonk, Rajputana.

TONK, ThakurNirpat Singh, Tlidkur of.
A ruling chief ; b. 1843. Succeeded to
the gadi in 1869. Belongs to a Rajput
(Hindu) family. The State, which is
a small Central India State, is not
connected with the large State of the
same name in Rajputana. Residence :
Tonk, Indore, Central India.

TORI FATEHPUR, Diwan Arjun Singh,
Diwdn and Rao Bahadur of. A ruling
chief ; b. 1870. Succeeded to the gadi
as a minor February 7, 1880. Belongs
to the great Bundela Rajput family,
from which are descended the ruling
houses of Orchha, Panna, and all the
chief Bundelkhand States. Rai Singh,
great-grandson of Hardul, one of the
sons of the Maharaja Bir Singh Deo of
Orchha (q.v.), held the territory of
Baragaon, and divided it among his
eight sons, whence the States so
founded are commonly known as the
Hashtbhaya (or " Eight brother ")
jdgirs. Of these there are four
now existing — Dhurwai (q.v.), Bijna
(q.v.), Pahari (q.v.), and Tori Fatehpur.
Rai Singh's son, Hindupat, became the
first Diwan of Tori Fatehpur. His
great-grandson was the Diwan Hara-
parshad, who received a sanad from
the British Government in 1823. His

son, the Diwan Prithi Singh, succeeded
to the gadi in 1858. At the Imperial
Assemblage of Delhi on January 1,
1877, on the occasion of the Proclama-
tion of Her Most Gracious Majesty as
Empress of India, the Diwan received
the additional title of Rao Bahadur.
He died in 1880, and was succeeded by
his son, the present Chief. The area
of the State is 36 square miles ; its
population is 10,631, chiefly Hindus.
The Chief maintains a military force of
15 cavalry, 150 infantry, and 12 guns
Residence : Tori Fatehpur, Bundel-
khand, Central India.


Bahadur. Is Assistant Registrar of
the Calcutta University. Received
the title on June 22, 1897. Residence:


Saheb. Granted the title, as a personal
distinction, January 2, 1893, for eminent
services in the Bengal Public Works
Department. Residence : Calcutta.

TRAVANC0RE, His Highness Sir Bala
Rama Varma, G.C.S.I., Maharaja of.
A ruling chief ; b. 1857. Succeeded to
the gadi August 4, 1885. Belongs to a
Kshiatriya (Hindu) family, whose rule
in southernmost India probably dates
from the abdication of the Malabar
Emperor Cheraman Perumal, about
352 a.d. This potentate resolved to
betake himself to Benares and retire
from the world, divided his dominions
among the great vassals of his crown,
the chief of whom received the
southern portion, with the capital
named Tiruvankodu (corrupted into
" Travancore "), now a small village in
this territory. A long line of suc-
cessors ruled in Travancore with varied
fortunes, till, in 1684 a.d., the Maha-
raja Eruma Yarma Perumal came to
the throne, and reigned till 1717. His
descendants, Yanchi Martanda Perumal
(1729 to 1746), and Vanchi Bala Peru-
mal, his son, largely extended the
Travancore dominions. Throughout
the wars with Tippu Sultan of Mysore,
the Raja of Travancore was the stead-
fast ally of the British Power. Tippu
invaded Travancore in 1789, and again
in 1790, but without success, and in
1795 the Raja Bala Rama Varma
entered into subsidiary alliance with
the British Government, receiving a



guarantee of protection. His successor
of the same name in 1805 entered into
still closer relations with the Para-
mount Power. A rebellion occurred
among the Nairs in 1809, but this
was promptly suppressed by the British
troops, and ever since then the country
has enjoyed profound peace. The
family follows the Marumakkatayam
law of inheritance, general in the
Malabar country, by which the succes-
sion is with the offspring of its female
members, amongst whom the next
eldest male is always the heir-apparent;
and a special gonad from the Governor-
General, dated 1862, authorizes the
adoption of nieces to perpetuate the
dynasty. The full title of the Maha-
raja is — " His Highness Sri Padmana-
bha Dasa Vanji Sir Bala Kama Varma
Kulashekhara Kiritapati Mani Sultan
Manaraja Rajd Rama Raja Bahadur
Shamsher Jang, Knight Grand Com-
mander of the Most Exalted Order of
the Star of India." The area of the
State is 6730 square miles ; its popula-
tion is 2,401,158, chiefly Hindus, but
including 146,909 Muhammadans and
498,542 Christians. The Maharaja
maintains a military force of 61 cavalry,
1442 infantry, and 6 guns, and is en-
titled to a salute of 21 guns. His
Highness was created a Knight Grand
Commander of the Most Exalted Order
of the Star of India June 1, 1888.
The heir-apparent, who always bears
the courtesy title of "the Elaya Raja,"
is Raja Rama Varma, born in 1867.
The family cognizance is a conch or
chank-shell. Arms. — Argent, on a
f esse azure, three reversed conches or
chank-shells or. Crest. — A sea-horse
proper. Supporters. — Elephants ram-
pant, proper. Motto. — Dharmo Smat
Kuladevatam. Residence: The Palace,
Trivandrum, Travancore, South India.

Chief Judge of the Chief Court of
Mysore, and Member of the Mysore
Council. "Was created a Companion
of the Most Eminent Order of the
Indian Empire on May 25, 1895. Resi-
dence : Bangalore, Mysore.

See Trailaksha.


Saheb; b. December 12, 1832. Re-

ceived the title May 24, 1897. Re-
sidence : Poona, Bombay.


Saheb. The title was conferred on
February 16, 1887, as a personal
distinction, on the occasion of the
Jubilee of the reign of Her Most
Gracious Majesty. Residence: Nasik,

hadur. The title was conferred on
June 22, 1897. Was Suba of the
Baroda Division. Residence: Baroda.



ihaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min; b.
1821. Succeeded as Bohmong in the
year 1875. The Bohmong is the Chief
of the Regretha clan of Maghs or
Arakanese, in the Chittagong Hill
Tracts. Some time before 1774 a.d.,
a Burmese Prince named Tong Boh-
mong, son of King Pakhong of Burma,
came to Arakan with his sister, who
was married to Kha Mong, the ruling
Chief of Arakan. Subsequently he
settled, in the year 1774 A.D., in the
Chittagong Hill Tracts, and was chosen
Chief of the southern part of that
territory. Seventh in descent from
Tong Bohmong is the present Boh-
mong, who received from Her Majesty
the Burmese title of K.S.M. on January
1, 1891. He has four sons — (1) Maung
Sanego, (2) Kong La Phru, (3) Tong
La Phru, (4) Keo Jo Phru. Residence :
Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bengal.

TU, Maung, Kyet ihaye zaung shwe
Salwe ya Min. The title was con-
ferred on June 6, 1885, as a personal
distinction. It means "Recipient of
the Gold Chain of Honour," and is
indicated by the letters K.S.M. after
the name. Residence: Maulmain,

The title was conferred on January 1,
1896. Residence : Bombay.

hadur. See Rama.

TUN, Maung, Kyet thaye zaung shwe
Salwe ya Min. The title was con-
ferred on June 1, 1888. It means
"Recipient of the Gold Chain of
Honour," and is indicated by the



letters K.S.M. after the name. Re-
sidence : Shwebo, Burma.

TUN AUNG, Maung, Thuye gaung ngwe
Da ya Mini. This Burmese title (see
Introduction) was conferred on Janu-
ary 1, 1891. Residence: Mindon,

TUN GYWE, Maung, Myook, Ahmudan
gaung Tazeik ya Min. This Burmese
title (see Introduction) was conferred
on January 1, 1891. Residence:
Bhamo, Burma.

TUN HLA, Maung, Thuye gaung ngwe
Da ya Min. The title was conferred
on January 1, 1889. It means "Re-
cipient of the Silver Sword for
Bravery," and is indicated by the
letters T.D.M. after the name. Re-
sidence: Myingyan, Burma.

TUN MIN, Maung, Thuye gaung ngwe
Da ya Min. The title was conferred
on January 1, 1898. It means "Re-
cipient of the Silver Sword for
Bravery," and is indicated by the
letters T.D.M. after the name. Re-
sidence: Bassein, Burma.

TUN THA, Maung, Thuye gaung ngwe
Da ya Min. The title was conferred
on June 1, 1888. It means " Re-
cipient of the Silver Sword for
Bravery," and is indicated by the
letters T.D.M. after the name. Re-
sidence : Yaw, Burma.

U AUNG, Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya
Min. This Burmese title (see Intro-
duction) was conferred on January 1,
1894. Residence: Rangoon, Burma.

U GAUNG, C.S.I. Created a C.S.I, on
February 16, 1887. Residence: Min-
gyi, Burma.

U KA, Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min.
The title (see Introduction) was con-
ferred on June 3, 1899. Is an Honor-
ary Magistrate. Residence: Mandalay,

U PO, Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min.
This Burmese title (see Introduction)
was conferred on June 3, 1893. Re-
sidence : Thongwa, Burma.

UBAIDULLAH, Kazi Muhammad,
Shams-id-Ulama ; b. 1854. Is Kazi
of Madras, and received the title on
June 22, 1897, in recognition of his
eminence in oriental learning. Re-
sidence: Madras.

UBAIDULLAH KHAN, Sahebzada (of
Tonk), C.S.I. Was created a C.S.I,
on July 29, 1879. Residence: Tonk,

UCHAD, Thakur Jitamiyan, Thdkur of.
A ruling chief; b. 1847. Belongs to
a Daima (Muhammadan) family. The
State, which is tributary to Baroda,
has an area of 4 square miles. Its
population is chiefly Koli (aboriginal).
Residence : Uchad, Rewa Kantha, Bom-

title was conferred on July 18, 1861,
in recognition of his position as the
second son of the late Raja Kali
Krishna Deb Bahadur, and a member
of the Sobha Bazar Raj family of
Calcutta. The late Raja Kali Krishna
Deb Bahadur was the son of the Raja
Rajkrishna Deb Bahadur, and grandson
of the Mahdraja Nava Krishna Deb
Bahadur (see Maharaja Sir Narendra
Krishna Deb Bahadur, K.C.I.E.). His
eldest son was the late Raja Narendra
Krishna Deb Bahadur, who died in
1886; his second son was the Kumar
Udai Krishna Deb. Residence: Cal-

C.S.I. Raid; b. September 3, 1850.
Succeeded to the Bhinga Raj on the
death of his father, Raja Kishn Datt
Singh, April 24, 1884. Belongs to the
Bisen clan of Rajputs; the family is
a younger branch of the Bisens of
Gonda, being descended from Bhawani
Singh, second son of Raja Ram Singh.
The Raja is now, however, the chief
representative of the House, as the
title of Raja of Gonda is extinct. The
possessions of the elder branch were
confiscated after the Mutiny for re-
bellion. The first recorded ancestor
of the family is Partab Singh (or
Mai), Zamindar of Gohani in Par-
gan4 Digsai, Gonda district, who was
Chaudhri of Pargana Khurasa under
the Kalhans Raja at the close of the
15th century. On the tragic death of
Raja Achal Narayan Singh of Khur-
asa, Partab Singh became the leading
representative of the Hindu com-
munity during the anarchy that en-
sued. Third in descent from Partab
Singh was Man Singh, who first as-
sumed the style of Raja and founded
the present town of Gonda in what



was then a dense jungle. Two legends
are connected with these events. It
is related that in 1618 the Emperor
Jahangir heard through Mirza Ali Beg,
the Jagirdar of Khurasa, that Man
Singh of Gohani had caught a remark-
ably fine elephant in the Tarai jungles,
and ordered that both the Zamindar
and his beast should be invited to this
Darbar. The elephant was added to
the Imperial stable and the Zamindar
recompensed with the title of Raja.
The Raja was hunting near where
Gonda now is, when a hare turned
round and put his hounds to flight.
" If the air of this place," he exclaimed,
" will make hares braver than dogs,
what will it do for men?" He im-
mediately left Gohani and laid the
foundation of a new capital, which
he called Gonda, after a cowshed
which he found on the spot. The
most brilliant period in the annals of
the family commenced with the ac-
cession of Raja Ram Singh, at the
beginning of the latter half of the
17th century, who considerably ex-
tended the family estates. The fol-
lowing story is related of the birth
of his sons: "His old age was un-
blessed with offspring, and he had
recourse to the services of Ganga Gir
Goshain, the most noted of his time
among holy men of Ajudhya. The
saint had two disciples, Datt and
Bhawani, whom he despatched to
Benares with directions that they
were to insert their heads into a
grating which overlooked the Ganges,
and as the guillotine-like door de-
scended from above to decapitate
them, to pray to the river who
received their lives that in exchange
for each a son might be given to the
Gonda chieftain. The sacrifice was
efficacious and two sons were born,
who were named after the authors
of their lives, Datt and Bhawani.
At the same time the Goshain gave
the Raja his toothpick and directed
him to plant it in Gonda, with the
prophecy that as long as it remained
green the family of the Bisens should
prosper. It grew into a chilbil bush,
throwing out two main branches. In
the Mutiny, when his rebellion cost
Raja Debi Bakhsh Singh his estates,
the principal bough was broken off
by a hurricane. The second bough
yet remains, and with it are bound

up the fortunes of the descendants
of Bhawani Singh, the Rajas of
Bhinga." Raja Ram Singh was suc-
ceeded by his son Raja Datt Singh,
whose exploits and conquests are
famous. The most celebrated of his
wars was with Alawal Khan, who
had been appointed by the new Subah-
dar, Nawab Saadat Khan, his lieu-
tenant for the Trans-Gogra Provinces,
and who was killed at the battle of
Sarbangpur. Raja Datt Singh finally
came to terms with the Oudh Govern-
ment, and his territories were created
into a separate jurisdiction, independ-
ent of the Nazims of Bahraich and
Gorakhpur, within which he exercised
the full powers of government. He
provided for his younger brother, Bha-
wani Singh, by sending him to Bhinga,
nominally in order to defend it from
its foreign enemies and to repress the
Banjaras. His strong hand soon re-
stored order. The Janwar chieftain
of Bhinga died without issue. The
claims of his kindred were disregarded,
and Bhinga became thenceforward a
Bisen dependency under the rule of
Bhawani Singh and his descendants.
Bhawani Singh brought under his
sway all that portion of the Pargana
which lies between the Rapti and the
forest, as well as a considerable portion
of the Tarai which lies to the north
of the bank of the river. Up to 1816
the estate was included in the jdgir
of the Bahu Begam. The present
Raja, who was created a Companion
of the Most Exalted Order of the
Star of India on January 3, 1893, is
the sixth in descent from Bhawani
Singh. Raja Udai Partab Singh was
educated in the Wards Institution at
Lucknow. He is the author of a
pamphlet entitled Democracy not
suited to India, and is a Fellow of
the Allahabad University. He has a
son and heir, named Kunwar Surendra
Bikrama Singh, born December 18,
1878. Residence: Bhinga, Bahraich,

UDAIPUR (or Mewar), His Highness
Maharana Dhiraj Sir Fateh Singh
Bahadur, Gr.C.S.L, Malidrdnd of. A
ruling chief; b. 1848. Succeeded to
the gadi December 21, 1884. Is the
Chief of the Sesodia clan of Rajputs ;
and is called "the Sun of the Hindus,"
as being the head of the elder branch



of the Surqjbansi or Solar race, and
the legitimate heir of the semi-divine
Rama, the first in blood of all Hindu
Princes. The Maharana is universally
acknowledged as the Chief of the
"Thirty-six Royal Tribes"; and the
House of Mewar — which is the name
of the country of which Udaipur is the
capital — is the only dynasty in India
that still rules over the same territory
as that which its ancestors ruled over
for centuries before the Muhammadan
invaders from Ghazni first crossed the
Indus. The title, however, of Rana
or Maharana — which is proudly borne
by every considerable Sesodia Prince
in Central and Western India, in
token of kinship with the illustrious
Maharana of Udaipur — is compara-
tively modern, having been adopted
in the 12th century in lieu of the
more ancient " Rawal," on the occasion
of the conquest of the Puar Rana
of Mandor by the Sesodia Rawal of
Chitor. Every member of the Sesodia
clan claims kinship with his Chief;
and even if he is only the holder of
a charsa or "hide" of land, he ad-
dresses- the Maharana as Bdpji —
father or sire. The chief modern
authority for the history and anti-
quities of Mewar, as of the other
great Rajput States, is the Annals
of Rdjdsthdn, by the learned Colonel
Tod, dedicated to King George the
Fourth in 1829, and embodying the
researches of many years spent as a
Political Agent in Rajputana, in the
most friendly personal intercourse
with the Rajput Chiefs of that day.
Of this great work the most important
part is the Annals of Mewdr, compiled
from the records of Udaipur, from the
history written by the Raja Jai Singh
of Jaipur, and from a large number of
ancient chronicles, including the Mem-
oirs of the Emperors Babar and
Jahangir, the Ain-i-Akbari of Abul
Fazl, and others. Tod says of this

"Mewar exhibits a marked difference from all
the other States in her policy and institutions ;
she was an old-established dynasty when these
renovated scions were in embryo. We can
trace the losses of Mewar, but with difficulty
her acquisitions. . . . The honours, and
privileges, and the gradations of rank amongst
the vassals of the Rand's House exhibit a
highly artificial and refined state of society.
Each of the superior rank is entitled to a
banner, kettle-drums preceded by heralds, and

silver maces, with peculiar gifts and personal
honours, in commemoration of some exploit
of their ancestors. . . . Only those of
pure blood in both lines can hold fiefs of the
Crown ; the highest may marry the daughter
of a Rajput whose sole possession is ' a skin
of land,' the sovereign himself is not degraded
by such an alliance."

The knight's fee in Mewar is stated to
be land of about the yearly rental value
of 250 rupees. The Thakurs of the first
class in Mewar are those whose estates
represent a yearly value of 50,000 rupees
and upwards ; these appear at the Court
of the Maharana only on special in-
vitation, and are his hereditary council-
lors. Those of the second class, with
estates of a yearly value of 5000 rupees
and upwards, were formerly required to
be always in attendance on the Maha-
rana ; and from their number were
appointed the Faujdars and military
officers. Below these Chiefs are the
great body of smaller Thakurs, called
the Gol, holders of smaller estates.
And in addition to all are the Bdbds, or
"Children of Mewdr" — the numerous
younger branches of the Maharana's own
family, who within a certain period are en-
titled to an appanage. To this class belong
the Rajas of Bunera and Shahpura, great
and powerful Chiefs ; the ancestor of the
former was a twin-brother of the Rana
Jai Singh in the time of the Emperor
Aurangzeb, whilst the latter is de-
scended from a scion of the family of
the Rana Udai Singh in the time of
Akbar. These greater feudatory Chiefs
have their grants renewed by the Ma-
harana at each succession, and receive
from His Highness the khilat of in-
vestiture ; but otherwise their feudal
burdens are almost nominal. The great-
est of the Mewar feudatories is the
Rawat of Salumbar, the head of the
great Chondawat sept; descended from
the Prince Chonda, elder son of the
Rana Lakha Ram. The legend runs
that Chonda, annoyed by some light
words of his father, voluntarily surren-
dered his right to the gadi of Chitor
in favour of his younger brother Mo-
kalji, who became Rana in 1398 a.d.
Chonda stipulated that he and his
descendants should always hold the
first place in the Councils of the State,
and that his symbol, the bhala or
lance, should always be attached to the
signature of the ruling Chief in all
grants to vassals. To the present day



the descendants of Chonda, Rawats of
Salumbar, are the hereditary Chief
Councillors of the Maharanas of Udai-
pur; and in all grants, the monogram
Sahai, which is the sign-manual of the
Maharana, is preceded by the symbol
of the lance, the sign-manual of the
Salumbar chieftain.

The history of the family of the
Maharana of Udaipur is a most inter-
esting one ; only a very few landmarks
in it can here be given. The legendary
empire of Ajudhya, of which Rama was
the monarch, was named Koshala, and
in the archives of the Maharana at
Udaipur the first royal immigrant from
the north into Mewar is called Koshala-
putra — the son of Koshala. Rama's two
sons were Loh and Cush, of whom the
elder, the founder of Loh-Kot or Lohore,
is claimed as the ancestor of the Rands.
Fifty-sixth in descent from the deified
Rama was Sumitra, the contemporary
of King Vikramaditya, about the year
56 a.d. But the actual founder of the
Mewar dynasty is generally considered
to be Kanak Sen, who appears to have
migrated from Loh-Kot or Lahore into
Saurashtra (a province of Kathiawar,
Bombay) about the year 145 a.d. His
descendants long reigned in great splen-
dour at Ballabhipur ; till at length, about
the year 524 a.d., that city was sacked,
and the Raj6 Siladitya and all his people
exterminated. Only the Queen, Puspa-
vati, was saved, who happened to be
absent on a pilgrimage to the shrine of
Bhavani in her native land — she was a
Princess of the Pramara clan of Rajputs
from Chandravati near Mount Abu.
She gave birth to a son in a cave in the
mountains of Mallia; and then, having
confided her infant to the care of Ka-
malavati, the daughter of a Brahman
priest of the temple, with the injunctions
to bring up the child as a Brahman but
to marry him to a Rajputni, Queen
Puspavati mounted the pyre of her dead
husband Siladitya. Thus was preserved
the Solar race, and Goha (the "Cave-
born") subsequently founded the earliest
dynasty of Idar (q.v.). By the time he
was eleven years old he had become
quite unmanageable by his kind Brah-
man protectors; he associated with
Rajput children, killed birds, hunted
with the wild Bhils of the forest — in

Online LibraryRoper LethbridgeThe golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon → online text (page 56 of 63)