Roper Lethbridge.

The golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon online

. (page 6 of 63)
Online LibraryRoper LethbridgeThe golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon → online text (page 6 of 63)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Residence: Ajmir.

ARGAL, Raja of. See Sheoram Singh.

ARJAN DAS, LALA, Rai Saheb. Re-
ceived the title on January 2, 1899.
Residence: Punjab.

ARJAN SINGH, Bhai, Sarddr Bahadur.
The title was conferred as a personal
distinction on January 1, 1898. Is an
extra Assistant Commissioner. Resi-
dence: Punjab.

ARJUN SINGH (of Mukerian), Sarddr.
The title is hereditary. The Sarddr
succeeded the late Sardar Nidhan
Singh in 1892. Residence : Hoshiarpur,
Punjab.

ARJUN SINGH (of Chahel), Sarddr
Bahadur; b. 1845. Succeeded his
father Sardar Joala Singh in 1852.
The title of Sardar is hereditary ; that
of Sarddr Bahadur was conferred as a
personal distinction on January 1, 1894.
The Sardar comes of a Chahel Jat
family. Its founder, Katha Singh, was
in the service of the Bhangi Sardars,
who had taken possession of Lahore in
1764 ; and his son Karm Singh, on
the overthrow of the Bhangi chiefs,
took service with the Maharaja Ranjit
Singh, and ultimately became one of
his most powerful Sardars. He was
killed in the battle of Theri on the
Yusufzai border; and his eldest son,
Sarddr Gurmukh Singh, died of cholera
at Kohat. Sarddr Jodla Singh, father
of the present Sarddr, was at this time
only four years old ; so the Mahdrdjd
Ranjit Singh resumed many of the
jdgirs of the family. Residence:
Amritsar, Punjab.

ARUR SINGH (of Naushahara Nangal),
Sarddr. Of a Shergil Jat family.
The title is hereditary; the founder
of the family was Sarddr Mirza Singh,
who joined the Kanahayya confede-
racy. His son, Sasddr Kanh Singh,
and his grandson, Sarddr Jassa Singh,
were in the service of the Majithia
Chief. Residence: Amritsar, Punjab.



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



15



ASAD KHAN, K.C.I.E., Sir, Sarddr.
The title is hereditary, as the Sardar
is the Chief of the Sarawan Brahuis.
He was created a Companion of the
Most Eminent Order of the Indian
Empire, on January 1, 1878, and a
Knight Commander of the same Most
Eminent Order, June 3, 1893. Resi-
dence: Baluchistan.

ASAD-ULLA KHAN, Nawdb. The title
of Khan Bahadur was conferred on
January 2, 1888, and that of Nawdb
on January 1, 1895. Residence : Mee-
rut, North- Western Provinces.

ASDAR All KHAN, Khdn Bahadur.
Is Assistant- Surgeon. Received the
title on May 21, 1898. Residence:
Bengal.

ASGHAR ALI BEG, Khdn Bahadur.
The title was conferred on June 22,
1897. Residence: Survey Department,
Calcutta.

ASGHAR HUMAYUN JAH, Muham-
mad, Mirza Bahadur, Prince. See
Muhammad.

ASGHAR REZA, Sayyid, Khdn Baha-
dur. The title is personal, and was
conferred on February 16, 1887, on the
occasion of the celebration of the
Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign. Is
a prominent Zdmindar (landowner) of
Krishnaganj in Purniah, Bengal. Resi-
dence : Purniah, Bengal.

ASHIK ALI KHAN, Muhammad, Khdn
Bahadur. See Muhammad.

ASHRAF ALI, Maulavi Mirza, Shams-
ul-Ulama. See Mirza.

ASHRAF-UD-DIN AHMAD, Sayyid,

Khdn Bahadur. Mutawali of the
Hughli Imambara. Created a Khan
Bahadur, as a personal distinction, on
January 2, 1893. Residence: Hughli,
Bengal.
ASHTI, Nawdb of. See Faujdar Khan.

ASHUTOSH MITTRA, Rai Bahadur.
The title was conferred on January 3,
1893. Residence: Kashmir.

ASHUTOSH NATH ROY (of Cossimba-
zar), Raja. Received the title on May
21, 1898. Residence: Cossimbazar,
Murshidabad, Bengal.

ASKOT, Rdjwdr of. See Pushkar Pal.

ASLAM KHAN, Hon. Lieut-Col., CLE.
See Muhammad Aslam Khan.



ASMAN JAH BAHADUR, Mirza,
Prince. The title is the courtesy
title of the second son of the late King
of Oudh. Residence : Calcutta, Bengal.

ASOTHAR, Rdjd of. See Narpat Singh.

ASSA NAND, Rai Saheb. Received the
title on January 1, 1898. Residence:
Military Works Department, Simla.

ATA MUHAMMAD, Shaikh, Khdn
Bahadur. The title was conferred on
May 24, 1889. Residence: Hodeida
and Camaran.

ATA MUHAMMAD KHAN, Subadar-
Major, Khdn Bahadur. Received the
title on May 21, 1898. Residence:
Kurram, Punjab Frontier.

ATA-ULLA KHAN, Lieutenant-Colonel
Mirza, Sardar Bahadur, Rdjd. Re-
ceived the title of Raja on September
9, 1891. Was British Agent at Kabul.
Residence : Wazirabad, Punjab.

ATA-ULLA, Shaikh, Khdn Saheb. Re-
ceived the title on June 3, 1899.
Residence : Commissariat Department,
Simla.

ATA-UR-RAHMAN, Maulavi, Shams-
ul-ulama. Received the title for
eminent learning on June 3, 1898.
Residence : Calcutta.

ATHAR ALI, Munshi, Khdn Bahadur.
Received the title on June 3, 1893.
Residence: Lucknow, Oudh.

ATHGARH, Raja Sri Karan Biswa-
nath Biwarta Patnaik, Rdjd of.
A ruling chief. The Raja, who is a
Hindu of Kayasth descent, was born
on August 12, 1851, and succeeded
to the gadi on February 8, 1896.
Descended from the Raja Niladri
Deo Barman, who founded this
State in very early times by con-
quest; and twenty-eight generations
have intervened between him and the
present Raja. The State is one of
the Orissa Tributary Mahals, Bengal ;
its area is about 168 square miles, and
its population (chiefly Hindus) is
about 31,000. The Raja maintains a
military force of 341 men. Residence :
Athgarh, Orissa, Bengal.

ATHMALIK, Maharaja Mahendra
Deo Sawant, Mahdrdjd of. A ruling
chief. The Maharaja, who is a Hindu
of Kshatriya descent, was born about
the year 1848, and succeeded to the
gadi on February 4, 1877. This State



16



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



is said to have been founded by one
Pratap Deo, who, with seven other
brothers of the Raja of Jaipur, came
with their families on a pilgrimage to
Puri. For some reason or other they
had a quarrel with the Raja of Puri,
by whom two of the brothers were put
to death. The remaining five brothers
fled for their lives to the hills, and
settled at Bonai, of which they took
possession, and of which one of the
brothers was made Raja. The sister
of this Raja of Bonai married Bal-
bhadra Bhanj, a brother of the
Keunjhar Raja, who, having plotted to
dethrone his brother, was put to death
by him. Balbhadra's wife fled to
Bonai, and although the Raja of
Keunjhar sent ambassadors there to
bring her back, Pratap Deo refused to
allow her to return, and went with her
to Ramganj in Bod, where she gave
birth to a son. At that time a
Brahman named Gobardhan Deo was
Raja of Bod, and as his only son was
dead, he adopted Pratap Deo's nephew
as his son and heir. At this time a
Raja who was a Dom by caste was
ruling on the north of the Mahanadi.
Pratap Deo defeated him, and be-
coming ruler of his dominions, founded
a village and named it Pratap-pur
after himself. The elevated plain
across the Handpagarh is, to the
present day, renowned as the garh of
the Dom Raja; and a village called
Pratap-pur still exists near it. Pratap
Deo found a hand a (metal top) in a
tank which he was excavating there,
and gave the place and the State the
name of Handpa. In course of time
one of the chiefs who ruled after
Pratap Deo divided the State into
eight subdivisions, and placed a chief
over each, with a view of bringing
the aborigines into subjection. Hence
the State changed its name from
Handpa to Athmalik (" eight chiefs ").
The State (which is one of the
Orissa Tributary Mahals) has an area
of 730 square miles. Its population,
21,774, is chiefly Hindu ; ^ but there
are more than 5000 aboriginal hill-
men. The Maharaja has a military
force of 360 men and one gun. Resi-
dence : Athmalik, Orissa, Bengal.

ATMA RAM, Rai Saheb. The title was
conferred on June 22, 1897. Residence :
Survey Department, Calcutta.



ATMA SINGH (of Padhana), Sarddr.
The title is personal, and was con-
ferred on January 2, 1888. Residence :
Lahore, Punjab.

ATRA CHANDAPUR, Bdjd of. See
Jagmohan Singh.

ATRAULA, Rdjd of. See Mumtaz Ali
Khan.

ATTA-ULLAH, Shaikh, Khdn Saheb.
See Ata-ulla.

ATTAR SINGH (of Maloha), Sarddr.
The title is hereditary, and the Sardar
belongs to a Khatri family, descended
from the Sardar Dyal Singh, whose
sons were dispossessed of much of
their territory by the Maharaja Ran jit
Singh of Lahore. Residence : Maloha,
Ambala, Punjab.

AUKITHAM ACHAYAMMA GARU (of
Vizagapatam), Rani. The title was
conferred, as a personal distinction, on
January 1, 1896. Residence : Vizaga-
patam, Madras.

AULAD HUSAIN, C.I.E., Khdn Baha-
dur. The title was conferred on
January 1, 1877. Created a Com-
panion of the Most Eminent Order of
the Indian Empire, on January 1, 1882.
Residence: Jabalpur, Central Pro-
vinces.

AUNDH, Shrinivas Parashuram, Pant
Pratinidhi of. A ruling chief. The
Pant Pratinidhi of Aundh, who is
a Hindu Chief of Brahman descent,
was born on November 27, 1833, and
succeeded to the gadi on June 11, 1848.
He was a Member of the Bombay
Legislative Council from 1866 to 1868.
He has four sons — Parashuram Rao,
Gangadhar Rao, Bhawan Rao, and
Bhagwant Rao. The State was for-
merly a feudatory, of Satara; and
this was indicated by the title Prati-
nidhi, which meant "the likeness or
representation of the Raja," and was
conferred on the Pratinidhi Para-
shuram Trimbak during the reign of
Raja Rajaram Maharaj of Satara.
The title of Pant was adopted by
Parashuram Pratinidhi in 1846, on
which occasion he paid a nazar of
Rs.25,000 to the Raja of Satara.
Residence : Aundh, Satara, Bombay.

AUNG GYI, Maung, Kyet thaye zaung
shwe Salwe ya Min. The title is
personal, and was conferred on June



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



17



1, 1888. It means " Recipient of the
Gold Chain of Honour," and is indi-
cated by the letters K.S.M. after the
name. Residence : Ye-u, Burma.

AUNG MIN, Mating, Thuye gaung ngwe
Da ya Min. The title was conferred
as a personal distinction on January
1, 1894. Residence : Myotha, Burma.

AUNG ZAN, Maung, Kyet thaye zaung
shwe Salwe ya Min. The title {see
above) was conferred on June 22, 1897.
Residence: Burma.

AURANGZEB KHAN, Munshi, Khan
Bahadur. The title was conferred on
May 26, 1894. Residence: Jhelum,
Punjab.

AVCHAR, Naik Yeshwant Badal, Naik
of. A ruling chief. The Naik, who
is a Bhil (of aboriginal descent),
was born about the year 1877. The
area of the State (which is one of the
Dang States in Khandesh, Bombay)
is about 8 square miles, with a scanty
population of about 500 Bhils. Resi-
dence : Avchar, Khandesh, Bombay.

AWA, Raj a of. See Balwant.

AYIRANAZHE KOVDLAGAM PONNU
UNNI, Raja. Is hereditary Raja of
Walavanad, the title having been
recognized on December 16, 1890.
Succeeded the late Raja Rama Varma
as head of this great Samarta family
in 1892. Residence: Walavanad, Ma-
dras.

AYODHYANATH MISR SAMAVEDI,
Pandit , Mahdmahopddhydya. The
title is personal (entitling the holder
to take rank in Darbar immediately
after Rajas), and was conferred on
January 1, 1890, for eminence in
oriental scholarship. Residence: Mu-
zaffarpur, Bengal.

AYYASWAMI, PDLLAI, M., Rao Baha-
dur. Received the title on June 1,
1888. Residence: Cuddapah, Madras.

AYYASWAMI SHASTRIYAR, B., Rai

Bahadur. Received the title on Feb-
ruary 16, 1887. Residence : Kumba-
konam, Madras.

AZAM. A prefix.

AZAM SHAH, Raja. The title is heredi-
tary. Residence: Nagpur, Central
Provinces.

AZHAR HUSAIN, Khan Bahadur. The
title was conferred on May 25, 1895.
Residence: Gauhatti, Assam.



AZIM-UD-DIN SAYYID GHUIAM M0-
HID-UD-DIN, Kazi Sayyid, Khdn
Bahadur. The title was conferred on
June 22, 1897. Residence: Poona.

AZIM HUSAIN KHAN, Khdn Bahadur.
The title is personal, and was con-
ferred on July 30, 1886, for dis-
tinguished military services. Resi-
dence : With 5th Punjab Cavalry.

AZIM KHAN, Kundi, Khdn Bahadur.
The title is personal, and was conferred
on May 20, 1890. Residence: Dera
Ismail Khan, Punjab.

AZIM KHAN, Muhammad, Arbab, Khdn
Saheb. See Muhammad.

AZIZ-UD-DIN, Khdn. The title was
originally conferred by the Nawab of
the Carnatic, and was recognized by
Government on December 16, 1890.
Residence: Madras.

AZIZ-ULLA, Akhund(of Matare), Khdn
Bahadur. The title of Khan Bahadur
is personal, and was conferred on
January 25, 1865. Residence: Hyder-
abad, Sind.

AZIZ MUHAMMAD KHAN, Khdn Sa-
heb. Received the title on June 3,
1899. Residence: Medical Depart-
ment, India.

AZMAT ALI KHAN, Muhammad (of
Karnal), JVaicdb Bahadur; b. 1833.
Is of a Jat family, claiming descent
from King Naushirwan, who are
styled Mandul Naushirwani. Mu-
hamdi Khan, great-grandfather of
Nawab Azmat Ali Khan, and his two
brothers, were in the service of the
Mahrattas at the head of 200 horse-
men, and were rewarded by a grant of
extensive lands in Muzaffarnagar and
elsewhere. During the Mahratta war
Muhamdi Khan aided the British
forces, and at its close exchanged his
lands in the Doab for the Pargana of
Karnal, one-third of which descended
to the ancestor of Nawab Azmat Ali
Khdn. During the disturbances of
1857, the Nawab Ahmad Ali Khan,
father of the present Nawab, most
loyally aided the Government with
all his retainers, and his services were
suitably recognized on the restoration
of order. The present Nawab formally
received that title in 1868, and the
further addition of Bahadur on Janu-
ary 1, 1891. Residences: Karnal, Pun-
jab; and Jaroda, Muzaffarnagar,
North-Western Provinces.



18



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



BA, Mating, Myook, Ahmudan gaung
Tazeik ya Min. The title was con-
ferred on January 1, 1895. It is indi-
cated by the letters A. T. M. after the
name. Residence : Minbu, Burma.

BA BWA, Mating, Myook, Ahmudan
gaung Tazeik ya Min. The title was
conferred on January 1, 1892. It is
indicated by the letters A. T. M. after
the name. Residence : Thongwa,
Burma.

BA TU, Maung, Kyet thaye zaung shwe
Salwe ya Min. The title was conferred
on February 16, 1887. It is indicated by
the letters K. S. M. after the name.
Residence : Henzada, Burma.

BA U, Manng, Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya
Min. The title was conferred on Feb-
ruary 16, 1887. It is indicated by the
letters T. D. M. after the name. Resi-
dence : Salwin, Burma.

BA WA, Manng, Kyet thaye zaung shwe
Salwe ya Min. The title was conferred
on May 29, 1886. It is indicated by the
letters K. S. M. after the name.
Residence : Rangoon, Burma.

BABA. A prefix.

BABA KHEM SINGH BEDI, Sir,
K.C.I.E. Was created a Companion
of the Most Eminent Order of the
Indian Empire, January 1, 1897, and
a Knight Commander of the same on
January 1, 1898. Residence: Kallar,
Punjab.

BABHNIPAIR, Rdjd of. See Lob Singh.

B ABU. A prefix.

BABU AMAR NATH, Rai Saheb. See
Amar.

BABURAO BHALCHANDRA ONKAR,

Rao Bahadur. Received the title on
May 21, 1898. Residence: Poona,
Bombay.

BACHITTAR SINGH (of Shahabad),

Sarddr. The title is hereditary. Resi-
dence : Ambala, Punjab.

BABAN SINGH (of Malaudh), Sarddr.
The title is hereditary, the Sardars of
Malaudh (like those of Bhadaur) being
descendants of Phul, and therefore of
the same stock with the Phulkian
Chiefs of Patiala, Jind, and Nabha.
The family is Jat Sidhu, and conquered
the district of Malaudh from the
Afghans of Maler Kotla in 1 754. Sardar



Badan Singh's father was Sardar Mit
Singh, who, with his brother Fateh
Singh, did good service during the war
of 1845-46, supplying fifty horsemen,
and himself fighting in person at the
battles of Mudki and Firuzshahr. In
1857 he showed conspicuous loyalty,
being always ready with men and
money to assist the Government; he
received as a reward the remission of
a year's commutation money, while
one-sixteenth of the whole sum was
excused in perpetuity. In 1872, when
Malaudh was attacked by the Kukas,
Sarddr Badan Singh was badly wounded
by the rebels. Residence : Malaudh,
Ludhiana, Punjab.

BADI-UD-DIN, Khwaja, Khan Bahadur.
The title was conferred on February
24, 1882. Residence : Buldana, Barar.

BADLAPUR, Rdjd of. See Shankar Dat
Dube.

BADR-UD-DIN HAIDAR, Manlavi,

Khan Bahadur. The title was conferred
on May 20, 1896. Residence.- Calcutta.

BADR-TJD-DIN, Muhammad, Khan Baha-
dur. The title was conferred on Janu-
ary 1, 1894. Residence : Mysore.

BADRI DAS, Mnkim, Rai Bahadur;
b. 1833. The title was conferred on
January 1, 1877, on the occasion of the
celebration of the Proclamation of Her
Majesty as Empress of India. Resi-
dence: Calcutta, Bengal.

BADRI DAT JOSHI, Pandit, Rai Baha-
dur; b. October 4, 1830. The title
was conferred on February 16, 1887,
on the occasion of the Jubilee of the
reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty.
The Rai Bahadur's ancestors held the
office of Minister of Kumaon in the
time of the Chand and Gurkha Raj.
Residence : Almora, North- Western
Provinces.

BADRI PARSHAD, Rai Bahadur. The
title was conferred on June 22, 1897.
Residence : Shahj ahanpur, North- West-
ern Provinces.

BADU RAMASWAMI NAYUDU, Rao

Bahadur. See Ramaswami.

BAGHAL, Raja Dhyan Singh, Rdjd of.
A ruling chief ; b. about 1841. Suc-
ceeded to the gadi July 26, 1878.
Belongs to a Puar Rajput (Hindu)
family, descended from Ujjab De, who
came from Ujjain, and conquered



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



19



Baghal at an unknown date. The State
was overrun by the Gurkhas from
Nepal between 1803 and 1815, but
after their expulsion in the latter year,
the Puar chief (about twenty-fifth in
descent from Uj jab De) was recognized
by Government. Kishan Singh, who
had been raised to the rank of Raja
in 1875, died on July 23, 1877, and was
succeeded by his infant son, Raja Moti
Singh ; but the latter also died on
October 12, 1877, when the present
Kaja, a collateral descendant of Ujjab
De, succeeded. The area of the State
(which is one of the Simla Hill States)
is about 124 square miles ; its popula-
tion 20,633, chiefly Hindus. The Raja
maintains a military force of 150
infantry and 1 gun. Residence: Baghal,
Punjab.

BAGHAL SINGH, Rai Bahadur. The
title was conferred on May 24, 1883.
Residence : Sialkot, Punjab.

BAGHAT, Rana Dalip Singh, CLE.,
Rand of A ruling chief ; b. 1860. Suc-
ceeded to the gadi on January 31, 1862.
Belongs to a Rajput family, the an-
cestor of whom came fromDorar Nagri
in the Deccan, arid acquired possession
of the State by conquest. During the
Gurkha wars (1803-15) the conduct of
the then chief, Rana Mohindar Singh,
had been unfriendly ; so on the expul-
sion of the Gurkhas, three-fourths of
the Baghat State was sold to Patiala
for Rs.130,000 and the remaining
fourth was granted to Rand Mohindar
Singh and his heirs. He died without
issue on July 11, 1839, and the State
was at first treated as lapsed ; but in
1842 Lord Ellenborough restored it to
Rana Bije Singh, brother of Mohindar
Singh. He died in January 1849, leav-
ing no direct heir, and the State was
at first again treated as lapsed ; but in

1861 Lord Canning restored it, for good
and loyal conduct, to Umaid Singh, a
cousin of the late Rana. But before
the sanad conferring the grant could
be prepared, Umaid Singh died, and
his last request was that his son Dalip
Singh might succeed him. In January

1862 a sanad was granted to Rana Dalip
Singh. The area of the State (which
is one of the Simla Hill States) is about
60 square miles ; its population 8339,
chiefly Hindus. The Rana was created
a Companion of the Most Eminent
Orderof the Indian Empire on January



1, 1896. He maintains a military force
of 25 soldiers. Residence: Baghat,
Punjab.

BAGLI, Thakur Raghunath Singh,
Thdkurof. A ruling chief ; b. 1860, and
succeeded to the gadi in January 1869.
The Thakur is descended from a Rahtor
Rajput family (Hindu). The State is
enclosed within that of Gwalior, so
that its exact area is not known. Its
population is 14,645, chiefly Hindus.
Residence: Bagli, Indore, Central
India.

BAGNI, Ajahat Sir JDeshmvkh. See
Ramchandra Narayan Mantri.

BAHA-UD-DIN, Malik, Khan Saheb.
Received the title on May 21, 1898.
Residence : Nao Hissar, Quetta, Balu-
chistan.

BAHA-UD-DIN, Shekh, Nawdb-i-Amb,
CLE. The Shekh is Vazir of His
Highness the Nawab of Junagarh;
and was created a Companion of the
Most Eminent Order of the Indian
Empire on June 3, 1893. Residence :
Junagarh, Kathiawar, Bombay.

BAHADUR ALI KHAN, Nawdb Baha-
dur. The Nawab Bahadur is the son
of the Nawdb Amir Ali Khan, who was
thegrandsonof His late Majesty Shujd-
ud-daula, King of Oudh. Residence:
Lucknow, Oudh.

BAHADUR KHAN, Khan Saheb. The
title was conferred on January 1, 1892.
Residence : Thang, Punjab.

B AH ADURNAGAR, Raja of. See Sarf araz
Begam.

BAHADUR SINGH, Thakur, Rao Saheb,
CLE. See Masuda, Thakur of.

BAHADUR SINGH (of Sarekha), Thd-
kur. See Sarekha, Thakur of.

BAHAR MAL, Rao. The title was con-
ferred on January 1, 1877, on the
occasion of the Proclamation of Her
Most Gracious Majesty as Empress of
India. Residence: Merwara.

BAHAWALPUR, His Highness Rukn-
ud-Daula Nasrat Jang Hafiz-ul-Mulk
Mukhlis-ud-Daula Nawab Sir Sadik
Muhammad Khan Bahadur, G.CS.L,
Nawdb of. A ruling chief ; b. in
1862. Succeeded to the gadi in 1866.
Belongs to a Daudputra (Muhammadan)
family, whose ancestor came from Sind
about the middle of the eighteenth



20



THE GOLDEN BOOK OF INDIA



century. Muhammad Sadik Khan was
Governor of Bahawalpur under the
Sikh Government; and the chiefs of
his clan retained virtual independence
till his second son, the Nawab Bahawal
Khan I., reduced the whole tribe,
and consolidated his power. By the
treaties of Lahore between the British
Government and the Maharaja Kanjit
Singh, the latter was confined to the
right bank of the Satlej ; and thereby
Bahawalpur was protected from the
Sikhs. The Nawab rendered faithful
assistance to the Government in the
first Afghan war ; and during the siege
of Multan the troops of Bahawal Khan
III. co-operated with Sir Herbert
Edwardes. Bahawal Khan III. was
succeeded by his younger son, Saadat
Yar Khan ; but the latter was subse-
quently deposed by his elder brother,
Haji Khan, who after his victory as-
sumed the name of Fateh Muhammad
Khan. He died in 1858, and was suc-
ceeded by his son, who assumed the
name of Bahawal Khan IV. He had
tof ace some serious rebellions, and died
suddenly in 1866, leaving his son, the
present Nawab, a boy of only four years
old, in a difficult and dangerous position.
It was resolved, however, by the Para-
mount Power, that the young Nawab
should be supported ; and during his
minority the administration was placed
in British hands, native officers being
appointed, so that there might be no
break in continuity of system on the
Nawab's coming of age. Since then
vast improvements have been made in
the irrigation system of the country,
which depends upon inundation canals
for the greater part of its cultivation.
Existing works have been entirely re-
modelled, and new canals constructed
in several parts of the territory, the
result of which is that the revenues
have nearly doubled . Courts of Justice
have been established, under the general
control of a Chief Court, presided over
by three native gentlemen, and are
highly popular. A system of Public
Instruction, comprising primary,
middle, and superior education, has
been set on foot ; a central jail has
been built, and the prison system
greatly improved. Three new towns
have been founded. A stud farm for
improving the breed of horses has been
placed under the scientific supervision
of a trained Forest Conservator. The



area of the State is 17,285 square
miles; its population is 573,494, chiefly
Muhammadans, with 91,272 Hindus.
His Highness the Nawab Bahadur
maintains a military force of 443 cavalry,
1352 infantry, and 11 guns, and is en-
titled to a salute of 17 guns. He was
created a Knight Grand Commander
of the Most Exalted Order of the Star
of India, November 16, 1880. Resi-
dences : The Palace, Bahawalpur, Pun-
jab ; Bahawalpur House, Lahore.

BAHRAM SHAH, Muhammad (of

Rassapagla), Shdhzdda. See Muham-
mad Bahram Sbah.

BAI (INDORE), Thakur Manrup Singh,
Thdkurof. A ruling chief. The Thakur
is descended from a Rajput (Hindu)
family, and succeeded to the gadi in
1880. Residence: Bai, Indore, Central
India.

BAIDYA. See also Boydo.

BAIDYANATH PANDIT, Raja Bahadur.
The title of Rai Bahadur was conferred
on January 1, 1877, that of Raja on
January 1, 1889, and that of Raja
Bahadur on January 1, 1898. Resi-
dence : Cuttack, Bengal.

BAIJNATH SINGH, Rai Bahadur. The
title was conferred on January 1, 1892.
Residence : Gaya, Bengal.

BAIJ NATH SAHAY, Rai Saheb. Re-
ceived the title on January 1, 1898.
Residence : Mirzapur, North- Western
Provinces.

BAIJ NATH, Lala, Rai Bahadur. Re-
ceived the title for eminent services as
a Sub- Judge, on May 21, 1898. Resi-
dence : North-Western Provinces.

BAIKANTHA NATH BASU, Rai Baha-
dur. The title was conferred on Janu-
ary 1, 1894. Residence : Calcutta.

BAIKANTHA NATH DE, Rdjd Baha-
dur. The title was conferred on Janu-
ary 1, 1889. Residence: Balasor,



Online LibraryRoper LethbridgeThe golden book of India; a genealogical and biograhical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire, with an appendix for Ceylon → online text (page 6 of 63)