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heirs male . . . remainder to the use of every other son of
said son John and his heirs male . . . remainder to my 2nd
son Henry . . . remainder to the use of Sir John Bingham
of Castlebar, Co. Mayo, Baronet . . . remainder to John
Bingham, eldest son of Sir John . . . and his heirs male
. . . remainder to Charles, second son of said Sir John . . .
and his heirs male . . . remainder to George, third son of
said Sir John . . . remainder to Henry, brother to said Sir




JOHN VESEY, ARCHBISHOP OF TUAM.



THE IRISH BRANCHES 133

John . . . and his heirs male . . . with remainder to my
own right heirs for ever.

And whereas by Indented Articles of Agreement made on
the intermarriage of my said son John Bingham, d. 30"" May
1738, it is provided and agreed that it shall be lawful for me by
deed or will ... to charge the lands of Ballanaloob, otherwise
Noosebrook, otherwise Newbrook . . . with any sum of money
not exceeding £8000. I do hereby in execution and by virtue
of said power charge said lands of Ballanaloob with the sum
of £8000 which sum of £8000 I leave and bequeath as follows :

To daughter Anne Bingham £3000 over and above the sum
of £1000 herein before devised to her. . . .

To daughter Susannah Bingham £1250.

To daughter Katherine Bingham £1250.

To daughter Rebecca Bingham £1250, said sums to be
paid to said daughters Susannah, Katherine and Rebecca . . .
at days of marriage. . . .

(Directions as to payment and conditions in case of death.)

Further I direct that the sum of £1250, the remaining part
of said sum of £8000, shall be paid to my daughter Dorothy
Bingham at her day of marriage ... in case she marries
without consent said £1250 to be paid to said son Henry
Bingham.

And whereas in and by said articles of agreement made on
said intermarriage of my said son John, said lands of Ballana-
loob and other lands are thereby agreed to be vested in and
settled after my decease on said son John during the term of
his life, remainder to the first and every other son of said John
in tail male, remainder to my right heirs for ever, which
reversion in fee so reserved to and vested in me I dispose of
in manner following (condition in case of death of said John
and Henry without issue male and in case of death of any of
said daughters).

My further will is that my grandson Henry Bingham and
all and every other person and persons who shall be entitled
to and in possession of said lands and premises before mentioned
by virtue of any of the limitations in this my will shall and



134 MEMOIRS OF THE BINGHAMS

may when in possession grant, limit and appoint any part of
the said premises not exceeding £300 per annum in value to
any woman he shall happen to marry for her life for her jointure,
the house and demesne of Newbrook excepted. . . .

Executors : Son-in-law Joshua Cooper, Esq., son John
Bingham, daughter Ann Bingham, and brother-in-law William
Vesey, Esq.

Witnesses : James Stuart, Hen. Bingham.

Christ. Bowen, Dated 30"" September 1743.
W°. Fox.

Codicil: Whereas . . . by said will I have settled my estate
of Dromscobagh, Buimefinglass and all other my lands . . .
whereof I am seized or possessed and which were not settled
or agreed to be settled on my son John Bingham on his inter-
marriage on certain trustees to the use of said son John for
life, remainder to grandson Henry Bingham for life with divers
remainders over. Now my will is and I give and devise my
said estate of Dromscobagh . . . and all other my lands . . .
unto said son John and his heirs for ever, subject to the pay-
ment of so much of my debts as my personal estate wUl fall
short of the payment of and also subject to the payment of
the legacy of £1000 devised to my daughter Ann Bingham
and to the annuity of £100 per ann. bequeathed to my second
son Henry Bingham. . . .

Witnesses : James Stuart, Hen. Bingham.

Christ. Bowen, Dated 14"' October 1743.
W". Fox. Proved 1744.

(No grant of Probate on WiU.)

The portrait vi'hich we give here is that of Letitia
Bingham, the third daughter of the Right Hon.
Henry Bingham of Nev^^brook. She was the sister of
Anne Bingham who married Christopher St. George
of Tyrone in 1778. She is represented engaged in the
hand weaving of ribbon, which was in the eighteenth
century quite an occupation for ladies. Ribbon hand




LETITIA BINGHAM, WIFE OF CHRISTOPHER ST. GEORGE.
liy Juhn llyaii, 1780.



THE IRISH BRANCHES 135

weaving continued in vogue until the invention of the
spinning-jenny by Arkwright. This portrait is attri-
buted to John Ryan, an Irish artist of no great merit,
and its date is approximately 1780.

John Ormsby, of Cloghans, Co. Mayo, in his will,
dated 1732 and proved 1745, mentions his first wife,
Henrietta Bingham, and his second wife, Frances
Vesey. The Ormsbys and Binghams were on very
friendly terms as families presumably, for we find
Sir Henry Bingham, John Bingham, Esq., and
Captain John Bingham, the son of the latter, named
as trustees in the will, dated 1700 and proved in 1714,
of Robert Ormsby, father of John Ormsby.

This Sir Henry Bingham was evidently the third
baronet. John Bingham had a daughter Henrietta,
who is stated to have died unmarried.

The Ormsbys also married with the Veseys, for
Dr. William Vesey, the son of the Archbishop of
Tuam, married Mary, daughter of John Ormsby, of
Dublin. One authority calls her * Mary Dixon, widow

of Ormsby ' ; but in both the will of her father

and in that of her mother there is mention made of
a daughter Mary, and in her mother's she is specially
named as Mary Vesey.

A title of Baron is stated to have been offered to
Henry Bingham but refused. His son John married
Frances, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Sir Arthur
Shaen, second Baronet of Kilmore, son of Sir James
Shaen, first Baronet, by the Lady Frances Fitzgerald,
his wife, daughter of George, sixteenth Earl of Kildare.
Through this marriage the Shaen property of Erris,
Co. Mayo, came to the Binghams. Sir Arthur Shaen
having only two daughters, the second married to



136 MEMOIRS OF THE BINGHAMS

Henry Boyle Carter of Castle Martin, Co. Kildare,
the elder to John Bingham of Newbrook, the Shaen
estates were divided between the sisters.

There is an interesting portrait of John Bingham
of Newbrook, the husband of Frances Shaen. It
hangs at Bingham Castle, and we reproduce it here.
The date of the picture and the name of the artist
have not been preserved.

The second son of the Right Hon. Henry Bing-
ham—Henry of Castle Bourke— was admitted to the
Middle Temple in 1739 and became a barrister-at-law.
He was M.P. for Tuam from 1750 to 1768. He married
Cordelia Tighe, and died sine prole in 1769. In his will
he writes :

To my dearly beloved brother John Bingham, who has
always behaved to me with great affection, I give and
bequeath to him the remainder of all my worldly substance.

The date of John Bingham's death is unknown,
but it is evident he was alive when this will was written
in 1769, and dead in 1783, as Cordelia Bingham, widow
of the above Henry Bingham, writes in her will : * My
executors shall as soon as may be after my death call
in the principal sum of ;^iooo due and secured to me
on the estate of the late John Bingham.' In another
item of her will she bequeaths to her nephew, Richard
Tighe, ' my father's miniature picture set in diamonds
and my gold snuff-box, and my white muslin night-
dress wrought with Dresden (?) work ! '

His daughter Anne married Joshua Cooper of
Mercuvy, Co. Sligo ; Susanna married, in 1754, the
Rev. John Foster ; Katherine married Chamberlain
Walker, Esq., barrister-at-law ; Rebecca became the



THE IRISH BRANCHES 137

wife of Charles Hamilton in 1753 ; and Dorothy's
husband was Lee, Esq.

Henry Bingham, Esq., of Newbrook, son of John,
and grandson of the Right Hon. Henry Bingham,
was the next to succeed to the estate. He married
on December 12, 1761, Letitia, daughter of Denis
Daly, Esq., of Raford, Co. Galway, and his eldest
son, John Bingham, became first Lord Clanmorris,
being raised to the peerage of Ireland on July 30,
1800, as Baron Clanmorris of Newbrook, Co. Mayo.
Through this alliance the Lords Clanmorris derive
descent through the noble houses of Burke, Shirley,
Devereux, Bourchier, and Plantagenet from Edward III,
King of England.

Henry Bourchier, Earl of Ewe and Essex, married
Lady Isabel Plantagenet, only daughter of Richard,
Earl of Cambridge, who was son of Edmund Langley,
Duke of York, K.G., fourth son of Edward III. Cecily
Bourchier, their granddaughter, sister and heiress of
Henry, Earl of Essex, married John Devereux, Lord
Ferrers of Chartley, and the fifth in descent from them
was Lady Dorothy Devereux, daughter and co-heiress
of Robert, second Earl of Essex, K.G., by Frances his
wife, daughter and heiress of Sir Francis Walsingham
and relict of Sir Philip Sidney. She married Sir
Henry Shirley, Bart., of Stanton Harold, and their
only daughter, Lettice, married William Burke, seventh
Earl of Clanricarde, and was great-grandmother of
Lady Ann Burke, who married Denis Daly, Esq., of
Raford, and whose daughter Letitia, as mentioned
above, married Henry Bingham, Esq., of Newbrook.

Henry Bingham died in December 1789, and is
buried in the chapel attached to Bingham Castle,



138 MEMOIRS OF THE BINGHAMS

where a stone tablet bearing the following inscription
was erected by his son Denis :

HENRY BINGHAM

Of Newbrooke House in the Co. of Mayo, Esq"^.
Departed this Life in December 1789

IN the -3 YEAR OF HIS LiFE

He WAS A Man unto his God

AND to the Religion he professed

Full of attention to his bretheren of Mankind

Faithful to his Friends Considerate to his Enemies

Warm with Compassion to the Unfortunate

Magnanimous without being Proud

Humble without being mean ; Just without being harsh

Simple in his Manners but Manly in his Feelings

Whose word was sacred

Whose Countenance never denied you

Whose Professions of Kindness

WERE THE effusions OF THE HEART

In him his family lost a powerful Supporter

AND his tenancy THE MOST BENEVOLENT OF LANDLORDS

He MARRIED Letitia Daly

Daughter of Denis Daly

OF Raford in the County of Galway, Esquire

A Lady endued with every virtue

that could make her worthy of a husband

whom she so truly loved and revered

This monument is erected by

Denis Bingham of Bingham Castle

TO record the affectionate regret

with which he cherishes the memory of such parents.

It is stated that one of the owners of Bingham
Castle, who did not like the Dalys, cut off that part
of the inscription which referred to them, and that in
its mutilated state it still remains.




THE BINGHAM CHRISTENING BOWL.




THE BINGHAM CHRIST1;NMX(; I'.oWl



(See page H5J



THE IRISH BRANCHES 139

Administration of his will was granted to his
widow Letitia on March 13. To his son Denis, a major
in the 5th Dragoon Guards, from whom are descended
the Binghams of Bingham Castle, he bequeathed all
his pictures, prints, books and bookcases, with a
request that he should ' take care of them in memory
of his father,' as well as two valuable old rings ' that
belonged to my mother's family.'




SURKE,

anciently De Burgh.



The win in full is as follows



Henry Bingham of Newbrook, Co. Mayo, Esq.

I give and devise that part of my estate known by the
name of my Sheane Estate and which is situated in the half
barony of Erris, Co. Mayo, and in the King's Co. and Counties
of Roscommon and Westmeath to John Kirwan, Esq., of Castle-
hackett ... for a term of 300 years to commence immediately
after my death upon such trusts as herein after mentioned
. . . out of the rents, issues and profits of said lands
comprised in said term or by sale or mortgage of a competent
part thereof, such of the debts as by agreement with my father
I was to pay out of ten thousand nine hundred and ten pounds
consideration money of his conveyance money to me of part
thereof to pay off and discharge the said Sheane estate as still
remains unsatisfied, and also such of my own debts, if any, as



140 MEMOIRS OF THE BINGHAMS

my personal estate shall not be sufficient to discharge, and in
the next place to aid and assist my sister Mary Bingham and
her assigns by all or any of the aforesaid ways and means in
the punctual receipt of an annuity of £200 during her life,
which she has for valuable consideration purchased from
me as by said deed of annuity may appear ; and lastly upon
trust by the ways and means aforesaid to raise, levy and pay
to Henry Bingham my 2nd son £4000 in lieu and full satis-
faction of any right or title he may claim to any part, share
or proportion of such sums of money as I have by my marriage
settlement or otherwise a right to charge as portions for my
younger children and subject to the trust of said term of 300
years. I give and devise the fee and inheritance of my said
Sheane estate to my 3rd son Denis Bingham, Lieutenant of his
Majesty's 5th Dragoon Guards in Ireland, and his heirs male
for ever, with power to him to settle £100 a year for every
£1000 he gets by any lady he chooses to marry, and in case he
dies without issue male my will is that it reverts to my second
son Henry Bingham, Esq., and his right heirs for ever, subject
to my debts and my sister's annuity arising out of the following
lands, lying and being in the half barony of Erris, Co. Mayo,
of my undivided moiety of the town and lands of Tumbeagh,
Carne, Emlicash, Mullaughadoon, Tonskear, KnocklanUng
otherwise Knocknalina, Aughalasseen, Maucowragh otherwise
Moraghan, Tullagh-Cloy, Emlagvagh, Ballymecksheron other-
wise Ballymacksheren, Cross, Renagnagh, Drumreagh, Barnagh,
Lame, Ellagh otherwise Elly, Clougher, Nakell, Litterbeg,
Clooneen, Corclough, Gladdeny, Invermungt, Attycoonanny
otherwise Attyconanny, Towerglass, Glanturke, Duncrighan
otherwise Duncreghan, Killgalligen, Mungibo otherwise
Aghaghlasheen otherwise Aghalasheen, Innissglora and
Kid Islands, Emlaghbegg, Lecarranclough, Lecarramacteige,
Rossdugh, Onaghriagh, Lackmolloge, Glanmoy, Burrowskey,
Shraghnaploy, Gorticilly otherwise Gortlectilly, Altor otherwise
Altagh, Ballygally, Lenaghreagh otherwise Lennaghreagh,
Merngs, Curraghmore, Loughmurraghy, Onrenaragh, Carra-
more otherwise Bal5nnonnelly otherwise Ballyconnetty with



THE IRISH BRANCHES 141

its several farms and different denominations as will appear
in the rent roll, Glancullen, Glantikilly otherwise Cloontikilly,
Glancowe, Ederglann otherwise Aghaghvoneen, Mungmore,
Doolough otherwise Dooyark, Carramore, Carranlogs,
Litteragh, Glancashill, Gortmore, Annagh, Portilough, Mung-
nangane, Gordiniden, Loughmunaghy and Envor, all situated
in the half barony of Erris, Co. Mayo, with all and singular
the rights, members and appurtenances thereunto belonging.
And whereas in pursuance of indented Articles of agreement
duly made and executed previous to my marriage with my
wife Letitia Bingham otherwise Daly, dated 27th October
1761, the sum of £5000 her marriage portion together with a
sum of ;f30oo which I had a power to charge on the lands
mentioned in said articles was to be the fund for younger
children's portion. And whereas said sum of £5000 was
afterwards paid by me in the following manner. I paid my
eldest daughter Ann St. George since deceased ;f25oo. I paid
to Mr. James Browne of Brown Hall the remaining £2500 to
redeem my Bishop's lease which my father was obliged to
pay by my marriage articles out of the Sheane estate formerly
given up by me to him for that purpose. And whereas my
sister Mary Bingham has assigned her child's portion of £6000
to, for and in consideration of said annuity of ;£200. Now
I do hereby in execution and by virtue of said power and
every other power and authority vested in me charge and
encumber all and every said lands, tenements and heredita-
ments in said articles mentioned with the sum of £3000, which
sum of £3000 together with the sum of £6000 ... I am
entitled to, chargeable and charged on my settled or paternal
estate, making in the whole £9000. My will is that the same
shall be divided share and share alike in manner following
between my five daughters now living, that is to say Frances,
Letitia, Charlotte, Harriott and Louisa to be paid and payable
to them at their respective age of 25 years or days of marriage,
which ever shall soonest happen, provided they marry with
the consent of their mother. ... If they marry without her
consent . . . the child so doing shall be cut off with £500 and



142 MEMOIRS OF THE BINGHAMS

the remaining part to go share and share alike amongst
my remaining daughters. . . .

I leave and bequeath my purchase of Lissrobert to my
beloved wife and that after her death she shall dispose of it to
any of her daughters she shall think proper to leave it to, also
my plate, furniture, linen etc.

To second son the demands due to me by the late John and
Loftus Stewarts.

To son Denis my pictures, prints, books and bookcases which
I request he will take care of in memory of his father. I also
leave him two valuable old rings that belonged to my mother's
family. I direct that all rent due to me on my paternal estate at
the time of my death may go in discharge of my debts and also
the rents of my Shaen estate. I leave my house I paid for in
Tuam as a freehold to my son Denis Bingham. I leave the three
gentlemen my sons, my property of Borough of Tuam and I fur-
ther recommend them to my brethren the Burgesses of Tuam.

I appoint my beloved wife Letitia Bingham guardian of
my younger children under the age of 21 years and I nominate
and constitute my wife Letitia the residuary legatee of my
personal estate and I appoint John Kirwan, Esq., of Castle-
hackett my particular friend to be my executor.
Witnesses : Owen Lindsey, Henry Bingham.

And" Clark, Dated so"" November 1789.

Felix Pigott.

Codicil, I confirm and ratify said will.

To eldest daughter Frances Bingham £2000 in addition to
the provision already made for her, which sum of £2000 I
hereby charge on my Erris estate in the Co. of Mayo and my
estates in the Kings Co. and Counties of Westmeath and Ros-
common, said sum to be raised out of said estates and paid
to said daughter Frances on the day of her marriage, provided
she marries with the consent of her mother.

And" Clark, Henry Bingham.

Owen Lindsay, Dated 22*^ December 1789.

Felix Pigott.




HENRY BINGHAM OF NEWBROOK



THE IRISH BRANCHES 143

There is at Bingham Castle a portrait of Henry
Bingham of Newbrook, the husband of Letitia Daly.
The picture is by an unknown artist, and its exact
date cannot be ascertained. The condition of the
canvas rendered a more satisfactory reproduction
impossible. Still it would have been a pity to have
excluded it. It is just possible that at some time
the canvas has been cut down, for it seems hardly
probable that an artist would have, as it were, cut off
the top of the wig in the manner shown.

There was a cause depending between said Letitia Bingham,
widow and relict of Henry Bingham, late of Newbrooke, Co.
Mayo, Esq., dec'' residuary legatee of the one part and John
Bingham, Esq., of the other part. John Kirwan, Esq., the
executor having renounced. Letters of Administration were
granted to said Letitia Bingham during the pending of said
cause. . . .

13"" March 1790.

The widow of Henry Bingham remarried in 1794,
her second husband being Walter Blake, third son
of Sir Walter Blake, tenth baronet. A grandson of
Henry Bingham, by name Robert Augustus, was
unhappily killed by the accidental discharge of a
pistol. It has been noticed in the family that the
names Robert Augustus in conjunction have proved of
ill-omen, all those bearing them having died young.

The death of Robert Augustus Bingham, who was
accidentally shot, happened in this wise. He was
seated at a table opposite to a Mr. Charles Knight,
the author of Knight's 'History of England,' 'Old
England,' and other works. It was at the time when
percussion-caps had just been introduced to super-
sede the flint-locks of firearms. Knight was showing



144 MEMOIRS OF THE BINGHAMS

Bingham how they were used on a pistol. The weapon
went off, and Bingham was so badly wounded that he
had only time to tell a hastily summoned servant that
it was an accident before he died.

On one occasion Major Bingham was a principal
in a fatal duel, the result of an election dispute with
Lord Browne, who was reputed to be a dead shot.
On the way to the meeting place in the Mullet, the
major's horse stumbled in the sand-banks and he
was thrown. His servant said ' Turn back, sir, you
will surely be dead ' ; but the Major answered ' No !
I go to live.' When the combatants were opposite
each other, and the signal given. Major Bingham
fired so quickly that Lord Browne was dead before
firing. Of the mansion we read as follows :

Major Denis Bingham came to reside in Erris about the
year 1796 and began to make extensive improvements. He
commenced building a suitable residence in the castellated
style, with ofhces and garden commensurate with the extent
of the building. The castle with a greenhouse in the same
style at one side and a chapel at the other, corresponding in
style with embrasures, turrets etc. occupied a space in front of
700 feet. The interior was ornamented with historical and
allegorical paintings and the place has altogether a most
imposing appearance.

Major Bingham also commenced to buUd a town
at Ballymacsheron, now known as Binghamstown,
but owing to the erection of BelmuUet in a more central
position, Binghamstown fell more or less into decay.
Altogether Major Bingham did a great deal for the
property, reclaiming land and farming. His father,
Henry Bingham of Newbrook, left in his wUl * the fee
and inheritance of my Shaen estate to my third son
Denis Bingham of his Majesty's 5th Dragoon Guards



THE IRISH BRANCHES



145



and his heirs male for ever and in case he dies without
issue male my will is that it reverts to my second
son Henry Bingham, Esqre., and his right heirs
for ever.' So Major Bingham having only one child,
a daughter, and not wishing her to be deprived of his
estate, he married her to his nephew Robert Augustus




Bingham Castle (from an old print).

Bingham, son of his brother Henry Bingham, and
from them are descended the present owners of
Bingham Castle. There are many valuable family
portraits at present at Bingham Castle, Co. Mayo.

The Binghams of Bingham Castle possess a family
relic in the shape of a christening bowl, which is and
always haa been used since it was first obtained.

The bowl is made of what is called delf ironstone,
and the potter's name is G. Wooliscroft.

In design, it may be noted, the bowl is eminently
unecclesiastical, being decorated with flowers and a
vase. The painting shows some influence of Oriental



146 MEMOIRS OF THE BINGHAMS

feeling, possibly Chinese, both in the colouring and
the design.

The bowl is not circular, as its edge is a dodecagon
(twelve-sided). The ornamental border is in two
halves, which reverse on either side, and these do not
meet accurately. This border is apparently stamped
on to the bowl. Round the outside there is a rather
elegant conventional pattern. The diameter of the
bowl is fifteen inches. From our illustrations a very
good idea of this interesting relic will be obtained.




Yelvertok.

We also give two views of Bingham Castle, one
obtained from an old print, and the other from a
photograph. From the latter a very good idea of the
size and character of the house will be obtained. The
reproduction of the old print evidently does not err on
the side of excessive accuracy in detail.

The Right Hon. John Bingham, the first Baron
Clanmorris, was bom in the year 1762, and in 1791
he married, at Fortfield House, Co. Dublin, the
Hon. Anna Maria Marie Yelverton, the only daughter
of Barry, first Viscount Avonmore, * the dearest
friend of Curran, and the beloved of the good and
great in Ireland, a lawyer, orator and statesman.'
There are many stories afloat as to Viscount Avon-




CHIEF BARON YELVERTON, LORD AVONMORE.



THE IRISH BRANCHES 147

more's suffering great poverty in his early manhood,
and, as a proof, his pathetically saying to his mother
' Oh ! I wish I had eleven shirts more ! ' When his
mother inquired why he desired to have that particular
number, he is reported to have explained by saying
' Because every gentleman should have a dozen.'
[R. L. Shell, ' Sketches of the Irish Bar,' i. 25.] Lord
Avonmore was also very instrumental in bringing
about the Union.

Very few facts about the life of the first Lord


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