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was a flowering Laurestinus {Viburnum %labratum
H.B.K. No. 220) curiously like the familiar plant of our
gardens. To me, after my long stay in the tropics, the
whole scene suddenly seemed very home-like and
pleasant. But the next minute as I turned in another
direftion, the illusion was dispelled by the sight of great
thickets of palms {Geonoma Appuniand) and a few
singly standing and very stately tree ferns.

Up from the bramble-belt, passing obliquely up the
cliff face, ran the ledge by which we ascended to the top
of Roraima. The lower part of the ledge, for perhaps
two-thirds of its length, is wide, much broken and very
uneven of surface. This part is somewhat irregularly
bush-covered. Then the continuity of the ledge is sud-
denly almost broken by a deep ravine, a part of the
rock having been worn away by a stream which falls on
to it from the cliff above. The ravine thus made is
almost bare of vegetation. Above, the ledge slopes
somewhat steeply but evenly from the point where it
re-commences to the top ; and this part of it is cov-

Digitized by


l82 TlMEHRI.

ered by a dwarf vegetation never more than two or three
feet high.

The shrubs on the part of the ledge below the ravine
seem to be generally much the same as on the forest
slope ; but among these a few new ones appear. Among
the latter were the very beautiful Drimys granatensis
Mutis [No. 242] with its very beautiful white flowers,
like pendent wood-anemones ; a new and beautiful
Microlicia (Microlicia bryanthoides, Oliver, N. sp. [No.
239]) and several more species of Psy choir ia [Nos. 191,
291]. There, too, was an abundance of the Lisianthus
[No. 188], already mentioned, and of Utricularia

At the bottom of the ravine into which the stream
falls the rocks are bare and leafless but for a large num-
ber of a pretty white flowered Myrtus (M. stenophylla,
Oliver, N. sp. [No. 324]) which, met with no where else,
were growing abundantly in the spray of the falling

But beyond this ravine, on the upper part of the
ledge, the true botanical paradise begins. The main
vegetation is formed of Brocchinia cordylinoides, BAKER,
(in the axils of the leaves of which here grows Utricula-
ria Humboldtii), Abolboda sceptrum, Oliver, and
Stegolepis guyanensis, Kl. [No. 338]. But among
these were wonderful numbers of plants entirely
new to me and of most striking beauty. Many
of these were shrubby, but of so diminutive a char-
after as to be striftly Alpine. Of these by far
the most beautiful was a wonderful heath-like plant,
with dark green-leaved stems, stout and sturdy but yet
seeming almost over-weighted by their great load of

Digitized by


Notes on Plants at Roraima. 183

intensely vivid crimson star-like flowers. This plant
[No. 308.] Professor OLIVER has identified as a Ledo-
thatnnus [No. 308], possibly L. guyanensis, Meissner,
var. minor \ but of much more slender form than is attri-
buted to that plant in Martius Fl. Bras. vii. 172.

Another shrublet, in charafter recalling the "Alpine
Rose" {Rhododendron ferrugineum) bore even more
disproportionately large flowers, of an exquisite pink
colour. It was a Befaria, approaching B. resinosse,
Mutis [No. 310]. Other tiny shrubs there were a white,
feather-flowered Weinmannia ( IV. glabra, L. f. var ?) [No.
244], a myrtle (M. n. sp. aff. M. myricoidi> H.B.K. [No.
189]) yet another species of Psycho tria, (P. im Thurniana,
Oliver, n. sp. [No. 163]) ; a Baccharis (B. Vitis-Idaea,
Oliver, n. sp. [No. 241]); and a Vaccinium (V. floru
bundum ? H.B.K. [No. 329]). On most of these tiny
shrubs was growing an appropriately tiny mistletoe,
{Phoradendron Roraimae, Oliver, N. sp. [No. 323],) a
miniature of our English plant. Among all these, many
other interesting plants occurred. There grew, in far
greater luxuriance and size than below, the pitcher plant,
Heliamphora nutans, Benth. [No. 257]. There grew
great masses of two species of Xyris {X. Fontanisiana,
Kth. and X. witsenoides, Oliver, N. sp. [No. 240],)
the latter very striking and curious by reason of the
Witsenia-like habit of their dark green -leaved stems,
with pretty star-like yellow flowers. There grew a
plant with a flower which, because of its form and colour,
I at first sight mistook for a Frittilaria, like a l snake's
head,' (F. meleagrts); but it was a new Lisianthus,
which Professor OLIVER has named L. im Thurnianus,
Oliver, Af. sp. [No. 306]. There grew many small, but

Digitized by


184 TlMEHRI.

pretty and bright-coloured orchids — a remarkable num-
ber of them new species of Epidendrum (E. montigenum,
Ridley, N. sp. [No. 322] and another [No. 304]). And
there grew a Scirpus of a new genus, named by Mr
RIDLEY Everardia (E. montana, Ridley [No. 335]).

So the vegetation of the ledge continued to the top,
and indeed aftually over, on to the top.

The general effeft of the vegetation of Roraima, fitly
rivalling in this respeft the marvellously strange geo-
logical aspeft of the place, is so strange as to be very
difficult of sufficiently emphatic description. It occupies
more or less wide trafts, generally almost level, between
the bare flat rocks and the groups of piled rocks which
occupy the greater part of the plateau. In such places it
forms a dense carpet of vegetation, which is generally but
a few inches in height, except where from its general level
rise a few scattered individuals of the one shrub of any con-
spicuous height (Bonnetia roraimae ) Oliver N. sp. [330],)
— and that was never more than from 30 to 40 inches in
height — or by the many and very remarkable flower-
stems of Abolboda sceptrum, Oliver, [312], which, to my
great delight, at that height bore its beautiful blooms,
the appearance of which I have already described.
Through this carpet of vegetation ran many small
streams ; and even elsewhere much water everywhere
saturated the turf. A very few plants also grew in the
crevices of the piled rocks, which otherwise were bare of

The chief constituents of this turf-like vegetation were
vast quantities of a new species of Paepalanthus (P.
Roraimse, Oliver, N. sp. [No. 294]), and great masses of
sphagnum-like mosses. In the latter grew, — in such

Digitized by


Notes on Plants at Roraima. 185

abundance as to redden the ground — the pretty little
sundew, (Drosera communis [313]). Groups of very
luxuriant pitcher-plants (Heliamphora) were there also.
Great quantities of tiny shrubs of Alpine character, inter-
wove their branches with each other and with the mosses.
Among these were Weinmannia guyanensis, Kl. [327],
Marcetia juniperina, D.C. [No. 319], Psychotria
concinna, Oliver N. sp. Baccharis [No. 241], Ledo-
thamnus [No. 308], Befaria [No. 310], Vaccinium [Nos #
329, 326], Pernettya [No. 333 ex parte], and Gaultheria
[No. 332J. The small Epidendrums, as on the ledge,
were here too, as was the tiny mistletoe {Phoradendron
[No. 323], and the fritillary-like Lisianthus [No. 306].

A beautiful Tofieldia (T. Schomburgkiana, Oliver, A^.
sp. [297]) and, somewhat similar, Nietneria corymbosa,
[298], with large yellow flowers were conspicuous.

In the crevices of the rocks the vegetation was
different. There was a very beautiful Utricularia (U.
montana, Jacq. aff. [No. 293],) larger and deeper in
colour, but slightly less graceful than U. Campbellianum.
And there were three species of ferns. One of these
latter was a very stunted form of Lindsay a stri6la>
Dry., [No. 301], which in its ordinary form is common
in many parts of Guiana. The other two were absolutely
new — one a Hymenophyllum which Mr. Baker has
named H. dejeClum^ Baker, N. sp. [No. 318], the other a
Gymnogramme, G. cyclophylla^ Baker, N. sp. [No. 295]
a second species of the same group of this genus to
which belongs G. elaphoglossoides y Baker, A^. sp* [No.
101,215], found on the lower slopes of Roraima. Only
one other species of this very distinft group is known,
and has been found in the Amazon valley.


Digitized by


l86 TlMEHRI.

I have now briefly noticed the most striking plants
with which we met on Roraima ; but before closing this
paper, there are one or two points which I wish finally to
set down in order.

First as to Brocchinia cordylinoides^ Baker. This is
only known to occur on the Kaieteur savannah and on
Roraima, but in the latter place apparently only above
a height of 5500 feet. There is, too, a remarkable diff-
erence of vigour in the habit of the plant at these two
places respe&ively. After seeing a large number of
individuals of the plant at both places it is obvious that
at the Kaieteur it attains a much greater size and forms
a much taller stem ; and, if I may judge from the com-
parative abundance or scarcity of flower stalks it seems
to flower much more freely at the Kaieteur than on
Roraima. A possible explanation of some of these fafts
seems to be that the plant belongs to the kind of position
and the circumstances that it finds on Roraima ; that the
most important of these circumstances of its existence
is an atmosphere like that of Roraima or the Kaieteur,
so supersaturated with damp as to eflteft the constant
replenishment of the large quantity of water retained in
the leaf-axils of the plant ; and that the plant, having
found its way to the Kaieteur, which though n'juch below
the proper sea-level is atmospherically so peculiarly
suited for it that it has taken root there, and in its new
surroundings of higher temperature has developed & new
vigour. Lastly, as regards this plant, I cannot refrain
from once more alluding to its possible, even pro-
bable, distribution in the other widely scattered distin6^
areas already enumerated.

Closelv connected with the Brocchinia is Utricularia \

Digitized by


Notes on Plants at Roraima. 187

Humboldtii. Like the Brocchinia this plant grows both at
the Kaieteur and on Roraima ; but at the former station
it apparently always grows floating in the water retained
in the leaf-axils of the Brocchinia, while on Roraima it
grows abundantly with its roots in the ground and only
very rarely in the close association with the Brocchinia.
The Roraima plant is, moreover, far more beautiful — its
flowers are of a far more intense colour — than is the
Kaieteur plant. This latter circumstance is possibly
greatly due to the greater vigour which the plant obtains
when its roots are in the ground. I have already al-
luded to the occurrence of a very similar Utricularia
on the Organ Mountains associated with a huge brome-
liad just as it is at the Kaieteur with the Brocchinia.

Next, the two other large-flowered species of Utricu-
laria from Roraima claim notice. U. Campbellianum
has already been described. It occurs abundantly, but
apparently only on the forest slope and for some distance
from this up the cliff. It is new to science. The other
species U. montanae Jacq. off. [No. 293] appears to
occur only in crevices in the rocks on the summit. It is
not new to science, having been previously recorded from
Guiana, several of the West India islands, and other
parts of Tropical America. The two species though
somewhat alike in general charafter, are, at a second
glance, evidently very distinft. U. Campbellianum is
altogether a more delicate plant, its leaves are much
smaller, rounder, and its stems are shorter ; its bladders
are disc-shaped. The other species U. montanae Jacq.
aff. is altogether a stouter plant with longer-stalked,
strap-shaped leaves, and with spindle-shaped bladders.

To one other set of plants I should here like to call
AA 2

Digitized by


1 88 TlMEHRI.

attention. These are represented from among the
plants collefted during the Roraima expedition by two
species of Epidendrum (E. Schomburgkii, Lindley [No.
13] and E. elongatum, Jacq. [No. 427]). These seem
to me to be forms, from the bare, rocky ground of the
interior of the country, which correspond more or less
closely with three, (in a fresh state evidently very dis-
tinct,) forms, dried herbarium specimens of which have
all been classed under the one name of E. imatophyllum }
and all of which occur on trees near the coast. Of these
coast forms, the most distinft is a small almost constantly
bifloral form which occurs on trees overhanging the
brackish water at the estuaries of the rivers ; another,
occurring on trees slightly higher up the rivers, is in
general facies and colour very similar to the typical
E. Schomburgkii ; and the third, occurring in similar
positions, but more sparingly, more nearly approaches in
facies E. elongatum, but is constantly of a peculiar scar-
let colour. The two last mentioned forms, unlike any
of the other, are invariably associated with ants, either
because these creatures prefer to make their nests in the
roots of the plants, or because the seeds of the plants
find their most suitable nidus, and germinate, in the ants'

Digitized by


Notes on Plants at Roraima. r8g

Lilt a&d Dticriptioa of Pluts.

242. Drimys granatensis, Mutis. Ledge.

40. Guatteria. In the absence of fruit may be referred to G.
Ouregou, Dun. Arapoo R.

258. Heliamphora nutans, Benth. 5,400 ft. and Top.

96, 151. Sauvagesia erecta, L. forma. 5»400 ft.

309. Leitgebia ixnThurniana, Oliv. sp. nov.— Floribus distincte
pedicellatis, coronae squamulis oblongo-spathulatis antheris
aequilongis v. longioribus, Roraima : ledge and summit.
E. F. im Tkum. Caulis plus minus ramosus pennae
corvinae crassitie. Folia imbricata coriacea oblanceolata
acutiuscula, apicem versus utrinque 2-3 crenato-denticulata,
glabra, oblique nervosa i poll, longa: stipulae scariosae
fimbriate. Flores ad apices ramulorum, £-f poll, diam.,
pedicello i poll, longo 2-3 bracteolato, bracteolis anguste
linearibus stipulatis, stipulis lineari-subulatis longe ciliatis.
Sepala lineari-lanceolata acuta rigidiuscula i poll, longa.
Petala obovata integra £ poll, longa. Corona basi fila-
mentis coalita, squamulis 5 obtusis coloratis. Ovarium
glabrum in stylum attenuatum.

Allied to L. guianensis, Eichl., but much more slender,
with the flowers distinctly pedicellate, and the coronal
squamae equal to or overtopping the anthers.

26. Polygala hygrophila, H. B. K. Arapoo R.

97. „ longioaulis, H. B. K. 5400 ft.

252. „ an P. variabilis, H. B. K. var ? „

79. Qualea Schomburgkiana, WarmP By Teroota.
337, Koronobea intermedia, Engl. sp. nov.— Ramulorum inter-
nodiis brevibus foliis crassis valde coriaceis concoloribus
obovato-oblongis, in petiolum brevem canaliculatum an.
gustatis, nervis lateralibus numerosis patentibus subtus
paullum prominulis ; floribus breviter pedicellatis sepalis 5
suborbicularibus cinerascentibus ; petalis quam sepala arc
sezico longioribus, staminum phalangibus 5.andris, superne
tantum leviter spiraliter tortis petala fere sequantibus;
ovario oblongo ovoideo in stylum duplo breviorem stigmate
5-fido coronatum attenuate Roraima: E, F. im Thurn.

Digitized by



Omnino intermedia inter Moronobeam ripariam et Mo-
ronobeam Jenmani, a priori non nisi foliis paullo majori-
bus et nervis minus prominulis, ab altera floribus duplos
minoribus, ab utraque phalangibus androecii minus torti
diversa. Engler.

72. Marcgravia coriacea, V. ? vel umbellata L. (imperfect) Near

House 5400 ft.
11. Bonnetia sessilis Bth. Between Ireng and Cotinga R. label
misplaced or missing B. paniculata, Spr. ?

330. Bonnetia Roraim®, Oli v. sp. nov.— Foliis coriaceis parvis
oblanceolatis v. obovato-oblongis obtusiusculis apicem ver-
sus obscure denticulatis eveniis brevissime crassiuscule
petiolatis, floribus ad apices ramulorum sessilibus bracteatis,
sepalis late ellipticis obtusis breviter apiculatis ciliolatis,
petalis calyce longioribus cuneatoobovatis truncatis v. leviter
emarginatis, filamentis apetalis liberis brevibus, basi in
phalangibus 5 coalitis, antheris obovata-turbinatis emargi-
natis, ovario in stylum crassiusculum apice 3-fidum angus-
tato. Summit of Roraima \E. F. im Thurn. Folia con-
ferta imbricata 4-7 lin. longa. Flores &-& poll. diam.

A very distinct species of which our material is rather
8. Mahurea exstipulata, Bth Aroie Creek.

288. Ternstrcemiacea P (Inadequate) Path to upper Savannah*
22. Sida linifolia. Cav. Arapoo R. «

130. Byrsonima crassifolia, H.B.K. var. ? nr. House.

136. Tetrapterys ? (no fruit) nr. House.

255. Tetrapterys rhodopteron, Oliv. sp. nov.— Ramulis appresse
sericeis, foliis petiolatis obovata-v. oblanceolato-ellipticis
breviter apiculatis basi cuneatis utrinque tomentello-pubes-
centibus supra glabrescentibus, racemis folio brevioribus
sericeis, bra&eis brevissimis ovatis brafteolatis medio pedi-
celli insertis obovatis v. late ellipticis bra<5lea majoribus,
calyce 10-glanduloso sericeo, samarae alis lateralibus a basi
divaricatis coriaceis nervosis glabris rubescentibus obtusis
integris v. interdum inaequaliter dentatis. Roraima : E. F.
im Thurn.

Folia 2±-3 poll, longa, i^-i^ poll, lata ; petiolus J-J poll.

Digitized by


Notes on Plants at Roraima. 191

longus. Bra&eolae geminatae ^-i poll, longse. Samara
alts longioribus J poll, longis.
21 1. Bevenia ruellioidee, Oliv. sp. nov. — Ramulis appresse pube-
scentibus foliis unifoliolatis petiolatis ovalibus utrinque at-
tenuatis v. basi obtusis apice obtusiusculis nervo medio
utrinque cum petiolo appresse pubescente, pedunculis in ax-
illis superioribus 2 vel I floribus, sepalis 2 exterioribus major,
ibus ovatis v. oblongo-ovatis, petalis longe coalitis, tubo
corolla: calyce 4-5 plo longiore leviter curvato, lobis ovatis
lanceolatisve, antheris 2 fertilibus basi appendiculatis.
Roraima, Upper Slope : E. F. im Thurn.

Folia 1 £-2} poll, longa, 5. 12 lin. lata ; nervis subtus obliquis
prominulis : petiolo 2-3 lin longo. Flores 1-1J poll, longi;
corolla sericea. Calyx sepalis exterioribus -J-J poll, longis.
Antherse appendicibus brevibus reflexis obtusis obovatis v.

Closely simulating some Acanthacea, with its op-
posite simple (unifoliolate) leaves and long curved corolla-
tube sheathed at the base by the unequal sepals. The
reflexed somewhat fleshy appendage at the base of the perfect
anthers, has not I believe been observed in the two other
described species of the genus.

15. Fruiting specimen leafless of a Poecilandra? and flowering
specimen of Gomphia guyanensis (Ouratea, Aubl) ?
Arapoo R.

75. Ilex Macoucoua, Pers, forma? 3»5<x> ft.

107,331. Ilex retusa, Kl. 5,400 ft. and Ledge.

35, Cyrilla antillana, Michx. Arapoo R.

334. „ „ var. brevifolia. Top.

21. Rhynchosia Schomburgkii, Bth. Arapoo R.

67. Swartzia, sp. nov. 5,000 ft.

73. Dipteryx reticulata, Bth. ? (Type is too imperfeft to be quite
sure). Kookenaam R.

71. Cassia Roraimae, Bth. Arapoo R.

39. Dimorphandra macrostachya Bth. Arapoo Valley.

106. Rubus guyanensis, Focke (ex descr.) u R. Schomburgku, Kl. n
base of cliff.
244,321. Weinmannia glabra, L.f. var|? near W. humilis, Engl, but
with larger pedicels. Ledge and Top.

Digitized by


1^2 TlMEHRl.

327. Wcinmannia guianensis, Kl. Top.

313. Drosera communis, A. St. Hil. var ? Top.

324. Xyrtus stenophylla, OH v. sp. nov.—Ramosissima, ramulis
ultirais gracilibus papilloso-scabridis, foliis patenti-recurvis
anguste ovalibus v. lineari«oblongis acutiusculis basi in
petiolum angustatis glabris, pedunculis folio brevioribus
unifloris axillaribus recurvis apice bibracteolatis, bracteolis
linearibus calycis tubo obovoideo obsolete puberulo longi-
oribus, lobis calycis oblongo-lanceolatis obtusiusculis tubo
subaequalibus petalis dimidio brevioribus, ovario 3-loculare,
ovula in loculis plurima, bacca subglobosa, seminibus
reniformibus. Fall on ledge of Roraima, 7,500 ft. E. F.
im Thurn* Folia circ. i poll, longa, f-f lin lata;
petiolus, lin. longus.

189. Kyrtua, sp. nov. aff. M. myricoidi, H.B.K. Top and upper

74. Myrcia (Aulomyrcia) Boraima, Oliv. sp. nov.— Ramulis
teretibus pilosulo-puberulis glabrescentibus cineraceis, foliis
pallidis obovato-ellipticis v. late oblanceolatis obtusis basi
cuneatis subtus in nervo obsolete pilosulo, suprademum ni-
tentibus, paniculis pedunculatis axillaribus et subterminali-
bus, pedunculis pauce pilosulis folio brevioribus v. subaequi-
longis, floribus breviter pedicellatis, pedicellis pubescentibus
calycis tubo turbinate glabro ssepius brevioribus, lobis caly
cinis brevibus late rotundatis. Roraima 3,500 ft. E. F. im

Folia i-ii poll, longa, i-f poll, longa, vernatione supra
parce pilosula ; petiolus i£-2 lin. longus. Paniculs cymosae
ii-2 poll, longae.

82. Myrcia aff. M. Kegelianse, Berg. 3500 ft.

68. Marcetia taxifolia, D. C. (Tr.) an M. cordigera, D. C.P folia

ovato basi cordata marginibus late recurvis. — 5,400 ft.
174. Meissneria microlicioides, Ndn. M. cordifolia, Bth. Siphan-

thera (Cogn)— 5400 ft.
239. Hiorolioia bryanthoides, Oliv. sp. nov.— Fruticulosa, ut
videtur fastigiatim ramosa glabra, ramulis ultimis foliiferis
acuto tetragonis internodiis folio 3.6 plo. brevioribus, foliis
paucis lineari-vel oblongoovalibus obtusiusculis brevissime

Digitized by


Notes on Plants at Roraima. 193

petiolatis, floribus solitariis breviter pedicellatis ad apices
ramulorum 5-meris, lobis calycinis ovato-lanceolatis tubo
fere sequilongis persistentibus, antheris majoribus conne&ivo
produ&o subaequilongis. Roraima; Ledge 6,500 feet E.
F. im Thurn, Folia \-i poll, longa, -& poll lata. Flores
£-$ poll diam. Capsula calyce persistente vestita £ poll
longa, lobis calycis (temp, fruct.) ereftis deltoideo-subu
latis rigidis.
59. Pterolepis lasiophylla, Tr. (but scarcely Pterolepis P)
20. Pleroma Tibouchinum. Tr. (Tibouchina aspera, Aubl.) Ara.

poo R.
319. Marcetia juniperina, D. C. Top.

89. Centronia crassiramis, Tr. 5*750 feet.

305,216. Monochaetum Bonplandii? Ndn. Upper slope and top.

277. (Facies Miconiae pauperulae, Ndn. ?) Oxymeris ? aff. Ogland-
uliferae, Tr. Path to Upper Savannah. Closely resembles the
. . . above Miconia ; but our specimen is not good.

256. Miconia Fothergilla, Ndn. House.

223. „ sp. (inadequate) Path.

30, 70. „ decussata, Don. Arapoo R.

222. Meriania ? aff. M. sclerophyllae Tr (imperfect). Forest slope
6,000 feet.
2. Cuphea gracilis, H. B. K. var. media.
4. Passiflora foetida, L. var Konkarmo.

84. Passiflora, sp. E. sect. Murucuja (ut videtur). Kooke-
naam. R.

Folia petiolata, petiolis pollicaribus apice utroque latere
glandula majuscula circulari praeditis, laminis 4^-5 poll,
long. 2\ poll. lat. glabris subtus glaucescentibus subcoria-
ceis late ovato-oblongis acutis basi rotundatis, raro arcua-
tim nervosis. Pedunculi . . . foliis subsequilongi apice
racemosi .... Alabastra cylindrato-oblonga acuti-
uscula. Floris tubus elongatus obconicus, sepala petalaque
ut videtur brevia oblonga obtusa vei rot un data. Corona
faucialis e ligulis petaloideis brevibus constans, gynandro-

phorum gracile

no. Passiflora sp. E. sectione Astrophea ? Fruticosa cirrosa.
Folia breve-petiolata petiolis sub \ poll, long, laminis
zJf poll, long, ij poll. lat. coriaceis glabris raro arcuatim

Digitized by




. venosis oblongis basi apiceque rotundatis . . . . Cirri
simplices . . . Bracteae .... Alabastra oblongai
obtusa. Floris tubus brevis tubulato-campanulatus bas
haud intrusus, Sepala 5-6 lin. long, oblonga obtusa navi-
cularia extus tomentosa intus maculis linearibus pur pure is,
verrucisque albidis notatis. Petala sepalis conforma parum
breviora tenuiora membranacea, albida maculis purpureis
minimis crebris obsita. Corona faucialis biserialis ; series
extima e ligulis petalis aequilongis petaloideis, purpureo-
maculatis dolabri-f omnibus, apice obliquis et in acumen
longiusculum tortum prolatis ; series intima e folis numero-
sis procedentibus dimideo brevibus, capitatellis. Corona
mediana e tubo versus medium assurgens basi membra-
nacea, apice in fila brevia divisa. Corona infra mediana
e tubo versus basin emergens annularis, sub carnosa mar.
gine deflexa. Tubi facies interna, inter coronas, processi-
ons parvis membranaceis ut videtur dense obsessa. . . .
. . . Gynandrophorum basi ut videtur quinquangulum,
angulis anguste alatis, supra medium tumidum ibique
puberulum. Antherae oblongae obtusae flavidae. Ovarium
ut videtur oblongum angulatum longitudinaliter costatum
puberulum. Stigmata majiuscula reniformia. Our House.

141. Begonia tovarensis, Kl. var ? fru&ibus breviter alatis. House.

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