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honour of ele&ion as an Honorary Member.

Letters were read from Mr. Hawtayne of 14th and
20th August and 13th Sept., referring to various matters



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6t ifctfetest kl do*n«€Mon With the G&tnfi €sMMts tf
BfugS, Fibres arid Woods at the Irid^GoIbhikl Ex&ifcftiifi,
aftd fetWattHng a pape* descriptive of the ftt&fe&ttg
ttfcde ifi w Kapok" (h^ fibre of the Silk Ctftotf ftet, tibw
being ttsed extensively for uphoiatetfjr Wdfk*

An offer, conveyed tbrdugh the Colonial Office?, Of
Valuable Wofks by the late Lord Vefhoft^-thS tt teferntf
of Daitte" ind the " Prime Quatttd EdttidW d*N±
" Divide Cohii&edia"— to be presented by the t)d**g«r
Lady Vetnon to certain public libraries on certain fcoridi-
tiohs, waa accepted, With thanks to His E*cdlency the
Governor iehr hamihg the Society as a recipient.

the Sdciety's thanks were acceded for Coriatoerchrf
Reports, reports 6n the Cyprus Locust War, repotfbi b»
Agricultural experiments on Sugai" growing iti British
Burmah and Barbados, forwarded through the Govern-
ment Secretary's Office.

A letter W4s Wad from the Secretary of the Anthropo-
logical Society of Vienna, thanking the Society tat
Tintehri, and asking for some missing back numbers of
that publication. The Secretary was directed to forward
the numbers referred to if procurable.

The meeting then closed.



Meeting held ttth November.— TAt. H. Kirke, Vice-
President in the chair.

There were 20 other members present.
Eleftion.— Associate : H. T. Williams.
Before confirmation of minutes, the Chairnian tead 4.
letter from Mr. John Minty of Pin. Uitvtugt, enclosing
minutes of a meeting of members held ori {he West C<&&



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Report of SogffiTV's Meetings. $f i



pji tftb $%$>&> fialMPg «* WS&m 4m fotoes* ^nd

^bsc^ptwns as ftgttd? cwptry inep^s,

The Revd. J. Fpraiwn fclsQ spofce to fte 3*31$ f ffflQb |ntf
Mf . G&jFflett fcavipg **pWp# 4 &** hfc erigifwl WttiQft ***
been amended, tJbeCWnwp n^t^it was qijite i* erdsr,

T^e §eq(«tia«y *iHwm&c$d t|fa$ rgfigwtfiftti ofMr, Jm
Thurn as. j*$tar of Timtkri \ #k0 tte f stagnation fey M*.
Godfrey of hi* office as director and of Mr. Rusaetl as
President a*d also aa a member of the Society, In his
if Iter jthf President said >rrr

" The unfavourable stri&ures made agaiast the aftka
of the Diroftors, and the warm way in which they were
accepted by the very large meeting, was felt very keenly
by m*n-he«ce the few words I expressed in defence, and
how ready we would be to hand over our batons of office
to the new brooms who were held tfp to work wonders
by means of new blood* I had intended tp remain put
my term ol offae ijs President, wd tb$ft qutetiy re*N,
at same time scrafcehiag my name as a member,

M My connexion with the Society from first to last
was purely ia the interests of agriculture, and I neve*
made use of the library in any shape ; and now that I
feel that agriculture with our good intentions of pvaQical
tests in laboratory experiments are things of the past, I
eease to have any further interest in the Society.

" The resignation of Mr. im Thurn and my b^tey
Dire&qr, Mr. Godfrey, makes me feel that with my many
engagements in this busy season it will be more conveni-
ent for the Society to at once fill the President's chair.
So please intiniate my resignatipn as Prudent *nd my
withdrawal from membership. 1 '



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312 TlMBHRI.



The Secretary said there had been no meeting of
directors since these designations had been sent in, and
therefore by direction of the Vice President he had
brought them before the General Meeting.

Mr. Darnell Davis thought Mr. Russell, who had spent
his money and his valuable time freely upon the Society,
deserved complimentary recognition of his services, and
-suggested his election as ad Honorary member.

Mr. Foreman and Archdeacon Austin suggested that
Mr. Russell be asked first to reconsider his decision.

On the Chairman's suggestion the matter was left to
be dealt with by the directors.

The following notices of motion were given : —

By Archdeacon Austin : —

That the Directors of the Royal Agricultural and Commercial Society
be requested to take steps to have the rooms opened on each evening of
the week, except Sunday, between the hours of 7 p.m. and io p.m.

By Mr. Darnell Davis : —

To move at the next general meeting, for the names of any members
of the Book Committee who have not attended a single meeting of that
Committee from their first appointment to the present time.

On the suggestion of the Secretary this notice was
subsequently altered to extend over a period of two
years only.

By Revd. J. Foreman : —

To amend bye-law No. 2 in chapter v. on page ix. by erasing the words
" sixteen " in the second line, and " twelve " in the sixth line, and by in-
serting M ten " in the place of the former, and " eight " in the place of
the latter word.

2. To amend bye-law No. 4 of the same chapter by erasing the word
" eight * in the second line, and by inserting the word " five n in its
place.

3. To amend bye-law No. 15, chapter v, page x, by striking out the
word * three •' in the fourth line and instead thereof to insert the word
"two."



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Report of Society's Meetings. 3*3

By Mr. DarneH Davis :< —

To move at the next general meeting, that the subscriptions of mem*
bers and associates shall, from ist. of January, 1867, b* payable quar-
terly in advance, and that the respective Bye- Laws be altered accord.
i«gly.

By Mr. J. Minty :—

1. That of the balance in hand of the funds of the R. A. and C. Society
at the end of the present year 1886, the sum of three thousand dollars
($3,ooo) be reserved for the purposes described in chap, xiv, Premium?,
(page xvii) of the bye-laws and rules of the R. A. and C. Society, and
that the Directors be requested to devote their attention thereto early in
the ensuing year, 1887.

2. To erase sec. 1 1 page 20 of the bye-laws of the R. A. and C«
Society.

By Mr. C. H. G. Legge :—

1. That the bye-laws and rules of the Society restricting " associates 1 *
to certain classes and to persons whose income does not exceed ^300
per annum be rescinded and that the byelaws and rules relating thereto
be altered accordingly.

2. That the ordinary members of the Society should have tee privilag*
of taking out a larger number of volumes of books than now allowed*
ttiat the distinction between '• ordinary members" and " associates' 9
should be that " associates" will only be entitled to the use of the Libra-
ry and Reading Room, and that the byelaws and rules .relating thereto
respectively be altered accordingly.

Mr. N. D. Davis called atteatioo to the tacoovetieace
of the present hour of meeting, but the chairman ex-
plained that the early hour was arranged for the conveni-
ence of country members, in which view those present
concurred.

Letters from Mr Walker, Resident Dire&or, London,
were read, one of them referring to the proposed Impe-
rial Institute and to Ridgway & Co's bankrupt estate*
Regarding the latter Mr. Walker wrote :—

I have to report for the information of the Directors that it Goose*
quence of receiving the accompanying circular from Mr. Loweii Frice,

RR



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314 TlMEHRI.

the Trustee in Ridgways' bankruptcy, I attended the meeting of credit-
on held yesterday at the Guild Hall Tavern, but as I was unable to remain
to the close of the proceedings, I am unable to state what the de-
cision may have been. General Kay, however, on the part of the
Committee of Inspection, made statements seriously impugning the con-
duit of the Trustee, and I can hardly doubt that his resignation would
be accepted. 1 shall, of course, forward any further information which
may reach me. Meanwhile I regret to be obliged to add that nothing
transpired to warrant any sanguine anticipations of a satisfactory result
to the winding-up of the estate. I may mention, amongst other state-
ments made by General Kay, that the Solicitor to the Trustees' taxed
bills of costs amounted to close upon £2floo and that the Board of Trade
has sanctioned a review thereof ; and that Colonel Ridgway and his
family had been allowed to continue in possession of the Devonshire
estate called Shopley Court, with the use of carriages, horses, servants,
and grounds until a comparatively recent period.

Letters from Mr. Hawtayne, C.M.G. Commissioner at
the Indo-Colonial Exhibition, giving information re-
garding the breeding of silkworms, Tobacco culture, ex-
change of Museum specimens with kindred institutions
&c, were laid over. The papers relating to the minor
industry were on the suggestion of the Secretary re-
ferred to the Agricultural Committee, and the thanks of
the Society were direfted to be conveyed to Mr. Haw-
tayne for his communications.

Regarding the possibility of introducing silk culture
as a minor industry into this colony, Mr. Hawtayne wrote
as follows under date of 24th Sept : —

•• Mr. Wardle, Honorary Superintendent of the India Silk Culture
Court, is taking great pains to extend the 'culture of silk worms and
strongly recommends that the subject should be brought under the
notice of the Royal Agricultural and Commercial Society because he
believes that silk could be produced in British Guiana, and because it is
an employment, a small industry, which can be undertaken by small
capitalists and land owners.

The entomological specimens exhibited in our Court are not nume-



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Report of Society's Meetings. 315

rous, and are not accompanied by drawings and descriptions of
the pupae and larvae of the several moths and their respective
food plants, but I have no doubt that a collection of moths and
cocoons with the plants on which the larvae feed could be readily
obtained with the assistance of Mr. Quelch and the Revd. Mr.
Harper, and such a collection Mr. Wardle has kindly offered to
examine and report upon.

One British Guiana moth (of which I send a specimen) was stated by
Mr. Wardle to be a silk worm moth and it would be advisable to procure
its cocoon and larvae (the latter in spirit) and its food plant and send fo
Mr. Wardle.

Many of the plants which in India support the silk worm are to be
found in British Guiana.

If the indigenous silkworms are found to be from any cause unde-
sirable subje6ls for culture, it would be by no means difficult to import
eggs from France, Italy, Japan, and China as is done in India.

Owing to an improved method of winding, silk has increased in value
and there is a growing demand for it, indeed this afternoon as I accom-
panied Mr. Wardle round his court a large silk spinner came up and
gave an order for 1,000 lbs. of one kind. The machine for winding is
simple and inexpensive. I send herewith for presentation from me to
our library two books on Indian Sil* culture and the wild silks of India,
and I shall be glad if the subject recommends itself to the attention of
the Society, and if so, I would suggest that a committee might be
appointed to collect materials and information which might be submitted
to Mr. Wardle as before mentioned. Mr. Quelch and the Rev. Mr.
Harper with any other entomologists resident in the colony might be
asked to search for silkworm moths &c. and Mr. Jenman would no
doubt supply information as to the plants to be found in the colony
which are the same as, or similar to, the food plants mentioned in the
hand books. Terminalia Catalpa — Ricinus Communis Lagerstrocemia—
are more or less common in the colony and as the mulberry grows
readily in the West Indies it may possibly succeed with us.
Even if silkworm culture should not become a recognized industry, it
may well become a profitable employment— amusement, hobby if you
like, to those who require and would appreciate an interesting occupa.
tion.

Mr. Wardles address is Thomas Wardle Esq., F.C.S., F.G.S., Leek,
Staffordshire."

RR 2



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316 TlAfCHftL

The Secretary stated that the books and specimens
referred to by Mr. Hawtayne, had not yet come to hand.

The Chairman reminded members that the meeting
next month would be the annual one at which office
bearers and committees were selected and he hoped there
would be a large attendance of members prepared with
nominations for the various offices.

The thanks of the Society were accorded to Mr.
Fresson and to Colonel Figyelmesey for their contribu-
tions of u A Voice from the Woods " and an illustrated
catalogue of sugar machinery manufactured in the Uni-
ted States.

The meeting then terminated.



Meeting held pth December. — Mr. H. Kirke, Vice-
President in the chair.
Ele&ioas. — Ordinary Member : R. O. Sherrington.

Associates : F. Curtis and F. W: Hopkinson.

The name of Mr. Thomas Woodman, of pin. Mon
Repos, was also submitted ; but in consequence of
irregularity in the seconding, this ele&ion was postponed.

The Chairman stated that the Direttors bad, in accor-
dance with the wish expressed at the last meeting,
communicated with the Hon. Wm. Russell, and Mr. \m
Thuro, requesting them to withdraw their resignations,
but both gentlemen had declined to do so ; the former
also declined to allow himself to be nominated for
ele&ion as an honorary member of the Society.

Archdeacon Austin then moved the resolution of which
he had given notice, that the reading room be open on



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Report of Society's Meetings. 317

■ - - 1 a . ■ - — ~ — —

m

each evening of the week, except Sunday, between the
hoars of 7 and 10. Mr. N. Darnell Davis seconded the
motion, which was supported by Mr. Drysdale, the Rev
J. Foreman, Mr. Legge and Mr.' Daly. The latter, how-
ever, suggested that at first, and until it should be seen
whether the experiment would answer, the rooms should
be open on only three evenings per week ; but Mr. Winter
having pointed out the inconvenience likely to arise from
intermittent opening, the suggestion was not favourably
received. At the close of the discussion Mr. Davis said
k had been suggested to him that to close the rooms
at six o'clock and reopen them at seven would be both
useless and inconvenient, snd on the recommendation of
the Chairman the resolution was altered so as to read
" that the rooms remain open until 10 p.m. on every
week day." Mr. Hutchens objected to the exception of
Sunday. The rooms were now open from 7 a.m. to 4
p<m., on Sundays, and he saw no reason why the mem-
bers of the Society should be debarred from the enjoy-
ment on Sunday evenings of the beauties of literature
and the treasures of art with which the rooms were
stored ; but the recommendation was not supported.
The Archdeacon's resolution, as amended, was finally
carried, there being only two dissentients. It was under-
stood that the resolution was to be regarded merely as a
recommendation to the Directors. — The three resolutions
of which the Revd. Mr. Foreman had given notice, the
effeft of which will be td reduce the annual subscriptions
of country members to $8, of associates (in town and
country alike) to $5, and of naval and military officers
to $2 per quarter, were duly moved by the revd. gentle-
man -(the first two being seconded by Mr. Minty, and the



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318 TlMEHRI.



third by Archdeacon Austin) and carried. — Mr. Davis
brought forward the resolution of which he had given
notice, that all subscriptions be payable quarterly in ad-
vance, and it was seconded by Mr. Younger ; but, after
discussion, it was rejefted by a large majority. — Mr.
Minty then moved the resolution of which he had given
notice, that of the balance of the funds of the Society at
the end of 1886, $3,000 be set aside for the purposes
described in ch. xiv. of the by-laws and rules of the
Society, which relates to premiums for agricultural im-
provements. It was, he said, intended simply as a sug-
gestion to the Direftors. Mr. Bellairs seconded the
motion. The Rev. Mr. Foreman explained that the pro-
position had arisen out of a conversation among a number
of members of the Society respetting a recent remark of
the Hon. Mr. Russell to the effeft that the Society ought
no longer to be called an Agricultural Society, inasmuch
as it had done nothing to promote agriculture. Captain
Duncan said it would be unsafe to set aside such a sum
as $3,000 for any particular purpose without first knowing
the aftual financial position of the Society at the end of
the year, as possibly the funds might not be able to
afford it. The Secretary (Mr. Luke M. Hill) having
pointed out that the Dire&ors had already committed
themselves to certain expenditure in conneftion with
the re-classification of the library, publication of a
new catalogue, renewal of pavements, &c, which
together would cost a considerable sum, suggested
that " a sum of money" should be substituted for
a fixed sum of $3,000. Mr. Minty having agreed,
the resolution, so amended, was carried. — So also
was the further resolution of which Mr. Minty had



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Report of Society's Meetings. 319

given notice, the effeCt of which will be to place coun-
try members on more even terms with town members in
the procurement of books from the library by doing away
with prior engagements. The resolution of which Mr.
Legge had given notice — that the bye-law restricting asso-
ciates to persons whose income does not exceed £300 per
ann. be rescinded, having been seconded by Archdeacon
Austin, was discussed at some length, being supported by
Messrs Colbeck and Davis, and opposed by Rev. J.
Foreman and Mr. Bellairs, but decision upon it and Mr.
Legge's other motion was postponed until the next meet-
ing, when the possible effeCt of their adoption on the
income of the Society may be more approximately
estimated.

The eleClion of officers and committees for the ensuing
year was then proceeded with.

On the motion of Mr. D. C. Cameron, seconded
by Archdeacon Austin, Mr. Henry Kirke, M. A., was
unanimously elefted President. In returning thanks
for the compliment, Mr. Kirke said he felt it the more
because he had lately expressed opinions contrary to those
of the majority of the members of the Society ; but he
had done so honestly, believing that what was proposed
would not be advantageous to the Society. Now, how-
ever, that the resolution had been adopted, he should bow
to the decision of the majority and loyally endeavour to
do his best to promote the interests of the Society. Mr.
P. H. Nind was elected Vice President being proposed
by Mr. Daly and seconded by Mr. Drysdale. Messrs. B. H.
Jones, R. J. Kelly, G. H. Hawtayne, C.M.G.; R. P.
Drysdale, S. M. Bellairs and Alex. Duncan, Ordinary
Directors ; Messrs. J. S. Hill, M. Garnett, and D. C.



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3*9 TlMSHRI,



Cameron , Managing Directors ; Messrs. J. J. Dare, T. H.
Gleonie and A. Weber, Exchange Room Directors,— 1»
relation to the ele&ion of Treasurer, Mr. Daly said he had
received a letter from Mr. Imlach who stated that he did
not wish to be re-ele&ed. He (Mr. Daly) therefore
proposed that Mr. Conyers be elefted Treasurer for the
ensuing year. Mr. N. D. Davis seconded the motion.
Mr. Conyers said he did not think the time had yet come
to eleft another person in place of Mr. Imlach, who had
been connected with the Society ever since its founda-
tion, and had done much to promote its success. Mr.
Imlach had probably written the letter to which reference
had been made, under the influence of irritation, caused
by what he had seen in the newspapers about the lax way
in which the colleftion, or non-colleftion, of subscriptions
had been conducted, and on calm reflection might think
better of it. He was quite willing to continue to aft as
Treasurer until Mr Imlach returned, and if, then, Mr. Im-
lach should persist in declining re-eleftion he would be
prepared to undertake the office. He, therefore, begged
to move as an amendment that Mr. Imlach be re-
elected as Treasurer. Mr. D. C. Cameron seconded the
amendment, which was adopted unanimously. Mr. L. M.
Hill was re-ele6ted Secretary, and Mr. William Walker,
Resident Director in London, a special vote of thanks
for his past services in that capacity being passed. A
similar compliment on the motion of Mr. Davis seconded
by Capt. Duncan was paid to the retiring office-bearers of
the Society. The various Committees for the ensuing
year, of which a complete list will be found at foot were
appointed.

A letter from Mr. Russell, enclosing cuttings from



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Report of Society's Meetings. 321

newspapers and letters received by him from Engineers
in the States, showing that the attention of American
inventors and manufafturers of agricultural implements
and machinery is at length being attrafted to the offer of
a reward of $100,000, made by the Legislature of this
colony some years ago, for implements and machinery
suitable for cane cultivation in the colony ; also a letter
from Mr Ellis (said to have been a sugar planter in Sur-
inam, who claims to have designed suitable ploughs,
reaping, collefting, and traftion machines, and is now in
the colony) were laid over and referred to the Agricul-
tural Committee. At half-past five (having lasted nearly
two-and-a-half hours) the meeting broke up, the business
undisposed of being postponed until the next ordinary
meeting.

The following are the Society 's Office-bearers for
188 J, as finally arranged : —

Patroness :

THE QUEEN.

Vice- Patron :

HIS EXCELLENCY SIR HENRY TURNER IRVING, K.CM.G.,
Governor and Commander-in-Chief, &c, &c, &c.

President :
HENRY KIRKE.

Vice-President :
P. H. NIND.

Managing Directors : *

D. C. CAMERON
M. GARNETT
J. S. HILL.



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322 TlMEHRI.



Ordinary Direftors :

S. M. BELLAIRS
R. P. DRYSDALE
ALEX. DUNCAN
G. H. HAWTAYNE
B. HOWELL JONES
R. J. KELLY.

Exchange Room Direftors :

JOHN J. DARE
THOS. H. GLENNIE
ARTHUR WEBER.

Treasurer :
F. A. CONYERS.

Secretary :
LUKE M. HILL.

Agricultural Committee :

R. J. KELLY, Chairman.
A. BARR, Vice-Chairman.
D. C. CAMERON, Hon. Secretary.



Hon. C. L. BASCOM
S. M. BELLAIRS
Hon. A. BRAUD
B. R. CLARKE
Hon. WM. CRAIGEN
R. P. DRYSDALE
J. M. FLEMING
MEWBURN GARNETT
A. R. GILZEAN



E. C. LUARD
JOHN MINTY
JOS. MONKHOUSE
GIBSON MONRO
MALCOLM MONRO
P. H. NIND

RASH LEIGH PORTER
W. H. SHERLOCK.
HENRY T. STOKES.



Committee of Correspondence :

D. C. CAMERON, Chairman.
R. T. A. DALY. Vice-Chairman
F. A. CONYERS, Treasurer.
J. J. QUELCH, Secretary.



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Report of Society's Meetings.



323



His Hon. N. ATKINSON
G. A. FORSHAW
E. E. H. FRANCIS
WILLIAM FRESSON
M. GARNETT
GEO. GARNETT
B. J. GODFREY
G. H. HAWTAYNE.



J. S. HILL
W. H. HILL
R. W. IMLACH
G. S. JENMAN
R. J. KELLY
GEORGE LITTLE Jr.
F. A. MASON
P. H. NIND



Curator of Museum : J. J. QUELCH.



Book Committee

Dr. F. ANDERSON

His Hon. N. ATKINSON

Ven. Archdn. AUSTIN

B. S. BAYLEY

Rev. Canon CASTELL

R. A. T. DALY

F. E. DAMPIER

N. DARNELL DAVIS

Dr. Alex. FINLAYSON

Rev. J. FOREMAN

Librarian :



G. GARNETT
FERRIS GRANT
G. H. HAWTAYNE
W. H. HILL
R. W. IMLACH
C. H. G. LEGGE
P. H. NIND
J. A. POTBURY
JAS. THOMSON
F. A. R. WINTER

CHARLES CRUMPTON.

Resident Director in London :

WILLIAM WALKER, 48 Hilldrop Road, Tufnell Park, N.

LUKE M. HILL,

Hony. Secretary,



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PAGE.


97


r28


*9


324


54, 274


128


140, 142



INDEX

TO VOLUME 8

OF

TIMEHRI.

A.

Arawaks, Spanish, of Morooka ...

B.
Balata

Belmonte, B. E. C, on Surinam . ...

Bosch Reitz, G. J. A., on de la Borde's History of the Caribs
Browne, Mary. The Hurricane in St. Vincent in 1830

©•

Campbell Memorial

Cattle-farming in Berbice
Contributors.—

Belmonte, B. E. C.

on Surinam ... ... ... ... ... 19

Bosch-Reitz, G. J. A.

on de la Borde's History of the Caribs ... 224

Browne, Mary.

The Hurricane in St. Vincent, 1830 ... ... 54t 274

hn Thurn, E. F.

on Redmen, thoughts of ... ... ... 1

on Roraima, plants of ... ... ... 145

Jenman, G. S.

on Lycopodiacese ... ... ... ... 40

McClintock, W. C. H. F.

Colonial Jottings ... ... ... ... 9 2

Russell, Hon. W.

on Land Titles ... ... ... ... 79

on Rice ... ... ... ... ... 101

W«tt> T.

Agricultural Societies in British Guiana ... 255




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