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The celebration of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the Royal Society of London, July 15-19, 1912 online

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Equitem, M.A., LL.D., qui sollemnibus vestris intersit et omnia vobis bona
fausta felicia precetur.

Dabamus pridie Non. lul. MCMXII.

KEN YON, Pro-Cancellarius.

J. MORTIMER ANGUS, Registrarius.



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 95

ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS

SOCIETATI REGALI COLLEGIUM REGALE MEDICORUM LONDINENSE S. P. D. Ad
sollennia vestra, viri doctissimi, per literas vestras gratissimas nuper vocati,
misimus nos Praesidem nostrum, THOMAM BARLOW, Baronettum, Ordinis
Regii Victoriae Equitem, nostra inter comitia simul ac vestra socium honora-
tissimum, qui studia nostra vobis exprimat, et de natalibus gratuletur.
Maximi certe debentur .Societati Regali honores, quae per ducentos et
quinquaginta annos lampada tradiderit Scientiae, quae tot sibi consociaverit
magistros, a Neutono illo usque ad Carolum Daruinum, necnon multos alios in
re physica, geologica, chemica, physiologica doctissimos, ne dicam Medicos
quosdam illustrissimos, qui inter nostram vestramque Societatem quasi arcta
vincula fuerunt, atque amicitiae signa mutuae et perpetuae. At quanta ante
oculos vestros patent regna ! nihil enim in natura est pro cognitione vestra
nimis vastum, nihil nimis minutum aut arcanum ; quaeritis qua lege labantur
sidera, quibus ignibus ardeant soles, quaenam sit terrarum et rupium aedificatio,
quaenam molecularum et atomorum intima natura, quomodo et quibus ex
primordiis propagentur florum animalium hominumque genera. Talia igitur
contemplantes, et tanto Scientiae amore raptos, non turbat vos popularis aura,
non odium theologicum, non furor politicus ; sufficit enim ipsam Naturam
prospicere, ac divino eius impleri afflatu ; ita ut de vobis illud videatur
cecinisse Vergilius,

felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas.
Valete !

THOMAS BARLOW, Praeses.
J. A. ORMEROD, Registrarlus.

Datum Londini, Kalendis luliis, MCMXII.

ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS

WE, the President, Vice-Presidents, and Council of the ROYAL COLLEGE OF
SURGEONS OF ENGLAND, have the honour to convey to the President, Council,
and Fellows of the Royal Society our cordial congratulations on the occasion
of the celebration of the 250th Anniversary of its foundation. It is gratifying
to us to remember that, among the many illustrious men who have brought
honour to the Society, not the least famous have been members of the medical
profession, and that in three instances the Presidential Chair has been filled
by a Fellow of our College. It is therefore with special interest and pleasure
that we join in doing honour to the Society, and offer to its President and
Fellows our best wishes for the success of their commemoration. In witness
whereof we have caused the Common Seal of the College to be hereunto affixed

this 13th day of June, 1912. T^T/-.^ A XT T /-.rvrvn^ n -j

RICKMAN J. GODLEE, President.



96 THE ROYAL SOCIETY



SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES, LONDON

SOCIETATI REGALI inter omnes Britanniae Societates antiquissimae et
praeclarissimae annum a Societate condita Ducentesimum Quinquagesimum
Celebrant! SOCIETAS ANTIQUARIORUM LONDINENSIS S. P. D. Societati Regali,
inter ipsa scientiarum quae vocantur naturalium incunabula nascenti, mandate
Regis Caroli Secundi sancitum est ut aut novam excuderet philosophiam aut
veterem expoliret : quod propositum quanto cum successu sit consecuta, iam
dudum non patriae modo sed orbi terrarum universe innotuit. Atqui, licet
superfluum sit ut seriem virorum qui et Societatem et nomen Britannicum
illustraverunt recenseamus, eorum saltern qui in utramque sodalitatem, et
vestram et nostram, adsciti fuerint non omittenda est memoria: quorum
e numero Martinus Foulkes uno eodemque tempore utrique Societati praefuit,
Augustus Franks, Johannes Evans, apud vos socii apud nos Praesides illustris-
simi exstiterunt. Neque illud tacendum duximus nostram scilicet Societatem,
quamvis LV annis natu minorem, vestrae et proximum obtinere locum, et
h'rmissimo semperque ut speramus duraturo amicitiae foedere esse devinctam :
quocirca vobis plenum studiorum fructum, felicitatem perpetuam, honoris, si
id fieri potest, incrementum, iterum atque iterum libentissimis animis exopta-
mus. Delegavimus hodie Praesidem nostrum, CAROLUM HERCULEM READ,
militem eundemque Legum Doctorem qui congratulationes nostras vobis unus
pro omnibus afferat.

Dabarmis Londini ex aedibus nostris, KaL lul. anno Domini MDCCCCXIL

C. H. READ, Praeses.



BRITISH ACADEMY, LONDON

THE PRESIDENT, COUNCIL, AND FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON.
We, the President, late Presidents, Council, and Fellows of the BRITISH
ACADEMY, desire to offer to the President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal
Society our cordial congratulations on the completion of the two hundred and
fiftieth year of its illustrious career. On this memorable occasion we approach
you with feelings of special attachment and confidence, inasmuch as our
Academy was, at a still recent date, founded with the co-operation and good-
will of your august Society, and we take pride in the thought that we may
almost regard our own Body as the offshoot of an historic Institution which
has flourished through so long a period of the national life. The Royal
Society had its beginnings in troublous times, when the proud legend
inscribed on the Society's seal found in very deed a wide application ; but at
no time has it been other than true to the high and arduous ends to which its
labours have from the first been devoted, or ceased from the pursuit and



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 97

service of Truth. One of the earliest of the Associations founded in any
European country 'for promoting Natural Knowledge', it has extended its
investigations, so as to comprehend all the Physical as well as Mathematical
Sciences, and the roll of its Presidents, Secretaries, and of successive generations
of its Fellows, as well as of its Medallists, covers the entire range of modern
scientific progress. The ' Invisible College ' of the years preceding the Grant
of the Society's first Charter, which it commemorates to-day, has long since
established its leading position among the chief agencies in the advancement of
* Natural Knowledge ' throughout the world. Nor can we forget that the list
of its Officers and Fellows includes many names notable in the annals of British
Letters, and in the history of those Studies which have of late found particular
representation among the members of our own Body. Of the long and varied
labours of the Royal Society a record of monumental completeness is presented
in its Transactions, extending over very nearly the whole of the two hundred
and fifty years of its strenuous existence. To the work thus unintermittently
carried on by the Society has been added its faithful and fruitful administration
of the important trusts committed to it by the Government of the Country,
and through other Benefactions, as well as its wise distribution of the Annual
Grants made to it, and its judicious award of Distinctions marking great
achievements in original Scientific Investigation. All these high and onerous
functions have been performed by the Royal Society in a spirit of self-devotion
and with a fullness of success which entitle it to the grateful acknowledge-
ments of a long series of generations, including the present of which we form
part. With the sincere expression, on the present great occasion, of this
widespread and well-merited recognition, the British Academy, in a spirit of
faithful and grateful homage, desires most cordially to associate itself

(Signed)

A. W. WARD, President of the British Academy.

RE AY ] Late Presidents of the

E. MAUNDE THOMPSON) British Academy.
I. GOLLANCZ, Secretary of the British Academy.

Date of Sealing, June 14,



BRITISH MUSEUM, LONDON

To THE PRESIDENT, COUNCIL, AND FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY. THE
TRUSTEES OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM desire to offer to you their cordial con-
gratulations on the occasion of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of
the foundation of your Society. Few institutions for the advancement of
natural knowledge can claim an existence of equal length ; none can boast
a longer list of services to humanity than that which stands to the credit of



98 THE ROYAL SOCIETY

the Royal Society and its Fellows. A Corporation such as yours, which
includes within its ranks all the most eminent representatives of every branch
of natural knowledge within the British Dominions, which commands the
confidence of the nation and receives the support of the Government, can
direct and co-ordinate effort, can encourage enterprise, can reward achievement,
and thereby can promote the advance and welfare of scientific investigation
with a power altogether outside the reach of individuals or of special societies.
The Royal Society is one of the glories of England and the Empire ; and all
Englishmen are glad to join in celebrating this landmark in its long career of
usefulness. The Trustees of the British Museum feel that they have a special
claim to approach you on this occasion and to share in your rejoicings. The
British Museum owes its origin to a munificent bequest from a Fellow and
President of the Royal Society, Sir Hans Sloane ; and the Act of Incorpora-
tion, by which it was founded in 1753, ordains that among the official
Trustees of the Museum shall always be the President of the Royal Society
for the time being. Thus, throughout its whole existence, the British
Museum has had the advantage of the counsel, and has enjoyed the support,
of every President of your Society ; and not least would the Trustees grate-
fully acknowledge the assistance they have received from the distinguished
man of science who now holds that high and enviable post. The interests of
the British Museum are closely intertwined with the interests of science. The
Museum, in its Library and its Natural History Departments, provides the
materials for a vast amount of scientific research. Much of that research has
been conducted by the officers of the Museum, past and present, many of whom
have received the coveted honour of the Fellowship of your Society. It is,
therefore, with the interest that is born of close association and common
aspirations that the British Museum, in the person of its Trustees, rejoices in
the glorious past of the Royal Society, and wishes it a long and not less
glorious future.

Sealed with the Common Seal of the British Museum, 6 July, 1912.



CHEMICAL SOCIETY, LONDON

THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY TO THE PRESIDENT, COUNCIL, AND FELLOWS OF THE
ROYAL SOCIETY, Greeting. Amongst the many learned bodies represented
here to-day there is certainly none which can wish to offer you more sincere
and heartfelt congratulations than the Chemical Society. The Officers,
Council, and Fellows of our Society desire to associate themselves with you
in celebrating the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of the birth of
a scientific corporation which in the distinction of its history is assuredly



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 99

second to no similar body in the World. The great army of diligent and
determined workers who are united by the solemn covenant to extend Man's
knowledge of Nature look with reverence and gratitude on the Society which,
during two and a half centuries, has kept alive in these Islands the sacred fire
of Research, and has included within its Fellowship men whose names and
achievements are amongst the most imperishable glories of the human race.
We desire to take this opportunity of expressing, however imperfectly, our
indebtedness to the Society of Boyle, of Cavendish, of Priestley, of Dalton,
and of Davy, and we are proud to remember that these early masters of our
Science, by the stimulus which their investigations gave to the growth of
Chemical Knowledge, led to the origin of our Society by a natural process of
gemmation from your body. It is, therefore, in the capacity of children, and
as an act of filial piety, that we desire to offer to you, our parents, dutiful
felicitations to-day. We would take this opportunity again of gladly and
freely acknowledging before all men that whatever success our own Society
may have achieved, whatever may be the dignity to which we have attained,
and whatever service to Science and to Mankind we may have been privileged
to perform, we largely owe to the inspiration which our founders drew from
the magnificent traditions of the Royal Society. This quickening influence
has been and, we trust, may long be maintained by a close association with
you, by the community of Fellowship which exists between your Society and
ours, and by the kindred ideals and aspirations which animate us both.
Signed on behalf of the Chemical Society:

PERCY F. FRANKLAND, President.
ALEXANDER SCOTT, Treasurer.
ARTHUR W. CROSSLEY }
SAMUEL SMILES ) A

HORACE T. BROWN, Foreign Secretary.

Sealed in Council this Twentieth Day of June, One Thousand Nine
Hundred and Twelve.



ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY, LONDON

SOCIETATI REGIAE SOCIETAS ENTOMOLOGICA LONDINENSIS S. P. D. Benevole
a vobis invitati, ut unum aliquem nostrum delegemus, qui natalicia vestra
vobiscum celebret, munus hoc vel potius honorem Praesidi nostro, qui nunc
est, contulimus, mandavimusque ei ut, epistolae huius testimonio, vobis
declaret, nostrum omnium in votis esse ut Societas vestra virorum illustrium
sapientiae doctrinaeque Britannicae iam per tot annos decus et tutamen
felicitate, gloria, denique rebus omnibus optabilibus, magis magisque semper

H 2



100 THE ROYAL SOCIETY

floreat, utque indagatio ac scientia rerum physicarum (quo ex fonte unum
quasi rivulum fluentem Sodalitas nostra, quantum potest, consectari amat)
patrocinio et favore vestro adiuvari nunquam desinat. Valete.

F. D. MORICE, Praeses.

A. HUGH JONES ] T ,

\ Vzce-Praes.
JNO. HARTLEY DURRANTj

JAMES J. WALKER ) ,

[Hon. Sec.
GEORGE WHEELER J

Datum Londini, mense lulio, MCMXII.



GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, LONDON

REGIAE LONDINENSIUM SOCIETATI GEOLOGIC A LONDINENSIUM SOCIETAS S. P. D.
Hodie, viri amplissimi, Regiae Londinensium Societati Societas Geologica
corde gratulatur ducentos quinquaginta annos summa cum laude confectos.
Occasionem auspicatam laeti arripimus confitendi quid nos potissimum
debeamus Almae Matri omnium fere collegiorum quae nunc apud Britannos
exstant arcana naturae explorandi causa. Ad origines vestrae Societatis
paulisper respicere liceat. Videtisne ut ex illo philosophorum globo, qui id
temporis congressi sunt inquisitionem rerum physicarum promovendi causa,
nata sit indagatio ista subterraneorum aenigmatum (eorum praecipue quae ad
interius orbis terrarum tegumentum spectant) quae luce clarius edocuit arcana
naturae, non modo in re geologica, verum etiam in unaquaque scientiae
provincia, congregationibus indagantium et partitione operis potius quam
singulorum investigatorum ope in lucem esse proferenda ? lam centum abhinc
annos nos fratres geologici domicilio, ut ita dicam, proprio utimur ; gratis
tamen animis ad Almam Matrem nutricemque respicimus. Cui nostrum non
surgunt cristae quum secum reputet matris nostrae cordi esse quae ipsi penitus
investigare propositum habemus ? Quis non superbit quod tu, vir amplissime,
quern nos fratrem commilitonemque in nostra militia salutamus, in sellam
praesidialem huius velut praetorii scientiarum, contubernalium suffrages,
accitus es ? Societas Regia optime de Republica merita est, quippe quae
ubique ardorem indagandi turn genuerit turn stimulaverit. O si quae laus
earn saeculis superioribus prosecuta est, ea per ventura saecula splendore baud
imminuto illustret !

AUBREY STRAHAN, Praeses.

A. SMITH WOODWARD \ SecretariL
HERBERT H. THOMAS J

BEDFORD McNEILL, Thesaurarius.



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 101

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF GREAT BRITAIN AND MUSEUM OF
PRACTICAL GEOLOGY, LONDON

ADDRESS OF THE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF GREAT BRITAIN AND THE MUSEUM
OF PRACTICAL GEOLOGY TO THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. The Geological
Survey of Great Britain and the Museum of Practical Geology desire to take
their part in the congratulatiops which are being offered by the whole civilized
world to the Royal Society of London on the attainment of its two hundred
and fiftieth Anniversary. To the influence of the Society in carrying out its
vocation of improving Natural Knowledge, the growth of the science of
Geology was chiefly due for nearly a century and a half, and though now for
upwards of a hundred years geologists have found other homes, they can never
forget that the Royal Society is the parent of all scientific institutions in the
British Dominions. The Geological Survey and Museum are proud to
remember that all their Directors and many other members of their staff have
been Fellows of the Royal Society, and more especially that a former Director
General now occupies the Presidential Chair. Being well aware of the great
work performed by the Society not only in original research in every branch
of science but in advising the State on scientific matters, in administering
funds for the furtherance of research, and in investigations leading to the
improvement of man's position upon the earth, it is the fervent wish of these
Institutions that the Royal Society of London may long continue its eminently
distinguished and useful career.

J. J. H. TEALL, Director

July, 1912.



INSTITUTE OF CHEMISTRY, LONDON

THE President, Council, and Fellows of the INSTITUTE OF CHEMISTRY OF
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND have great pleasure in offering to the President,
Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of London their sincere and hearty
congratulations on the occasion of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary
of the incorporation of the Society. The Institute of Chemistry desires to be
associated with Academies, Learned Societies, and all Scientific Institutions in
rejoicing that the Royal Society which justly takes precedence as the parent
of all our Scientific Societies, has with such marked success upheld the world-
wide prestige of Science generally, and that throughout the two and a half
centuries of its existence the great objects of its founders have been faithfully
maintained to the honour of this country, and to the everlasting benefit of the
cause of civilization and humanity at large. In the domain of Chemistry, no
less than in other branches of Science, the Royal Society has fostered the



102 THE ROYAL SOCIETY

progress of Learning and Research. The Institute recalls with pride that
from its foundation in 1877 its Register has borne the names of no less than
106 Fellows of the Royal Society, while at the present time 48 Fellows of the
Institute enjoy that distinction. It is the earnest hope of the Institute that
the Royal Society may continue its career with undiminished vigour and
success and that the great traditions of its past history may be carried on by
future generations of its Fellows.
This 15th day of July, 1912.

RAPHAEL MELDOLA, President.
WILLIAM A. TILDEN
GEORGE BEILBY

FRANK CLOWES ^-Presidents.

GEORGE McGOWAN
JOHN MILLAR THOMSON
ALEXANDER PEDLER

ALFRED GORDON SALAMON, Hon. Treasurer.
RICHARD B.PILCHER, Registrar and Secretary.



INSTITUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS, LONDON

To THE PRESIDENT AND COUNCIL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON
Greeting. The President and Council of the INSTITUTION OF ELECTRICAL
ENGINEERS offer their congratulations to the Royal Society on the completion
of the two hundred and fiftieth year of its existence. They are happy to
recall how much the Royal Society has done since the days of Robert Boyle
and Francis Hauksbee to promote the discovery of electrical phenomena and
of the laws of electricity and magnetism. They will ever remember the
additions to electrical knowledge due to Sir Isaac Newton, Stephen Gray,
Benjamin Franklin, Joseph Priestley, Abraham Bennet, Sir Humphry Davy,
Michael Faraday, John Frederick Daniell, Sir William Grove, Sir Francis
Ronalds, James Prescott Joule, Sir Charles Wheatstone, John Tyndall,
Latimer Clarke, David Edward Hughes, Lord Kelvin, James Clerk Maxwell,
John Hopkinson, George Francis FitzGerald, William Edward Ayrton, and
other Fellows of the Royal Society. They express the hope that the Royal
Society may enjoy unbroken prosperity, and may continue to promote the
progress of electrical science.

On behalf of the Institution, the XVI day of July, MDCCCCXH.

S. Z. DE FERRANTI, President.

W. DUDDELL, President Elect.

P. F. ROWELL, Secretary.



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 103



IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE, LONDON

INSTITUTI FERRI ET CHALYBIS PRAESES ET CONCILIUM ET Socn PRAESIDI ET CON-
CILIO ET SODALIBUS SociETATis REGALis Salutem. Fausta oblata occasione, quod
natalem diem doctissimae vestrae Societatis annos iam CCL constitutae
celebrandum statuistis, antiquissimae et illustrissimae omnium in hac patria
nostra societatum, quae Scientiae Naturali promovendae studuerunt, nos laeti
et pietate affecti, cum ceteris huiusce generis societatibus, parenti nostrae
insigni et dilectae gratulationem non simulatam agimus, et vota conferimus ut
stabilita in annos floreat et praevalescat.

Datum Londinii, Id. lul. MCMXII et manu nostra et signo confirmatum.

ARTHUR COOPER, Praeses.
G. C. LLOYD, Secretarius.



THE LINNEAN SOCIETY OF LONDON desires to present its congratulations to
the Royal Society of London on the celebration of the two hundred and
fiftieth Anniversary of its foundation, on the completion of a period which
has witnessed so vast a development of the Sciences, and on the noble part
which the Society itself has borne in this boundless ' Improvement of Natural
Knowledge \ The Linnean Society rejoices to recall, not only the many who
have been and are on the Rolls of both Societies, thereby constituting links
between the two, but also that Sir Joseph Banks, who took a large part in the
foundation of the Linnean Society, presided for forty- one years over the Royal
Society, and that the great Swedish naturalist whose name is borne by the
Linnean Society, was also a Foreign Member of the Royal Society.

Given under the Common Seal of the Society this Twentieth day of
June, 1912.

EDWARD B. POULTON, President.
B. DAYDON JACKSON



OTTO STAPF
GILBERT C. BOURNE



'Secretaries.



PRAESIDI SODALIBUSQUE ILLUSTRISSIMAE SOCIETATIS REGALIS REGENTES,
PROFESSORES, STUDIOSI IN COLLEGIO QUOD LISTER INSTITUTE OF PREVENTIVE
MEDICINE APPELLATUR S. P. D. Libenter, viri doctissimi, litteras vestras
accepimus necnon summa erga vos voluntate quod, tot annis rite peractis in



104

arcanis Naturae exquirendis, Sodalitatem vestram praeclaram, fortunatis
auspiciis conditam, tanta prudentia perfectam, celebrare velitis, Societati
Regali pro temporis opportunitate gratulamur. Nos qui sub auspiciis Lister
(hominis praeclarissimi et quondam Sodalitatis vestrae praesidis) abditas
causas, in quibus requiritur ex quibus principiis nostra corpora sint, quid
secundam quid adversam valetudinem faciat, patefacere laboramus, haud
immemores sumus illorum tam praeclarorum virorum, Boyle, Mayow, Hales,
Jenner, Young quorum nomina cum multis aliis necnon illustribus in fastis
Societatis vestrae inscripta sunt. Tanto desiderio, tanta in vos benevolentia
vehementer commoti, virum bonum, doctissimum HENRICUM ROSCOE equitem,
per multos annos Concilio nostro praepositum, qui ipse praesens ad nostram
amicitiam praestandam feriis vestris intersit, legatum destinavimus. Floreat
in aeternum Societas Regalis penitus dilecta honoribus novis novisque inceptis

HENRY E. ROSCOE, Praeses.

J. LUARD PATTISSON, Aerario Praefectus.

CHARLES J. MARTIN, Director.



MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY, LONDON

THE LONDON MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY, of whose duty it is part to elaborate
the instrument without which all pursuit of Natural Knowledge must finally
be futile, desires to offer humble congratulations on the attainment of her
two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary to the Royal Society. That this
Society may ever continue to be imbued with the reverent and enthusiastic
desire to unravel the secrets of Nature which has characterized all her most
distinguished Fellows, and may ever hold herself in readiness, untrammelled
by any too intimate relations with other institutions, to take her rightful
place in succeeding times of Renaissance, is the prayer of all the special
societies who own her pre-eminence. On behalf of the London Mathematical
Society :

H. F. BAKER, President.

July 16, 1912.



MERCERS' COMPANY, LONDON

To THE PRESIDENT, COUNCIL, AND FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY. THE
MERCERS^ COMPANY OF LONDON desire to offer to you the President, Council, and
Fellows of the Royal Society their sincere congratulations on the occurrence
of the 250th Anniversary of the incorporation of your Society, whose history
from its commencement has been an uninterrupted and glorious succession


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