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^fOi-OGICAL SE>^^5^'




BR 60 .L52 V.36
John Chrysostom, d. 407.
The homilies of S. John
Chrysostom, Archbishop of



V.26



LIBRARY OF FATHERS



HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH.



ANTERIOR TO THE DIVISION OF THE EAST AND WEST



TRANSLATED BY MEMBERS OF THE ENGLISH CHURCH.




YKT SHALL NOT THY TEACHERS BE REMOVED INTO A CORNER AW jrORE, HUT
THINE EVES SHALL SEE THY TEACHERS. Isaia/i xxx. 20.



OXFORD,

JOHN HENRY PARKER;

F. AND J. RIVINGTON, LONDON.

MDCCCLII.



TO THE MEMORY

OF THE

MOST REVEREND FATHER IN GOD

WILLIAM

LORD ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY,

PRIMATE OF ALL ENGLAND,

F(}RMERLY REGIUS I'ROFKSSOR OF DIVINITY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD,

THIS LIBRARY

OF

ANCIENT BISHOPS, FATHERS, DOCTORS, MARTYRS, CONFESSORS,

OF Christ's holy catholic church,

UNDERTAKEN AMID HIS ENCOURAGEMENT,

AND

CARRIED ON FOR TWELVE YEARS UNDER HIS SANCTION,

UNTIL HIS DEPARTURE HENCE IN PEACE,

IS

GRATEFULLY AND REVERENTLY

INSCRIBED.



HOMILIES



S. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM



GOSPEL OF ST. JOHN.



THE



HOMILIES



/
S. JOHNCHRYSOSTOM,

ARCHBISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE,



GOSPEL OF ST. JOHN,



TRANSLATED,



WITH NOTES AND INDICES.



PART II. HOM. XLII.— LXXXVIIL



OXFORD,

JOHN HENRY PARKER *,

F. AND J. RIVINGTONj LONDON,

MDCCCLIL



BAXTKK, PKINTER, OXFORD.




HOMILY XLII.

Page 361.
John vi. 1 — 4.

After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, into
the parts of Tiberias. And a great multitude followed
Him, because they saw the miracles which He did on
them, that were diseased. And Jesus departed into a
mountain, and there sat with His disciples. And the
Passover of the Jews was nigh.



HOMILY XLIII

Page 372.

John vi. 16—18.

And when even was now come, His disciples went down unto
the sea, and entered into a ship, and went over the sea
toward Capernaum. And it was now dark, and Jesus
was not come unto them. And the sea arose by reason of
a great ivind that blew.



HOMILY XLIV.

Page 378.

John vi. 26, 27.

Jesus answered ihem, and said. Verily, verily, I say unto
you, Ye seek Me, not because ye saw the miracles, but
because ye did eat of the loaves and were filled. Labour
not for the meat luhich perishelh, but for that meat which
endureth unto everlasting life.



vi CONTENTS,

HOMILY XLV.

Page 383.
John vi. 28—30.

Then said they unto Him, What shall ue do, that ue might
work the works of God? Jesus answered and said unto
tliem. This is the work of God, that ye believe on Him
Whom He hath sent. TItey said therefore unto Him,
What sign shewesl tJiou then, that we may see and believe
thee ? what dost thou work ?



HOMILY XLVI.

Page 394.
John vi. 41, 42.
The Jews then murmured at Him, because He said, I am
the bread which came down from heaven ; and they said.
Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and
mother ue know '^ How is it then that he saith, I came
down from heaven ?



HOMILY XLVII.

Page 403.

John vi. 53, 54.

Jesus therefore said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto
you. Except ye eat the Flesh of the Son of Man, and
drink His Blood, ye have not eternal life in yourselves.
Whoso eateth My Flesh, and drinketh My Blood, hath
life in himself.

HOMILY XLVin.

Page 4] 6.

John vii. 1, 2.

After these things Jesus walked in Galilee ,• for He would
not walk in Jewry, because the Jews sought to kill Him,
Now the Jews" feast of tabernacles was at hand.



CONTENTS. VU

HOMILY XLIX.

Page 422.

John vii. 9, 10.

When He had said iJiese words: unto them, He abode still in
Galilee. But alien His brethren icerc gone up, then went
He up also unto the feast, not openly, but as it were in
secret.



HOMILY L.

Page 431.

John vii. 25—27.

Then said some of them of Jerusalem, Is not this he, whom
they seek to kill? But, lo, he speaketh boldly, and they
say nothijig unto him. Do the rulers know indeed that
this is the very Christ ? Howbeit we know this man
whence he is.



HOMILY LI.

Page 439.

John vii. 37, 38.

In the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and
cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto Me,
and drink. He that believeth on Me, as the Scripture
hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.



HOMILY LII.

Page 446.

John vii. 45, 46.

Then came the officers to the CJiief Priests and Pharisees ;
and they said unto them, IVhy hate ye not brought hitn?
The officers answered, Never man spake like this Man.



viii CONTENTS.

HOMILY LIII.

Page 455.

John viii. 20.
These words spake Jesus in ihe freasuri/, as He taiiyht in
the Temple; and no man hid hands on Him, for His
hour was not yet come.



HOMILY LIV.

Page 463.

John xiii. 31, 32.

Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on Him, If
ye continue in My zeord, then are ye My disciphs indeed.
And ye shall know ihe truth, and ihe truth shall make
you free.



HOMILY LV.

Page 473.

John viii. 48, 49.

Thett answered the Jews, and said unto Him, Say we not
well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil? Jesus
answered, I have not a devil ; hut I honour My Father.



HOMILY LVI.
Page 480.

John ix. 1, 2.

And as Jesus passed by. He saw a man which teas blind
from his birth. And His disciples asked Him, saying,
Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was
born blind?



CONTENTS. IX

HOMILY LVII.

Page 489.

John ix. 6, 7.

When Jesus had thus spoken. He spat on the ground, and
made clay of the spittle, and He anointed the eyes of the
blind man with clay, and said. Go, ivaslt in the pool of
Siloam.



HOMILY LVIII. .^

Page 49Γ.
John ix. 17, 18.

They say unto the blind man again. What sayest thou of
him, that he hath opened thine eyes ? He said, He is a
Prophet. The Jews then did not believe.



HOMILY LIX.

Page 609.
John ix. 34—36.

And they cast him out. And Jesus heard that they had cast
him out; and when He had found him. He said unto
him, Dost thou believe on the Son of God ? He answered
and said, Who is He, Lord, that I might believe on Him?
And the rest.



HOMILY LX.

Page 520.

John X. 14, 15.

/ am the good Shepherd, and know My sheep, and am known
of Mine. As the Father knoweth Me, even so know I the
Father ; and I lay down My life for the sheep.



CONTENTS.



HOMILY LXl.

Page 533.

John X. 22—24.
And it was at Jerusalem the Feast of the dedication, and it
teas winter. And Jesus icalked in the temple in Solomon's
porch. Then came the Jews round about Him, and said
unto Him, How Ion;/ dost thou make us to doubt ?



HOMILY LXII.

Page 544.

John xi. 1, 2.

Noiv a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, of
the town of Mary and her sister Martha. It was that
Mary which anointed the Lord with ointment.



HOMILY LXIII.

Page 555.

John xi. 30,31.

Now Jesus was not yet come into the town, but was in that
place ichere Martha met Him. The Jews then which
were with her, and what follows.



HOMILY LXIV.

Page 564.
John xi. 41, 42.

Jesus lifted up His eyes, and said, Father, I thank Thee that
'Thou hast heard Me; and I knew that Thou hearest Me
always, but because of the people which stand by^ J said
it. And what loUows.



CONTENTS. XI

HOMILY LXV.

Page 5Γ5.

John xi. 49, 50.

And one of them, Caiaphas, being the High Priest that
same year, said unto them. Ye know nothing at all, nor
consider thai it is expedient that one man should die for
the people, and that the whole nation perish not, 8fc.



HOMILY LXVI.
Page 583.
John xii. 8.
Much people of the Jeics therefore knew that He was there,
and they came, not for Jesus' sake only, but that they
might see Lazarus also, whom He had raised from the
dead.



HOMILY LXVII.

Page 591.
John xii. 25, 26.
He that loveth his life shall lose it, and lie that hateth his
life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal. If any
man serve Me, let him follow Me.



HOMILY LXVIIL

Page 598.

John xii. 34.
The people answered Him, We have heard out of the Law
that Christ ahideth for ever ; and how sayest thou. The
Son of Man must he lifted up? Who is this Son of Man?



Xll CONTENTS.

HOMILY LXIX.

Page 605,

John xii. 42, 43.
Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on
Him ; hut because of the Pharisees they did not confess
Him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue: for they
loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.



HOMILY LXX.

Page 612.

John xiii. 1.
Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that
His hour was come that He should depart out of this
world unto the Father, having loved His own which were
in the world, He loved them unto the end.



HOMILY LXXI.
Page 619,

John xiii. 12.
And He took His garments, and having sat down again, said
unto them, Know ye what I have done to you? And what
follows.



HOMILY LXXII.

Page 626.

John xiii. 20.
Verily, verily, ΐ say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoover
1 send, receiveth Me: and He that receiveth Me, receiveth
Him that sent Me.



CONTENTS. XlU

HOMILY LXXIII.

Page 636.

John xii. 36.
Simon Peler said unto Him, Lord^ whither goest Thou ?
Jesus answered Him, Whither I go thou canst not follow
Me now, but thou shall follow Me afterwards.



HOMILY LXXIV.

Page 644.

John xiv. 8, 9.
Philip saiih unto Him, Lord, shew us the Father, and it
sufficeth us. Jesus saith unto him. Have I been so long
time with you, and yet hast thou not known Me, Philip?
He who hath seen Me, hath seen the Father.



HOMILY LXXV.

Page 649.

John xiv. 15 — 17.
If ye love Me, keep My commandments. And I ivill pray
the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter,
that He may abide with you for ever ; even the Spirit of
truth, Whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth
Him not, neither knoweth Him.



HOMILY LXXVI.

Page 663.

John xiv. 31. xv. 1.

Arise, let us go hence. I am the true Fine, {ye are the

branches f) and BIy Father is the Husbandman.



Xl\^ CONTENTS.

HOMILY LXXVII.

Page 671.
John XV. 11, 12.
Tliese things have I spoken unto you, that My joy might
remain in you, and that your joy might be full. This is
My commandment, that ye love one another, as I have
loved you.



HOMILY LXXVIII.

Page 682,
John xvi. 4 — 0*.

These things I said not unto you at the beginning, because
I uas with you. But noiv I go My way to Him that sent
Me; and none of you askeih Me, Whither goest Thou?
But because I have said these things unto you, sorrow
hath filled your heart.



HOMILY LXXIX.
Page 693.

John xvi. 16, 17.
A little while, and ye shall not see Me: and again, a little
while, and ye shall see Me, because I go to the Father.
Then, said some of His disciples among themselves, What
is this thai He saith? And what follows.



HOMILY LXXX.

Page 705,

John xvii. 1.
Tliese words spake Jesus, and lifted up His eyes to heaven, and
saith, Father, the hour is come ; glorify Thy Son, that TJiy
Son also may glorify Thee.



CONTKNTS. XV

HOMILY LXXXI.

Page 713.
John xvii. 6.

/ have manifested Thy Name nnto the men which Thou gavest
Me out of the world ; Thine iht^y uere, and Thou gavest
them Me^ and they have kept Thy word.



HOMILY LXXXII.

Page 721.
John xvii. 14.

/ hare given them Thy word; and the world hath hated them,
because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the
world.



HOMILY LXXXIII.

Page 731.

John xviii. 1.

When Jesus had spoken these uords. He went forth with His
disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into
the which He entered, and His disciples.



HOMILY LXXXIV.

Page 746.

John xviii. 37.

To this end was I born, and for this cause came Τ into the
world, that I should bear witness nnto the truth. Every
one that is of the truth heareth My Voice,



XVI CONTENTS.

HOMILY LXXXV.

Page 755.

John xix. 16 — 18.

Then delivered he Him therefore unto them to he crucified.
And they took Jesuft, and led Him aitay. And He, bearing
His cross, went forth into a place called the place of a
skull, ivh.ere they crucified Him.

HOMILY LXXXVI.

Page 770.

John XX. 10, II.

Then the disciples icent away again unto their own home.
But Mary stood icithout at the sepulchre, weeping.

HOMILY LXXXVII.

Page 780.
John XX. 24, 25.

But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not icith
them when Jesus came. The other disciples therefore said
unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said. Except
I shall see in His Hands — / toill not believe.



HOMILY LXXXVIII.

Page 790.

John xxi. 15.

So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon,
son of Jonas, lovest thou Me more than these? He saith
unto Him, Yea, Lord, Thou knowesf that I love Thee.






"TB



fOLOGTOAX^



HOMILY XLII.



John vi. 1 — 4.

^fter these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, into the
parts op Tiberias. And a great multitude followed Him^ i ei's τά
because theii saw the'^ miracles which He did on them that^^^^.

•^ not lu

were diseased. And Jesus departed^ into a mountain, and <ϊ• Τ.
there sat with His disciples. And the Passover of the~Q^^^
Jews* was nigh. άπί/λβε

G. Τ.
Beloved, let us not contend with violent men, but learn^^ Iv^op-

when the doing so brings no hurt to our virtue to give place .^jV'^"

to their evil counsels; for so all their hardihood is checked. G^• T.

5 al ' be

As darts when they fall upon a firm^, hard, and resisting content'
substance, rebound with great violence on those who throw " ^''"^^'^'*'
them, but when the violence of the cast hath nothing toal. διατ.
oppose it, it soon becometh weaker and ceaseth, so is it with
insolent men; when we contend with them they become the
fiercer, but when we yield and give ground, we easily abate
all their madness. Wherefore the Lord when He knew that
the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more
disciples than Jo7<», went into Galilee, to quench their envy,
and to soften by His retirement the wrath which was likely
to be engendered by these reports. And when He departed
for the second time into Galilee, He cometh not to the same
places as before ; for He went not to Cana, but to the other
side of the sea, and'' great multitudes followed Him, behold- ^^^°•
ing the miracles uhich He did. What miracles? Whyforealso'

2 I?



3G-2 Whj Christ departed into a mountain.

HoMiL.dolh he' not mention them specifically? Because this

j^ji^ Evangelist most of all was desirous of employing the greater

« dost part of his book on the discourses and sermons [of Christ].

*'"'''' Observe, for instance, how for a whole year, or rather how

even now at the feast of the Passover, he hath given us no

more information on the head of miracles, than merely that

He healed the paralytic and the nobleman's son. Because

he was not anxious to enumerate them all, (that would have

been impossible,) but of many and great to record a few.

\^er. 2. A great multitude followed Him heliolding the

miracles that He did. What is here told marks not a very

wise state of mind^; for when they had enjoyed such teaching,

they still were more attracted by the miracles, which was a

sign of the grosser state. For " miracles," It saith, " are not

for believers, but for unbelievers **." The people described by

3al. Matthew acted not thus% but how? They all, he saith,

^^ζ^°^ were astonished at His doctrine, because He taught as one

Mat. 7, /laving authority.

28. 29. ./ ./

"And why doth He occupy the mountain now, and sit
there with His disciples ?" Because of the miracle which
was about to take place. And that the disciples alone went
up with Him, was a charge against the multitude which
followed Him not. Yet not for this only did He go up into
the mountain, but to teach us ever to rest at intervals from
^rTjsey the tumults and confusion of common life^ For solitude is
^*'^'*'" a thing meet for the study of wisdom. And often doth He
go up alone into a mountain, and spend the night there, and
pray, to teach us that the man who will come most near to
God must be free from all disturbance, and must seek times
and places clear of confusion.

Ver. 4. And the Passover, a feast of the Jews, teas nigh.
" How then," saith some one, " doth He not go up unto the
feast, but, when all are pressing to Jerusalem, goeth Himself
into Galilee, and not Himself alone, but taketh His disciples
with Him, and proceedeth thence to Capernaum?" Because
henceforth He was quietly annulling the Law, taking occa-.
sion from the wickedness of the Jews.

••* ill. ' this kind of following belongs 14, 22. where the words relate to the
not to a Fettled mind.' gift of tongues.

" Not exactly «luoted from 1 Cor.



Philip questioned. 363

Ver. 5. And as He lifted tip His eyes, He beheld a great John
company"



This sheweth that He sat not at any time idly ' with the dis- ^ ottacDs
ciples, but jjerhaps carefully conversing with them, and making
them attend- and turn towards Him, a thing which peculiarly 2 al.
marks'^ His tender care, and the humility and condescension j^^f*^
of His demeanour towards them. For they sat with Him,
perhaps looking at one another; then having lifted up His
eyes, He beheld the multitudes coming unto Him. Now the
other Evangelists say, that the disciples came and asked and
besought Him that He would not send them away fasting,
while St. John saith, that the question was put to Philip by
Christ. Both occurrences seem to me to be truly reported,
but not to have taken place at the same time, the former
account being prior to the other, so that the two are entirely
different.

Wherefore then doth He ask Philip ? He knew which of
His disciples needed most instruction ; for this is he who
afterwards said, Shew us the Father, and it sufficeth us, andc. 14, 8.
on this account Jesus was beforehand bringing him into a
proper stated For had the miracle simply been done, the^eppue-
marvel would not have seemed so great, but now He before- '^^
hand constraineth him to confess the existing want, that
knowing the state of matters he might be the more exactly
acquainted with the magnitude of the miracle about to take
place. Wherefore He saith % ^Ben.

Whence shall loe have so many loaves", that these may eat ? ' and see

So in the Old [Testament] He spake to Moses, for He saith.'
wrought not the sign until He had asked him. What is that
in thy hand ? Because things coming to pass unexpectedly
and all at once*, are wont to throw us into forgetfulness o(^ αθρόον
things previous, therefore He first involved him in a con-
fession of present circumstances, that when the astonishment
should have come upon him, he might be unable afterwards
to drive away the remembrance of what he had confessed,
and thus might learn by comparison the greatness of the

*= άι/αβλί'ψαϊ TOis οφθαλμοΊ! δρα υχλον "^ Ben. Ed. reads : ου μάλιστα καϊ

iroXvv. In G. T. the words are : ΐντΐΰθΐν την κη^ιμονίαν ϊστι μαθΐΐν.

ivapas οίν υ Ίησοΰ$ tovs οφθαλμο^ε, ® In G. Τ. ττόθΐ•/ ayondaouiv &otovs

κα\ θίασάμΐνο$ 'ότι πο\ν$ 6χ\θ5 έρχεται Ίνα κ. τ. λ,
■Kphs αυτόν.

'2 Β 2



3G4 The manner of Philip. < trial

HcMiL. miracle, whicli in fact takes place in this instance ; for Philip
— ^ — ■ being asked, replied,

Ver. 7, 6. Tuo Inindred pennijuorth of bread is not
sufficient for the/??, that every one of them may take a little.
And this He said to prove him: for He Himself knew what
He w'^:uld do.

What nieancth, to prove Jtim? Did not He know what
[o,] wonld be said by him? We cannot assert that. WH^at then
is the meaning of the expression ? We may discover it from
Gen.22, the Old [Testament]. For there too It saith, And it came
^'^' to pass after these thinys that God did tempt Abraham, and
said unto him, Take thy beloved son whom thou lovest ; yet
it doth not appear in that place either, that when He saith
this He waited to see the end of the trial, whether Abraham
would obey or not, (liow could He, Who knoweth all things
^ irpiv before they come into existence'?) but the words in both
"^^"^ cases are spoken after the manner of men. For as when
Hist, (the Psalmist-) saith that He " searcheth the hearts of men,"
verT42. ^^^ meanctli not a search of ignorance but of exact knowledge,
2Ps.7,9.just so when the Evangelist saith that He proved (Philip),
Paul" he meaneth only thai He knew exactly. And perhaps one
Rom, 8, i^iigiit say another thing, that as He once made Abraham
more approved, so also did He this man, bringing him by
this question to an exact knowledge of the miracle. The
Evangelist therefore, that thou maycst not stop at the feeble-
ness of the expression, and so form an improjier opinion of
what was said, addeih, He Himself knew what He icould do.

Moreover we must observe this, that when there is any
wrong suspicion, the writer straightway very carefully
»al. ^ corrects^ it. As then in this place that the hearers might
not form any such suspicion, he adds the corrective, saying,
For He Himself knew what He icould do: so also in that
other place, when He saith, that the Jews persecuted Him,
because He not only had broken the sabbath, but said also
that God was His Father, makinrj Himself equal icith God,
had there not been the assertion of Christ Himself confirmed
by His works, he would there also have subjoined this
correction. For if even in words which Christ speaketh the
Evangelist is careful tiiat none should have suspicions, much
more in cases where others were speaking of Him wonld he



Created matter ciiiphijed. 365

have loolied closely, had he percei\'ed that an improper John
opinion prevailed concerning Him. But he did not so, for — '-^^
he knew that this*^ was His meaning', and immoveable 'γ^'ω/^ν
decreed Therefore after saying, making Himself equahxpricpov
with God, he used not any such correction ; for the matter
spoken of was not an erroneous fancy of theirs, but His own
assertion ratified by His works. Philip then having been
questioned,

Ver. 8, 9. Andrew, Simon''s^ brother, said, There is a Ιαά^'^.ψώνο^
here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes .• ^^T^""
but ivhat are they among so many ?

Andrew is higher minded than Philip, yet had not he
attained to every thing. Yet I do not think that he spake
without an object, but as having heard" of the miracles of
the Prophets, and how Elisha wrought a sign with the loaves ; 2 Kings
on this account he mounted to a certain height*, but could 4 'j^*^"
not attain to the very top. 'farther'

Let us learn then^, we who give ourselves to luxury, what^al.
was the fare of those great and admirable men ; and in ^^^^
quality and quantity^ let us behold and imitate the thriftiness « [of that
of their table. -^^.tf

What follows also expresses great weakness. For after Morel.

saying, hath five barley loaves, he addeth, but what are they

among so many? He supposed that the Worker of the miracle

would make less out of less, and more out of more. But

this was not the case, for it was alike easy to Him to cause

bread to spring forth ^ from more and from less, since Ηο^πτιγα

needed no subject-matter. But in order that the creation '^'"

might not seem foreign to His Wisdom, as afterwards

slanderers and those affected with the disease of Marcion^ssee

said, He used the creation itself as a groundwork for His"°l*;•
' ° p. 71.

marvels.

When both the disciples had owned themselves at a loss,
then He wrought the miracle ; for thus they profited the
more, having first confessed the difficulty of the matter, that
when it should come to pass, they might understand the
power of God. And because a miracle was about to be

ε i. c. the Equality of The Son with *> al. ' for I think that the miracles of
The Father. the Prophets had entered his mind.



366 Of the giving of thanks.

HoMiL. wrought, which had also been performed by the Prophets,

^^^^• although not in an equal degree, and because He would do
it after first giving thanlis, lest they should fall into any
suspicion of weakness on His part, observe how by the very
manner of His working He entirely raiseth their thoughts
of it and sheweth them the difference (between Himself and
others). For when the loaves had not yet appeared', that
thou mayest learn, that things that are not are to Him as

Eom, 4, though they were, (as Paul saith, Who callelh the things
that be not as though they tcere,) He commanded them, as
if the table were prepared and ready, straightway to sit down,

' al. rousing by this the minds of His disciples. And because *
^ ^° they had profited by the questioning, they immediately



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