Samuel Armor.

History of Orange County, California : with biographical sketches of the leading men and women of the county who have been identified with its earliest growth and development from the early days to the present online

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peace. After he had gone over the battles on such fronts as St. Mihiel and the
Argonne, leading up to the victorious march of the Allied armies on to German
soil, the speaker said :

"To my mind the greatest victory of all was indicated to me as the Entente
armies were marching into Coblenz. There the Stars and Stripes were seen
waving over the double eagle of the flag of Prussia. That American flag, floating
there, seemed to say that when the time came when the Prussian flag could be
replaced by the flag of a German republic, guaranteeing that Prussian militarism
was forever crushed, when that time came, then the American flag in Germany
would come down, for we did not come into Germany as conquerors. We did
not come with any idea of subjugating the people of the country, ^^'e came solely
as an army representing a people whose unshakable conviction is that right must
prevail over might in the world."

The chaplain's address was spiced with anecdotes of the war, incidents
humorous and pathetic that came under his observation, and in some of which
he was a participant. He closed amid tremendous applause after making an
earnest plea in behalf of the League of Nations. He said, in effect, that if the
peace of the world were not made secure in the future, then the men who fouglit
in France would have been betrayed.

The records of the War History Department of the Doe Library, Berkeley,
show this county's service men to have gained only seventeen citations and
decorations, as follows: 1, Diedrich V. Burdorf, Fullerton, cited by America:
2, Carl F. Burns, Santa Ana, Croix de Guerre ; 3. Pvt. Paul Cozad, Santa Ana,
commended for bravery, cited by America : 4, Major \^'. T. Crook, Anaheim.
Croix de Guerre, Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Order
(England); 5, Corp. Ora J. Easton, Santa Ana, Distinguished Service Cross,
decorated for bravery ; 6, Jacob M. Fisher, Santa Ana, Aledaille Militaire, Dis-
tinguished Service Cross; 7, Floyd L. Geyer, Santa Ana, cited by America; 8,
Ivan R. Gillaspy, Santa Ana, cited by America; 9, Sgt. John Guess, Jr., Elmond,
Distinguished Service Cross awarded posthumously ; 10, Harold J. Henry, Balboa,
Croix de Guerre; 11, Capt. Nelson Miles Holderman, Santa Ana, Distinguished
Service Cross, Congressional Medal of Honor; 12, Lieut. Perry Schurr, Santa
.Ana, Distinguished Service Cross; 13, Jay B. Taylor, Santa Ana, Croix de Guerre;
14, Jose Frank \'elasco, Yorba, cited by America ; 15, Allen C. Wallace, Anaheim,
cited by America; 16, Pvt. Curtis Ware, Tustin, Belgian Croix de Guerre; 17,
Joseph P. Zimmer, Placentia, cited by America.

Genevieve Ambrose, secretary of the department, explained her difficulties
in getting information, admitted that there were undoubtedly omissions and
errors in the list, and asked persons discovering either to transmit the informa-
tion and corrections to the department. The Santa .Ana Register pointed out



IIISTORV OF ORANGE COUXTY



13.^



that there is no such post office in tlie county as "Ehnoml.'" given in No. 9. and
called attention to the following omissions:

"Capt. Holderman, in addition to his American awards, received two Croix dc
Guerre decorations, one for bravery before the stand of the Lost Battalion and
one for a part he played in that desperate historic fight.

"The Distinguished Service Cross awarded Lieut. Elmer T. \\'orth}- of
Huntington Beach is not on the list. Neither is the citation given Sergt. Russell
Coleman of this city listed among the seventeen."

.\ cursory examination of a book entitled "With the 364111 Infantry in Amer-
ica, France and Belgium," a copy of which is in the Santa Ana library, disclosed
the fact that there were at least nine Orange County men of that hard-fighting
regiment who were "cited for exceptional bravery and meritorious conduct under
fire," and are not in that list, as follows :

Peter Laport, Fullerton : Charley Lindley, Anaheim: Alilton M. Bolton. F.l
Modena : Clifton E. Lowen, La Habra : James H. Dickson, Placentia : Frank J.
Schrott, Anaheim : John P. Holditch, Orange ; George L. \'ance, Fullerton ; Ralph
Huffman, Orange.

Those who know of the esteem in which the work of Orange County's service
men was held by the authorities believe that enough citations and decoration^
have been bestowed, if all were reported, to raise the county's rank to fifth or
sixth instead of tenth, as the seventeen, which were reported, now make it.



CHAPTER XXII
THE COUNTY'S LIBERTY LOANS

The five loans, called for by the government to finance the war, were appor-
tioned among the people according to the bank deposits in the respective communi-
ties. R. L. Bisby kindly furnished lists of the apportionments to the communities
of Orange County and of the liberal response made by each, as follows:

First and Second Liberty Loans

Subscriptions 2d Loan

Town 1st Loan 2d Loan Subscribers

.\naheim $49,450 S 408,750 1,515

Brea 14,800 4,000 47

Fullerton 62,000 357,050 '^7S

Garden Grove 1,600 22,550 140

Huntington Beach 700 33,150 140

La Habra 7,050 7.250 62

Newport Beach 4,000 14,300 101

Olive 1,400 8,100 .v

Orange 36,200 106,800 808

Placentia 24,200 50,250 165

Santa Ana 208,450 726,250 2,017

Tustin 5,250 27,450 145

^'orba Linda 8,000 42

Orange County $415,100 $1,863,000 7,106

Third Liberty Loan

Over-
Town Ouota Subscribed Subscrilied

Anaheim $ "188,000 $ 250.600 $ 62.600

Brea 10,000 50,100 40,100

Buena Park 3,000 13,550 10,550

El Toro 12,500 25,100 12,600



134



HISTORY OF ORANGE COUNTY



Fiillerton 137,850

Garden Grove 19,500

Huntington Beach 27,100

Lagiina Beach 5,000

La Habra 14,100

Los Alamitos 17,000

Newport Beach 8,250

Ohve 8,750

Orange 181,100

Placentia 29,000

San Juan Capistrano 20,000

Santa Ana District 755.000

Stanton 4,000

Tustin 31,600

^'i.rlia Linda 6,750



Orange County $1,478,500

Fourth Liberty Loan



240,900


103,050


33,500


14,000


70,000


42,900


10,100


5,100


42,300


28,200


41,250


24,250


18,300


10.050


16,400


7,650


237,650


56,550


38,500


9,500


23.7S0


3,750


901,150


146,1,50


6,750


2.750


37,700


6,100


15,100


8,350



$2,172,700



$594,200



Town Quota

Anaheim $ 394,150

Brea 19,900

Fullerton 272,550

Garden Grove 34,650

Huntington Beach 51,450

La Habra 34.750

Newport Beach 15.700

Olive 19,300

Orange 363,250

Placentia 57,250

Santa^ Ana 1,47?,250

Tustin 57,700

Yorba Linda 14,250



Orange Count



.$2,807,150



Fifth Liberty Loan

Town Quota

Anaheim $ 282,100

Brea 16,000

Buena Park 8.550

Fullerton 214,400

Garden Grove 30,350

Huntington Beach 37,600

La Habra 25,900

Newport Beach 12,400

Olive 15,100

Orange 271,800

Placentia 43,900

Santa Ana 1,072,050

Tustin 40,500

Yorba Linda : 11,950

Orange County .$2,082,600





Over-


Subscribed


Subscribed


$ 495,800


$101.6.50


81,900


61.6.10


416.300


143.750


55.850


21.200


68,000


16.5.50


.54.350


19.600


36,300


20.600


23.:'00


3,900


418,600


55.350


75.550


18,300


1,806,800


334,550


70,200


12,.500


28,500


14,2.i0


$3,631,000


$823,850


Subscribed


Subscribers


$ 285,950


1,325


34,400


220


22.900


139


233,150


658


33,500


200


39,450


291


32.350


1.58


17.300


198


16.8.50


103


279.250


1,395


49.600


81


1.083.250


2,680


45.000


225


17.000


160


$2,189,950


7,833



HISTORY OF ORAXGK COL'NTV 135

CHAPTER XXIII
RELIEF WORK OF ASSOCIATIONS

There were four chapters of the Red Cross in active operation in the county
during the recent World War, one in each of the following cities : Anaheim, Ful-
lerton, Orange and Santa Ana. Each of these chapters, by its drives for member-
ship, included a large part of the community, in which it was located, as members.
The real work of the chapter, however, was done by a few score of people, mostlv
women, some of whom devoted almost their entire time to the work.

In answer to a request for information, th^ secretary of each of the chapters
furnished a copy of the last report, giving a detailed history of the work of the
chapter from its inception down to its close. These reports are highly creditable
and deserve to be reproduced in the history without abridgement ; but the most
that can be done is to give the results without recounting the processes b^• which
those results were obtained.

Anaheim Chapter of Red Cross

The .\naheim cha]5ter of the American Red Cross was organized in April.
1917, by the committee on organization. The officers then chosen served until
the following October when some changes were made, as was also done at subse-
quent elections. However, the treasurer, Mr. A. B. McCord, and the secretary,
Airs. Eva H. Boyd, served in their respective offices from the beginning until the
end of the work.

At the risk of overlooking some of the results in Christmas packages, canteen
work, etc., we skip over to the financial statement, whicli covers the period from
April 20, 1917, to May 1, 1919 and is as follows:

RECEIPTS

Membership $3,342.00

Sale of Insignia and Materials 300.31

Miscellaneous Income 434.45

Donations and Entertainments 4,379.83

Monthly Pledges 1,670.65

Stanton Branch 411,84

Salvage 180,43

First Aid 15.00

Home Service (loan returned ) 45.00

^^■ar Fund Drives 6,520.36

$17,200.87

DISr.URSEMEXTS

Membership National Head(|uarters $1,684.75 ■

Salary, Collecting 1917 War Fund and Office 345.00

Insignia Purchases 51.50

Military Relief, ^Material Purchased 7,037.02

Home Service 1 55.44

General Expenses, Comfort Kits, Telephone, etc 973.09

Canteen Service 381.41

Salvage, Junior Red Cross 40.00

First Aid, National Headquarters 2.50

Stanton Branch, 25 per cent War Fund, 1918 333.56

Stanton Branch, Local 337.16

$11,341.43

Balance on hand. May 1, 1919 $ 5,958.44

The work room report, July 1, 1917 to I\Iay 20. 1919, shows the following
articles sent to the Pacific Division: Hosiiital garments, 3.240; refugee garments.



136 HISTORY OF ORANGE COUNTY

267: knitted articles, 2,696; surgical dressings, 31,396; miscellaneous articles,
1,083.

Junior Red Cross Report

The Juniors of Anaheim Chapter made and sent to the Pacific Division head-
quarters 389 knitted articles and 524 miscellaneous articles.

One thousand two hundred twenty-five garments were collected and made
over into refugee garments. Since March 1, 1919, 150 refugee garments have
been sent in and girls were working on 15 men's pajamas, 15 girl's petticoats, about
20 knitted garments, to be fini.shed before June 1st.

Mr. J. A. Clayes, treasurer *of the Juniors, reports the following financial
condition :
Memberships, Salvage and Entertainments and Balance on

hand, July 1, 1918 $ 335.38

Receipts since July 1, 1918 101.40

$ 436.78

Expenditures, Materials 193.48

On hand. May 1, 1919 $ 243.30

There are twelve schools represented : ten public, two parochial.

Report of Grammar School Juniors

About 1,500 garments were sent to French and Belgian refugees. Many of
these were in good condition, others were mended or made over by pupils.

About 250 pounds of castor beans and 100 pounds of fruit pits were col-
lected. Tinfoil, rags, rubber, etc., were collected and sold for about $300. Three
hundred sixty-five glasses of jam and jellies were shipped to Camp Kearnv Ma\'
19, 1919.

FuUerton Chapter of Red Cross

Following is a synopsis of the secretary's report of the Fullerton Chapter of
the American Red Cross : This chapter was organized February 19, 1917, and
included all of the territory in Orange County north of Anaheim, classified as one
branch at La Habra and seven auxiliaries located at Brea. Buena Park, Pla-
centia. West Orangethorpe. East Orangethorpe. Olinda and Yorba I.inda.

The officers of the chapter from the beginning were as follows: Chairman.
J. R. Carhart, from February 19. 1917, to October 24, 1917; vice-chairman.
Waldo O'Kelly from October 24, 1917, to October 25. 1918; G. W. Finch from
October 25, 1918, until next election; secretary, Mrs. E. I. Fuller from Februarv
19. 1917, until April 1. 1918; Mrs. Ruth Talmadge from April 1, 1918, until
October 1, 1918; Mrs. Helen Carhart from October 1, 1918. until next election:
treasurer, E. K. Benchley from February 19, 1917. to October 25. 1918; T. Ead-
ington from October 25, 1918, until next election.

There is also a board of directors and an executive committee of such board :
otherwise the chapter is conducted along lines laid down in the charts sent out
by the National Headquarters, with committees appointed for the departments
specified in the charts.

A record of the work done is kept in the rooms of the Red Cross in the shape
of production sheets and shipping receipts. The surgical dressing department
made 82,043 surgical dressings. The garment department shipped 2,781 gar-
ments and 4,000 knitted articles. The chapter doubled its quota in the first drive
for second-hand clothing: but in the second drive it was not so fortunate. In
the first war-fund drive the chapter's quota of $10,000 was oversubscribed $2,000
and in the second drive its quota of $15,000 was oversubscribed more than $5,000.
The two membership drives ran the membership up to over 3,000. A canteen
service was organized in Fullerton with Mrs. J. B. Reeve as captain from August,



HISTORY OF ORANGE COUNTY 137

1918, until Januar)' 1. 1919, when Mrs. C. \V. Crandall took charge and continued
during demobilization. This department served about 500 meals each month
during its organization to the returning soldiers.

For nearly a year the chapter was able to get quarters rent free ; after Janu-
ary 31, 1918, it had to pay $25 a month for quarters in the Schumacher Build-
ing. The services of all officers have been donated, except about nine months of
Mrs. Fuller's time as secretary, for which $75 per month was paid. All other
work was donated, so that practically all the funds raised went for relief purposes.

The civilian relief work was under the supervision of Rev. Clark H. Marsh
until May, 1918, when he was called overseas to Y. M. C. A. work, since which
time Miss Dean has been in charge of that important committee. -

Orange Chapter of Red Cross

'J'he Orange Chapter of the Red Cross was organized as a branch of the Los
.A.ngeles Chapter in April, 1917. It closed May 26, 1919, with 2,217 members.
In the menn'ime it accomplished the following amount of work: Hospital gar-
ments, 2,955; miscellaneous articles, 1,307; refugee garments, 8,600; surgical
dressings, 102,038; pairs of knitted socks, 5,564; other articles, 2,284.

Tre.vsurer's Report

RECEIPTS

Donations and Entertainments $ 3.599.33

Pledge Cards 3,707.50

Gift Table Sales 542.70

Dues and Other Receipts 9,341.55

Total Receipts $17,101.08

DISBURSEMENTS . •

Running Expenses, 25 months, at $19.38 $ 484.50 '

?klaterials and Other Disbursements 14,702.24

Total Disbursements $15,186.74

Balance with the L. A. Chapter $ 2,004.34

The following garments were made by different communities, clubs, etc^
Lutheran League of Olive, 148 ; Wednesday Embroidery Club, 203 ; Woman's
Club, 261; ?^Irs. Bathgate. Villa Park, 396; Mrs. Lord. Villa Park, 1,145; Lu-
theran League, 1,049; Olive Entre Nous Club, 86; P. E. O. Society, 102;
\\'oman's Republic, 174; El Modena Needlecraft, 745; ^lethodist Bible Class,
20 ; Intermediate School, 67 ; I'aptist ."Md Society, 54 ; Orange Union High School,
81 ; Birthday Club, 8 ; McPherson Thimble Club. 278. Total garments by auxil-
iaries, 4,817. Balance bv central societ\', 8,045. Total garments by chapter
12,862.

A long list of persons followed to whom certificates were awarded bv the
Los .Angeles Chapter of the Retl Cross for faithful work.

The report closed with the acknowledgment of the many favors extended tq>
the chapter and the return of thanks for the same.

Outside of and in addition to the work of the Orange Chapter of the Red
Cross, the Orange Ll^nion high school raised about $1,600 for a hospital ambu-
lance. The original plan was to send an .\merican-made ambulance over to
France, but, on account of the difficulty of transportation, the money was sent
instead and was invested in an ambulance of French manufacture.

Any record of the Orange Red Cross would be incomplete which did not
make honorable and reverent mention of its president, Mrs. Carolyn M, Porter,
wife of J. R. Porter, who by patriotic devotion to the duties of her office short-
ened the term of her life, death occurring June 6, 1^)10.



■138 HISTORY OF ORANGE COUNTY

t Santa Ana Chapter of Red Cross

The Santa Ana Chapter of the American Red Cross contributed the follow-
ing amounts of relief during the war :

Contributions Quota Collected

;First ^^'ar Fund $15,000 $25,143

Second War Fund 22,500 35,378

.. Total War Funds $37,500 $60,521

• Pounds of Clothing for Quota Collected

Belgian Relief 1.500 8,230

Drive in 1919 4,000 5,500

Total Amount of Clothing 5,500 13,730

Garments made, 16.950; garments knitted, 16,799; surgical dressings made,
166,239.

Aside from war funds, the chapter raised about $25,000. Red Cross dining
room and shop made $5,700.

The chapter carried on numerous activities, such as aid for the helpless
during the influenza epidemic, home service work in which a separate office and
department were maintained.

The Junior Red Cross of Santa Ana Chapter was recognized by Red Cross
Division headquarters as without a superior on the Pacific Coast. Through its
thirty-three schools, the Juniors invested $146,090.04 in war securities, raised
$3,679 for Belgian and French orphans, $4,690.50 for Junior Red Cross work,
$820.31 for Armenian relief, $3,127.50 for the I'nited \\'ar Work fund, making
total donations of $12,955.75 ; collected 2,272 new garments for foreign and home
relief work and got together 27,435 used garments for foreign work and 3,776 for
home relief, over 600 quilts, 41 afghans, made 1,680 new garments and 325 knitted
garments, made 2)2 layettes, provided 180 sheets, 343 bath towels, 426 hand towels
and 201 napkins, 717 handkerchiefs, 518 wash cloths, 2>7 treasure bags, 295 prop-
erty bags, and various other articles, totaling about 1,000.

The officers of the Santa .Ana Chapter of the .American Red Cross are as
.follows: T. E. Stephenson, chairman; Mrs. A. J. Crookshank, vice-chairman;
Fred Rafferty, secretary ; Harry L. Hanson, treasurer.

The board of directors consists of twenty-two members and the work was
apportioned among nine departments or committees.

Salvation Army's Report

The relief work of the Salvation .\rmy in Orange County was as follows:
Xn May, 1918, $628.82 was raised for a war service ambulance. In August, 1918,
$10,000 was collected in the county for Salvation Army war work.
. ■ In the United \\'ar Campaign the national allotment to the Salvation .Army
was $3,500,000; but how much should be credited to Orange County is not known.
In Alarch, 1919, $8,100 was raised in the county for the Salvation .\rmy's home
service work.



HISTORY OF ORANGE COUNTY 139

CHAPTER XXIV

A CHAPTER OF TRAGEDIES

The Killing of Sheriff Barton and the Capture of His Slayers

By J. E. Pleasants

In ihe year 1855 a team of horses was stolen from the i lardy brothers in
Los Angeles, and the thief, Juan Flores, was captured, tried and sentenced to
ten }ears in the penitentiary.

The Hardy brothers, who were living on a i)art of the William Wolf skill
place, were owners of several good draft as well as riding horses. They were
doing considerable freighting, the business requiring good stock, and this class
of animals was of great value. Their riding horses were of the native stock,
but were selected for their speed and endurance, as they were often used to run
races.

In the above-named year, one Juan Flores and a companion stole one nf
these freighting teams and probably intended to make for the Me.xican border
and sell the horses. Both Flores and his companion were captured and. after a
trial, each was sentenced to ten years in prison.

Two years after the event of the stealing took jilace one of the Hanhs had
a load of freight to haul from Los Angeles to San Juan Capistrano. He made
the trip without mishap and, arriving at his destination during the forenoon, deliv-
ered his goods, and put his horses in a corral and fed them ; this done, he started
out to see the town. A few hours later, as he returned to look after his animals
in the corral, he noticed several men looking at them ; the nearer he approached
he thought he recognized Juan Flores among the number ; this did not seem pos-
sible, for he remembered it had been but two years since the episode of his having
his horses stolen by him and he had received a ten-year sentence. Observing the
approach of Plardy the men went away and the matter was forgotten by ITardy
for the time.

It so happened that there was a Mexican woman in an adobe building
adjoining the corral who had overheard the conversation of the men who were
looking at the horses, and recognized Flores among them by his remarks, which
were to the effect that the horses in question were the same that he had stolen
and received his ten-year sentence for, and it was now a chance for him to get
even by waylaying Hardy the next day \vhen he was on his way home, kill him,
and take the team to ^Mexico. His companions, looking upon him as the leader,
consented to the plan. This talk frightened the woman and she did not know
what to do, for if it were known that she had overheard the conversation her
own life would be in danger, and at the same time she did not want to have
Hardy murdered. Finally she went to Don Juan Forster, who was a medium
through which many of the natives settled their differences, and related the con-
versation as she had overheard it. It did not take Don Forster long to decide
upon a plan of action. He found Flardy, told him the circumstances, but told
him to keep (|uiet about it and that he would send a runner out that night to
notify the sheriff in Los Angeles to come out and capture the bandit. The runner
was sent to inform Sheriff Barton, who immediately made arrangements to frus-
trate the plans of Flores and capture all of the bandits if possible.

The sheriff' notified Hardy's two brothers, one of whom selected his best
saddle horse and, after arming himself, joined the sheriff' and his three deputies,
all starting for Capistrano. Sheriff Barton was a typical frontiersman and had
seen many desperadoes, and knew how to handle them. However, he took the
precaution to make his will before he started out. Each man was armed with
a double barreled shot gun and revolvers. They reached Carpenter's ranch and
stopped there for dinner. That night they camped by the Santa .\iia River, but
the next morning were on the road very early and the ranch of Don Jose Seiiul-



140 HISTORY OF ORANGE COUNTY

veda was reached for breakfast. On the road the party came up with a French-
man riding a mule ; he stated he was on his way to San Diego and no objection
was made to his joining their party. When the men went into the house for their
breakfast they stacked their guns on the porch, and these were viewed with
some curiosity by the hangers-on about the ranch. Breakfast over, the sheriff
and his men came out, took up their guns without examining them, mounted
their horses and resumed their journey towards San Juan Capistrano. At a
point about midway from the Sepulveda ranch and San Juan some men, twelve
or fifteen in number, were seen by the sheriff, who was riding in advance of
his deputies, they being strung out along the road, with Hardy and the French-
man on his mule, quite a distance in the rear. As soon as the men saw the
sheriff they called to him not to fire upon them as they were friends. They came
up rapidly and as they were near enough, fired, and with deadly effect, for the
sheriff and his three deputies, after emptying their guns with no apparent effect,
fell dead in their tracks. As soon as Hardy heard the firing he rode rapidly
to the scene ; as he approached he saw the sheriff and his men lying in a heap
together, dead. He thought he could do nothing alone, and, wheeling his horse,
rode swiftly back towards Los Angeles. His fleet horse soon took him away
from the bandits, who overtook the Frenchman, but did not molest him in any
way, as they were after Hardy. It was fortunate that he had chosen their fastest
horse, for the bandits soon gave up the chase.

Reaching Los Angeles, he told the news of the killing of the sheriff" and his
men, and soon a party was being organized to go in search of the murderers.



Online LibrarySamuel ArmorHistory of Orange County, California : with biographical sketches of the leading men and women of the county who have been identified with its earliest growth and development from the early days to the present → online text (page 17 of 191)