Samuel Armor.

History of Orange County, California : with biographical sketches of the leading men and women of the county who have been identified with its earliest growth and development from the early days to the present online

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Online LibrarySamuel ArmorHistory of Orange County, California : with biographical sketches of the leading men and women of the county who have been identified with its earliest growth and development from the early days to the present → online text (page 3 of 191)
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Tournat, George 1327

Toussau, Simon 874

Towner. H. Fred 1227

Townsend, Stephen 589

Tralle, George Markham, M.D 1624

Trapp, Alfred 1585

Trapp, Roy D 865

Trapp. William 1099

Travis. Zoraida B 320

Tremain, Lyman and Mabel Vance 1142

Treulieb, Charles 1332

Treydte, Paul 857

Trickey, Arthur L 1559

Triekey, Jasper N 1275

Tubbs, John W 1521

Tubbs, W. Lester 1014

Tubbs, Volney V 987

Tucker. Simeon 352

Tuffree, Col. J. K 400

Tuffree, S. James 400

Turck, Erail R 786

Turner. James Andrew 437

Tuthill. Robert G 1574


Utt, C. E 1305

Ulrich. Frank 1331

Utter. John W.. M.D 1669

Utz. John 1313


Vail. A. \' 1035

Valenti. J 1454

Vanderburg, Clarence R 1525

X'aughan, Leonard 801

Vaughan. Mrs. Martha M. S 802

Velasco. lose Francisco 1193

Vincent, Roy K 953

Violett, C. C, M.D 112

Volberding, Fred T 946

Vollmer, Joseph F 899


W agncr, Frederic Joseph 1144

Wagner, John K 1511"

Wagner, Joseph E 150S

Wahlberg, Harold Edward 1306

Walker, Arthur Frank 891

Walker, ilrs. Bella J 1400

Waller, William 1 102S

Wallop, William T 1386

Walter, Scott R 1496

Walters, Henry 1623

Walton, Frank W 1058

Walton, John Franklin 1503

Ward, John M 963

Wardlow, Robert 1104

Wardwell, George W 1624

Ware, Edward G 649

Warne, John H 1287

Warne, Riley 1! 1375

Warren, Leroy A 1655

Wasser, Wilbur W 1550

Watson, Errol Trafford 1216

Watson, Harold Arlington 1203

Watson, Jonathan 384

Watson, Jlrs. Sarah Amanda 612

Weaver. Mrs. C. Ella 1521

Wehrly. John. M.D 460

Wcisel. Fred H 839

Weisel, Hans Victor 1400

Weitbrecht, Robert B 933

Welch, Thomas B 1537

Wells, George W 866

Wells, Lewis Tuttle 634

Wendt, William 277

Wersel, George N 1177

Wessler, Ferdinand H 1070

West, Arthur 774

West, Eldo R 1438

West, Henry 671

West, Hon. Z. B 333

Weston, Thomas S 1668

Wettlin, David G 697

Whedon, James T 828

Whippo, Samuel W 1437

Whitacre, Walter E 1423

Whitaker, James H., 1448

Whitney. .Miss Justine 546

Wickersheim, William J 482

Wickett, William H., M.I) 515

Wilher. Harry Lee 1503

Wiley. Robert J niO

Wilkin^, liar.. 1. 1 1... \-.S 1447

W illianis. .\lln Tl C 664

Williams, Harry \' 144s

William.s Lsaac R 244

Williams, J. C 1646

Williams, Thomas J 261

Williamson, Samuel S 1084

Wilson, Foster E., M.D 1074

Wilson, George P 1327

Wilson, Robert ]63i

Wilson, Thomas James 1271

Wilson, William 444

W'il-son, William Oscar 1095

Wine, John M 1103

Winters, Henry 873

Winters, John 971

Winters, William Franklin 1322

Witman, Henry W 1279

Witt, Henry I) 1559

Wolff, Kadja V 937

Wood, Albert William I6I4

Wood, Wayland 1 023

Woodington, Harry 510

Woodworth, J. ^I 1351

Wray, Newton E 1665

Wray, Walter ii73

Wright, George L 664

Wright, Mary E., D.0 1504


Vaeger, Jliss Lillian E 1 132

Yandeau, Frederick P 1 577

Yoch, Joseph 886

Vorba, Mrs. Erolinda 280

Vorba, Vicente G 1444

York, William 1 T224

Yost, William R 684

Yount, Henry 736

Yriarte. Felix ]610

Yriarte, P.atricio 317


Zaiser, Harry V... M.D 861

Ziegler, John V. 953





The state of California was created out of territory ceded to the United
States by Mexico in the year 1848. It was admitted into the Union as a free
state in 1850, with a population of 92,597. This population was located in a few
little cities, with a small portion in the mining camps and scattered over the graz-
ing lands adjacent to the water courses. The style of government inherited from
Mexico might be characterized as feudal or patriarchal, each city or pueblo
and the adjoining territory being governed by an alcalde or other officer appointed
by the [Mexican government. When the state was formed each of the -p/incipal
towns with its tributary territory was created into a county; but, on arcQunt of
the towns being far apart and the intervening territory sparsely settled,' the area
of the first counties was large and the population small. As the country settled
up and other centers of population were formed efforts were made froiii time
to time to form new counties by cutting off portions of the old ones; some of
these efforts were successful and others failed.

With the growth of the communities in the southeastern part of Los Angeles
County there sprang up the desire for a smaller county with a county seat nearer
home. This feeling grew apace until finally an appeal was made to the legislature
of 1889 for autonomy. The city of Santa Ana, which had outgrown the other
cities in the proposed new county, took the lead in the struggle for county division.
A lobby was maintained at Sacramento all winter at considerable expense, without
being able to overcome the influence of Los Angeles against the bill for the new
county. This bill was entitled "An Act to Create the County of Orange," the
name Orange being selected partly on its own merits and partly to conciliate the
city of that name, which also aspired to be county seat. Finally, late in the ses-
sion, W'. H. Spurgeon and James [McFadden took up the matter in the legislature
with better success. They found some members who were friendly to their project
and others who were hostile to Los Angeles. There are sometimes a few members
of the legislature who are looking for "Col. IMazuma" to come to the help or
hindrance of much-desired legislation. Because the rich county of Los Angeles
would not distribute a large defense fund among such members, they turned
against that county. Then, too, San Francisco had begun to recognize in Los An-
geles a possible rival, and was glad of the opportunity to deprive her of some of
her territory. These various interests and antagonisms were so skilfully handled
that the bill passed the legislature and was signed bv Governor Waterman, March

The struggle was then transferred to the territory involved. The first ste])
in the formation of the new county was the appointment by the governor of a
board of five commissioners to direct the work of organization. Following are
the men who were appointed on this commission : T- W'. Towner, of Santa Ana ;
J. H. Kelloni, of Tustin ; A. Cauldwell, of Orange; W'. M. McFadden, of Pla-


centia ; and R. O. Wickham, of Garden Grove. The commission organized March
22, by'electing T- W. Towner president and R. Q. Wickham secretary.

An election was called for June 4th, to ratify or reject the action of the
legislature, as provided for in the organic act. This provision was inserted in
the bill to'answer the objection urged, that a majority of the people in the pro-
]wsed new county did not want to be set off from the old county. The most of
the opposition to county division was at Anaheim, the people of that place con-
tending that the line ought to have been located at the San Gabriel River instead
of at Coyote Creek. They thought that if more territory had been taken in
towards the west, Anaheim would have had a chance for the county seat; but
notwithstanding this opposition, the election was carried in favor of county divi-
sion by a vote of 2,509 to 500.

A second election was held on July 11, to decide the location of the counts-
seat and to select the county officers, who would serve until the ne.xt regular
election. Two cities contested for the county seat, Santa Ana and Orange. Ana-
■ heim, having no hope for herself, took little interest in the election ; in fact,
scores of people went to Los Angeles or elsewhere on election day to keep out
of the way of the campaign workers. Orange, being thus deprived of some of
the help she counted on, made rather a poor showing in the contest. On the other
hand, the city of Santa Ana was not able to equal its county seat vote for si.K
or eight years thereafter, notwithstanding it was growing all the time. The result
of the election for county seat was 1,729 votes for Santa Ana and 775 for Orange.

There were three tickets in the field for county officers ; a non-partisan ticket
in the interest of Santa Ana for county seat, a non-partisan ticket in the interest
of Orange for county seat, and a straight Republican ticket without reference to
the county seat. All of the candidates of the Santa Ana non-partisan ticket were
elected, e.xcept the candidate for supervisor of the Fourth District, who was
defeated by a margin of four votes by the candidate on the other two tickets. The
officers thus chosen were: Superior judge, J. W. Towner; district attorney, E. E.
Edwards ; county clerk, R. O. Wickham ; recorder and auditor, George E. Foster ;
sheriff and tax collecter, R. T. Harris ; treasurer, W. 15. \\'all ; assessor, Fred C.
Smythe; superintendent of schools, John P. Greeley; surveyor, S. O. \\'ood ;
coroner and public administrator, I. D. .Mills; sujjcrvisors : first district, W. H.
Spurgeon; second district, Jacob Ross; third district, Sheldon Littlefield, a hold-
over from Los Angeles; fourth district, Samuel .\rmor ; fifth district, A. Guy

The supervisors organized August 5, 1889, by the election of \\'. H. Spurgeon
as chairman of the board. Rooms for the county offices were furnished rent free
for two years in the Billings and Congdon Blocks on East Fourth Street, by the
residents in that vicinity. These rooms, with some changes, were retained b}-
the county at a moderate rental until the new court house was ready for occupancy.
'J'he boaril of supervisors held frequent meetings during the first few months,
getting the business of the new county properly started and adjusting the dift'er-
ences between the two counties. Los Angeles County resisted the separation in
many ways. Some of her citizens brought suit against the new county on the
ground that the organic act was unconstitutional, in that the legislature had dele-
gated its powers to the people of the new county to decide whether they wanted
county division or not. The supreme court sustained the constitutionality of the
act. Meantime the two boards of supervisors appointed commissioners to adjust
the differences between the counties and to determine the basis of settlement of
claims for and against the new county. The two commissioners selected for
Orange County were James JNIcFadden and Richard Egan. These men by their
shrewdness and tact secured a fair settlement with very little friction. The ques-
tion of which county should be charged with the money spent in the new county,
by the old, between 'the approval of the legislative act by the governor, March 11.
and the organization of the new county, August 5, was left to the courts to deter-
mine. This money included the cost of the long bridge over the Santa Ana River
at Olive, the expense of the justice courts, the care of the indigents and possibly


other expenditures on behalf of Orange County. The courts held that this burden
should be borne by the old county, since it voluntarily built the bridge after the
Orange County bill was approved and it was its duty to keep the local government
going until relieved by the new county.

The formative steps in the creation of Orange County having thus been nar-
rated, the next thing in order is to describe the county; giving its area, boun-
daries, topography and general characteristics. As previously indicated the county
was formed in the year 1889 by cutting off about forty miles in length from the
southeastern portion of Los Angeles County, giving the new county about that
length of coast line. The legislative act made Coyote Creek the dividing line
between the two counties ; but the surveyors commenced at the mouth of the
creek and located the county line on the property lines, jogging over from time
to time to keep near the channel, until they reached the southeast corner of
section 13, township 3 south, range 11 west. From that point the line was run
due north three miles to the township line and thence due east to the San Ber-
nardino County line. The rest of the boundary line of the new county was left
the same as that of the old county before division. The county is therefore
bounded on the west, northwest and north by Los Angeles County ; on the north
and northeast by San Bernardino County ; on the northeast and east by Riverside
County; on the southeast and south by San Diego County; and on the south,
southwest and west by the Pacific Ocean. i'l_'^'5G39

It is customary to speak of Orange County as one of the smallest counties
in the state : but there are nine counties with less territory, fortv-three with less
population and forty-three with a smaller assessed valuation. Its area is given
officially as 780 square miles; but the number of acres assessed (446,257) would
indicate only (f)7\'i square miles. However, there may be sufficient government
land within the county to make up the difference. Perhaps a third of this area
is hilly and mountainous, while the remainder is comparatively level.

There is very little timber on the southern and western slopes of mountains
exposed to many months of summer sun, like those in Orange County. Most
of their surface, however, is covered with chaparral, sage brush, mesquite, man-
zanita and other hardy shrubs, which, with the cactus, provide food and shelter
for considerable game and retard the run-off from the winter rains. In some
of the ravines — especially those with a northern exposure — there are clumps of
live oak trees ; while in the canyons, near the water courses, there are groves
of live oak, sycamore and other native trees of considerable size.

When the temperature cools off in the winter months, the mountains help
to condense the moisture in the atmosphere and thereby increase the precipitation ;
they also act as a catchment-basin to collect the rainfall and drain it into the
streams for use in the summer on the plains below. A considerable portion of
the mountains and hills is adapted to grazing and bee culture. The hills on
the north produce large quantities of oil, and oil has also been found under the
hills along the coast. The hills and mountains on the east abound in minerals
and precious metals. Here, too, are extensive beds of coal of a fair qualitv.

The valleys and plains, which make up the larger part of the county, have a
great variety of soils, among which may be mentioned the following: Adobe,
alkali, clay, gravel, loam, peat, sand and perhaps others. Some of these soils
are stronger than others, some are easier worked, some need irrigation and
others need drainage, and some will retain the heat from the sun longer. than
others. When the latter kind of soil is found on the higher parts of the mesa
near the foothills, it helps to make what is called "the frostless belt" in winter.
Thus certain localities are better adapted to certain products than others are.
For instance, the upper portion of the mesa near the foothills is suited to citrus
and other semi-tropic fruits and winter vegetables ; the lower portion of the
mesa, bordering on the damp land, is adapted to deciduous fruits and walnuts :
the damp land is favorable to the sugar b?et and dairying; the peat land is
almost synonymous with celery growing ; while, with irrigation wliere needed and


drainage where needed, all localities and kinds of soil are well adapted to general
farming. Hence, as a whole, Orange County is well qualified to produce in mer-
chantable quantities almost every kind of grain, grass, fruit, nut and vegetable
grown in the temperate zones as well as many kinds indigenous to the torrid zone.

When the United States acquired possession of California by the treaty of
Guadalupe Hidalgo between this government and Mexico in 1848, it was stii:>u-
lated in said treaty that ]\Iexicans in the territory acquired by the United States
should be allowed to retain their property in such territory or to dispose of it and
remove the proceeds at their option. Thus were the titles of the many large
ranchos, which were originally granted by Spain, confirmed to their owners,
who have since transferred them to their successors in interest. So far as
can be learned the following are the principal grants, beginning at the lower end
of the county :

Mission \'iejo or La Paz, containing 46,432.65 acres; Trabuco, confirmed
to Juan Forster and containing 22,184.47 acres; Boca de La Playa ; El Sobrante ;
Niguel ; Canada de Los Alisos, confirmed to Jose Serrano and containing 10,668.81
acres ; Lomas de Santiago, which is now included in the San Joaquin ; San
Joaquin,' of which 48,803.16 was confirmed to J. Sepulveda ; Santiago tie
Santa Ana, confirmed to B. Yorba et al. and containing 62,516.37 acres; Bolsa
Chico. confirmed to Joaquin Ruiz and containing 8,107.40 acres; Las Bolsas,
confirmed to Ramon Yorba et al. and containing 34.486.53 acres; part of Los
Alamitos, confirmed to Abel Stearns and containing 17,789.79 acres; part of
Los Coyotes, confirmed to A. Pico et al. and containing 56,979.72 acres ; San
Juan Cajon de Santa Ana, confirmed to B. Yorba et al. and containing 13,328.53
acres ; part of La Brea, confirmed to A. Pico et al. and containing all told
6,698.57 acres.

Many of these ranches have been subdivided and more or less of the acreage
sold ofif in small tracts to different people, thereby increasing the population and
settling up the county. Thus the ranch lines become indistinguishable from
other boundary lines and even the names of the ranchos are lost sight of, except
in the deeds transferring the property. There is still considerable room for the
work of subdivision to be done before the county will have reached the limit of
its capacity. In fact, the natural resources of Orange County are such that, if
properly developed, they will support a population of 500,000 people instead of
61,375, as reported in the last federal census.

There are nine incorporated cities in the county, viz., .\naheini. Brea,
Fullerton, Huntington Beach, Newport Beach, Orange, Santa Ana, Seal Beach
and Stanton. In addition to these nine cities there are about forty towns with
a varied number of residences and some business houses in each. Further along
in this work a chapter will be devoted to each of the incor]:)orated cities, while
the unincorporated towns will be grouped together in a single chapter.



State Senators, Thirty-ninth District

T. E. ]\IcCoM.\s, January 1, 1889 to January 1, 1893.
E. C. Seymour, January 1, 1893 to January 1, 1897.
Thomas L. Jon-Es, January 1, 1897 to January 1, 1901.
A. A. Caldwell, January 1, 1901 to January 1, 1905.
John N. Anderson, January 1, 1905 to January 1, 1900.
Miguel Estudillo, January 1, 1909 to January 1, 1913.
John N. Anderson, January 1, 1913 to January 1, 1917.
S. C. Evans, January 1, 191 7' to—

lilSTORV OF OKAXGF. C( )f\'rv

Assemblymen Seventy-sixth District

E. E. EnwARPS. January 1, 1889 to Januar.v 1, 1891.
A. Guv Smith, Janiiarv 1. 1891 to Januarv 1, 1893.
C. F. BKX.VI-TT, January 1, 1893 to January 1, 1895.

C. S. McKelvKY, January 1, 1895 to January 1, 1897.

H. W. Chynoweth, January 1, 1897 to January 1, 1901.

D. \V. Hasson, January 1. 1901 to January 1, 1903.

E. R. Amerige, January 1, 1903 to January 1, 1907.
Clyde Bishop, January 1, 1907 to January 1, 1909.
RiCH.\Rn AlELROSE, January 1, 1909 to January 1, 1911.
Clyde Bishop, January 1, 1911 to January 1, 1913.
Hans V. WeisEL, January 1, 1913 to January 1, 1915.
Joe C. Burke, January 1, 1915 to January 'l, 1919.
\\'alter Eden, January 1, 1919 to —

Superior Judges, Department 1

J. W". TowxER, August 1, 1889 to January 1, 1897.
T. \\". B.\llard, January 1, 1897 to January 1, 1903.
Z. B. West, January l,'l903 to-
Superior Judges, Department 2
\\'. H. Thomas. September 24, 1913 to January 1. 1910.
R. Y. Williams, January 1, 1919 to — "


R. T. H.\RRis, August 1, 1889 to January 1, 1891.
Theo. Lacy, January 1, 1891 to January 1, 1895.
J. C. Nichols, January 1, 1895 to January 1. 1899.
Theo. Lacy, January!, 1899 to January 1, 1911.
C. E. Ruddock, January 1, 1911 to January 1, 1915.

C. E. Jackson, January 1, 1915 to —

County Clerks

R. O. WiCKiiAM, August 1, 1889 to January 1. 1893.

D. T. Brock, January 1, 1893 to January 1, 1899.
\\'. A. Beckett, January 1, 1899 to January 1. 1903.
C. D. Lester, January 1, 1903 to January 1. 1907.

W. B. ^^'ILLIAMS, January 1, 1907 to September 11. 1917.
X. T. Edwards, September 11, 1917 to January 1. 1^19.
J. .M. Backs, January 1. 1919 to—


George E. Foster, August 1, 1889 to January 1, 1893.
\V. H. Bowers, January 1. 1893 to January 1, 1895.
W. M. Scott, January 'l, 1895 to January 1, 1903.
George E. Peters, January 1, 1903 to April 6. 1914.
J. M. Backs. AprillS, 1914 to January 1, 1915.
Justine \\'iiit\ey, January 1, 1915 to —


George E. Foster, 1, 1889 to January 1, 1801.
J. H. Hall, January 1, 1891 to January 1, 1007.
"C. D. Lester, January 1. 1907 to January 1, 1015.
W. C., January 1, 1915 to—

Tax Collectors

R. T. Harris, August 1. 1889 to January 1, 1891.
J. R. Porter, January 1, 1891 to" January 1, 1893.


R. L. Freeman, January 1, 1893 to January 1, 1899.
Fred M. Ror.ixsox, January 1, 18''9 to January 1, 1907.
J. C. Lamp,, January 1, 1907 to —

District Attorneys

E. E. Edwards, August 1, 1889 to January 1. 1891.

F. W. Saxeor.v, January 1, 1891 to January 1, 1893.

J. G. Scarborough, January 1, 1893 to January 1, 1895.

J. W. Ballard. January 1, 1895 to January 1, 1897.

Z. B. West, January 1, 1897 to January l,"l899.

R. Y. \\'iLLiAMS. January 1, 1899 to January 1, 1903.

H. C. Head. January 1. 1903 to January 1, 1907.

S. :\I. DAyis, January 1, 1907 to JanuarV 1, 1011.

L. A. ^^■EST. January 1, 1011 to—


\V. B .Wall, August 1, 1889 to January 1, 1891.
C. F. Mansur, January 1. 1891 to January 1. 1895.
R. T. Harris, January 1. 1895 to January 1. 1899.
J. C. JoPLiN, January 1, 1899 to January 'l, 1903.
\V. G. Potter. January 1, 1903 to January 1. 1907.
J. C. JoPLiN, January 1, 1907 to—

F. C. S.MVTHE, August 1. 1889 to January 1. 1891.
Jacoi! Ross, January 1. 1891 to January' 1. 1895.
Frank Vegly. January 1. 1895 to January 1. 1907.
W. M. Scott, January'l, 1907 to Noyember ?7. 1910.
D. y. Kelly, December 6, 1910 to January 1. 1911.
James SlEEpER, January 4, 1911 to —

School Superintendents
J. P. Greeley, August 1. 1889 to January 1, 1903.
J. B. Nichols, January 1, 1903 to" January 1, 1907.
\V. R. Carpenter. January 1. 1907 "to :\larch 3. 1908.
R. p. -AIitchell. ^larch 5'. 1908 to—


S. O. Wood, August 1, 1889 to January 1, 1891.
S. H. FinlEy. January 1, 1891 to January 1. 1895.
H. C. Kellogg. January 1. 1895 to January 1, 1899.
S. H. FiNLEY. January'l, 1899 to January 'l."l907.
C. R. ScHENCK. January 1, 1907 to Janua'ry 1. 1911.
J. L. AIcBride. January 1, 1911 to —

Coroners and Public Administrators
I. D. }iIiLLS, August 1, 1889 to January 1. 1891.
Frank Ey, January 1, 1891 to January 1, 1895.
George C. Clark, January 1. 1895 to January 1, 1903.
George S. Smith. January 1, 1903 to January 1, 1911.
T. A. WiNP.iGLER, January 1, 1911 to January 1, 1919.
Charles D. Brown. January 1, 1919"to —

First Board of Supervisors

1st. Dist. \\'. H. Spurgeon, August 1, 1889 to January 1. 1891.
2d. Dist. Jacob Ross. August 1, 1889 to January 1, 1891.
3d. Dist. Sheldon LittlEField. August 1, 1889 to January 1, 1891.
4th. Dist. S.\MrEL Armor, August 1, 1889 to January 1. 1891.
5th. Dist. A. Guy Smith, August 1. 1889 to January 1. 1891.


Second Board of Supervisors

1st. Dist. TosRi'ii Yocii, lanuarv 1, 1891 to January 1, 1895.

2d. Dist. j. \\'. FIawkins, January 1, 1891 to January 1, 1895.

3d. Dist. Sheldon LittlEFiKld, January 1, 1891 to February 9, 1891.

3d. Dist. Louis Schorn, February 9, 1891 to January 1. 1895.

4th. Dist. Samuel Armor, January 1, 1891 to January 1. 1895.

5th. Dist. W. X. TEDFcRn, January 1. 1891 to January 1, 1895.

Third Board of Supervisors

1st. Dist. F. P. NiCKEv, January 1, 1895 to January 1, 1899.

2d. Dist. J. W. H.vwKiNS, January 1, 1895 to January 1. 1899.

3d. Dist. W. G. Potter, January 1, 1895 to January 1, 1899.

4th. Dist. Samuel .\rmor, January 1, 1895 to January 1. 1899.

5th. Dist. A. Guy Smith, JanuarV 1. 1895 to April 5. 1898.

5th. Dist. G. \\\ McCamit.ell. April 25, 1898 to January 1, 1899.

Fourth Board of Supervisors Dist. F. P. NiCKEv. January 1, 1899 to January 1. 1903.
2d. Dist. R. E. Larter, "January 1, 1899 to"january 1, 1903.

Online LibrarySamuel ArmorHistory of Orange County, California : with biographical sketches of the leading men and women of the county who have been identified with its earliest growth and development from the early days to the present → online text (page 3 of 191)