Samuel Harden.

Early life and times in Boone County, Indiana, giving an account of the early settlement of each locality, church histories, county and township officers from the first down to 1886 ... Biographical sketches of some of the prominent men and women ... online

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Online LibrarySamuel HardenEarly life and times in Boone County, Indiana, giving an account of the early settlement of each locality, church histories, county and township officers from the first down to 1886 ... Biographical sketches of some of the prominent men and women ... → online text (page 27 of 38)
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resides at Thorntown, Ind. ; Susan, married to ^lartin A"an-
tyle, resides near Kirkland ; Amanda, married to William
Starks, died at Lafayette, Ind., June 7, 187G ; Emma, married
to David Henry, resides in Lebanon ; Thomas M. lives at
home; Annie, married to Jacob Wills, resides near "Pike's
Crossing;" Judah, Minnie, Samuel J. and John died in in-
fancy. Mr. Metcalf is a real Kentuckian. It was our good
luck to call at his hospitable home during the canvass for this
work, and was kindly entertained by this good family.


Was born in Montgomery County, Ind., August 30, 1839.
Was married to Caroline Varner December 7, 1859. Two
■children were born to them — Mary J., born December 17,
1867, married to Ambrose C. Smith; Roda L., born January
11, 1879. Mr. Martin was married the second time to Ella
C. Smith January 13, 187G. Childrens' names by this mar-
riage: Clara D., born October 3, 1876; Ella A., born Octo-
ber 29, 1879; James E., born September 18, 1881; John R.,
born September 10, 1883. One child died in infancy, March
29, 1886. Mrs. Martin was born in Putnam County, Ind.,
December 17, 1853. Mr. Martin's first wife died June 25,
1874, and is Iniried in Finley Cemetery in Montgomery
County. James ]\I. ^NFartin and his present wife belong to
the ]M. E. Church. Mr. Martin is one of the solid men of
Boone; owns 500 acres of choice land in Jackson Township,
eight miles southwest of Lebanon and five miles northeast of
Jamestown. He has splondul buildings, and everything


denotes thrift and good husbandry. He began life a poor
vouug man, determined to succeed in life, and he has done so
to a great degree. He is among the wealthy men of the
county. In his " make-up " he is social, foiul of company.
and enjoys life. See his portrait in another part of this work.
Mr. Martin is engaged in stock raising and dealing ex-


This old pioneer first looked out on this world August 8,
1824. He was born in Nicholas County, Ky. He fir?t
removed from that state when a boy of nine years. Lived in
Decatur County, Ind., till 183-i, when he became a citizen of
this county, where he has ever since resided, first settling in
Clinton Township. ^Slr. McDonald was married to Elizabeth
Perkins, daughter of Jesse Perkins, one of the pioneers of
Boone County. This marriage occurred April 15, 1847. The
following are their children's names : John R., married to
Eliza Turner ; Charlotte, married to Joseph Kersey, of Wash-
ington Township ; Hugh, married to Mary Lindley ; Mary
A., married to Peter Cox ; she is deceased, and buried in
Hopewell Cemetery, at the age of twenty-five years ; Robert
M., lives at home. Mr. and jlrs. Mc. are members of the
Presbyterian Church, at Hopewell. Mrs. ]\IcDonald was born
in Rush County, August 26, 1822. Her mother's name before
marriage was Charlotte Herndon. Mr. Mc.'s parents' names
were Hu!ih McDonald and Gizelier Rilev.


Mr. ^McLean was one of the early citizens of Boone County.
He was born November -10, 1805, in the state of Pennsylvania.
Married to Mariah Jones November 9, 1824, in Wayne County,
Ind., and came to this county in 1832. Mr. McLean was from
first to last a prominent man in the county, served as a mem-


ber of the constitutional convention in 1852, and other minor
offices. In person he was line looking, full six feet high, blue
eyes, fair complexion. Ho died December 19, 1870, and is
buried at Westport Cemetery in Laporte County, Ind. Mrs
Mcl^ean is yet living, a well preserved old lady, residing with
Washincrton Gibson in Jamestown. The following are the
names of William and ]\Iariah McLean's children: James
W., resides in Kansas; Samuel R., killed at Fort Gibson;
William C, died in hospital in Gallatin, Tenn.; Margaret J.,
married to G. W. Gibson, resides in Jamestown ; Mary E.,
married to E. Clemens, resides in Illinois; Sarah E., married
to D. Piersol (deceased), buried in Laporte County, Ind.; Anna
M., married to Brice Huston, resides in Chicago; Emily D.,
married to Jiles Cochran, resides in Wabash County, Ind.
Mrs. McLean was born in Green County, Tenn., April 3, 1809.


Was born in Pennsylvania; married to !Mary Smith. Came
to Boone County in the year ISol, and settled in Jack.-on
Township near the Montgomery County line. Tvlr. McLean
served several years as probate judge for Boone County with
credit to all. He died in 1862, and is buried at Mt. Zion
Cemetery in Jackson Township. Mrs. McLean died in 18(34,
and is buried at the same cemetery. In person Mr. McLean
was a large, fine looking man, fair complexion and light hair,
weighing nearlv 200 pounds. John and -James McLean, grand-
son.^, residc'in Jackson Township; both are substantial farm-
ers and citizens of the county. Their father's name was
Charles .McLean. He died in Xovember, 1834, and is buried
at the Porter Cemeterv.



This old, highly esteemed pioneer was born in Pennsyl-
vania in 1787; married to Elizabeth Cunningham (who \va^
born in Kentucky, 1793), in the state of Kentucky, about the
vear 1811, Came to Boone County in 1833, where Mr. ]\Ic-
Cann enter IGO acres of land, part of which is now owned by
his son William, in Center Township. Mr. ]N[cCann was
elected county recorder in 1842. Served about ten years to
the great satisfaction of all. He died in May, 1870; is buried.
at the Lebanon Cemetery. His wife died in July, 1883, and
is also buried at the same cemetery. Both Mr. and Mrs. Mc-
Cann were members of the Christian Church, and were de-
voted to the work of Christianity. Xo more worthy couple ever
lived in the county than they. Died highly esteemed by all
who were acquainted with them. The county and church in
their death lost two good citizens. The following are their
children's names: John P., resides in Center Township;
Robert C, resides in Jefferson six miles west of Lebanon ;
William G,, resides in Center ; Margaret (deceased); Xancy,
resides in Jefferson Township ; Mary, resides in Center Town-
ship, In person Mr, McCaun was of medium size, dark com-
plexion and hair.


Stephen Xeal, the seventh child of John and Priscilla
Neal, was born on the 11th of June, A. D., 1817, in Pittsyl-
vania County, State of Virginia. In the autumn of 1819
his father and family moved from Virginia to Bath County,
Ky. His father's occupation was farming, and the subject of
this sketch was trained in the pur-uit of farming until he was
eighteen years of age. His mother having died when he was
in his fifteenth year, his father thenceforth gave him his time.
Up to the time of his mother's death he had had only a few


months' selioolitig-, the father residing on a form remote from
school facilities, rhere then being no public school system in
Kentucky. However, the subject of this sketch at the age of
eight years had learned to read. The family's supply of books
was scant, consisting of a few elementary school books, a few
histories, biographies, and the bible. Our subject read and
diligently studied all of these ; and, as opportunity atforded,
he would borrow books from the neighbors. Among these
were the histories of Greece and Rome, Harvey's Meditations,
and Wesley's Notes on the Bible. Such was his early home
reading. He was an indefatigable student, though his school
privileges had been so very limited. In his sixteenth year he
went to reside with and labor for a neighbor by the name oi
John Rice, who had a fair supply of books, and with whom a
school teacher named Thomas Xelson also resided. This
teacher had a good library, and was a Latin and Greek scholar.
While residing in this family our subject availed himself of
the opportunity he then had, in reading in a promiscuous
manner. In his eighteenth year he left this family and entered
a country school, laboring of mornings, evenings and Satur-
days to pay his way M'hile attending school. In his nineteenth
year he attended the academy at Moorefield, Ky., which was
under the control of Prof. Henry T. Trimble, an educator
of much excellence, and a graduate of Transylvania Uni-
versity, Ky.

While in this academy our subject made a specialty of
studvintr the Latin and Greek languages: he attended this
school about one year, and was then employed to teach a coun-
try school near ]SIoore:ield, Ky.; here he tauglit one year, be-
ing a more diligent student than any of his scholars. In the
twenty-second year of his age he was married to Frances Ann,
daughter of William Atkinson. After this, he still continued
to teach school, but being unwilling to follow this occupaiion
for a life-time pursuit, he commenced the study of the law,
reading what time was not devoted to iiis school work. In
March, 1841, he went to the city of ]\Iadison, Ind., and con-











tinned his law studies in the law office of the Hon. Joseph G.
Marshall, who had a verv extensive law library. After studv-
ing here about one year, he returned to Carlisle, Ky., and
staid for a while in the law office of Wm. Xorvell, Esq.
Here he applied for a license to practice his profession, and
was examined as to his qualifications by Plon. Judge Keed, of
Maysville, and Judge Simpson, of Mount Sterling, Ky., and
by them he was licensed to practice law in all the courts of
that commonwealth. He was first admitted to the bar at Car-
lisle, Ky., and there he did his first legal practice. In the
autumn of 1843 he removed to Lebanon, Indiana, and resided
on a small farm one-half mile east of the town. In size,
Lebanon was then a village, surrrounded by swamps and
lagoons of water, and much of the county was then a native
wilderness. Here he resided on the faim until October, I80I,
at which date his wife died, and he broke up housekeeping.
Soon after coming to Lebanon in 1843 he entered into the
practice of the law, but the legal business here was then mostly
done by attorneys from Indianapolis, who came and attended
court during its terms. In what legal work Mr. Neal did, and
iu farming some, he managed to obtain a support. In August,
1846, he was elected from this, Boone County, a Representa-
tive to the state legislature, and again in August, 1847, he
was re-elected to the same office.

During this last named session of the legislature the im-
portant subject of a settlement of the state debt of Indiana
was pending. During the years 1841 to 1847 the state
had failed to pay even the interest on the state debt which had
been incurred in the internal improvement system of the state.
The debt then, on the outstanding bonds of the state, amounted
to about eighteen million dollars. The creditors of the state
were urgent for some adjustment of the debt. An able attt)r-
ney from Loudcm, England, representing the bondholders, vis-
ited that session of the legislature, urging the state to accept
the proposition which he made on behalf of the bondholders.


To this end, said attorney presented to the legislature a bill
known as the Butler bill, for the adjustment of the state debt.
Tliis bill was so craftily and plausibly devised as to mislead
and deceive all but the most skillful attorneys. It was put on
its passage in the house and passed by a vote of seventy ayes
against thirty nays. There was at that time a majority for it
in the senate. With only the thirty members in the house
opposed to it, and the minority in the the senate opposed to it,
there seemed but little hope of defeating it. Mr. Xeal co-op-
erated with the minority, and by management the minority of
the legislature defeated the Butler bill. But a detailed history
of how this was effected can not be given here. Suffice to say,
that the minority, in a bill which they had prepared, offered to
transfer to the bondholders the Wabash and Erie Canal, and
all its appurtenances and lands donated to construct it, for one-
half of the state debt, and to issue new bonds for the other
half, which Avas finally accepted by the bondholders. This
.was a measure of great importance to the state.

At this session Mr. Neal was active in urging the adoption
of a homestead law; he wrote an able article on this subject,
which was first published in the Indianapolis Sentinel and
afterwards in the other papers ; and so prepared the way that
at the next session of the legislature a homestead la^v was
enacted. Mr. Xeal also introduced a joint resolution into the
legislature prohibiting the legislature from granting divorces
by legislative action. This resolution passed, and from that
day to the present, the legislature has never granted another
divorce. Mr. NeaFs position was, that granting divorces
belonged to the judicial department of the government, and
not to the legislative department. This measure has since
become a part of the state constitution. At the same session,
Mr. Neal urged the adoj)tion of a resolution instructing our
senators and requesting our representatives in congress to
adopt "the Wilmot proviso" forever iuliibitiug slavery in all
the free territories. Mr. Xeal had been educated in the Jef-
fersonian theory of government, and was elected on both


occasions as a Jetlersonian Democrat. In 1848 he co-operated
with the free soil movement to inhibit the extension of slavery
in the free territories of the United States. And when the
Republican party was organized in 1856 he became an active
worker in that })arty, and when the war of rebellion came in
1861 he acted with the union party, though on account of ill
health he did not enter the military service. At that time he
was partly paralyzed by neuralgia in his face and right arm.
After the war had ended he i^till acted with the Republican
party, until after the measures of reconstruction had been
ado{)ted and fixed in the constitution of the national govern-
ment. As a means of reconstruction on a fixed basis, he pre-
pared and advised the adoption of the fourteenth amendment,
being the originator of that amendment to the constitution of the
United States, which was recommended by the action of con-
gress in June, 1866, and ratified by three-fourths of the state
legislatures soon after, and became a part of the constitution.
Since the measures of reconstruction were consummated, he
ceased to take any active part in political affairs, and has been
regarded as a non-partisan. In 1878 he wrote several able
articles in favor of a well regulated greenback, or full legal
tender national currency; hence, he was by some called a
Greenback partisan. But he never favored the extreme meas-
ures of that party in its early days. He has taken no active
part as a partisan since the adopti(Hi of the measures of
national reconstruction. During the years that he took an
active part in politics, he wrote extensively for different lead-
ing new-papers, but most of his writings were published

In November, 1857, he married for his second wife Miss
Clara, daughter of Charles Davis, E-q , and by her had born
to him five sons and two daughters, of which children four
sons and one daughter are yet living, their mother having died
March 4, 1879. In May, 1880, he was married to ]Mrs. Laura
A., widow of George Kernodle, deceased, and by her he has
had one dautrhter and one son.


In the year 1856 the celebrated phrenologist. Professor () .
S. Fowler, of New York, delineated ^Iv. Xeal's characteristic-
as follows. He said : "^ Your constitution is first best — yo'.i
are the toughest, hardiest, most enduring of men ; can wcai
through what would break down ninety-nine men in every
one hundred. Such ability to learn and accomplish does not
often come under my hands. You do not know how much
yoii can do, if you simply observe the health conditions. Your
functions work easily, like a machine well lubricated, so tliat
you expend but little energy — that is, all work easily right up
to the very mark. Your proclivities run altogether in the
line of intellect; they also run strongly in that of moral, and
hence you might anil perliaps should have made a minister,
though you are not now as faithful to creeds as you once v/ere,
for you are doing your own thinking; yet the religious senti-
ment grows. You are a natural theologian, but you love re-
ligion discussed from the natural standpoint quite as well as
the biblical; are a real reformer — a true lover of your race,
and interested in whatever promises good to man ; plenty be-
nevolent enough, perhaps too much so; are unable to witness
or cause pain or death, even to animals; woidd make a good
criminal lawyer, fov you would do the best you could to miti-
,gate the punishment of your client ; have an excellent talent
for the practice of the law — are better adapted ro that vocaiion
than any other, except that you are a little too good and have
not fight enough, so associate yourself with one more pugna-
cious; you are a little too good for your own good — will ofit-n
settle difiiculties rather than to litigate them. You enjoy tiie
universal esteem of all who J:noru you; are one of the most
friendly men ; are every way popular, but destined to become
more so, for you make friends of all you meet. You enjoy
unlimited confidence ; are able to pass from thing to thing
readily; have a fair appetite to eat, but do not live to eat;
have a fair love of money, but do not live to get rich — infin-
itely prefer honor to money; are Ix'coming more shrewd and
politic of late tl'.an fornKM'Iy, yet naturally candid; are very



cautious and leave no stone unturned in aeeomplishing ends —
are in fact too cautious, yet extremely stable when your mind
is made up; are wanting in self-esteem — too apt to feel un-
Avorthy and hang ba<'k ; are too diffident — need hra^s, sir,
more than anythins; else. You are the personitication of
honor, and honorable; perfectly just, even too scrupulous;
are a dear lover of nature, her beauty, her perfections; have
only fair mirth, and evince it more in argument than anything
else; excel in arguing by ridicule; an accurate eye; a great
deal of method — are good in figures and a natural scholar, and
capable of excelling in all the natural sciences. You are un-
commonly v>-ell informed, and have one of the best memories
that come under ray hands; are a splendid writer, and v.-ould
makf,' as good an editor as there is. I recommend you to try
M-riting for the press ; would draw up good reports, resolu-
tions, etc., and make a first-rate wheel horse in any conven-
tion — in fact, anywhere; use beautiful language, and every
Avord in its place, and the very word, though not as flippantly
as correct; are very discriminating, original, and will state
your points so that everybody accedes to them." Such are the
vrords of Professor Fowler. Those who are Avell and inti-
mately acquainted with Mr. Xeal can judge how exactly the
foregoing language corresponds witli his characteristics, hence
we submit what Professor Fowder has said of him.

In religion, Mr. Neal is a member of the Church of Christ.
His father and mother, and his first father-in-law and mother-
in-law were Calvinistic or Predestinerian Baptists, hence his
early religious impressions were under the influence of that
dogma, which in earlv life came well-nigh carrying him into
the opposite extreme of Universal ism ; but after a careful and
thorough consideration of these two theories, he discarded
both as contrary to the revelation of God in the Word. After
this, however, for a number of years he remained within the
confusing clouds of j)artisan and uuscriptural theories, much
of which to" him seemed not in harmonv with divine revela-


tion. He had never liad anv d(.)iihts that the holv bible con- \


tains the divinely inspired revelation of God to man. In the ';

years of 1849-'50 he attended the meetings of a small band \

of the Disciples of Christ, which held their meetings in
Lebanon, and at these meetings he learned that they took the
bible as their " onlu fr^nde in religions faith and practice," :.

discarding all men-made creeds. This position met his liearty ;-

approval. So, in June, 1851, while the beloved Thomas
Lockhart was holdins; a meetino- he united with this band of
disciples, known as the congregation of the Church of Christy '

at Lebanon. Being a ready and fluent speaker, he was urged
to take part in the public exercises and labors of the congre- ;

gation, and he did so heartily. His labors in " the word and
doctrine" showed that he had made the holy scriptures a
careful study, and hence were acceptable to the church. In
February, 1852, he was, by the action of the church, ordained
and licensed to preach "The Word," the gospel; and during
the next three years he devoted his whole time to the ministry ;
traveled, and visited, and preached in Indiana, Illinois and
Iowa, besides laboring regularly, for a time, for several con-
gregations, having been employed by the church at Frankfort,
Ind. ; at Christian Chapel, near Ladoga; also, at the church
near Colfax, and at the church near Kirklin, and at Weah
Prairie. But, being poor, and not receiving sufficient financial
support, he had (sad as it was for him) to resume the law
practice for a maintenance ; but he still continued, as opj)or-
tunity offered, to labor more or less in the word and doctrine,
in the church mostlv at tlie Lebanon conscresration. And after
resuming the law })ractice, and while so engaged, he has never
sought "or received any pecuniary compensation for his labors
in the church services. In religion, he has studiously avoided
being " sensational," and, though some of his sermons have
been published in the religious publications, and highly com-
mended, they were, by his request, published anonymously;
and so, also, most of his poetic and literary productions



have been published anonymously; because he was careful
to avoid notoriety. From 1843 to the present time he has
been a resident of Boone County, Indiana, except about two
years, from 1883 to 1885, he resided in the state of Iowa.
He is emphatically a self-made man. His life has been
one of great labor — constant and incessant industry; as an
indefatigable student, his reading has been extensive and
varied. In jurisprudence, in the sciences, in theology, in
history, in the classics, in poetry, his reading has been incal-
culable. It seems that to study and to think was to him as
natural as to breathe. Idleness found no place with him. In
the judicial forum, in the halls of legislation, in the church,
he has been unobtrusive, carefully avoiding attracting atten-
tion, and, as far as practicable, seeking no public notoriety,
but carefully seeking to be unknown. The most important
political act of his life remained unknown for twenty years
after its accomplishment, except to a few contidential friends
who were enjoined to secrecy. The ruling purpose and aim of
his life seems to have been to acquire 'knowledge, and to use
it for the welfare of others, rather than in the acquisition of
property or public fame. To secure and promote the equal
civil and religious rights of humanity, with him, has been a
ruling motive, as his labors fully prove. Beginning life, he
had to rely on his own efforts solely ; and, through life, lie has
relied solely on his own industrv and economv for a support.
If his energies and industry had been directed in the acquisi-
tion of property, he could undoubtedly have been financially
a man of wealth; but the acquisition of property was a
subordinate and secondary consideration with him. He pre-
ferred knowledge to dollars. He had, however, in the latter
years of his busy life, acquired a sufficient pr<iperty for a com-
petency ; but during the last five years, through sickness, and
on account of an unfortunate investment of all the property
he had in real estate in Kansas, he lost it all; but in the
meantime, having regained his health, he is again able to labor.
Though now in his seventieth year, he is almost as active,


physically, as a young man, and, mentally, seems to be as
vigorous as at the age of forty, thus evincing that through
life he has lived in conformitv to the laws of health.


One of the early citizens of Jackson Township, was born in

Online LibrarySamuel HardenEarly life and times in Boone County, Indiana, giving an account of the early settlement of each locality, church histories, county and township officers from the first down to 1886 ... Biographical sketches of some of the prominent men and women ... → online text (page 27 of 38)