Samuel Harden.

Early life and times in Boone County, Indiana, giving an account of the early settlement of each locality, church histories, county and township officers from the first down to 1886 ... Biographical sketches of some of the prominent men and women ... online

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Online LibrarySamuel HardenEarly life and times in Boone County, Indiana, giving an account of the early settlement of each locality, church histories, county and township officers from the first down to 1886 ... Biographical sketches of some of the prominent men and women ... → online text (page 6 of 38)
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Franklin Walters & Son, D. M. Watts. I. W. Smith is the
present merchant and postmaster. The doctors who have
practiced here from time to time are Dr. Horner, George and
William Kane, W. K. Everets, James Leach and Dr. T. N.
Bunnell. The last two are now practicing here. W. H.
Crose, the old veteran wagon maker is here, and has been for


many years. Blacksmiths have been hei'e as follows: AVash
Dale, O. C. Willson and Joseph Chitewood; the last named
is now located here. The first postmaster was Nelson Vv^atts.
The town was laid out in 1850, on the lands of Joseph and
Nathaniel V/ainwrisfht.


The above village is situated rather in the north part of
Harrison Township, and five miles south of Lebanon. It Avas
laid out on section twenty -six, by G. O. P. Crawford. The f jj-
lowing liave sold goods here from time to time : W. H. Camp-
ball, Henry Tomlinson, J. E. Pernell, Henry Ulin, William
Higgins, John Bartlett and Theodore Diekerson. The following
doctors have practiced here : Henry Tomlinson, Melvin Leach-
man, E. W. S. Hilligoss, and James Turner, who is now
located here, a young man of promise. Postmaster, John
Bartlett, who is now keeping it. The office was discontinued
for several years, but was restored in November, 1886. The
blacksmiths have been William Edwards, John Troutman and

Edwards, the last two now located here. The village

contains a good brick school house, Protestant Methodist
Church and several good dwelling houses. The postoflice
was formerly kept by J. P. Pinnell before it v/as discontinued,
and he was perhaps the first one here.


This town is located on the Indianapolis, Cincinnati &
Lafayette Railroad, six miles northwest of Lebanon, in the
southeast corner of Washington Township. It was laid out
on the land originally owned by the late H. G. Hazlcrii^g,
and named in honor of liim. It has been a stopj)iiig and
shipping point of some note for the last twenty years. The
town contains a .store, kept by S. Klepfer, a blacksmith sho}),


postoffice, and several dwelling houses. Over the store of
Mr. Klepfer is a public hall, used for general purposes, such
as lectures, meetings of a religious character, etc. Hazlerigg is
located in a fine part of the county; its nearness to ihe county
scat and Thorntown will in all probability keep it from becom-
ing a town of large proportions, but it will no doubt increase
to some extent and will be a place of considerable local trade.
Th(! people here could illy do without a postoffice and other
conveniences now afforded at Hazlerigg Station. The popu-
lation of the town is eighteen persons, all told, big and little.


The above village is located in the northeast part of Jack-
son Township, in section twenty. It was laid out in 1883
and named after Congressman Thomas AVard, who was instru-
mental in getting a postoffice established there. It is situated
in a fine productive country, about seven miles southv/est of
Lebanon, and five miles northeast of Jamestown. The first
merchant was John B. Bennington, succeeded by Greenville
Dodd, and he by the present merchant, Thomas Burris. The
first postmaster was J. C. Bennington, succeeded by G.
Dodd, and he by Thomas Burris, who is now postmaster.
There is a Christian Church, a brick school house, and two or
three residences. About the year 1870 George Jackson built
a steam saw mill here which is now in operation.


This town is located in the northeast part of Jackson
Township and on the Midland Railroad, nine miles southwest
of Lebanon and five miles north of Jamestov/n. The place is
comparatively new, springing up when the above railroad was
proposed. The people here have waited long and patiently
for the completion of it, and the outlook to-day, March, 1887,




IS encouras'inar. AVhen this railroad is finished here it will
give the town and surrounding country an outlet which is
very much needed. The town contains several stores, shops,
mechanics, doctors, churches, school house, etc. The p(^pula-
tion is near one hundred, all told. We hope before long to
hear that the above railroad is a fixed fact. Advance contains
several good residences; also a postoffice, which is a great
convenience to the people of northeast Jackson and surround-
ing country.


Royalton is like the wiiisky was said to be by the Indian :
^' Very little to its age." It nestles among the hills of Fishbeck
and Eao;le Creek, and near the Marion Countv line on the
south, in Eagle Township, southeast of Lebanon. Among
the first merchants were John Rodman, Dr. Horn, John AV.
Vaughn. The early doctors were Dr. Horn, Dr. Ross, Dr.
Graham. First hotel kept by John Smock; first blacksmith
sliop by Thomas Smock ; first ':>ostmasters were Dr. Horn,
John McCabe, J. W. Vaughn ; first shoemakers, Jeremiah
AVashburn and Daniel Tliompson. Samuel Jones was the first
to sell whisky in Royalton. Mr. Strowmire is the princi})al
merchant of Royalton at this time. There is a postoffice kepi
here; also trades of the various kinds going on. It was near
here that the famous Forman murder occurred sixty-eight
years ago in Marion County.




Providence, R, I., January 13, 1887.

Dear Sirs: As requested, I ^vrite you my early impressions
of Boone County. As I am neither historian, novelist, or
poet, you must be content if "I a plain, unvarnished tale
relate," concerning men and things as I now remember them.

In the spring of 1845 I received ray license to practice
law. My uncle, Judge William J. Peaslee, with whom I had
studied, advised me to locate in the "State of Boone." He
was then presiding justice in that circuit. Taking his advice,
the next Mondav raornino^ I took a seat in his buo-orv and in
the evening of the same day I was landed in Lebanon, at the
hotel Joseph Fish. That night the judge was eloquent in his
praises of the future Boone County. It was to be the fore-
most county of the state in agriculture. Its swamps were to
be drained and thus rendered the best producing lands in all
the state. Its broad acres were pictured as covered with tine
stock, horses, cattle, etc., etc., feeding upon richest pastures,
her fields pouring out their bountiful harvests of wheat, corn^
oats, etc. I said but little in reply to his fancy sketch, as I
then regarded it, for instead of the future, my mind would go
back to those abominable, yes, frightful corduroy bridges,
floating in interminable seas of mud and water, over which we
had passed from Royalton to Lebanon, with scarcely an inter-
mission of a rod, while both of us were fighting with might


and main, armed with green boughs, to keep the greedy hoard
of flies and mosquitoes from draining the last drop of our
precious blood.

Morning came, and as we dressed preparatory for breakfast,
I could but note the sad condition of our apparel. Mud and
blood gave evidence that the conflict had been no mere skir-
mish. Breakfast over, the judge bade me good-bye and
returned to Indianapolis, first giving me a few words of
•encouragement; probably he thought he saw evidence in my
countenance of a wilting tendency. I went at once to the
■''weightier matters of the law," my finances. I found §2.50
the amount of available assets, and already one night's lodg-
ing due the landlord. AVhat could be done? The more I
pondered the more I was puzzled ; it was as deep and dark as
Boone County mud. I began to think my good uncle had
been mocking me and was now "laughing at my calamity."
But that could hardly be, as I felt he wished me succe.-rs, and
probably he was only applying the old doctrine, "root hog or

There is, I believe, a "silver lining" to every cloud ; Sat-
urday night brought to me that best of good Samaritans, Dr.
James Mc Workman. I settled with the landlord and took
up my abode with the doctor in a small house just opposite
the Methodist church. I need not tell to the good people of
Boone County that he was a specimen of God's noblest work.
Many of them will long remember his genial face and manly
form, and many of God's unfortunate ones, in both Indiana
and Missouri, will bless the day when Dr. Mc Workman was
elected superintendent of the Institution for the Blind in both
those states. And scarcely witli less gratitude will they
.cherish the memory of his noble and devoted wife, who was
matron in both institutions. Both rest from their labors in
honored graves. I took an office in the nortiieast room of
the court house, put out my shingle and waited. After the
delay usual to young attorneys, I received my first fee and
began to feel quite well established in business.


At this time there were but three other members of the
bar; Jacob Angle, Joseph E. Hocker and Stephen Neal. The
latter, howes'er, gave but little attention to the law, being
mostly engaged in farming. Angle and Hocker were siibstar,-
tial lawyers and valued citizens; both ''went west" many
years ago. Subsequently, Lorenzo C. Dougherty located in
Lebanon and soon after became my partner. He attained
high standing in the profession and was honored by the citi-
zens of the county, first as representative and afterwards as
senator. He died in the height of his usefulness. A. J.
Boone was a few years later admitted, and like Dougherty,
attained high rank at the bar. It was my good fortune to
know him intimately, and all who did will testify to his high
standard of integrity. He, too, died in early manhood.
Others also might be mentioned, O. S. Hamilton, T. J. Cason.

The year following my location at Lebanon, feeling that
there was a better future in store for Boone County, I began
to feel permanently located. I had made many valued friends,
whose memory I shall cherish while reason holds her throne.
Some I have already named. William Zion, many years a
foremost merchant, Chauncey King, hotel keeper and mer-
chant, Abner Shephard, hotel keeper and tailor, Westley
Martin, my partner in the first carding machines at Lebanon,
propelled with bull power at first, subsequently with steam.
Levi Lane, " honest Levi," as we were wont to call him, long
the accomplished and accommodating clerk of the court, his
brother Josiah, also a merchant, and still another brother
Addison, merchant and preacher. He stood by me in the
most momentous moment of my life ; he officiated on the
occasion of my marriage. Joseph T. McLaughlin, the faith-
ful guardian of the county funds, William Staton, once sheriff
of the county and rav colleague in the leg-islature of 18ol-2,
Father McCann, for years county recorder, whose life \vas a
continuing benediction and whose memory will for years be
cherished by all who knew him. His son, Robert McCann,
still one of the most valued citizens of the countv. Robert


Newell, my partner in a brief mercantile career and as true
a specimen of honest manhood as it was ever ray good fortune
to know. He is now a citizen of Missouri. His son, Olney
Newell, I need hut name, as he was until a recent date a citizen
of Lebanon, and well known as a gifted writer and genial
gentleman. He is now a citizen of Denver, Col., and
assistant editor of the Colorado Live Stock Record. There
are many others whom I might mention, but your space will
not permit.

In the fall of 1S45, I was invited to a corn husking nt
Uncle Jake Kernodle's. At the time I had but a slight
ncqu?}utance with him. Of course I attended. A good, jolly
part) it was. Red ears meant something to take — Uncle Jake
had t, and that which was good, for he made it himself —
appU brandy, peach brandy, whisky and cider. But Uncle
Jake was not the man to permit a too free use of the cup
which cheers and inebriates, and I do not remember that even
one (1 the party became mellow. I should say, with Bobby

Burtg :

"They were not fou,
. But just had plenty."

The husking over, a bountiful supper was spread and dis-
patched, and then on light fantastic toe we chased the glowing
hours with flying feet till early morn. On this occasion I met
his daughter, Sarah M. Kernodle. She became my M'ife in
the following August. Forty years have past and well has she
earned the proudest title due to womanhood, faithful and
affectionate wife and mother. She died November 'I'l, A. D.
1886. Jacob Kernodle settled in Boone County in 1836 and
remained a citizen of the county, and on the san:ie farm, until

his death in . His was the model farm of the county for

many years, and until his death. Located one mile east of
the court-house, aud having ample room in both house and
barn, where man and beast found good cheer in abundance.
He always had plenty of company, especially when the courts
were in session. His farm consisted of 300 acres of excellent


land, cultivated with great care in meadow grain, orchards of
apples and peaches. Coming to the county at an early day,
when mechanical facilities were poor, he was forced to do all
such work himself, or go a long way for it. The result was he
became miller, carpenter, wagonmaker. shoemaker and black-
smith. His great crop of apples and peaches must go to waste
or be made into cider and brandy. He became a distiller, and
his peach and apple brandy gained a wide celebrity. No farm
in the county was better supplied with every kind of farm
titensils, nor was there one where they were put to a better
use. Nothing went to waste. Of course he prospered and
became one of Boone County's most independent citizens.
His large family of four sons and seven daughters were com-
fortably provided for as they married, and all became prosper-
ous and respected citizens of the county. The only one of the
daughters remaining, so far as I am informed, is Margaret,
wife of Captain James Bragg, of Lebanon. Captain Bragg,
though not enjoying the best of health, has earned a compe-
tency for the evening of his years, and also that which is more
abiding than worldly possessions, the respect and confidence
of all who know him. He faithfully and ably served his
country from nearly the beginning of the rebellion until the
return of peace. Let me close this recital by saying, I long
since for^jave Judire Pea.slee for locatino; me in the State of
Boone, and I rejoice to know that his picture of the future of
Boone County, which he gave me on that memorable night,
has become a realitv, and that she stands to-dav in the foremost
rank of rich and enterprising counties in the state — a mon-
ument to the wisdom, intelligence and liberality of her citizens
in draining their swamps, building gravel roads and railroads.
By the way, let m.e claim a modest share of credit for your
railroads. At the solicitation of your lamented Colonel Har-
vey G. Hazelrigg, I made several S])eeches in the county, urg-
ing the citizens and the county to take stock in the Indianap-
olis tt Lafayette liailroad. The county took, I think, S25,000.
This was the beginning. I hope I may again, ere life is spent,


revisit my old and. dearly-loved home in Boone County. I
know I shall find my many dear friends, to some of whom
I owe mucli for honors bestowed. Their names are still found
in the Lebanon papers, which I see and read with plcasare.
Three cheers for old Boone.


My father moved from V/ashington County, Indiana, in
the early winter of 1826. He stopped in Marion County on
Big Eagle about ton miles from Indiana])olis until the 10th of
^larch, when, with his family of eight children, he moved on
his land in the thick forest with not a stick amiss sa\'e the
cabin logs that then lay at the stumps from which they were
cut. Through the kindness of friends we called neighbors
(though some of them came ten miles), we had our cabin raised
on the day we got there, having arrangements previously made.
Mr. Austin Davenport, with his ox team, hauled the logs
while the neighbors notched them up, covered with clap-boards
and cut out a door, so we slept under the shelter of our own
roof that night. We were unharmed, though serenaded by
wolves, wliich was a nightly occurrence. Our cabin is up, but
there is yet no floor, fire-place or door shutter, nor a foot of
land cleared, and one-third of March gone. Six acres of land
was measured off that would have to be cleared, under-grubbed
and fenced. Father and two of us boys (aged eleven and
thirteen years) found we would have to build some kind of a
pen to protect our horses from the horse-flies. We raised a
pen fourteen by twenty feet, high enough for the joists, tlien
covered it with brush to make it dark. That kept the flies off
when in the stable, but when working they were very annoy-
ing. Deer was plenty, but there was no time to look after
thera. The creek, too, was full of fish, but they must also be
let alone (',)nly on Sundays we boys would take them in out of
the wet). Turkeys would make their presence known by
gobbling close by in the early morning. Father would take


in oue of tliera ouce in a while. By the 10th of June we had
six acres of corn planted. The squirrels came as though it
had been planted purposely for them, but we stoutly con-
tested their claim, and when they were out of the way
the raccoons entered their title. AVe contested their claim,.
too, and many of their skins went into the fur market
at from five to twenty- five cents apiece. Coon skins and
ginsang were the staple articles of trade with us in those
days. In the winter of 1827 father got his leg so badly cut by
the flying of an axe handle in the hands of Austin Davenjiort,
that he was laid up all winter and spring till our crop was in
the ground. With the help of our neighbors we had added
another six acres to our farm. We helped to roll logs aiid
raise cabins every week in the early spring. We had to keep
a sharp lookout for rattlesnakes, for they were very plenty on
Eagle Creek when first settled by the whites. Indians were
very plenty when we first came to the territory afterwards
organized into Boone County. Our house was on the trace
leading from Thorntown to Billy Conner's, who was agent for
the Miainis. We saw Indians nearly every day the first sum-
mer we lived on the old homestead, and it was interesting to
see the ingenuity of these red men. When they wanted a sack
to carry potatoes, turnips or corn, they would spread down a
blanket and double the first side over two-thirds of the width,
then the other side so as to lap over one third of the first kip,
then gather the ends and tie a string tightly around each end.
They would open the fold in the middle and fill the ends with
whatever they Avished to take with them. If they bought
pumpkins they would, with their butcher knives, plug out the
stem and blossom ends, double a small rope and put this
through four pumpkins, two on each end, with a small stick to
keep them from slipping. Throwing them across their ponies
they would scamper. They always had handkerchiefs, shawls,
calico, broadcloths, fancy moccasins or some beads to trade for
our produce. The nearest mill was fourteen miies and no
good roads. 'We would shell two sacks of corn, throw them


across two horses, mount two boys and away to mill. Some-
times we would live for two days and a night on parcdied corn.
Sometimes we would throw corn into a mortar made by burn-
ing out a stump or the end of a block, and pound it into a
kind of a coarse meal, sieve out the finest for bread, and use
the rest for hominy. Although we had hardships to undergo,
we had a great deal of pleasure. The social relations among
our friends was fine. A man only had to say he was going to
roll logs such a day and the men and boys would be on hand.
The women are worthy of great praise fi)r the })art they took.
Asa matter of course our fare was very plain, consisting of
corn bread, hog meat, potatoes, turnip greens, with sometimes
pumpkin pies. Often after a hard day's rolling logs, the
young folks would have a dance ; the women having a quilt-
ing, wool picking or some other attraction to bring them to-
gether. After a few years, when they began to raise a few
sheep, the farmers would take their wool to the carding
machine and have it made into rolls, then they would
spin, scour and color such as was to be used for wearing
apparel, but for blankets they wove in the grease as it was
spun. Then the scouring was to be done. Some neighbors
having a suitable floor in his house would have what they
CfiUed a '' blanket kicking." This was the work of the boys.
Taking off their shoes and socks they would sit down in a
ring with their feet together. The women would then throw
down four or five blankets between their feet. Then warm
water and soap were thrown on the blankets and the kicking
commenced. The flow of soap-suds on the floor can be im-
agined. The boys would sit on blocks four or five inches high
and the girls on chairs at their backs to keep them in place.
The girls for fun would sometimes kick the blocks from under
the boys, letting them sit down in the soap-suds, but it was
all taken in good j)art. When the blankets were finished the
floor was cleaned, supj)er was set, and that disposed of. After
that the fiddle was brought out and the dance commenced^
lasting till twelve or one o'clock. These are some of the pas-


times of early settlers. Those that were heads of families
sixty years ago are gone, and those tiiat were children are now
■old and but few in number. Many have died and others
moved away, and in counting my playmates I find many of
their names on tombstones. There are many incidents I
might record that would be more amusing than interesting,
but I will now try to give a short history of our family. Mv
father, Frederick Lowe, was born in "Gilford County. Xorth
Carolina, October 13, 1786. He was married to Patience
Grist, in the spring of 1811; they lived in Roan County, in
the same state, until October, 1816, when, with his famil'v of
four children, he moved to Indiana and settled in Washington
County, where he lived ten years. With an addition of four
<;hildren he moved to what is now Boone Countv. He re-
mained in this county until his death. In the meantime six
other children were added to the family, four of whom died in
infancy. Of the ton left seven are now living. Their names
are as follows : Sarah, who is now dead, was married to Jacob
Hoover; John, the writer; George, who is now dead; Celia,
who is now dead, was married to Jesse Essex ; Pollv, widow
of James W. P,Iake; Charity, widow of Hiram Wolf ;'\Viiliam
Grist; Xancy, widow of Asa Cox; David G. and Benj. F.
These constitute the ten that reached maturity. Father died
March 20, 1866. Mother was born March 17, 1788, and died
May 13, 1878. Sarah Hoover died in Kansas; Celia Essex
died in Pulaski County, Indiana; George Lowe died in Stock-
well, Tippecanoe County. Mother also died in Tippecanoe
County, at the advanced age of ninety years and two months.
The settlement in Boone County, commencing at the south
line, was first Jacob Sheets, E^q., his brother John, P. H. Sul-
livan, David Hoover, who was the first clerk of Boone County,
Austin Davenport, the first sheriff, also first representative;
Jesse Davenport, John John^, Robt. Johns Henry Jolins,
their father, Jesse Lane and Edward Jackson. These were
here when we came. In the fall of the same year John King
settled adjoining our place. The county then began to be


settled very fast, and improvements increased. In the winter
of 1829-30 the legislature passed the law organizing the terri-
tory into what is now Boone County. My father was ap-
pointed agent of the new county, consequently I wa^ one of the
boys to cut the brush off of the public square, and carry one
end of the chain to lay out the lots in the original plat. Geo.
L. Kinnard and Jas. P. Drake were the original proprietors^
and donated every alternate lot, and brick to a court-house
for the county. There was some trouble about the location
of the county seat. It was first located where Northfield now
is, but being so far from the center, a protest entered and
commissioners were appointed to locate the spot. The com-
missioners were John Harlin, of Clinton County, xV. M. French,
of Montgomery, P. H. Sullivan, of Boone, Bazil Brown, of
Marion, and the fifth I have forgotten. They located the cap-

Online LibrarySamuel HardenEarly life and times in Boone County, Indiana, giving an account of the early settlement of each locality, church histories, county and township officers from the first down to 1886 ... Biographical sketches of some of the prominent men and women ... → online text (page 6 of 38)