cludes not only the direct and indirect cost of actual
criminal depredation, but also the cost of maintaining all
municipal, state and federal bodies, forces and institutions
directly or indirectly involved or engaged in law enforce-
ment, or in caring for criminals or crime's victims.
this time, we are paying ever-increasing sums to a socially
destructive force which already costs far more than all of
the educational institutions in the country combined.
With such a staggering outlay of national resources, the
American taxpayer should be entitled to some return for
his money. However, we are sorry to inform him that
his investment isn't "paying off." He's "in the red" —
and he's . in good and deep. Instead of showing any
marked improvement, even with this huge expenditure, we
are losing our fight against crime! The same National
Crime Report shows the crime rate for 1946 with an
alarming increase in major offenses. Murder made the
biggest jump with a gain of 16.3 per cent. Robbery was
next, with an increase of 15.6 per cent, with aggravated
assault 11.4 per cent. Negligent manslaughter went up
6.4 per cent, and rape 4.5 per cent. Also, in this critical
pericxl of post-war readjustment, the crime problem con-
stitutes a growing threat to both internal and international
security. These are not the forces of any aggressor nation
which menace us; they are the criminals in our own ranks,
awaiting only the opportunity to take our property and
our lives, while countless psychopathic "firebrands" are
eager to furnish the leadership for those who are bent
upon all forms of social damage and destruction.
^CoritiTiued on page 46)
STE I N A U
G L A S E R
300 Mission Street
San Francisco, California
March, 194S POUCE AND PE.ACE OFFICERS' JKXTIXWL
Chief Al Huntsman of Santa C
TV dt>' of Sann Orui wTih iis fine Kradv ns c\.
s»k wAU-r ftj^ing, its giivxi c3>roaro and its hi-iS3psi«Ne jvoplc
has gT\wn to a hu5«hns: cir\' of Scmx- 2i\000 Kafifty
SituAJifd t\n XliWKjvY Bav « ofltrs much w xhctx- ieci
mg in ounni; — for a day or a miwiii — jind each wjir
the mtlux of those seetiixg a place to relax has inerejised
until now it is tKX unconin^on to find a hundjvvl iJtousand
p.>unns: >nto the e«y limitSv TV K-j»cVs ai>f C3\>\v\3e>d
with happy folks fjvwn nejtr and far, and the aniens of
^ntj Cru; haw kept pace w-ith the inerej»j>ed pi-^ulation
ind the increased populanrv- of the atv as a recn-aiKwal
center that they haw- left nt><hins: undojv that \vow)d c\>n
trjhute to the happiness of the thixisands of vTSJiiors who
ictfxn into its attracnve coniniunity.
Of course law enforcement is neciessarx' to see that all
Uw abiding people arc aNe to enpy jhemseKies and in
Santa Cm; tV enhwii^ tV law^s of tV land is in
has heoj head of
- ^— T'. Cm: in 192 ji,
smor W55 and
^^^' . - -.^-. -c ... ..._ r>ji i:
MS Kuw. Tdiav ihe n'UHj>er has }>e«i iiv-n-jtsed
to :~. .A
Pc^llce Ac- , .._
TV Bureau of I3c
mctiwids of as> ^ . jj cjorjed
out *k*K: ihi- .-.,■, ...^ ,..,^ .._. ...^ anw, AB
inanKns haw atTe3^>d o-ainiiK achivJs
TV DeriMtineiN K-*
prehesvfaw; thciac who c, ^ .,,-.,
iV sunaner vsjators which at m»es ; . .
Tl^oxii^h Svanra One is hid cm in Ty|<Kil OtUomia
sryHle prevalent an many aaaO csowv Ksg>^ctn^ ancc^
tTa£c IS rc^nibned so wxll that fatal aocadenis an nrc
Juwnde dehn-iueivry is at a low <H> an Suiu Qna:.
Radi m H^? wVn duet Humsnan was put in cikai;j!e
of ihe IVihof Department he ionned a Kwres' duK. and «t
the ei>d of its fira year juvenile dchnqjueivy tdl of 90
per ctmt. With jtaoous «)uanei^ in the EDs hoUii^.
wiiich us furnished for the rocimtMn c* hcujs under 1$
wars of agv, and w^uch indludes pocJ and Mliud tables.
pmt^ P^^g oeuns. ruding loon, Kisfeet kail and xdky
hall counsv a well o<)u>f>fied gymaswmy ai«d other «<a-
tuivs anracnw^ to vewhs he found the fcwflps toiscc tv>
$:et out of hne. He and has o£oeis oiisaniaed haid and
soft haschall reams and b«s^ haU tcans. and Acw w«w
jsuny games hervwcn the chaih's teams aitd with outadcrs.
At <>ne time therxc wtc 1^ Ka^icet haB teaas oisaiustd
amo«^ du^ memK-rs, four hai\3 haselvaD vean^ and tiwee
soft hall ti-jims TV Chi^ has for many wars nuintained
a memheiship of +cV K^vs^ and while « hecame ivwgniged
as a way tv> fcoep the K>ys on the i«T*^ht and nanvwv path.
« also hecaov patent that it was Tyx> h^ a »oh tor the
Mkv Depanment to handle and ifv»s.>r, si* rvw wars
4 Ot^wriiitaaAJ ."•! rusi^f ^-^
i>! \ Kr)
O.vi-T E- \V t"5s\jji
t^M-T IViX l\NV
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS" JOURNAL
How Officer^s Killers Were Caught
By the Editor
The investigation of this case was assigned to Inspectors
James O'Neill and James Hayes of the burglary detail,
who worked in conjunction with Officers George Brown
and Eugene McCann of the Mission Police Station. This
combined investigation of numerous likely suspects led
them to the vicinity of Church and Market Streets, where
from Dorothy Conder and she stated that upon the arrest
of Joseph Trujillo she recovered the revolver from TrU'
jillo's home at 1 1 Laussett Street and took the gun to
her house where she filed the rifling off the barrel. She
was in company with Carol Babcock who is presently
confined to San Quentin on robbery charges.
Inspector Fred Butz Inspector George O'Leary Inspector M.ax Resnick
These Three Inspectors Had a Prominent Part in Capture of Haight-Fillmore Street Gang.
they investigated the possibility of the Haight-Fillmore
Gang as being involved.
On October 18, 1946, Tommy Foakes, age sixteen, was
arrested by Inspectors Valentine and Keyworth of the
Juvenile Bureau and was confined in the City Prison as
an escapee from the Juvenile Home. Officers Brown and
McCann interviewed him, feeling he might be able to
help out in the matter of connecting the Haight-Fillmore
Gang with the murder of Officer Odom.
On the strength of the small scraps of information
recei'ved. Officer Brown and Inspector Max Reznik later
interviewed Foakes at Lancaster concerning the Dan's
On November 1, 1946, a Ford convertible coupe was
recovered by the Daly City Police in the vicinity of 223
Vista Grande Avenue, Daly City. This car was stolen
on October 14, 1946, from the display room of the
"S &? C" Motors, 2001 Market Street, San Francisco.
Inspectors Hayes and O'Neill and Officer Brown, in
making a search of the recovered car, found a large crow-
bar and a leather covered blackjack.
On November 15, 1946, Dorothy Conder, 223 Vista
Grande Avenue, Daly City, was taken into custody by
Inspectors Hayes and Cottrell ;md Officer Brown. A
search of her premises disclosed a .38 Caliber U. S. re-
volver with the numbers filed off. A statement was taken
Joseph Trujillo was arrested by Inspectors Hayes,
O'Neill and Cottrell, as well a.« Officers Brown and
McCann. At that time he was questioned relative to the
murder of Special Officer Odom. He denied any knowl-
edge of the crime, and he also denied ownership of the
tools and gloves.
Trujillo was subsequently given thirty days in the
County Jail and during that time he was questioned by
the officers assigned to the case, and he stated that the
night of Odom's murder he had been in Oakland to see
a movie where he had seen "Monsieur Beaucaire," starring
Boh Hope. He again denied participation in the "Dan's
On January 23, 1947, Officer Robert Casiciani, Com-
pany E, brought a member of the Haight-Fillmore Gang,
Richard Henderson, into the Homicide Detail. A state-
ment was taken by Inspectors James Johnson and Hayes.
Henderson was shown the gun and identified it as Tru-
jillo's, the same gun which Joe Trujillo had loaned him
to go on a hunting trip to Scotia, California.
Henderson stated that on the hunting trip to Scotia,
he had shot a dog with Trujillo's gun, and that the trip
had been made previous to the time Dorothy Conder had
filed the barrel of the gun.
Realizing that if we recovered a spent bullet from the
(Continued on page 40)
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
THE PRESENT TASK OF LAW ENFORCEMENT
Address by Assistant Special Agent H. C. Van Pelt, San Francisco, to the Northern
California Peace Officers' Association at Chico
Enforcement of the law is a profession, not just a job,
and it is daily requiring more and more intelligence and
skill, and everlasting study and training. Peace officers
cannot allow themselves to stagnate and get in a rut while
science makes progressive strides into new fields of crim-
inology. The days of the "hitching post" type of law
enforcement are long past. The guardians of the law
must be thoroughly trained in modern methods of crime
detection and crime prevention. The peace officer's ob-
jective of honest, intelligent fulfillment of duty, designed
to provide better protection to the citizens of the com-
munity, must be accomplished by raising his own stand-
ards in the police profession. With it comes a sense of
accomplishment, a higher morale, a greater satisfaction,
renewed courage, wholesome respect for the effort and
In Northern California, during the last fiscal year, the
FBI conducted 58 training schools for local law enforce-
ment agencies, affording 1789 hours of instruction to 2230
officers in attendance. Twenty-eight of these schools were
of the In-Service type; 21 were Firearms Schools: six
were Recruit Schools; two were Fingerprinting Schools,
and one was the Annual Administrative School for Law
Enforcement Executives. It has been most gratifying and
encouraging to observe how enthusiastically the peace
officers in this area have received these diversified training
programs in a sincere effort to progress in the police pro-
fession and provide better protection and service to their
respective communities. The FBI will continue to make
its training facilities, its scientific crime detection labora-
tory, its widespread identification service, and its other
cooperative functions available to you.
Phone KE. 2-4026
F. B. JORGENSEN MFG. CO.
Designers and Makers of
Brass and Steel Stamps and Types
Embossing' Dies, Soap Dies, Stencils
Name Plates, Burning Brands, Etc.
4321 EAST 12th STREET OAKLAND. CALIF.
Jack Arnold, Owner-Manager
SERVING BREAKFAST AND LUNCH
Open 7:00 A. M. to 5:00 P. M.
1528 FRANKLIN STREET OAKLAND. CALIF.
RILEY'S CORNED BEEF
TENTH STREET MARKET
OAKLAND 7, CALIFORNIA
Juvenile and Crime Prevention Work
In combatting post-war crime, law enforcement agencies
should carefully consider the advancement of their juvenile
and crime prevention work. One of the most tragic con-
sequences of the war has been its effect upon our youth.
Juvenile delinquency has resulted from insecurity and a
breakdown of moral fibre. The records of the FBI show
that during the wartime emergency the arrests of girls
under eighteen years of age increased 375 per cent for
prostitution alone, 357 per cent for disorderly conduct,
and 175 per cent for drunkenness and driving while
intoxicated, and during the same period the arrests of
boys under eighteen years of age increased 48 per cent
tor homicide, 70 per cent for rape, 39 per cent for robbery,
72 per cent for assault, 55 per cent for automobile thefts,
and 101 per cent for drunkenness and driving while in-
toxicated. The youngsters who prior to the war were
stealing bicycles and committing other minor offenses are
now the ones who are stealing automobiles, perpetrating
armed robberies, and committing the more serious crimes.
Arrest records today show that one out of every five of
our criminals are but little beyond mere childhood.
Too much has been said, and too little has been done to
effectively combat juvenile delinquency. Constructive
outlets must be provided for the boundless energies,
enthusiasm and desires of youth. Having playgrounds,
gymnasiums, swimming pools, skating rinks and other
recreational and sports facilities available to our young
boys and girls helps build good, wholesome and red-
blooded Americans. It's a major constribution to the
future welfare of youth and pays dividends in health,
happiness and good citizenship.
f Continued on page 58 )
We Specialize in Towing and Repairing Wrecked Cars
DAY AND NIGHT SERVICE
G. Steiner SWeetwood 8-4400
ACCESSORIES. MACHINE SHOP
1055 EAST 14th STREET
SAN LEANDRO. CALIF.
SAN LEANDRO UPHOLSTERY
Phone SWeetwood 8-6332
271 DAVIS STREET
SAN LEANDRO. CALIF.
Phone TRinidad 2- 1 522
KITT'S CACTUS GARDENS
ALL KINDS OF
POTTERY PLANTS AND SHRUBS
965 MacARTHUR BLVD.
SAN LEANDRO. CALIF.
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
Security Detairs Second Annual Meet
When the United Nations conference was held in San
Francisco nearly three years ago to formulate plans for
world-wide peace. Chief Charles Dullea assigned 71
members of the San Francisco Police Department to act
as security officers during the weeks the conference was
Chief Dullea named Captain Michael E. Mitchell, now
Chief of Police, as the man to have charge of this im-
Chief Michael E. I. Mitchell
portant detail. Captain Mitchell, Captain Michael Gaffey
and other top members of the Police Department went
through the roster of the Police Force and selected the
members who would serve on the Security Detail. The
men selected were men who by their experience, deport-
ment and appearance would reflect most creditably to the
Police Department and to the city of San Francisco. The
selelction was, in fact, the pick of the Department.
The Security Company was formed with headquarters
in the Civic Center; the members were addressed by the
Chief and Captain Mitchell and told their duties, and
wede impressed with the necessity of allowing nothing to
transpire that would endanger the delegates from nations
scattered over this earth. They were told that they must
carry out their duties with firmness and at the same time
Lieutenant Jack Eker, now a Captain, and Lieutenant
Wm. Danahy were commissioned officers on the Detail.
How well this Security Council worked and carried out
their duties is now bright history and the members re-
ceived glowing praise for the outstanding job they per-
formed during the time the United Nations were in
After the conference adjourned the Security Detail was
demobilized, getting from the Police Commission and
Chief Dullea high commendation for the swell manner
they had carried on their duties of policing the great inter-
However, the men who made up this detail decided
that in view of the friendships formed among them during
their many weeks of close association should form an
organization of the personnel and hold a reunion each
year, thus keeping alive the fond memories of their great
The second annual meeting of this body was held on the
evening of February 4, at Bimbo's, 2299 Powell Street.
Over 5 menibers of the original 71 officers who served
on the Security Detail showed up. They had a swell steak
dinner prepared in Bimbo's well-known style. They were
presented a program of entertainment provided by Lieu-
tenant Alvin Nicolini who had charge of this year's fes-
Chief Mitchell was there as was Captain Jack Eker,
Captain Gaffey, Sergeants Joseph Perry, Charles Radford,
Charles Lyons, Walter Meyers and Richard Hanlon, all
seated at the speakers table.
Mike Lawley, the town's best master of ceremonies, was
on hand and because he knows all the boys of the Police
Department, and was raised with most of the top men he
did an outstanding job.
Tommy Harris, San Francisco's well known radio artist
and owner of the city's well known night spot, the House
of Harris, was present and he brought two featured acts,
Myrus, a mind reader who had the boys mystified and
Guy Taylor with a number of solos, the lead of which was
a medley of San Francisco songs. Both these artists got a
round of genuine applause.
Then James Farlely and J. Higgins gave with some
mighty fine singing and John Borlo, the basketball impres-
sario knocked them dead with his baseball monologue and
Joe McCarthy's monologue about joining the army was a
real big time act.
Then Master of Ceremonies Lawley called on the speak-
ers. They all gave short but sincere talks.
Captain Gaffey recited the way the Security Council
was selected three years ago. He said the men picked for
the important work had done a good and loyal job. "You
helped our new Chief do a good job when he was the com-
mander of your Security company and I know you will
continue to give him the same loyal support in his new
post," were his closing remarks.
Capt.iin Jack Eker,, who was a Lieutenant on the De-
tail, recalled how members of the Detail have advanced
since they did their stint at the United Nations meet. Cap-
tain Mitchell is now chief, (all know Captain Eker is now
in the top ranks of commissioned officers) and many have
moved from patrolmen to .sergeants and some from ser-
geants to lieutenant and he prophesized that many more
will advance in future promotional examinations, because
they are all men blessed with ambition and intelligence and
a thorough knowledge of police work.
Lieutenant Nicolini said this was a select group and
it is surprising how many outside of this body of men
wanted to come to the meeting. He told how every man
carried out his assignment and the patrolmen, the ser-
geants, the Lieutenants all worked in harmony under their
(Continued on page 44)
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
Paper Delivered at Annual Convention of State Peace Officers at Hoberg's Last September
By Chief Special Agent Harry M. Kimball, F.B.I.
Crime prevention, now recognized as one of the primary
functions of law enforcement, was never more important
The January', 1947, issue of the Uniform Crime Re-
portsii reflecting statistics on arrests for 1946, shows that
for the first time since 194J, the age of 17 years did not
Chief Special Agent Harry M. Kimball
predominate the number of arrests. During the year 1946
the age of 21 years predominated. The thought occurs
that these figures, rather than revealing a decrease in
juvenile delinquency, may he an indication that the
juvenile delinquent — the 17-year-old — of the war years is
becoming the hardened criminal of today. Thus, we do
not have to look far to see that the problem of juvenile
delinquency has become one of our worst post-war head-
aches. For us in law enforcement, it is a problem in
Of course, it is ordinarily recognized that the protection
of society is the first aim of a law enforcement agency,
and in the handling of offenders of all ages, first considera-
tion is given to the interests of the community, and
second to the welfare of the individual involved. While
this approach might possibly contrast in some instances
with that of social welfare workers, probation officers,
psychiatrists, clerg^'men, teachers, and others who are
primarily dealing with the individual, still the aim —
crime prevention — is the same, and it is up to law enforce-
ment to take an active part in — and possibly lead — com-
munity programs designed to curb and stamp out juvenile
Many local law enforcement agencies have, in the ab-
sence of youth-serving organizations in the community,
set up programs of their own, such as the organization
of crime-prevention bureaus within the department, adopt'
ing "big brother" programs, and setting up their own
youth organizations, variously called junior patrols, junior
police corps, junior sheriff leagues, police athletic leagues
— all, by whatever name called, designed not only to
afford youngsters a wholesome outlet for their energy
through sports, camping, traffic handling schools, and
handcraft groups, but also to make them law-enforcement-
minded, to teach them to look up to the officer as a hero,
rather than as a hoodlum or racketeer.
Today in many communities, coordinating councils
have been set up with law enforcement cooperating with
schools, churches, and civic and social organizations, as
well as welfare agencies, clinics, and other community
groups in an effort to pool all the community resources to
meet the problem.
The local law enforcement agency may well take the
lead in inspiring individuals and organizations to take
action. A survey of the local problem should be made
which would include the extent of lawlessness in the
area, the types of crime, their locations, and the reasons
for them, and any particular breeding places, such as
neighborhoods where the offenders reside and shady estab-
lishments where they hang out. Thereafter officials and
leaders of the community's civic, social, and professional
organizations, its schools and churches, its welfare groups,
and the publishers and editors of the local press may be
called in. The problem would then be outlined, the facih-
ties in each of the various groups analyzed, and a com-
munity program adopted. Each group represented would
be given a definite job to do in the over-all program.
Participation by the local law enforcement agency in
any such program is desirable, and, in fact, necessary, if
the program is to be successful. In the first place, such
participation is desirable, since it affords the local police
agency an excellent opportunity to do a public relations
job in that it is enabled to bring its activities to the atten-
tion of the other participating groups, whose members
will include a large segment of the substantial citizens of
the community. In addition, resultant newspaper and
radio publicity will serve to acquaint the entire community
with the work and activities of the local law enforce-
If the community' program is to be successful, the co-
operation of the local law enforcement agency is neces-
(1) it is best acquainted with the location of points
of infection, locations contributing to the delinquency of
youngsters in the community;
(2) the very nature of its work and operations keeps
it best informed as to the methods employed by law vio-
lators, regardless of age;
(Continued on page 67)
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
S.F. Bureau of Inspectors Honor Two Captains
On the night of February 2, at Blanches", there was
held a celebration that was tops in enthusiasm and enjoy-
ment. It was the occasion of a testimonial dinner given
in honor of retiring Captain of Inspectors Bernard J.
Captain of Inspectors James L. English
McDonald and his successor Captain James L. English of
the San Francisco Police Department.
The affair was under the direction of Lieutenant Sam
Miller, in charge; of the Pawn Shop Detail, Inspector Frank
Lucey in charge of the General Works Detail and In-
spector, Jess Ayes of the Robbery Detail.
Every member of the Bureau of Inspectors was present
with Police Commissioner J. Warnock Walsh, Former
Chief Charles W. Dullea, Judges Preston Devine, Twain
Michelsen, and Wallenberg, District Attorney Pat Brown,
special agents from many business firms of the city, At-
torney Les Gillen, J. W. Ehrlich, and newspaper men, like
Herb Caen and Freddie Francisco, the number who sat
down to a steak dinner that was out of this world,
Attorney Lou Ashe, who can give a lot of high paid
radio comedians cards and spades and still take time out
to cat his dinner, was master of ceremonies and he did
one swell job.
A fine program of acts from the Bal Tabarin, Lido
and 36^ Club presented entertainment to suit all tastes.
Speakers included Former Chief Dullea, Commissioner
Walsh, Judge Devine, and District Attorney Brown.
The latter stated that both Captain McDonald and
EtigFish were a credit to the department and Chief Dullea
recalled how faithfully Captain McDonald had served
the city under him as Captain of Inspectors for nearly
erght "years. Chief Dullea on behalf of the Bureau members
presented Oaiptain McDonald with a fine gold pen and
Lieutenant Miller had the pleasure of presenting the