to define something. Wc thoroughly understand the
meaning of the word but we find we cannot well express
our meaning in so many words. To me the word courage
comes into this class.
Courage is an outstanding must in the necessary- mental
setup of a police officer.
In a quiet, suburban town or
in a cit>' of teeming thousands, a day or a night will
certainly come when any man who wears a police uniform
will suddenly find he needs abounding and unqualified
courage — when it is a case of courage or consequences,
yes, usually dire consequences.
Recently I congratulated a good friend of mine who
returned to San Francisco with a magnificent eight-
pointer. Good hunter and good fellow that he is, he
received my congratulations with heartiness, but. as if
talking to himself, said: "'Too bad we so often have to
take the bitter with the sweet."
He then went on to tell me all about his trip in the
northern part of the state and how he got the buck that
at least a hundred good hunters had missed during the
past couple of seasons. Just as the dawn was breaking
he was seated on an immense boulder at the head of a
deep, narrow canyon, when, right between him and the
rising sun was the distinct outline of an immense buck.
He took careful aim and the buck instantly fell into the
canyon. His pri:e winning dog was after the fallen
By the time my friend got to the scene the forest
monarch lay still, at full length, in a cramped space
between fallen boulders. The dog was all excitement.
As if by magic, the buck raised its head, sensed the
situation, and viciously attacked the dog and had him
virtually crushed to death in the space of seconds. He
was on his way in a flash, but was dropped immediately
by my friend who is one of the best shots in the state.
It seems the first shot had only stunned the buck.
Not being a hunter I asked my friend how it came
that the deer attacked the big airdale, adding that I always
thought deer were timid and ready to run from the least
sign of trouble. From my friend I learned much about
bucks: that they are canny, cagey and ultra careful —
but definitely not cowards. That buck certainly acted the
part of an alert and courageous human.
As a result of my friend's talk I came away with an
entirely new slant on the meaning of the word courage.
In addition to giving much thought to acts that are
commonly classed as courageous — but, which, on due
consideration, are not — I finally arrived at the conclusion
that courage is definitely akin to good, old common
sense: and has nothing whatever to do \xith foolhardi-
ness or recklessness.
When it comes to analyzing courage we find it is really
a mathematical problem, containing definite factors.
After a cursory look at Websters and the thesaurus,
I decided a large percentage of what passes for courage
is really just hysteria.
Certainly a police officer must have courage — physical
courage — the courage of a rugged healthy man; but there
IS a lot more to it. Out is his power to arrest, his hand-
cuffs, his police whistle, his night stick, and even his
revolver. True, all these are, more or less, adjuncts to
his stand in an urgency — but. to a really courageous
officer, there their worth terminates.
After due consideration I feel the word "Imiits" is the
proper name of the prime factor in the matter of police
courage as such. The courageous police officer is the one
who knows his "limits" — as to legal powers and as to his
physical powers and possibilities: the officer who is con-
servative and calm under the direst pressure.
An officer may be physically a mar\'el. but, if he
cannot swim it is really suicide for him to jump into deep
water to save someone: or to enter a' dark warehouse to
arrest armed bandits, alone, and without a flashlight, or
in company with fellow officers, so equipped.
The courageous police officer has a truly composite
appraisement of himself, this appraisement including
mainly his thorough knowledge of his duties and powers
as a peace officer, as well as his physical limits in the
matter of strength, skill and endurance.
I have known many fine men who, to all appearances
were the ideal type for police duty but who, after a very
short period, resigned from the force. Probably each had
/Continued on page S8)
Page 4 POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS" JOURNAL May. J 948
That We Shall Never Forget!
Honor roll of those who have made the supreme sacrifice as members of the San
Francisco Police Department. Each contributed his costly share to the grand tradi-
tions of the department:
Officer JOHN COOTS, June 12, 1878. Killed by John Runk.
Officer JOHN NICHOLSON, February 16, 1884. Stabbed by unknown assassin.
Officer EDGAR OSGOOD, December 13, 1886. Stabbed by unknown assassin.
Officer ALEXANDER GRANT, September 11, 1891. Shot by Samuel of Posen.
Lieutenant WILLIAM BURKE. March 23, 1898. Shot by Theo. Haines.
Officer EUGENE ROBINSON, January 20, 1903. Shot by thugs.
Officer MAX FENNER, April 18, 1906. Killed by falling walls.
Officer lAMES S. COOK, August 26, 1936. Shot by unknown assassin.
Officer GEORGE O'CONNELL, November 16, 1906. Shot by John Burns.
Officer HARRY L. SAUER, May 7, 1907. Shot by unknown assassin.
Officer EDWARD T. McCARTNEY, September 3, 1907. Shot by John Tansey.
Officer WILLIAM H. HEINS, June 4, 1908. Shot by Young brothers.
Officer WILLIAM O'SHAUGHNESSY, June 10, 1908. Beaten by C. Ritchie.
Sergeant ANTONE NOLTING, January 9, 1909. Shot by Thos. Jordan.
Officer CHARLES P. CASTOR, November 26, 191 1. Shot by P. Prantikos.
Officer THOMAS FINNELLY, November 26, 1911. Shot by P. Prantikos.
Officer JOHN J. NOLAN, March 19, 1912. Killed by fall chasing thug.
Officer CHARLES H. BATES, July 26, 1912. Shot by unknown assassin.
Officer BYRON C. WOOD, May 4, 1913. Shot by W. Thompson.
Officer EDWARD MALONEY, April 19, 1915. Shot by Felker and Walker.
Officer PETER HAMMOND, September 12, 1915. Shot by George Nelson.
Corporal FREDERICK COOK, November 24, 1915. Shot by Harry Wilson.
Officer THOMAS DEASY, January' 8, 1916. Shot by unknown assassin.
Officer MARTIN JUDGE, December 12, 1916. Hit by street car.
Officer WILLIAM F. SHEEHAN, June 25, 1917. Shot by Thos. Sheehan.
Officer JOHN B. HURD, January 27, 1918. Killed by street car.
Sergeant JOHN J. MORIARITY, May 26, 1919. Shot by V. Osakin.
Detective Sergeant ANTONE SCHOEMBS, Nov. 19. 1919. Shot by bandits.
Officer JAMES W. HORTON, September 19, 1920. Shot by unknown assassin.
Detective Sergeant MILES JACKSON, December 5, 1920. Shot by gangsters.
Detective LESTER DORMAN, December 5. 1920. Shot by gangsters.
(Officer THOMAS HANNA, January 15, 1921. Shot by unknown assassin.
Officer THOMAS WALSH. July 4, 1922. Shot by auto bandits.
Detective Sergeant TIMOTHY BAILY, Aug. 3, 1922. Shot by Walter Castor.
Corporal THOMAS KELLY, June 4, 1923. Shot by John Paris.
Officer JOSEPH CONROY. November 3. 1923. Killed by automobile.
Sergeant MICHAEL J. BRADY, October 5. 1924. Shot by William Rhinehart.
(Officer (^.EORGE CAMPBELL. April 9, 1925. Shot by Felix Sloper.
Officer BENJAMIN G. ROOT, April 1, 1926. Killed by unknown assassin.
Officer JOHN J. DRISCOLL, June 28, 1927. Shot by bandits.
C^fficer FREDERICK N. SPOONCER. Nov. 24, 1928. Killed by automobile.
Officer JOHN MALCOLM, April 29, 1930. Shot by bandits.
Officer CHARLES ROGERSON, November 23. 1930. Killed by automobile.
Officer CHARLES W. KING, June 7. 1931. Killed by automobile.
("Ifficer ELMER C. THONEY. JX-cember 31, 1931. Killed by street car.
C")fficcr WILLIAM E. MANNING, January 2, 1932. Shot by George Rankin.
Officer MERVYN A. REARDON. Juno 9. 1932. Shot by Glenn Johnson.
Officer MICHAEL J. McDONALD, August 26, 19.3 3. Shot by James Kirk.
Officer JAMES H. MANN, February 26, 1934. Killed by James Jacobs.
Officer EDWARD F. FLAGLER, February 8. 1937. Hit-run driver.
Officer ALBERT W. ARGENS. February 21, 1937. Shot by Elliot Ambrose.
(Officer CORNELIUS BROSNAN. November 15, 1937. Killed by auto.
Officer WALDEMAR L. JENTZSCH. Dec. 25. 1937. Killed chasing speeder.
Officer WALTER SALISBURY. Jan. 1, 1939. Shot by George Dally.
(Officer VINCENT 1'. LYNCH. August 30, 1941. Killed by auto.
Officer TIMOTHY RYAN, February 1 1, 1943
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
S-F.P.D- — The Pawnshop Detail
By Opie L. Warner
A city of the size of San Francisco will always have
its quota of burglars and sneak thieves. Now, this army
of evildoers secure other people's property not because
they are hungry or because they have starving children
but merely to eat, drink, and enjoy themselves without
having to remain on any payroll, or conduct any business.
The value of property stolen here annually runs into
immense figures. The thieves have to turn their illgotten
goods into cash and have roughly two sources — so-called
■■fences," and pawnshops and second hand stores.
The fences may he local but more frequently they are
noticing the same signature in different pawnshops, in
cases where the cautious thiet was trying to dispose of
his stolen wares piecemeal.
Yearly the number of parked automobiles is on the
increase and thus yearly we find a new class of thief on
the increase — the auto property theft thief. His partner
in crimes of this class — the hop head — is also becoming
more numerous. For this reason some of Lieutenant
Miller's Booster Detail, under Inspector Jerry Smith, are
definitely detailed to bring to justice this cheap class of
sneaks who ply their trade out at the Ocean Beach, the
MEMBERS OF THE PAWNSHOP AND SHOPPING DETAILS
Front row, left to right: Inspectors Joseph Engler, Clifford Dunleavy, Eugene R. McDonnell, Lieutenant Samuel Miller, Inspectors
Robert Rauer and Louis Lang. Back row: Inspectors Charles Hennessy, James Mitchell, Raymond O'Brien. John O'Keefe, Edgar
Paul, James O'Neill and John Ahern.
located in some city many miles from here — in eastern
or middle west states.
Naturally our San Francisco thieves will try to get
rid of their wares in pawnshops or second-hand stores
here or in Oakland. That is the reason why pawnshops
are, according to the provisions of local ordinances,
under the direct supervision of the Police Department,
and their books, records, and the property taken in
pledge or for sale, is always subject to police inspection.
Members of the Pawnshop Detail, under the super-
vision of Lieutenant Sam Miller, are constantly check-
ing every pawnship and second-hand store, junk yard,
et cetera. In addition to checking the records in these
places they carefully examine the goods taken in and the
signatures and description of the parties bringing in such
goods or articles. Some fine arrests have been made by
Fleishhacker Zoo, in the golden Gate Park, as well as
down town. These sneak thieves cause almost as much
woe to our good citizens as the army of law breakers who
rifle homes for a living.
The fact that arrests of burglars and sneak thieves
reveal a constant stream of first offenders speaks well
indeed for the department Burglary Detail, under In-
spector James Johnson, and the Pawnshop Detail. To
give an idea of the work accomplished, in the matter of
the recovery of stolen property and the arrests in con-
nection therewith, it is only necessary to state that the
value of property recovered during the past year was
97,607.00, while the arrests for burglary and petty and
grand theft were: Burglary, 409; Grand Theft, 207;
Petty Theft, 1206.
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
Alameda Police Department Forges Ahead With
Chief George R. Doran, In Charge, And 24 Years
Experience Standing Him In Good Stead
By B. S. (Sandy) Sanders, Veteran Police Reporter, editor and Writer.
Coming up through the ranks, starting as a "rookie cop"
24 years ago. Chief George R. Doran of the Alameda
Pohce Department, still finds police work, exciting, exact-
ing, and very much worth while.
This year. Chief Doran is rounding out six years as head
(>lii<.l (jeorge Duran checks over reports witli Lieutiiiaiit
of the Alameda Police DepartiiiL-nt and says with pride:
"I've under me a fine group of men -alert, earnest, able,
honest. A lot of these men have come up the hard way,
entering the department as almost juveniles in the begin-
ning, ending up at this writing with officers' stripes.
"Police work is exacting but it has its rewards in the
friends we make, in the understanding we get of our fel-
low citizens, of the wrong-doers, of our ability to cope with
any type of crime without malice, without pre-dawn con-
clusions as to the guilt or innocence of the person or per-
sons involved and held for investigation.
"Never have I or any members of the Alameda Police
Department found our job too exacting. I'm mighty proud
of the fellows who are still wearing the uniforms and the
stars today. While we have a number of youngsters, just
starting out with an earnest desire to make police work
their career, I'm backing the veterans who keep the new-
comers in line, who give them friendly, kindly advice, who
point out the right way to handle every police problem.
We're forging ahead here in Alameda.
"The World War II years, were strenuous. We had
outsiders in our midst who didn't grasp the fact that Ala-
meda is essentially a home city, that it never has laid claim
to be a Bohemian municipality where the law is lenient
with evil-doers in a friendly sort-of-way. The result has
been that Alameda todays stands out as a white spot in the
nation as to crime — major crimes particularly. And this
because we have an able, alert, on-the-toes department of
officers and patrolmen.
"Were passing through the post-war period. There are
many hangovers from the days of big pay in the shipyards,
in the armed services, along Alameda's waterfront which
embraces sections on San Francisco Bay and along the Oak-
land-Alameda estuary. Yet taking it all in all, Alameda has
been remarkably free from vicious crime. Sure the kids
give us a bit of trouble, but we have a juvenile department
that knows where it's headed and the youngsters soon know
The Alameda police department's, communication room is
recogniied as one of the most compact yet most efficient in Cali-
fornia. Here Lieut. Floyd Drake listens in to a broadcast over the
two-way radio system given out by Patrolman John Weber.
that the law is the law and that minor delinquencies can
lead into major crimes."
Chief Doran is a mechanical engineer by profession, he's
a University of California graduate and he served with
distinction in World War I in the European area for
about four years. Yes, with the United States Army.
Who's Who in the Dep.^rtment
Backing Chief Doran in his efforts to keep Alameda out
in front as a law-abiding municipality are these outstanding
(Continued on page 66^
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
Evan James New President S F P O Association
The new officers of the San Francisco PoHce Officers'
Association have been installed for the year 1948.
President — Officer Evan D. James, Traffic.
First Vice President — Officer Eddie Nevin, Northern
Second Vice President — Officer Theodore Dolan, In-
Officer Evan J.ames
New President of S. F Police Officers" Association.
Secretary — Officer James Haggerty, Northern
Treasurer — Officer Paul L. Zgraggen, Southern.
In the new president, the Association has a college
trained member of the Police Department.
He was born in Butte, Mont., in 1898, but when six
years of age he was brought to San Francisco where he
grew up, got his education and graduated from the Uni-
versity of San Francisco in 1930, coming out with a
In 1933 he joined the Police Department, and was
assigned to the Morals Detail out of the office of former
^hief William J. Quinn. During 1935 he was assigned
to the newly formed radio car patrol, serving in that
capacity for some three years. Then he was assigned
to the Traffic Bureau and during the late war he was
transferred to Traffic. He served here on foot patrol,
radio cars and is now riding a three-wheeler out of the
Motorcycle headquarters down on Fourth street. His
assignment is around the City Hall and vicinity.
President James was married 22 years ago and there
is a daughter, Mary, in the family who is a second year
student at City College.
The new president, with his legal training is well
equipped to carry out the ideals and policies of the Police
He states that it will be his earnest aim to maintain
the harmony among the members of the Police Depart-
ment; work for bettering working conditions, principal
of which is to see what can be done about getting a
40-hour week for the department. Los Angeles and other
California cities work on the 40-hour week, while San
Francisco works on the 44 -hour week.
The most important objective of the Association is to
prepare, and they are preparing, a measure to be sub-
mitted to the electorate this coming November, for im-
proving pensions for Police Officers. In this move it is
their intention to try and get pensions continued to the
wives and dependents of officers who die.
The new President has appointed a public relations
and grievance committee, new ones for the Association,
and v»ith the Legislative Committee the work of carrying
out the policies will be distributed to more active members.
President James takes over after the term of Sergeant
Joseph Perry as presiding officer. Sergeant Perry lived
up to the prediction this magazine made when he was
installed in the high office more than a year ago.
He increase the membership, provided for more enter-
tainment, leading was the Christmas party in Civic
Auditorium, managed by Officer L. D. Sevenau. Over
800 children were present, and successfully led the winning
fight for a monthly increase of $25 across the board.
Also he introduced the innovation for the Association
of having two alternates to serve with each member of
the board of directors, made up of one representative
from each station and bureau. He called the directors
into meeting each month before the regular monthly
meeting of the membership, and here all matters that
might be of interest to all the Association were presented,
debated and those that were considered good were made
ready to present at the regular meeting. Those adverse
were discarded. If a station's regular appointed director
was unable to appear at the Directors' meet, one of his
alternates would show up. While he had no vote, he
could present anything that his station members desired
presented. It worked out most successfully.
The Directors meetings were held on the second Tues-
day each month and the membership meetings on the
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POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
NEW LOOK OF C H P DESCRIBED
The Monterey County Peace Officers" Association,
headed by Chief Joseph Corby, of King City, president,
and Chief George Weight of Salinas as secretary-treas-
urer is a most progressive organization, and its monthly
meetings bring out a big attendance of law enforcement
Chief George Weight
with a speaker, who is recognised for his understanding of
the problems of peace officers, and is able to present them
intelligently and interestingly. Entertainment is also pro-
vided and for the June meeting Chief Corby is planning
.1 barbecue to be held in his home town.
The Monterey Association has an unique feature in
scheduling their meetings. It is well known that if a meet-
ing is set for a definite date there are many who can not
attend. So this live association has solved this problem by
the simple means of progressing the dates. Starting with
Monday of the second week of the month the next meeting
is scheduled for Tuesday and so on until all week days are
used up, then it starts over again with a Monday date.
That way every peace officer of the county is able to attend
one or more meetings during the year.
At the April meeting held in Salinas, with Chief Weight
as host the featured speaker was Commissioner Clifford E.
Peterson, of the CHP. The following account is from the
story appearing in the Salinas Ddilv Calif ornian:
Patrol activity of the California Highway Patrol is
scheduled to be increased 2^ per cent in the near future,
Clifford E. Peterson, CHP commissioner, stated last night.
Speaking before 81 members and guests of the Monterey
County Peace Officers' Association at Walker's Cafe in
Salinas, Commissioner Peterson outlined the growth and
functions of his law enforcement agency. In addition to
stressing patrol activity, he announced the newest develop-
ments of the CHP training program and presented his view
of the "new look" acquired by the CHP under his super-
officers of Monterey County. Each meeting is featured sion.
Chief Joseph Corby
Leading the training program is the new CHP academy
set up two weeks ago at McCleilan field at Sacramento, he
stated. The new academy now is being used to train a
select group of patrolmen, he said. Later it will be utilized
in retraining men already in the patrol. Fifty men are
under intensive training now for a nine weeks' period. Fol-
lowing their course other classes will be recruited until a
basic group of .^00 men are trained, the commissioner
The "new look" which has been given patrol cars is the
result of long study, the commissioner pointed out, and its
effectiveness has been measured statistically. He stated
that patrol cars so painted and marked that motorists can
observe them, are twice as effective as unmarked patrol
(Continued on page 30)
May, 1948 POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS" JOURNAL
Richmond Police Get Pay Raise
With the end ot World War II many prophets said
the City of Richmond, which during the war years con-
tributed so much in sea going vessels and other necessary
equipment and supplies necessary for winning the war,
would lose its population of some 100,000, many of whom
Chief Emmett L. Jones
were drawn to the biggest city in Contra Costa by work
in the various plants. But the war is over for some three
years, and Richmond has not lost its new population.
Try to rent a place to live; try to buy a place anywhere
near prewar costs. You'll meet with many disappoint-
ments. Today the population of Richmond's .^1.7 square
miles of area is 110,000. In 1940 the census placed the
figure at 2i,000.
There is no more shipbuilding, but there are many
other industries booming and calling for skilled and un-
skilled labor. Many who were working in Richmond dur-
ing the war years, got a place to live and are well satisfied
to reside in the city, though their work may be in San
Francisco, Oakland, Berkeley and other bay area com-
To police this big population Chief Emmett L. Jones,
who has been a member of the Police Department since
191 1, and chief for 15 years this month, gets along
mighty well with a force of 102 officers and three
As in other prosperous cities, robberies and burglaries
involving sizeable sums of money have showed some in-
crease, but lesser crimes have shown a decrease. Homi-
cides have lessened during the past year.
Chief Jones has lost one of his veteran Captains. A. J.
Cundy, who was in charge of the uniformed unit of the
Department, and who retired on May 1. His place has
been filled with the promotion of Lieutenant E. E. Phipps
to a Captaincy.
Captain Phipps, who was born in Almy, Wyoming, fifty
years ago, came to Richmond in 1924 and was a motor-
man for the electric railway. On February 16, 1928, he
joined the Richmond Police Department, He was pro-
moted to Sergeant in 1939 and placed in charge of the
record station. Later he was raised to the rank of In-
spector and then to Lieutenant. He is a well set up man
with a fine disposition and makes friends with all with
Captain of Inspectors George Benc.ley
whom he comes in contact.
In addition to his attending all of the "in-service"
schools conducted by the local department, Phipps has
attended a special FBI school in San Francisco, the State