Teachers" Training School in Martine: and El Cerrito,
FBI conducted conferences and, most important of all,
he is a graduate of the FBI National Academy in Wash-
ington. D. C. On his return from the capital the Captain
was placed in charge of the training program of the local
^Continued on page 61 )
The Shamrock Cafe and Fountain
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POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
Mayor DcVore Proposes Record Budget for Fresno P. D.
Two New Precincts and Pistol Range on Tentative Plans — More Police Officers, New
Autos and Radio Transmitters Asked For
Bv Donald Slinkard. Fresno State College, Class of Journalism,
Despite the reluctance of the public to appropriate
additional funds to allow police departments to keep in
line with growing cities, Mayor Glenn M. DeVole, com-
missioner of public safety and welfare, recently proposed
a record tentative budget for the Fresno Police Depart-
Mayor Glenn M. De\'ore
ment, under Chief Raymond T. Wallace, for the next
fiscal year totaling $689,120. The total includes funds
for two new precinct stations and a pistol range. The
new budget is an increase of $121,8J? over last year.
To man the new stations in the northern and eastern
parts of the city on a two-shift basis, 20 additional officers
and six clerks, at a cost of $^^,S00 are included in the
request. The estimate for the cost of the pistol range
is $.^5,000. This is the third year the department has
The Mayor also asked for $28,800 for 16 new cars
and $19,840 to equip the new cars and 12 motorcycles
Industrial - Commercial - Residential
W. C. BRADSHAW CO.
with two-way radios. Funds are also asked to replace
obsolete transmitter equipment. Mayor DeVore proposes
the new precinct stations on the basis of the success of
the West Fresno precinct established last year. He con-
tends precinct stations in the growing northern and
eastern parts of the city will provide quicker response to
calls and all around better police protection in those
thickly populated areas.
Corresponding with the growth of the Fresno Depart-
ment, Captain Joseph E. Brady, head of the Traffic Bu-
reau, now has 43 men, 20 motorcycles, and six patrol
cars in his division. One of his men. Motorcycle Officer
Don Jensen, is attending the Kemper Foundation Schol-
arship traffic control school at Northwestern University.
The course is four and one-half months in duration.
Parking conditions in Fresno, seemingly growing worse
every day due to increased population and larger vehicle
registration, has been alleviated somewhat with the recent
addition of several hundred more parking meters. Upheld
in last year's referendum, the meters paid for themselves
in less than a year and were so successful that the recent
addition was made.
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May. 1948 POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS" JOURNAL
Fresno*s Chief Raymond T.Wallace
Page 1 1
Fresno, with its present population of 90,000 persons
and an area of about 12 square miles, has for its Chief of
Police, a man who has held that position longer than
any other chief in Fresno's history, Raymond T. Wallace.
For 16 years following its incorporation in ISSf, Fresno
He joined the Fresno Police Department in August,
1921, as a patrolman on the night desk. In November,
192^, he was made acting detective sergeant and that title
was made permanent a few months later in May, 1926.
He was promoted to lieutenant on September 16, 1926.
Chief Raymond T. Wallace Assistant Chief A. E. Chapin
had a City Marshal as head of its Police Department.
The title was changed to Chief of Police, and Chief
Wallace is the eighth of these. He has been chief through
the administrations of three mayors, Frank A. Homan,
who appointed him chief in 1939, Z. S. Leymel, and the
Detective Captain Daniel Lung
Named Chief in 19.39, Wallace succeeded the retiring
Chief, Frank P. Traux. The present Chief is married
and is the father of a hoy and a girl.
Chief Wallace is fraternally associated with the Fresno
Lodge, No. 4.39, B. P. O. E.; Manianita Camp No. 160,
Captain Joseph E. Brady
present mayor, Glenn M. DeVore.
Chief Wallace was born in 1894 in Goshen, Tulare
County. After education in the Tulare and Fresno schools,
he became a carrier for the old Fresno Republican in
1910. He held the position of city circulation manager
when his career with the paper ended in 1920.
Lieut. S. A. Meek Liei t W. E. Ellis
Woodmen of the World; and the San Joaquin Valley
Rod and Gun Club.
Wallace's assistant is A. E. (Bert) Chapin, with the
Fresno Police Department for 33 years. Taking over
"temporarily" in 191' the job of driving the police gaso-
(Continued on page i6)
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS" JOURNAL
Sergeant McCoy Heads Busy Juvenile Bureau
Established on February 1, 1940, by Chief Raymond
T, Wallace, the Bureau of Special Service of the Fresno
Police Department seeks to curb juvenile delinquency
through prevention. Sergeant J. H. McCoy, head of
the bureau, has found that the largest single cause for
Sergeant J. H McCoy
the delinquency of juveniles is the widowed home. But,
not to be overlooked as a major contributor to juvenile
crime in Sergeant McCoy's opinion, is automobile theft.
Not only is auto theft the third highest offense committed
by juveniles, but it also leads, the bureau feels, to further
crime. The stolen car, usually traveling at an excessive
speed, promotes further delinquency, as it is a motivating
factor in scores of serious traffic accidents. Burglaries,
robberies, and morals cases often can be directly attributed
to the car stolen by the juvenile for a brief joy-ride.
Since the war, McCoy has found the number of cases
coming to his office indicate a leveling off of juvenile
cases. A trend does exist, however, towards group or
gang activities. Usually two or more juveniles were in-
volved in the offenses committed. These groups, the
bureau finds, are generally in .';earcli of adventure. There
were 151 cases of gang activity in Fresno last year.
The cases involving juveniles occuring most frequently
in Fresno last year were runaways located 86, juveniles
out of control 77, morals 22, petit theft 126, drunkenness
23, vagrancy 64, malicious mischief 2?. disturbing the
peace 1 .3, grand auto theft (S, and burglary 14.
Sergeant McCoy, father of four children himself, is a
friendly, reassuring man who quickly puts people at ease
and is probably ideally suited for his work with youngsters.
His bureau last year investigated 1,^17 juveniles with
action being taken in 528 cases. The age frequently en-
countered by the bureau was 15 with a total of lO.i cases.
Age 17 was second with 99 cases. The month of greatest
activity was June with 71 cases.
Homes in which one or both parents were deceased
contributed 152 juvenile cases to the bureau last year.
Working parents or parents was .second with ''5, and
parents separated or divorced was third with .3 5. The
bureau found that 88 children got into trouble because
of a desire for adventure or employment. Six youths
were in trouble because of adult influence, three because
of the influence of a leader, and HI, gang activity.
Of the 528 juveniles apprehended last year by the
B. S. S., 137 were high school students, 83 were not in
school, 214 were non-resident, two were college students,
and one a parochial school pupil. Of the total of 401
males and 127 females, 362 claimed some church affiliation
while 166 did not. Native white children were most
frequently encountered with a total of 321. Native
Mexican children were second with 144.
The bureau also handles juveniles apprehended for
"rolling traffic" violations. After a review of the case
^Continued on page i4 I
r - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .
Fulton and Mariposa
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Pioneer Mercantile Co.
SHOP EQUIPMENT - TOOLS
RADIOS - PAINTS
Fresno 8, California
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
Fresno County Peace Officer's Association
The Fresno County Peace Officers" Association has a you may remember against the Japanese navy which
new president — James C. Strattan of the California wasn't much of a navy after Admiral Nimits and his boys
Highway Patrol, serving the great raisin county. The got through with it. Too, Governor Earl Warren was
Association under its new president is starting its 12 th an honored invited guest and Mayor DeVore a member
year with some mighty important activities. Most im- of the Association, was on hand to give all a welcome,
portant is the nearly completed pistol range. This range Jhe officers for 1948 of the Association are:
Miss Helen Stephanish
Fresno P. D. Secretary and Secretary Fresno Association
is located at the corner of Braky and Shave avenues four
miles outside the Fresno city limits. It is on H acres of
land, and when finished will have a range of 25 targets
of 50 and 25 national and police courses. There will be
three FBI practical police courses which provide for de-
fense shooting of over 50 yards.
The cost of this project has been met by the members,
some 350, and they will have 400 by the end of this year.
Every member has contributed cash and many of them
labor and needed supplies. When it is completed it will
represent an investment of $10,000.
The time for the opening of the Range is tentatively
set for September 1. By that time in addition to the place
for the slug slingers it is hoped barbecue equipment will
have been installed, trees planted and the place made at-
tractive as a picnic ground for the members and their
President Strattan has worked hard for this needed
range that the members of the law enforcement agencies
of Fresno county can get the practice so urgently needed
by those who fight for law and order.
Probably what is the biggest attraction the Association
has ever had and one that it will be hard to excel in the
future was the annual picnic held on May 11. This
celebration, which took place in the Italian Amusement
Park was hmited to 1000 specially invited guests and
members of the Association. The guest of honor was
Admiral Chester Nimitz, who did a little sea fighting
President J.\mes C. Stratton
President — James C. Strattan.
First Vice President — Constable Eugene Hunter,
Second Vice President — Jack Christian, State Board of
Secretary-Treasurer — Helen Stefanish, secretary. Chief
Fresno Police Department.
President Strattan was born in Bunker Hill, Kansas,
in 1908. With his parents he migrated to Fresno in 1914.
He got his education in the schools of Fresno and in 1938
he joined the California Highway Patrol, being assigned
to Tulare county.
He was transferred to Fresno county in 1942.
The new president was married to Naomi Harlan and
the couple have two children, a daughter, Dorothy, and
a son, Henry.
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FRESNO 12. CALIF.
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POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
Fresno State College Police Training Course
Emphasizing the importance of practical training and
a sound educHtional foundation plus a belief that punish-
ment alone does not seem to prevent or deter the criminal
from acting, William Dienstein, coordinator of the crim-
inology curriculum and assistant professor of criminology
at the Fresno State College, has set out to provide trained
men and women to give to public administration those
qualities now required of teachers, engineers, public health
officials, and accountants.
At FSC only two years, Dienstein now offers his stu-
dents professional training in the field of the general
administration of justice which includes such specifics as
police, probation, parole, prisons, school attendance, social
work, and law.
Graduated from Stanford University with a bachelor
of arts degree in 1931 and the Stanford Law School in
1932, Professor Dienstein received his master of arts
degree from the University of California in 1939. He
was for seven years a public school teacher. He was an
tenant of police with the Manila Police Department.
Because all persons employed in the field of the admin-
istration of justice are directly or indirectly charged with
the responsibility of preventing crime, apprehending the
criminal, and rehabilitating the offender, Dienstein em-
phasizes the factors that contribute to behavior, namely,
the biological, physiological, psychological, and socio-
His students of criminology study the origin, growth,
and development of the thinking, feeling, and acting
processes of the individual from birth up to and includ-
ing senility. Knowledge is sought of what makes indi-
viduals behave as they do, and for this reason, majors
in criminology are advised to minor in psychology.
Along with the basic subjects, Dienstein makes com-
pulsory certain "tool" subjects, as for example, English
composition and report writing, which will teach the
students to write, report, and describe accurately, clearly,
and briefly. Courses in criminology are offered in Ad-
The Fresno State Ojllcge Police Force, left to right, front row: Frank W. Thoma.«. president of FSC: Robert Winter. Eugene Lar-
yon. Stanley Barnes, Irving Ivner, Arthur Suddjian, R. W. West, Edward Larabee, and John Kiraly. Middle row: Frederick Rut-
ledge. Student Lieutenant; Ted Slinhard, Arthur Ward, Arthur Tablcr, Charles Bailey, John C. Evans. Vernon Goyctte, Tsu Sing
Cheng, and William Dienstein, coordinator of the FSC criminology curriculum. Back row: Ellsworth Lovcrin. Herman Ziegler. Sam
Eggers, Richard Johnson, Darrell Gotthardt. Glynn Smith, Richard Berkebile, Howard D. Sutlitf. and Ralph Mann.
instructor in the Bakcrsfield Police School and a detective
sergeant on the Taft Police Department before he entered
the army in 1941. As a captain in the corps of military
police, Dienstein was an instructor in the provost marshal
general's schixil, and for two years was with the Depart-
ment of Criminal Investigation.
An MP with the First Cavalry Division, he was crim-
ministration of Justice, Police Organization .ind Admin-
istration, Police Records, Traffic Control, Crimin.il In-
vestigation and Identification, Detection of Deception,
Criminology, Psychology of the Criminal, Practice in
Youth Supervision, Crime Prevention, and Police Patrol
and Communication. Dienstein teaches most of the courses
inal investigation officer for 18 months. Before going to himself although some traffic courses are handled by
Fresno State College in August, 1946, the educator was members of the Fresno Police Department. Conducting
chief of the criminal investigation laboratory and a lieu- /Continued on page 41 )
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
Don^t Leave Ignition Keys In Your Car
Sergeant Scott of Fresno P. D. Has Bill Before the Legislature to Curb This Practice Which
Accounts for 90% of Auto Thefts
By the relatively simple method of requiring motorists Sergeant Scott, with the Fresno Department almost 25
to remove the ignition keys from their cars when they years, and head of the auto theft bureau, is not only
park them, Detective Sergeant John A. Scott of the enthusiastic and determined to see his idea made law,
Fresno Police Department believes law enforcement agen- but he has the figures and facts to point out conclusively
cies can reduce considerably the number of automobile why it should be law. First, he points out that law en-
thefts occuring each year in California. A bill, the brain forcement agencies have grouped car thefts into three
classes. One is the joy riding group in which 100 per
cent of those involved are juveniles and young adults.
Another is transportation in which haft are juveniles and
the last, commercial theft in which the cars are stolen
for the purpose of stripping, changing motor numbers
and bodies, and forged titles and certiiicates.
In Fresno in 1946, of the 147 arrests made for car
theft, 122 of the stolen cars had the keys in them or
had faulty ignition locks. Of those arrested, 53 per cent
were under 21 years of age and 77 per cent under 25.
Sergeant Scott attributes 93 per cent of all car theft to
keys being left in the ignition and 98 per cent of the
thefts to the keys being made available such as under
floor mats, over sun visors, in glove compartments, or to
broken ignition locks. Figures published by the Federal
Bureau of Investigation show automobile theft to be the
third most frequent major crime committed in this coun-
try. Only burglary and larceny exceeded it in 1947, as
184.7.^0 cars, one every 2.8^ minutes, were stolen last
year. The FBI also shows that, while burglary has in-
creased only 10 per cent, automobile thefts have risen
70 per cent.
Sergeant Scott's main contention is, therefore, that a
law forcing motorists to remove the keys from their cars
I Continued on page 5 5 I
Sergeant John A. Scott
child of Sergeant Scott, has, in fact, been introduced to
the Cahfornia Legislature by Assemblyman J. G. Crichton
which would make it a misdemeanor to leave unattended
cars with keys in them.
Believing that auto theft not only leads to millions of
dollars lost annually in unrecovered cars, damage, incon-
venience, and police costs. Sergeant Scott also states that
stolen cars are a major factor in leading to juvenile de-
linquency and later to a life of crime.
Before such organizations as County Peace Officers'
Associations, the American Legion, women's clubs, civic
bodies, and various fraternal, and business clubs. Sergeant
Scott, in less than a year, has given 35 talks promoting
his idea in Fresno and adjoining counties. In addition
he has made several radio broadcasts and inaugurated a
plan whereby stickers reading, "Don't Invite Theft
Lock Your Car— Remove Keys" were pasted on all of
Fresno's parking meters, and a banner with a similar
warning hung across a main street.
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Page J 6
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
Sheriff George J. Overholt of Fresno
With 30 years of unbrokim service in the sheriff's office.
Sheriff George J. Overholt is now in his fifth term and
18th year as sheriff of Fresno County. As undersheriff
for 12 years from 1919 until he was first elected sheriff
in 1930, he served as assistant to Sheriff W. F. Jones.
Shf.riff Gforce J. Overholt
His long experience has naturally seen many changes in
the office, the greatest of which was undoubtedly the new
jail which was built in 1942 and first occupied in March
1943. Modeled after some of the best equipped and most
modern jails in the country, the new Fresno institution
has beds for a capacity of 300, although due to the rapid
growth of the county, the average daily population of the
jail tor last year was 350. It serves as lock-up for both the
county and City of Fresno. The first jail in Fresno was
located in the Court House, but nuie years later a separate
building was ctnistructed to quarter prisoners. This tiny
structure, ridiculously small for the needs of Fresno Coun-
toy, was finally replaced with the present building in 1943.
Radio equipment, one way at first, was provided in
1940. The sheriff's 16 cars, operating out of KGZA,
control 2, have been equipped with two-way radio since
Assisting Sheriff Overholt in policing the rural areas
of Fresno County with its 5,950 square miles and popu-
lation of 286,500, is Undersheriff John W. Ford who
has held that position since Overh(jlt took office in 1931.
Harold E. Emmick, chief criminal deputy, has been with
Overholt for 12 years, from 1931 to 1936 and again
trom 1941 to the present. In his position, Emmick assigns
the deputies to specific duties and handles all reports
coming into the leaving the sheriff's office. Fred KoU is
chief civil deputy. In charge of the bureau of identifi-
cation is J. Ed Martin who handles photographs, finger-
prints, handwriting, etc. Overholt's head jailer is Lee
Overholt has a total of 49 men and women in his de-
partment or one employee for every 6,000 persons in the
county. Since 1940 the population of Fresno County
has increased tremendously — by 60.45 per cent or 107,935
persons. The sheriff is responsible for the 160,000 people
who reside outside of incorporated areas in Fresno County.
Approximately 110,000 live within the limits of the cities
of the county.
Sheriff Overholt, who was born at Clark's Valley,
Fresno County, in 1883, has lived all of his life in Fresno
County. His parents were pioneer residents of the county
and were some of the original homesteaders there.
Overholt's office was recently praised when Attorney
General Fred N. Houser declared Fresno County an
"unhealthy place for racketeers."
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i May. 1948
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS" JOURNAL
1948 S F P Widows* and Orphans Aid Association
The San Francisco Police Widows" and Orphans" Aid
Association"s annual concert and ball for 1948 is over,
and for the event, held in the Civic Auditorium on the
night of April 17, the members of the Police Department
hung up a new record for ticket sales. The total number
of tickets disposed of was more than ever sold for this
The money netted, after the income take is deducted,
will go a long way in helping out the Association's
treasury which was greatly reduced during 1947 when 42
members passed away. This called for the distribution
of more^than a quarter of a million dollars to surviving
widows and orphans.
Captain Jack Ekcr the general chairman and his com-
mittees" have received lavish praise for the show they put
on and the energetic manner the sale of ticket was
The officers of the general committee for this year's
show who gave such great assistance to Captain Eker,
were Deputy Chief James Quigley, first vice president;
Lieutenant Walter Ames, second vice president: Director
Alexander McDaniell, ticket chairman; Officer Henry
Schutzer, treasurer, and Inspector Thomas Fitspatrick.
The committee of arrangements, numbering 143, pitched
m and did a swell job in the respective activities they
The reception committee, headed by Captain Pootel,
numbered 36 men, and they all showed up in their best
bib and tucker, shedding great credit to the Police
Inspector Herman Wobckc headed the Floor Com-
mittee of 12 members, and they sent the grand march
going off with flying colors and every one who tripped
the light fantastic can attest to their efficiency.
The Police Veterans Committee of which Retired Of-
ficer John J. McCarte was chairman, had 23 of the old
timers help carry on in Larkins hall where old time dances