404 WASHINGTON STREET SONORA, CALIF.
Everything in Hardware
RADIOS - CUTLERY - TOOLS
SPORTSMEN'S SUPPLY STATION
Franklin G. Oliver
J. C. Garaventa
J. W. Martin
C. H. BURDEN UNDERTAKING CO.
CARRIE BURDEN WARNE, Mgr.
PALACE MEAT MARKET
WHOLESALE and RETAIL BUTCHERS
GEORGE H. FORBES
F. C. Holman. Prop.
THE MUNDORF MERCANTILE CO.
POWDER - PAINTS and OILS - HARDWARE - CROCKERY
Mining Supplies - Cement - Agricultural Implements - Stoves
WENZEL'S MEN'S WEAR
F. E. Wenzel. Prop.
NATIONALLY KNOWN LINES OF MERCHANDISE
PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR
O. J. MOURON
MACBETH & SONSâ€” Furniture
HORSE SHOE CLUB
NeÂ«l to Post Office
WILSON AUTO LAUNDRY
MOTOR . CHASSIS
321 TENTH STREET OAKLAND 7. CALIF.
Phone GLencourt 1-0298
Farmers' Rice Growers Cooperative
503 Market Street
January. 1948 POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS" JOURNAL Page 31
CITY APPLIANCE 8c ELECTRIC
LIGHT LUNCHES - SANDWICHES
HOMEMADE ICE CREAM
310 WASHINGTON STREET SONORA. CALIF. 74 7 SECOND AVE. OAKDALE, CALIF.
MILLARD'S A. L. GILBERT COMPANY
FLORAL SHOP - GARDEN SHOP - NURSERY GRAIN - FEED - INSURANCE
Q-D TRANSIT MIX CONCRETE LIVE OAK INN
North Gate to Yosem^te
SOLD BY WEIGHT Mr. and Mrs. Claude Turnbow, Managers
MONO ROAD SONORA. CALIF. Tel:phone 6511
O. E. Salyer, Owner E. O. Edwards, Manager
FAY'S ASSOCIATED SERVICE
GRAIN - FEED
FOUNTAIN AND LUNCH OAKDALE FEED COMPANY
ROUTE NO. 2 SONORA. CALIF. Telephone 4341
T.lephone Oakdale 7175 Rt. 2, Box 139 A
ARCHIE L. ALBERS OAKDALE AUTO PARTS
BOX SHOOK & CLEATS AUTO PARTS AND ACCESSORIES
OAKDALE CALIFORNIA 732 Yosemlte Avenue
Phone 7,7 7 Res. Phone 4 I 67 ^Ji^^U^ P. O. Bo. 4U
HolHs' Harper. Owner HOPE'S MEAT MARKET
BUTANE & PROPANE AND LOCKER PLANT
P. O. Box 1109 Third Avenue and E Street Phone 4241
EAST SONORA HIGHWAY OAKDALE, CALIF. OAKDALE CALIFORNIA
Phone 3033 Fred E. Heggie
OAKDALE BUILDERS SUPPLY ^^^ BONDS
LUMBER AND BUILDING MATERIALS
Best Grades â€” Competitive Prices
P. O. Box 7 Phone 741 I
WILLIAM F. KAUFMAN
4th AVENUE AND H STREET
BEER â€” the Best â€” Plenty of it â€” and ICE COLD
WINE - BEER - LUNCHES - SANDWICHES
CIGARS - CANDY - TOBACCO - CIGARETTES
Mr. and Mrs A. Pedretti. Props.
DEW DROP INN
EASY WASHING MACHINE home cooked meals - home made pies
COLD BEER - GAS AND OIL
SAN FRANCISCO CALIFORNIA Highway 99. 4^4 Miles East of REDLANDS
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
CRIME TRENDS IN CALIFORNIA
By Chief George H. Brereton
Division of Criminal Identification and Investigation, State Department of Justice
During the first half of 1947 (and prior to August 15)
a total of 34,114 felonies were reported to the Division
of Criminal Identification and Investigation. This figure
is 57 per cent of the total 66,732 felonies reported for the
year 1946, indicating a probable increase of 14 per cent
in the felony "work-load" of the Division.
This does not include supplemental or "follow-up"
Chief George H. Brereton
reports, nor does it include reports on misdemeanors.
This data, however, cannot be considered as having very
much significance, with respect to the crime problem in
California, when one notes the apparent omissions among
the reports forwarded to the Division.
For example: One large sheriff's department reported
no homicides or assaults during the first six months of
1947, while a police department of a city having nearly
100,000 population, forwarded only one burglary report
during the same period. In two other fairly large sheriff's
offices the only crime reports forwarded to the Division
concerned fraudulent and fictitious checks while a police
department in a city having nearly 60,000 population
forwarded only four crime reports â€” all being reports
on bad check cases.
In addition to those departments who are reporting
only at irregular intervals, and then only concerning cer-
tain types of felonies, examples may be cited of law
enforcement agencies who do not forward any reports
to the Division. In this group are found four sheriff's
departments having jurisdiction over unincorporated areas
containing respectively, 65,000, 59,000, 30,000, and
26,000 population. Among the cities whose police de-
partments are not reporting crimes occurring in their
areas is one with a population between 90,000 and 95,000,
a second city with 24,000, a third with 23,000, and a
fourth with 18,000 population. When we note such
omissions as those just cited, about the only thing that
we should say is that based upon information presently
obtainable, there will probably be at least a "14 per cent
increase in the felony work load of the Division" in 1947,
as compared to that in 1946.
Although it has been indicated that one of the reasons
complete statistical information on "Offenses Known to
the Police" is not available in the division, is due to the
fact that crime reports on all felonies are not being for-
warded by all city and county law enforcement agencies,
we have not discussed the reasons why the reports are
not being forwarded.
Probably there are many reasons which might be of-
fered. One answer to the question would be that, in the
past, the Division of Criminal Identification and Investi-
gation, because of inadequate equipment and personnel,
did not provide the contributing law enforcement agencies
with the information on crime and criminals which should
have been developed by a careful analysis of the crime
reports which were received from the contributor. Na-
turally if the contributing law enforcement agency re-
ceived little or nothing in return for the crime reports
forwarded to the Division, it soon lost hope of any assist-
ance, became careless as to the forwarding of reports,
and sometimes ceased sending them entirely.
Another reason probably can be found in the fact that
during the past fifteen or twenty years, many personnel,
changes have occurred in the police and sheriff's depart-
ments. Not only have former heads of departments been
replaced by new officials, the "rank and file" have changed
as the department has grown and during the past few
years, men have been called to military service. Since,
as has been stated, the Division was inadequately staffed
WINSLOW ENGINEERING COMPANY
OIL AND AIR PURIFYING EQUIPMENT SINCE 1923
AUTOMOTIVE - INDUSTRIAL - MARINE
Phont OLymp:c 2-0288
406<) MOLLIS STREET OAKLAND 8. CALIFORNIA
S. J. Var
OAKLAND'S NEWEST LIQUOR
AND FOOD BAR
OAKLAND 7. CALIFORNIA
WESTERN-CALIFORNIA FISH CO.
FRESH. SALT AND SMOKED FISH
Phone TEmplebar 2-4900
425 HARRISON STREET OAKLAND
January, 1 948
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
and equipped before the war for the job it was to per-
form, contact with respect to proper crime reporting was
not maintained with local law enforcement agencies. For
this reason, in a considerable number of instances, the
local departments did not realise that they were required
to forward copies of all felony reports to the Division,
and neither had the standard report forms, nor any in-
formation as to how them were to be compiled, available
in their departments.
There is still another reason "which certainly
explains the reluctance of some police forces to
compile and publish reports showing the number
of crimes committed. It is derived from the ten-
dency to charge the crime rate against the police
rather than against the community, and the temp-
tation to draw from such statistics broad general-
izations concerning the relative efficiency of various
police forces. ... It springs also from a profound
distruct, frequently expressed, of the practical
value of many statistical compilations. These
police officers . . . are reluctant to accept statis-
tical demonstrations of an increase or decrease in
crime and police efficiency when measured by the
number of arrests, convictions or prisoners in
penal institutions." (Committee on Uniform Crime
Records, International Association of Chiefs of
Police, Uniform Crime Reporting, 1929, p. 2.)
It is realized that the facts just mentioned have in the
past discouraged many police departments and sheriffs'
offices from forwarding copies of their crime reports to
the State Division. However, the time has now come
to impress upon all law enforcement agencies the absolute
need for complying with the law requiring that "copies
of all felony reports" be forwarded to the Division.
I do not wish to emphasize that crime reports be for-
warded just because the law states that every sheriff or
chief of police shall do so. If this were the only reason,
and there were no practical benefits to be derived from
such reporting, then I would say that the law should be
abolished â€” but this is not true. The local department will
reap innumerable benefits in its own community by main-
taining good reporting and record systems. All depart-
ments throughout the State will benefit if each depart-
ment promptly forwards copies of all crime reports for
analysis and correlation.
Although in the past lack of personnel and equipment
prevented the Division from properly processing the crime
reports, fingerprint cards, pawned and stolen property
reports, and other types of reports and information re-
ceived from local law enforcement agencies, on July 1 of
this year, the Legislature provided the necessary money
to remedy this situation. Most of the new personnel have
already been employed and it is hoped, within the next
three months, that International Business Machine equip-
ment will be delivered. At that time we expect to greatly
increase our efficiency, but in the meantime we hope that
the local departments will do their part by promptly for-
warding copies of reports concerning crimes committed
in their areas. zcr n i~> *â€¢ j i
f To Be Continued)
CHESLEY M. WALTER
Attorney at Law
1 41 9 Broadway HIgate 4445
KIPPLEY & LEE
Phone KEIlog 2-80)2
ISlh Ave. & E. Twelfth Street
OAKLAND 6, CALIFORNIA
BUILT-IN CABINETS - SASH DOORS - SCREENS
8941 San Leandro Street SW. S-2864
S. KULCHAR & CO.
731 East Tenth Street
COMPLETE HOME FURNISHERS
Furn'ture Show Rooms Main Ottics & Appliance Store
2400 Grove Street 2401 Telegraph Avenue
HIgate 4-6S48 HIgate 4-8123
OAKLAND 12, CALIFORNIA
PIEDMONT LUMBER & MILL CO.
350 Fortieth Street
BREAKFAST - LUNCH - DINNER
We Welcome the Working Men
621 EAST EIGHTH STREET
412 Fourteenth Street
Twenty-third and Grove Streets
Page 34 POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS" JOURNAL January, 1948
EXETER -TULARE COUNTY
A lot of people traveling on the valley route between
the San Francisco Bay Area and Los Angeles miss the
thriving little inland city of Exeter. Exeter lies midway
between San Francisco and Los Angeles, and nestles near
the foothills in Tulare county. It has a population of
upward of 4000, and within its confines are some of the
finest homes, schools, churches and packing houses. These
Chief Joseph J. Borgman
latter run ten months of the year preparing both citrus
and deciduous fruits, grapes and other products raised
on the fertile soil of the adjacent country.
Exeter was incorporated in 1911 and since that time
has provided for its residents fine playgrounds and parks.
It has its own municipally owned water system and its
streets are wide and laid out to furnish home owners
with the incentive to carry out the plants of the founders
to make an attractive city.
The Santa Fe and Southern Pacific railways reach
Exeter to handle the rich crops of the farms and ranches
and an electric line runs from Visalia maintaining its
shops in Exeter.
Beside fruits, grapes and vegetables the Exeter district
is justly noted for its dairy farms and dariy stock as well
as for the breeding of saddle horses. Of the grapes the
Red Emperor grape has brought fame to the region and
it makes up a big part of the hundreds of cars of grapes
shipped annually from Exeter.
Like all municipalities, large or small, it is necessar>'
to have a Police Department. Exeter has one and though
a small one it is a very effective one. It is headed by
Chief Joseph J. Borgman, who was born and reared in
Exeter, joined the Police Department in September 1939,
and eight years later, in 1940, was made Chief. For 2?
TORRES POOL PARLOR
SOFT DRINKS - CIGARETTES - CIGARS
739 SEVENTH STREET
years he has been married, his wife being a native of
Chief Borgman has a force of three officers â€” Zester
Bolen, C. Gaines and Daniel Nations.
NEW YEAR'S GREETINGS
BAY CITY SANITARY RAG CO.
230 Castro Street
NEW YEAR'S GREETINGS
BECKETT 8C FEDERIGHI
1441 Franklin Street
PARK INN BUFFET
lis Ward Street
WINSTON 8C ALBERT SALES CO.
JOBBERS AND BROKERS
1007 Clay Street
L. D. Roulund
Telephone ANdover 1-55S7
GENERAL GRINDING COMPANY
2917 EAST TWELFTH STREET OAKLAND I. CALIFORNIA
THE COLONY CLUB
We Spec'laTze in
SOUTHERN FRIED CHICKEN
We Cater to
BANQUETS, LUNCHEONS AND PARTIES
Eishth and Kirkham Streets
L. T. BOTH
1212 47th Avenue
3J20 FOOTHILL BLVD.
BOB INN CAFE
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
Inspector Jack Cannon Answers Last Roll Call
Inspector John J. Cannon, who retired from the San
Francisco Police Department less than a year ago, died at
St. Francis Hospital on January 1 1 . Though ailing for
many months his death was unexpected as he was receiv-
ing visits from many of his friends since the holidays.
Of the many colorful members of the Police Depart-
ment, Jack Cannon also known as "The Dasher" was
among the highest.
He was born in Stockton and was a locomotive engineer
previous to joining the San Francisco police force in 1912,
after a short term of service with the Emergency Hospital
force in this city.
After joining the Department it did not take long
for him to establish himself as a good "copper." He did
not have to walk a beat very long until he was given
special assignments. Among those who craved his services
was the late Mayor James Rolph, and it was on one of
the many occasions he was assigned to the Mayor that
"The Dasher" walked in and saw His Honor laboriously
signing bond certificates, each bond had to be signed by
the mayor with pen and ink. Jack Cannon watched as
Mayor Rolph signed the documents. He remarked there
must be some way that the work could be done more
The Mayor said "can you figure any such way?"
Then the Inspector had a bright idea. The bonds were
six to a sheet. "Why" he exclaimed, "can't you have six
pens made so you can make six signatures at one time
on each sheet?"
The mayor was impressed and called in some experts
to work out the idea and they came up with a hook-up
of six pens that saved a lot of time.
He was brought into the Inspectors Bureau in 1920
and teamed up with the late Inspector Thomas Curtis
on the Bunco Squad dealing with illegal stock manip-
ulators. His work took him to China, South America,
Mexico and other foreign countries and on each trip he
gained much knowledge and this magazine has printed
many stories written by Cannon and his old partner. He
also took part in many big cases involving robberies and
burglaries and was an important member of the force that
captured the fabulous Big Bill O'Connor, big time
But where he was at his best was opera first nights,
and at social events in the city and down the peninsula
where the wealthy needed some wise officer to see that
guests went home with the furs and jewelry they wore
to the social events. In full dress he was an imposing
man, and his experience as a champion amateur wrestler
gave him a poise that set him in with any class of our
people he had occasion to mingle during his official duties.
England's Duke of Manchester in token of appreciation
of services rendered, presented Inspector Cannon with a
gold plated pistol, a work of art.
Jack Cannon's star No. 666 was well known in this
city and in setting forth the colorful career of the owner
of that police badge a stage play "Officer 666" written
by a San Franciscan was brought into being.
Inspector Cannon lost his wife two years ago and is
survived by four brothers who live in Stockton.
The funeral, on January 14, was held from Gantner,
Felder and Kenny, 1945 Market Street, and a high
requiem mass was celebrated Old St. Mary's church, and
brought out a large gathering of his many friends.
EAST LAKE FLORISTS
W. G. Ford and K. H. Hartman
Eastl4th Street, Near Fifth Avenue
OAKLAND 6. CALIFORNIA
Phon.-: ANdover 1-8962
Thomson 8C Young Motor Sales
C. J. Thomson and L. Young, Proprietors
USED CARS BOUGHT AND SOLD
GENERAL AUTO REPAIRING
I 158 East 14th STREET
OAKLAND 6. CALIF.
ROBERT'S USED CARS
A- 1 CARS
1624 East 17th Street
OAKLAND ANdover 1-8418
J. D. ROBERTS
201 Isl^ton Avenue
DEPENDABLE SAW WORKS
COMPLETE SAW SHARPENING
PRECISION LAWN MOWER SHARPENING
Pickup and Delivery Service
Phone KEIlog 4-1827
1643 East 14th STREET
OAKLAND 6. CALIF.
Proprietor C. W. Kahl
Phone ANdover 1-6276
Wes. Kahl's House of 1000 Bargains
NEW AND USED PLUMBING AND HEATING
TOOLS and ELECTRIC SUPPLIES
2227 East Fourteenth Street
FINO PRODUCTS CO.
MEAT RAVIOLIS MADE FRESH DAILY
Ask for Them at Your Neighborhood Delicatessen
1613 East Fourteenth Street
Phone KEIlog 2-7647
1111 Stanford Avenue
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS' JOURNAL
MODESTO'S POLICE DEPARTMENT
When you come to Modesto, county seat of Stanislaus
county, you'll not find a finer city along U. S. Route 99.
It is a municipality that offers everything in the way of
beauty, and into its busy life there comes endless loads of
fruits, vegetables, grapes, melons, dairy products and
grains. It is a community of law abiding people, and they
Chief U. H. Pickering
aim to keep it that way and the are doing just that for
they have provided a fine Police Department, numbering
The personnel of the Department is made up of men
who, by training and experience in their field of endeavor,
have proven a potential weapon against any would'be
law breaker. They don't have any heavy crime in Modesto,
all because the members of the Police Department are
alert and onto the ways of the transgressor.
The Department is equipped with all the latest means
of combatting crime and the prevention of crime.
It is the county's central office of the state teletype
system and handles messages for the Sheriff's office, the
California Highway Patrol and other cities of the county.
The Department has its radio station KQDQ, and
Modesto is the second city in this part of the country to
adopt two-way radio, that was back in 1933. The radio
station serves five 2 -way equipped patrol cars, one com-
bination patrol and ambulance; two three-wheel cycles,
one with a public address system; four motorcycles with
receivers, a pound wagon. There is an auxiliary standby
transmitter for emergencies.
The Department is furnished with the latest in gas and
gas guns, and an arsenal of small weapons and sub-
machine guns with ammunition are kept on hand and in
first rate shape.
There are also two portable public address systems that
are necessary on occasions where large numbers of people
assemble or some accident or fire calls for such equipment.
The Police Department is under Police Chief U. H.
Pickering. Chief Pickering, who as all know, was formerly
with the American League Boston Red Sox baseball team,
joined the Department on July 3, 1934. He liked his
new job and took advantage of the opportunity for ad-
vancement by paying close attention to his duties and
C. J. Stangy
Studying the many angles of law enforcement. He pro-
gressed through the two ranks of the department, being
made a Sergeant on August 1, 1937, and a Captain on
March 16, 1941. When the death of Chief E. E. Aring-
ton in 1945 caused a vacancy in the top position he was
appointed to take over the duties on March 7, 1945.
Under his direction the Department has been increased
SAN FRANCISCO MARKET
M. E. Angelo, Prop.
MODESTO'S FINEST FOOD MARKET
NINTH AND H STREETS
MODESTO MATTRESS CO.
1210 Ninth Street
Charles Harvey, Prop.
918'/2 I Street
4 9 CLUB
824 Ninth Street
JOE ALLEN'S EMBASSY CLUB
GOOD STOCK OF WHISKIES
716 H STREET
1424 Ninth Street
J. S. WEST AND CO.
A HOME INSTITUTION
POLICE AND PEACE OFFICERS" JOURNAL
from its war time number of 26, and it might be stated
here that of those 26, nine became members of our armed
forces during the late war, and fortunately none lost
their lives in the service of their country'.
The present Captain of the Department is Robert H.
William J. Coulson (traffic), appointed May 6, 1940,
promoted November 16, 1947.
Following is the rest of the roster of the Modesto
Police Department: Officers David C. Cole, Thomas H.
McCumber, Roy E. Livingston, Harry C. Fleming, Leon J.
Livingston, John W. Blake, Lelane U. Murphy, William
RoBT. H. Morton
A. N. Adams
T. H. MaClmber
M. T. Coulson
PeTer Demott Abraham Lamport
F \V. Pittman
J. W. Woods
P. Siner. Lawrence L. Jones, Eugene W. Thompson,
Robert H. Cox. Edward E. McKinsey. Eric C. Larsen,
Joseph D. Drcwry, George T. Bruton and Norman L.
Detectives Elmer F. Horan, Harr>' R. Gorman and
Traffic Officers W. Faye Pittman, Peter E. Demott,
Donald H. Russell and Norman A. Sturm.
Viola G. Rumsey, secretary and Shirlee E. Kettler, clerk.
Officer McCumber handles the maintenance of parking
meters and Traffic Officer DeMott looks after the Junior
QUALITY FOOD STORE No. 1
MEATS AND GROCERIES
FIFTH and H STREET MODESTO. CALIF.
RODSY REELS C. L. (Chuck) BURING
MODESTO ROD AND GUN SHOP
714 H STREET
626 H STREET
SALES - SERVICE
702 u SEVENTH STREET
Morton, who joined on September 12, 1935, and made a
Sergeant the same day. He was appointed to a Captaincy
on May 16, 1945.
There are now four sergeants â€” John W. Smith, joined