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Sarat Chandra Das.

A Tibetan-English dictionary: with Sanskrit synonyms online

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Online LibrarySarat Chandra DasA Tibetan-English dictionary: with Sanskrit synonyms → online text (page 94 of 144)
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^ ga49 1. slow, dilatory, lasys ^fQ"t^
i^frp4mU^ slow in walking, making bat
tardy progress (Di/.); ^V^^'^ im4ml
mit m^i t r neither slow nor qoiok (X 60).
2.sfpi Mf/vaBey, ravine: J-^^'^Vf^^E^
a vaUy of the mountains resembling (the
idainsof) India (A. US).

tthhhpei a kind of movement of the feet

Q«r^(i hiU^rafhpa neither very quiok nor
slow in walking: f«5f«V^'^^ »
moderatelyHEHvift horse (flirom 118).

^ 9^ ftiif^sl^Q 1. wm boy, lad.
2. V. W^ iftiirf^ (c/3.).

^ I: b0l. num. fig-: 106. 2. W.
hx^ hpe (•«.). 3. for ^^ he^do; ^Y'

^ heifif V. ^ 6«fir-^«.

« A0^'»^q^y«l^ a little boji lad
or laMt ^i^lKW-^I^W-W*^'^^!! {a.

^M ht-ekon ^m9 'TO {Zam. S) eUb
with an ornamental hammer, knob,
dorje, or human head-like figure on its top
which the gods generally carry in their
hands to fight with the Asura.

^X^'^9k: be-^tm^ekti ji^iw^ 1. an epithet
of Yishvu, and also of Yama the hrd of
death (4Mm>*). 2. n. of a goddess (Ja.).

^' &4/all=^-M (mystio) (Mid U).

^h94a 1. mf^; ooooa-nut, i^^*
l&4aki^1i the ooooa-nnt tree. 2. Tibetan
name of ^n U-da^twa fl^ Bedar, the
birth place of Nigfirjuna {B9am).

Syn. ^ffrgf^ k^a%4M^ag\ ffra^c«
V>rut4mk% pkufyo; w^^^q «a-^<Ao-

fni^'no^rtM ; *Hfn!^ (ffoHdan (Jlfion,).

^'^ms9^'iffl sulphate of copper.

^9^^' fafkM a flpear or javelin made
of oak-wood {Jig.88)i

^% is-f db, V. ^ quoit, the discus <A the

^m^M hMiM lag-chm n. of a v^^
demon of the ndga class.

t^fam ie-faa^ a mineral mbstanee.

kt &tf-rdW=^^'»rf^'w ffftor-ffM putt-ma.

X ^tWK'^ U-m ra4sa a speeieB of very
small insects (JT. dbi. S i90ift).

d^ l^^rag a hmg and more or less
broad band worn as a head-omament by
all Buddhist women of Ladak, nuns
ezDspted. It is fMteHed to the hair and
is studded with oneto five long rows of
taiqu(nsefr which forcibly saggest serpents
and serpent-wonifaip in generaL In a

Digitized by




oaae in ivbioh a wouuudl wm orteed by
the court to give up Iwr lerag to ilie
oompLuiumt at onoe, she lefaued to do so
saying that this oould not be done as
long as (m tiiat year) tibe iirigation of
the fields lasted, eridendy because of the
•water-eupplying I or nagas.

d-R JBtf-n n. of a disfcriot in the juris-
diction of Ohamdo in B. Tibet (Zo^.
^ 15). ^^Vi^ n. of a petty chief who
f aYouzed the Emna-pa school and helped
Deba Tsaugpa in theivar with the (EOeuth
ohief Ghu'ri Elian, but was killed Vy Urn
(JM. S 15).

a <^ be-hg a great-grand faOier (Ji.).

^ b$ku ^ tk caU: S<i>ra^ ipalieh»
«9lnr n. of a gem; also the emUem of
loTO arid affection repceseutod by a noose.
^'9*1 betit-^mm lit. calf's pot^ i'^., cow's
dug from which the calf sucks milk; fig.
that which yields nourishment to life, met.
spiritual life, hence, soriptnxes. ^V^
l^'Q he^lmm fiUm^ the ancient book on
religion and religious history of the
Eadampa school compiled by Og^^ M

^^^ beg^e^^'^ U^ maades (Bek) ;
also called ^^ nihti.

H^ B6g4m 1. n. of a goddess who
when propitiated protects her deTotees.
2. hidden shirt of mail.

^C* M 1. smaller beams of a house
ivhich support the roof. 3. a stick,
cudgel, dub (Ja.)

d^ 50^ 1. deamess, adva^oriiage: »S*^
be4-ma^ho4 prored of no use, no advan-
tage; *;«iVr«'^^*'«N^« at » time
ivfaen salt was sbdy times deanr (than
barley) (Ok.) ; ^v^S^^^'rf^ MmMW* ia

HU.i ^*S'^«WS^ to be temperate, to
keep moderation in the indulgence of the
appetites {Ja,).

^ben % large pitcher; f^ eh$^n

^ hem at ^^ hm^^^^V^^
(MiUm.) 1. vmintte dialect of upper or
western Tsangsold, worn-out, as of
patched clothes. Also applied to the body,
and defined as vr^P«*S^«»^^5r« «*an
entity deprived of all sense." ^wte-^
^^•V-iiilimrfi on the boundary between
the physical matter of the body and the
soul (MU.). ft-w q5q-q^-«*iw*s-te
Q^v.'4^ by the power of his prayer was
deprived of sense like his own worn-out
•elf (Ftf-ea/ 10; ^«r'P *««Hw #«*•-
IHpt^sfrq ffBug-fM stupid, senseless like a
log of wood or physical matter. ^ V|
cprq benhHg bral^ufa without body and
soul: Rt-Q'ViwaraM'^^gvq the dead are
witiioutbody and souL 2. a receptacle,
box, bag, etc. (Ja.).

a^-ail dam-aiki^sS'^'A^ ikar^okag list of
contents: rrwJ:a«-«T8-^-Q*^^St5-^
^ should refer to those occurring in the
list of contents of the Bgyabab (ffkom.

^^^ ftw* 1. reap. |^ i*a.A«r,»f^ a£s-
gam cloak of thick wooUen olotii uaed by
the lamas of IHbet, in winter; ^M her-
«A«fi a full doak; ^^ lik e m he r a ekak
made up of many pieces (iVft.)> ^'t*>
aeru^M gown of a priest, sacerdotal doak
without decYCs, with ^M ^of-^tai for a
ber4kul fur-doak. 2. burning, sharpneas,
acridity, any biting, stinging quality:
<^tw|P('t^*|^*^ a stinging «r baning of
the blister arose. ^'^ ^M^-aan sharp,
pungent, keen.

Digitized by





^-n h9r4oag a itiok or ftafl; l^^*** W^
Ur^maimDe,hmboo itdok (MU.); ^'^nn
dir-Ma jiM^ a iwitolL

Syn. M^«>«y«^-iHi; ^f«^»Wflr-«»;
V^-^ *Wtir^J|fi^ (40011.).

^'iK'«( i0r^80rw«w an aqoatio graai
(Sman. 109).

^ Af/aleaflierbag. ^ff^ ftf^-lpa^f
=»^^1^ W n tt frg^l oaU-ddn ({tM\).

dV ^ HW 1^ oheek.

t^"^ bai4ftr^ W^jl m aiaehite or
dhryBolHe. There are three desttip-
tioiis of Yaidirya atone: (1) fl^*^"^^^'*^
te»-^ir^ Mr mtfi-Aii-rt ; the jdlow lapiB-
laaoUoalledifdlfiiri; (2) ^J-^f^fT^ *«»-
^t^'^ ifaH'»hga4a the green lapb-lasdi
called SugiOa; (8) ^•5•^'1^•«•5 W-*«r.ya
^SlMfviif iif» the white lape-lanili oalled
ih» white Saafie.

^^l-itFaMW^MMMi^tN"! 1. n.ofthe
first DlqriniBaddha. 2. a learned lo-tsA-
w» who flonriahed dnrinjs king KhrUrai
lie^ tUm'i reign and who first translated
the Slmm from Sanskrit {Tig. Sg).

t^'^ Mo-Aa IN; toad, oorrapted into
f-^ iMb : •^•9^'*« rugged naked
penon, f-lWUrSwHlWS^^ I if the fat of
the toad iamade into eye^ve, etc. (JT. g.
«, 6g).

^Yfryi Bha % 'ha4 m loam-hnd n. of a
^Tan nymph who tindartook to protect
-nbet and defend Buddhism {Beh. % ff).

tV W«*^ » gem: W^^^'^^F*^*
qqi^-^-q-^lwi jBAaif0 gem is a protec-
tion against all dassee of eril-spizit and

2f ie L num. fig.: 135. 2. aflBz, to
designate certaLn adj. or nouns.

2f^q Ixhiog-pa^^^'^ ha-M^wa;
ace. to. i/S. anUe, anUe-hone.

Ual^wa to sleep well: fp^-^-^pi^wqM-^
Mri^w^'HrjciS^m^Xwf^l {A.l»6).

t ^%b(hdki^W^'^hgaii'ehub itfk 1. en-
lightenment, divine wisdom or knowledge.
2.3=8^*40'^' bgaH^kuh^H the Indian
p&epuif Ftmt rdigioia. V^^ bthdki-risi
rosary used to count the recitation of the
names of Bodhimttvt4^ prohably made of
a kind of jm^ni/ wood.

2f ^C* Jd-(M n. of a place in Tibet
situated to the north-west of Tashilhunpo
in Tsang (Deh. % i).

9'i^i^f^aiviFS^ Bo-dtA Fhyog§4at
pumhtgyal also called ^^T^'^S'^T" Bjig^
met gragi was one of the celebrated
lamas of Tibet; and is said to have
written one hundred volumes. He belong-
ed to the Jonang-pa school and founded the
monastery of SPC»)hr^^i Jfpal-mo dk^
AMs monastery {Orub. «, U), also esta-
blishing his control orer the monastery of
Sam-ding in Yamdok lake-diilriot which
is presided over by Dorje Fhagmo the
incarnate Yajra Yarfthl.

H ^ bo-wi wn to expand as a bubble ;
to overflow or fall out of a vessel on
account ol over-filling: Xar?J*w io-ma Jo-
was the milk babbled over {A. 80).

2f -Jf^PI B<hfog4hu n. of a province in
Uongblia, also of its king: WC^^^V^^yT
^^1^'q|i(*Rttf9*^9'j«'Q to the ruler of
heaven and earth the king of Bo-fog-thu
a votaxy of the Ghelugpa school {Ta^l.

Digitized by





^f^fbog4o Tib. raidaring of Uongbl
term tor a prinoe or chief ;s| tf^ lord or
«ir (LoH. S I(^; •^^^^T the ydlow
turban ifom by the lay people of Tibet

^f^'^ Bog4o M»4an n.^of the prinoe
of Mongolia wbo entertained the Dalai
Lama §9o4^nam ^^om Mo with great
pomp when he vimted tbat ooimtry at the
invitation of king Thn-mad Altan E3ian
for the pnrpoBe of introdoioing Baddhism
there {Loi. ^ IT).

+ ^T^ bog^i aco. to Bome, ^^, bog-ie^
^'T* ha-gam,

^^ hog% benefit, profit, advantage.

hC^* bo^ in size, Biaed; in oapadiy, in
bulk, generally with ^ or ^' annexed
flignifying '4arge-siied ** or ^small-
need"; alflo with S^ : ^'^' abort in
rtatnre; ^^^ ^^^ fdl naed. JJ^«i, vht
[a clod]a

9c.'g bo^4chra a speoieB of faloon.

9>^1 bodiifu ooUoq. for ^^'Q do^-dn.

^K^*^- 6oil-ib W8f, ^(irft^ the wild
aconite, of which Beven qpeoiea grow in
the Himalayaa. ^^'^Vf^^boMafuttipo
the white speoiea of aconite: Jl«.«.'sv9^r
^inr^^«^^'%Bi white aconite cmeB con-
tagiona bilioiu fevers, ^^'^^w, V9^
the pad speoieB of aoonite : •T^T^'^^^'
{Med) ; ^^'^ also oaUed ^'\'^ or vM
the blaok speciee of aconite which is called
a great medicine: iyMT^T^^'^'^^VW"
^Iwi {8man.).

Syn. ««^'S'^'9; V^'\^ flar^dug; %8*W
pn-tu-dug; V««^1 ne^mH-^g; ^'^-y*^
4fnar-po rjanain; ^VS»«'«^ M^mar-can;
SVf^'P^'^ hye44dan ^naU'Wa ; W^ fmati^hm

9:*^ ftoi^ I vjn, «^; the aai,
donkey; ^^''l or Wi' a he-asB; ^'^ cr
iHf^' she-aBB ; ^'^ colt or Coal d an asi;
ri^K.*3«i vrarar an aas's fold; ^-^^ M-
te*^ an aas-driver.

Syn. H^ rtuhO^; fS^ ifBtt^oim;

«WMii4; ^y^ pko^ag§ or v^ cAanffa; %T

nmMpuii l^-^'^V ^ro<l-Ai Mrm; «^*
4K' f^n-taail (4filofi.).

Ihog^dng-pay |'^ ^-^^ (mystic) (JfM, f).

9c'^^|<^'q doit-^i fpyoi-pa the chaiac-
terigticB of an aas: r''S'"'^^^'^^^*'Y
when laden with a burden he carries it;
^^i;jrq«rS^q|'V(r^c is not affected either
by cold or heat ; W8'H^'^«rt whan he
has had enough, he alwaji knows it

9:*^ n: small insecte: fV^Mc^
tg9(^9-paii boMu sugar mite, lepisnui; ^*
(9^)^ 5o4-(6iHi)-M^ du]ig4)eetle (Ck.).

2jC9f*|C* b$U4hiUL^HlF' mitm4Mi
a dwarf (MMan.).

^^^^^iP^^ [8hazpneBB.]&

2^ ^orf or *^V d«, f^m% Tibet;
^')^^ Boi^iyi-yul the country of Bhot
or Tibet which comprises *f*^* little
Tibet in»l"'^i^g IT. and Tseng, and ^M
greater Tibet including Md(h9»^ (Amdo)
and JirA>-i^o# (Kham). ^'^^^ boi4bai9
Ebetan sabjeots: ilv'*«»^«'«^'¥''^'l^*
<^'q the Tibetan subjects are happy
having good crops and catQe. (Siw.).
^S*^^ h(44hrog herdsmen of TSbA living
in the northern solitudes t^iding. thw
cattle (so ezpreBsed in Lo^. ^ 5).

Digitized by





OMssf 'Ik* tre^moA {§man. 108).

^'HS Boi-iM iTtmrn Tibetan knga-
age; "SSfS-^Y*^ Boi-tM^ J^^wr-
icH^ inmdated into Tibetan. ^F^«^ Bo4
UtHM^can fnm tbe ancient name of
Tibet wbioh before the spread of Bnddbiam
was oalled i>o4<49iar.«aii-^|fi jrw/ the ooontzy
of the red-face eannibals, t.e., of savages
{Tiff. 9). ^'«m ho4^ham ISbetan lea-
ther tanned and painted in Tibet: Qs'mmt
f^w^^J^^I JiJ^-^gcqi-Jl-M as to the
price of the best Tibetan leather there is
information of its fetching one trang a
piece {Jig. SI). ^'%s hoi-dmi (lit. Tibe-
tan-smoke), M., Tibetan hnsbandmen
engaged in agrioaltural pnrsaits, or having
settled life; so called from smoke eoming
out of their huts. ^S^ Bo4iM or ^'^
Axf-nif a Tibetan.

^'^ boi-iae eaps and plates and back-
las made of rhinoceros skin, generally by
Dokpa Tibetans (Jig. lil).

2|^ ban 1. the ancient religion of Tibet
which vras fetishism, demon worship, and
propitiation by means of ibcantations.
Tbe word ^ which ordinarily means
religion is used as the antithesis to 9^.
Bon now signifies the kind of Shamanism
which was followed by Tibetans before the
introduction of Buddhism and in certain
parts still extant ; of this there were three
stages, namely :— R^W*^^ W«oWo», ^v9a^
hkhyar-bon and Q|^'^^ hgyur-ban. The
duration of the first extended from the
time of ^9^'d^'Q Q^d^kri Bisan^,
the first historical king of Tibet, down to
the reign of king ^'^^'Q Sikri^ fitMn-
po ; the second from the reign of king
Bigom tsan-po (^yrq<^'Q) to the formal

introduction of Buddhism under king
j|k'4^-|K*Q StoH-itmn sganhpo; and the
third stage from king grong-tsan's time
down to the time of Tsong-khapa. 9i(-|'
5^*5'^^'5 bon-tku kun4u IfiaH-po the
supreme deity according to Bon, opp. to
/*w|-^a^fqsK.-3 Dharmakiya Samanta
Bhadra ; M^' iMm^ikya^ a guardian deity
of the Bon, opp. to ^}p^' Dharmap&la.
U^ipq^wrvp Ixm-igo-iM fguitoJ^^Ui tiie
four schools of Bon (treasures) (1) •^'S'^'
V^^W^^% (2) «r^T|v«rj'S*^^, (3) w
qar jw^irl-iJ^, (4) i^B^a^rw^x^i^^ and
the five classes of sacred works called ^\
i|fe«-^l'*r1j^»ilK. We have also ^^\
^f|x bon'fde-ffsum the three subdivisions
of the Bon scriptores. ^^'Q* Bon^po a
follower of Bon tenets.

+ 2f^'fl bon^pa^HiVQ idai-pa to ex-
press, to mutter.

JJ^'^'J^i^ ban^byuH ri»i9-^hen n. of a
Bon religious work resembling the awH'i^
9'M^ of the Buddhists.

9^'^ Bon^ n. of a mountain in Kongpo
sacred to Bon people: ^^'^9*4'9^'^'
^•J^a^-^-M^ZJi^-J-^v^-ii many Tibetan
holy places such as Bon-ri situated to the
east of Buchu Iha-khang of the province of
Kongpo {B. grub. ^.

WTiV the venerable (B. Nam.).

^^'^ bor^a Sn^«^^ iki 1. a sack of
com, holding about 30 khal (Jd.). 2. bag
for sweepings and dust, dust-bin.

Q^ bd or ^ar^- bol^aH the upper
part of the foot or boot, ^"r^ bol^arsz
8"rr^ but-ha-^i.

9ar5 bolipo ntwm V. '^^•rC hbol^,

2f* bo9, V. ^^ff bb(4^ to call.

Digitized by





9 I: 5^0 the fat root of 9S^ Mf^t^\
V. ihiB and the sbrt. B'Q ifo-iMi.

3n: H^, ft^ any bird or fowL
j^KB Myim-^a the domestie fowl; sf
6y<H^ a feather; $^«* ftya-Woft iring;
•a Aya-ipw bW'i down; »*• bifo^tka^
or B*>«i5^a-m0^ bird's nest; slpf 6]^o-i^
or9)%^^ya a net or trap to oatoh

■^••wrw'' F»»-^ dtug-pa; ¥ff^ ita««-

*^; •f^* «*A«Wy^; Vf^if^ *«-

dk^ff (ITifoii.}.

g-nf^-q H^if the bird called cadan^^

Sl"^'^ 6ya4N m-ra f^; ▼. 1"^'^ [an

Syn. |^TF*> rgyai'gttig§4hoi; rl¥"
igrtngrogrf rwK^ vra-*^ **«»:l»

SI'ii'"' 6^ ibMkH« fi«i« or 51"^ fOT
[PAoMoiiiM gaUii8]8.

Syn. ^q-MF^ Ml6-Ma9^ftl6; Sf^

S'¥^' hya<^^ f^mm^ a plaoe in
y^gftiiliA where Gautama had redded
some time.

B'l^v bffiHkyibt (ekoMb) vnnn^ olefts
in rooks where birds take shelter, rocky
oTorhanging orag with ledge beneath, men

and animals taking shelter in noh kige
chakib or xock-haiboiin. Wl'^^'WJ'^
^B'l^^RI in the bird's shelter muiftu a
blaok rook; B|W9'BV«i formed into a
shelter for birds {A. U).

Vf^' ^|MhiUailorB^r^'4abird'seage.

Syn. w^:^ PL» 9i*""»^« ImifoH^

t'^'^dhJUfwHnif; an eagle.

B*^X ^y»4Af«if-r<fossAi^' ^ftkUi Une
mineral colour (JMm.).

SB hffoMta )«r«i peregrine falcon.

%JF^' hffoMiruli the crane.

Syn. ¥r«^|^ nam^kar-^g ; ^B^Vf^

»^ (4rif<m.).

BT^ h^hw 'rtlw, «flr, fW, vipft a
species of Uid: B'^n^^ btfo^gag-gi lo Urd
year. M*r^T%*«r^'««'^^ then he
prooeedsd to Thaipa (IHryivO in the
year called f^Orgag^ Le., the bird year
(A. 98).

B^B hkif m hj/m (M^km.).

nn h*^^ ^ white-tailed eagle.
B*^ hythgo-vo the lammergayer.

B'^^yvKVO^s*!^ 71 Tnttore, bird of
pwy; B*V*^ bga^oi pkm ip ^ tiri
ism^ Tnttnre-hill of Msgadha, a reaort
of Sikyamnni. Syn. |^|s rM-gifv^;
•r^ir^li*Aa4s tkkar; ^-^5 nMpAw-;

Digitized by V^jOOQlC




hf^^o4HPO§ the plant IMpkmmm Bru^
nomamtm^ the nine m Jklpkinmm
moiekattim; %'^M'^ hffthtgoi m^noss
9'4^ vgtffi^Wf ; B') a net or trap to oatoh

Tiiltiire*B dzoppingB {M^da. i),

i'}^ ^fvKVyo^ ftwrvf a ritual in

g'l^v hjfa-^gruUf or g*fS titlrof a book
of o^birioal fablet, in whioh Urdi are
introdooed aa gpeakiog.

B'4fc«sa|«.v«i f^i^ rb. yawning,

$ ft'S'^'Q Pf»-db /^ an Indian Bad-
dhiat aaint| a .papH of Yinipa (JT. dim.

%^'^ hya4dah, f^-^W^I^ a balcony.

W^ iya-Mre a kind of winged demon.

3*^ 5|^0^ oook, the male of the domes-
tio fowl: g-ll^B, «ftwn ete., the flzat, the
•eoond oodk-crow (C).

gO-TlE h^a^ i9h49i (Med.) a medioinal
plants atopping the monthly ooorses; in
Lk. applied to Iff^iem iukaia.

VWM'* hifthtm-mothpa to pat on the
back; to keep in order, not to diatorb any
tfnmgement: g'l'^^S'l^ f^ patting on the
back in the way of enoonragement as if
gently tonohing the plmnea of a bird
{Ttg. *.)•

%¥m bU(h^tO§:=:W^'9r^1f^^ n. of a OQDi.


9'8| Ij^a^ a male bird, a cook; n. of
a medicinal plant need to Btop exoeenTe

gWJ h^a-mthrtaisz^M or ^ln baA^
pAjfin a meBBODger (4Mm».)*

gw^ bfftHm^ the fruit-bat or flying

Syn. gWfe hya-ma bpHu; '^t\'9s gfioi-
htfe4\ l«l^-^*\ «M«ir id9UUye4 (*!«•.)•

B'vr^ 5^a-ifN»495 any butterfly.

atretohisg one's self aftor fatigue, lying
prostrate: •^ %^K*^*'^i' jr| g-^i^J^ this
lion oozuing out of hia den atretohea hie

gX'V bffihUhe^A the white orane,
a speoiea of bird said to live one hundred

Syn. fS«^Nfs./*fl«*o#; ^wS-irfes
gnamrgffi fe-mai-bya; f^'^l^ tnan^hrm;
^f^^^^^^^f: ^daJhchagt U^e^H (M^on,).

W^' hffa^waH the bat I aoc. to Jd. uight-
hawk, goateuoker, oaprimulgua.

V^'^ bya-iBAon 1, one who rides on a
birdy an epithet of Yish^u and E&rtikeya
the former riding on the eagle^ the latter
on the peaooek. 2. an egg Qn Bal.)

%^ hjfo-u oreat on the head of birds,
tuft (of feathen) of birds.

»W«i ftfa hufHpa the owl (general term).

B^l^^ hyail-gdon a malignant spirit
whioii kills birds; a disease of birds
(Mig, 77).

^t^^'^ hpaH phur49hnl flying of a
bird: '^'^ gyen^phur; 5«^«^^ ihur-
tpkur ; ^-^^fj^ iha44ca^phiur ; WJ^^^ rob-
tu ijphur; g'^^fil byaH^bgrat (Mihn,).

S'^'l^ wrft [a species of bird, the
Oraeula rehgia9a.']8.

3 A^ bga-rog ifN, wHi, jfhpsnr, mm
the crow; in W. the raven, i'^wc


Digitized by VjOOQIC




hya-4i>g ^yo4if*a the oliaraoteristios of a
orow! ^'•^'/^ftfS^' mi-fpHan tkhrig-da^^

t^f^'lm yi4^mi ehet (Masu rak^a),

Syn. IJ-5 khia^a; f^f^ ihohigrogt;
f^'ft'^ls grod'khyer^^pffoi; *«*S'^' na-
ishoj^nat; «W^ gakan^w; ^^^ rod-
j^o^; X>^'»i$'iSi;'«i( Uker-mdhi Uha^-ean
^il^Y^ brgpa^n tkpet; ^'^%^ ian^
ikyet; •iX;«r«^H^ ipdog gpig-pa; t(lt*.*'«^
rdO'fjeH chu^n; ^''^'iSbkhrii-pa 9pe4\
*\^*w| igai^pat-rgpu ; i'^'l" ^-<^« 9kye§ ;

niiffkrogt; «i^^«i^M| iden-paiiiag (M^on.).

%'X^'^^ bya^rog igra^co ftfn?^^,
^fT^ [a bat, an owl, a orioket]&s£*ri|c.*

gX^-^'Q bifo-rog chmipo the large spe-
oies of orow, the raven.

Syn. ^'^ kthk<hJa; ^^'^^ behMca

S'^^'*^T*^ [* *»gWMttt powder, a
kind of gem.]5.

g-iOf |c.'»i byo'Tog iu^-ma a medioinal
plant: gX^'l^wrn'^'^yrV^'^^"*.

Syn. •SS'I'^' tha-dadpkri^; ^^^ ^»»-
<!«#; 'irV^'^^*^^^ tt-^^mw-raii iddb; v\'

lam tkyet; ^^VV\ 7^^^ Vpyo4\ ^S'^iS^'^
idah-hyeitt^ulhmo ; ^'^S^yan4agimar ;

S'^5* j( hya^og-Uo wNitt, wi<t^ [a vege-
table Bubfitanoe naed in medicine, deeoribed
M sweet and cooling, allaying fever,
removing phlegm, etc; it is said to be a
root brought from Nepal or Marung]5.

gX«|'«|V 1- ^^ ^ ^^ ^^ sandal
irood. 2. wwm the crow's face.

•'HI «wiff hyti-rog tiohhfdim impoiiiat
medioinal root.

Syn. '^««rv'^9«-¥« idt^gfoi-^rttdm.
m^*^m M49ho gnoi ; ««|^^ »4^
pkreH-^wa (Jlfifofi.).

medioinal fruit said to be uaefaliii «•
sumption: S'^TK^I^WT^' hpa^wtt-
Im gtar^bu n^t^a dai (8mim§, fUD.

t B*^^Ttl^'*'|'^T hg^4vg U'dum «hA
ll^ ^ ^*ii [the glomarona fig tiee.]5.

Syn. ^-^ tiUii^med; V^' «iHrf:

B*«w byaJam as metr the sky (4^!
B'^'Q bya4(hpa one bom in the W
year of the Tibetan oalsmdar.
$*%-^H hya^^ fUhmo.

Syn. %awi fi^i^fam; *«^

hdah-ma irg!t^'4^; •%^*^* w*^

B^^'Q bya-^or^wt bird of prey.
Syn. ^^q^ras t<tJto^wg»' lihMM;f1^

3'q 1. sbst. w| that which ii ^^
done ; any aofcion or deed; a duty: ^^
Sb*'' tifig-rien gyi-^ythwa and MT
cAofA^yt 6^a-fMi Becolar and rdigioo8^«b;

B'"!'' 6ya-/aff one's duties ; f^pT* ¥*
^oi42m behaviour, oondnii, dflof*
2. fut. infln. of tS«i to do, or to rf;
esp. in the phrase ^FW^ thm ^ ^
called, so to be styled (placed iftff
personal names). B^J'^S'' *jw-fW^ ""f^
all efforts or measures exhausted, atAflT
left to be done. B-yrw^fs JjphJjJ
thabt-tad all resouroes facing, Itt^^
help. B'f''*' 6ya-iAwHHi=B''*r9: ^
c|^t^i*|wHB- f^«r^ (-i. tf0- •^

Digitized by


3'^ I 888

hga^na (fWibl^^- tiag-tdtm Vof
HaA xalnqaiBhing <m«'B inteorert or p<MM»>
aona eidxr in ft apiitaal or ■ temporal
•T^ eaay to be draw.


g^ bjfo^a or B^Q byag^pa plionojy
m'TfiMmMW, agility of bodf ; 8^»ir^ rope-
danoer («/a.).

ffS^ hjfthiffoi mm^ f aYonr, booity
royal fft¥oiir, recognition of aervicea with
rewipia aad preaenta: iV^^'^^V^I^'^g
^^'I^-INk*!^ biddaa not demanding ran-
som iromyoa he would even oonflBr on jon
great rewarda ; jT^i^^«»i g*vr^T^»^v
^if^qraiH-l|^q^qj[-5-i|^-^A^-ij^^Q5i^w offer-
ing rewarda to mendioanta of India he
sent to iBqdre if Ihere were papdita who
would be of aarvioe to Tibet {A, 6U).

g*94 bpthlfral met. night, lit. free from
work, eeantion from work. Syn. M^H

(JITileii.). gi^i hffa^fna'pa^^'^'^ one
free from boaineea, an asoetio.

ywy^i^ jw n m tmnrpa. a teapotnahaped

hff<Mna hyar-f/cyag dandelion.

B'l^«ia 6^o-mo-Ai6s»iYvr^ artidea for
reHs^ona aenrioe.

9*^ Afa-m sbet. watoh, aaperinten-
denee, attention: W^« 8^^ «J^^«r«^'
Q'^'wi^ he watched the conduct ci the
updaaka for three days (or it may mean
that he did the duties of an up&saka for
three days) {A, 8S), g'^'^ilf^ iya-ro-
gfogt in: ^•«r"r*rqw5 s'^»i-^fipr«rH-^|ai
doea not moye without doing some service
to religion in reference to study {A.
126} g-^P 6ya-ra^a,=W*i IfTfiW sen-
tinel, watcher.

fim BpthM n. of a monaetery near
Ghetfaang ^«.' fit^e-iMl) on the Tern
Taaog^po: s^^gWBjT^qw daii»por bpa-
Mr pkifog^kebt he flrat mited the monaa-
tery of Ohyaraa {A. 85). g'w^r^ bya-m
hhkkar the ferry at g'^ the place where
people croaa the 1^Mng-po by means of
^'4 hide boata.

3K* hyali ww^ v^^^ the north:
B^'S^ ^^'^ft^ the northern direction, g^'
SvS^PrJ northern; g^'^ii north side,
^-m: the Jang-thang or grassy imdulat-
ing plains of North Tibet; g^'Q an inha-
bitant of the north. g^'^'S^fc.* hyaii-gi
phyog%4kyo^ the guardian of the north,
an epithet of YaiHsrayava. gc^r^'f^
hyaH-^ra mi^nan ww^fv the fancied
continent of the north where men enjoy
nnyaiying health and fabulous longevity.
9^tTrT?^ - ^l&iSJ^-8T»«^,=:9«r?ii| huUog a
a kind of soda obtained from the northern
deserts of Tibet (Sman) ; g^ ^<ic:' byaii4wafk
n. of a superior quality of satin {8, Kar.
179). g^'^9^ hya^^hrog the herdsmen
of the northern solitudea of Tibet (Zo4.

9P*$q bya^^hub it)«; g^' byaH^
porifiedy all sins and defilements washed
out, and ^ <?^tf^=perfeoted, all attain-
ments and accomplishments having been
acquired. bk^'*^%wsw byaH-chub^mt-
dpai itpmm one having perfect spiritual
enlightenment, 1.0.9 a Bodhisattwa; g^*^
9fm'9r fem. of 8^'^*%w^«w. There are
two claaaea of g^'^t'^snr^ci^ : one those
belonging to the school of Hinayina, t>.,
^r&vakas and Ptatyeka Buddhas; and the
other those belonging to the Ifah&yina
school or the proper BodhiuUtwa, The
name ^'^•A^•P^'g^•^«l bk-na-med^ii hyaiU

Digitized by





ehub^ M,, AmUmra BadhUaUta ii girai to
tbose who haying attained to the position
of a Bodkisaittpa of the Mah&jftna 8ohodl
are neither sobjeot to deoay nor dependent
on anything (JT. </.% ^-^i). General names
of a BodhUoHuw are : %wris'=i^'%i^'9 irvmw;

iTOTi* ; ^VS^n nT^ ; 5Rcl^ nvrquT :; ^l'
^ OTTl ; «*K'^ wi iTfTS^ ; "n*^' W *^ ; ^

w^8^'qiHi18roVi; M'^c|«i ^(«;Nhmii. The
special attributes of a BodkUattwa are :
5^'^'^IS^ Sam&dhi or contemplation; f^v
^9 i[inif tUe ten kinds of moral strength;
&*R%4|^q Vaiqdradya or moral intrepidity,
etc. s^'4F^^<i^'^«r^^trq'qY'q)s the
eighteen nnmixed virtaes of a Bodhtwi'
twa:—(L) wey^qS-^n-q-^^ym ^ fMftwiiq r.;
(2) wqf^q^Coifrwr^^'VW HfqUtj I i rt ; (3)
frqy^q^-itfvq-^^yw ^ ^MftwiHl ^t ; (4) 9r^fi{'

q^qf ^'^jws^-VW ^ mftlJIiqt : ; (5) 9rpi^'tA^

qwq|^'«^'^WI MMftW i q i: ; (6) srq|iiq^JHr

^•i^'Vw ^ liMftf s ii l h 5 (7) qfqisJariS^^wr
«^qwr«s jsq'Vw^irRmir^w-^wnrn ; (8)
J^tr^qfqM-^JHrq-vwufiwniiiftl^WR ; (9)


q«»fl^-«K"^8^«rf'««rv« «qniJhi«i-««Nwr-
^(^nqfiwi-H^«isi*i-piif^-iH^i€i: ; (10) ^q*
ii^Qoiwir^wvq'^wi miqwiqiqui (not {»Ilen
away from Mah*yftna) ; (11) Rf^q^K-y^i^'
w^^trq^ jriJiq-HR* «ef^ fifukiw i^irr: ;

(12) l^'fcyyTffwrq-yw qH q WfS WfH^i : ;

(13) ^•i|«-R-v^K'v«Ki'q^'^V*^'9\*^T«r»r*
q-^V^X-Mirqwr^^-^^ai-^-j^inswi vmf4-

inpnllrtiiiT^-pr^^jv4«ninft^w-uc'T:; (14)

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