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33



1 Henry Livingston succeeded Captain Bruce on January 12th, 1607. A
young man Livingston, who had previously served, was recommended by King
James in July 1603. Sir Henry Livingston died before November 24th, 1626,
when he was succeeded by P. Murray. On August 28th, 1617, Secretary Lake
wrote to Sir Dudley Carleton : — ' In the matter of Sir Henry Levingston and
Capt. Hamilton, his Majesty saith that you have so much mistaken him as he
was fain to call for the letters he wrote for Hamilton for his own satisfaction,
and findeth they contain no other matter than what his intention was, that if by
the course of the discipline there it be due to Hamilton his Majesty would not
prejudice him, if to Levingston not him, if it be at liberty for either, then to
Levingston, because the others years have made him unserviceable.' In 1627
Johanna Turck, his widow, requested appointments for her three sons, John,
James, and Alexander, and a commission was granted to John, the eldest.

2 William Douglas succeeded .Sir Andrew Balfour on January 16th, 1606, and
was succeeded by James Lindsay on March 31st, 1615.

3 Sir William Balfour, of Pitcullo, eldest son of Colonel Henry Balfour, killed
in 1580, made frequent representations to the Dutch authorities, and received
recommendations from King James, the Princess of the Palatinate, and the
Dutch Ambassador in London, in reference to his father's and his uncle, Captain
D. Cant's arrears and his own claims. See representation by him as ' fils aine '
in November 1605 (p. 200), when he had been for eight months a captain in
Buccleuch's regiment. Consideration of his claims was postponed in 1608
(p. 215). In 1613 he is described as the eldest and only son (p. 252). In 1615,
when he was settled with and received a pension of ^600 settled on his son's life,
he was negotiating with Captain Wishart for his company of cavalry. He then
asked that 'the salary of his uncle of 1000 guilders per annum should be settled
on him for life,' which confirms the ms., which states that Colonel Barthold
Balfour was a brother of Colonel Henry. In November 1618 Captain



70 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1607

Geo. Botwel 1 . . 150 spears and muskets . £2014

Wm. Hutson . ,,

Jean Halcket . ,,

Monge Hamilton - . „

Davidt Balfour . . ,,



Orrock received a commission in succession to William Balfour, who had become
a captain of horse. In 1610 he served as sergeant-major of the Scots regiment
in the expedition to Juliers. In April 1621 he was stationed at Nymeguen. In
1622 he was taken prisoner by the Spaniards in a camisade at Emmerich.
In 1625 King Charles 1. requested the loan of his company of carabineers, and
in 1627 the king made repeated requests for his services. In 1628 he was
allowed to leave the Dutch service, in order to raise a large force of cavalry
for the king. The death of Buckingham interfering with the war preparations
in England, he applied to be restored to his company. He had then been
twenty-five years in service, and in recognition of ' his father's, his uncle's, and
his own services ' was granted a gold chain, valued at 1000 guilders. In 1634
his pension was transferred and made payable on the lives of two young
ladies. He was Lieutenant of the Tower when Earl Strafford was im-
prisoned, and sat with his distinguished prisoner in the impressive trial in
Westminster Hall. 'The putting of Sir William Balfour from the Tower of
London ' is mentioned by Baillie in 1643, a °d in 1644 he commanded the Parlia-
mentary Horse in the fighting near Winchester between Waller and Forth and
Hopton. In September ' he broke through the enemy with all his horse with
no loss considerable.' He had a command at Edgehill. According to the Sin-
clair MSS. there were two Sir William Balfours, father and son, and the younger
has been thought to be the Lieutenant of the Tower. But Charles Balfour,
son of Sir William, Lieutenant of the Tower, presented a petition to King
William in., in which he stated that 'his father, Sir W m . Balfour and Coll.
Henry Balfour, his grandfather, served his present Ma ie ancestors in very con-
siderable military employments in the Low Countreys, his said grandfather
being killed before Antwerp, and that he has also lost two near kinsmen, who
were Colls, in his May' s army, killed in His May' 8 service, ye one at ye Battle
of Killieciankie in Scotland, and the other at the Battle of ffluroy in fflanders.'
This Charles Balfour had two elder brothers, Alexander and William (died
before 1659), who are both said to have served in Holland. Baillie, when
recording certain marriages in 1658, says : ' The Earl of Murray did little better,
for at London, without any advice, he ran and married Sir Wm. Balfour's second
daughter.'

Sir William Balfour is represented by Balfour of Townley Hall, Co. Louth,
Ireland.

1 George Bothwell succeeded Alexander Erskine, January 19th, 1606, and was
succeeded by James Henderson on November 14th, 1618. Letter of Scottish
Council in reference to in 161 5.

2 Mongo Hamilton, commissioned between June and October 1606, was appointed
sergeant-major of Sir David Balfour's regiment before Bois-le-Duc in 1629. He
had died before February 24th, 1633, when he was succeeded by James Balfour.
In 1627 he asked leave to enter the Danish service without losing his commission,
which was refused. His wife's name was Hester Sideniski. A gallant cavalry
officer of Polish extraction, called Seldnitski or 'Sedenesco,' served at Nieuport,
and was killed at Juliers in 1610. Requests by widow in 1638.



£16 13


4


4 3


4


80





50






1607] STATES OF WAR 71

Pay on Holland
Col. Brogh ..... £400

Lt Col. of the Scots .... 100

Pensions and Endowments
The children of Cap. John Nysbeth, deceased,

yearly 200 per month
Widow John Balfour, „ 100 „

Wardens and Quarter Masters
Thos. Ewyn, St major Reg* Brog ....
Robert Maesterton, q r m r of the Scots, above 14£ when in
the field ......

Officers of Justice
Wm. Carcadin, Provost marshal Reg* Brogh . . 50

Ministers
Andreas Hunterus, minister of the Scots . . . 30

Extraordinary Pay when with the Army
N.B. The following items are only to be charged during
the operations in the field, offensive or defensive :
Robert Maesterton, q r m r of the Regt of Col. Brogh, in addi-
tion to his ordinary pay 14£ per month

for six months ..... £84



£2014
1925
1925





Zeeland Foot


Walter Bruce


150 men


Arthur Forbes 1


150


Geo. Homes 2 .


150




Utrecht Foot


Jan Hamelton .


150 men




Utrecht, undivided


Gordon 3


.



. £1925

£1394 1 11|

1 Arthur Forbes succeeded James Cheyne on January 14th, 1605. Made a
representation as to his debts from Breda in 1609. Sergeant-major of Brog's
regiment, 1610; company at Tiel in 161 1. An Arthur Forbes, a younger son
of William Forbes of Corse, followed the profession of arms, and was ancestor of
the Earls of Granard in Ireland.

2 George Home succeeded Ralph Selby on July 23rd, 1605. Was dead by
May 2nd, 1623, when he was succeeded by James Murray.

3 John Gordon was commissioned as captain of a new company on 15th April
1605 (see note on Captain Gordon of Stuart's regiment, 1585, p. 49). In 1609
his company was reported on, and its dismissal recommended. In 1614 he re-
quested a lieutenant-colonelcy or sergeant-majorship, and in 161 8 the advice of
the Council of State was requested in reference to his dismissed company. In
1618 Sergeant-Major Gordon of Brog's regiment was absent.



72



WAR OF INDEPENDENCE



[1607



Brounfelt x
Setton 2



£1394 1 ll£



Groningen Foot

150 men



Norman Bruce

Pay on Groningen and Ommelanden
Col. Bachlouch in his high offices

Pension pay' at the Office of the Receiver-General
Guilliam Murray .
The widow of Cap u Blair .

Ditto
Niclaes and Margretha Egger
The widow of Cap n Arthur Stuart
„ ,, Nysbeth

,, ,, Jan Kirckpatrick

,, ,, Strachan



£2014



£1580







400






100






125






75


.




400






50






200



1608
Guelderland, Bueren and Cukmburch Foot



Andro Donalson 3



91 men



£1290



Holland Foot




Col. Brogh


168 men


£2244


Oliver Wodney 4


91


1290


Caddel .


89


1271


Mackinge


140


1828 10


Allane Coutis .


107


1410 10


Henry Balfour


96


1324


Thos. Arskyn .


129


1692


H. Levingston .


113


1572


Archibald Arskyn


92


1299 10


Col. Bucklouch


200


2612


Robert Henderson


124


1702


Francois Henderson


136


1853


Robert Schot .


121


1599


Wm. Douglas .


146


1887



1 Steven Brownfield, commissioned nth March 1606 (new company).

2 J. Seton, commissioned 17th May 1606. Protest by in 1618. Succeeded
by Andrew Caddell, June 13th, 1623.

3 Andrew Donaldson took oath on October 9th, 1604. Recommended by
Colonel Brog for sergeant-majorship 1618; dead by March 17th, 1627, when
succeeded by James Balfour. Request by widow, Mary Davidson, June 16th,
1627.

4 Oliver Udny took oath on 1 6th May 1607 as captain of the company pre-
viously commanded by Colonel Brog. Succeeded by Ramsay October 23rd, 1610.
Probably a member of the ancient family of Udny of Udny in Aberdeenshire.



i6o8]



STATES OF WAR



73



Wm. Balfour .
Wm. Hutson .
George Botwell
J. Hacket
Mongo Hamilton
Davidt Balfour



113 men


. £1473








74


1098








97


1348








73


1081








93


1305








149


1915









Pay



Col. Brogh ....

Pensions and Endowments on Holland.

The children of Cap 11 Johan nysbeth, 200£ yearly

per current m.,
The widow of Cap u Johan Balfour, deceased, 50£ ,, ,,
ditto ditto Jacob Michiels, deceased, 40£ ,, ,,
Pieter Michiels, yearly 50£ ,, ,,

Wardens and Quartermasters

Thos. Ewing, s* major of the Regt of Col. Brogh,
Rob* maesterton, q r m r of the Scots, 40 when in the
field,

Officers of Justice
William Carcadie, Provost Marshal of Regt col. Brogh, .

Ministers
Andreas Hunterus, minister of the Scots,

Utrecht Foot, Undivided



£400



J. Hamilton \
John Gordon J


. , f96 men .
unpaid -{
* 184


£1338
1208


Brounfeilt .


101


1372


Sitton


91
Zeeland Foot, Undivided


1290


Walter Bruce


96


1377


Arthur Forbes


140


1828 10


Geo. Homes


. 126


1645


Moubry 1


85


1229 10



Overyssel Pay
Col. Backlouch in his high offices . . 780J

Groningen Foot
Norman Bruce . .115 . . 1525



d.



16


8


4


4


3


4


3


6


8


4


3


4


80








50









50



30



has not
been paid.



1 Philip Mowbray took oath on January 2nd, 1607. Dead by February 23rd,
1626, when succeeded by William Brogh.



74



WAR OF INDEPENDENCE



[1609



Col. Bucklouch
Col. Brogh .
Robbert Henderson 100 men £1417



1609
Footsoldiers paid by Holland

200 men .
150



Francois Henderson
Caddel

Oliver Wodney
Mackinge
Allane Coutes
Henry Balfour
Thos. Arskyn
H. Levingston



70



1059



R. Schot
Win, Douglas
Wm. Balfour
Wm. Hutson
George Bod well
Jan Halket .
Mongo Hamilton
David Balfour



£2612
2014

70 men £1059



Pay



£400
80
50
50



Col. Brog, for his prison ....

Thos. Ewing, St major of the Reg* of Brogh
Robert Mesterton, q r m r Col. Brogh
William Cacader, Provost M. of Brogh .

Ministers
Andreas Hunterus, minister of the Scots,

Pensions
The children of Cap 11 Jan Nysbeth, 200£ yearly
Widow „ Jan Balfour, 50£ „ .

Pensions for settlement of accounts and previous services
The children of Cap 11 Waddel — Archibald, Jan, and

Willem, each 200£ .....
Lady Margaret Stuard, widow of Agt Damman .
Maria Rig, widow of Cap n Melvil, on the life of Jacq.

David, Janneken, Tanneken and Hester, each 80£
Guillame Murry of Pickeries, on the life of Jan, Rigmet,

Elisabeth and Margarieta, his children, each for

one fourth ......

Elisabeth Creichton, widow of Cap 11 Dallachy, the half

on her, the other half on Jan and Catharina

Dallachy, each the half of 100£
Elisabeth Forbes, widow of Cap 11 Willem van Nysbeth,

the one half, and the other half on W m Arthur and

Margareta Nysbeth, each one 4th .
Mistress Anna van Duivenvoorde, widow of Col.

Cuningam, on the lives of Mistresses Margriet van

Duivenvoorde and Elisabeth van Cunigam, each

one half ......

The children of Cap n Prop, Jan and Janneken Prop,

each one half .....

Mistress Anna Kirpatrick, widow of Cap. Strachan



200
200



33 6



16


8


4


4

ices


3


4


£600








450









400



400



400



400



300



£125








100








100








50








50









1609] STATES OF WAR 75

The children of Cap n James Egger, named Niclaes and
Margarieta, each one half ....

Guilliame Suderman, cap 11 ....

The widow of the former L.t Penbrouck .

Mistress Suana Splitkoff, widow of Cap 11 Kilpatrick, the
one half on her life and the other half on the lifes
of her children — Jan, Maria, and Helena Kilpatrick

Joost Blaire ......

Pay on Zeelandt
Col. Backlouch, 500£ ; Robert Henderson, L* Col.,

100£ ; Forbes St major, 80£ ; Blaire, q r m r , 36£ ;

Michiel Henderson, Provost Marshal, 50£ — together 766

Col. Balfour yearly, 1000£ . . . . 83 6 3

Investigation* as to the difference between the state of war 1609 and the
state of war 1610, consisting in a balancing of accounts which have
been deducted from each province or altogether left out with posts
that have been increased or newly added, all per current month.

£ s. d.

Guelderland has been raised on Pay, monthly, for Mistress

Anna van Leeuwen, widow of Cap u Arthur Stuart . 6 5

Pensions

Laurens Dallachy has been left out, with a monthly profit of 18

Pensions for settlement of accounts and previous services
On Holland, Bartels Balfour ....

On Utrecht, the widow of James Blair

Andries Penton ....

„ Guelderland, the widow of Cap 11 Arthur Stuart
And on the other hand Zeelandt has been raised on Pay, for
Col. Backlough in his high offices, monthly
Col. Balfour ......

Guelderland Foot

1059



1297
1059



000








400








150








75








756








83


6


8



Donaldson


70 men




Zeeland Foot


Arthur Forbes


90


Walter Bruce


70


Geo. Homes .


>>


Moubrey


}>




Utrecht Foot


J. Hamilton .


70 men


Brounfield


* >>


Sitton


>}




Groningen Foot


Norman Bruce


70 men



1059



1059



76 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1581



III

COMMISSIONS GRANTED BY THE COUNCIL AT
THE EAST SIDE OF THE MEUSE, THE
GOVERNOR-GENERAL THE EARL OF LEICES-
TER, AND THE COUNCIL OF STATE.

Commissions granted by the Magistracy and Land-council
at the east side of the meuse j

Commission of William Nisbet 2 as Captain.

The Magistracy and Provincial Council on this side of the
Maas make known to all and sundry who shall see or have
read to them these presents. Since by the decease of John
Nisbet, late captain of a company of soldiers in the regiment
of Colonel Diedrich Sonoy, the captaincy of said company
has fallen vacant. And it being considered necessary to
supply said company, in order that it may not lapse, with
another captain, therefore, owing to the good report made
to us regarding the person of William Nisbet, lieutenant of
the same company, and being informed of the many good
services performed by him in the course of several years in the
common cause, and trusting in his loyalty and experience, we
have commissioned and appointed, and do hereby commission
and appoint him to be captain over the said company, there-
over as captain to order and command, to maintain good
order and discipline of war. And on all expeditions and
watches, at all times and places, to hold himself in readiness
with his company at the orders of his colonel or his lieu-
tenant. And farther to be guided in everything by the

1 Extracted from the ' Commissie boek van de Overheid en den Landraad
aan de Oostzyde der Maas, beginnende met den 5 Aug 1 15S1 tot 8 Sept r 1584.'

2 See State of War, 1586.



1581] COMMISSIONS GRANTED 77

regulations made or to be made for the conduct of the war,
and that he may acquit himself therein well and loyally he
shall hold himself bound to take the proper oath before us
or those commissioned by us, it being understood that this is
to be registered in the Record Office. Therefore we summon
and request, and that officially, all commanders, colonels,
captains, commissioned officers, soldiers, and all whom it may
concern, to respect and acknowledge the said William Nisbet
as captain ; also we command the soldiers of said company to
obey and submit to the said captain. And in all marches
and watches at all times and places, whether against the
enemy or otherwise, to allow themselves to be employed as he
may order, that therein the Land may be served and our
earnest purposes carried out.

Given in Leeuwaarden under our seal the xvii October 1581.

On the xviii October 1581 William Nisbet took the oath
mentioned in the foregoing Commission before the Council.

Commission of John Cunningham 1 as Assistant to Count
William.

The Magistracy and Provincial Council on this side the
Maas hereby make known that the noble Count William
Lewis of Nassau, because at the battle of Noorthoeren his
colonels, lieutenant, and captains were shot and some taken
prisoners, is in urgent need of some one of rank and ex-
perienced in affairs of war who shall be commissioned to assist
the said count in counsel and action in all that touches the
preservation of the town of Dokkum and our resistance to
the enemy. Therefore we, being well informed regarding the
person of John Cunningham, Captain of Artillery ; and trusting
to the ability and experience which the said Cunningham has
recently had in the affairs of the war, have authorized and
commissioned, and do hereby authorize and commission him,
to assist with counsel and in act the noble count aforesaid, in
the oversight, superintendence, and guardianship of the said
city of Dockum, also in the absence of the said count to take



1 See pension list appended to State of War, 1595.



78 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1581

command of the garrison, and to take oversight in like manner
for the conservation of the said city. And further to hold
and conduct himself as a good counsellor, assistant, and, in
the absence of the said count, as a good superintendent and
head of the foresaid garrison, in such manner as hereinbefore
he is held bound and ought to do and such as also the con-
servation and warding of the said town and the service of
the land shall require, requesting, and officially ordaining, the
magistracy of the said town of Dockum, the captains, officers,
cavalry and soldiers at present lying there in garrison, or
those who shall yet be placed there, to acknowledge, obey,
and submit to the said Cunningham, as attached by us in the
quality of good counsellor and assistant to the said Count
William Lewis of Nassau, etc., and in the absence of the
said count, as superintendent and head of the garrison ;
and in case of need render him all assistance, that therein
the service of the Land and our earnest purposes may be
carried out.

Given within the City of Leeuwaarden under our Seal, the
7 October 1581.

Commission of John Cunningham Jor the relief of Naijesijl.

This Magistracy, etc. Since we, in order to provide those
devout captains, soldiers, at present beset and besieged by
the enemy in the village of Naijesijl, with all such necessaries
against the violence of the enemy, and for the preservation of
the said post, as may be found of assistance, have thought
good to commission an expert conversant with military affairs
and with all that might be required in such a case and in
similar ones. Therefore, being well informed respecting the
person of John Cunningham, Captain of Artillery, and trust-
ing to his ability and experience — with advice of General
the Lord [den Heere] Norris, and of the Lieutenant Stadholder
of Friesland, have authorized and commissioned, as we do hereby
authorize and commission him, to communicate with those
acquainted with the situation of the said redoubt and the
country round it, as to succour or relief; and to bring all such
means to bear as may suggest themselves for effecting said



1581J COMMISSIONS GRANTED 79

relief, and that in the surest possible manner. For which
purpose the said Cunningham is empowered to employ some
officers and soldiers of the ensigns of the said Lord Lieutenant
Stadholder at present lying in Dockum, if necessary other
troops also, together with all such light vessels, ships, and
other necessaries he may require for the purpose, and can
obtain at Dockum or elsewhere. And should the said
Cunningham make any promise to the extent of one hundred
Gulden or two, three, or four hundred, according as occa-
sion may require, in the employment of persons to this
I end, his said promises shall be made good and the said
Cunningham shall be indemnified and held free from
liability. We do summon and also officially command the
soldiers of the said two ensigns, also all such other soldiers
: that the said Cunningham may require for this exploit and
; everything connected with it, to allow themselves to be
employed at the command and order of the said Cunningham,
in the matter already stated for the service of the Land :
ordaining also that the Magistrates of Dockum, and all others
whom these projects in any way concern, give all possible
help and assistance to the aforesaid Cunningham towards the
accomplishment of this service, thereby contributing signally
to the service of the Land and to the carrying out of our
earnest wishes.

Given within the City of Leuwerden under our Seal, the
viii. October 1581.



Commissions granted by the Earl of Leicester. 1
Commission pour le Capitaine Jehan Bedford. 2 {John Balfour.)

Robert, Conte de Leycester, etc. a tous ceulx etc. Comme
avons entendu des bonnes et longues services faictes en cestes
provinces tant au feu de tres heureuse memoire nostre tresscher
et bon cousyn le Prince d'Oranges comme aussy aux Estatz
gnaulx durans les precedentes guerres par le Cap n Jehan Bal-



' a Extracted from the ' Commissieboek van den Gouverneur Graaf van Ley-
i cester, begin-nende met den 5 March 1586—18 February 1588.'
2 See State ofWar 1586, p. 50, note 6.



80 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1581

ford, gentilhomme Escochois, ensemble le desir qu'il a d'estre
accepte en fife service a telle charge que nous plairait Temploier,
scavoir faisons que pour la bonne congnoissance qu'avons de la
personne du diet Balford et de sa vaillantesse et dexterite au
faict de la guerre, Nous confians a plain de sa fidelite et expe-
rience, Avons Icelluy constitue, ordonne et commis, constituons,
ordonnons et commettons par ceste a la charge de capitaine
d'une compaignie de cent chevaulx a schavoir cinquante lanciers
et cinquante harquebousiers desia dresses ou encores a dresser
la ou il trouvera le mieulx convenir en luy donnant pleyn
pouvoir, authorite et mandement especial de les lever
d'ung lieutenant, cornette et aultres officiers en oultre de com-
mander a icelle compaignie et la conduire et emploier contre
les Espaignols, Malcontens, leurs adheriens et aultres nous
ennemis, soit en campaigne ou es villes et places fortes que de
par nous luy sera commande, prennant soigneux regard que
par ceulx de sa dicte compaignie ne soit faict aulcun tort ou
foulle aux bourgeois et inhabitans. DMcelles, ains qu'entre
eulx soit tenu tout bon ordre et discipline militaire. Suivant
les ordonnances sur ce faictes ou encores a faire et au surplus
faire toutes et singulieres offices qu'un bon et fidel capitaine de
cavaillerie est tenu de faire aux gages et traictemens a ce
ordonnes, sur quoy et de son bien et fidelement acquite en
ceste sa charge et commission ledict capitaine Balford sera
tenu prester le serment de fidelite en nous [sic] mains. Si
donnons un mandement aux Lieutenant officiers et soldatz de
la dicte compaignie de tenir et respecter le diet Balford pour
leur Capitaine et Tobeir comme pour Facquit de leur devoir il
convient. Requirons en oultre a tous chefz Colonnelz, Magis-
tratz et aultres qu'il appartiendra de faire au diet Capitaine
Balford a Texecution de ceste commission toute faveur, adresse
et assistance requises et sur ee sera tenu le diet Capitaine de
monstrer ceste au [sic] chambre de la Tresorie pour en estre
registre et verifie. Car ainsy pour le service du pays Tavons
trouve convenir. Donne a la Haye le 27 de Mars 1586, et
estoit soubzsigne R. Leycester et chachete en chire rouge du



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