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Government of Brabant, Flanders, etc. That all documents
and verifications of what has passed in the government of
Brabant and Flanders have remained there, and that this
government has no knowledge of it.

' You are on every occasion to inform us of all occurrences
that concern the state of this country, and communicate all
secret business in cipher or in some other secret and secure
way. Dated, January 4th, 1594."'

[In June 1594, Sir William Keith, gentleman of the King'k
Chamber, and Captain William Murray, Provost of St.
Andrews, arrived at the Hague on a special embassy from King
James. On 6th June they presented a letter to the States-
General, which contained the following passage relating to the
services of the Scottish troops :]

* Finalement il souvient a Mess, que par la permission et Resolutions

lii i • of tne States-

conge obtenu de Sa Ma te un grand nombre de ses subiectz ont General.

etc transportez par deca pour leur service, auquel beaucoup

ayans finy leurs jours, ceux qui restent soubz la charge de

Mess, estans employ ez comme Messieurs trouvent expedient

a Thazard de leurs vies journellement et aultres demeurans en

Escosse comme vieulx, orphelins et ceux qui sont faict inhabiles

par la guerre se plaignant a la Ma t6 de leur mauvais traictement

et dilay du payement, Sa Ma t6 se voyant journellement fasche

par leurs grievs complaints et estant touche d'We pitie

naturelle envers ses subiectz a trouve bon de recommander

iceux a voz Seign. et qu'il plairoit a Mess, apres avoir compte



150 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1594

avec les capitaines et commandeurs, les donner tel contente-
ment de leur , come leur fidel service a merite, et la

requeste de sa Ma t6 faict par nous en son nom peuvent procurer.
Recommandant en particulier les affaires de Cap ne Witschart,
et ceux quy nous avons en charge pour recommander par bouche.
Signe W. Keith, W. Murray. 1

[The letter addressed to King James by the States- General
on 28th June 1594, conveying their congratulations on the
birth of the Prince of Scotland, contains no reference to the
Scots troops in their service.

The representations made by the Ambassadors were, however,
referred to in the answer of the States-General to the King
dated 1st July 1594, as follows :]

6 Quant au pretendu payement des services faictz a ces pays
par quelques ungs de la nation Escossoises, Lesditz Estatz
asseurent sa dicte M te que telz ses subiectz ont este traictez si
favorablement par deca pour le regard dudict payement que
aulcuns aultres de quelle nation ilz ayent estez, mesmes beau-
coup mieux que aucun de ces pays et que pour ladvenir tandiz
quilz seront en leurs service ilz continueront a leur donner
contentement selon que sera convenu avec iceux, et la disposi-
tion de leurs affaires le pourra aucunement permettre. Ainsy
que nommement a aussy este faict au Cap ne Witssart pour le
regard de ce que luy pourroit competer de la Generalite estant
en quil pretend ulterieurement de la ville du Bommel une chose
particuliere quy ne touche aux Estats recommanderont neant-
moins tres voluntiers son faict au Magistrat dicelle ville affin
quilz luy donnent tel contentement comme en raison et
equite ilz trouveront convenir. . . .'

July 5. — On the request of Margaret Penicuik, widow of
Andrew Murisson, Scotsman, brought over and recommended
by the Lords Ambassadors of Scotland, it is appointed :

Combien que les Etats Generaux des Provinces Unies des
Pays Bas ne sont en aucune maniere tenus au payement du
pretendu de la suppliante, si ont ilz toutefois par pure com-
miseration faict presenter a Icelle, comme Ilz presentent encore,
la somme de cent florins une fois, saulf qu'elle promecte de
ne les plus molester.

On the request of William Hunter de Menhal about pre-



1594] CLAIMS OF STEWART AND OTHERS 151

venting him holding transfer from the widow of David Treyl
[Trail] over the service arrears of the same, likewise brought
over and recommended by the foresaid ambassadors it is
appointed :

Les Etats Generaux des Provinces Unies des Pays Bas,
aians examime le contenu de ceste requeste, declarent que
apres le deces ' de feu le capitaine David Treyl, aiant sa
veufe faicte poursuite pour le payement des arrierages des
services du d. son mary, Icelle a este grandement favorisee,
tellement que pour ceste consideration et que lad. veufe est
natifve de ces pays, elle ne debuoit ny peult faire aucun trans-
port valide de semblable action a quelqu'un estranger au
prejudice de Festat ains patienter, comme aultres et la garder
plustost pour une assurance du douaire promis a Icelle par
led. feu Capitaine David Treyl.

On the request of Alexander Wishart, brought over as afore-
said, it is appointed:

Les Etats Generaux etc. aians examine cette deuxieme re-
queste du suppliant, declarent qu'ilz luy ont presente, comme
ilz le font encores, de recommander ses affaires au Magistrat de
la ville de Bommel, affin de luy donner tout raison de contente-
ment, comme estant un faict particulier qui aultrement ne
leur touche. Si neanmoins il ne se contente avec ceste de-
claration, ains ayme mieux poursuivre sa pretension contre le
Magistrat ou quelques autres particuliers par voie de justice,
sont aussy contens de recommander a la cour ou Magistrat,
ou il conviendrat, que brieve et bonne justice luy soit ad-
ministrate, selon que en droict et equite sera trouve convenir
au pretendant quelque action particuliere contre les Estats
de Hollande, de Zelande, s^l la desire poursuivre les ditz
Estats generaux luy feront toute Taddresse a eux possible, la
et ainsy qu'il sera besoing.

July 5. — Received a letter from the King of Scotland, dated
at Edinburgh the last day of April, in favour of the widow
of Walter Cant, heir of the late Captain David Cant, in order
that the same should receive arrears of payment for services of
said captain.

Item. Another letter from the foresaid king, dated at St.



152 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1594

Croix [Holyrood] the 8th May, in favour of the son of the late
Captain William Renton who formerly served the Lands in
Brabant, regarding arrears of payment for the services of the
same.

The Lords Ambassadors of Scotland handed over a certain
written statement, of which the tenor, hereafter inserted,
follows :

' A Messieurs les Estats generaux des Provinces Unies des

Pays Bas.

' Les Ambassadeurs de Sa Majeste d'Escosse, estant en charge,
tant par leur commission que par credence, de recommander
au nom de Sa Maj 6 a vos Seigneuries le contentement et satis-
faction de ses subiectz, aiant faict service en ces Pays bas, et
considere plusieurs difficultez qui se peuvent mouvoir en la
liquidation d'icelles debtes, a raison qu'elles sont de diverses
natures, prient de pouvoir entendre par escript Tintention de
voz S ies sur les pointz suyvans.

' Scavoir, comment ilz entendent de traicter ceux qui sont en
arriere pour le service faict par dela la Meuse, avant la ren-
dition d'Anvers, si comme les heritiers de feu Henry Balfour,
colonel, et de feu capitaine Renton, avecq leurs semblables,
tant vefues que aultrement.

'Es comme ilz entendent avec ceux qui ont faict service par
dela la Meuse depuis la rendition d"Anvers, si comme les
heritiers de feu Capitaine David Treyl et leurs semblables, a
ce qu'ilz puissent donner contentement a Sa Maj 6 sur ce faict."*

Answer of the States-General

Which writing being read, it is thereafter resolved as
follows :

1594, July 5. — Les Estates Generaux des Provinces Unies
des Pays Bas, pour satisfaire a la requisition de Messieurs les
Ambassadeurs du serenissime Roy d'Escosse, declarent sur les
deux points de cest escript, qu'ilz ont tousiours soustenuz et
par plusieurs lettres et escripts remonstre aud. S me Roy, mesme
par Tenvoy de leurs deputez en Escosse, que les dites Provinces
Unies nestoient aucunement tenues paier aucunes debtes, si
peu des services des gens de guerre que aultres faicts et con-
tractez par dela la Meuse, pour les raisons par eux amplement



1594] CLAIMS OF STEWART AND OTHERS 153

et largement deduites et alleguees contre les pretensions du S r
Guillaume Stuart et aultres, lesquelles Ilz s^asseurent que Sa
Ma te aura advoues, tellement que les pretendans denommez en
ce premier point dud. escript, s"en doibvent contenter sans
qu'ilz ont matiere de pretendre quelque chose contre eux pour
les services faictz par dela la Meuze.

Sur le II s . — II a este convenu et accorde sur quelques con-
ditions et articles avecq les Capitaines Escossais, sur lesquelz
ils sont entrez avec leurs compagnies au service du pays par
deca la Meuze, lesquels leur ont aussy este tenuz et satisfaictz,
comme ilz le seront encores tandiz qu'ilz seront au service
desditz Estats, en tant que la disposition de Testat le pourra
aucunement permectre. Et pour le regard des arrierages en
sera use comme font tous Roys, Princes, Potentatz et aultres
Republicques, en reservants les payemens d'icelles jusques a
la fin de la guerre, bien entendu advenant qu'il y eult aucun
des capitaines qui, ne pouvant attendre ce temps, se presentoit
laisser traicter raisonnablement et qu'il y eut quelques con-
siderations particulieres pour lesquelles on les pourroit ac-
comoder. Les ditz Estatz monstreront en tel evenement aux
Escossois, comme ilz ont tousiours faict plus de faveur que a
aucune aultre nation.

1594, July 5. — On the report made by the Advocate Olden-
barnevelt and the Recorder Aerssen, that they, on the footing
of the foregoing proposal and intentions of the States, as to
which they had a charge committed to them, fully carried out
the transaction about the payment of accounts which was
made with Sir William Murray, Ambassador of the King of
Scotland in Antwerp, the 10 September '83, he being Captain
of a Company of Scots, and to be paid for the services done
by him and said Company since the 4 March 1582 till the last
of August 1583 ; said account amounting to the sum of
twelve thousand and two pounds, ten shillings, and ten pence,
on the same footing as the transaction with Colonel Stuart,
viz. for the eight and a half pence, a sum amounting to
fourteen hundred and twenty-three pounds, fifteen shillings,
and three pence, and over and above, as a complement to the
sum of altogether two thousand pounds ; a deed of transac-
tion being drawn up was now read and signed by the foresaid



154 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1594

Captain Murray, in so far as it may please the States to
approve and agree to the same.

The foregoing transaction having been read, the same was
approved and ratified, and it was resolved that the Receiver-
General should be commissioned by two injunctions to pay
the said two thousand pounds out of the moneys received by
him from the contributions of the Provinces. The foresaid
<£ J 1423, 15 s. 3 p. in discharge of the foresaid account, and
the balance of the said i?2000 to be employed for certain
services to the advantage of the Land, and in such manner
that on both sides it is promised that the matter shall be kept
secret.

[The States, who had been invited by King James to act as
sponsors at the baptism of his son, sent Walraven, Lord of
Brederode, and Mr. Jacob Valcke, Treasurer-General of Zea-
land, to represent them at the ceremony. 1 Their instructions,
dated 19th July, contained nothing relative to the Scottish
troops, but their Report, given on 7th November, on their
return to Holland, contains several allusions to the officers,
and is of such general interest that it is given in full.]

1594, November 7. — In a meeting of the Sovereign States-
General a report was made by the Lord of Brederode and the
Treasurer Jacob Valck, of how they had fared in their Legation
in Scotland, and thereanent they communicated their official
statement as follows : —

RELATION of what happened and was experienced by us the undersigned
Ambassadors of my Lords the States-General to His Royal Majesty
of Scotland, in and during our legation, from day to day, following
the new style.

It having pleased my Lords the States-General aforesaid to commission
us Walrauen, Lord of Brederode, etc. , and Jacob Valcke, Treasurer of
Zeeland, to travel to the King of Scotland, James the Sixth of that name,
with Credentials and Instructions consisting in three principal points :



1 These ambassadors carried ' magnificent presents to the infant prince, and
an annual pension for life, the contract for which was presented in a gold box.
. . . On the departure of the ambassadors, 1500 Scots were sent over to Holland
to augment the Brigade.'— Hist. Acct. For a full account of the ceremony see
Calderwood's Historie, vol. v. p. 342.



1594] REPORT OF DUTCH AMBASSADORS 155

to wit, in order to assist at the baptism of the young Prince of Scotland,
to renew the old alliances and friendships between Scotland and these
Lands and to negotiate a secret treaty with the other Princes against the
usurpations of the Spaniards in such manner as stands more fully related
in the prescribed Instruction. So it came about that on the first of
August fifteen hundred and ninety-four, after having taken leave of my
Lords the States-General, and having received our despatches and neces-
saries, we left the Hague for Veere, arriving there on the third, and as we
did not find the ship named The Dolphin there, and also learnt that the
captains of the two pinnances were at Zierikzee, we wrote to them respec-
tively, and the following day both the captain of The Dolphin with his ship
and the other captains there put in an appearance, and thereafter they got
everything so prepared that they were ready to sail with the first favour-
able wind : so indeed we embarked on Monday the eighth of August and
under God's protection set sail, encountering a variety of wind, weather,
and other occurrences, but making such progress that we arrived on
Saturday the thirteenth of August in the roadstead of Leith in Scotland :
then it must also be told that in the interval an accident happened to the
two pinnances of our voyage, they having run against each other and
damaged each other, and that not without great danger. On the
thirteenth foresaid, seeing we could not for lack of wind and tide come
ashore, there came to us first the Agent Dammen and thereafter these
gentlemen, Mr. John Scheneus, Advocate Fiscal of the King and Coun-
sellor to the Queen, Mr. Robert Deneston, Keeper of Veere [Campvere],
and Mr. David Lindesay, minister of Leith, with four of the King's
trumpeters : and after having congratulated us on our arrival, in a good
oration in Latin, embracing considerations concerning the new-born
prince, and this having been briefly replied to by us, we stepped into their
boat with this company and rowed to land, where on the shore waiting for
us and receiving us we found the Lord Baron of Carmicle, chief equerry to
His Majesty, and the gentleman James Melvin, knight, steward and coun-
sellor to His Majesty, with nineteen of the King's horses : which gentle-
men, after demonstration of our being welcome took horse to Leith and
we likewise, and then to the inn, and were conducted to bedchambers
since dinner was being prepared on the part of the King, and we were
requested still to remain a day there at the King's expense, and while
doing so, we advised my Lords the States-General of our arrival.

On the fourteenth of August, being Sunday, we were conducted by the
foresaid gentlemen and the magistrates to the preaching, where places
were provided for us with spreads and cushions of velvet, and the preach-
ing in Scotch being ended, the minister, after exhortation to the people
in reference to us, addressed himself to us in the French language,
thanking us in the name of the church for the honour of our presence,
and then he briefly repeated the substance of his preaching, and we
remained and lodged at Leith that day, as the lodgings at Edemburgh
could not yet be got in order : we sent accordingly the steward Baten-
burgh to Edemburgh to make provision for the kitchen, but he reported



156 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1594

that he had been told by the counsellor of the King that this was not
necessary, that provision was made on the part of the King, and that he
was commissioned not to allow anything other to be done or come to pass.

On the fifteenth about midday, after dinner, there came to salute us,
besides the foresaid gentlemen, the Lord Steuardt Prior of Planterre
[Blantyre] and Counsellor of the King, the Provost of the town of Edem-
burgh, William Hume, with the Baron of Carmicle and others, and they
convoyed us with the King's horses and brought us into Edemburgh to
our lodgings and bedchambers with manifold and often reiterated proffers
of every good thing ; and declaring our coming to be so welcome, yea !
more welcome than that of any other ambassadors, both to His Majesty,
and also to the nobility, the church, and the commons, hoping from it
some special virtue and service to the religion and the common cause :
and further as to defrayment it has been provided for most excellently,
along with all means for compliments and courtesies.

On the sixteenth of August we found good to proffer our greetings to the
Lords Ambassadors of England and Denmark respectively, and to declare
that we should willingly come and greet their excellencies, but considering
that this might be other than welcome before we should have had an
audience of His Majesty, beg that the delay be looked upon in the best
light by their excellencies, and so also that apology was accepted.

The same day came to greet us the ministers and church council of the
town, very heartily testifying their gladness and pleasure in our coming
and therethrough hoping and expecting much good, etc.

The same day we received a letter from the King through Captain de
Lachy [Dallachy], and which is submitted among the documents belong-
ing to this legation. It is written with his own hand and the contents
bear how pleasant our coming was to His Majesty, and excuses himself
for not more quickly coming to see us.

On the seventeenth some of the forementioned gentlemen along with
the Bailies and others of the magistracy came and fetched us and con-
ducted us to the preaching escorted by twelve hallebardiers, etc.

On the eighteenth as it was announced to us that the Ambassador of
England, Sir Boows [Mr. Bowes] by name, along with those of Denmark,
respectively desired to greet us, we sent to the said Lords respectively
excusing ourselves on the ground that we following our devoir did not
come and greet their excellencies before having had an Audience of the
King, which their excellencies respectively took in good part, and did
thank us with proffers of all good, and expressing great desire to enter
into conversation with us. Similarly also it happened with regard to the
Ambassador of Mecklenburgh and Brunswick, and he of Mecklenburgh
sent his compliments to us desiring that he might go and see the ships of
my Lords the States (that we came over in), which could not yet con-
veniently be done, as said ships were under repair in the harbour of Leith.

On the twentieth the Lord Chancellor of the kingdom, Metallamus
[Maitland] (having come in late the evening before from his house to
Edemburgh), gave us to understand that he would come and greet us, and



1594] REPORT OF DUTCH AMBASSADORS 157

although we had desired ourselves to have done that devoir towards his
lordship, he was pleased not to suffer it, and came to us at our lodging, and
after reciprocal greetings and welcomes lie entered upon discourse about
the condition of the United Provinces and their prospects ; how highly the
friendship of my Lords the States was esteemed by the King his master,
and how greatly also by his council, that therefore they had caused us to
be invited to stand as witnesses at the baptism of the young Prince, and
that he was at one with us in wishing to see, in opposition to the unrigh-
teous pretensions and usurpations of the King of Spain, some good treaty
made ; about which there was too much delay ; that likewise they had
laboured in Denmark, Mecklenburgh, Brunswick, and with other Princes,
by commission of the King his master, especially with respect of the
right to the crown of England, His Majesty standing in the expectation
that thereanent he should find intentions differ, indeed most tending to
this, that any one of the said King and princes would prefer to see the
others go before them, and then they would certainly be willing to
follow : that he had found the Council of Denmark cool in the matter
because of the minority of the King, and likewise the said other princes,
and particularly he of Brunswick, who intimated his house was in alliance
with the House of Austria, which alliance he on his part would not will-
ingly be the first to break ; he told us also that those of Venice had
given hints to His Majesty about a treaty against the King of Spain
fearing the overgreat power of the same, concerning which negotiations
were still being carried on at the present time by certain on the part of
His Majesty, sent thither with answers for that sole purpose, as we other-
wise also had come to know. Further, he said, that the Duke of Florence,
Mantua, and they, were thereto agreeable : to all which was said by us
in general terms, that it was to be wished that the Princes and Republics
who were of the religion might in such a manner be united that the
King of Spain with his partisans might be worsted in his projects. That
also my Lords the States in order to effect this will neglect no means in
their power to second His Majesty and other princes, etc. His lordship
prolonged his discourse on the same subject to great length, and related
to us how some time ago when the Spanish fleet was in their waters that
having surprised a common lyre player they had been at him to win him
over to the allegiance of the King of Spain, and to corrupt him, saying
that the purpose of the said King of Spain was nothing more than to take
vengeance on the Queen of England for the ill turns she had done him,
that he would not interfere with Scotland whether in religion or other-
wise, desiring to give to the King thereof good reliable promises and
assurances, and that thereto it was replied by his Lordship that such
moderation in the proposals was most unexpected, and that the Kingdom
of Scotland too much dreaded having for a neighbour so mighty a prince
as the King of Spain, not to mention the diversity of religion, and more
reasons besides ; and discourses pertinent to the subject, touching some-
times upon the intentions and policy of the Queen of England, etc.
Thereafter his lordship, with great demonstrations of affection for my



158 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1594

Lords the States and their affairs, took respectful leave of us, not wishing
in any wise to be escorted by us, we caused his lordship to be convoyed
by some noblemen to his lodging, and he departed the same day to
Strevelingen.

The twenty-first, being Sunday, the magistracy of the city in solemn
procession with other gentlemen of his Majesty's council conducted us to
the preaching and thence homewards again.

The twenty-second August, the said gentlemen and magistrates con-
ducted us in solemni formi to the place of studies, where some students
in philosophy orated and disputed. With them was (and among others
the young Count of Gowre disputed) my Lord Setton who accompanied
us and the other said gentlemen homewards.

The same day very late in the evening some gentlemen of the council,
namely the abovenamed Prince of Planterre and Sir Robbert Melvin, 1
Treasurer-Depute, being come from Strevelingen, came to announce and
excuse that the day of the baptism was again postponed to Sunday the
five and twentieth August old style, as His Majesty had received tidings
of the coming of the Ambassador of France ; desired that they would
take the delay in good part and declared that if said Ambassador
should not by that time have arrived they would not put off longer.

The twenty-third of August nothing special happened or was done
worth remembering, except that we caused the blanks in the letter of
De Reuter to the young prince for a godchild's gift to be filled up with
the name of the Queen, in these words, Anna Fille de Denmarcque, in
gold letters, which the open space demanded, and so well is it done that
there is not the smallest difference between these and the other letters or
observable in the combination. We acted as may easily be understood as
best might uphold the honour of our country in regard to the nurse and
others placed around the young prince.



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