Scottish History Society. cn.

Publications of the Scottish History Society (Volume 32) online

. (page 19 of 59)
Online LibraryScottish History Society. cnPublications of the Scottish History Society (Volume 32) → online text (page 19 of 59)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


On the twenty-fourth we were conducted by the Baron of Carmickle,
Equerry of His Majesty, with the King's and other horses, outside to the
fields, to take a turn, fully about thirty horses, accompanied by the
Councillor Melvin, the Conservator, the brother of the Earl of Orkney
and the son of the Count of . Abbot of . . . In this

excursion we saw a beautiful country domain, well cultivated, and so
towards evening we came again to our lodging.

The twenty-fifth, the Lord Ambassador of England came to greet us
with presentation of all good things and services that were in his power,
wishing that we might have had an audience of the King, and that he
would be free to have some conference with us, letting us know that
he was given to understand that the King would be in the town the next
day and that we should then obtain an audience. Next day, the twenty-
sixth August, we conveyed our thanks to the said Lord Ambassador, for,
in especial, his good affection, and the trouble he had taken which he



1 Afterwards first Lord Melville.



1594] REPORT OF DUTCH AMBASSADORS 159

had done (so he had declared to the Agent Dammen) on the said twenty-
fourth, when we did ride out for a tour (notwithstanding his previous
indisposition and that he is very old), Tie had sat on horseback having
sought to meet us in the field, having even gone as far as the Aby
Fountain without meeting us, which we were sorry for, besides that
we also desired very much to confer with his excellency, and touching
the arrival of the King that it was very agreeable to us to understand
the same and to get an audience to shorten our stay, and to allow
occasion to confer with his excellency. We also took steps to ascer-
tain what opportunity there might be to return through England if it
should be agreeable, time and business permitting. Having learned the
same day and ascertained that the rumour of the King's arrival had
proved vain, nothing came of it, and vexing ourselves that time was
slipping away and nothing being done, we deliberated among our-
selves whether, to save time, it would not be well to communicate to
the Lord Chancellor, who that evening had arrived in the town, the pre-
liminaries on the point of the confirmation of the aforesaid Treaty, and
also to get to know what further intentions might be entertained, and so
we had planned to send to his Lordship, when the Lord Conservator of the
Scotch nation at Veere (who otherwise was always much with us com-
plimenting and making addresses) came to say that the said Lord
Chancellor had begged to come to us, and after usual greetings to say to
us that seeing His Majesty was well aware the loss of time would vex us,
his lordship had come into the town and desired along with some
gentlemen of the Council to come and confer with us, so as to gain time
and put through preliminaries while His Majesty was otherwise occupied
at Streveling, the which we declared would be very agreeable to us,
besides that we in pursuance of our devoir would wait on his lordship.
To this it was answered, that this was for important reasons not desired
by his lordship, and that he would come to us. We acted upon the
hint of his lordship so as not to disturb him in his good consideration
and expected him accordingly. At our instance the hour was fixed by
his lordship at full afternoon, then on account of other occupations of
the Council it was remitted to the following day at ten o'clock forenoon.
Here and at intervals there was brought to our notice, as did also
formerly happen to us, on the part or indeed in the name of the Earl
of Bobwel, that by some nobleman we were besought to intercede with
His Majesty in behalf of the proscribed lords, namely the Earl of Huntly,
the Earl of Angous, and the Earl of Arol, to the end that they should
enter the service and otherwise strictly bind themselves to the United
Netherlands, should respect the King and obey as good vassals, and
break off all alliances and communication with the King of Spain and his
followers, adding that on the part of Her Majesty of England they were
cordially invited to that course, but on conditions unacceptable to them,
and lastly, desiring to be reconciled to their King, and would prefer to
have that brought about by other means, as has been said : that they
had already taken some steps to plead with His Majesty, that such a



160 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1594

work would be honourable. Whereto we, after mutual discourse, re-
solved to do nothing for reasons sufficiently notour and should we be
further importuned to excuse ourselves in the same, with good motives.

On the twenty-seventh, about ten o'clock forenoon, the Lord Chancellor
with the Councillors Melvin, Treasurer, and Mr. Steuard aforesaid came
to us, and after customary greetings and demonstrations of benevolence,
the Lord Chancellor commenced by declaring that His Majesty being
aware that the time of waiting must be very vexatious to us, had
charged his lordship to make his excuses and forthwith to enter into
conference concerning the affairs of our Land.

We answered that excuses were uncalled for, that the entertainment,
recueil, and the honour done us were indeed such that the delay had not
caused us annoyance, although we were extremely anxious that our
business should be pushed on so that we might return home as soon
as possible, but that we also were well able to take into consideration
that His Majesty (like other princes) had important affairs in hand and
other reasons, wherethrough everything could not take place on the
appointed time and day. In this we willingly expressed our content-
ment, thanking His Majesty, and no less their lordships for their good
care in advancing the business and in order to accomplish that which we
were authorised to confer anent. And first of all we related that
although the Agent Dammen was not included by name in our com-
mission, etc., yet, nevertheless, as, after our departure, the continuation
and prosecution of the business would be confided to him (as Agent
General) request was made that it might please their lordships that
the said Dammen might be present at the conference. Whereupon the
Lord Chancellor highly commended the good conduct of the said Agent,
and declared that he found it good and necessary that he should be
present, and so it was decided. Having accordingly therefore entered
into conference (the affair of the baptism of the young prince having
been remitted reckoning there was time for that after) the renewal
of the old treaties between Scotland and the Netherlands tendered by
His Majesty was first spoken of, for which, while we expressed our
thanks, we have, following our Instruction brought down the application
of the same to the year fifteen hundred and fifty, whereupon the Lord
Chancellor pointed out that the foresaid treaty had been mutually kept
unbroken, having none the less had a sole existence of a hundred years :
that also the questions out of which the foresaid treaty and others
originated were not caused by either of the contracting parties, but by
others, their respective allies, that being sufficiently acquainted with the
contents of this one there should therefore be no difficulty in confirming
said treaty ; and having in reference to it exhibited the Instrument de-
spatched by my Lords the States including the Insertion, the which were
carried to his lordship's house by the Agent Dammen, but it came to
pass that it was not then sealed as his lordship departed to Strevelingh.
The said Chancellor did in the said conference principally discourse at
length on the expediency and necessity of a common league of the



1594] REPORT OF DUTCH AMBASSADORS 161

princes, devoted to the religion against the superstitions of the King of
Spain and his adherents ; of the manifold devoirs by his King through
him and others to various Kings and Princes in Germany, favourable
thereto without hitherto much fruit : also of the minority of the elect
King of Denmark as well as that some other princes said they were
in alliance with the House of Austria, and about not wishing to be the
first to break off", etc. Whereupon we answered that all the world knows
how my Lords the States have continuously during many years carried
on war against the Spanish tyranny, that they did not doubt in ought of
the good intention and inclination of their lordships to so good a cause,
provided that it was carried out along with others, with the goodwill of
the Queen of England, with whom for her sake they were ready to
come into closer communication under the oversight of the other Kings
and princes ; that that was their commission, and after that had been
promised and confirmed as good and adviseable by the said Lord
Chancellor, the conference thereupon took end, and we thereafter went
together to dinner and the Chancellor departed in the afternoon to
Strevelingh as aforesaid. On the days immediately following nothing
specially worthy of note occurred, only that on the twenty-ninth we
wrote to my Lords the States, and besides that the day of the baptism
was put off because of the diverse and uncertain tidings about the Am-
bassador of England, and that it was hinted we were to go to Strevelingh
on Wednesday the last of August, and that the King begged us not to
take it ill that the baptism was put off till the Sunday thereafter.
On the said last of August we did greet the Lord Ambassador of England
with due compliments, and hinted at our departure for Strevelingh,
hoping that after our audience we should see his excellency there
and speak with him. In answer, thanking us with reciprocal compliments,
he let us know that he likewise would willing confer with us on matters
touching the welfare of Christendom. The said journey, after some
hindrance, was begun on September first, and we came in the evening to
Lisco [Linlithgow], and next day, the second September, we arrived at
Strevelingh, where the King was. Our arrival was honoured with three
shots of artillery from the castle and the King's trumpeters came to meet
us : we were escorted on the road from Edemburgh to Strevelingh by various
gentlemen and noblemen thereto appointed by the King, and everywhere
besides we met with many civilities and kind attentions, specially from
the Baron of Carmicle, who kept us provided with good horses as far as
Strevelingh, where we were brought to our lodging, being the house of
the Earl of Argeil, where we were well accommodated with everything.
The Baron of Hetten, Grand Steward of the King, and my Lord Laitdois
[Lindores], son of the Earl of Rothes, were commissioned by the King to
come and bid us welcome and they announced that we should next day
have an audience of the King at ten o'clock forenoon.

On Saturday, the third September, near about ten o'clock, the
gentlemen, my Lord Hetton and my Lord Landois aforesaid came and
fetched us and conducted us to the audience with the King, which took

L



162 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1594

place in the court of the Earl of May, where we found His Majesty,
assisted by the Lords, Duke of Lemice, the Earl of Marn, the Earl of
Montros and his eldest son, the Earl of Lencarne, my Lord Hui, My
Lord Sincler, my Lord de Levingston, my Lord Hethone, my Lord
Flammurgh, my Lord Helvistone, my Lord Semple and others. We
made our reverence and kissed hands and with suitable compliments,
from my Lords the States-General delivered our credentials to His
Majesty having- made known the reasons of our coming thither in
accordance with the contents of our instruction. His Majesty answered
thereto in substance, saying that he himself had been moved by two
special reasons to call and invite my Lords the States to be witnesses
and godfathers in the baptism of his first son the Prince of Scotland,
the first, because of the fellowship and unanimity of the religion like-
wise sought by other Kings and Princes, for in that cause the States of
the United Netherlands had suffered much, and in order to witness
before all the world his right disposition to the religion, to the
confusion of those who had asserted otherwise of him : and the other
reason, owing to the friendship and alliance which the ancestors of
His Majesty had maintained during a long period with the Netherlands ;
that our persons were therefore welcome and agreeable to him, especially
the Lord of Brederode as being a descendant of the family of the Counts
of Holland, to which His Majesty also belonged, or was also descended
from, and Valcke as an honour to the ambassage, he in that way getting
a compliment : further, he testified very lovingly to the affection borne
by His Majesty to my Lords the States, and afterwards falling into
familiar talk, the King told how the Queen of England had taken the
matter peevishly, and that she was complaining to all Ambassadors that
His Majesty had invited my Lords the States to be witnesses and
godfathers, thus putting those who, she said, were her subjects, on the
same footing as Kings and Princes ; and that thereanent His Majesty
had told her he was of opinion that this should be more agreeable to
Her Majesty than if he had invited the King of Spain for that purpose.
Then we said, that Her Majesty had no ground for esteeming so little
my Lords the States representatives of the Sovereignty of Dukes, Counts
and Lords, much less to name them her subjects ; that besides, by the
treaty entered into with Her Majesty and by other things the contrary
was sufficiently evident. His Majesty said enough about that, and that
it was a woman and we must forgive her sex. 1 Then after having spoken
a little about the affair of Groningen and the war in the Netherlands, we
took our leave with due reverences to His Majesty and other principal
princes and lords there present.

In the afternoon we caused it to be made known to the Queen that
whenever Her Majesty pleased she might give us audience, which was
remitted to the next day, the fourth September, between two and three
o'clock after mid-day, in order that, after the audience, we might go to
dinner with Her Majesty and the King.

1 King Jamie thus had his revenge for the Queen's letter of 1588 (p. 129).



1594] REPORT OF DUTCH AMBASSADORS 163

The fourth September, after mid-day as aforesaid, the gentlemen, my
Lord Simple and Mr. Alexander Hesvistone, came and fetched us and
conducted us with the King's horses to the Castle or Palace of the King,
where being brought into the presence of Her Majesty, and having offered
her fitting reverences and kissed hands, we presented to Her Majesty the
compliments and recommendations of my Lords the States in pursuance
of our commission, which were very amicably and gratefully received by
Her Majesty. Thereafter Her Majesty proceeded to ask after the welfare
of his excellence, Count Mauritz of Nassau, as a blood relation of Her
Majesty, and how his affairs prospered. To which we answered that we
knew nothing but what was good, that we did not doubt but that
his excellence would have written to Her Majesty through us
had he not been engaged at a distance in warlike affairs and greatly
occupied with the siege of Groningen, which now (by God's grace) was
taken. Then, after some more informal conversation, we took leave of
Her Majesty and were conducted to the quarters of the young prince,
whom we saw there and kissed hands, and he appears to be a very fine
thriving child as can be seen from the picture of him we brought over
with us. Thence again we were conducted to the quarters of the King,
whom we found in company with the Lords Ambassadors of Denmark, of
Brunswick, and of Meckelenburgh, and after some familiar and general
conversation on diverse subjects we went in to dinner. At table were
their Majesties, the Ambassadors of Denmark, by name Christian Barin-
couw and Steijn Bilde, the Ambassador of Brunswick, named Adam
Crause, the Ambassador of Meckelenburgh, named Joachim Bassewits,
and we two without saying more, there being besides there present many
Lords-in-waiting, namely, the Duke of Lennox, the Earl of Mar, my
Lord Hum, etc. The dinner passed off with many good and joyous
dances of His Majesty and all the Lords and Nobles. When the meal
was finished His Majesty, not without great pressing as we were present,
set himself to dance, and that being ended, about midnight we were
brought back from the Castle on horseback to our lodging.

On Monday the fifth September we sought out and saluted with befitting
compliments my Lords the Ambassadors of Denmark who reciprocally on
their part met us therein with every civility and compliments. In the
interval His Majesty did invite us to accompany him in hunting as those
on journey had not come, for reasons before mentioned. About mid-day
we went again, accompanied by various gentlemen, to the palace, and
after some familiar conversation with His Majesty and the Lords Ambas-
sadors aforesaid, His Majesty called the Ambassadors and us apart, saying
that he wished to hold a consultation with us. It was to deliberate,
according to custom, with the godfathers about the name to be given to
the young prince. Whereupon, after various considerations and discourse,
we all in common resolved, after having respect to the kinship and other
things besides, on Frederick Hendrick, Frederick in respect of the grand-
father on the mother's side the late King of Denmark, and Hendrick in
respect of the Duke of Brunswick as of Meckelenburgh, grandfather of



164 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1594

the Queen on the mother's side ; item, that the King of France is also
named Hendrick, so also is the father of the Queen of England, although
her Ambassadors were not yet present. His Majesty said to baptize him
with the name of Charles Jacques, but without wishing any heed to be
paid to his words, he being of opinion and so many others that the name
Jacques was unlucky, and he had for good reasons given up Charles.
A festo Bartholemes 1572. Thereafter a dinner was given by their
Majesties, and it was held with the same personages and in the same
style as the former one : as also that if His Majesty in hunting should
kill a stag he wished that we should eat of it next day, following up
which the Ambassadors of Denmark with all honours and joyousness at
the pleasure of His Majesty invited us against next day at noon.

On Tuesday the sixth September we went as abovewritten to dinner
as the guests of the Ambassadors of Denmark, and at table we were
invited all together to supper at the Palace in the evening on the part of
the Earl of Mar. There in the evening we all compeared and were
entertained, and during supper the company was very heartily together
and well served. His Majesty came there as prince and bore himself
very happily and joyfully, showing, indeed, towards us even more than
to the others his good inclination. In course of all this it continued to
be the resolution of the King to have the baptism done next day, then
one other day it was put off because of the Ambassador of England, the
Earl of Sussex, who was only to arrive this day, the seventh, in the
evening, at Strevelingh. The seventh September, being Wednesday,
we were the guests of the Lords Ambassadors of Brunswick and
Meckelenburgh.

The eighth September we went out to hunt in the Park with the King,
and returning thence His Majesty gave audience to the Ambassador of
England, and thereafter we sent to the Ambassador Ordinary, Mr. Boos,
in order (as we had now had an audience) to make our salutations to His
Excellency besides to the Lord Ambassador the Duke of Sussex. This
we did on Friday the ninth September, and offered and received recipro-
cally the compliments due and suitable to the occasion, remitting further
conference to a better opportunity.

On the ninth, as aforesaid, the baptism of the said young prince was
solemnised with all ceremonies and solemnities fitting in the baptism of so
high a prince, as preachings, first in Scotch and afterwards by the Bishop of
Iverdin [Aberdeen] in Latin, with orations in Latin, first verses and there-
after prose, among other things exhorting the Princes and States whereof
the Ambassadors were present, tanquam actione sponsoria obligates, to be
mindful of their vows in regard to the said Prince to help to bring him
up and instruct and exercise him in the Reformed Christian Religion,
and the name was given Fredrick Hendrick, Hendrick Fredrick. Here
we may note that the King had caused to be hung over the heads of the
Ambassadors respectively the coats of arms of their princes, and above
us (without our knowing beforehand) the coats of Holland and Zeeland,
and thus wrongly done, we caused the same to be taken down, and had



1594] REPORT OF DUTCH AMBASSADORS 165

the coats of arms of the six United Provinces that belong to the honour
of the same portrayed in forma.

The solemnities being accomplished," and the name of the prince being
repeatedly announced to the people by the Herald with flourishes of
trumpets, Largess was called out ; the King dubbed sixteen noblemen
knights, whereof the first was William Stewart. After all which the
Lords Ambassadors each in order made presentation to Her Majesty of
the godchild gifts, we too, in accordance with our commission, and Her
Majesty for this heartily thanked my Lords the States. Then after each
had gone away a little on account of refreshments, we all went in to the
Royal dinner and banquet. At table were His Majesty, the Queen, the
old and new Ambassadors of England, and all the others aforesaid, in-
cluding us, without saying more, and everything passed off to the evening
with cheerfulness.

The tenth September we sent the Agent Dammen to the King to say to
His Majesty that since now the solemnity of the baptism of the young
Prince was past, and we should very much like to return home at the
first opportunity, we begged His Majesty, if it should please him, to give
us his further commands in anything or to deign to come into conference
with us on the subject lately entertained with the Lord Chancellor, or
otherwise we held ourselves ready to proceed in accordance with His
Majesty's good pleasure, and the said Dammen reported that the King
said that the matter of two or three days was of no consequence, and
that he had still something to speak to us about and that the Chancellor
would need to be present at the interview, and that it should be at
Edemburgh, and that he had given the Chancellor orders to arrange
for that.

The eleventh, being Sunday, the King let us know that we were to
come to supper in the evening with His Majesty and, towards evening,
being conducted by certain gentlemen of the Court to His Majesty's the
same said to us before supper that His Majesty had been much hindered
by leavetakings given to the other Ambassadors who had been there a
very long time. Hence we were detained and he would give orders that
we should leave next day in the afternoon for Edemburgh, where within
five or six days His Majesty would meet us, and meantime he had given
orders to the Chancellor to enter into conference with us on the subject
of what still remained to be done as regards the proposals of His Majesty
to my Lords the States ; His Majesty further declaring that he had
spoken with the Ambassador of England about the League, and it
appeared the Earl of Sussex had no special commission on that point,
but the Ambassador Ordinary certainly had, and he had said that he
had still something to speak of to His Majesty, he supposing that it
would be about that. His Majesty indicated the right to the crown
of England that was due to him, and therefore the more desired to
strengthen himself against the King of Spain through whose tyranny
his kingdom was agitated by the sedition of certain, and that in
especial in respect of the religion, which His Majesty protested he



166 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1594

always heartily resolved to maintain, as he (if we waited ten days
longer) would cause us to see in his actions, noticing his intended
campaign against the prescribed lords living in the north quarter.
Further, he said that he had caused representations to be made to the
Queen of England about the League ; that she did request His Majesty
to send the Ambassador to the Archduke Ernestus to the end that he
should not raise trouble in His Majesty's lands, but that he had answered
he did not approve this course for divers reasons, the said Archduke
being no more than the lieutenant of the King of Spain, and that
it would be a long time indeed before he would get any despatches on
the subject from Spain ; thinking, also, that if such request were made
or if he sent on that account that the Queen of England would therein



Online LibraryScottish History Society. cnPublications of the Scottish History Society (Volume 32) → online text (page 19 of 59)