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quelques annees passees faict son apprentissage en la guerre en ? orresi ^ I L
vostre pais et s"estant resolu d"y poursuyvre la fortune, Nous folio 1603-1608.
vous Tavons bien voulu recomender, tant pour le bon et agre-
able service qu'il nous a faict que pour Popinion que nous
avons quMl se rendra digne, tant de nostre recomendation que
de la faveur que vous luy en ferez. Et pour ce vous prions
luy vouloir ottroyer une compagnie de cavallerie a la premiere
occasion quy se presentera. Ce quy nous sera fort agreable et
nous donnera occasion de vous complaire en semblable ou plus



186



WAR OF INDEPENDENCE



[1603



grand cas come nous somes et serons. Vostre tresaffectionne
amy et compere. Jaques R.

De nostre palais royal cTHampton, le xxiii e de Juillet
1603.

Captain Selby.

Messieurs et Comperes, — Nous ne doubtons point, que vous
n'ayez desia entendue la trahison machinee contre nostre per-
sonne, femme et enfantz, iusques a vouloir avoir entierement
exterminee nostre race par quelques noz desloyaux subiectz,
ausquels tant s'en faulte que nous ayons donnees cause, de
mescontentement, que nous les avions par nostre liberalite
obliger de nous estre tres-fidelz. Entre lesquelles le baron de
Gray a este des premiers. Et craignantz que la compagnie de
cavallerie, quil tenoit a vostre service, ne se dissipast a faulte
de capitaine, Nous avons resolu de vous envoyer ce gentilhome,
le capitaine Selby, du quel la fidelite et valeur nous estantz
assez esprouvees, nous asseurent qu'il sera bien receu pour ceste
nostre recomendation, pour suppleer la place d'un trahistre si
deloyal. Nous avons faict choix expres de luy come gentil-
home digne d'une telle charge, vous priantz estimer que ce
n'est pas la recomendation ou credit d'home vivant, mais seule-
ment ses qualitez dignes de coiiiander [sic] quy nous ont esmeuz
de vous Tenvoyer. II vous plaira donque Taccepter gratueuse-
ment pour Tamour de nous au lieu de celuy quy nest plus
home de bien et dans peu de jours ne sera plus, et vous confier
en ceste nostre election de laquelle nous esperons que vous
n'aurez jamais occasion de vous repentir de son service, ne nous
de Tavoir recomende. Ainsi nous asseurantz de vostre bon
affection en cest endroict, prions Dieu, Messieurs et comperes,
vous maintenir en sa Saincte et digne gard. Vostre tres affec-
tionne amy et compere, Jaques R.

De nostre palais royal d'Hampton, le premier d'Aoust
1603.

Recommendation of the heirs of Colonel H. Balfour.

(1603. Exhib. May x., 1603, by Mr. Deniston.)

Diplomatic g a Mai este demande qu'il plaise a Messeigneurs les Estatz

Correspon- J *■ r &

dence. generaulx de doner contentement aulx heretiers de feu le



1 604] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS AND PETITIONS 187

Collonnel Henri Balfour, de son service fait en Brabant ; suivant
les obligations et decomptes signees par leurs Seig ,es et leurs
depute's. Et en cas qu'ils ne vouldroyent recognostre ne satis-
faire a toute la dit debt, pour le moyns. lis sont obligez de
satisfaire pro rata; estanz alors unies avec les aultres estatz
de brabant. Ce que sa Ma t6 demande tant seulement. Sa
Ma t6 desire que Monsieur Daman, agent de messeig 3 les Estatz,
soit continue en sa charge aupres sa Mat 6 en Angleterre come
il estoit en Escosse.

1603, October 23. — In reference to the reports received from states-
Zeeland, Dordrecht, and Rotterdam, that between five and

six companies of Scotsmen had arrived belonging to the new
regiment of the Baron of Buccleuch, and that the remaining
companies are on the way, or may even already have arrived,
it is proposed . . .

November 24. — It is resolved that the newly arrived Scotsmen,
belonging to the companies of Captains Scalby, Murray, Spence,
and Brochtown, 1 be supported, and that the weapons and
travelling expenses of the same be paid, in the same manner
as in the case of the earlier arrived companies of the regiment
of Baron Buccleuch, who are supported and paid out of the
moneys from France, destined for that purpose.

1604, January 9. — 100 guilders in one payment assigned to
Andrew Hunter, minister of the Scottish regiment, for his
extra services, and the States-General wish it understood that
he is to allow himself to be employed in the service of both
Scottish regiments.

January 10. — Peter Stuart, 2 Scottish nobleman, on account
of certain considerations, is allowed thirty guilders ; with the
understanding that he do not apply again, but in future address
himself to the regiments of his nation, in order to be advanced
among them.

January 21. — At the request of Captain Walter Bruce, it
was found good to recommend to the Council of State that



1 Mentioned at siege of Ostend. Does not appear in any list. Probably
killed there.

2 He appears later as officer of artillery. See p. 211.



188



WAR OF INDEPENDENCE



[1604



their excellencies cause the 33 soldiers therein mentioned, of the
supplemental [?] company, stationed in Amersfort, to be paid
(being at present within the bounds of Ostend), and issue an
order that said men, being there, are to stay till the departure
of their said company from that place.

1604, February 3. — It was resolved that the Commissioner
Jan de Mist betake himself to Dordrecht, and there review
the Scotsmen recently arrived there, to register the same, and
examine whether there be any fraud or criminality among
them, approving of none except those qualified for the imme-
diate service of the Land. And the revision being accom-
plished, to bring them forthwith to the companies to which
they belong, and the places where these are in garrison ; and
thereafter to muster with great care the same companies, with
all the other companies stationed in the neighbourhood,
with the understanding that the States shall reserve to them-
selves the number in excess of the strength assigned to the
captains, in order to distribute them among the other com-
panies.

March 15. — Peter Stuart is once more granted the sum of
36 guilders — a third to be paid at once, a third in May, and
a third in July — to be paid by the Receiver-General.

March 16. — Jan de Mist is commissioned to go to Rotterdam
and review the Scottish recruits arrived there, and examine
thoroughly whether they are really fresh arrivals, and to dis-
charge incompetent soldiers.



Representation in favour of Lord Buccleuch by the Bi'itish
Ambassador.

(Dated March 2 (12) 1604. Exhib. Jan. xvi. 1604) l

Messieurs, — J'eusse desire, ce que Teusse pris pour tresgrand
heur, de pouvoir apporter a V. S ies les nouvelles agreables du
retour du General Vere. Car ie scay le contentement que est
Estat eust receu de retenir tousiours aupres de son service un
Seig r de sa qualite et merite. Mais ie ne suis nullement si



1 This letter initiates a controversy of long standing.



1604] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS AND PETITIONS 189

heureux, tant s'en fault que Taye charge de vous dire que
comme personne ne vous a servy plus fidellement que luy, ny
avec plus de soin et d'industrie, ainsi personne n'eust plus
volontiers que luy acheve le reste de ses iours en service de cest
Estat. Mais puis la police de vos affaires ne permette pas de
luy octroy er ses demand es et sans cet octroy de vouloir
reprendre sa charge, seroit d 1 abandonner la soin de sa reputa-
tion, qui vous recognoissiez qu il a gaignee par tant de travaux
et perte de son sang. II se deportera de vous importuner
d'avantage et se contentera du tesmoinage duquel il vous a
pleu de couronner son conge, que ce refus ne luy ait este fait
a faute de son merite, mais par des considerations importantes
qui concernent le repos et tranquillite du gouvernement de
cest Estat. Et comme ainsi soit que des son advenement au
service du pais, il a servy non moins heureusement, dont il
rend graces a Dieu, que avec une tresaffectueuse volonte, il prie
Mess rs a croire qu'avec sa charge il ne se despouillera pas de
tout soin de vos affaires ; ains comme son corps charnaille et
cicatrice au service de cet Estat, luy ramentovira iour et nuict
la vie passee, ainsi Thonneur qu'il a receu des Provinces Unies
demeurera tousiours engrave en son ame, la souvenance duquel
il menera et quant et luy, vive et fresche, iusques au tombeau,
avec ses meilleurs souhaitz pour la prosperite d'icelles.

Je m'assure, il n'y a pas un d'entre vous, Messieurs, qui ne
regrette le depart de Monsieur Vere ! Mais i'ay de quoy vous
consoler :

primo avulso non deficit alter

aureus, et simili frondescit verga metallo.

Voicy arrive, en ceste ville, le Seig r de Bouclough, mande de
par sa Ma te au service de cest Estat, duquel, parmy mille
Seig s Escossois elle a fait choix pour les belles parties requises
en un grand Commandeur, pour tesmoigner plus amplement
tant son soin pour la conservation de ces Provinces que son
desir que la prosperite d'icelles de iour a autre puisse estre
augmentee.

Ce seig r cy ne vient pas pour busquer fortune ; il a chez luy
de quoy manger sans prendre cette peine, et des estatz ausquelz
vacquer sans aller a la guerre ; et sMl y avait faute, ou de Tun ou



190 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1604

de Fautre, il ivy a nulle faute des bonnes graces du Roy son
Maistre ; qui ne manqueront iamais de recognoistre les merites
de ses dignes serviteurs. Mais apres avoir voyage et veu le
monde, et par tous beaux exercises, tant au fait des armes que
des autres estudes, s^st rendu habile pour le service de sa
patrie, scachant avec quelle affection sa Ma t6 embrasse
Faccroissem* de vos affaires, il s^st laisse persuader d'entre-
prendre ce service, pour y emploier son temps et despendre ses
moyens, voire son sang et sa vie. Cest pourquoy sa Ma t6 nva
commande de le presenter a V. S ies et les prier quand et quand
de sa part, qu'il soit receu en qualite de General de sa Nation,
en quelle qualite elle le mande et le recommande entre vos
mains. Les troupes auxquelles il aura a commander sont les
subiects de sa Ma te , ausquelz, affin qu'ilz scachent qu'ils ne sont
le plus esloignes de sa grace et souvenance, pour estre employes
au service de ses bons amys et alliez, elle envoye ce Commandeur
avec charge de les aguerrir en la discipline militaire. Charge
grande et pleine d'honneur mais fascheuse et chatilleuse, dont
mal aisement on s^acquittera, s'elle soit communiquee avec un
autre. En toutes charges, esquelles la vigilance et Findustrie
sont requises, quand on vient a cela, " nee mihi, nee tibi, sed
dividatur," tout va a Fabandon, on n'y prend point de soin, ou
s^il y en a quelque peu, ce lVest que par maniere d^cquit , en un
mot, tout n'est que nonchaloir et negligence. Ce qu'a induit
V. S ries depuis quelques annees en ca de faire un General des
troupes anglaises. Maintenant que FAngle rre et FEscosse sont
consolidees ensembles et que les troupes Escossoises sont accreues
au mesme nombre qn'alors se trouvoyent les angloises, s'il vous
plaira de faire cest honneur a la Nation Escossoise vous suivrez
Fexemple de Sa Ma t6 laquelle traicte avec pareille affection les
deux Royaumes, et monstrerez le contentement que vous
prennez de nostre heureuse union. Les demandes de ce Seig r
ne sont nullement inciviles, lesquelles n'esbranslent pas les
loix fondementales de vostre police, ny s'eniambent sur la
soverainete de Mess rs les Estats, ny derogent Fauthorite du
General en chef. II ne demande qu'avec le traitement du general
tant de pouvoir, pour s'acquitter le mieux de son devoir envers
le service de ces Provinces et de Sa Ma w . II vous supplie cYy
vouloir penser et resoudreau plus tost, ce que ie fais de la part



i604] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS AND PETITIONS 191

de sa Ma t6 qui m'a commande de recevoir et luy comuniquer la
resolution. Rodolphe Winwod.

faict le deuxieme de Mars, Stilo veteri.



March 23. — The Recorder is charged to intimate to the states-

Gcncrstl
Council of State, that they find it good that their excellencies

shall give commissions to the captains of the regiment of the

Lord of Buccleuch, and administer to them the Lands 1 oath ;

also that their excellencies shall likewise issue a commission

and administer the oath to the foresaid Lord of Buccleuch.

And as he will probahly object to this, because he pretends

to the generalship of the Scots, in the service of the Land,

that the States will, in that case, make known and advise how

to act.

Also it is found good, that the Council of State shall inves-
tigate whether or not there is one of the companies of the
regiment of the Lord of Buccleuch which desires to be incor-
porated in the regiment of Colonel Edmond. Because if that
is the case the company of Henderson on the other hand must
be put under the foresaid Buccleuch.

March 24. — Messrs. Santen and Hardebrouck, councillors
of State, compeared and reported the advice of the Council of
State (after previous conference with their excellencies).

On the motion of Councillor Winwoldt, in reference to the
Generalship of the Scots in the Lands' 1 service ; — that since His
Majesty of England recommends Lord Buccleuch ; and taking
into account the letters of the Count of Embden : after con-
sultation an understanding was come to, his excellency and
the Council, having well weighed and considered the motion
aforesaid, the States being on this point in agreement with
them, and it was resolved that the Councellor Winwoldt
aforesaid be instructed and shown here in the Assembly, that
the request embodied in the foresaid proposal is prejudicial to
the Government of the country ; and that therefore it could
not be agreed to without the previous notice, advice, and
resolution of the Provinces united together. Yet that in any
case there is reason to fear that it would lead to nothing
because of the precedent it would give to other nationalities



192 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1604

who in like manner would claim to have a general. And that
same claim was disputed in the case of the Lord General Vere
notwithstanding his true and long continued service to the
country, and besides it would be a source of many misunder-
standings arising in regard to the person of Colonel Edmond,
who has served the country faithfully for so many years. And
his excellency has been asked to make no further urgent
request for the said generalship, and try to persuade the Lord
Buccleuch to content himself with the regiment, like other
generals in the service of the country.

April 1. — Compeared Lieutenant-Colonel Henderson and
was questioned as to the present constitution of the Scotch
regiment under Baron Buccleuch. To which he replied, that
said regiment was very brisk, well armed, and in order for
active service.

He was then commissioned, so far as he could advance the
matter, to bring his own company into the regiment of the
foresaid Baron of Buccleuch ; and to bring another company
of that regiment into the regiment of Edmond. And there-
after with his brother, or some one else, to take measures to
promote friendship and ward off jealousy in the nation.

1604, April 5. — As regards the generalship over the soldiers
of the Scottish nation in the Lands' 1 service, His Majesty
recommends thereto the Baron of Buccleuch. Thereupon the
States, having consulted with the Council of State, and others
with whom it is usual to advise in such like matters of im-
portance, find that the said request of generalship is a novelty,
never previously put in practice, and that they could not consent
to it without making an opening for all the other nations
in the Lands 1 service to ask in like manner for a general. A
step which the deputies of the provinces being convened
would consequently not dare to take on their own responsi-
bility, but would have to lay the matter before their principals
in order to obtain their opinion and understand their good
pleasure, as is customary. To this the same deputies are
inclined to agree in so far as the Lord Appearer also approves,
and is expressly authorised to insist on the said request. But
that their Highnesses may well declare to his Honour, that they
see no probability of the introduction of the foresaid novelty,



1 604] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS AND PETITIONS 193

and therefore his Honour may beg the Baron of Buccleuch
to regulate himself so as in future to desist from seeking
said generalship, and accept his commission as colonel. The
Lord Appearer requested a written copy of the declaration,
for the purpose of informing His Majesty, who doubtless in
the matter will make a new urgent application, in view of the
fact that it touches the honour of the Lord Baron.

April. 16 — In the matter of the remonstrance of the Baron
of Buccleuch. In reference to the first point of the same, it
was agreed that the captains of the remonstrant's regiment
are to keep the soldiers raised and brought over by each of
said captains, as they were then found and passed in muster,
except in case they are supernumeraries, beyond the strength
appointed to the captains. Moreover they must be kept in
good order, armed, brought to, and used in the service.

But as regards the second point, touching the pay of the
superior officers of the regiments aforesaid, the States give it
to be understood that they will place on a similar footing the
pay of the superior officers of all the nations in the service of
these Lands. Therefore desiring that the remonstrant mean-
while will content himself with the knowledge, that the
superior officers of his regiment will be paid like the officers of
the old Scottish regiment.

July 1. — At the request of Mrs. Elizabeth Crichton, widow
of the late Captain Dallachy, it is agreed, that the Receiver-
General shall pay her her various pensions, on the understand-
ing that before the end of the current year she shall show
proper evidence of her children being in life, otherwise this
payment shall be postponed to be included in the pension of
the coming year.

Recommendation of Robert Gray.

(Receptum Aug. 2.)

1604, July 10 (O. S.). — Mes bons amis et tres-chers
comperes. — En vous saluant : sachez que ce gentilhomme le
porteur de ceste Robert Gray, Escossois, ayant passe son
temps par le monde en nostre service, Tespace de six ou
sept ans, pour a ceste fin de se rendre plus prompt et capable,
est maintenant desireux de suivre la guerre a ce qu'il ne luy

N



194 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1604

puise rien manquer propre pour un Gentilhomme de sa
qualite, et estant ainsi que nous, ne luy, ne trouvons autres
(aux services desquel il pourra mieux employer son temps
qu'aux nostres). A ce regard nous avons trouve bon de
Penvoyer devers vous, avec noz lettres de faveur et credit,
touchant ce point : Vous priant bien fort de Tavoir en tel
eso-ard pour Tamour de nous, comme a tel Gentilhomme de
son rang appartient, et de luy faire avoir le commandement
d'une de noz compagnies de gens de pied. Dont nous esperons
qu'il vous fera bien bon service et aggreable, et qu'il ne faudra
de meriter par ses vertuz et diligences bien mieux que ne voulons
signifier. Et comme ne doubtant que voulez accomplir nostre
demande, vous commandant au bon succes de Timportance de
noz grandes affaires, Demeurons tousiours Vostre bien bon amy
et compere, Jaques R.

De nostre court de Greinwich, ce 10 Juillet.

Recommendation of Laurence Sinclair.

To the Council of State. (Receptum Aug. 2.)

1604, July 17. — My Lords, — I had lately occasion to speak
with His Majesty, and he desired me to recommend to your
lordships the bearer of this, Laurence Sinclair, at one time
lieutenant under Captain John More, in the regiment of
Colonel Buccleuch. The said captain died lately at Ostend,
where also the lieutenant then was, and had been there for
thirty weeks. He was wounded several times, and therefore all
the more deserves to succeed his captain ; in whose place His
Majesty desires that he may be appointed, he being in other
respects, as I understand, a nobleman of ability, and belonging
to a very good house. Moreover his ancestors, in other days,
rendered valuable services to the country, therefore I hope
your lordships will accept this recommendation in considera-
tion of the fact that His Majesty made it by word of mouth,
and that it is the sole object of this letter. Ever praying God
to grant that your lordships may continue in long and pro-
sperous government,

Noel de Caron.

From St. Lambeth, the 17 July 1604. Old Style.



1604] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS AND PETITIONS 195

August 11. — On the request of the widow and orphans of Resolutions
the late Captain Robert Barclay, Scotsman, it was resolved ° f stat ® B
to place the matter in the hands of the clerks, for the purpose
of going over her accounts, and examining whether any mis-
take has been made.

October 20. — At the request of John Boyd, ensign of the
company of Captain John Spence, their High Mightinesses
the States have, on account of certain important considera-
tions, and his long continued services (he having been maimed
in both arms in the country's service before Zutphen and
in Ostend), agreed that at his departure from the country, he
shall be granted in all two hundred guilders, in full satisfac-
tion of all his services, on the understanding that the Council
of State, in order not to cause any difficulty thereby to the
country, is to write to the foresaid Captain Spence to keep the
place of ensign open till the middle of March next, or until
the matter shall be properly disposed of.

October 21. — To write to their lordships of the states of
Utrecht, and make request to the same, that they pay Cap-
tain Caddel the sum of nine hundred and ninety-nine guilders
two shillings vd., the balance due to him at the liquidation
made of his current pay at the time he was on duty on the
repartition of the states of Utrecht.

October 29. — To furnish to the seven Scottish companies of
Colonel Buccleuch, arrived from Ostend, one month's pay,
according to their strength at the last muster since their
arrival from Ostend, with deduction of one-sixth part.

November 29. — Received from the deputies of the states of
Utrecht a letter, of 23rd October, wherein they excuse them-
selves as yet from paying the £996 ll sh , being the balance
due to Captain Caddel for the current service of his company
during the time it is alleged he was on duty on the repartition
of the states of Utrecht, which they deny.

It is resolved, that notwithstanding said excuse, the deputies
of Utrecht be again requested to pay the sum aforesaid, as
during that time it appeared that the Council of State placed
the company aforesaid at the charge of the States of Utrecht,
as against other burdens which their Highnesses laid on the
other provinces.



196 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1604

Captain Archibald Er shine's Cavalry Company.

December 20. — Captain Archibald Ariskey [Erskine] being
present, accompanied by Captain Aresky [Erskine] and Esaias
Chastelain, the States represented to the said Captain Archi-
bald, the difficulties he would have to encounter in the formation
of a company of cavalry cuirassiers, which he begged to be
allowed to form ; not only in regard to the great expenses
which he would necessarily incur (amounting to about 30,000
guilders), but particularly from the scarcity of well-trained
horses, which he would hardly be able to get in this country
of such weight and height as they ought to be, according to
the Land's order, likewise owing to the scarcity of cavalry
soldiers of his nation qualified and well-armed according to
the government order. He should therefore reflect on the pro-
ject lest he be thereby brought to ruin, and come out of it with
diminished reputation, which the States would be sorry for.

But since the said captain (notwithstanding all the 'foresaid
difficulties brought under his notice, and several other friendly
exhortations, to divert him from his purpose, he being at last
told, that should he not have said company of cavalry fully
equipped, they being qualified horse soldiers of his nation,
well armed and provided with trained horses, according to the
Land's order, between this and the first of March next, new
style, that the company would not be received into the service)
persisted in his intention, and requested to be allowed to form
the company. The said States (in consideration and out of
regard to the name and friendship of the said Ariskey, and
not looking to the fact that having undertaken to bring the
foresaid Company into the service of the Land, on the tenth
of August last, he brought over during the first half of Decem-
ber, between seventy and eighty men, with only one horse fit for
service) consented, and granted to the said Captain Archibald



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