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representation in the name of them all, that now after such
long patience and miserable support they may be comforted
and their arrears paid ; a duty which (in order to avoid more
confusion) I neither could nor would neglect. And therefore
having expressed on their behalf my sentiments regarding
these matters, I pray most humbly, and entreat your High
Mightinesses to make ample provision, so that the said soldiers
be paid their arrears, and that no further delay occur, and also
that all serious tumults and misfortunes (evidently to be expected
otherwise) may be prevented. Therefore trusting entirely to
your High Mightinesses for ample provision against further
troubles, and for satisfying the soldiers, I pray the Almighty,
etc. — Your High Mightinesses most ready and obedient
(Signed) Diederech Vijgh, Lord of Soelen

Sheriff' in Nederbetuwe, Commander of
the Garrison in Tiel.
At Tiel, the 18 April 1611, old style.

To the Council of State. (May 6, 1611.)

We, the undersigned Aldermen of the city of Tiel, hereby
declare, that yesterday being the 5th day of May 1611, new
style, Francois Doublet, army paymaster, brought the officers

1 See p. 71.



i6ii] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS AND REPORTS 247

and common soldiers of the company of Captain Forbes into
the church in the foresaid city, having been ordered and
commissioned to do so by your Lordships, Councillors of
State ; and they were asked in our presence how they stood
with their captain, with respect to the payment of their
services, and what amount of arrears was due to them by
their captain. After the said questions were put by the
paymaster two distinct times, the people declared unanimously
that the said captain on the day previous to the paymaster's
arrival, being the 20th May, had paid the arrears of the
company (sixteen or eighteen men excepted) wholly and in
full up to the 6th of May inclusive, that he (the captain) was
not able to pay the remainder of the unpaid soldiers, owing to
the shortness of time, but he promised in our presence to do so
to-day. At which the whole company, particularly those who
had not yet received their money, were satisfied ; that the
captain had also satisfied the widow of Reynier Gijsberts, who
had long supplied the said soldiers with victuals, paying her
800 guilders in cash, and having assigned the balance to be
paid her in Friesland.

We have signed this declaration at Tiel, this 6th May 1611.
M. Vd Buchell. Both van der Eem.

The Council of War at Zwolle to the Council of State.
(June 27, 1611).

The citation which your Lordships have been pleased to draw
up at the request of the quartermaster, David Arskyn, dated
the 17th June last, new style, was delivered to us on the 17th of
the same month, old style ; and from it we have learned that
the quartermaster's servant, named Robert Hardy, though
innocent, was before this accused and placed under apprehension
for stealing certain linen from the Commissary Bloemendaal.

Item. — That the said Robert Hardie, after long imprisonment
and accusation, was on the 19th February 1609, when nobody
had any thing to say against him, acquitted by us, and ordered
to be sent out of prison, he being also condemned to pay the
costs of the imprisonments, though we ought properly to have
condemned the said Commissary in them.



248 THE TWELVE YEARS' TRUCE [1611

Item. — That on account of these costs, the said Robert must
have remained under apprehension, he having no means to pay
them.

Item. — That the influential provost, Herman Westmeyer,
brought an action against the quartermaster before us, and
pled on Robert's behalf to have the cost of his imprisonment
paid by said quartermaster.

Item. — That finally, proceedings went so far, that by mis-
take, on the 7th of March last, we by our sentence condemned the
petitioner to pay the costs of the imprisonment of the foresaid
Robert ; from which sentence the quartermaster appealed to
your Lordships, and thereupon you charged us, in as far as this
business concerns us, to appear before you at the Hague, or to
send our commissioners. And even if this matter does not
concern us, seeing we have administered justice (as we were
bound to do) ; yet we could not neglect, in obedience to your
Lordships, to answer the citation, not in any such way as to
make ourselves parties in this business, but only that you may
acquire a just knowledge of the facts of the case, which are as
follows :

The Commissary Bloemendaal did not cause the said Robert
to be apprehended and put in prison, also did not accuse him,
as the quartermaster too liberally intimated to your lordships.
But the procedure in the case was such as is to be gathered
from the precognition and the extract from this Council of War
protocol, both dated 7th June 1609, of which we here enclose
copies.

Further. It is true that the late bailiff of Salandt, who at
the time was at the Hague, conferred at length about this
imprisonment case, with some of your peers. On that occasion
(as the bailiff frequently related) they expressed themselves as
very thankful that his Lordship was keeping such good order
here, and begged that henceforward he would continue to
punish all other inconveniences and petulances that might
occur, and that troopers or soldiers here might set agoing.
And when the late bailiff informed your lordships that Robert
had no way of paying his board, it pleased you to permit the
bailiff and provost to allow said board (to wit, six stuivers
daily till the 19th January, that is, to the day of Robert's



i6n] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS AND REPORTS 249

release) to be included in the justiciary expenses, and the said
money was immediately delivered ta the provost by the bailiff
coming at that time from the Hague. And whereas no appre-
hension was asked for by Bloemendaal, nor was any accusation
made by him (as will appear from the foresaid documents), we
had no reasons to condemn him to pay the costs. It is also
to be noted particularly, that while all this was going on,
the quartermaster, whose imprisoned servant was declared free
on the 19th January 1609, ought to have let him go and remain
free, and not have commanded him anew to remain under the
charge of the provost (as will appear from testimony of wit-
nesses produced, of Philip Edgar, of the prisoner himself,
Robert Hardie, and of two servants from Zwolle). But the
quartermaster did not trouble himself about this, wherefore he
ought to blame himself and nobody else, and in reference to
this should not be of opinion that we made a mistake in our
judgment given on the 7th March, seeing that what was then
done took place after full deliberation and mature consulta-
tion, in the presence of fifteen military officers standing there,
who had been fully admonished on oath to act rightly in the
matter. Also it is to be noted that the quai'termaster carried
through a suit before the magistrate of Zwolle regarding this
matter, against the said Commissary Bloemendaal, but with
what result we do not know. Perhaps if it had gone well
with him there, he would not have come to trouble your High
Mightinesses. And as far as we can make out, the quarter-
master is doing it solely to give annoyance to the provost,
which, with submission, we could not withhold from your
lordships. Herewith we humbly pray the Almighty to pre-
serve you long in health, under the peaceable rule of salvation.

J. G. Texgxaegel, V*.

Dated Zwolle, this twenty-seventh June, Anno sixteen hun-
dred and eleven, old style.



250 THE TWELVE YEARS' TRUCE [1611



III



EXTRACTS RELATING TO THE SERVICES AND
CLAIMS OF SIR WILLIAM BALFOUR AND
CAPTAIN HENRY BALFOUR. 1

1611-1615

To their High Mightinesses the States-General of the
United Netherlands.
Sir Henry Balfour humbly and with due reverence hereby
showeth, that he has now served your Highnesses and
the Provinces during twelve years as captain, in which
capacity (without boasting) he hopes that he conducted
himself as becomes a nobleman, on all occasions which
presented themselves in your service. And since the office of
lieutenant-colonel in the regiment of Colonel Brock is at
present vacant, the petitioner begs to submit that he has
favourable recommendations from His Majesty of Great
Britain, directed to Lord Wynwout, His Majesty's Ambassador
here, claiming your Highnesses"' intervention in order that it
may please your Highnesses to grant the office of lieutenant-
colonel to the petitioner, in consideration of the foregoing, to
which he begs to refer as giving your Highnesses information
of the request of the petitioner, and of His Majesty's particular
desire in his favour for his promotion. Moreover, with the
same view, the petitioner has also obtained the written recom-
mendation of Ambassador Carron — here annexed. It is there-
fore the petitioner's humble and most respectful prayer, that it
may please your Highnesses out of regard to His Majesty
aforesaid, and for consideration of the petitioner's long and
faithful services, to do him the honour and favour of preferring
him before others, and graciously to bestow on him, the fore-
said command of lieutenant-colonel, etc.

1 Sir Henry Balfour, see p. 61. Sir William Balfour, see p. 69.






i6ii] SIR WILLIAM BALFOUR'S CLAIMS 251

Messieurs, — J'ay charge de la part de sa Ma t6 de la grande
Brettagne de recommander a V« S ries les pretensions du
suppliant ; ce que ie fais tres affectueusement, suppliant Vs
S es sur les raisons alleguees en cette requeste et les recommen-
dations de Sa Ma t6 de luy accorder sa demande en recompense
de ses bons et fideles services. Rodolphe Winwood. 1

Letter from the Dutch Ambassador, Noel de Car on.
To their High Mightinesses the States-General.

My Lords, — His Highness the Prince of Great Britain has
sent Sir David Murray, first Lord of his bedchamber to me,
with the request that on his behalf I would recommend to you
Sir William Balfour, the bearer of this, one of His Majesty's
Privy Councillors. His request is (and he claims to be one of
the oldest captains in the regiment of the late Colonel
Sutton, 2 in whose place Colonel Brog is now appointed) that he
shall get the post of lieutenant-colonel, as that post has been
long vacant, and he hopes that his appointment will be agree-
able to the said Colonel Brog, and that in other respects he
may thereby be able to render better and more acceptable
service to the Land. This is all that I know about this request,
and the said Sir William has intimated as much to you confi-
dentially. I therefore wish, should your High Mightinesses
resolve to fill said post, that this nobleman be preferred before
others, Noel de Caron.

From South Lambeth, the 8th July, 1611 (old style).

1613, June 3. — On the request of Captain Henry Balfour,
praying to be appointed as lieutenant-colonel in the regiment
of Colonel Brogh. Taking into view the strong recommenda-
tion of the Electoral Princess Palatine, written from Arnhem in
a missive of the 18th ult. to the Advocate of Holland, it was
resolved that their High Mightinesses give favourable consider-
ation to said recommendation, so soon as they shall proceed to
the disposal of that and other military appointments.

1 Henry Balfour refers to a letter of recommendation of the Dutch
Ambassador wherein William Balfour is recommended. As William and Henry
were both in the service of the States, their names were probably confounded,
and Caron intended to recommend Henry. See also the Resolutions of the
States-General. Winwood wrote the French lines on the request.
2 This is a mistake, Brog succeeded Edmond.



£52 THE TWELVE YEARS' TRUCE [1613

June 13. — Upon the request of Captain William Balfour, the
eldest, and at that date, only son of the late Henry Balfour,
formerly colonel of a regiment of Scotsmen, in the service of
these lands, praying for payment of his late father's arrears
for services.

After deliberation it was agreed and declared, that the
petitioner in respect of the good services of his late father, and
the recommendation of the King of Great Britain, shall be
held as recommended when occasion offers. But as regards the
foresaid request of payment for his father's services in Brabant
and Flanders, being outside the United Provinces, their High-
nesses cannot enter on that matter.

June 18. — Upon the request of Sir William Balfour, as sole
heir of the late Captain David Cant, for the payment of the
said captain's services, it was resolved that this request be
placed in the hands of the Clerk of the Treasury, that their
Highnesses may be advised concerning the situation of the
matters therein related.

June 26. — The Clerk of Court gave in a statement of
arrears due for services rendered to the Lands by the late
Captain David Cant with his company, from 1st September
1585 to 17th April 1592, giving the amount according to the
two existing settlements of accounts, as 21343 pounds, 11
shillings, whereof Captain William Balfour, as heir of the
said deceased Cant, requests payment. Hereupon, after con-
sultation, and having regard to the strong recommendation of
Her Highness the Electoral Princess Palatine in favour of the
above mentioned Balfour, it was agreed that, without satisfy-
ing all his claims (the services of Colonel Balfour in Brabant
among them), he is to be gratified with a pension of 400
guilders yearly, to be paid him until he be invested with the
lieutenantship [i.e. lieutenant-colonelcy] of Colonel Brogh, or
otherwise advanced, always providing he shall first prove that
he is the heir of the late above mentioned Captain Cant.

September 10. — The request of Captain Henry Balfour
was read, praying that in regard to the recommendation of
the Electoral Princess Palatine regarding him, their Highnesses
should provisionally allow him to increase his company to one
hundred and ninety or one hundred and eighty heads. But



i6i5] SIR WILLIAM BALFOUR'S CLAIMS 253

on that matter decision was postponed till after the revisal or
reading of the minutes of the State of War.

August 26. — Two requests were read — the one from John
Gordon, 1 and the other from Henry Balfour — praying to be
appointed to the post of sergeant-major in the regiment of
Colonel Brog, or that of lieutenant-colonel in the same regi-
ment. But in the meantime decision thereon was postponed.

1615, January 19. — A letter was received and read from Resolutions

the King of Great Britain, dated October 25th last, from the ° f stat ? s "
& ' ' General.

Court at Royston, and written on behalf of Sir William
Balfour, eldest and only surviving son of the late Sir Henry
Balfour, formerly colonel of a regiment of Scots in the ser-
vice of the Lands, and heir along with his two nephews 2 (for
whom he holds power of attorney 3 ) of the late Captain Cant,
deceased ; that payment may be granted him of arrears for
services rendered to the Lands by the said late Captain Cant.

After consultation, it was resolved to put the above men-
tioned missive, with the accompanying request of the said Sir
William Balfour, and the accounts of the late Cant aforesaid,
into the hands of the Clerk of Court for revisal, and to note
whether any alterations have occurred in them, or any part of
them has been paid ; further, to ascertain what still remains
due to the said late Captain Cant for his services since the
accounts were made up, and of all this fully to inform their
Highnesses privately.

January 25. — The report of the Clerk of Court was given
in on the claims of Sir William Balfour as heir of the late
Captain Cant, in regard to the arrears for service of the said
captain, both these of which an account was drawn up, and
those for services subsequently rendered. And as the said Sir
William Balfour appears to be carrying on negotiations with
Witschart, cavalry-captain, with a view to his taking over
Witsarfs company of horse, and in return paying him said
arrears, it was proposed on the part of the States-General to
promise to said Witssaert and his wife, as a full settlement of
the aforesaid arrears, a pension of 500 or at the most 600

1 John Gordon's company had been dismissed in 1609. It does not appear
whether this was or was not the same man.

3 The word may equally mean cousins or nephews. 2 Procuration.



254 THE TWELVE YEARS' TRUCE [1615

guilders yearly during the lifetime of the said Witssaert and
of his wife. And it was agreed that the Advocate of Holland
shall arrange matters with the parties, and find what their
opinion is.

February 19. — On the petition of Sir William Balfour,
asking for payment of account for services rendered to the
country by the late Captain Cant, his uncle, up to his death ;
also of the services rendered by his late father as colonel,
amounting to a sum of about £M)f)00, according to docu-
ments and bonds thereanent in possession of the petitioner,
it was resolved and agreed, on account of several important
considerations, that the Clerk of Court shall interview the
petitioner and treat with him for full settlement of all his
claims, with respect both to the services of his father aforesaid
and of the late Captain Cant, and in lieu of the same shall offer
him an annual pension, to continue during the lifetime of said
petitioner, of 600 guilders, and a cash sum of 1000 guilders,
on condition that in return he shall bind himself to receipt in
full, and hand over the said account and the old bonds of his
father in his possession, and drawn up in the usual form on the
States-General.

March 3. — The Clerk of Court reported that he made to
Captain Balfour their Highnesses offer, for the full settlement
of all his claims both in respect of the services of his late father,
whose bonds he is in possession of, and of Captain Cant, his
uncle, to whom he is heir, amounting in all to more than
62,000 guilders, but that the said Captain Balfour would not
be satisfied with this offer, but desires to have, in addition to
the pension of 600 guilders annually, a further cash sum of
,£3000, and that the pay of his uncle of 1000 guilders per
annum be settled on him for life. Whereupon, after delibera-
tion, it was resolved to adhere to the offer of the pension
of 600 guilders annually, but to increase the offer of
a cash sum of 1000 guilders to 2000, of which sum 1000
guilders are to be paid at once, and the remaining 1000
guilders within a year, always providing that he shall show
that he is sole heir of the said Cant, his uncle ; and in case said
Captain Balfour does not accept this offer, negotiations with
him are to be stopped.



1615] SIR WILLIAM BALFOUR'S CLAIMS 255

1615, April 7. — The Clerk of Court reported that Captain
Balfour has accepted the offer, which, their Highnesses allowed
him to make, in settlement of all his claims as heir of the late
Captain Cant, and of his father, the late Colonel Balfour, for
services rendered by them both in Brabant and Flanders and
in this country, none of these services excepted ; and the
accounts and bonds for the same he is willing to give up, he
receiving a pension of 600 guilders annually and a cash sum of
2000 guilders, of which 1000 to be paid immediately, and the
remaining 1000 guilders within the next year, and making the
one proviso that the pension be settled on his life and the life
of his son. This having been deliberated on, it was agreed to
give the said captain the choice either to have the pension
settled on his own life or on the life of his son ; or else the one
half of it on his own life and the other half on the life of his
son, on condition that he shall take the responsibility of sub-
sequent recriminations, if any others should come forward and
claim to be joint heirs of the said Captains Cant or Balfour,
namely those for whom he has declared he holds power of
attorney ; the said pension to begin from the day when the
offer was made to him.

April 23. — In the matter of the petition of Captain Sir
William Balfour, it was agreed that the pension of i?600
per annum voted to him, half on his life and half on the life of
his son, William Balfour, be settled only on the life of his said
son, William Balfour.



256



THE TWELVE YEARS 1 TRUCE



[1611



IV



EXTRACTS RELATING TO THE SERVICES AND
CLAIMS OF COLONEL LORD BUCCLEUCH AND
HIS SON THE FIRST EARL OF BUCCLEUCH.

1611-1620

1611, May 21. — In reference to the statement of arrears of
the superior officers of the regiment of Colonel Buccleuch,
communicated by the Receiver-General, by desire of the
States-General, it was agreed that the Receiver-General pay the
officers, viz., Lieutenant [Colonel] Henderson, Quartermaster
Blair, Sergeant-Maj or Forbes, and the Provost of the regiment,
their arrears of pay for last year 1609 up to 31st December
last inclusive.



Haultz et puissants Seigneurs, noz bons Amis et Con-
federes, — II n'y a longtemps que nous avons escript en faveur
du Sieur Baron de Bucklugh, vous ayant represente ses occasions
et nfe desir de se pouvoir absenter pour quelque temps de la
charge qu'il tient chez vous pour nous servir de luy aux affaires
de nfe Royaulme d'Escosse. Lesquelles occasions comme elles
s'accroissent de plus en plus, le mesme desir nous pousse aussy
pour vous reiterer noz premieres instances et vous prie qu'avec
vfe permission et gre, il y puisse faire plus grand seiour sans
encourir prejudice en sa charge et ce qui en depend. Et cepen-
dant sur la moindre occasion qui se presentera et a la premiere
semonce que luy en ferez, nous ne fauldrons de le renvoyer
quant et quant, pour se ranger promptement a vfe service.
A laquelle nfe requeste nous avons a adiouster aussy que le
vueilliez traicter gracieusement en matiere de son traictement
pour le temps passe, afin qu'il puisse trouver en effect que
nfe premiere intercession qu'avons faict pour luy, ne luy sera
este inutile, come nous avous comande nre Ambassadeur
aupres de vous, de vous en faire instance plus particulere.



i6n] CLAIMS OF LORD BUCCLEUCH 257

Nous nous confions que pour le regard de nfe service ne ferez
difficulte de nous attribuer ceste requeste, et serons prestz de
le recognoistre quant Toccasion nous sera offerte. Vfe tres
affectione Amy

De nfe Palais de Westminstre, ce 24 e jour d'Avril 1611.

Jacques R.

May 25. — Lord Winwood, Ambassador of the King of Great Resolutions
Britain, was present at the meeting, and presented a letter General '
from His Majesty, dated the 24th April last at Westminster,
in favour of the Baron Buccleuch, to the end that the king
might still for a time be permitted to employ him in Scotland
in His Majesty's service without prejudice to his commission
here, and all pertaining thereto. Requesting that he be treated
graciously as to his pay for the time, His Majesty having em-
powered the above mentioned lord as his deputy to make a
point of this, after which his Excellency made and delivered in
writing the following proposals.

Voz Seig ies entendent par les lettres du Roy mon Maistre
de quelle affection sa Ma t6 desire que l'absence de Mons r le Baron
de Bouclough, laquelle toutesfois n'est pas advenue sans vostre
licence et permission, puisse estre excusee ; et pour quelque peu
de temps davantage, soubs votre bon plaisir encore prorogee,
ce que Sa Ma t6 ne demande pas a Tinstance dud. Sieur de
Boucloughe, ny pour quelque bien quMl en tirera, ains pour le
respect particulier de son service ; scachant par Texperience
qifil a eue de sa suffisance que sa presence en Escosse, moyen-
nant que cela puisse estre, sans prejudice a voz affayres, y sera
fort necessayre pour le reglement de la polyce, laquelle pour
estre bien establie, requiert Tauthorite des Seig rs du pais, qui
sont non seulement estimez pour leur qualite, mais reverez
encores pour leur prudence et preudhommie. Cest la privaute
que sa Ma t6 use envers vous, de se servir de vos serviteurs,
laquelle liberte vous pourrez prendre hardiment en son endroict
de vous servir des siens pour le bien et advancement de voz
affayres. L'instance que sa Ma t6 faict, que tant pour le passe
que pour le venyr, durant son absence, le traictement qui luy
appartient en quallite de Collonel, ne soyt pas retranche, puis-
qu'il n'a este absent que par permission de voz Seig nes . Cest

E



258 THE TWELVE YEARS 1 TRUCE [1611

pour monstrer le soing qu'elle a que le Sieur de Bouclough,
employe en son service, ne recoyve point de dommage, non pas
qu'elle doubte que voz octroys, en lieu de graces, soyent con-
vertis en mulctes et amendes : Quod in gratiam est concessum,
in odium non debet detorqueri. La faveur qu'il vous plairez



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