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do agree by these presents to this Act of Expectancy (' Acte

1 i.e. that the colonelcy of the new regiment should be given him.

2 This apparently refers to a money settlement.

3 It will be seen that when the colonelcy of his father's regiment fell vacant,
by Sir Robert Henderson's death at Bergen-op-Zoom, it was given, not to the
earl, but to Sir Francis Henderson, the next in command, the reason probably
being the critical condition of military affairs, and the necessity for appointing
an officer of experience. It was not till 1629, when the States reorganised their
Scottish troops in three instead of two regiments, that the earl received a com-
mand, being then appointed to the new regiment. As to his services, see Sir
William Fraser's Scott s of Buccleuch, vol. i. p. 253.


Expectatif '), to wit, that his lordship shall have conferred on
him by their High Mightinesses the first colonelcy that shall
fall vacant among the troops of the Scottish nation, here in the
Land on military duty and service.

Or if, before a vacancy occur, a new Scottish regiment be
raised, such levy shall be made by his lordship's person — all
without guile.

Drawn up at a meeting of their said High Mightinesses, the
States-General, under their seal, signed, and the signature of
the Lord Recorder, on the 14th day of the month July, in the
year 1620.

The Earl of BuccleucKs letter of thanks. (July 16.)
Haults et puissants Seigneurs, — La favorable resolution
de voz Seigneuries, touchant mon affaire sur la recommanda-
tion de Sa Ma t6 nTa donne Toccasion et la hardiesse de vous
addresser ceste lettre icy. Le contenu est seulement de vous
rendre graces en toute humilite pour la faveur qu'il a pleu a
Voz Seigneuries monstrer en mon endroict et vous resoudre 1
que je suis content d'accepter et embracer la susd e resolution
avec les conditions y comprinses. Suppliant cependant tres
humblement Voz Seig ries de vouloir donner vfe Acte la dessus,
par quel moyen voz Seig ries couppants chemin a tous aultres se
depescheront de leur importunite et me encourageront de pour-
suivre alargiement la dessus de Fenvie que j'ay tousjours eu de
vous servir. Car ce n'este pas Tavarice qui m"a pousse a cecy,
mais seulement (come j'ay tantost diet) Paffection que ie porte
au service de voz Seigneuries et le desir que j'ay d'estre employe
en quelque chose honorable en la guerre. Ce n'est pas ma
faulte que voz Seigneuries n'ayent entendu de moy, il y a
longtemps, car je n'ay jamais receu advertissement de vostre
resolution, que depuis ces quinze jours ; aultrement j'eusse este
narri 2 d'avoir differe sy longtemps de donner a voz Seig ies
notice de mon intention. A raison de quoy plaist a voz
Seigneuries de m'excuser, ainsy laissant de vous importuner
d'avantage pourcest fois icy, mais vous baisanttres humblement
les mains, je demeure de vos Seigneuries le tres humble et tres
loyall serviteur (et estoit soubzsigne) Bukileughe.

De ma maison le 29 e du May 1620.

1 Repondre (?) - Marri (?)





Letters and
Requests to
the Council
of State.

Letter of King James i.

Recommendation of' Thomas Cumyn, student of theology.

(Dat. March 11, 1612. Rec. Octob. 24, 1613.)
Haults et puissants Seigneurs noz bons amys et alliez, —
Ce pauvre Gentilhome Thomas Cumyn, filz du feu Guillaume
Cumyn, Lieutenant cPune compagnie de gens de cheval, lequel
a este tue en vostre service, ayant luy aussy en sa premiere
ieunesse suivy les armes, s'est depuis peu adonne aux estudes
et princip* de la Theologie, en laquelle il a si bien employe le
temps qiVil desire sur toutes choses poursuivre si heureux
comencements en cas qu'il y soit encourage par suff'editation de
moyens a ce convenables. Or d'autant qu'il a este ne soubz vre
obeissance bien que des parens Escossais et comence ses estudes
en voz pais, ou il desire les continuer, nous avons a sa tres
humble requeste trouve bon le vous recomander et vous prier
que le vueillez fournir de quelque appointement qui le puisse
encourager a Tachevement de ses estudes, a ce qu'il se rende
capable de servir vre Estat ou il aura este esleve, et FEglise de
Dieu y establie. — Vre bien bon amy, Jaques R.

Escript a Thetford, le xi e . jour de Mars 1612.

Provincial States of Utrecht to the Council of State.
(April 9, 1612.)
My Lords, — In reference to the matter made known to us
by Alexander Wishart, Captain of the Cavalry Company here
in garrison, regarding which he complained, and made a re-
quest to us, your Honours will learn the particulars thereof
from the annexed document. And since we consider his
request reasonable and to the interest of the Provinces, and


particularly serviceable to this place, we could not refuse to
recommend his request to the consideration of your Lordships,
since otherwise the authority of the magistracy and of the
commanders and officers of the army would be brought into
utter contempt, and might cause serious detriment to the
Provinces. — Herewith, etc., the Deputies of the States of the
Province of Utrecht.

At Utrecht, the 9th April 1612.

To their Lordships the Deputies of the three
Provincial States of Utrecht.

Alexander Wishart, Captain of a Cavalry Company, in the
service of the States- General of the United Netherlands, begs
with all due reverence to offer the following remonstrance. That
he, the remonstrant, never gave any one belonging to his
company the slightest reason to revolt against his Excellency, or
take part in any plot or unlawful gathering. Although a good
number of them lately chose to hold a meeting in this city, in
a certain yard near the Green Horse Belt. The one summoning
the other there, and forming a plot of this nature, that a cer-
tain number of them had their opinions and claims set down
in a written document which they signed, as will appear from
the enclosed copy of their request. And since the same has a
taste of sedition and disobedience, and also was entered on
without notice to their Lordships, the Governor, the Com-
misary Lemm, or any of their lawful superiors, and as they did
not pursue their claim by way of remonstrance ; and such in-
subordination being not only injurious to this city and garrison,
but also to this company, besides being of disadvantage to the
Provinces. Therefore he, the remonstrant, would like to dis-
charge some of the ringleaders from his company. But he
would prefer to do so, with the cognisance and previous know-
ledge of their Lordships, the Councillors of State. Therefore
he humbly begs your Lordships will be pleased to grant him
your favourable recommendation to said Councillors of State,
in order that his Excellency may be permitted to dismiss six
or seven individuals, and at once receive an equal number in
their place, etc.


To the Governor and Council of War in Utrecht.

We the undersigned, all of us troopers of the Company of
Alexander Wishart, humbly pray that your Lordship, the
Governor and the Council of War will be pleased to pardon
the liberty we have taken in approaching you with our claims,
as set forth in the request we have signed. It happened
through our ignorance, and we are heartily sorry to have given
occasion to my Lord Governor and Council of War to be
incensed at our conduct ; sorry likewise that we revolted
against our captain. In all this we petition you graciously to
pardon us. By doing so, etc.

Signed by twenty-two both in marks and names, and presented
in the Council of War on the 28th March 1612.

Signed after comparison with his private copy, and presented
at the time above mentioned. This copy is found therewith to
agree, by me, the Magistrate, (signed) D. Van Leeuwen.

Companies of Captains Douglas and Balfour.

To My Lords the Council of State. (April 25, 1612.)

May it please your Lordships to receive the rolls, which I
herewith forward to you, of the musters by me carried out, of
the company of Captain Douglas (leaving for Grave) and like-
wise of the company of Captain Balfour — exchanged 1 by the
Commissary Corens ; both being fine bodies of men, but armed
after the manner of their nation, contrary to the resolution
passed some time ago by your Lordships, regarding the arming
of the soldiers. Moreover, I find daily that with increasing
frequency the captains grant leave to the majority of their
soldiers to go out and work far and near ; yea, many remain
absent from their respective garrisons during the night,
making provision for their watches (so they say), which, if it
happened to a small number, it might, I think, in present cir-
cumstances, be tolerated for a time, so that they may — living

1 Exchanged by Commissary Corens. Perhaps, by alternation with Conu
missary Corens, i.e. taking my alternate turn of mustering it. Literally it is,
by Commissary Corens brought in exchange, alternation. — Translator's Note.


being so dear in the district — better support themselves in the
service. But since it has gone beyond all bounds, and takes
place without any order, particularly during the daytime,
whereby posts are left almost deserted, as your Lordships may
observe from the enclosed list of the review held by me in the
afternoon at Ysendyck, as a matter of duty, I cannot refrain
from acquainting your Lordships with this, that you may give
due attention to it. And that your Lordships be the more
certain of what has been said I shall detail the circumstances
of the said review, or in case any captain should complain of
being circumvented or improperly taken by surprise. At the
muster in the St. Cataleynen redoubt on the 20th inst., in
order to keep the surrounding garrisons at their posts, I at the
same time advised the commandant in Ysendyck of the musters
in such a manner that Captain W. Wabbe (then in command
in the absence of Mons r d'Hautheyn) received my letter in good
time, as he acknowledges, between 10 and 11 o'clock forenoon,
shortly after which I arrived and commenced by reviewing the
company of Captain Balfour in the Jouffrouwen redoubt, it being
about three in the afternoon when I commenced to review the
said company. May I add, my Lords (under correction), that I
am of opinion there was ample time in the interval to have got
more men together had they not been scattered far and wide,
working here and there, some of them I tell you usually
working at a distance of two or three miles from their garrison.
These I pretended to discharge, not choosing to have informa-
tion of their exodus from the garrison. But by reasons given
I wished first to advise your Lordships of the matter, that you
may be pleased to instruct me what course I should take ; at
the same time praying that it may please your Lordships to
write to the governor or the commanders respectively on the
subject, and let them keep their men better together, so as to
be always properly ready for muster. From which much
good advantage will result, and confusion and misunder-
standing be prevented. . . . Herewith humbly recommending
myself to the good grace of your Lordships, I pray God, etc.
— Your Lordships humble faithful servant,


At Sluys, 25th April 1612.




Annexa (in original Dutch).

Reveue van den Garnisoene binnen Ysendyck, op den

xx Aprilis 1612.

De compa ie van mons r d'Hautheyn.

Musquetten, . . 14

Spiessen, ... 22

36 coppen.
De compa ie van den Cap n Yerhorst.

Musquetten, . . 21
Spiessen, ... 15

36 coppen.
De compa ie van den Drossaert Straelen.

Musquetten, . . 22

Spiessen, ... 15

37 coppen.
De compa ie van den Cap 11 Livingston.

Musquetten, . . 25

Spiessen, ... 21

De compa ie van den Cap n Wabben.

De compa ie van wylen den Cap" Ram.

46 coppen.

44 coppen.


26 coppen.

Records of
State s-

1613, December 31. — There was read the advice of the
Council of State, dated the 19th inst. — on the request of
Robert Henderson, and also on the resolution before mentioned,
of their High Mightinesses — to the effect that they are of
opinion that the petitioner's pay as colonel ought to com-
mence from this date onward. That the States of Zeeland
have shown that they are satisfied to accept that he is to


receive his pay upon their repartition, according to what (in
accordance with the contents of said -resolution, viz. of the 28th
April 1612) he himself has declared ; on condition that the
Lords of Zeeland also further agree to give him said pay. In
addition, said pay of colonel is to be kept at three hundred
guilders a month, as it is appointed also in the State of War,
and he is to be satisfied therewith like other colonels, par-
ticularly of our own nation. But a resolution on the matter
is postponed until the consent of the Province be examined,
and it be understood what the Council of State think of it.

To the Council of State. (Jan. 7, 1614.)
My Lords, — There was handed to me by the bearer of Letters and
this a certain missive from your Lordships concerning the the council
request of the creditors of Cavalry Captain Arskyn. 1 From ofState -
which I understand that your Lordships were informed by
these creditors, that I out of eighteen whole months 1 pay
received by me since the said captain left have retained
under name of my own pay 5400 guilders belonging to the
creditors, and that I allowed myself to be induced by the
cornet of the said company to let said sum together with
further sums the creditors had a claim on out of the arrears of
pay be forwarded to the said cornet, in payment of what the
captain is said to have promised him for the transport of the
company. As to this, I most humbly cannot withhold from
your Lordships that as regards the money which I received
from the States of Vriesland, the long continued bad payments
have obliged me to spend for the support of the company, not
only the said sum, but above ten thousand guilders more (which
I advanced from my own pocket, and negotiated for on my
credit), but for which said company would necessarily have
dwindled away and fallen into confusion. Besides, in all cases
where a liquidation and full payment of a company's pay is
made there has always been an opinion prevalent that the
money should go to the creditors, and that they should get a
share in some way due to them on the strength of the resolu-
tion of their High Mightinesses the States-General and by

1 See also supra, p. 215.


injunctions given to the captain. It never occurred to me
that the cornet or anybody else should in the slightest degree
be favoured to the injury of the creditors. And since mention
is made in your Lordships' 1 letter, that the creditors claimed a
right over the sum of three hundred guilders per month, I
cannot omit humbly to recall to the recollection of your
Lordships that the resolution of the States-General, dated the
3rd November 1610, is to the effect that the captain may pay
said debts, with the half of his pay, as paid monthly, retaining
the other half for his maintenance ; and in such a manner
that on no account shall more than two hundred guilders a
month of the captain's pay be allowed to the creditors. Besides,
in addition to this, the captain had yet assigned out of the
other half to Bartholomew Reminger the sum of twelve
hundred and seventy-six guilders, payable at the rate of a
hundred guilders a month, which sum aforesaid of two hundred
guilders a month, altogether amounting to twelve hundred and
seventy-six guilders, I shall do all I can to pay as soon as the
company receive payment of their arrears. But also out of
what was left of the captain's pay I kept his horses and servants
and cleared away divers other charges left by him. Also many
difficulties occurred daily, because of these long-continued bad
payments. I humbly pray herewith that your Lordships will
not permit that any further deductions of the captain's pay
[be made] beyond the said two hundred guilders a month,
together amounting to twelve hundred and seventy-six guilders,
since I could not otherwise make ends meet ; and then my
faithfulness, if I have proved it to the company during the
time of these bad payments, would be miserably rewarded. —
Herewith, etc., your obedient and always willing servant,

(Signed) Thiman Vriese, Secy.
Datum Zwolle, the 7th January 1614.

(Jan. 31, 1614.)

My Lords, — I duly received the missive of your Lordships
of 27th November last, with appended copy of the request, pre-
sented to you by Captain Wishart. In the missive you charge
me to observe at the next inspection how many troopers in
that company are badly mounted and personally unfit for the


public service. And to find out how long all such badly
mounted and unfit troopers have been in the service, and to
advise your Lordships, giving the names of said troopers.
And in submitting my answer I cannot conceal from your
Lordships that in pursuance of your instructions I did my
duty in the matter, and by way of giving superabundant
satisfaction to your Lordships, I did after the muster which
took place on the 8th of this present month of January
interrogate on oath all the officers of the said company, each
one apart, whether they maintained daily the ordinary watch,
and as to knowledge of fit and unfit among their troopers,
whether they knew of any badly mounted men belonging to
the company unfit for the public service, other than those
presented to me at the place of muster, and that they were bound
in the interest of the land to give their names and surnames.
Whereupon I could discover nothing except that accidents had
happened to one or two of their horses, and that they had
bought young ones instead, which, within the year, would be
fit enough for the war. Item, two or three of the horses are
a little under the size, but suitable and well handled. More-
over, there are also two old troopers, one of whom is maimed •
in the leg, and the other quite an old man. They are both
old soldiers, the elder having honourably served those Lands
for more than twenty-eight years in succession ; and because of
his years is unable to bear arms. I leave his case to the
discretion of your Lordships. This advice may be of use,
that as the captain has absolute command over his company
he must know his troopers better than I do. Your Lordships
might be pleased to charge him to reform his company in
such a manner as he shall consider he is responsible for in
the public service. On these, my arguments above detailed,
may it please your Lordships (taking them in good part) to
dispose of the matter and command me according to your good
pleasure. — Herewith, etc., (Signed) Joerien van Lennip.
Utrecht, the 31st January 1614.

(April 9, 1614.)
My Lords, — In pursuance of the missive of your Lordships,
forwarded to me with the enclosed request of Captain Wishart,




In presence of the said Captain Wishart, I paid careful
attention during my last muster of the 4th inst. to the quali-
fications and fitness of the cavalry and horses, and found
among those hereinafter described, persons having small but
well-trained horses. And although I sharply charged each of
them separatelv to get themselves better mounts against the
next muster, my orders have not as yet been carried out, for
the reason they offer in excuse that they have not means to pur-
chase proper horses ; and they asked three months, which the
captain granted them, so as not to ruin them. And by desire
of your Lordships the names of the persons with small horses
are given as follows : Jan Banckerts, Jacob de Heuvel, Jan
Michel, Jone Allen, one among them named Egbert Segerssoon
is to be excepted, as to be exact he has a young unfit horse
with a spavin on both hind legs and I discharged him till
further orders from your Lordships. Besides there is a certain
Evert Gevers, who has been absent more than six weeks beyond
his leave, contrary to my instructions, of all which I could not
but inform your Lordships. Requesting respectfully thereupon
your Lordships' advice, according to which I shall be regulated.
Praying etc., Your Worshippful Mightinesses obedient servant,


Utrecht, 19th April 1714, new style.

1614, October 29. — Read the advice of the Council of State,
of date the 25th inst., regarding the request of the widow of
Captain Berckley, to the effect that she cannot rest her case in
particular on the current pay of his company, inasmuch as said
company, during his period of service was all along on the foot-
ing of payment by the States of Holland. And after consulta-
tion the request of the petitioner was refused.

November 1. — The widow of the late Captain Berckley and
present wife of Bartholomew Donder, was granted out of com-
miseration for her present poor circumstances thirty guilders
in all. 1

r „ To the Council of State. (Feb. 27, 1615.)

L6tt6TS 3.110.

Requests to My Lords, — As to what took place in the garrison here,

the Council , . T __ . ,,. . r n . . ■« , ,

of state. between Jacques Bering, a soldier in Colonel Broghs company

1 See p. 211.


and Jan David ts belonging to Captain Bredenrode's, your
Lordships may ascertain from the request, which, with a
similar missive to his Excellency, I have caused to be forwarded
to you. In which affair, on the first complaint made by
Captain Lieutenant Majoribank, commanding the company of
Colonel Brogh, proceedings were carried so far that it came
before the Council of War here. But the said Captain Lieu-
tenant, well seeing that the request was not to the advantage of
his soldiers, requested that a fuller inquiry be made before pro-
ceeding further, and also that meanwhile his wounded soldier
be released in order to get himself cured of his several pitiable
wounds and bruises ; which requests were both granted on con-
dition that the said Captain Lieutenant would stand bail
and promise to deliver into custody at any time his soldier
aforesaid. Which promise the said Majoribank made, in
the presence of a full meeting of the Council of War, and like-
wise Captain Bredenrode made along with him the same
promise, on behalf of his soldiers.

Now whether any evil intention lurked under this I cannot
sav, except that what followed may well awaken suspicion ;
if one considers what was afterwards committed on the
person of Jan Davidts by the foresaid Jacques Nering as to
which the foresaid inquiry will give your Lordships fuller infor-
mation. And be it noted, the said Jan Nering has on account
of that become a fugitive, the said Captain Lieutenant having
become answerable for his person. And so (after previous
consultation with some of the Lords of States here) I could
not but inform you about this — as it is a matter fraught with
evil consequences. And I fear, as the said Majoribanks stated to
me, that further troubles may arise between the two companies
aforesaid. Therefore I request the advice and commands of
your Lordships about this, how to guide myself further therein,
both in regard to the said Jacques Nering and to Asbal Flack,
who appears to have excited himself gambling, and on that
account sits in prison, as is indeed noted in the foresaid
request. With which I, etc. Your Hon. Mightinesses humble
servant, Th. Ogle.

Actum L T trecht, the 27th Februarv 1615.


To the Potent Lords of the Council of State of the United

Robert Baelze, sergeant of the company of Colonel Hender-
son, begs most humbly to inform you, that he, the petitioner,
has necessary matters of business to transact in England, of

such a nature, that he has got leave from his for the

period of the ensuing three months, in order to attend to his
affairs ; therefore he humbly prays that your Lordships may
be pleased to grant him leave of absence to England for the
period of three months.

To the Council of State. (June 19, 1615.)

High and Mighty Lords, — Since my lords the states of Stadt
en Landen, after the death of Captain Norman Bruce, appointed
in his stead as captain the honourable and doughty George
Coutts, and as yet have presented him with no formal commis-
sion, or even administered to him the oath ; we beg therefore,

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