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in the most friendly way, that your High Mightinesses will
order a regular commission to be drawn up, in favour of the
said Captain Coutts, and administer to him the oath in order
that this having been done, he may rejoin his company, as
soon as possible. — Herewith, etc. Your High Mightinesses
good friends, The Deputies of the City of

c Gronixgen and surrounding districts.

C At Groningen, the 19th June 1615.

Letter Jrom the Scottish Privy Council. (Aug. 2, 1615.)

Diplomatic Illustriss. Genero. Ampliss. Digniss. Domini, — Georgius

correspond- Bothvellus,centurionum unus Legionis Scoticae, apud vos,vestro

ence, 1615- & _ . .

1617. commeatu, ac licentia, hue ad nos, non ita pridem, instructus

redijt : negotiorum, ac rerum causa Illustris ac generosi Domini

Joannis Bothvelli, fratris sui, Baronis Sanctae crucis, Senatoris,

ac consiliarij Regni hujus nuper defuncti. Quia vero, ilia ipsa

familia, resque, ac negotia, administratore altero ejusdem

fratre, Francisco Bothvello, qui non ita pridem fato functus est,

in discrimen ac periculum, ejus obitu, tale deducta sunt, ut

non parvum familiae, nomini ac loco, quern ipse inter pares



1615] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 281

Regni sustinuit, incommodum minitentur : nisi hoc unico
fratre superstite supremo stirpis illius azylo refocillentur.
Cujus etiam iudicio, instructione, ac testimonio, reliqui Regni
Senatores, tarn gravissimarum quaestionum examinandarum,
inter vasallos defuncti causa, quam restituendarum difficultatum
ac disceptationibus forensibus, quae jam inter ipsos agitantur,
non alio, quam illo assertore ac vindice uti decreverunt.
Aequum nobis visum est, hisce Uteris intercessions, proroga-
tionem commeatus, a vobis concessi, ejus nomine, ab Illustris.
Gener. Ampliss. Dignitatibus vestris enixe poscere. Vosque
amice rogare, ut hanc Centurioni vestro a militia tantisper
emorandi licentiam indulgeatis, ac tempus commeatus, in
commodum ac conveniens aliquod rebus tantis peragendis (quae
non nisi ipso praesente, ac assertore expediri possunt) spacium
prorogetis. Quibus facile, et familiae suae, quae unice rebus
vestris semper addicta fuit, et nobis, ac controversij s tarn
intricatis dirimendis, provideatur. Quia vero Capitaneus ipse
sub tessera, ac partitione stipendiaria, Illustrium Ordinum
Hollandiae hactenus fuit, pariter obtestamur, ut harum
literarum lectionis, ipsi Illustrissimi Hollandiae Ordines par-
ticipes, nullum praejudicium, ex tarn legittimis emorandi
ausis, ipsi, aut centuriae suae militibus, fieri patiantur. Rebus
suis hie peractis (nisi vestrarum rerum graviora, repentinum
quid suggerant, ut vestris monitorijs evocandus sit) cum nostris
commendatitijs quasi rerum peracturum indicibus, ad vos, quam
citissime fieri possit remeabit. Si qua vero in re parem, aut
majorem benevolentiae significationem. Amplitudinibus
vestris edere poterimus, id sedulo, et lubentissime praesti-
turos nos, sancte pollicemur. Datum Edenburgi secundo die
mensis Augusti Anno Dm 1615.

Vestris Illustr. Gener. ac Ampliss. Dignitatibus addictissimi,

DUNFERMELJUS CaNCELL*.

Binning.

Jo. Prestoun.

ACKBURN [sic].

Alex. Hay.

Oliphant.

Murray.

[Indorsed] : Illustriss. Genero. Ampliss. ac Digniss. Dominis



282



THE TWELVE YEARS 1 TRUCE



[1616:



D. Confoederatarum Belgij Provinciarum Ordinibus Amicis
nobis syncere dilectis.

1616, January 23. — On the petition of Jacob Scott, a
nobleman at present in the company of his Excellency Count ;
Henry of Nassau, it is resolved to increase the petitioner's pay j
extraordinary of six guilders per month (so as to increase it),
from this date to twelve guilders per month, in the place of!
John Atkinson, who died at Alkmaar before Christmas last,
and who was sergeant of the company of Captain Cathcart.

To the Council of State. (Feb. 6, 1616.)

. . . Which muster I carried out with such diligence and
care as was in any wise possible for me to do, in order to pre-
vent any frauds which might operate against the interests of
the country. And I found said companies in such condition
and of such strength as your Lordships will learn from the
said rolls. And in pursuance of your commission I passed
none among the French, English and Scotch soldiers, except
those belonging to their own respective nations ; at which the
captains have bitterly complained, and requested me to state
in a note, on the margin of the roll, how many Germans
were present ; how long they had served ; and how much
they were paid weekly. (Signed) Van der Mull.



Recommendation by the King of the wife and the children of
the late Colonel Edmond (1616).

Messieurs et comperes, — Encores que ce soit chose superflue
que de vous recomender les homes de bien ou de vous ramen-
tevoir leurs bons services, mesmes apres tant de preuves de
vostre bonne volonte envers toutes sortes des gens de vertu, si
est ce que la bonne memoire du feu Colonel Edmond nous a
donnee a cest'heure Toccasion de vous recomender sa femme et
cnfantz. Et bien que nous nous asseurons que les merites de
feu son mary et sa propre vertu soyent bastantz de la faire
obtenir de vous chose quelleconque qui ne soit pas par trop
desraisonnable, neantmoins nous vous avons bien voulu prie de
la respecter et luy donner telle recompense pour le soulage-



1617] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 283

ment de soy et ses enfantz que vous donnez aux autres de sa
reng et qualite. Ce que nous asseurantz que vous ferez et
tant plus volontiers pour Tamour de nous, Prions Dieu,
Messieurs et comperes, vous tenir tousiours en sa saincte garde.

Escripte a nostre palais de Grenewich le xxii [?] de May 161 [?].

[N.B. The date is obscure ; the year probably 1616.]



To the States-General.

My Lords, — Since the widow of Captain Ramsay has re- Records of

States -
General.



quested letters of attestation from us as to the conduct of her



late husband, we are bound to declare that the said captain,
during the years that he remained here in garrison, conducted
himself very well, was honourable and burgherlike in his deal-
ings, and maintained as good order and discipline in his com-
pany as any of the captains of this garrison. Indeed his death
was very much lamented by all the burghers and soldiers.
Wherefore we are moved humbly to pray your High Mighti-
nesses that the said widow and children may find grace and
favour in your eyes, and that said children, being three sons
and a daughter, may be reared for the service of the country,
in order that they may follow the footsteps of such a brave
and virtuous father, etc.,

Burgomasters and Aldermen of the City of Breda.

Advice of the Council of State regarding a demand for increase
of pay by Colonel Henderson.

High and Powerful Lords, — . . . That Colonel Henderson
insists on an increase of pay is doubtless more in order that he
may not be paid less than another of the same standing, than
that a company, and such good pay as three hundred guilders
a month, should be considered too little. Therefore our
opinion is (under correction) that it would be better, money
being so scarce at present, to reduce the pay of the other
colonels to three hundred guilders, rather than to increase the
pay of the said Henderson to the level of the others, to, at
least, four hundred guilders a month. So we advised your
High Mightinesses in this matter on the 6th April 1613,
though it pleased your High Mightinesses to do otherwise.

The Hague, the 7th February 1617.



284



THE TWELVE YEARS 1 TRUCE



[1617



To the Council of State. (Oct. 17, 1617.)

But certain companies are still mixed with many Germans.
The French companies again begin to receive some people
from France, but they are persons without experience, like
those to be found among the recruits which the English and
Scottish captains received.

Moyens plus expedients pour le recouvrement de noz soldatz

fugitifs.

1618 [without date].

En premier son Ex ce donnera s'il luy plaist un Acte a
chacun Colonel pour en vertu d'iceluy requerir du Commis-
saire, fourier, ou aultre Officier de chacune ville qui prennent
congnoissance des soldatz entretenuz entre les Compaignies
de leur garnison, les noms des Anglois qui y auront este receuz
depuis que Tarmee des Estatz a este en Campaigne.

Et qulceluy Acte estant delivre par chacun Collonel a un
ou plusieurs officiers de son Regiment pour faire recherche
du leurs fugitifs, et iceulx estant trouvez en quelque ville ou
lieu que ce soit, d'estre assistez des susdictz officiers et Magis-
trats de la garnison pour les faire mettre en prison ou lieu de
surete, en attendant la comodite de les faire mener en TArmee.

Et d'aultant que la briefvete du temps requiert extreme
diligence pour le renfort de noz trouppes, il seroit necessoire
(sy son Ex ce Ta pour agreable) de faire delivrer a chacun
Collonel plusieurs coppies du dit Acte, signees de sa main,
pour employer en mesme temps plusieurs officiers en divers
lieux, pour amener au iour nomine, s'il est possible tous les
soldatz qui seront trouvez fugitifs.

Representation by Colonel Sir William Brog.
Requests to To the High Mightinesses my Lords the States-General

states-General. 0F THE United Netherlands. — The faithful servant of your
High Mightinesses, Sir William Brog, knight and colonel,
hereby showeth with due reverence, that, according to mili-
tary usages worthily observed in these Netherlands, all regi-
ments were and still are provided with high officers, as
colonel, lieutenant-colonel, sergeant-major, quartermaster and
provost, as also was the case in the petitioner's regiment,
some months ago now ; that by the death of the late Lieu-



i6i8] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 285

tenant-colonel Caddel his place has become vacant, and
by the absence of Captain Gordon the post of sergeant-
major is also vacant, and these two places, which are the
highest and most important next to his own, ought justly
by succession to pass to the two eldest captains in his said
regiment, viz., Captain Allane Coutis and Captain Donald-
sonne ; so that he, the petitioner, hopes that his regiment will
not be held in less esteem by your High Mightinesses than the
others, and the more for this reason, because it is the first and
oldest regiment of foreign nationality in these Netherlands,
and has also rendered so many notable and excellent services,
as the chronicles show, and as are still fresh in the memory of
everybody, and will continue certainly to be so till death.
And considering that it is highly necessary for the service of
the country that the said places should again be filled by good
and able men of quality and experienced persons, who have a
just claim to them, and have merited them by their services,
in order that they may thereby be encouraged, and that all
good discipline may be maintained for the benefit of the
country, and that the order in the petitioner's regiment may
be improved, therefore the petitioner turns to your High
Mightinesses, praying and requesting very humbly that it may
please you, in consideration of the reasons before adduced,
graciously to command that the said Captain Coets [Coutis]
may be promoted to lieutenant-colonel, and Captain Donald-
sonne to sergeant-major, in the petitioner's regiment, which they
will repay by faithful obedience unto death, and will always
try to do their duty to the petitioner respectfully. By doing
so, etc., Sir William Brog.

Petition on behalf of Sir William Brog, Knight and Colonel.

As, on account of the large amount of public business, it
has pleased your High Mightinesses only to examine and read,
without deciding upon, the petition presented to your High
Mightinesses by Sir William Brog, colonel, in which he requests
that the two gentlemen, Captain Allane Coutis and Captain
Donaldsone, may receive commissions for the posts of lieu-
tenant-colonel and sergeant-major, in which they are daily
employed, in order that they may discharge their duty with



286 THE TWELVE YEARS 1 TRUCE [1618

more respect and authority ; and as he, the petitioner, earnestly
hopes that his regiment, as being the oldest in the service of
the country, will not be held in less esteem than any of the
others. So he very humbly prays that it may please your
High Mightinesses provisionally to dispose favourably of his
request concerning the commissions, till the situation of affairs
permit negotiations about their maintenance ; and that in the
meantime all opportunities for serving the country may be
taken advantage of in the best way.

Memorial Jor Captain Andrew Donaldson.

My Lords, — Whereas on the earnest petition of Colonel Sir
William Brog, regarding the disposal of the places of lieu-
tenant-colonel and sergeant-major in his regiment, it pleased
your Lordships to look up the State of War, where it was
found that only the sergeant-major of the said regiment is
known there, which post Captain Andre Donaldsonne, as due
to him by succession, has already filled for some years, at very
great costs, for the service of the country, without as yet
having received authority or commission from you, although
he has made applications for it, and the matter has until now
been postponed. Therefore he prays again very humbly your
Lordships to promote him, the petitioner, to the said post of
sergeant-major; hoping to render such services to the country
in that position, that they will receive every benefit and satis-
faction therefrom.

Petition of Captain James Seyton.

To their High Mightinesses the States-General

of the United Netherlands

Captain James Seyton, lying in garrison at Utrecht, in
the regiment of Colonel Brog, having served this country
well and faithfully for the period of sixteen years, hereby
showeth with all humility and respect, that he has learned
that it pleased your Honours recently to grant a com-
mission in favour of Captain Donaldson to hold the post
and office of sergeant-major of the said regiment, notwith-
standing his unfitness, for the said Donaldson had never pre-
viously in his life before been a soldier, until at the close of
the siege of Sluys he brought over to this country from



1615] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 287

England a company of infantry on his own responsibility
(without having had any commission or command from your
High Mightinesses, his Excellency, or any other) ; but, on the
contrary, had been scraping a livelihood by mechanical traffic,
as the sale of hosiery and suchlike wares, at Flushing and
elsewhere, where the best markets were. And during all the
time that he has held a commission as captain, he has never
been face to face with the enemy nor been in action, except
lately before the town and at the capture of Gulick ; which
post aforesaid, and the office of major, should certainly (under
correction) be required and demanded to be filled by an abler
person, and one more practised or experienced in warfare
and military affairs than the said Donaldson, and it was not
in any way his due (I say nothing about some pecuniary con-
ditions, which caused him to be recommended for the post
by his aforesaid colonel) ; and because he never allowed the
flag of any regiment to be carried in his company, except only
since the siege of Gulick. So, on account of this the remon-
strant, out of zeal for the service for the Land, has recourse to
you, humbly praying and making request that it may please
your High Mightinesses favourably to consider what has been
stated, and to fill the said place with some able, fit, qualified
and experienced soldier and officer. Not that the petitioner
is ostentatiously offering himself for the appointment, but
your High Mightinesses may be pleased, with the advice of
his Excellency, to take such measures that the said regiment
and the land may be well and properly served. Inasmuch as
there are in said regiment enough brave, efficient and qualified
persons available; by doing which, etc., J. Seytonn.

To their High Mightinesses the States-General
of the United Netherlands
Captain James Seyton, in the regiment of Colonel Brogh,
hereby showeth with all humility and reverence, that he,
the petitioner, having lately presented a petition regarding
the post and office of sergeant-major in the said regiment,
and being still concerned about it, by reason of the notable
injury which is happening and may happen to the said
regiment through the want of brave and experienced officers ;



288 THE TWELVE YEARS' TRUCE [1618

therefore he, the petitioner, turns to your High Mightinesses,
humbly praying and beseeching that it may please you to
appoint to the said post (with the consent of his Excellency)
a qualified, thoroughly experienced and brave person, to the
end that the service of the country generally, and the com-
mands of his Excellency regarding the said regiment, may be
properly carried out and executed. By doing this, etc.,

J. Seyton.

To their High Mightinesses, the States-General
of the United Netherlands.

Your faithful and humble servant, Sir Robert Hindersoun,
colonel of a regiment of Scottish Infantry, showeth with humility
and reverence that he, the petitioner, having served in these
Netherlands for the time of twenty-four consecutive years in
one grade of service after another, was finally by the kind
favour of your High Mightinesses promoted in January of the
year 1612, with a commission to be colonel, in the place of the
late Lord of Backluge, having also served since that time till
February 5th of the year 1614, in the said position and also in
that of lieutenant-colonel, without receiving any pay except
only a compliment considerately presented by your High
Mightinesses, with which also he, the petitioner, is satisfied.
Thus, though the petitioner's predecessor in said office received
monthly till his death the sum of five hundred Carolingian
guilders, and though likewise every colonel of the English and
Scottish nation in the Land's service earns no less monthly
than four hundred Carolingian guilders, yet the petitioner
himself from that date till now has received no more than three
hundred Carolus guilders monthly. Wherefore, the petitioner
also presented several petitions to your High Mightinesses, and
humbly requested that it might please you to increase his pay
by the said one hundred guilders per month, and thus to treat
him with consideration as all the other colonels of his nation-
ality are treated ; and on all these petitions, the last of which
was presented more than six months ago, your High Mighti-
nesses have come to no other decision than that the petitioner
should have patience for some time still, which hitherto has
been the case with him. Therefore he has recourse again to



161S] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 289

your High Mightinesses, praying and requesting very humbly
that it may please you, in consideration of the reasons given
and the continual kind considerateness always shown to all old
and faithful servants of the country, to increase the petitioner's
pay as colonel by the said one hundred guilders per month, and
he will try to repay such a favour with ever faithful service.
Which doing, etc. R. Henrysoun.

To their High Mightinesses, the States- General of the
United Netherlands.

The faithful servant of your High Mightinesses, Sir Francis
Hindersonne, showeth with respect and reverence that he, the
petitioner, having petitioned to receive payment of the arrears
of his salary as lieutenant-colonel, it pleased you to refer his
petition to their Lordships, the Council of State of the United
Netherlands, for their advice, which they, in the accom-
panying closed missive, reserve for your High Mightinesses ;
and although their Lordships in such cases usually give
advice to the greatest advantage and profit of the country
generally, they, apparently, according to the aforesaid advice
are of opinion that he, the remonstrant, should for all his
claims be content with a third part of them, or thereabouts.
Therefore he, the petitioner, prays very humbly that it may
please your High Mightinesses to consider the multifarious
and long-continued solicitations made by him about this
matter, and the great and excessive expenses incurred, and in
addition that he, in fulfilling the duties of his office has, like
others of a similar calling and profession who were in receipt
of full pay, given his services diligently and faithfully, and
therefore hopes from the considerateness and prudence of your
High Mightinesses to receive no less pay than they, and the
more so, inasmuch as the money of his, the petitioner's, arrears
of salary, as well as the salaries of all the other officers of the
said regiment have been handed over and paid in full by the
States of Zeeland, into the hands of the Receiver Guil.
Doublet. Therefore his humble prayer is that it may please
your High Mightinesses kindly to see to it that he, the peti-
tioner, in regard to the above-mentioned unsatisfied claims,
may receive satisfaction and be paid, [he] being always willing
to repay such a favour by loyal thankfulness.



290



THE TWELVE YEARS 1 TRUCE



[1618



[In the margin the following resolution is written :]
It was ascertained from the clerk, Volbergen, what payments
have been made to the petitioner by the States of Zeeland,
and how much is still owing to him for his previous services.
Actum March 11th, 1618.

Col. Fr. Henryson.
1618 [without date.] 1
My Lordis, — I have resseived your 1. insinuation and per-
seived thair by that your 1. ave bein hardlie informed and
hichelie displesed about that infortunat maleur whitche
against my intentione and to my great regreat is fallin out in
my hand. I dout not bot your 1. hes had the ful relation
theirof boithe frome my frendis and enemeis thair are sudjet
avenche as it is hapned to miscon strew my intentione. I have
no thing to my defence and to beir me witnes save my con-
sience whitche is abil to defend me against al malitious and
senistreous reports whitche kan or has bein giffin your 1. The
fact I wil not excuse, seing it is hapned, bot my intentione to
have done it as your 1. hes resseved informatione I will intrait
you not to beleif, for as god sal beir me witnes and as I houp
to be saved, I nether menit the father who is hurt nor the sone
who is deid any harme tho it be most malleruslie fallin other-
wayis. I confes I gave the fellow who is deid twa strokkis, bot
far frome my intentiones to have takin his lyf, the on was efter
he had confessit to me to have bein commandit by his master
to have so natoraslie thrie tymes as he confessit himself have
takin my lyf he promisit to go allong to me and justih'e the
and out the dor he brok almost away out of my

hand. Thair upon I gave him with the pommel of my sword,
upon what part of the heid I know not, bot if it hes protured
his deithe, never man died of one les strok, the other strok
whitche is set doune in the informatione hi did hing out his
toung at al whitche is and was efter he had cuttit me in

the schin with a glas fit him than to weil he was als weil

by al appirance as ani man could be, if he be deid of thois
strokkis, it is best knowne to god for as I sal answer to him I
kan not beleif it, always it was far frome my intentione he

1 The original is in English, and difficult to decipher.



1618] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 291

should have died. I houp your 1. may easily forbidden if I
had had any intentione to ave ta^in his lyf, I could have takin
it in mane other fassione thein efter this kynd and seing that
it is most malleruskie hapned to my extrem greif and kan not
be amendit, I wil most ernestly intreat your 1. favoribil censur
for the offence and oversycht I have comitted to your 1. and
your justice, and think that it is only by ignorance that I have
prosed it efter this fassione and not in contemp. I will most
humblie intreat your 1. that what ever ordur it pleseis you to
take with me that ye wil be pleased to pardone the soldier who
hes no wyl at al and who in manie sundrie occasions has done
your 1. good service sum of them 20, sum of them 30 yearis I
wold have tune according to your directione bot I am nether
weil nor hellger [?] and hes a greit manie affairis of my brothers
children (who is leitly died) that I . . . presently in hand with,
so that I wil intreat your 1. favorabel permission. Intreatting
most humblie your 1. favorabil censur of al I kis in humilty
your 1. handis and sal as I have ever bein remayne, your 1.
most humbel and obedient servant. (s.) Franc. Henryson.

[In February 1618, Sir Dudley Carleton wrote to Secretary
Naunton that Sir Francis Henderson's pardon had been granted



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