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2 In 1645 the States sent a force of troops under four colonels, of whom
Colonel Henderson was one, in their fleet, to assist Sweden in the war with


kingdom of the United Netherlands, over which his descendant
Queen Emma rules. Prince William succeeded as Stadtholder,
but meanwhile negotiations were proceeding at Osnabruck and
Munster, and on the 30th January 1648 the Thirty Years' 1
War was concluded by the Treaty of Munster. The colonels
of the Scots Brigade when the war ended were James Erskine,
John Kirkpatrick, and Sir William Drummond, who had suc-
ceeded Sir Philip Balfour on his retirement in 1646.

The Dutch army in 1649 consisted of twelve regiments of
cavalry in sixty-eight companies, and the two companies of the
Prince of Orange's guard, and of thirty regiments of infantry
in four hundred and eleven companies, of which fifteen regi-
ments were ' composes de nationaux, 5 de Francois, 4 d'Ang-
lais, 3 d'Ecossais, et 3 d'Allemands.'' l

1 Cerisier.







Holland. Cavalry
W m Balfour 100 men

Col. Brogh . 200 „
Col. Henderson „ „
C n Jacques Sande-

lans . 120 „
,, Robert Coutis ,,
,, Thomas Arskyn 1 „
,, Levingston . ,,
„ Robert Schott „



C n James Lindesay 120 men £1655

, W m Orrock . „ „

, W m Hudson . „ ,,

, James Henderson „ „

, John Hacket „ ,,

, Mongo Hamelton ,, ,,

, David Balfour ,, „

, W m Schot 2 . „ „

, John Murray 3 ,, „

, Donalson . ,, ,,

, Marioribankes „ ,,

1 This appears to be a mistake for James Erskine, who on 8th April 161 7
received a commission in place of Thomas Erskine, who had left his company.
A Captain James Erskine, who had previously served as a captain of cuirassiers,
had been recommended on 24th April 1610 (p. 243).

Captain James Erskine became sergeant-major of the regiment on 8th May
1 631, lieutenant-colonel on 13th March 1636, and colonel on 2nd March 1639.

He distinguished himself at the passage of the Lys in 1644. He commanded
the old regiment (previously H. Balfour's and Brog's) till 1655, when he died,
and the three regiments being formed into two, Walter Scott, formerly lieutenant-
colonel of Drummond's regiment, became colonel of the one, John Kirkpatrick
retaining the command of the other.

2 William Scott, succeeded Captain Murray, deceased, on 12th March 162 1,
and was succeeded by George Lamont on 28th November 1622.

3 John Murray succeeded David Lindsay 12th February 1620, and seems to
have died by 12th March 1621, when Captain Murray was succeeded by William

4 Thomas Marjoribanks succeeded Captain Hamilton on 16th January 1620.
He died before 4th September 1626, when he was succeeded by James Scot.




[Second State of War from 1621 to 1631]

C n Alane Coutis 150 men
„ Archibald Dou-
glas 1 „

„ Walter Murray 2 120 1655

)} John Kennodt „ ,,

,, Jacques Sandelans ,, „

„ John Sempil 3 ,, „

„ James Arskyn ,, ,,

,, Patrick Murray 4 ,, ,,

O James Elpingston 5 120 men £1655
„ James Lindsay .
„ W m Orrock .
„ David Colfert 6
„ James Henderson
,, John Hacquet
,, Mongo Hamilton
,, David Balfour
„ George Lamont 7

1 Sir Archibald Douglas succeeded Francis Henderson, who took over the
' Compagnie Colonelle ' of his brother Robert, on succeeding him as colonel
27th November 1622. Was appointed sergeant-major 31st October 1634, lieu-
tenant-colonel 7th July 1638, and colonel 8th March 1639. He was dead
before 6th September 1639, when an appointment was given 'by H.H. on board
before St. Annalandt,' to John Kirkpatrick to succeed him. See petitions by
his widow, Gertrude Walsdorf, in 1640.

2 Walter Murray succeeded William Drummond, 30th Sepember 1627.

3 John Sempill succeeded William Drummond, who then took Thomas
Edmond's company, on 1st August 1625.

4 Patrick Murray succeeded his captain (Sir Henry) Livingston, then de-
ceased, on 24th November 1626. He was dead by 23rd March 1635, when
he was succeeded by Thomas Livingstone.

5 James Elphinstone succeeded his captain (Robert), Scott, deceased, on 25th
January 1627. Dead, and succeeded by W. Pentland by 27th February 1632.

6 David Colyear was the first of a family destined to be honourably connected
with the Scots Brigade. A commission was issued on 10th February 1625, for
Davidt Collar, chamberlain to his Excellency, in the place of Captain William
Hudson deceased. He became sergeant-major of Sir William Drummond's re-
giment on 9th July 1649, and is described in list of 1636 and the State of War of
1649 as David Robertson diet Colyer. He was the father of Colonel Sir Alexander
Robertson alias Colyear, who on 24th March 1677 was served heir-general to
his sister Joanna, daughter of Major David Colyear. — (Inq. Gen. 5987) David
Colyear married Jean, daughter of John Bruce of Airth and Margaret Elphin-
stone, before September 1643. They had three daughters, one married to
Thomas Dunbar of Grange, another, Martha, to Sir John Nicholson of Tillicoul-
try, and Joanna, and one son, Alexander (see Div. iv.). It has been said that
these Colyears were cadets of the house of Struan, who changed their name from
Robertson to Colyear. It is certain that there was a connection with the
Robertsons of Struan, and Sir Alexander, the first baronet (created 1677), called
himself Robertson alias Colyear. The author of the History and Martial
Achievements of the Robertsons of Struan, says that he did this ' for reasons,'
but the Dutch Records show that in doing so he followed his father's example.
Colyear is a Fife name, and families of the name held land near Kirkcaldy,
Pitkinny, and Lochgelly. See the Scottish Antiquary, vol. xi. pp. 60-63.

7 George Lamont succeeded William Scott on 27th November 1622.


C n John Murray 1 120 men £1655 I C n Marioribankis 120 men £1655
,, Jacques Balfour 2 ,, „ \

Wacht-ende-Quartiermeesters. 3
Willem Drominert, Sergeant Majoor van 't regiment van Brogh £80

Robert Mesterton Quaertier vai van Colonel Brogh . . 50

Officieren van Justitie
Will m Conradi provoost van Col. Brogh .... 50

Andres Hunterus, Predicant van de Schotten . . £33, s.7 d.8

Janneken, dochter van Cap n John Nysbeth, tsjaers £100

t'haeren lijve . . . . . £8, s.6 d.8

De weduwe Cap n Jan Balfour . . . £50 : £4, s.3 d.4

Col. Balfour, op zijn lijf'sjaers ..... £1000

De Kinderen van Cap n Waddel, als Archibald, Jan ende Willem

£200'sjaers ...... £600

Maria Righ, weduwe van C n Melvil, ten lijve van Jacques, David,

Janneken, Tanneken ende Hester elcx £80 . . 400

Jan ende Catharina dAlchy Kinderen van Cap n dAlchy, elck

£100 . . . . . . . 200

Jan ende Janneken Prop, Kinderen van Cap n Prop, elcx de helft 206
Joufrrouwe Anna Kirpatric, weduwe van Cap n Strackan,

t'haren lyve ...... 200

De Kinderen van Cap n James Egger, genaemt Nicolaes," ende

Margrete, elck de helft ..... 125

De Kinderen van Cap n Kilpatricx, als Jan, Maria ende Helena

Kilpatrick ....... 200

[Another transcriber gives the following additional names] —
Guilliaume Murray of Pickeries on the lives of Jan and Elisa-
beth his children, each £100 .... 200

Barbara Bruce, widow of L fc Col. Caluart, on her life, . . 200

The children of Cap n W m Nysbeth, Arthur and Margarieta

Nysbeth, each one half .... £134, s.6 d.8

1 A James Murray succeeded Captain Home on 2nd May 1623. On nth
March 1654, a George Lauder succeeded James Murray, having then commanded
the company for some years.

2 James Balfour succeeded bis captain, Donaldson, on 17th March 1627,
became sergeant-major 9th April 1639, was lieut. -colonel 1643, ar >d was suc-
ceeded as captain by Sir Alexander Home on 16th November 1643. Lieu.-
Colonel James Balfour, son, it is thought, of Colonel Sir David Balfour (see
p. 44), married Anne, daughter of Philip Stewart, and had issue. He appears
as lieut. -colonel of James Erskine's regiment in the State of 1649, but does not
appear in 1655. On 22nd November 1661, Alexander Colyear was appointed
captain of ' Col. Balfour's company ' [sic] in Scott's regiment.

3 The next entries are given in Dutch as a specimen of the original.



Mistress Anna van Duvenvoorde, widow of Col. Cunigam, on
the lives of Mistress Margriet van Duvenvoorde, the wife of
Cap n of Horse, Wisschardt, and Elisabeth Cunigam, each
one half ..•••_"

Joost Blair ..••••



Zeeland. Infantry

men monthly pay

O Henry KiUegry 120 £1655

,, Connock . . „ >,

„ Walter Bruce „ ,,

monthly pay

O Jacques Hacquet, genaemt
Swart gew : wachtm r tot
Bergen op Zoom £72 ter

„ Samuel Prop, Ingenieur


July 12, 1622

Besettinge van de Garnisoenen als men te velde sal sijn

[List of garrisons when the army is in the field]


Portf. 32.

Bergen op Zoom
Walter Bruce
Thomas Ogle


Gerardt Herbert


S r William Lovelace


Geertruydenberge [then belonging

to Holland]


Cor. Ogle


S r Henry Larrey
John Heydon










Ter Hoffstede


Landt rant Cleve.




In de Schantz tot Rees

David Pitcarn, nijeuwe Schotten *

George Coutes

Graefschap van Ravensperg
Jan Waddel 2

1 David Pitcairn received a commission on 22nd September 1621, as captain of
a newly arrived Scottish company, enlisted for three months, he paying the cost
of transportation and of arming. On 27th May 1628 he remonstrated in reference
to a report on his company (p. 353).

2 John Waddell, probably the son of an earlier Captain Waddell (see p. 54),
had a lawsuit with the Countess of Megen in 1628 (p. 357).




July 12, 1622
Lyste van de Compaignien die Sijn Excellence te velde sal brengen.
[List of the companies to take the field under His Excellency.]


't regiment van den Coronnel Brogge
De comp ie Coronnelle
Cap n Donaldson
S r Pilipps Balfour
Drommond, Serg. Maj.
L. Cor. Alane Coutes

Regiment van den Cor. Henrysone
De compaignie coronnelle
Lieutenant Coronnel Henryson.
Serg. Maj. Halcket
S r David Balfour
Cap n Bethone
William Schot
Cap n Henryson
Robbert Schot

Dec r 1622. Lyste van de Cavaillerie
Sir Robbert Carrey l
Sir William Balfour
Compagnien in dienst van den lande zijnde.


Het regim* van Sir Charles Morgan.

„ ,, „ den Col. Philips

Het regim fc van den Col. Sir Henry

Het regim* van den Heere Col.

George Goring

[The companies follow.]

Het Regiment van den Col. Sir
Wil m Brogge
De compagnie Colonelle
Lt Colonnel Sandilans
St Maj. James Arskyn
Maria ribankes
Andries Caddel 2
Cap n Brogge 3
Jacq. Balfour
Walter Murray 4

1 The Resolutions of Holland, of 13th December 1628, referring to the claims
of the Earl of Buccleuch, state there ' also is vacant the company of horse of
Capt. Carry, but that the English claim this company again so as to have it
granted to an Englishman, and not to a Scotchman, to prevent confusion of the
two nations.'

2 Andrew Caddell succeeded Captain Seton, 13th June 1623 ; sergeant-major,
13th March 1636 ; lieut. -colonel, 17th March 1639 ; was dead by 13th April 1640,
when he was succeeded by William Lyle as captain ; taken prisoner at Calloo.

3 Captain Brogh received commission 3rd February 1626, in place of his
captain (Mowbray, then deceased). He was dead before nth April 1635, when
he was succeeded by Alexander Bruce.

4 Walter Murray, previously lieutenant of Lieut. -Colonel Halkett's company, suc-
ceeded as captain Sergeant-Major Drummond, killed at Groll, on 29th September
1627; appointed sergeant-major before Rammekens, 15th May 1640; Lieut-colonel
of Scott's regiment, 27th March 1655 ; retired 1657, when he was succeeded
by George Lauder.

1636] STATES OF WAR 323

Joris Keyer [Keir] 1 Stuart 2

Het regiment van den Col. Sir

David Balfour
De Compaignie Colonelle
L* Colonnel James Henryson
S fc Maj. Archibald Douglas

Wil m Pentlandt 3
Jacques Hacquet 4
John Henrysone 5
George Hacquet 6
John Kirck Patrick 7

1 George Keir, ensign of Captain Erskine's company, received a commission
as captain of Lieut. -colonel Allan Coutts's (deceased) company on 12th May 1631 ;
became sergeant-major of Scott's regiment 2nd April 1655, and was dead by 1st
October, when he was succeeded by Lewis Erskine.

2 A William Stewart received a commission on 26th June 1607, as captain
of a company of 120 men, which he brought from Scotland.

3 William Pentland received commission in succession to Captain Elphinstone,
deceased, on 27th February 1632.

4 James Halkett received commission as captain on 1 8th September 1629, in
succession to Captain George Lamont. He was dead by 22nd September 1638,
when he was succeeded by David Balfour.

5 John Henderson succeeded Captain James Lindsay on 23rd September 1629 ;
sergeant-major of Douglas's regiment, 7th March 1639; lieut. -colonel, 22nd
November 1639. In 1660 John Henderson received a commission as colonel of
one of the Scottish regiments (Drummond's), which had been vacant for some
time, and Thomas Livingstone, formerly sergeant-major of Kirkpatrick's, became
sergeant-major. On 7th March 1662 Lewis Erskine became colonel vice John
Henderson, deceased.

A Sir John Henderson distinguished himself in the service of King Charles in
the English Civil War. Baillie notes on 1st January 1644: 'Henderson has
gotten his pass from the king and is seeking it also from the Parliament for
Holland,' and on 2nd April, ' Commissions were given [at Oxford] to Montrose
as generall, Sir John Henderson as lieut. with the rest of that crew, to do mis-
chief in Scotland.' In 1639 Sir John Henderson had been made governor of
Dumbarton Castle. Douglas states that Sir John Henderson of Fordell (nephew
of Sir Robert, and Sir Francis, and Sir James) served King Charles, and had a
son George, who was killed in Holland.

The old ballad, relating to the battle at the Bridge of Dee in 1639, says :
• They ca'd him Colonel Henderson,
That garred the cannons flee.'

6 George Halkett, son of Colonel Halkett (deceased, killed at Bois-le-Duc),
previously ensign of his father's company, succeeded Sir David Balfour as captain,
Sir David having taken Colonel Halkett's company on nth October 1629.
Captain Halkett was succeeded (having left his company) by James Henderson
on 30th December 1639.

7 John Kirkpatrick, previously lieutenant of Colonel Balfour, received a com-
mission as captain in place of Captain Orrock, deceased, on 24th October 1631.
He became sergeant-major, by appointment given by H.H. in the army on
the Noortgeest, on 25th June 1638; lieut. -colonel, 7th March 1639, and colonel


James Balfour 1 Thomas Levingston 2

on the 21st of October 1639. He distinguished himself at Hulst in 1645. Was
appointed commander-in-chief between Bergen and Steenbergen in 1669 ;
governor of Bois-le-Duc in 1670, and sergeant-major-general of the army in
1672; retaining the command of his regiment from 1639, to his death in 1682.

The Resolutions of Holland contain the following :

' 1683. Jan 21st. — Report of committee conform their instructions of Aug. 22d
last on Petition Johannes Constable, representing the heirs ofjohan Kirckpatrick,
ex-Gov. of Bois-le-Duc, stating, that in 1672, when the French with 3 armies
threatened the town unexpectedly, and it therefore being in great peril, calling
for incessant work on the fortifications not only by the militia, but by citizens and
inhabitants of all ages, the council of war, with consent of the local Government,
decided to stop for 4 weeks the inning [sic, levying] of excises and imposts, as an
inducement and encouragement ; that on Nov. 23, 1673, Gov. Kirckpatrick (who
had only approved of this measure on account of the serious circumstances) was
summoned by the lessees (of said excises and imposts) as a private individual for
the am't of their losses, and that by default the council of state condemned him
to pay; that the said Gov. K. had appealed to T.H.M. , who, on report of
the committee of Jan. 23, 1676, and on advice of H. H., had prevented the
execution during the life of said Gov. K. ; but that now he was dead, the said
lessees had promptly attached his property; that on Feb. 18th, 1682, the said
council had suspended the said execution, awaiting T.H.M.'s decision, which
could not be taken without the co-operation of this Province, requesting there-
fore its consent to the release of the inheritance from this attachment. Res. : That
though Governors or Commanders of towns or places had no authority to dispose
of the revenue, with or without the consent of a Council of War, and the said
Gov. K. had therefore been justly sentenced ... in consideration of the great
difficulties he had to contend with in 1672, the dangers to which the town was
exposed, and that the said Gov. K. acted entirely in accord with the council of
war and the local authorities, and that only he personally has been sentenced, to
allow, in the Generality, that the am't of the said condemnation shall be
courteously refunded to his heirs, without thereby establishing any precedent

Douglas notes that Alexander Erskine, 4th Earl of Kelly, married: 1. Mary,
daughter of Colonel Kilpatrick, governor of the Bush in Holland, by whom he
had only one daughter, Lady Anne, married to Sir Alexander Erskine of Cambo,
Lord Lyon, and had a numerous issue.

1 James Balfour, son of Colonel Balfour, succeeded Mungo Hamilton on 24th
February 1633. Colonel Bartholomew Balfour had a younger son, James, a
captain in Holland.

2 Thomas Livingston succeeded Patrick Murray (deceased) on 23d March
1635, became sergeant-major 6th September 1639 (Kirkpatrick's regiment) ;
lieut. -colonel nth June 1660; was dead by 19th July 1673, when he was
succeeded by his ensign, Thomas Livingston (his son, afterwards Lord Teviot).
Sir Thomas Livingston of Newbigging, created a baronet by Charles I., ' obtained
a commission,' says Douglas in his Peerage, 'in one of the Scotch regiments in
the service of the States of Holland, where he settled, and by his valour and
merit rose to the rank of a colonel, and had the command of a regiment of

1636] STATES OF WAR 325

Het regiment van den Colonnel Davidt Pitcarn
James Levingston, Baron d'Amont J I Davidt Robbertson dit Coller

De Compagnie Colonnelle "Walther Schot 2
L l Col. George Coutes John Levingston 3

S fc Major Philips Balfour Alexander Murray 4

foot [sic]. He married a daughter of the famous and eminent Colonel Edmund,
a Scotchman, and native of the town of Stirling, with whom he got a very con-
siderable estate, and had issue, two sons: I. Sir Thomas, afterwards Viscount
Teviot ; 2. Sir Alexander Livingston.' These both served in the Brigade.

1 Sir James Livingston served as lieutenant in the company of his brother,
Sir Henry Livingston, in 1618 (see letter of Magistrates of Tiel in reference to his
debt, p. 296).

Sir James Livingston, younger son of Alexander, 1st Earl of Linlithgow,
was appointed lieut. -colonel of Sir David Balfour's regiment in November 1629,
and on 30th December 1633 appointed colonel in succession to the Earl of
Buccleuch, deceased, thus being transferred. He was created Lord Livingston
of Almond in 1633, and Earl of Callander in 1641. In 1640 (5th November) Sir
Philip Balfour was appointed colonel in his place, his regiment being declared
vacant through his absence. He was one of the generals of the army of the
Scottish Covenanters ; led one division in the advance on Newcastle in 1640 ;
commanded the reserve army sent into England in 1644, and the force which
besieged Newcastle, and was lieutenant-general of the Duke of Hamilton's army
defeated by Cromwell at Preston in 1648. He died in 1672. He was, however,
regarded with some jealousy on account of his connection with Montrose at the
time of 'the Cumbernauld Band.' Baillie refers to 'his inflexibility to serve
against Montrose,' and at the time of the encampment on Dunse Law writes,
' The place of L* Gen. was destinate for Almond, in whose wisdom and valour
we had but too much confidence ; yet in the time of our most need the grievousness
of his gravel, or the pretence of it, made him go to France to be cutted ; always
when he came there, it was found he needed not incision, so he past to his charge
in Holland, where to us he was as dead in all our dangers.'

2 Walter Scott, previously ensign of the Earl of Buccleuch's company,
succeeded Captain William Douglas, deceased, on 29th November 1629 ;
sergeant-major (Sir P. Balfour's), 8th February 1641 ; lieut. -colonel, 1649;
colonel, 27th March 1655 ; retired before 1st April 1673, when he was succeeded
by Henry Graham.

'Colonel Walter Scott of Balweary,' says Douglas in his Baronage, 'betook
himself to a military life, and rose to the rank of a colonel in the army, but never
married. Some little time before his death he sent over from Holland to Sir
John Scott of Ancrum, Bart., the seal of the family of Balweary with a letter
acknowledging him to be the heir male, which is still preserved. ' Colonel Scott
was thus the representative of the famous wizard, Michael Scott.

3 John Livingston was appointed (p. 354) in the company of his father, Sir
Henry Livingston, 1628 ; succeeded John Sempill, who had left his company, on
14th January 1630; became sergeant-major, and lieut. -colonel 4th December
1640 (Sir P. Balfour's regiment). He was dead by nth May 1649, when he was
succeeded by Walter Scott as colonel, and by Sir William Fleming as captain.

4 Alexander Murray succeeded his captain (John Bellenden, deceased, who had,


George Lauder l | Henry Ecklin 2

on 2nd December 1630, succeeded Captain Kinninmond, deceased) on 8th July
1 63 1. He was succeeded by Everwyn Kirkpatrick on 19th November 1646,
having retired.

1 ' The ingenious Colonel George Lauder,' the soldier-poet, was a younger son
of Lauder of Halton in Mid-Lothian, his mother being Annabella Bellenden,
his father's second wife. — The Grange of St. Giles, by Mrs. J. Stewart Smith. He
was laureated at Edinburgh in 1620, and survived to 1670. He was the father
of Lieut. -Colonel Lauder, who served in the same regiment in 1672, and of
Lieut. -General George Lauder, who succeeded to the command after Killie-
crankie, and commanded the regiment in Marlborough's campaigns. His whole
family served in the Brigade, and five sons fell in the service of the States.
(Petition by General Lauder, see vol. ii.) George Lauder distinguished himself
at Calloo and on the island of Funen in the expedition to the Baltic in 1659,
and was presented by the King of Denmark with a gold chain and his portrait in
diamonds. He received his commission as captain in 1634, and became Lieut. -
Colonel of Scott's regiment in 1657. A George Lauder, possibly himself upon
a new appointment, or a son, also received a company in 1654.

The motto appended to many of his poetical pieces was, ' Stmt artibus arnia
decori,' and his best-known poem is the elegy on the death of his friend and
fellow-poet Drummond of Hawthornden, which contains the lines,

' Here Damon lies, whose songs did sometimes grace
The murmuring Esk ; may roses shade the place ! '

He was the author of the following :

' A Valedictory Poem on leaving Scotland in 1622.'

' The Soldier's Wishe,' 1628. ' The Scottish Souldier,' 1629. * Wight,' 1629.

1 Tears on the Death of Evander.' Hague, 1630.

' Aretophel, or a Funeral Elegy on the death of . . . Colonel . . . the
Earl of Buccleuch,' by G. Lauder, captaine in the same regiment. Middelburgh.

' Tweed's Teares of Joy, to Charles, Great Brittain's king ' (on the Pacification
of Berwick, 1639). ' Caledonia's Covenant,' 1641.

' His Dog, for a New Year's Gift, to James Erskine, colonel of a Scots
regiment.' Breda, 1647.

' Mars Belgicus, or ye Funeral Elegy on Henry, Prince of Orange.' Breda, 1647.

' Damon, a Pastoral Elegy on the death of his honoured friend William Drum-
mond, of Hawthornden.' Printed 1711.

' Poem on the Death of King Charles I.' Delft, 1649.

' Achilles Auriacus, or a Funeral Elegie on the Death of William, Prince of

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