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before all other creditors, said arrest, and taken by me (in
the hearing of the widow) in sursantie 1 up till now. I humbly
inform your Lordships, etc., for your more particular judgment
and further proceeding in the way of wholesome justice in said
preference. — Your Lordships, etc.

(Signed) Antonius Utenhove.
3rd March 1622.

To the Council of State. (March 10, 1622.)

My Lords, — We duly received your Lordships 1 missive, with
the accompanying requests of Captain Thomas Edmond, 2 pray-
ing that he may augment his company to the number of one
hundred and fifty men. And although we find this a matter
of great importance, as being likely to form a precedent, never-
theless, at the recommendation of His Excellency, and out of
respect for the good qualities of the said captain, we have
decided not to object till further orders, provided that this
Province shall be indemnified by the Commonwealth for the
thirty men by which the said company is augmented beyond
the State of War, wherein may it please your Lordships to
inform us as to your intention, and therefore we send you
again the said requests.

By Order of the States of Holland
and West Vriesland.

At the Hague, 10th March 1622.

To the Council of State.

My Lords, — In absence of the Governor I shall not neglect,
in accordance with the letters of your Lordships, to make such
arrangements for the departure of the soldiers out of this
garrison as will, I am fully persuaded, give the householders
laid under contribution no further cause to complain of the

1 Sursantie not found. 2 See pp. 229 and 352.



340 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1622

remarks or improper notions of the same. I have also paid
punctilious attention to your Lordships 1 missive, in which it is
forbidden to respect or obey any passports, except those
granted by the States- General, His Excellency the Prince of
Orange, or Count Ernest Casimir of Nassau, Governor of
Vriesland, and in consequence I have already caused several
persons to be detained here, including English and Scots, as
well as Netherlanders, who, without being provided with
proper passports as formerly, had meant to betake themselves
to the town of the enemy, or to the Archduke. As, for
example, I have now under arrest here one Adrian Rendu,
glass merchant, from Bevuren, in Picardy, who arrived here
with two cases of Venetian glass, and having a passport from
the Archduke authorising him to import them into Holland,
but without having been provided previously for that pur-
pose with a passport from your Lordships. And as said indi-
vidual has some letters in his possession addressed to the
Ambassaders of France and Venice residing in Holland, I
thought it prudent to send herewith the said letters, with his
passports, and other letters of no importance, all together
committed here to his care.

Humbly praying that your Lordships will be pleased to
instruct me as to whether I shall permit the said individual
with his glass wares to pass into Holland.

(Signed) Walter Bruce.

Bergen-op-den-Zoom, 22 November 1622.

To the Council of State of the United Netherlands.

Captain Thomas Edmond hereby humbly intimates that he,
the petitioner, in pursuance of your Lordships 1 order and
command, sent to Scotland to arrange for bringing over
recruits to this country, by which the strength of his, the
petitioners, company might be raised from seventy to one
hundred and twenty men. Now it has come about that instead
of fifty, eighty soldiers have been brought from Scotland, and
that at excessively great expense to the petitioner. Therefore
the Lords of the State of Holland, with the advice of His
Excellency, consented to the request of the petitioner, that he



1622] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 341

should embody the said eighty soldiers in his company, and
augment its strength to one hundred and fifty men, and that
only for last summer, and said company to be employed afield.
The situation of affairs is now thus : the commissioned Coun-
cillors of the said Province of Holland, on the strength of the
said recommendation, and considering that the Province of
Holland, in her quota, would not be indemnified for the
expenses of the thirty extra soldiers, were pleased to write to
your petitioner in February 1622, and command that he must
reduce his company from one hundred and fifty to one hundred
and twenty men. And as your petitioner, having left the
field for the second time, supplied the whole company with
new clothes, and in every way prepared them for the time
when they would be in the field in active service, and it is the
case that he owes to each soldier twenty car guilders, there-
fore he, your petitioner, humbly prays and entreats that it
may please you, in consideration of what has been said, to
consent that he may keep his company at the number of one
hundred and fifty men.



To their High Mightinesses the States-General of the
United Netherlands.

Thomas Edmond, captain in garrison within the city Records of
Heusden, hereby humbly maketh known that the petitioner, states-
in pursuance of the resolution of your High Mightinesses,
and by command of the Council of State, sent to Scot-
land last year in order to bring over recruits, to increase
his company from seventy to one hundred and twenty men.
In arranging for this he spared neither trouble nor expense.
And when, at a suitable time, the order was given to him by
your High Mightinesses to bring them over, instead of fifty
he found eighty able soldiers were brought over, so that thirty
more soldiers were brought than he had instructions for, and
he, the petitioner, had not on account of that received any
transport money for these ; therefore he requests His Excel-
lency the Prince, and the States of Holland, as regards the
said thirty soldiers, whom he had caused to be brought over at
excessively great expense, and whom your High Mightinesses



342 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1622

will undoubtedly find useful in the service of the State, that it
may please your High Mightinesses to grant and consent that
he, the petitioner, may keep his company up to the number of
one hundred and fifty instead of one hundred and twenty men.
Whereupon their High Mightinesses, with the knowledge and
advice of His Excellency the Prince, were pleased to grant to
him, the petitioner, and consent, that during the past summer
his, company would be reckoned as kept up to the number of
one hundred and fifty men, and he would receive payment
accordingly, and trusting to this he, the petitioner, spent a
remarkably large sum of money in buying clothes for the
eighty new soldiers brought over, as they were naked and bare,
and in getting them into order and providing them with arms,
in order that they might serve the country (and, without boast-
ing, he hopes that he has maintained his company in as good
order for the Lands 1 service as any captain could do). This
being the case, the Commissioned Council of State of Holland,
in accordance with the recommendation of their High Mighti-
nesses, were next pleased to write to your petitioner, in Feb-
ruary 1622, and order him to reduce his company from one
hundred and fifty to the number of one hundred and twenty
men. And the soldiers having been out in the field, owing to
their camping out late in the year, and the continued bad
weather, their clothes were rotted and worn out, and to such a
degree that your petitioner, on coming into garrison, immedi-
ately provided them again with new clothes, and thus he is
out of pocket for each soldier more than twenty car guilders.
Moreover, during the time the said company was encamped
afield, he had not been able to deduct one stuiver from their
pay. In like manner, during the great cold and continued
frost, they had to be paid their wages in full. Therefore your
petitioner humbly requests and prays that your High Mighti-
nesses may, in consideration of the above statement, be pleased
to consent to his continuing his company at the number of one
hundred and fifty men, as it was at the reinforcement, so that
he may in a measure be reimbursed for what he has laid out,
and what he is in arrears to his soldiers. — By doing which, etc.
December 23. — The advice of the Council of State of the
25th of November last was read, regarding the petition of the



1624] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 343

widow of the late Colonel Sir Robert Henrissonne, to the effect
that, although the council well understand that the request of
the petitioner is of the highest importance as being likely to
form a precedent, inasmuch as almost all the pensions of such
widows have been voted in recompense for their late husbands'
services, yet, as the husband of this petitioner behaved so fear-
lessly and devotedly in the service of the country in support
and defence of the town Bergen-op-Zoom, distinguishing him-
self in opposing the first violent attack of the enemy, in
which he was severely wounded and met his death, giving to
all others so noble an example, the Council is of opinion that
it deserves to be acknowledged by generous treatment of his
widow and children, which will be left to the discretion of their
High Mightinesses, and by doing this it is evident other
captains and colonels will be stimulated to do likewise, and no
less than the said colonel, in the service of the country. And
as to the petitioner's further request for six months"' pay of her
husband, it should be agreed to give her three months"' pay.

After discussion it was resolved for the present to postpone
deciding about the pension asked for by the petitioner, but
agreed to gratify her with three months of her husband's pay.

1623, February 2. — There was read over the advice of the
Council of State, of date the 23rd of December last, regarding
the petition of the surviving widow of the late Sir Robert
Hinderson, with the resolution passed at the same time by
their High Mightinesses. After a vote taken, it was resolved to
request the Council of State to inquire if there are any vacancies
through death in the State of War, whereby the petitioner
might be l without burdening the State of War. 2

To the Council of State. (Jan. 28, 1624.)
My Lords, — Since Jeims Forme, an Englishman or Scots- Requests to
man, minister of the Holy Gospel to the regiments of one of gf"? cU of
the said nations, died here some days ago in this town, leaving
behind many and divers debts for victuals, borrowed money,
and articles borrowed from good people and burghers of this
town and elsewhere ; and they not seeing any other prospect of
getting paid, were obliged to seek it by putting in a claim on

1 Word omitted, probably pensioned. " See pp. 59, 349, et seq.



344 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1624

his arrears of pay, regarding which claim they had been credibly
informed, that they would very soon be paid. And we humbly
petition your Lordships to intercede for those people, and on
their behalf grant an order, and make a favourable provision,
which we cannot justly refuse them; and to this end we most
humbly pray that your Lordships, in your goodness, may be
pleased to make such favourable arrangement with those
responsible in the matter, that the good people shall be paid
out of the arrears of pay, so as not to awaken in them and
others terrors and disgust at the soldiery, along with evil-
speaking and disrespect towards the office of the ministry. —
Herewith, etc., Burgomasters, Aldermen, and the

Council, of the City of Nymegen.
Nymegen, the 28th January 1624.

To the Council of State. (April 13, 1624.)

My Lords, — That Aert de Voocht and Andries Spruyt,
chandler, burghers of this city, are both making valid claims
on Lieutenant-Colonel Allan Coutts, for payment of the sum
of six hundred and twenty-seven car guilders nineteen stuivers
for supplying bread and other chandler's wares, for behoof
and in support of the said lieutenant's company, during the
time it was in garrison in this town ; said claims corre-
sponding with the respective bonds given for the goods.
That the said burghers have as yet obtained no payment,
notwithstanding different applications for payment made
both to the said lieutenant-colonel and to others of his
officers. Therefore, at the request of these our burghers,
we could not neglect hereby humbly to petition and in treat
your noble Mightinesses, that since we have certain and com-
plete knowledge of the said delivery of goods, and as this
was allowed entirely by our orders, with the view of support-
ing the company, which was in need and unprovided with
money, that you may be pleased so to arrange matters, that
the said burghers be paid as they ought to be, whether out of
the pay of the said lieutenant-colonel or from other sources.
And trusting to this, etc., your noble Mightinesses"' obedient
Bailiff, Burgomasters, Aldermen and Council
of the Town Bergen-ox-the-Zoom.

Bergen-on-the-Zoom, 13th April 1624.



1 624] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 345

July 9. — Mr. Joachimi explained some points. ... In the Resolutions

of states
General



seventh place, that the King has earnestly recommended the of



person of Colonel Henderson, as well as the widow of the late
Colonel Hinderson. This will be considered in due time.

August 31. — Received a message written from Saint Croix
[Holyrood] in Scotland, on behalf of the widow of the late
Colonel Hinderson, by George Cancel, Mar. Melrose, which
will be considered in due time.

September 17. — On the petition of Anna Kirkpatrick, widow
of Colonel Sir Robert Henrisonne, to receive three months' 1 of
her husband^ pay, assigned to her by their High Mightinesses,
and for herself and her children a yearly pension ; it was
resolved to ask the advice of the Council of State about the
pension prayed for, and to despatch the order for three
months , pay on the date of the aforesaid resolution.

September 28. — The advice of the Council of State, dated
the 20th instant, was read regarding the petition of the widow
of Colonel Hinderson, to the effect that in the circumstances
of this case they are of opinion that the petition of said widow
to have a pension should be allowed and decided in her favour
as an example to other captains and colonels. And besides, in
case the resolution taken not to vote any pensions without the
knowledge and consent of the provinces may cause any difficulty
in this matter, that members of Council, and especially the
deputies, should take measures to make the said provinces
favourably disposed to the pension. After discussion it was
resolved that the deputies should write to their principals.

(Aug. 31)
Noble Lords, — On the 30th August 1624, in pursuance Reports and

of your noble Mightinesses" 1 charge, I mustered the troops Re( i uests to

J j . ° b ' r Council of

at Dodeweert, in the quarters of the Lord of Marquette, state.

and administered the oath to the new English Company of
Ramesay, referred to in your letter, and now in garrison at
Dousburch. I reviewed also in the same place six old com-
panies, the roll of which I herewith forward. Also the com-
pany of Colonel the Earl of Oxford and Livingston, to-day
accoutred with arms got from England ; but the officers of said
company have kept the equipments, pikes, and muskets, in



346



THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR



[1624



order that they might restore again those arms belonging to
the State, and which hitherto they had in use. Accordingly,
his Excellency, Prince Henry, has authorised and charged me
to take back from them all such arms, and send them to Delft.
I considered it proper to inform you regarding this. — Here-
with, etc. Jacob Croesen.
At Dodaweert, the 31st August 1624.

(April 25, 1625).
List of sick and infirm soldiers who on this, the 25th April
1625, are still in Utrecht, accommodated in the hospital, and
at the public expense. They are respectively placed opposite
their captains, thus : —

Captain Knichley . . 9 men



Captain Tubbe
Captain Edmond
Captain Cromwell
Earl of Oxford
Lieutenant-Colonel Levingston



25
22
iv.
16
19



1625. Mtmoire du Sieur Dudley Carleton, Amb r de sa Ma tl
de la Grande Bretagne a Mess™ les Estats Generaulx.

Messieurs, — Le Colonel Grey et le Chevall r Ramsey, Lieu-
tenant Colonel du Regiment de Mons r le Vicomte de Doncaster,
avec tous leurs capitaines estants licentiez par Mons r le Comte
de Mansfelt, avec charge de lever deux autres Regimens
d'Escossais, desirent a cause de la quantite des officiers de
marque, qu'ils ont avec eux, d'estre suppedites d'un des navires
de guerre de V.V.S.S. en Zelande.

En quoy ie supplie V.V.S.S. de les favorir [sic],

Dudley Carletox.



Captaines.


Captaine Willoughbie


Ser* Maj


. Prewde


;>


Clapham


Captaine


Courtney




Officers


>>


Spiye


Lieut.


Norwood


}}


Clarke


>>


Smitb


})


Corbett


))


Trefuse


S)


Gibson


>)


Gilpin


)}


Killigrevre


)>


Hollett


})


Morton


>)


Griffin


)>


Yorcke


}>


Hackluyt


)}


Couldwell


}>


Ffarren



1625] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 347



Lieut. Ffryer

,, Watkins

„ Pay ton

,, Betteridge

,, Richardson

,, Hamen

,, Standish

,, Jackson

„ Betts

, , Mathewes



Lieut. Shuborough



Ens



igne Temple
Bradley
Kennithorpe
Ascough
Bradley
Abram
Gonntrey
Powell
Raynsford



Points recommandez a Mess s les Estats. (Exhib. June 24, 1625.)

Qu'on scache le temps quand la flotte de 20 navires sera
preste, afln d'en faire estat en Angleterre, et apprester tout ce
q^y doit estre embarque icy pour Fadvancement du service.

Puisque Mess s les Estats ne se contentent pas de la proposi-
tion d'avoir certains officiers et quelques soldats hors de chaque
Compagnie (ce qui a este par ceux qui ont faict la proposition
juge tres utile pour le service et plus practicable icy sans
aucun prejudice considerable), ains persister a fournir Com-
pagnies entiers, au lieu de dix ils sont priez de prester 20
Compagnies et permettre qu'on face tout debvoir de les rendre
complettes, prenant sains au lieu de malades et volontaires en
place de ceux qui sur juste raison s^xcusent.

Qu'en cas que les compagnies nominees ayent defaut d'offi-
ciers, qu'il soit permis d'en prendre autres en leurs places.

Quon face liquidation avec les Compagnies, qu'on donne
protection aux officiers qui seront employez et a leurs femmes
et biens durant leur absence ; et quon donne acte de reprendre
les compagnies en service de FEstat a leur retour. Puisque
Mess rs les Estats sont contents de prester une compagnie de
carabins a Sa M. on desire du Cheval r Balfore Escossois, 1 lequel
s'employe volontiers ; et afin qiFil se puisse mettre en estat,
que conge luy soit donne de se retirer avec sa Compagnie en
garnison, et que quelques navires convenables soyent ordonnez
a prix raisonnable pour le transport de la d te Compagnie, Que
le Capitaine Omkrys, Ingenieur, soit mande icy, et que Mess s
les Estats soyent contents d'employer sur leurs navires matrossess

1 See also p. 367.



348 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1625

(comme leurs Deputez ont promis) pour servir selon les occa-
sions a Tartillerie.

Que prompte resolution soit prise afin de mettre le tout
aussy tost en execution.

[On the demand of the King, a certain number of English
and Scots troops in the Netherlands passed for some time into
the service of the King.]

June 20. — Sur la nouvelle proposition du S r Dudley Carleton,
chevalier Ambassadeur du Roy de la Grande Bretagne, ensemble
du General Cecil et du chevalier S* Leger faite en Tassemblee
des S rs Estats Generaux des Provinces Unies, a este accorde
qu'au lieu des dix comp es presentees par lesd s S rs Estats, et du
choix des cincq musquettaires de chaque comp e demandez par
les d ts S rs Carleton, Cecil et S 1 Leger, il sera permis aux officiers
mis sur la liste icy attachee et signee par leur Greffier, a scavoir
aux sept capitaines, dix huit Lieutenants, et six enseignes, de
se rendre pour Tespace de trois mois de paie, suivant Tordre
du pays, au service et solde de Sa d te Maj 6 de la Grande
Bretaigne, entendans leurs Seigneuries, que cependant les places
des d s officiers leur demeureront, et qu'ils ne prendront aucuns
soldats avec eux.

Comme aussi qu'il sera permis a une compagnie carabins de
s'emploier au service et solde de sa d e Ma t6 , reservans toutesfois
a ulterieure deliberation, si ce sera la Comp' 6 du Capitaine
Balfour ou une autre.

Consentans en outre que les d ts officiers s"embarquent dans les
vaisseaux de vingt, qui seront les premiers prests pour aller a
Pleimouth.

Quant a Pachapt de deux mille Corselets, puisque les Maga-
sins selon Topinion de leurs Seig ies en sont garnis, elles sont
contantes que Tachapt s'en face, Comme aussi que les d ts S rs
Carleton, Cecil et S* Leger facent emporter les dix pieces de
fonte, appellees dragues par eux achaptees. Mais pour le
prest de six autres, puis quelles appartiennent a Mons r le
Prince d'Orange, leurs Seig ries n'en peuvent disposei\

Ainsi fait en Fassemblee des d 8 S rs Estats Generaux a la
Haye, le xx de Juin 1625.

S. v. Haeksolte, pr-



1626]



RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC.



349



Annexa. (Exhib. June 21, 1625)
Dese lyste is geaccordeert



Capptaines
O Sprye

,, Gibson

,, Killiegrewe

„ Morton

,, Willoughbie

,, Yorke

,, Clappam

L* Bhuborough
Ensign Temple
,, Carleton
,, Abram
,, Countrey
„ Howell
,, Kaynsford



Officers
L* Norwood
,, Prefase
,, Gilpin
„ Orifkin 1
,, Hakluywe
,, Warren
,, Ffryer
,, Watkins
,, Sibsporpe
,, Betteridge
„ Kirgardhome
„ Ogle
„ Hamen
,, Standish
„ Gackhome
,, Betts
,, Mathewes



1626, January 30. — After discussion on the petition of Resolutions
Mrs. Anna Kirpatrick, widow of the late Colonel Sir Robert Qener^ S "
Henrisonne, in consideration of the fact that her husband
aforesaid stood out devotedly in face of the enemy at Bergen-
op-Zoom in the service of the Land, the sum of three hundred
guilders annually, during the whole of her life, is voted to
the said widow.

May 19. — The resolution of January 30th last, taken on the
petition of the widow of Colonel Sir Robert Henrisonne for a
pension, having been received, it was resolved that, instead of
three hundred guilders voted to her then, a pension of five
hundred guilders annually for life, commencing on this date,
be assigned to her, as now it is hereby assigned.

May 22. — In regard to the petition of the widow of Colonel
Hindersonne, that the pension of five hundred guilders per
annum, voted to her on the 19th instant, shall be settled on
her children, and shall commence from the date of her hus-
band's death, it was resolved to ask for the advice of the
Council of State.



1 Ariskin or Erskine ?



Council of
State.



350 THE THIRTY YEARS' WAR [1626

June 5. — The advice of the Council of State, in regard to
the widow of Colonel Henderson, of date the 30th of May last,
was read, to the effect that the pension of five hundred guilders
per annum voted to said widow is purely gratuitous and a
favour, and ought thus to continue for her lifetime only, but
that its commencement should be allowed to date from the
time of her husband's death. After discussion and considera-
tion of the fact that the said widow has already before this
drawn twelve hundred guilders, the aforesaid resolution of 19th
May last was adhered to, and accordingly it was resolved that
said pension shall continue during the lifetime of the said
widow only, and commence on the 19th of May last.

Recommendation of Rev. George Clerk.

Sept. 25, 1626.
Requests to My Lords, — Dominus Georgius Clerus, a minister of God's

Word, with churches and congregations of the English and
Scottish nations at Bergen-op-Zoom, has intimated and
declared to us that he intends to address himself to your
Lordships to make a request to you, not only for subsidy and
augmentation of his yearly stipend ; but at the same time to
complain about some English captains, here in garrison, to the
effect, that they withhold from him, [and] refuse to pay and
supply him monthly with such sums as they ought and are
bound to pay to him ; and that he is not so well used nor paid
by them as the ministers in other towns and places, where
men of the same nation are in garrison, and also seeing that
his predecessors, in whose place he was appointed, had been
recompensed differently, and consequently he being (under
correction) of no inferior condition ought to be treated the same;
and with that end in view he has requested from us writings
and letters of recommendation dealing with the matter. And



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