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in addition, taking into consideration that during his residence
here we have never hitherto had any other rumour or report
but that he has conducted and comported himself as an
honourable young man, and that he has done nothing out of
keeping with his ministerial office, but always conducted him-
self in a way becoming a minister of God's Word, and as he
ought to do. Therefore we most obediently pray and entreat


that it may be your Lordships' 1 good pleasure to dispose
favourably of the request and remonstrance of the said Dom.
Georgij, that thereby he may obtain contentment and some
satisfaction. And also hoping that our recommendation may
bear some fruit in his favour. — Herewith, etc.,

Bailiff, Burgomasters, Aldermen, and Council of the
City Bergen-on-the-Zoom Aforesaid.

At Bergen-on-Zoom, 25th September 1626.

Feb. 6, 1627.
My Lords, — We have received your Lordship's missive,
with the petition of Captain James Lindsay and some annexed
documents. Since your Lordships have not thought proper to
dispose of the prayer of the petition without previously
obtaining our advice, therefore in accordance with your request
we have seen and examined the said petition and annexed
documents ; and having well and ripely weighed the contents
thereof, and having found the same to be genuine, it appears
to us (subject to the decision of your Lordships), that said
request by the said Captain Lindsay, in that respect, and for
other reasons and considerations, may well be agreed to (as far
as your Lordships are concerned), and he may now consequently
be allowed, after previous legal proclamation, to solemnise a
legal marriage with Miss Ysabelle Moubray. And returning
herewith the said petition and annexed papers to your Lord-
ships, etc. — Your Lordships 1 good friends,

The President and Councillors of the High
Council of Holland, Zealand and Friesland.

At the Hague, 6th February 1627.

Feb. 22, 1627.
Noble Lords, — We informed your Lordships before this
that certain captains of the new English companies, who
have been here in garrison, decidedly refuse to pay Dominus
Georgius Clerus, minister of God's Word to the people of the
English and Scottish nations here, his monthly stipend for his
services, telling your Lordships this in order that he might be
accommodated with his pay. And since nothing as yet has
come of it, no payment having been made to him. And


because (as affirmed by the said captains in an abusive manner
without ground or reasons) that they have not been rightly
served by the said Dominus Georgio Clero. Nevertheless we have
ample knowledge, and are fully convinced, that the said Clerus
comported himself in his services and conversation as becomes
a servant of God's Word, and as he ought to do ; and we have
never heard a word to the contrary, so that nothing else can
be surmised, except that their evil reports arise from hostility to
his person, and serve as a pretext for not paying him ; although
the said officers had been in the habit of paying for two or
three months. Therefore we felt ourselves a second time com-
pelled earnestly to beseech your Lordships, for the sake of
religion, that the complaint of the said Dominus Clerus be put
an end to, and the arrears of his stipend paid in full ; whereby
great favour and kindness will be shown to the said Clerus.
And trusting to this, etc.,

Bailiff, Burgomasters, Aldermen and the Council
of the City of Bergen-on-the-Zoom.

Resolutions May 11. — The request of Captain Mongo Hamilton 1 that

General 8 the P ens i° n °f one hundred guilders, settled on the life of his

wife, Hester Sideniske, may be settled on the life of Elizabeth
van Duinen, was refused.

The request of the said Hamilton to enter the service of
the King of Denmark, and for that purpose to have leave of
absence, was also refused.

May 21. — The request of Captain Mongo Hamilton to enter
the service of the King of Denmark, while retaining his post
here, was refused, as being contrary to the regulations of the

June 4. — A letter received from the King of Great Britain,
written on behalf of Captain Mongo Hamilton, to the effect that
he may be permitted to enter the service of the King of Den-
mark, as sergeant-major of a Scottish regiment, which also
Mr. Buchneer earnestly recommended, even though pay should
not be given him during; his absence. But it was resolved not to
consider the matter, in accordance with the fixed and inviolable
resolution against this formerly taken regarding absent officers.

1 See p. 70.


June 16. — The advice of the Council of State is to be asked
in regard to the request of Margaret Davidson, widow of Cap-
tain Andrew Donalson, to have an appointment for her son.

July 10. — Resolved to ask the advice of the Council of State
in regard to Mrs. Johanna Turck, widow of the late Captain
Henry Levigston 1 [sic], requesting that her three sons may
receive appointments, each on monthly pay, in the company
of their late father or some other.

July 23. — As the Council of State advised that the request
of the widow of Levingston, made on the 10th instant, to have
her three sons appointed to a company, would be a matter of
importance as a precedent, their honours refused it.

Report jrom before Groll.

Augt. 2nd, 1627.

Noble Mighty Lords, — . . . Those within kept up a hot Requests to
musketry fire both night and day, but did little damage. g? u t ncil of
Yesterday Drummond, 2 sergeant-major of Colonel Brog, was
shot in the head, and mortally wounded. . . . — Your Hon.
Mightinesses obedient, (S.) R. Huyghens p. de Roovere.

The army before Groll, on this the 2nd of August ] 627.

To the Hon. etc. Lords Councillors of the States of
these Provinces. (May 27, 1628.)

My Lords, — As I understand from your missive, that you Requests sent
have learned that my company is neither properly armed nor *° states* 1
my soldiers well clothed, let it serve for answer, that the com-
plaint is too general, and made without a vestige of truth in
it ; and that my company is as well provided with weapons
and men as any private company in these Provinces, which
may be said without boasting, as will appear from ocular
demonstration at the review. Then in regard to the clothing
of the soldiers, I cannot answer as to that part of the com-
plaint, as they draw their full pay, and have nothing to com-
plain of in my conduct towards them. But it is no wonder
that the clothes of my soldiers are not so good as it is desirable

1 See p. 69. 2 See p. 230.


they should be, seeing they have dwelt so long in such an in-
convenient, difficult, and objectionable locality, the inconveni-
ence and misery of which are sufficiently known, out of which
were they once removed, and led to another place more suit-
able to those of my nation, the said soldiers would be as well
provided with clothing as those of any other company. I have
thus far done as much as I could for my company. — Here-
with, etc. — Your Hon. Mightinesses" 1 obedient servant,

(Signed) Pitcairx.
At Rees, 7th May 1628.

June -&, 1628.

My Lords, — I dulv received your missive of the 3rd June, in
which your Lordships are pleased to commission me to sell to
the highest bidder the horses of the two servants, belonging
to the company of the Cavalry Captain Carrie, and also the
one discovered by me, in the company of Cavalry Captain
Edmond, at the last muster held by me on the 23rd May.

I received later another missive from your Lordships of the
16th inst., from which I learn that Cavalry Captain Edmond
had been summoned before 3'ou, and excused himself by saying
that it is difficult to procure troopers in these times, par-
ticularly among the carabineers, and that the}- must employ
all kinds of artifice in order to promote the public service ; or,
that they must receive men under the pretext that they are
taking them into their own private service, in order in that
manner to get them into the company. Whereupon your
Lordships were pleased to order me to write you my advice
as to this. Let me add therefore for your information, with
all submission, that in present circumstances it is really difficult
to obtain horsemen, both in the case of the cuirassiers and in
that of the arquebusiers ; nevertheless, not to such an extent
that it is needful to resort to such practices (as they know
too well) as are alleged by the Cavalry Captain Edmond.
However, I believe, yea also find, that such things do happen
to some, who are either their relations or servants, who have
served them well in private, but are without means to mount
themselves. They provide them with horses and weapons,
and manage to get paid in the course of time, so that they


have every opportunity for said artifices in the case of such
troopers or servants. EdmoncT* quartermaster likewise de-
clared to me that he intends to act in that way ; also Jan
van Maurick, corporal under Captain Carrie, intends to proceed
in a similar manner, as the servant is his nephew. Indeed,
your Lordships, in your great wisdom, may well conclude that
much fraud can be committed under this cloak. As to myself,
I judged the said servants from their own words, because they
declared that the horses belonged not to them but to their
masters. Now as to why I did not retain the servant of the
quartermaster with the horse, according to your written in-
struction, referred to in my former letter, I did not, because
as soon as I ordered the servant to give up the horse he bolted,
and hid himself among the people, and still gives the camp a
wide berth. Your Lordships were also pleased to order me
to retain the horse on which the quartermaster's servant was
mounted if not already sold. Well, I sold both it and the
other two horses in one lot a day previously for the sum of
thirty pounds Flemish, from which must be deducted the ex-
penses of the horses' livery, and also the liverymaster's wages
for the one with a tumour on the neck, for the quartermaster's
horse was not thought much of, as it had strangles badly, and
he had himself tried to sell it before then.

This is the substance of what I have to inform your Lord-
ships regarding these matters ; therefore I humbly pray you
to direct me how to employ the money received. I am often
requested by certain of the magistracy here, and also by others,
to recommend the business of the said cavalry most favourably
to your Lordships, in order that favour may be bestowed
on them. Also this example has produced panic enough
among the cavalry. But as such a recommendation does
not come well from me, I at once leave such matters to the wise
judgment and good discretion, etc. — Your Hon. Mightinesses
servant, (signed) Christiaex tee Spycken.

At Nymegen, the & June 1628.

June 12. — There was read over the resolution taken last Resolutions of

Saturday with reference to the disbanding of the four Scottish 2f s !f, tes "
j o General.


regiments 1 which came from Staden under General Morgan, and
it was also mentioned that Secretary Gunter has requested
that these regiments shall be still retained for a period of three
weeks, he being satisfied that the payment for their main-
tenance and service during this time would be reckoned as
a deduction from the amount of succour promised to His
Majesty the King of Denmark. After discussion it was re-
solved and agreed to to have the said regiments disbanded
at the place where they are in garrison by a Commissary of
Muster; and considering that the disbanding cannot be pro-
perly carried out unless their claims were first satisfied and
their maintenance and services since the day when they came
into garrison till the day of their being disbanded were paid,
the said Commissary shall be given letters patent to Philippo
Calandrini at Amsterdam, summoning him to pay for the said
maintenance ; and in case the said Calandrini should refuse,
the said Commissary shall, notwithstanding, in the last resort,
betake himself to Harderwyck, Elburgh, and Hattum, these
being the towns where the said Scots are in garrison, and
request the magistrates of these towns to advance the money
for the said support and services, promising that the Receiver
Doubleth shall speedily refund to them the money, or give
them bills of security ; and for this purpose he is also to be
furnished with letters to the several magistrates aforesaid.

October 17. — The petition of Johanna Turck, widow of the
knight Sir Henry Leveston, 2 to have her three sons — John,
James, and Alexander Leveston — appointed to the company
of their late father, now commanded by Patrick Murray. It
was, after discussion, resolved to refer to the Council of State
for their advice.

November 24. — The advice of the Council of State, adopted
on the 31st of October last, in regard to the petition of the
widow of the late Captain Henry Leveston, that her three
little sons may be appointed to the company of their late

1 These regiments had apparently been serving in Denmark. Transfers from
the service of one power to another were not uncommon, and there are other
allusions to troops intended for service on the Baltic or in Germany passing
through the Low Countries and even being temporarily in Dutch pay.

2 See pp. 69 and 353.


father, was read, giving the same advice : that, owing to the
danger of its serving as a prece.dent, the petition cannot be
considered. After discussion, however, their Lordships resolved
hereby to authorise the Council of State to give JohnLeveston,
the petitioner's eldest son, an appointment in the company of
Patrick Murray.

December 6. — The President communicated to their High
Mightinesses a letter from Johan de Kesseler, written at Brussels
on November 25th last, and addressed to Gerrardt van Berckel,
Mayor of Rotterdam, regarding the proceedings instituted
and carried on before the Court of Brabant, sitting at The
Hague, by John Waddel, a captain in the service of their High
Mightinesses, against the Countess of Megen, as possessing his
mortgage bonds, and as mother and guardian of her son, Albert
de Croy, being a minor, future Count of Megen, residing at
Brussels, and summoned by edict. After discussion, it was
resolved to place this letter, with the additional documents,
in the hands of the Court of Brabant, to examine and give
advice about them as soon as possible, as they know that
there is periculum in mora.

December 9. — Received a missive from the Supreme and
other Courts of Brabant, written in The Hague on the 8th
instant, containing a reply to the missive of their High Mighti-
nesses of the 6th instant, and advice in regard to a letter of
Johan de Kesseler, Lord of Marquette, written to Gerard van
Berckel, Mayor of Rotterdam, concerning the proceedings of
Captain John Waddel, instituted and continued before them,
against the Countess of Megen, as possessing the mortgage
bonds of the said Waddel, and as mother and guardian of her
son, Albert de Croy, being a minor, Count of Megen, residing
at Brussels. After discussion, it was resolved to let justice
have and take its course.





1626, December 21. — A petition having been presented by a
Scottish nobleman named William Douglas, 1 in which he asks
for a patent for guns, with which one trooper will be able
to shoot as many times as six do now. Also for a pike,
which can be used to do the work both of a musketeer and a
pikeman ; and for some other inventions. It is resolved that
Controller van der Mylen shall examine the said inventions ;
and if they are good and something new, that a patent for
them is to be given.

December 28. — Controller van der Mylen having reported that
William Douglas has no samples of the articles invented here,
but that he requests to have trustworthy persons indicated to

1 Captain William Douglas succeeded Sir Walter Bruce in command of his
company on ist June 1627. He was dead before 29th November 1629, when he
was succeeded by Walter Scott.

Sir Thomas Urquhart in his Eskubalauron thus refers probably to this
Captain Douglas : ' A great many other worthy colonels, amongst which I
will only commemorate one, named Colonel Douglas, who to the States of
Holland was often times serviceable in discharging the office and duty of general
engineer ; whereof they are now so sensible, that to have him alive again, and of
that vigour and freshness in body and spirit, wherewith he was endowed on the
day he was killed on, they would give thrice his weight in gold, and well they
might, for some few weeks before the fight in which he was slain, he presented to
them twelve articles and heads of such wonderful feats for the use of the wars
both by sea and land to be performed by him, flowing from the remotest springs
of mathematical search and those of natural philosophy that none of this age

In the opinion of the Knight of Cromarty, Douglas was only surpassed by
Archimedes, and only equalled ' in this age of the Scottish nation ' by Napier of
Merchiston and the ' Admirable Crichton.'


him, by whom he can have them manufactured at his own cost,
the said Van der Mylen was authorised to provide him with
some trustworthy workmen.

1627, January 30. — With reference to the remonstrance pre-
sented by William Douglas, complaining that he cannot obtain
workmen to his satisfaction, and requesting that his inventions
may be examined ; it was resolved that the request be placed
in the hands of the Council of State, in order to hear the
opinions of officers conversant with such matters, and to dis-
pose of the business.

March 2. — The advice of the Council of State was read,
dated the 27th February last, with regard to the petition of
William Douglas, a Scottish nobleman, and in accordance with
this advice it was resolved that a patent be given him for the
period of twenty years, to the effect that no one is to be
allowed in this country to imitate, sell, or trade in his newly
invented contrivances, fifteen in number, on penalty of for-
feiture of such articles, and in addition, a fine of one thousand
guilders, to be applied in the way usual in such cases, always
provided that said contrivances are new inventions, never
before used in these Lands, and that they shall be brought
into working order within a year from this date. And, inas-
much as the said inventor is asking a grant, in the first place
for the invention of a new kind of gun, with which one soldier,
infantry or cavalry, can fire as many shots as six soldiers with
ordinary guns, there was allowed a premium of five thousand
guilders ; and in the second place, the invention of a pike, with
which a soldier can do the work not only of a pikeman, but
also of a musketeer, a like premium of five thousand guilders.
For the third invention — of a foot-carriage [?] by means of
which one soldier can take the place or do the work of a hun-
dred musketeers — a premium of twenty thousand guilders.
And for the fourth invention — a horse-carriage, by means of
which, with the assistance of one person and two horses, the
work of two hundred cuirassiers can be performed — a life
premium of twenty thousand guilders. And inasmuch also as
the said inventor has requested a monthly pay of five hundred
guilders till his inventions are completed, and seeing a part of
the army is to be armed with the aforesaid new weapons, it


was resolved that he be provided with maintenance, at the said
monthly pay. It was after discussion thereanent agreed and
resolved, in accordance with the aforesaid advice, that the
inventor must manufacture his contrivances at his own cost,
and thereafter should they answer to his representations of
them, he is to be complimented in the manner he requests ; he
being allowed three months for making proof of them. And
should they be approved of and completed to the satisfaction
of their High Mightinesses, his pay shall commence and be
paid from that time, it being also understood that he shall not
communicate his inventions to any one other than the King of
Great Britain, from whom he declares he has already received
a patent.

April 8. — William Douglas having offered to produce an
invention, by which at any time three shots can be fired with
artillery with as much facility as one shot is now, on condition
of his receiving for it a premium of five thousand guilders,
it was resolved to obtain the advice of the Council of State
about it.

April 13. — The Council of State advises, with reference to
the petition presented by William Douglas on the 8th inst.,
that if his intention to fire three shots with a cannon as
quickly as one shot is now fired be found practicable and
serviceable for the country, the prize of five thousand guilders
shall be granted to him. But it was not found advisable to
enter into this matter, and it was only agreed to grant him a

April 21. — At the request of William Douglas to have com-
missioners to examine his work, Messrs. van Noortwyck and
Vosberg were appointed such.

April 24. — Messrs. Van Noortwyck and Vosberg, having
seen yesterday the trial made by William Douglas of the quick-
firing of the cannon, namely, three shots against one, reported
that he fired five shots in the time in which with other guns
only two were fired. Whereupon it was resolved that the said
Douglas should make another trial in presence of His Ex-
cellency and commissioners from the Council of State; and
this done, that then the Council of State should inquire and
advise what advantage could be obtained from the said inven-


tion for the country, and what ought to be done with regard
to the inventor.

May 17. — The advice of the Council of State was read, of
date the 14th inst., with reference to the business of William
Douglas, to the effect that he had made another trial of his
quick-firing in presence of His Excellency and a member of
the Council, and that he be allowed to make yet another trial,
at the country's expense, of having two cannons cast, the one
joined to the other, according to his plan. That they should
also give him leave to make an instrument, as his design is, for
using this quick-firing method on ships. And that, these
inventions being proved and found good, recompense be given
to him according to the promise made. After discussion
thereanent, it was resolved to authorise the Council of State
to dispose of the matter as they may think advantageous for
the country.

1628, January 22. — With reference to the request of Cap-
tain Douglas to be paid, according to the resolution of March
2nd, 1627, for the new muskets invented by him, it is resolved
that the Council of State shall attend to this.

February 16. — Regarding the complaint of Captain Douglas
that the contract which the Council of State made with him is
not kept, it is agreed to look up former resolutions, and that
in the meantime Mr. Walta shall speak to the Council of
State about the keeping of the said contract.

March 18. — Messrs. Nobel or Schagen, Walta, and Schaffer
were appointed commissioners to confer with His Excellency
about the case of Captain Douglas; and the said Douglas
shall be permitted to hand in a statement of the sums due to
him, to be placed in the hands of the Council of State, to be
disposed of by them in a proper manner.

April 8. — The resolution referring to the report on the
business of Captain Douglas was inserted in the private or
secret register.

Extracts from the Register of' the Secret Resolutions of the

April 8. — Messrs. Nobel, Walta, and Schaffer, commissioned
on March 18th last to discuss with His Excellency the case of


Captain Douglas, reported that he is willing to undertake to
sink the enemy's ships in ' Het Scheurtge, 1 and also to set the
others on fire, for the premium offered in their High Mighti-
nesses 1 proclamation issued for the destruction of the several
ships, and such compensation as their High Mightinesses and
His Excellency, in consideration of his skill and expenses
(which he will bear himself) shall consider reasonable; pro-
vided that the expenses be first refunded to him which he had

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