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the matter of the levy of cavalry, he places himself and his
company in the hands of their High Mightinesses, hoping that
they will take into consideration his services, rendered both in
and out of this country, and the services of his predecessors,
and the large claims which he abandoned to the advantage of
this country, and that all these will induce their High Mighti-
nesses not to deprive him of his company without recompence.
After discussion on this matter, it was resolved to inform the
said captain that their High Mightinesses would prefer that
he should continue in the service of this country, but that
they do not wish now to prevent him from entering the ser-
vice of His Majesty, thanking him for his services rendered
to this country, and promising him that if he should have
occasion hereafter to return, his good qualities and the services
rendered by him would be taken into very earnest and favour-
able consideration. It was also decided that his Excellency
be consulted as to whether the said company might be given
to the of Earl Backlough, so as thereby to have the pay of two
thousand guilders discontinued.



Request of W m Balfour. (Exhib. March 27.)

Aux hautes et puissentes Signeurs Mes sig s les estats
generaulx de provinces unies de paysbas.

Mes sig s , — Puisque v. ss. ne trouve pas bon de me donner
conge pour trois moi, au fin de procurer liberte de mon Roy
de returner ici a ma charge, apres m 1 avoir aquite de ces com-
mandements, il me faut obtemperer en cela, et en toute autre
chose, a vostre bonne plesir et deliberation. Et puis que le
necessite d'obeyer mon Roy me contreint de proceder en cette
leve, lequelle pouroit contribuer quelque iour au service de
ceste estat, il faut que ie submet, et moy et ma compagnie
a vos sages considerations, le quelles y'espeer que vos Sig s auront
en mon endroict, tant pour le longes annes de mon service,
en le queles ie ay tousiours contribue pour le bien et honeur d 1
ceste estate tant ici au pays que de hors, autant que persone
de ma qualite comme pourrient temoinger vos Ambassadors,



1 628] SERVICES OF SIR WILLIAM BALFOUR 375

de temps en temps envoyes en Angletere, comme ausi ie feray
encore paroitre en toutes ocasions pour vostre service, ausi
Tespere que vos considerations seront favorables en mon
endroit, au regard de bonnes servicis de mes prediseseurs, et
me grandes pretentions renonces en faveur de Testate argu-
ments pour emouoyer vos Sig s de ne me traiter si rudement
que de master ma Compagnie sans aucune compensation, ayant
tousiours ete comme ie seray a jamais. — Mes Sig s , de vos Sig s
les plus humble servitur W. Balfour.

March 27. — As Captain Balfour has resigned [the command Resolutions
of] his company it was resolved to inform the Lords of [the Q en gr al S
Provinces of] Holland about it, in order that they may proceed
to the nomination of another suitable person in his room.

July 12. — A communication was made to their High
Mightinesses of a missive written by Mr. Balfour to his Ex-
cellency on June 6th last, informing him that owing to the
report circulated about the calamity said to have befallen the
Duke of Buckingham in England, the merchants had refused
to pay the bills of exchange for the support of the twelve
thousand troopers levied for service under the King of England,
and that the States of Groningen had made said troopers
remove from their province, and requesting his Excellency to
propose some plans for the maintenance of said troops, or else
that he, along with all or a portion of them, be taken into the
service of their High Mightinesses. After discussion, it was
resolved that the President and Mr. Schaffer should confer
with his Excellency on the subject.

July 23. — Mr. Schaffer having announced to their High
Mightinesses that the States of Stad en Landen intend to
cause the one thousand troopers raised by Colonel Balfour for
service under the King of Great Britain to remove from their
province, fearing they may not be properly paid, and noticing
that their High Mightinesses do not wish to take said troopers
into their service, it was resolved, after discussion, to com-
municate with his Excellency about this matter, and Messrs.
Noortwyck and Schaffer were requested and commissioned to
do so.

July 24. — A proposal was made by the President on the



376 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1628

part of the Agent Carleton, respecting the retention of the
cavalry of His Majesty, the King of Great Britain, raised by
Balfour. It was requested by Mr. Schaffer that their High
Mightinesses should consent to the quartering of said cavalry
of the King of Great Britain, and that steps be taken and
orders issued, as was done when the infantry, which came from
Staden to Overyssel, were brought down and put into quarters ;
so as to treat the various provinces on an equal footing. After
discussion, it was resolved hereby to request and commission
Messrs. Feyt and Schaffer to summon the Agent Carleton before
them and to ascertain from him if he could give their High
Mightinesses any guarantee for the maintenance and payment
of the above-mentioned troopers, in order that this point being
cleared up, further action may be taken in the matter.

October 3. — The President announced to their High Mighti-
nesses that Captain Balfour has begged his Excellency very
earnestly that their High Mightinesses be induced to take into
their service a section of the cavalry raised by him, which His
Majesty of Great Britain intends to disband, or that at least
his company be accepted. After discussion it was resolved and
decided that this matter cannot be entered into.

October 13. — Ex-Captain Balfour appeared before the meet-
ing, and at first verbally and thereafter in writing requested,
that in consideration of the good and faithful services of his
father, his uncle, and himself, rendered in succession from time
to time to the country, he shall receive the pay of a captain
till such time as their High Mightinesses may decide to employ
hun in their service. After discussion, it was resolved to place
his written petition in the hands of the Council of State for
advice.

October 25. — The advice of the Council of State, of date the
17th inst., was read, with regard to the relation given by Sir
William Balfour on the 13th instant, at first verbally and
thereafter in writing, about the old good services which his
father, his uncles, he himself, and others of his family have
rendered to the country, together with some old documents
produced by him, putting it to the judgment of their High
Mightinesses whether these do not warrant the continuation to
him of his captain's pay ; their advice being that he be



1 634] SERVICES OF SIR WILLIAM BALFOUR 377

honoured with a gold chain, worth one thousand guilders,
more or less, and that his Excellency promise to keep him in
mind when occasion serves. After discussion, it was resolved
and decided that this matter be entrusted to the above-men-
tioned Council of State to be disposed of.

1634, April 28. — After discussion, it was resolved unani-
mously by all the provinces present, that the life-pension
hitherto paid to Sir William Balfour, amounting in all to six
hundred guilders, according to the pension-letter dated April
16th, 1615, be transferred, as hereby it is transferred, one half,
amounting to three hundred guilders annually, on the life of
Cornelia van Weede, aged about eighteen years, and the other
half, on the life of Wilhelmina van Weede, aged about sixteen
years ; and on the death of either of the aforesaid daughters,
the three hundred guilders settled solely on the life of the
deceased will cease to be paid and will revert to the country. 1



1 This pension had in 1615 been settled on the life of Sir William Balfour's
son, William Balfour (p. 255). Sir William's surviving son was named Charles,
but two others, Alexander and William, were dead before 1659 and are both
said to have served in Holland (see p. 70).

Sir William Balfour married :

(1) Helen, daughter of Archibald, Lord Napier.

(2) Isabella, d. 1 661, by whom he left :

i. Alex. Balfour, col. (?) in Dutch Army, m. El. Buenel.

ii. Wm. Balfour, served in Low Countries, d. before 1659.

iii. Chas. Balfour, m. 1665 Cicely, dau. of Sir R. Byron, att. 1689,
who left one son,Wm. Chas. Balfour, also att. by Irish Parliament
1689, and d. unmarried in 1739, leaving estate, name, and arms
to his nephew Harry Townley, son of Lucy Balfour and Blayney
Townley.

iv. Emilia Balfour, m. Alex. 4th Earl of Moray.

v. Isabella Balfour, m. 1649 John, 3rd Lord Balfour of Burleigh.

vi. Susanna Balfour, m. Hugh Hamilton, Lord Glenawley.
(Note communicated by Mr. B. T. Balfour of Townley Hall.)



378



THE THIRTY YEARS' WAR



[1623



Resolutions
>f States-

Jeneral.



EXTRACTS RELATING TO THE CLAIMS AND

SERVICES OF THE EARL OF BUCCLEUCH.

1623-1635. 1

1623, Januar 28. — Ayant este rapporte en fassemblee de
Messeig s les Estats gnlx des Provinces Unies du pays bas, par
le S r President la serieuse recommandation que de la part du
Roy de la Grande Bretagne le S r Carleton son Ambassadeur,.
luy a ce matin faict, affin que par Iceulx Seig rs Estats finale-
ment seroit resolu sur Teffectuation de ce qu'est traicte avec le
Seigneur Conte de Bachlouch, par escript. Et sur le tout
meurem* delibere, que les d 8 Seig rs Estats, requiz le d* S r
President de vouloir referer et declarer pour responce au d*
S r Ambas r de leur part, Qu'ilz sont tres-inclins pour faire
avoir aud. S r Conte contentement de ce qu'a este contracts
avec luy et quilz n'oublieront nulle occasion qui a cest effect
se pourroit offrir, et que mesmes ilz tacheront s'il est poissible
de entammer quelque traicte avec le Colonnel Brogh a son
retour, quant il reviendra d'Angleterre, et qu'ilz y contribue-
ront tout ce que sera poissible.

January 31. — Mr. Broersma reported that he communicated
to his Excellency the resolution passed by their High Mighti-
nesses in regard to the recommendation of Mr. Carleton, on



1 Upon the death of Colonel Sir R. Henderson at Bergen-op-Zoom in 1622,
Prince Maurice gave the colonelcy to his brother, Sir Francis, who had served as
lieut. -colonel. ' Sir Francis Henderson is a man well deserving the preferment,'
wrote Sir D. Carleton to the Duke of Buckingham, ' but much wrong is done to
my Lord of Bucklugh, who had a formal Act of the States for the next regiment
should fall of the Scottish nation in their service ' (August 25, 1622. St. P.
Holland.) See papers relating to the claims of Lord Buccleuch and the Earl
of Buccleuch, pp. 256-269, and especially the Act Expectative, p. 268. Also,
for a recapitulation of the transactions, the Report of the Council of State in
1635, infra, pp. 391-395-



1 623] CLAIMS OF EARL OF BUCCLEUCH 379

the part of the King of Great Britain, with reference to the
case of the Earl of Bachlouch, and that his Excellency de-
clared to him respecting it that he had doubts about the said
resolution, on account of the return of Colonel Brog. And
accordingly it was resolved to keep on offering the most
plausible reasons for delay, and to tell Mr. Carleton by word
of mouth that since the said Colonel Brog has returned and is
advanced in years, that measures are to be taken to deal with
him as considerately as possible.

[February 9, March 15, 21, April 21, May 13, petitions of
D. Carleton for satisfaction for Buccleuch. The States defer
decision, and ask the advice of the Council of State.]

June 2. — There was brought up the advice of the Council of
State, drawn up in the presence of his Excellency on the 27th
ultimo, regarding the case of the Earl of Bachlouch, to the
effect that ' the Council is of the same opinion as his Excel-
lency, namely, that, considering the great want and deficiency
at present of ready money, and that it is not usual to allow
interest on such accounts, the said earl be granted a pension
of twelve hundred guilders, to be drawn yearly, as interest for
the sum claimed, until in course of time he shall be provided
by their High Mightinesses with a regiment, or other worthy
position. Otherwise their High Mightinesses"' former resolu-
tions are to remain unmodified and entire ' ; but no steps were
taken to carry out the above.

June 12. — . . . Their High Mightinesses, by advice of the
Council of State, confirmed, and do hereby grant a pension of
twelve hundred guilders yearly [to the Earl of Buccleuch], till
an opportunity shall occur for the said earl to be provided
with a colonelcy of the Scots regiments.

June 28. — A despatch was read from Mr. Jan Clercke on
behalf of the Earl of Bachlouch, to the effect that he, having
seen their High Mightinesses 1 resolution about the arrears of
the said earl, has to say that from a sense of duty, with full
knowledge of his general's opinion and resolution, he absolutely
refuses to accept said resolution, with everything recorded
therein : firstly, because their High Mightinesses estimate his
arrears at only eighteen thousand four hundred guilders, which
differs greatly from his general's account, much more being



380 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1623

due to him ; secondly, because their High Mightinesses offer
him twelve hundred guilders per annum as interest on his
arrears, till their High Mightinesses" 1 resolution shall take
effect. Lastly, that the said earl can in no circumstances
accept an ' Expectative [Act].'

July 8. — It was resolved to send to Ambassador Caron a
copy of the resolution taken regarding the claims of the Earl
of Bachlouch, and to write to the said Caron to do all he can
to induce and recommend the said earl to accept and be
satisfied with it.

September 12. — It was resolved to write to the Commis-
sioners of their High Mightinesses, and to his Excellency,
that ' as the report is current here that Colonel Brog is dead,
and that it is true, or likely will be, they must see that no
arrangements are made about the disposal of his post, both on
account of the transactions with the Earl of Bachlouch, and
because measures must be taken to decrease the high pay of
the colonels."'

1624, July 9. — Mr. Joachimi gave some information on a
few points, and requested a resolution of their High Mighti-
nesses concerning them. And first, with reference to the East
India Company. . . . Secondly, that the Marquis of Hamilton
very earnestly recommends that the Earl of Bachlouch receive
satisfaction of his claims. This matter to be taken into due
consideration at the first opportunity.

1625, October 29. — Mr. Carleton, Ambassador of the King
of Great Britain, appeared before the meeting, bringing up
four different points for consideration. First, regarding the
Earl of Baclough [sic], requesting satisfaction for him, and pre-
senting for the same purpose a missive from the king, dated
May 12th last, in which the said case is earnestly recommended.

October 30. — There were read the previous resolutions taken
in the case of the Earl of Bachlough, in whose favour the
King of Great Britain is writing, and Mr. Carleton, His
Majesty's Ambassador, is saying all he can. After discussion,
it was resolved that the said resolutions, with the proposal of
the said Ambassador made yesterday about the same matter,
be placed in the hands of the Council of State for advice.

November 29. — It was also reported that the Duke of Buck-



1625] CLAIMS OF EARL OF BUCCLEUCH 381

ingham, and other Ambassadors of England, after holding a
conference yesterday with their High Mightinesses 1 Commis-
sioners, recommended to them the case of the Earl of Baclough,
also that of Colonel Veer, in order the latter may have pro-
motion granted him, and an increase of pay. It was resolved
thereanent to refer to former resolutions.

December 9. — The advice was read of the Council of State,
drawn up on November 28th last, in which said Council refers
to their former advice of May 28th, 1623, regarding the Earl of
Backlough, in which said Council recommended that a pension
of twelve hundred guilders yearly be granted for his claims
(broadly estimated at the sum of eighteen thousand four
hundred guilders), until he shall be provided with a regiment
or some other honourable position ; to which advice the Council
still adheres. After discussion thereanent, their High Mighti-
nesses found it better to finish the matter once for all, and see
if they could come to terms. Messrs. van Noortwyck and
Beaumont were appointed a committee for the purpose.

December 13. — The Ambassadors of England having urged
that a resolution be come to in the cases of the Earl of Back-
lough and Colonel Veer, it was resolved that both by their
High Mightinesses and by his Excellency an Expectative [Act]
be given to the said earl of the first regiment, or of the first
company of cavalry of the Scotch nation which may fall vacant,
and that the State of War be examined to ascertain whether
there cannot be found on it so many ' expired salaries , that a
pension of two thousand guilders a year, or so much less as
their High Mightinesses may determine, may be given him till
that time.

December 16. — The Commissioners of their High Mighti-
nesses reported that they, according to the wish of the meeting,
informed the Ambassadors of the King of Great Britain yester-
day that their High Mightinesses, having again by their
recommendation discussed the case of the Earl of Backlough,
resolved that by them, and also by his Excellency, an Expec-
tative Act be granted to said earl of the first company of
cavalry, or some other important command, which may fall
vacant among the Scots, and that, till that time, a pension of
two thousand guilders be granted him.



382 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1625

December 23. — The resolution of the 16th instant was com-
municated to his Excellency about the case of the Earl of
Backlough, and he was informed that the solicitor of the earl
was not satisfied therewith, and desired no other Act than he
received before, and that his Excellency might see good to
abide by said resolution. Decision on this matter was post-
poned.

1627, March 27. — Also that the Earl of Backlough demands
from their High Mightinesses and from his Excellency a new
Act to have the first Scots regiment which shall fall vacant in
the field or otherwise, and to receive in the meantime, from
the year 1625, the pension of two thousand guilders yearly.
Former resolutions about the matter are to be referred to.

Letter from the King.
Recommendation for the Karl of Backlough. (Rec. June 3, 1627.)

Hauts et Puissants Seigneurs, — Le grand desir et affection
que demonstre avoir nostre cher cousin le comte de Buccleuche
de suivre Texemple de feu son Pere en se donnant a vostre
service, Nous invite a vous renouveller la recommandation qui
vous a cy-devant este faite de nostre part en sa faveur, par la
bouche de nostre trescher cousin le Due de Buckingham, a
ceque, pour luy donner moyen de ce faire, vous le vouliez
pourvoir et luy donner brevet ou asseurance de la premiere
charge de colonnel qui viendra a vacquer, ou que vous voudrez
adjouster par nouvelle levee a ceux qui vous servent desja de
la nation Escossoise. Et en attendant qu'il vous plaise luy
donner et faire valoir la pension de deux cens livres sterling,
dont vous feites offre pour luy aud. Due nfe cousin, lors qu'il
vous requit de cest affaire. Etce, tant en consideration des
bons et fideles services que led. feu Comte de Buccleuche son
Pere a si longuement rendus a vostre estat qu'en faveur de
ceste bonne et pareille affection qui porte le courage de ce
jeune seigneur au service de vostre cause; comme aussy de la
requisition affectueuse que nous vous en faisons pour Tamour
de luy. A quoy nous promettans que vous defererez ce que
nous esperons de vous, nous prierons Dieu, Hauts et Puis-
sants Seigneurs, qu'il vous ait tousjours en sa s te garde. —
Vostre bien bon Amy, Charles R.

A nostre Palais de Westmestre, le 31 de Decembre 1626.



1 627] CLAIMS OF EARL OF BUCCLEUCH 383

The Duke of Buckingham recommends the Earl qf Baclough.
(Exhib. July 3, 1627.)

Messeigneurs, — Les merites du feu Baron de Buccleugh
peuvent assez sans mon entremise pour induire V. S. a departir
vostre faveur a son filz le Comte de Buccleugh, lVestant moins
affectionne a vostre service que feu son pere. Toutes fois
Tamitie que je luy porte et Testime que je fay de ses merites,
me font prendre la hardiesse de ramontevoir a V. S. la promesse
qu'il vous pleut me faire en son endroict du premier Regiment
de la nation Escossoise qui viendroit a vacquer au service de
V. S., ou bien du premier qui se leveroit de nouveau, et en
attendant telle occasion de luy donner une pension annuelle de
deux cent livres sterlins, dont a mon retour par deca Je rendi
compte a sa Ma 6 suivant la charge quelle nVavoit donnee en
cest endroict. Et maintenant Je supplie V. S. de luy confirmer
par vostre acte ou brevet la dicte promesse, par ou vous
obligerez le d* comte d'employer sa vie et fortune au service
de V. S. et moy d'estre toute ma vie. — Messeig rs , de V. S. tres
humble serviteur, Buckingham.

De Londres, le 30 e Janvier 1630. 1

July 3. — A missive was received from the King of Great Resolutions

Britain, and another from the Duke of Buckingham, both ° f state8 "
• • • ill General -

written in recommendation of granting the Earl of Backlough

an Act Expectative of the first Scots regiment, and meanwhile

two thousand guilders yearly. No resolution was taken with

reference to the above.

July 12. — A petition was read from Ambassador Carleton,
in which he requested that the Act promised to the Earl of
Backlouch on December 26th, 1625, may be despatched, and
that there be inserted in it the minute of resolution of July 6th,
1620, viz., that no withdrawal or repeal of the said Act may
take place. His Excellency's advice is to be asked with refer-
ence to this.

July 27. — A despatch of 18th instant was received from the
Army Commissioners, giving similar advice, and that his
Excellency might well allow an Act Expectative to be granted

1 Sic in ms. But Buckingham was assassinated in 1628, the letter produced
in 1627, and the colonelcy granted in 1629.



384 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1627

to the Earl of Backlough, if only it be made to refer to a
company of cavalry, or some other important command among
the Scots, and be not extended to a regiment. It was resolved
thereanent to despatch such an Act and hand it over to Mr.
Carleton.

August 5. — It was resolved that the pension of two thousand
guilders yearly to the Earl of Backlouch shall commence from
July 5th last, this being the date of the Act Expectative granted
to the Earl of Backlouch.

August 21. — With reference to the request of Ambassador
Carleton that the pension of two thousand guilders yearly to
the Earl of Backlouch shall commence on December 16th, 1625,
it was resolved to adhere to the resolution of the 5th instant
with reference thereto, namely, that as on December 16th, 1625,
the offer which was made was not accepted, the said pension
shall not begin on any other day than July 20th last.

September 2. — . . . That they {i.e. the commissioners of
the Army in the field) wish to speak to his Excellency in
favour of Backlouch obtaining the company of cavalry of
Monjoye, in case his Excellency wishes to dispose of it, so as
to relieve the country of the pension of two thousand guilders.

1628, November 20. — The petition was read of the Earl of
Bachlough, requesting that he, in virtue of the Act Expecta-
tive granted him by their High Mightinesses, be provided
with the first vacant colonelcy, and consequently be preferred
to all others, on condition that in that case the pension shall
cease which on July 20th, 1627, was increased from twelve
hundred to two thousand guilders. After discussion there-
anent, it was resolved and decided that the President com-
municate this petition to his Excellency, and inform him
that their High Mightinesses are willing to grant the peti-
tioner's request, so as to give effect to their public promise,
and relieve the country from a yearly pension.

November 21. — The President reported that he represented to
his Excellency that their High Mightinesses are willing to allow
the Earl of Backlough the benefit of his Act Expectative, in
order to relieve the government of their promise, and the country
of the payment of the yearly pension, amounting to the sum of
two thousand guilders, and that his Excellency considered it very



1 628] CLAIMS OF EARL OF BUCCLEUCH 385



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