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REGIMENT, COMMANDED BY LORD KINFAUNS. 1

1629-1630



Contract for enlisting a Regiment of Scots.
(March 16, 1629.)

The Ambassador Alb. Joachimi to the Council of State :

Noble and Mighty Lords, — Your Noble Mightinesses will
receive enclosed in this the contract which I have made with
the Lord High Chancellor 2 of Scotland and Earl Morton, 3
sealed and signed, with copies of a document granting permis-
sion to seize by force the Dutch captains who shall be found at
Leith and thereabouts, and be unwilling to bring over the
enlisted regiment to Holland. For which end this only serves,
etc. — Your High Mightinesses"^ very obedient servant,

Alb. Joachimi.

London, March 19th, 1629.



1 This regiment was taken into service for four months in the year 1629, pro-
bably for the siege of Bois-le-Duc. It had previously been in English pay. It
passed five months in the Netherlands, and then was disbanded or returned to
Great Britain.

2 Sir George Hay of Kinfauns, Clerk-Register, 1616, Lord High Chancellor of
Scotland, 1622, created Viscount Dupplin and Lord Hay of Kinfauns, 1627, and
Earl of Kinnoull in May 1633. He had two sons, Sir Peter Hay, who died un-
married, and George, who married Lady Anne Douglas, eldest daughter of
William, Earl of Morton, Lord High Treasurer of Scotland.

3 William, Earl of Morton (whose brother, Robert Douglas, \ perished at sea
in passing to the Low Countries, anno 1583 '), succeeded his grandfather in 1606,
and was appointed Lord High Treasurer in 1630.



1629] EARL OF MORTOiVS REGIMENT 397



Original Contract.

Aujourdhuj £ de Mars gg %[ %£ sont accordez Messire
Albert Joachimi, Chevalier, Ambassadeur aupres du Serenissime
Hoy de la Grande Bretagne, de la part des haults et puissants
Seigneurs, Messeigneurs les Estats Generaulx des Provinces
Unies du pais bas, en vertu de ses instructions qu'il a de Mes-
seigneurs du Conseil d'Estat des d tes provinces Unies, d'une
part, et nobles hommes les Seigneurs George Viscomte de
Dupline, Grand Chancelier d'Escosse, et Guilliaume Comte de
Morton et tous deux Conseilliers d'Estat du Serenissime Roj
Charles en ses Rojaumes d'Angleterre et d'Escosse d'aultre
part, des condicions suivantes.

A scavoir, Que les d ts Seigneurs Grand Chancelier et Comte
ont promis et promettent par cettes de faire transporter
d'Escosse en Hollande au service de Messeigneurs les Estats
Generaulx susd ts pour estre desbarque sur la Riviere la Meuse
en dedans le mois de Mars courant, le Regiment d'infanterie
auquel jusques ores a commande led* Seigneur Comte de
Morthon, et lequel est encores sur pied et en estat, aud fc pais
d'Escosse, renge soubs seise compag es .

Qu'aud* Regiment commandera en qualite de Colonnel Sir
George Haies, Baron de Kienfaunes, 1 etc., et aux Compagnies
les Capitaines et Officiers lesquels commandent a icelles a
present.

Que la Compagnie Colonnelle sera composee de deux cent
testes, et les autres de cent et vingt, y compris les Officiers
montans ensemble au nombre de deux mille homines, lesquels
recepvront pour leur solde chasque mois de quarante deux
jours, la somme de deux mille six cents douse libures, de
quarante gros la libure, pour la Compagnie Colonnelle, et les
aultres compagnies a Tadvenant, selon Tordre observe aux pro-
vinces Unies.

Que le transport des d ts deux mille hommes, et Tentretien
d'iceulx se fera aux despens du d* Sieur Colonnel et Capitaines,



1 Sir George Hay, Lord Kinfauns, only surviving son of the first Earl of
Kinnoull, afterwards second Earl of Kinnoull and Captain of the Yeomen of the
Guard.



398 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1629

jusques a ce qu'ils soient arrivez dans la Meuse, et y soient
desbarquez et passe moustre, laquelle se fera aussi tost qiTil
sera possible, apres que Messeig rs du Conseil d'Estat susd ts
seront acertenez de leur arrivee, et seront receus les d ts Colonnel
et Cap nes et les aultres soldats au service de Messeigneurs les
Estats des Provinces Unies, faisant le serment en tel cas
accoustume.

Qu'ausd 113 Sieurs Colonnel et Capitaines sera paie pour le d*
transport et entretien la somme de huict libures de quarante
gros la piece, pour chasque personne laquelle sera mise aux
rolles de monstere, sur laquelle so seront advances icy ausd ts
Seigneurs Grand Chancelier et Comte huict mille desd tes libures
de quarante gros.

Au jour de la moustre, commencera la solde et le premier
jour du service.

Et seront delivrees aud 1 Colonnel et Capitaines des Commis-
sions de par les Seigneurs du Conseil d'Estat susd* in forma pour
le temps de quatre longs mois de quarante deux jours chasque
mois.

En esgard de la briefvete du temps que ce service durera,
recepvront les haults officiers dud* Regiment traictement
co/s'ensuit. Le colonnel quatre cent libures de quarante gros
la piece ; le lieutenant Colonnel cent libures ; le Sergeant
Major quatre vingt libures ; le Quartierm 1 et le Prevost chascun
cinquante libures, comme dessus, chasque mois de trente deux
jours.

Et en toutes aultres choses sera ce Regiment durant son
service regie et traicte de mesmes que les aultres Regiments de
la nation Escossoise estans au service de TEstat des Provinces
Unies.

Si le Sieur Colonnel n'amene le nombre complet des deux
mille hoes au Rendevous, a scavoir en la Meuse, on luy rabatra
des deniers promis pour le transport, pour chacune personne
qu'il aura moins amene quatre libures de quarante gros,
lesquelles luj seront rabatues de la so/ promise pour le trans-
port et entretenement de ceulx qui luj seront advouez en la
monstre.

Pour faciliter le transport du d* Regiment, consent le diet
Seigneur Ambassador que les navires des Provincies Unies,



1 629] EARL OF MORTON'S REGIMENT 399

lesquels se trouveront au havre de Lith ou Fembarquement se
fera et ez environs puissent estre arrestez pour mener les com-
pagnies en Hollande, aux despens touteffois du S r Colonnel et
Captaines, et a tel pris qiTils scauront convenir avec les
maistres des navires, ou que Messeigneurs du Conseil d'Estat
des Provinces Unies jugeront raisonnables, si convenir ne
peuvent.

Et seront envoiez deux navires de guerre au diet havre de
Lith, pour servir de Convoj au diet transport Pour raccom-
plissement et entretenement desquelles condicions et de chacune
d'icelles respectivement, a le diet S r Ambassadeur oblige comme
ll oblige par cettes, ses Principaulx, et lesdicts Seigneurs
Grand-Chancelier d"Escosse, etc., et Comte de Morthon etc.
leurs personnes et biens, soubs leurs seels et subscriptions ici
mises, le jour, mois et ans que desous.

(Signed) Alb. Joachimi.

Dupline.

Morton.

Annex a I.

A tous ceulx qui ces prnts verront salut. Comme ainsi soit
que Messeigneurs les Est s Gen. des Provinces Unies aient
trouve bon, pour le bien de leur estat, de prendre en leur
service le Regim* dlnfanterie auquel jusques ores a commande
noble et excelP personnage le Seig r Guillaume Comte de Morton,
et auquel commande a present en chef Monsieur le Baron de
Kienfaunes, pour estre led. Regiment mene d'Escosse aux
Provinces Unies endedans le piit Mois de Mars, Si est ce que je
Alb. Joachimi, chavalier, Amb r aupres le Serenissime Roy de
la Gr. Bretagne mande a tous m lies de navires, subject des d ts
Seigneurs Estats, lesquels se trouveront a Lith et aux environs,
ou le dit Regiment doibt s'embarquer, et que requis en seront
qu'ils veuillent faciliter, tant qu'en eulx est, le transport du
Regim* susd. et recebvoir en leurs navires led. Seign r Baron de
Kienfaunes et ses Cap s , Officiers et Soldats, pour les rendre
d'Escosse en la Meuse, a la place qui leur sera assignee; et en
cas qu'aulcuns desd. mres de navires, inhabitants desd. Pro-
vinces Unies. entreprinsent de refuser ou de s'excuser de trans-



400 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1629

porter led. Baron de Kienfaunes et soud. regiment, ce que je ne
veulx esp r , je consens en vertu de Tauthorisation que a ces fins
nVest donnee, que tels mfs de navires puissent estre contraincts
p. arrest de leurs navires, de rendre ce service a leur patrie.
Bien en tend u qu'ils seront contentez dud. Seig r Baron de leur
fres. selon et ainsi qu'ils pourront convenir ensemble, et si con-
venir ne peuvent, selon ce que les Seig rs du Conseil d'Estat
des Provinces Unies jugeront estre raisonnable.
Faict a Londres, le xix de Mars 1629.

Annexa II.
Lyste van de naemen van de Cappiteynen van't Schotse

Regiment van den Grave van Morton, 't welck ten dienste

van den Lande sal overcomen uyt Schotlant.
[Roll of names of the Captains of the Scots Regiment of the

Earl of Morton that is to come from Scotland for the

service of the country.]



De Grave van Morton, Colonel

Lutenant-Colonnel N.

Sergeant-Maior Stuart

Capn Grey

Capn Willem Car

Capn Balantyn

Capn Hamelton

Capn Lesley



Capn Ramsay
Capn Jemes Heye
Capn Guilliam Heye
Capfi Kammel
Capn Diel
Capn M. Kammel
Capfi Uttison
Capfi Hum



Annexa III.

Extract from a missive of Ambassador Joachimi, written to
their High Mightinesses from London, 2nd April 1629.

The Lord Chancellor has been rather dissatisfied for some
days past that he did not think of making some stipulation
before the departure of the regiment, as for instance that it
should be discharged at the end of four months or that it
should be brought back to Scotland. A nobleman, come from
the Netherlands, had told him that your High Mightinesses or
the Councillors of State had resolved that half a month's salary
was to be promised to the regiments, which are to be newly
enlisted, as passage-money. His Excellency said to me that he
would just as well like the conditions, agreed upon with me,
carried out. He has received from Signor Borlamachi the



1 629] EARL OF MORTONS REGIMENT 401

accounts for the transport money, eight hundred pounds
sterling, which have been paid in partial settlement of what
the said Burlamacchi [sic] promised to the king, for the four
regiments sent to your High Mightinesses in the year 1624.
He has in his possession an order from me and a receipt from
the Lord Chancellor.

Let this contract be placed in the hands of the Council of
State to serve the purpose for which it is intended.

Corn. Musch.

Actum, 13th April 1629.

1629 April 13. — Received a missive from Mr. Joachimi
written at London on the 2nd inst., containing among other
things the intimation that the Lord Chancellor of Scotland
had received from Signor Burlamacchi, on behalf of the regi-
ment, which belonged to the Earl of Morton, on the account
of the transport-money, eight hundred pounds sterling, which
was paid in partial settlement of what the said Burlamacchi
promised to the king for the four regiments sent to their High
Mightinesses in 1624, he, Burlamacchi, having in his hands an
order of the said Joachimi, and a receipt from the Chancellor
above-mentioned.

After discussion it was resolved, that an extract from the
said letter dealing with this question be placed in the hands of
the Council of State for their use. The President informed
the meeting that eight or nine ships with Scots of the newly
raised regiment had arrived.

After discussion, it was resolved and decided to inform the
Council of State about this, and request them to make proper
arrangements for their mustering, arming, and payment.

April 14. — Inasmuch as their High Mightinesses have found
good to take into their service in England, for a period of four
months, a regiment of Scots,' which belonged to the Earl of
Morton, but which Baron Kienfaunes will now command as
colonel ; it was resolved, after discussion, that a commission
be despatched by their High Mightinesses to the said Baron
Kinfauns to hold command as colonel ; and that he shall
thereafter take at their hands the proper oath.

And notification of this is to be made to the Secretary

2c



402 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1629

Junius that he may transmit to the said Lord Kienfaunes His
Excellency's document to their High Mightinesses.

May 13. — The Lords of Holland have communicated to
their High Mightinesses a letter of the Burgomaster and
rulers of the town of Gorcum, written yesterday to their
Honours, concerning the support of some new Scots brought
into their city. After hearing the report of the Council of
State that suitable provision has been made for the mainte-
nance of the said Scots, this matter was dropped.

May 17. — The Lords of Holland having communicated to
their High Mightinesses a certain missive written by His
Excellency to them, in which he requests that the newly
arrived Scots may at once be armed and sent to the army ; it
was agreed and decided, after discusssion, to give this letter
into the hands of the secretary Huygens, who had been called
in, with a charge to the Council of State to make arrangements
for this purpose.

December 15. — A petition was read from Colonel Hay, Baron
de Kinfaunes, and his captains, requesting that a settlement of
accounts for their five months 1 service be made both for money
due them as pay and otherwise, and that, besides, the sum of
forty thousand guilders be refunded to them, which they allege
has been spent on the maintenance of their soldiers during the
time of six weeks, owing to the fact that their High Mighti-
nesses had not arranged for any ships-of-war going to Scotland
at the appointed time to transport the said soldiers thither ;
further, that arrangements be made to transport their dis-
charged soldiers from this country to Scotland.

After discussion it was decided to place this petition in the
hands of the Council of State for examination, and thereafter
to give their advice about it ; and the said council is recom-
mended to consult Captain van der Haept about sending the
ships-of-war.

December 28. — There was read the advice of the Council of
State dated the 27th inst., in regard to the request of Colonel
Hay, presented on the 13th inst., to their High Mightinesses.
It was agreed and decided, after discussion, to summon the
said colonel to the meeting of their High Mightinesses, and
to place before him the reasons advanced in the said advice to



1630] EARL OF MORTON'S REGIMENT 403

let him understand that there is some foundation for his
petition, and further inquiry is to be made from Captain Frans
Touw, belonging to the Board of the Admiralty at Rotterdam,
as to why the regiment of the said colonel was not brought
over at the appointed time, and whether the fault lay solely
with the want of the convoy for the foresaid ships.

December 29. — After discussion whether Colonel Hay
should be summoned to this meeting to be informed of the
unfounded nature of his claims, according to the resolution
taken yesterday by their High Mightinesses, it was resolved
that Mr. Schaffer and the Treasurer-General undertake the
duty : and in the mean time it was resolved to write to Captain
Franc Touw, so as to hear before next Monday, to find out
from him how long he was in Scotland before Captain van der
Abt, and if the regiment of Colonel Hay was ready long before
Captain van der Abt arrived there.

To the Noble and Mighty Lords. (June 16, 1630.)

My Lords, — Your letter of 13th May, in reference to Sir Letters to the
George Hay, and his departure in displeasure from the Hague, gl^ 011 ° f
came to hand on the 25th of said month. On receipt I im-
mediately informed Lord Dorchester about the state of the
affair, and learned from him that nothing had been brought
before the king regarding the matter. Nor was it afterwards
brought before the king. Also I am not aware that Sir
George Hay made his complaint very public, for I spoke
about the matter with the Earl of Morton, his father-in-law,
and he knew nothing but that the draft * was left in charge of
the Lord Conservateur Drummond. At first the Lord Colonel
was very stiff to me, and refused to send anybody again with
the draft, 1 because, as he said, it is so small, or even to give
me an order for the draft x to anybody, and complained much
about what he had experienced in the Netherlands, namely,
that in the pay list many sick men from the hospitals were
brought to him whose names were not known on the regimental
rolls, and that it was told him that he would get warning a



Ordonnantie.



404 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1630

day or two before the regiment would be disbanded. The
opposite of this took place, and yet on the very day of the
dismissal it was said that more favourable terms were offered
to and pressed on other colonels, who had also lately entered
the service, than had been offered to him, and on which these
men were continued in the service, and many other things.
But he showed himself particularly annoyed at the arrest
granted on the draft with consent of the Council to Lieutenant
Lichton on the property 1 of the deceased Captain Ramsay,
on account of debts incurred — if they really were debts — since
the former captain and lieutenant were both in the service of
the King of Great Britain, and the matter concerned the
support of the king's company. He also desired that I would
pay him the money here, but finally sent his mandate with
Colonel Leeuwesthon to Holland. And information on the
above case was forwarded to me on the 15th inst., in a missive
which your Noble Mightinesses may see in the enclosed extract
from the same. I should have much liked him to leave the
country more contented, for the satisfaction of my Lord the
Chancellor of Scotland, his honourable father, a personage rich
in good qualities, and well affected towards the States of the
United Netherlands. Your Noble Mightinesses, in your
wisdom, will best know how to dispose of this matter, as you
are accustomed daily to dispose of others weightier and more
important. — Herewith, etc., your Honourable Mightinesses,
etc., (Signed) Alb. Joachimi.

At Chelsey, the 16th June 1630.

Annexa.

Extraict d'une lettre a rAmb r des Seig s Estats, par George
Hay, le xv de Juin 1630.

Monsieur, — Voz comandemens nVont fait rinvoier mes ordo-
nances en holland, et icy vous faire un petit recit de ceste
affaire du Capitaine Ramsay, qui a este tue au service de vostre
estat, vu Lichton apres avoir refuse a son Capitaine et a moj
par diverse fois de rendre contre de Targent qu'il avoit receu

1 Arrest on the ordonnance of Captain Ramsay ; perhaps it is on the pay due to
him.



1630] EARL OF MORTON'S REGIMENT 405

pour Tintertenement de sa Compagnie, durant le temps qu'elle
estoit paye du Roy, a suivy d'escosse en holand, ay ant este
casse de sa charge de lieutenant et long temps apres la mort
de Ramsay s'est plaint au Conseil d'estat et a arreste son
ordonance, aleguant que Tautre luy doibt environ mille franc,
qu'il qualifie par sa parole et des comptes mal instruicts, le
Conseil veut iuger le diferent, encore que les deux parties
estoit alors au service du Roy, et ne sont point a ceste heur
des Estats. Monsieur, ie ne veux pas presumer de vous enuyer
plus long temps avec le recit de plus de particularities, sufira,
sMl vous plait, que ie vous asseur que Taffaire est iniuste.



406 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1632



1 VII

1

1 RESOLUTIONS, DESPATCHES, ETC., RELATIVE TO

RECRUITING IN ENGLAND AND SCOTLAND.
1632-1638.

Recruiting' in England and Scotland.

jsolutions 1632, July 19. — Inasmuch as with the consent of His

states-
jnerai. Excellency a levy is being made by the commissioners for the

army of two thousand horsemen and four thousand foot, and
as His Excellency, with the commissioners, finds it necessary
that, in addition, authority be given for levying French,
English, and Scots recruits, namely, fifteen hundred French,
two thousand English, and fifteen hundred Scots, the said
Commissioners suggesting in the same letter of the 9th inst.
in what manner the said levy can soonest and best be accom-
plished, it was resolved, after discussion, that the said two
thousand horsemen and four thousand foot soldiers be paid
from the one million five hundred thousand guilders granted
by the Provinces at this juncture of affairs for carrying out
their High Mightinesses"' designs ; and furthermore, that to
each of those persons who shall bring the new soldiers from
France, Scotland, and England respectively, to this country,
eight guilders be paid for each soldier, and that promises be
given them that each shall have a company of the new soldiers
who are to be brought over, which companies are to be dis-
banded at the conclusion of the campaign, and the soldiers
distributed among the other companies of the country, and
the persons above-mentioned shall then each be provided with
an ordinary company of the country, which may fall vacant
while the army is in the field or afterwards, among the respec-
tive regiments of their nations. But the Deputies of Holland
declared, with regard to this matter of bringing over recruits
that, having received orders to the contrary from their Prin-






1632] RECRUITING IN GREAT BRITAIN 407

cipals, they cannot consent to it, maintaining that the said
levy ought to take place on the old footing and according to
the regulations of the country ; and they were requested to
discuss this matter again in their province and bring up a
further resolution, which they undertook to do.

July 28. — The Deputies of the Provinces of Gelderland,
Zeeland, Utrecht, Overyssel, Stadt en Lande (those of Fries-
land being absent) again declared that they could have agreed
to the proposal set forth by the commissioners for the army
in their missive of the 9th inst. to their High Mightinesses
regarding the matter of levies, or to the advice offered to their
High Mightinesses by the Council of State, of date the 15th
inst., but, having noticed that the Deputies of Holland could
not agree thereto, had so far modified their terms regarding
the said levies, that to each of those persons who are to bring
the new soldiers from France, England, and Scotland, to this
country, an Act Expectative is to be given, with a sure offer
and promise that each of them shall be provided with an
ordinary company of the country in the regiments for which
respectively they should bring over the soldiers, as soon as
such may fall vacant, either in the field or not, and that in
addition they are to receive for each man whom they shall
bring; over eight guilders.

Whereupon the Deputies of Holland, having again been
asked if they could not agree to this, declared that they had
no authority to do so, it was resolved and decided, after dis-
cussion, to make a representation by letter anent this matter,
and its necessity to the States of Holland, and to request the
said province to agree to it.

July 30. — Regarding the declaration of the Deputies of
Holland as to the levies for reinforcement of the regiments of
the French, English, and Scots at present in the army, it
was resolved and decided, after foregoing discussion, to write
to Mr. van Langerack that he, by agreement . . . shall look
out four persons, who will undertake to bring to this country
each five hundred Frenchmen for the four regiments, amount-
ing in all to two thousand soldiers, at the end of August next,
and they shall receive for their expenses eight guilders for
every man whom they shall succeed in bringing in ; and that,



408 THE THIRTY YEARS' WAR [1632

in addition, an Act Expectative be given them, with the sure
offer and promise that each of them is to be provided with an
ordinary company of the Land in the regiments for which they
respectively shall bring over the soldiers, as soon as they fall
vacant, either in the field or not. . . . Furthermore, a letter
is also to be written to Mr. Joachimi, that he must also in
England look out seven persons, of whom Jour shall undertake
each to bring to this country five hundred Englishmen for
reinforcement of the aforesaid English regiments, and three
each five hundred men for reinforcement of the three Scots
regiments, on the foregoing terms and conditions which are
set forth above. And Mr. Joachimi shall do all in his power
with the King of Great Britain, in order that it may please
His Majesty to consent to the exportation of the said soldiers
to this country ; and Mr. Joachimi shall be authorised, as he
is hereby authorised, to draw the money necessary for expenses
from Receiver-General Doublet, and the bills for it will be
promptly paid.

Minutes of Letters — the States to Joachimi.

1632, July 30. — We receive more and more information, as
time goes on, that the enemy are anew concentrating their
troops, infantry as well as cavalry, around Durby, situated in
the district of Limburg, and that General Papenheym is
advancing with the army under his command to come to the



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