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aid of the enemy, and to see if he can assist in relieving Maes-
tricht by force, or by cutting off supplies, or if he can under-
take anything effectually, by way of diversion, which will be
hurtful to the frontiers of this country, or by his approach stir
up righteous jealousy in several provinces against this state,
or, at least, put and keep it in great uneasiness.

In the second place, we are, to our great sorrow, informed
that the army of this state before Maestricht is being greatly
diminished and weakened by sickness, desertion of the soldiers,
and the damage which the enemy is causing to the said army
in the approaches and otherwise ; and that the levying of
horsemen and infantry, lately authorised to be made in these
provinces and adjoining countries, is progressing but slowly.


Having deliberated, with reference to this, about the authority
and power which must be employed and put into action against
such misfortunes and apprehended inconveniences in this critical
state of affairs, we have, among other measures, found fit on
this occasion to request and desire that you, in England,
should look out for and try to obtain seven qualified persons,
of whom four shall each enlist as reinforcements for the four
English regiments five hundred Englishmen, and the other
three shall each enlist from Scotland five hundred men as
reinforcements for the three Scots regiments, making alto-
gether two thousand English and fifteen hundred Scots, which
the aforesaid persons, each with the number appointed, are to
bring over by the end of August next ; and for this they are
to receive for each man whom they bring hither eight guilders ;
and, in addition, either by you over there, or by us here, there
is to be given to them an Act Fxpectative, with the firm pro-
mise and assurance that they will each be placed in command
of an ordinary company of the country in the regiments for
which they, respectively, shall bring over the soldiers, as soon
as a vacancy occurs in the army, afield or elsewhere, after the
aforesaid recruits shall have been distributed among the said
regiments. Furthermore, you are to do all you can with the
King of Great Britain, in order that His Majesty may be
pleased to consent to the exportation of the aforesaid soldiers
from his kingdoms to this country ; and whereas we believe
that the foresaid persons to be selected by you will wish to
get over there the passage-money for the soldiers they are to
bring over, we therefore authorise you hereby to draw the
money necessary for the passage-money from Receiver-General
Doublett, and the bills for it will be promptly paid. And
that said persons may gain a firm trust in this, we wish to
recommend that they would, as far as possible, take pains that
the aforesaid recruits be enlisted on the above-mentioned con-
ditions, or that, at least, if this cannot be done, as we do not
expect to hear, the passage- money is to be retained.

Actum, July 30th, 1632.


The States-General to the King of Great Britain.
Au Roy de la Grande Bretagne, le 3 d'Aougst 1632.

D'aultant que les quatre regiments Anglois et trois Escossois
pour le present au champ devant Maestricht sont tellement
diminues et affaiblis par maladies et aultres inconvenients,
qu'on n'en peult tirer le service deu a Testat et convenable a
ces nations, ce que nous tactions remedier. Tant quen nous
est avons comis et authorise le Sieur Joachimi, nostre ambas-
sadeur pour trouver sept personages de qualite, a scavoir
quatre Anglois et trois Escossois, qui soubs conditions raison-
nables entreprendront d'amener par deca chacun cinq cens
hommes, au dernier du mois d'Auougst prochain, pour recreuer
desdits sept regiments. Mais sachans, Sire, que les dictes
recrues ne peuvent sortir hors les royaumes de vostre Maieste
sans expres consentiment d'icelle, nous la prions bien humble-
ment nous faire Thonneur de nous accorder favorablement que
les dictes recreues puissent venir par deca sans aulcun empesche-
ment, afin que les regiments tant Anglois qu'Escossois soyent
conserves en estat de pouvoir faire services a leur reputation
glorieuse de nostre armee, et nous demeurerons tant plus
capables a Tavancement du bien commun et du service de
vostre maieste en particulier, ce que le Sieur Joachimi fera
plus particulierement entendre a vostre maieste de nostre
part, etc.

Le 3 d'Aougst, 1632.

From Albert Joachim, Ambassador, and Govert Brasser,
Extraordinary Ambassador.

To the States-General. (Rec d Aug. 25, 1632.)

High axd Mighty Lords, — Last Friday, the 6th instant,
there was brought hither the duplicate of the missive of your
High Mightinesses of July 30th, regarding the levying of
seven times five hundred men to reinforce the four English
and three Scottish regiments which are in the service of your
High Mightinesses. The original letter has not yet come in.
The king was on his way to' Windsor, and at our request
His Majesty signified that he would grant us an audience on


Sunday the 8th, at Ootland. So as to be in good time for that
day, we immediately on receipt of -the letter set out, and on
the way we communicated the business of the levy to the Lord
High Treasurer and to the Earl of Carlille, whom we found with
the said Treasurer at New Hampton. When we mentioned
the conditions to their Excellencies, and offered to engage such
persons as they might recommend to us, the Lord Treasurer was
well pleased, and considered the offer very acceptable. Then
should the king afterwards have consented to the levy, His
Excellency said that he had nobody of his own to recommend ;
the Earl of Carlille said to us that his nephew, Colonel Kien-
faunes or Hayes, had not been fully paid for his services, and
appeared very dissatisfied that he and his regiment had not
been kept on, while other regiments had continued in the

Having arrived at Windsor, we found no opportunity to
forward our business. And, as the king went out to hunt
very early the next day, intending to go to Ootland, we directed
our way thither, and there had a conference with the Earl of
Holland, and also spoke to the Earl of Pembroke, both of
whom considered it of great importance that a good under-
standing be maintained between the king their master and
your High Mightinesses. On Sunday afternoon we were with
the king, and asked his permission to levy the recruits. His
Majesty said that recently many of his subjects had left his
kingdoms and gone into the service of other masters, and after
he had heard the conditions, said he believed we would get no
soldiers on those conditions. We briefly showed that we did
not ask for anything new in this case, and that such a thing
had not been refused to any of the king's friends, not even to
the far distant Muscovites. We commended the conditions,
and the king taking time to think over the matter a little,
we presented the memorial, of which a copy accompanies this,
and in reply we received next day at Windsor the declaration
of the good- will of His Majesty, which your High Mightinesses
may find in the copy. Since then we have also received a
missive to the Council of Scotland, to enable us to make the
levies in that kingdom for the three Scottish regiments, and
have used great diligence to find persons with whom we might


act. But though several of high rank offered themselves, and
others well qualified, yet so many difficulties were placed in our
way, that we greatly doubt whether your High Mightinesses
will get the business carried through on that footing. All
say in general that the time is short, and the season unsuit-
able for obtaining men, as in harvest a big wage can be earned ;
moreover, that for some time back many levies have been made
in the country, and that still daily the drum is being beaten
for the King of Sweden and for the Grand Duke of Muscovy.
The officers of the Grand Duke promise big pay, namely,
fifteen guilders per short month to the soldiers, and they give
those who bring to them an additional man five guilders and
more. The number of five hundred is also considered to be
too large to be brought together and collected by one man,
unless he happened to have many friends in the country, and
such men say that they would not like to take out of the
country men who would follow them for love or respect for
them or their friends, and then leave them or hand them over
to others, after having been taken over the sea. Some also
consider that it rather diminishes than increases the reputation
of a military man to levy soldiers and take them over when
he is not afterwards to be put in command of any of them.

We have also met persons who have served your High
Mightinesses in higher positions than that of captain, who
would not like to hold a lower position, and go in a lower
rank, among those whom they formerly commanded. Some
take offence because they who are to undertake this work have
been promised no pay or salary during the time that they may
have to wait for their company. Two thousand men could be
levied in one regiment with greater ease and more quickly than
five hundred men by one officer alone, for the colonel would
have his company formed by his captains, and the captains
theirs by their respective lieutenants, ensigns, and sergeants, if
each of the said officers, to obtain his place, be engaged to
bring in a certain number of soldiers.

The foregoing considerations have been laid before us by the
English, for we have not been able to find out any Scots to
treat with, seeing that the king is making a progress, and the
court is divided ; wherefore we think of sending an express to


Scotland. And here we shall use every possible endeavour to
carry through your High Mightinesses'' intention. One other
of the nobles, besides the Earl of Carlille, and divers others,
expressed an opinion to us that the son of the Lord Chancellor
of Scotland, who is also the son-in-law of the Earl of Morton,
was not treated well in the Netherlands., and that some money
is still owing to him for his services. We trust that the above-
mentioned lords, who have great influence in that kingdom,
will not for [that reason fail to support the levy. But mean-
while it would be expedient (under correction) that any dis-
putes between the country and the said colonel be settled, to
prevent disaster. The warrants or deeds of consent, which
in accordance with the order of Lord Coke have to be drawn
up, are not yet in our hands. But we are seeing to the expedi-
tion of them.

On the same day as we made our request to the king to
levy recruits, there was a rumour at the court that the Spanish
ministry had also requested permissiou to levy troops. The
levies of the recruits would be much facilitated, if those who
are to bring over five hundred men were to get out of them a
company among the ordinary regiments. Sir William Brouckers
has a deed from your High Mightinesses, as he alleges, whereby
he is held as recommended for employment in the service of
your High Mightinesses as colonel, so soon as your High
Mightinesses may resolve to levy new regiments of English
nationality. He has offered himself to raise a regiment, and
to arm it and bring it over at his expense, on condition that
he and the captains who come over with him may remain all
their lives in the service. We have undertaken at his desire
to remind your High Mightinesses of the said deed. Mr.
Boswel intends to sail next week for Holland with Mr.
Carleton. He is considered an upright and moderate person,
who favours the good cause, and who will endeavour to avoid
everything in any way detrimental to the friendship and good
understanding between his king and your High Mightinesses.
Several gentlemen of good standing have desired us to recom-
mend him as above to your High Mightinesses, etc.

Alb. Joachimi.
govert brasser.

Dated at Chelsea, 13th August 1632.


Memorandum presented by the Dutch Ambassadors to the
King concerning the levy.

Copie. A.
Au Serenissime Roy de la Grande Bretagne, etc.

Sire, — LTAmbassadeur et Depute de Messeigneurs les Estats
Generaulx des Provinces Unies, voz bons amys et alliez, sup-
plient tres humblement Vre Ma t6 sacree par commandement
expres de leurs Superieurs, qu'il plaise a Vre Mat 6 , en leur con-
tinuant ses faveurs accoustumees, de consentir et permettre
gratieusement ques les d s Seigneurs Estats facent lever en
ceste vre Royaume d'Angleterre, des recreues pour les quatre
Regiments Anglois qui sont au service desdits Seigneurs Estats,
au nombre de cinq cents persones par Regiment, et qu'ils les
puissent faire transporter de ce royaulme aux Provinces Unies,
et que pour faciliter lesdictes recreues et reforcements des
Regiments, vre Ma t6 soit servie d'ordonner que les ordres,
pour ce necessaires soyent mis entre les mains dudict Ambassa-
deur et Depute, avecq permission de batre le tambour.

Pareilles ordres sont tres humblement demandes pour les
trois Regiments Escossois, pour faire les levees en vre Royaulme
d'Escosse. Et vre Ma tt trouvera les d ts Seigneurs tres promts
a recognoistre selon leur possibility, ledict benefice et les
aultres qu'ils ont receus de vre Maj 6 , avecq leurs tres humbles

Faict a Otelandes, le f^- 1 1632.

Consent given by the King for the levy.
Copie. B.

His Ma t6 is gratiously pleased to lycence for the leveing of
their recreuts, according to his humbly request, made by the
States, his good neighbors and Alliez, the Clerque of the
Councel attending is to acquaint the lords therew th , and to
prepare a warrant or warrants accordingly for the present
execution of the service by such officers as the Ambassador,
w* the allowance of their Lordships shal nominate.

John Coke.

Otlands, 28 July 1632.


(Received Aug. 25, 1632, dated Aug. 17, 1632.)

High and Mighty Lords, — As the time of His Majesty's
progress approached, . . . we . . . requested an audience of
His Majesty, and this having been granted us on the 8th inst.,
thought well to depart for the court on the 5th inst., both to
hasten on the matter of the levy of the recruits, and to have
time before the audience to give a few hints to some gentlemen,
in order that the business with His Majesty might be put in
train ; for which purpose we addressed ourselves to the — 85
320 z 453 [i.e. the Earls of Holland and Pembroke], ... By
our missive of the 13th instant, a duplicate of which accom-
panies this, we have informed your High Mightinesses of the
difficulties made here about the levying of the troops on the
footing indicated by your High Mightinesses. Since then
some other noblemen have been with us, who in addition
assert further that they will be hated and get into disputes with
the lieutenants and other officers of the old companies as de-
priving them of their hope of advancement. There are also those
who propose that they should be permitted to levy a company
of their own in addition to the five hundred men for recruits ;
others are of opinion that at least the title and pay of captain
should be given them, till a vacancy shall occur in a company
in the regiment ; so that we do not see how any levies are to
be carried out on the lines proposed by your High Mighti-
nesses, unless you can agree to modify the conditions some-
what in accordance with the feeling here. Considering that
the country-people are at present busy with harvest, not so
much would be lost meanwhile, as sometime after this, it will
be out of all comparison easier to obtain men than now.
We have to-day sent Secretary Nyeuport by mail to Scotland,
to negotiate there with Scottish noblemen about the levy,
inasmuch as we have not been able to meet with any Scottish
noblemen here. We have given orders to the above-named
secretary to select a capable person there, who in his absence
could carry on negotiations, in case the Scots nobles bring
forward the same difficulties as the English, and your High
Mightinesses may see good to arrange more favourable condi-
tions. We shall await in everything the good pleasure of your


High Mightinesses, and shall submissively regulate our actions

In order to obtain the warrants necessary for the levy,
difficulties having been put in our way in regard to them, so
far at least as concerning the beating of the drum, we were
compelled to send an express to court, and there obtained the
deed, a copy of which accompanies this. And hereby com-
mending ourselves most humbly to the good favour of your
High Mightinesses, we shall always pray to God Almighty,
High Mightinesses, that He may cause the victorious arms of
your High Mightinesses to prosper more and more every day
in the deliverance of the long-oppressed Netherlands.

Alb. Joachimi.

17th August 1632, stylo novo, Govert Brasser.

at Celsy [Chelsea?]

Annexa A. [Original in English.]

Consent to levy in England.

Albeit his Majestie by gods blessinge enioyeth greate 1 with
all Princes and Estates, and will not interrupt the same, by
engageing himselfe into anie of their quarrelles, or by giueing
ayde to one more then other in piudice of anie Treatie esta-
blished betwixt him and anie of them ; yet other Princes
giveing that reasonable libertie to their subiects in like case to
put themselves into the service of forren Estates for their
better inhablinge to serve their owne prince and countrey
when occasion shall require ; and since the same was practised
in the tyme of his Ma ties father of blessed memorie when he
enioyed the like peace. For these considerations, by his Ma lies
Comandem te wee thincke fitt, and hereby order, that leave be
given to such fower Conducto s and their deputies as shall bee
appointed to levie w th sound of drum or otherwise, such volun-
tarie soldie 3 as shall willinglie put themselves into the service of
the Lordes States, being his Ma ties good neighbo s and allies, as
Recreuts to supplie the fower English regiments alreadie in
their pay, namely, five hundreth men for every regiment, to
be conducted and transported by such order and meanes as

1 Sic. Word omitted, evidently 'peace.'


shal bee appointed and supplyed by the Ambassador and
Deputie for the said States residing here. And we require all
Mais es , Justices of peace, Customers, Comptrolle rs , Searchers,
Constables, and all other his Ma ties officers, not to interrupt,
but to aide and assist the said Conducto 3 for pformance of this
service, as they will answeare the contrary at their pills.

K. Weston. Pembroke and Montgomery.

Carlile. Holland.

F. Edmonde. J. Coke.

A y e Court at Salisbury, y e 4th of Aug* 1632.

Annexa B. [Also in English.]

Consent to levy m Scotland.

Charles, etc.

Right trustie, etc., — Whereas oure good friends and Allies,
the Estates of the united Provinces, have by their Ambassador
with us humbly requested oure Lycence for levying of certayne
recruts of men for supplying the wants of the Regiments of
those two Kingdomes serving under them, to w ch purpose
haveing already gevin order for the levying here of fyve
hundred men for every one of the foure regiments of the
English : And being willing that they have the like supply
from thence proportionable to the nomber of the regiments of
that our Kingdome : Our pleasure is that with all diligent yow
graunt into such as shall be deputed by the sayd Estates a
sufficient warrant, with as ample comission for levying there
and transporting from thence ffyve hundred men for every one
of the three regiments of Scottes as heretofore hath beene
graunted ; and to that effect that yow give Lycence to Tukke
Drumes. The sayd persones soe deputed by the Estates gyve-
ing alwise such satisfaction to every one of the nomber as shall
be mutually condiscended upoun according to the forme accus-
tomed for doeing, where of these piits shall be yo warrant.

From 6 Court of Otlands, the last of July 1632.

La superscription de la lettre estoit : To our right trustie
and welbeloved cousin and counsell 1 ", to our right trustie and

2 d




of States-

welbeloved cousins and counselled, and to our right trustie
and welbeloved counsello rs , the viscount of Duplin, our Chan-
celor, the Earle of Strathern, President of our privie counsell,
and remanent noblemen and others of our privie counsello rs of
our Kingdome of Scotland.

August 30. — M r Vosbergen declared that in accordance
with their High Mightinesses"' resolution, of the 25th instant,
he had extracted from the letters of Messrs. Joachimi and
Brasser, dated 13th and 17th instant, the points for considera-
tion, and found that they were as follows :

1. That said gentlemen are of opinion that the business
of recruits for the English regiments will come to nothing,
unless a change be made in the conditions appointed therefor
by their High Mightinesses.

2. That in England complaint is made about defective pay-
ment to which ex- Colonel Hayes, or some of his ex-captains,
pretend they have a claim on their High Mightinesses for
services rendered by them in 1629.

... 4. That they want declarations of the damage done
by the Dunkirkers to three ships of Rotterdam, in the river
named the Forth, in Scotland.

After discussion thereanent, it was resolved and decided to
write back to their High Mightinesses"' ministers above-men-
tioned that the resolution in the business of recruits was taken
with knowledge of the circumstances, and that, therefore, no
alteration can be made therein.

Regarding the second point, information is to be asked from
the Council of State.


Joachimi to the States-General.

High and Mighty Lords, — Yesterday there arrived here the
original missive of your High Mightinesses of July 30th, in which
you command me to select here seven persons to bring over at
the end of this month each five hundred men, as recruits or re-
inforcements for the four English and three Scottish regiments
in the service of your High Mightinesses. Besides the said
original missive, I have also received one of August 3rd, with a
letter to the king, touching the same matters. That the king has


consented to the request for the levy, and that this could not
take place on the conditions and in the time laid down in the
communication of your High Mightinesses, at least not here
in England, Mr. Brasser and myself informed your High
Mightinesses, on the 13th instant, whether this matter is
likely to make better progress in Scotland, thereof as yet we
have not been advised. And as your High Mightinesses have
already the consent of the king to carry out the said levy, I
thought it unnecessary to trouble His Majesty with the delivery
of the above-mentioned missive. It would, probably (under cor-
rection), be of more service and not unacceptable here, if your
High Mightinesses should be pleased to thank His Majesty by
missive for his consent to the levy, inasmuch as he, in reply to
the request made at your instance by your High Mightinesses 1
ministers, at once graciously consented to the raising and
transport of the aforementioned recruits or reinforcements for
the English and Scottish regiments. Further, in view of the
present constitution of the court, it can do no good to bring
again under notice how the regiments have been so diminished
and weakened by sickness and other misfortunes, that they are
not fit for ordinary duty ; for those who are ill-disposed to
your High Mightinesses have attempted to turn the king's
affection away from your High Mightinesses, giving out that
in the siege of Maestricht a large number of his subjects were
squandered. — Waiting for what commands your High Mighti-
nesses may be pleased to give, etc.

At Chelsea, the last day of August 1632.

September 20. — The report of Mr. Vosbergen having been Resolutions
heard, and Mr. Huygens being absent, having examined the of states-
three following letters — the first of the last day of August,
the second of the 4th, and the third of the 7th inst. — the first,
written by Mr. Joachimi at Chelsea, being to the effect that
the King of Great Britain had consented to the levies of
the English and Scottish regiments ; the second . . . ; the
third, regarding the starting of an enterprise injurious to the

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