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to replace whom the said recruits are enlisted for service, are
to be employed and used in other ways, and contrary to the
meaning and intention of His Majesty.

After previous discussion, it was resolved, in accordance with
the proposal made by the said Mr. van Beveren, and the wise
advice of His Highness which agrees with it, to write to said
Mr. van Beveren to go on furthering of the business of the
recruits, and, in order to remove the difficulties urged, propose



1 63 7] RECRUITING IN GREAT BRITAIN 431

that the sergeants 1 coming to England for recruits for the
said English and Scottish regiments in the service of this State,
must also bring with them an attestation from their colonel
containing the number of the vacancies in their respective
companies, and the colonel shall not pass such attestation
before the captain shall have declared on oath made to the
country, that the number specified is the actual number of
vacancies ; and [that] the said sergeants on presenting the
above attestation, ' au premier secretaire d'Estat ' of His
Majesty, shall thereafter be permitted to levy the number of
soldiers mentioned in the attestation. Furthermore, the cap-
tains of the said regiments shall not be allowed, without the
consent of their colonels, to give any passport to any of their
soldiers ; and should this be done, no passport shall be held
valid except it be also signed by the colonel ; and to remove
further alleged difficulties, a placard in accordance with the
foregoing resolution is to be drawn up and published ; of which
some copies are to be sent to the aforesaid Mr. Beveren to be
shown to the king and to others, where found necessary,
requesting thereafter permission for [levying] the said recruits,
and in case that, contrary to expectation, still further difficul-
ties or delay be made, the said Mr. Beveren shall declare to His
Majesty that their High Mightinesses have done everything
they could think of to satisfy His Majesty about the said
difficulties which he had brought forward ; and, inasmuch as
he is not yet willing to be satisfied, that their High Mighti-
nesses are compelled to reinforce the several regiments afore-
said with [men of] other nations ; and he 2 is to keep their
High Mightinesses informed about this, and allow matters
concerning the said recruits to take their course.

C. v. Beveren to the States-General. (Jan. 22, 1637.)

High and Mighty Louds, — Not doubting that your High Diplomatic
Mightinesses have received my letters of the 1st, 9th, and 16th g^ 681 ' 01 " 1 "
instant, I hope that you or the Prince of Orange will be pleased



i.e. ' Recruiting sergeants.'

i.e. Mr. Beveren. 3 Or, 'proclamation.'



432 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1637

to honour me with a few words in reply, in order that we may
see to the removing out of the way all the difficulties in the
said matter. From the proposals made with that end in view
your High Mightinesses can easily perceive that I cannot pro-
ceed or accomplish anything effectually without the said answer.
Meanwhile several officers have arrived here for recruits they
require for this year. I do not neglect to inform them how
the difficulty which has arisen here regarding the said matter
is due to what some colonels and captains have themselves
made public here ; and how therefore they ought likewise to
set to work on the other side excusing their conduct, and in
reporting the vacancies to refer only to those who have met
their deaths by war or sickness, or become maimed and useless,
and as to the knaves who have deserted their flag and fled the
territory of your High Mightinesses, which they well under-
stand is to their advantage, alleging that in that way they can
better carry out their intention, they are to declare that the
regulation against those knaves who desert was renewed in the
last campaign and stringently (which I have not yet ascer-
tained) executed in the case of several ; and accordingly that
your High Mightinesses and his Highness the Prince have again,
in order to prevent desertion, drawn up and keep in use such
regulations as one can desire. If it could be definitely stated
that it was also your intention to put the said regulations into
force against those who, deserting their companies, take service
at sea under the flag of your High Mightinesses, or that by
means of a commissary assisting at the inspection of the new
naval levies, those who desert would be restored to their
captains or expelled, it seems that all difficulties would be
surmounted. I have also impressed on them that they can
at the same time also inform the lords what pains are taken in
our country to decrease the Netherland companies ; and if
they persist here in offering difficulties, as they have now been
doing for some time, they need expect nothing but reduction
in number while the Netherland companies will be kept at
their present strength ; also that his Highness the Prince
intercedes for them both from affection for the nation and
because they are regiments that have deserved well, and as
otherwise there will be no lack of soldiers for the State; and



1637] RECRUITING IN GREAT BRITAIN 433

inasmuch as the business concerns them x chiefly, and might
mean ruin to them, as during the difficulties they have suffered
intolerable expense and loss. We shall see if this can also do
some good. C. van Beveren.

Battersey, ^ January 1637.

January 29. — There was read over to the meeting the draft Resolutions
of the placard drawn up against the desertion of the French, £ ene * a j S "
English, and Scottish soldiers from their companies to the
service of the West Indian Company. It was resolved, after
previous discussion, to adopt the draft, after making certain
alterations ; and the placard shall accordingly be sent to Mr.
Beveren, with instructions that as before he is to promote the
business of recruiting for the English and Scottish regiments ;
and, for removing the difficulties put forward, propose that the
sergeants who come to England for recruits for the said English
and Scottish regiments in the service of this State shall bring
with them attestations from their colonel, containing the
number of the vacancies in their respective companies ; and
the colonel shall not pass such attestations before and until the
captains shall have declared on oath made to the country that
the number specified is the actual number of vacancies ; and
that the said sergeants on presenting the above attestations
'au premier secretaire d'Estaf of the King of Great Britain,
shall thereafter be permitted to recruit the number of soldiers
mentioned in the attestations. And some copies of the placard
shall be sent over to the aforesaid Mr. Beveren to show to His
Majesty and to others when necessary ; and that he shall
thereupon request permission for [levying] the said recruits ;
and should still further difficulties or delay, contrary to expec-
tation, be made, the said Mr. van Beveren shall declare to His
Majesty that their High Mightinesses have done everything
they could think of to satisfy His Majesty about the difficulties
made, and inasmuch as he is still unwilling to be satisfied, that
their High Mightinesses are compelled to reinforce the several
regiments aforesaid with [men of] other nations ; and he is to
inform their High Mightinesses about all this, and allow



i.e. the English and Scottish companies, or their captains rather.

2e



THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1637

matters with regard to the said recruits to take their course.
And as regards the further contents of their High Mighti-
nesses 1 resolution of the 6th instant, it is to be held as cancelled.

The States- General to van Beveren. (Jan. 29, 1637.)
iplomatic Noble, Austere, Brave, Wise, Prudent Sir, — We have

ft Ifftff ¥MHifl-

ace. received your letter written yonder on the 9th instant, in which

among other things we have noticed the conferences and pro-
posals which have taken place there about the removal of the
difficulties brought forward by the King of Great Britain in
regard to recruits for the English and Scottish regiments in
the service of this State. As to which, after discussion and
with the wise advice of his Highness the Prince of Orange, we
have resolved and decided hereby to reply to you that you are
to further said business of the recruits with His Majesty and
with others where necessary; and, in order to remove the afore-
said difficulties which have been brought forward, you are to
propose that the sergeants coming over from here for the
levying of the said recruits for the said regiments shall be
obliged to bring with them an attestation from their colonel,
stating the number of vacancies in their respective regiments.
And the colonel shall not pass such attestations before and
until the captain who wants the recruits shall have declared on
oath taken to the State, that the number specified is the actual
number of vacancies ; and the said sergeants, having there
exhibited the aforementioned attestation ' au premier secretaire
d'Etat 1 of His Majesty, shall thereupon be authorised to levy
the number of soldiers specified in the attestations ; and for
removing the other difficulties which have been adduced, and
which reflect on those English or Scotsmen who may have
entered the service of the West Indian Company, we have
drawn up and caused to be announced, advertised, and pub-
lished a proclamation about it, of which some copies accompany
this, to be shown over there to the king and to others if need
be ; and, besides, you are again to ask permission for levying
said recruits. And in case further difficulties be, contrary to
expectations, made in this affair, or some obstacle arise, you
are in such a case to inform His Majesty that we have used our
best endeavours that we could think of to give satisfaction to



1 63 7] RECRUITING IN GREAT BRITAIN 435

His Majesty regarding the difficulties adduced with reference
to the said recruits; and if His Majesty refuses to be satisfied,
we thereby find ourselves compelled to reinforce the several
regiments aforesaid with other nations, and that accordingly
your honour will no more trouble His Majesty about the matter.
And your honour is to keep us and his Highness the Prince of
Orange respectively informed about all this, and leave matters
regarding the said recruits to take their own course. — Here-
with concluding, we commend you to the Lord.

Com. Musch.
At the Hague, 29th January 1637.

Van Beveren to the States-General. (Feb. 6, 1637.)

High and Mighty Loiids, — Having neither from your High
Mightinesses nor from his Highness received any answer in the
affair concerning the recruits, in reply to my several previous
letters, I have found it advisable to request that the officers who
are here, and who are about to arrive here, may provisionally be
allowed to take with them the recruits whom they at present
require, inasmuch as the time when their numbers must be
complete will have passed, even although this be conceded at
once, and will have passed still further, if they are to await the
orders which your High Mightinesses or His Highness may
please to give me for satisfying His Majesty, so as once for all
to remove these and all future difficulties in the above business.
I have found it the more advisable to do this, inasmuch as the
two nobles who have been commissioned to announce to Den-
mark and Sweden the resolution in favour of the Elector are
ready to depart ; and he who goes to the Chancellor Oxenstern
is authorised to say that recruits and levying of soldiers have
been granted to the Swedes. The Earl of Holland and Secre-
tary Cooke have promised me to place before His Majesty on
Sunday the reasons for the request drawn up in writing.

C. van Beveren.

Battersey, 6th February 1637.

Van Beveren to the States- General. (Feb. 17, 1637.)
High and Mighty Lords, — . . . The secretary aforesaid



436



THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR



[1637



has just sent word, first by one of his people, afterwards by my
secretary, that the king has granted the recruits for our English
and Scottish regiments; that I am at liberty to make this
known, and send to him all who come over for this purpose,
and that he will at once despatch them. About the form of
consent I shall inform your High Mightinesses as soon as I have
seen him personally. ... C. v. Beveren.

London, February Jth, 1637.



C. v. Beveren to the States-General. (May 22, 1637.)

. . . — That His Majesty in the same session permitted the
Swedish colonels, namely, Colonel Leidbout [to enlist], twelve
hundred, Colonel Monroy eight hundred, Colonel Kunningham
and another each eight hundred men, and further (as I under-
stand) to enlist up to four thousand men, one-half in England
and the other half in Scotland. The Spanish ambassador
takes this very ill, saying that his master will look upon it as
having been done against him particularly. . . .

1638, August 27. — In the meeting there was present Mr.
Duyst van Voorhout, delegated from the army at Gelder,
according- to the credentials from his Highness and their High
Mightinesses' commissioners in the army respectively, both
dated on 23rd instant in the army at Gelder ; and he, in
accordance therewith, proposed to their High Mightinesses,
and requested . . .

Fifthly. That several companies in the field are weakened, and
are daily being more and more weakened by sickness as well
as other accidents, asking their High Mightinesses at the same
time to consider if they could not resolve that, by some persons
to be selected by his Highness above-mentioned, recruits be
fetched with all diligence from France, England, Scotland, and
Germany, in order to reinforce the army with them, and keep
it in an efficient condition, and that they may be of great
service to the country in the present state of affairs.

After discussion thereanent, their High Mightinesses resolved
to hold it over for consideration.

1639, May 2. — Received a missive from Mr. Joachimi,
written at London on April 19th last, intimating, among other



1 639] RECRUITING IN GREAT BRITAIN 437

things, that Colonel Leveston, Baron cTAmont, had requested
him, Mr. Joachimi, to bring under their High Mightinesses 1
notice for consideration, that he [Leveston] had grave doubts
whether the Covenanters in Scotland would allow the sergeants
and other officers who had come from here to that country to
enlist recruits, to return again and take with them the men
whom they had enlisted ; and if the Scots should have already
given their permission, he [the colonel] was afraid the king's
ships of war would not permit them to cross.

After discussion thereanent, it was resolved hereby to request
the Council of State to take the trouble to discuss this matter
and communicate with the head officers of the Scottish regi-
ments in the service of this country, and find out their opinion
and advice, in what manner they should provide against such
and similar inconveniences, in order that the said recruits may
be obtained and brought over to this country.

May 13. — Received a missive from the Council of State,
written here at the Hague on the 7th inst., containing
a reply to their High Mightinesses'' resolution of the 2nd
inst., to the effect that they had communicated with high
officers of the Scots regiments in the service of this country
regarding the opinions of Colonel Baron d'Amont about the
coming of the Scots recruits. After discussion thereanent,
it was resolved that, in accordance with the proposal contained
in the said reply, the King of Great Britain be requested to
issue orders to his fleets to allow the officers of this State, with
the recruits enlisted by them in Scotland, to come over to this
country ; and that a similar request be preferred of the king's
councillors in Scotland to allow the said recruits to leave, lest
some misfortune may happen to this country by delaying their
passage.



438



THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR



[1630



VIII

RESOLUTIONS, REPORTS, REQUESTS, RECOM-
MENDATIONS, ETC.

1630-1645

(July 25, 1630.)

Noble and Mighty Lords, — . . . Your Noble Mightinesses''
missive of the f£ inst., enclosing the request of Lieutenant-
Colonel Sir James Levistoune, was yesterday evening handed
safely to me. Whereupon, in returning the said petition, I
could not refrain from writing back that the company of the
said Levistoune remained here some months in garrison, but in
my time he was never with his company, nor even present at
the two musters of the 11th January and 4th June, both new
style. And since it is the usual rule, as your Noble Mighti-
nesses are aware, that nobody is to draw service pay unless he
remain personally with his company, which the already men-
tioned Lieutenant-Colonel Levistoune has not done. Then
should it please your Noble Mightinesses to order me otherwise
in this, I shall, on receiving information, regulate myself
accordingly, and herewith, etc., (Signed) P. Sluysken.

Arnhem, 25th July 1630, stylo veteri.



1630, November 14. — We, the undersigned colonels of the
three Scottish regiments, hereby declare that we have no objec-
tion to the United Provinces granting and assigning one
hundred guilders more to the widow of the late Rev. Andreas
Hunterus, in his lifetime minister of our nation ; declaring
also that during the lifetime of this widow, we shall provide
for the support of our minister or ministers without assistance



1 631] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 439

or grant from their High Mightinesses or the Council of State,
and that thus we would gladly see that this widow, during the
short time that apparently she still has to live, be provided
with necessary support. (Signed) William Brog.

Daniel 1 Balfour.

G. Couttis.

Actum at the Hague, 14th November 1630.



(Jan. 13, 1631.)

Noble and Mighty Lords and particularly good friends, — Requests to
Sir Philips Balfour, knight, captain and sergeant-major of a state<
Scottish regiment, along with Mr. William MacDowel, Provost-
Marshal of the military residing here, have presented their
respective remonstrances to the States of this Province.
Wherein they request augmentation of wages, and to be
treated like others in similar positions ; which the States here
declined to dispose of, without the orders of your Noble
Mightinesses. They have thought proper to send the peti-
tions to you, in charge of Mr. Albert Wijfferinge, in order
that he may lay the same before your Noble Mightinesses, to
the end that you may grant the remonstrants such pay in
future as others enjoy who fill similar offices.

— Your Honourable Mightinesses 1 good friends.

The Deputed States of the City Groningen
and Surrounding Districts.

Groningen, the 13th January 1631.

(April 14, 1631.)

Noble and Mighty Lords, — . . . Robert Fridsel, late
soldier in the company of the deceased commander, Colonel
Francois Henderson, has complained to the effect that he has
served well and faithfully in the said company (all the time



1 i.e. Sir David Balfour.



440 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1631

the said colonel was in the service of these Provinces), that
he was present in several sieges, campaigns, and skirmishes,
and (without boasting) conducted himself with ability and as
a valiant soldier, and that the petitioner, being now arrived at
a great age, is no longer fit for service ; and being provided
with no means wherewith to subsist, he therefore thought
good to address himself humbly to your Noble Mightinesses
with the prayer, that it may please your Noble Mightinesses to
make him a grant, in consideration of his faithful services, great
age, and poor circumstances. Also in respect of his wife, the
daughter of Jan Aerts Bouman, who in his lifetime rendered,
with his ships, notable and great services to the Provinces on
the rivers, to the destruction of the enemy, for which he
enjoyed no reward. Moreover, the deceased Adriaen Vijgh,
formerly Governor of Gorcum, was indebted to him the sum
of one thousand three hundred and sixty guilders, being
unpaid wages for services done to the Provinces, according to
the sentence of the honourable court of Holland, and of
which he enjoyed nothing, nor could he get anything.
Wherefore he begs that it may please your Noble Mighti-
nesses graciously to favour him with a yearly pension, or at
least an appointment in a company, when it pleases your
Noble Mightinesses. With that end in view, on requesting
from us letters of recommendation, we could not refuse them,
and therefore handed them to him. Herewith we humbly
request that it may please your Noble Mightinesses to dispose
favourably of the request of the petitioner, and graciously
accord him the one or the other, in order that he may have
the means wherewith to subsist, etc.,

Burgomasters, Aldermen, and the Council
of the City Tiel.

Tiel, the 14th April.

(May 6, 1631.)

My Lords, — > ... In accordance with the letter of your
Honourable Mightinesses, I have spoken with Mr. Thomas
Manson, and asked him about the gold chain and trinkets
which Captain William Douglas had given him. And he has



1632] RESOLUTIONS, REQUESTS, ETC. 441

answered that he had got from the said Douglas a small gold
chain, worth about forty-six guilders, in recompense for many
and manifold services done to him during his sickness; that
he had also shown the same to the sergeant, who had come to
Gorcum here in order to learn particulars about the said
Douglas ; but that the said chain is now not in ' esse,' but
broken, and something else made out of it. And as to the
trinkets, that they were given to the servant, who dwelt with
him at the time, but has now left him. This is all that I can
give for answer to your Honourable Mightinesses. And should
it please your Honourable Mightinesses to do anything further
in the matter, on receiving your orders I shall not delay in
carrying them into effect, etc.

(Signed) Jacob van Paffenrode.
Gorcum, 6th May 1631.

May 15. — The petition was read of the widow of Lieutenant- Resolutions

. of States
Colonel Allane Coutis, containing a request that their High General.

Mightinesses would grant her a reasonable pension in recom-
pense for her husband's long and faithful services, as well as
on account of the claims which she deems she has against this
State. After discussion thereanent, it was resolved and
decided, before coming to a decision about it, to ask the advice
of the Council of State.

May 22. — Having seen the advice of the Council of State
of the 17th instant regarding the request of the widow of the
late Lieutenant [Colonel] Alane Coutis, asking support for
herself and her children, by which the petitioner's prayer was
refused as involving too serious and injurious consequences,
their High Mightinesses conformed to the said advice.

[Similar requests were again refused on 2nd and 25th July
1631.]

(Jan. 29, 1632.)

Honourable, Potent Lords, — . . . David Niel, the bearer Requests to
of this, late soldier in the company of Colonel Henderson, and of g ta °^ nC
afterwards in that of the Earl of Buccleuch, has shown us that
he was deprived of a hand by a bullet, when on sentry at the



442 THE THIRTY YEARS 1 WAR [1632

siege of the city Groll, which has rendered him not only unfit
for public service, but also unable to win his bread and support
his wife and children. In these circumstances he is compelled
to betake himself to your Honourable Mightinesses'' liberality,
and humbly pray that you may be pleased to grant to the
1 petitioner a proper yearly pension ; by which, being supplied

c to some extent, he may henceforth, with the poor winnings of

his wife, maintain his household affairs in respectability.

In order to facilitate this request, the petitioner very ear-
nestly begged of us letters of recommendation to your Honour-
able Mightinesses, which we could not refuse, he being an
inhabitant of our city.

We also trust that your Honourable Mightinesses will take
into consideration the fact that the said accident befell the
petitioner in the service of the country, and at the spot where
it pleased God Almighty to grant them a glorious victory ;
for which, no thankoffering more acceptable can be offered,
than such charitable thankofferings and gifts to the poor and
miserable. Moreover, it will encourage the soldiers to regard
the perils of war less, when they see that the aid of your
[ Honourable Mightinesses is not denied to them. And a small

gratification will encourage the petitioner to help himself
further ; otherwise he must of necessity fall as a burden on the



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