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manner, the said English and Scots regiments are to be dis-
charged, and in case of this being done, how the men who by
that procedure will be lost out of the Government service may
be replaced.

February 25. — Their High Mightinesses 1 commissioners'
report was read, they having held an inquiry in pursuance and
in fulfilment of their commissorial resolution, adopted on the
16th instant, with reference to the contents of the resolution
of their High Mightinesses of the 11th instant, inserted in the
foregoing minutes, to find, namely, whether and in what
manner, and on what conditions, the four English and three
Scots regiments in the service of these provinces are to be
discharged and disbanded ; and this done, how the men who
will thus be lost to the army may be replaced.

After discussion, it was agreed and resolved that, to meet
their High Mightinesses'' resolution, the advice inserted below
be given :

High Mightinesses, — It has pleased your High Mightinesses
to request us in the said resolution of the 11th instant to
appoint a strict investigation, and in pursuance thereof advise
whether and in what manner the four English and three Scots
regiments in the service of this country are to be discharged
from the service and disbanded, and this done how the men
who will thereby be lost to the army may be replaced.

We have accordingly had an inquiry instituted with regard
to the matter above-mentioned, and examined the same, and
with reference to the first point we give it as our opinion, that
in this present difficult conjuncture of affairs, as regards the
soldiers of the English and Scottish nations, there are strong



1 665] WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN 523

and plain reasons in the interests-of the State and the service of
the country, for the disbandment of both infantry and cavalry.
And as regards the second point, we would advise that the
said disbandment be effected by the local commissaries of
muster, or by other authorised persons, and by the governors
and commanders of the places and frontiers where the com-
panies are quartered, on authorisation by a foregoing resolution
of your High Mightinesses, to be followed by executory-order
and mandate from this council ; and further, we would advise
that satisfaction or payment be given to the officers and soldiers
in respect of their arrears of pay and their arms.

And inasmuch as the State, in the present situation of
affairs, requires rather an increase than a decrease of the army,
[we would advise] that by resolution and order as above, the
local commissaries of muster, or otherwise the Government
clerks in such places, or even other authorised persons, be
empowered to enlist again all the discharged soldiers who
are of Dutch or German nationality. And inasmuch as the
said English and Scots infantry companies compose seven
regiments, four English and three Scottish, in case of their
disbandment with their chief officers, four efficient Dutch
regiments can then be formed out of them ; and of the said
discharged chief officers, captains, subalterns, and soldiers,
such as are considered most efficient and trustworthy might
again be selected, commissioned, and enlisted, on condition
that the said officers, in addition to the usual military oath,
take an oath declaring that in all sincerity they . agree not
to respect or obey, nor will respect or obey, any other com-
mands whatsoever, from whomsoever they may come, than
those of your High Mightinesses, and specially those of the
sovereign States their paymasters, besides those of the fore-
going indicated in the said oath of fealty ; also that they
acknowledge no others but them as their sovereign rulers ; that,
in place of the discharged English and Scottish infantry and
cavalry soldiers not again to be enlisted, the commissaries or
others be authorised to fill their places at once with others of
Dutch or German nationality. And, inasmuch as the present
state of affairs points to open war, it cannot be allowed that
vacant places be filled up by useless and not sufficiently capable



524 THE AGE OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE [1665

men, but it is absolutely necessary to employ the most efficient
and experienced men ; and inasmuch as it would bring no little
discredit and disadvantage on the state if skilled officers and
officers who have distinguished themselves were discharged, and
others, inexperienced and unpractised men, should be employed,
we consider it most highly advisable, in case your High Mighti-
nesses resolve upon the said disbanding, that all those who will
be appointed from the Dutch or German nation should have
this qualification, namely, that they shall have been in the
service of the country either before peace was made with the
King of Spain, or at least (in order not, by requiring too many
years 1 service, to exclude from advancement men otherwise
experienced and efficient enough, and thus to deprive the
country of their services) twelve years, as lieutenants, cornets
or ensigns of infantry or cavalry. And that as regards sub-
alterns, no others be employed than those who have been in
military service some considerable time, at least six years.

On this occasion we should have liked also to bring to the
notice of your High Mightinesses certain considerations with
reference to the reformed officers, of English and Scottish
nationality, who receive pensions from this country ; but as
your High Mightinesses did not ask for our advice in this
matter, we shall conclude herewith, and submit, with reference
to what we have said, to the wise decisions of your High
Mightinesses.

February 26. — There was read in the Assembly the advice
of the Council of State resolved upon here, in the Hague,
on the 25th inst., in execution of their High Mightinesses"'
resolution of the 11th inst., namely, as to whether, and in
what fashion, the four English and three Scotch regiments are
to be discharged, and if this be done how the men who will
thereby be lost to the country^ service may be replaced.

After discussion thereanent, it was agreed and resolved to
place the said advice in the hands of Mr. Huyghens and the
other commissioners of their High Mightinesses on commissions
for inspection, examination, and report. A copy of the said
advice was nevertheless taken by the deputies of the several
provinces.



i66s] WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN 525

[The following extracts from. the Resolutions of Holland
and of the Councillors of Holland in Committee throw further
light on this period of the history of the Brigade.]

1665, March 5th. — Read a memorandum from the Council of State to Resolutions
T.H.M.,of Feb. 25th, respecting the licensing of the English and Scottish of Holl and.
militia in the service of the State, and how to replace them by others.
Res. : conform previous resolutions of Dec. 17th and Jan. 30th last to
consider all English and Scottish officers, Field and otherwise, in command
of any Reg fc or Comp^ of Horse or Foot, on Repartition Holland, to be
hereby licensed, and none to be excepted ; new appointments to be
made in their places on the 20th inst., viz. of 4 Col s , 4 LMJol 8 , 4 S l -
Majors, all at the same time captains, and in addition of 30 Captains of
Foot, in all 42, and of as many L ts and Ensigns for these 42 Comp ies of
Foot, this being the full number of the English and Scottish C ies on this
Repartition, in 4 Reg ts , . . . previously to deliberate and resolve on
the number and persons of the officers so licensed to be retained in the
service, and then to fill the remaining vacancies as follows : one-half to
be selected from officers who served previous to 1642 as Ensigns, L ts , or
in higher ranks, Horse or Foot, and for the other half from officers who
have served the State in the same capacities for at least 12 years ; finally,
that none be appointed L* or Ensign unless having been in actual service
of the State for 10 years ; the reappointed English and Scottish officers
to take an additional oath of the following nature :

That they recognise nobody outside of the United Netherland Pro-
vinces as sovereign, that they do not consider themselves bound to
respect nor respect or obey any other commands, no matter from what
source, than those from the States-General of the Netherlands, and more
especially from the States of Holland and West Vrieslandt, their pay-
masters.

That the English and Scottish Capt us , before being admitted to such
oath, shall be asked to state under oath whether they have taken pre-
viously an oath to the King of Great Britain, and after receiving their
declaration the States to take such decision as required by the circum-
stances.

The said re-appointed officers then to be considered to be with their
respective comp ies Netherland troops, the Capt ns to gradually replace
the English and Scotch in their comp ies with Netherlanders when
vacancies occur.

March 6th. — Reformed officers of the English and Scottish nations
to be considered as licensed.

March 12th. — All officers of merit of the English and Scottish nations
under Repartition Holland, licensed conform the resolution of 5th inst.,
and not re-appointed, to receive an honourable discharge.

Ditto. — The special oath for the English and Scottish officers to be
communicated to the Generality and to the other Provinces, so as to
have a uniform oath adopted.



526



THE AGE OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE [1665



March 13th. — Form of Honorable Discharge for English and Scottish
officers of merit.

The States, etc., make known to all who see and hear this read, that
though conform our general Resolution on the licensing of all Field and
other officers of the English and Scottish nations in the service of the
United Netherlands, and in our pay, we have also licensed H. H. . . .
who, however, for so far as we know, has served well and faithfully.

So we declare that the said . . . does not leave the said service from
any cause or bad behaviour of his own, but only through general reflec-
tions and considerations of State. Done at the Hague, under the small
seal of State, March 12th, 1665.

March 13th. — All Capt 1 ^ of Horse and Foot to have their men take
oath of loyalty and fidelity to the States-General, and especially to the
States of Holland, their paymasters.

March 20th. — 32 English and Scottish officers of Foot reappointed con-
form resolution of 5th inst. 1
Johan Kirckpatrick,



Walter Schot,
Louis Erskyne,



Geo. Lauder,
Thos. Levingstone,
Alane Couttis,

Henry Grahame,
Johan Kirckpatrick, jr.,
Johan Roper,
Evernyn Kirckpatrick,
James Colpepyr,

Wm. Kair,
John Lamy,
Alex. Coljer,

Anthony Wylde,

Wm. Sandelands,
Maurits Halquet,
Robert Sanderson,
Pieter Watkin,

John Butler,

Wm. Lindesay,



Thos. Dolman,
Humphrey Peyton,



Ferdinand Carry,



Col. and Capt n



Col. and Capt n
L*.-Col. and Capt a
Lt-Col. and Capt u



SMVfajor and Capt n
S*-Major and Capt n



Captain



John Abrahal,

Henry Herbert,
Wm. Read,

Thos. Dolman,
Eduard Ashley,



1 The first column contains the names of officers of Scots and the second of
English regiments.



1 665] WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN 527

Robt. Mordaunt, Captain

Cornelis Oggle, „

Geo. Robt. Couttis, ,,

To the Comp ies they commanded before the licensing ; the necessary
appointments as Colonels, IA-Col 8 , and S*-Majors, and the necessary
commissions as Captains to be made and issued in the Dutch language,
conform resolution of Feb. 24th, 1656 ; the re-appointed to be treated
on the footing of nationals.

March 20th. — Conform resolution of 5th inst. to appoint to the
captaincies still remaining vacant of the English and Scottish nations,
the majority being re-appointed, and one compy going to repartition
Guelderland :

For one-half officers of the I. Class, viz. before 1642, Ensigns, L ts , or
officers of higher rank

. . . Ysbrandt Leynier, IA

For the other half officers of the II. Class, viz. having served in
same capacities for at least 12 years

. . . Jacob de Chanfleury, IA

Gerrit van Haeften, Ensign.

March 11th. — The back-pay of the commanding officers of the Resolutions
licensed English and Scottish Comp ies to be paid promptly, conform Res n - °* * be CouQ -
Holland of 5th inst., except Col. Killegrew's. . . . The Capt^ of said Holland in
nationalities which are not to be reappointed to receive compensation Committee,
for arms, etc., which they had to provide on accepting their Comp ies .

1665. March 16th. — The licensed officers of the English and Scottish
comp ies , and who are not re-appointed, to be paid until the end of the
current month ; the pay of the officers appointed in their stead to com-
mence the same day.

March 27th. — All the L ts and Ensigns here present, of the comp ies
licensed conform, Res. Holland of 5th inst., and reorganised into
Netherland Comp ies , stood in, and after being one by one asked, had they
ever taken oath to the King of Great Britain, were they bound to any-
body else, had they dispensation from the said King for being connected
with this Government and this service ; and after giving satisfactory
answers to these questions, were all re-established in their respective
functions, as follows :

In the Compy of Cap n
J Gerrit van Haeften Ensign John Andrew,

(formerly Col. Sidney's

j Champfleury ,, John Philips,

(formerly L* Col. Vane's

J Isbrant Langnier L* Nicolaes Gibson,

(formerly L* Col. Sayer's

S* Major Roper L* Eduard Sprey.

Ensign Wm. Norwood.

Rob fc Sanderson L* Thos. Sanderson.



528



THE AGE OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE [1665



Colpieper

Butler

Wylde



Ensign James Palvesyn.
., Robt. Herris.

L* Ambros Maneton.



Those serving in the transformed comp ies of the Scottish nation, as
follows :



Col. Kirckpatrick


L fc


John Morrey.




Ensign


John Danston.


Col. Schot


L*


James Erskin.




Ensign


Natane Bruce.


Col. Arskin


V


Rodoff van Sanckoelt.




Ensign


Alex. Wichart.


1/ Col. Lauder


U


James Balfour.




Ensign


James Murray.


L* Col. Coutis


L fc


Marck Richardson.




Ensign


Davidt Kinnemont.


f Lodewyk van Brakel
\ formerly Major Bruce's


L*


Andre Bruce.






S fc Major Kirckpatrick


L fc


Thos. Riddel.




Ensign


Eduant Eton.


Kirckpatrick


V


Philip Murray.




Ensign


Wm. Elphiston.


Collier


U


Wigbeldt van Hamia.




Ensign


Wolter Walterus.


Lindesey


}}


Archibald Murray.


Lamy


>■>


John Eghlin.


Wm. Kair


L fc


John More.




Ensign


Rob 1 de Roeck.


To be considered as continued


, being now in the country's se


with Lt. Admiral de Ruyter :






Maurits Hacquet


L*


John Wier.




Ensign


Alex. Lauder.


Wm. Sandelants


Lt


James Balfour.




Ensign


James Drommont.


J Jan Maurits de Castelliegos
\formerly Alex. Hume's


L fc


David Bruce.


Ensign


Cornells Stuart.



Vacant Lt and Ensign's places of the aforesaid Comp ies to be filled as
follows :



Watkin

Lindsay
Lamy



( Lt Walter Carpenter,

(formerly L e Ensign same comp^
/ L e Archibald Murray.

\in the place of Patrick Vaens.
/ Lt Jhon Eglingh.

Iformer Ensign same comp y .



1 665] WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN 529

And the Committee appoints the following Ensigns : —

Lodewyk van Braeckel f En. " Younker H. van Voorst.

\in the place of Alex. Bruce.
Isbrant Lainier J En. Dumets.

\in the place of Richard Sauwl.
Lamy c En. Philip Balfour.

\in the place of JohnEghlin, promoted.
Watkin f En. Elias Schoock.

\in the place of Carpenter.
March 28th

Champfleury C Lt. John Philips.

former Ensign same c^
Mu the place of Thos. Honswod, retired.
April 14th. — The transformed English and Scottish c»« on this Re-
partition each to be strengthened to 25 men, with the exception of the
comp ies of Cap n Gerard van Haeften (formerly Col. Sidney) and . . . ,
which are to be reduced by 5 men, so as by make them all alike and of
25 men.

H Ditto. — Through the leaving of certain field officers of the trans-
formed English and Scottish comp ies , the St. Majors to be as follows :

St. Major Graham, formerly Regt. Col. Arskin, now Regt. Col. Schot.
,, Rooper Regt. Col. Arskine.

and respecting the mixing of certain of the transformed comp ies with
comp ies already heretofore Netherland comp ies , Res. conform Res.
Holland of March 5th last, that 2 councillors in Committee shall prepare
a List, taking proper regard of the seniority of the respective captains.

Ditto. — The transformed English and Scottish comp ies now being
Netherland compies, Res. that henceforth on mounting and leaving guard
and on all other occasions they shall beat the Holland march ; that the
field officers, captains and other officers shall wear no other sashes or
other field-badges than of Orange and such as are now used by Netherland
officers.

The standards of the respective transformed comp ies may be of sucb
colour as desired by the respective colonels, but in all cases must have in
the corners along the staff the Arms of Holland added thereto, the col s
and captains to be notified of these Resolutions.
April 27th. — Appointed in the comp y of£Captain

Herman van Boeckhoven Lt. Andreaen van der Horst.

April 28th. — Appointed in the comp^ of captain

Butler Lt. Wm. Orock.

Lt. Col. Levingston ("Lt. Eduard Lauwer.

\ former Lt. of Cap n Thos. Dolman.
Champfleury ("Ensign Jacob van Engelenbergh.

\in the place of Johan Philips, prom d .
April 29th.— W™ Griffin, Lt. of Cap n Robt. Coutis on Repartition



530 THE AGE OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE [1665

Holland, allowed to exchange with Fred. Sandetants, Lt. of Cap n Arskyn,
on Repartition Utrecht.

Wylde f Ensign Max Steenhuysen

-I in the place of Roht. Carlton
I who left the service.
Aug. 5th. — The gentlemen requested to prepare a List of the English
and Scottish comp ies recently transformed into Netherland Conip*'" and to
be divided in 4 Reg ts report as follows :

One Regt. under Colonel Kirkpatrik.

Levingston, Lt. Col.
John Kirckpatrick, Major and Cap n .
Appointed captain

anno 1646. Everwyn Kirckpatrick.

1647. Maurits Hacquet.

1656. Antoni Wylde.

1662. Lindesay.

1665. Castelliegos (in the place of Hum).

,, Hersbergen (in the place of Swaen).

„ Isbrant Laignier (in the place of Sauer).

Another Regt. under Colonel Schot.
Lauder, Lt. Col.
Rooper, St. Major and Captain. 1

1642. Sanderson.

1650. Lamy.

1655. Kair.

1661. Colier.

1662. Watkin.

1665. Champfleury (in the place of Vane).

„ Brakel (in the place of Bruce).

A third Regt. under Col. Arskine

Couttis, Lt. Col.
Graham, St. Major and Captain. 2
1632. Herbert.

1640. Colpieper.

1641. Sandelants.
1662. Joris Couttis.

1665. Royer (in the place of Meolis).

,, Schoonhoven (in the place of Panerey).

„ Gerard van Haeften (in the place of Sidney).

Res. approved and sent to the States for their information and notice
thereof given to the respective officers.

1 Conform to Resolution Holland of Aug. 22nd. Rooper placed as major
under Colonel Arskin.

2 Conform to Resolution Holland of Aug 22nd. Graham placed as major
under Colonel Schot.



1665] WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN 531

Aug. 22nd— Graham to be major of. Col. Schot and Rooper of Col.
Arskine.

Oct. 16th — Appointed in the comp^ of cap"

Cuyck van Meteren J Ensign J. Hacquet

\in the place of van der Graef. /
Dec. 1st. — Appointed in the compr of cap u

Kirckpatrick f Lt N. Maes

\in the place of P. Murray, deceased.
1666, Feb. 10th — Appointed in the compy of cap n

Col. Arskine Ensign Thos. Arskine.

1665, March 12. — The deputies of the Province of Holland Resolutions
informed the meeting on what terms their principals would use General
the Form of Oath proposed to be administered by the Council
of State to the English and Scottish officers to be chosen by
them in the place of the discharged officers of the English and
Scottish regiments who were under their charge ; requesting to
be informed if the other provinces had any consideration to
offer in the matter with a view to arriving at a unanimous
decision, and undertaking with that aim to provide the said
provinces with a copy of the said Form of Oath. Whereupon
no resolution was taken, but the other provinces undertook to
inform their principals about it.

August 7. — The deputies of the Province of Holland in-
formed the meeting that their principals, the commissioned
councillors of said province, had requested and directed that all
the officers of English or Scottish nationality, who were formerly
in service on their repartition and had refused to take the Oath
of Fealty on the formula contained in their resolution of the
5th of March last, should be made to leave the said province
within a certain short period, to be fixed by the said com-
missioned councillors of the province.

After discussion about this matter, it was decided and
agreed hereby to request the other provinces, each one for
itself, to give orders and make arrangements that all such
officers of English or Scottish nationality as could not be firmly
trusted should leave their districts and jurisdiction within a
certain short time. And the Council of State is also hereby
requested to order and write to all the governors and com-
manders of the towns within the United Provinces to give
like orders each in his own district.



532



THE AGE OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE [1665



esoiutions of August 10. — A missive was received from the commissioned
le Council council of the Provinces of Holland and West Friesland,
written here in the Hague on the 6th instant, intimating that
the companies which were transformed some time ago by
the said States from English and Scots to Dutch had been
formed into four distinct regiments, as could be seen in the
accompanying list.

After discussion, the said missive was accepted and held as
a notification, and further is to be used as may be necessary.

1666, March 5. — The report was heard of Mr. van Braeckel
and the other commissioners of their High Mightinesses on
military affairs, who, in accordance with their Resolution of
the 1st inst., have held a conference along with and in con-
junction with some Commissioners from the Council of State
about the lists drawn up by the said council of the regiments
and subordinate companies of infantry, as well as of the
regiments and subordinate companies of cavalry which are to
be brought into the field. After discussion thereanent, it was
resolved and agreed that at the next season the twelve regi-
ments, with the subordinate companies of infantry hereafter
specified, are to be taken afield, viz.

1st Regiment.
Colonel Kirckpatrick.
Lt. Col. Levingston.
Sergt.-Major Kirckpatrick.

From Heusden : the company of Colonel John Kirckpatrick.
From Emmerick : the company of Lt.-Col. Thomas Levingston.
From Bois-le-Duc : the company of Sergt.-Major John

Kirckpatrick.
From Bois-le-Duc: Everwijn Kirckpatrick.
From Grave, etc. [no Scotsmen.]

1th Regiment.
Col. Louis Arskijn.
Lt.-Col. Alane Coutis.
Sergt.-Maj. Johan Roper.

From Groningen : the company of Col Arskyn.
From Nymegen : the company of Lt.-Col. Alane Coutis.
From Maestricht: the company of Sergt.-Major John Roper.
From Wesel : Willem Sandelands.
From Doesbosch : Joris Coutis, etc.



1 667] WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN 533

June 19. — The petition of Johanna Strachan, wife of William Resolutions
Lindesay, captain in the service of this country, having been Qef ta ff 3
read, after discussion it was resolved and agreed that a pass-
port be despatched to the petitioner, to allow her to depart
for Scotland with her two daughters and a maid-servant.

1667, August 5. — The deputies from the province of
Holland announced to the meeting that their principals, the
commissioned councillors of the said province, had requested
and commanded all the officers of English and Scottish nation-
ality, who had formerly been in the service on their repartition
and had refused to take the Oath of Allegiance in the form
contained in their resolution of the 5th March last, to quit the
said province within a certain short time to be determined by
the said commissioned councillors.

After discussion thereanent, it was resolved and agreed
hereby to request the other provinces, each in its own sphere,
to make such arrangements and provision that all such officers
of the said English and Scottish nations as could not be
thoroughly trusted leave their district and jurisdiction within
a certain short period.

And, in addition, the Council of State was requested to
give orders to and direct all the governors of towns and
places situated within the United Provinces to make like



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