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arrangements in their districts.

August 8. — There was received from the Council of State a
missive written here at the Hague on the 7th inst., to the
effect that, in consequence and in execution of their High
Mightinesses"' resolution of the 5th inst., the Council had
issued commands and written to the governors and the com-
manders of the towns and places acknowledging the sovereignty
of the United Provinces, instructing each one to give such
orders in his district and make such arrangements that all
officers of the English and Scottish nations, in whom they had
not thorough confidence, be made to quit the places intrusted to
their government and command. And that they also held it to be
their duty as regards this, taking into consideration the corre-
spondence between the King of England and the Bishop of
Munster, to ask their High Mightinesses to consider seriously
whether Captain William Killegrew, with the company under



534 THE AGE OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE [1667



Secret
Resolutions
of States-
General, 1668.



his command, at present in garrison in the town of Groll,
should not be removed to another place, and for that purpose
a despatch be sent him with orders to march as soon as pos-
sible to Bois-le-Duc ; and on the other hand Major Dirk
van Haersolte from the said Bois-le-Duc to Groll.

After discussion thereanent, their High Mightinesses
approved of the above arrangements ; and accordingly it was
resolved that the necessary orders for removing the said com-
pany with the pertinent despatches be forwarded and sent off'
without their reconsideration. And the deputy of the
province of Utrecht, who was present at the meeting, was re-
quested to see that the aforementioned Captain Killigrew with
his subordinate officers, as well as the other officers on the
footing of the repartition of said province, be sworn on the
same Form of Oath as the officers of the said English and
Scottish nations who have been retained and who are sworn and
stand on the repartition of Holland and West Friesland.

And further the deputies of the Provinces of Zeeland and
West Friesland were also requested to execute the same duties
in respect of the officers of the two nations above-mentioned
standing upon their respective repartitions.

(May 24, 1668.)

Regiments of the English and Scottish nationalities trans-
formed into Dutch :



Johan Kirckpatrick, collonel

Thomas Levingston, It. -coll.

Johan Kirckpatrick, serg'-major

Maurits Halcquet

Everwijn Kirckpatrick

Anthony Wylde

Wm. Lindsay

Maurice de Castelieges

Ysbrande Laignies

Johan Pijl

Marten van Hartsbergen, vacant
Add to the above the three fol-
lowing companies, enrolled in
April 1608, for such time as
they may be kept in the ser-
vice :

Bartholomaus de Toulemonde



Hendrick van Eck

. . . Hoen, heer van Wilberichhoff

Walter Scott, collonel

George Lauder, F-coll 1

Henry Graham, sergMnajor

Robbert Sanderson

Johan Lamy

Alexander Colyer

Peter Watkins

Jacob de Chamfleury

Lodewyck van Braeckel

Pieter de Glarger

Add to the above regiment the
four following companies, en-
rolled in April 1668, for such
time as they may be retained
in the service :



i668]



WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN



535



Qerlich van Rijswijck

Joost Avlllem Henrick, Baron van

Hasselraet
. . . Spierings, heer van Sebender
Gedeon de Bije
Lodewijck Arskin, collonel
Allane Couttis, IZ-coll.
Willem Sandelands, sergt-major



James Colpeper
Joris Robbert Couttis
Johan Butler
Gen-it van Haefften
Jacob Cuyck van Meteren
Johan Jacob de Laucourt
Willem van Schoonhoven, vacant
Ysbrandt Bottercoper, etc.



NOTE.— On 20th
Colonels John Kilpatrick
Walter Scott
Louis Erskine
Li.-Cols. Thomas Livingstone
George Lauder
Coutts
Majors John Kilpatrick
Harie Grahame
Captains George Coutts

Evertson Kilpatrick

Collier
Sir William Sandilands
Moris Hackett
William Lindsay
James Erskine
Ker



December 1665
Captain John Lambie
Lieutenants John Murray

Thomas Riddell
John Weir
Philip Murray
Archibald Murray
John Mure
Lauder
Orrat
Brown
Johnstone
Erskine
Ensigns Drummond
Elphingstone
Ecling
Drummond



were denounced rebels and put to the horn as fugitives, in respect that ' they
being gentlemen and subjects of this kingdom, and native and born within
the same, at the least such of them as are not born in this kingdom of Scotland
being descended of Scottis parents upon the father's side, and having transmitted
and derived to them from their respective fathers, grandfathers, and other
ancestors, being Scottismen and subjects of this kingdom of Scotland, yet they
have most disloyally and treasonably broken and violated their faith and
allegiance to His Majesty, and committed the crime of treason.' The treason
is detailed as consisting in their being in military service with the States, his
Majesty's declared enemies, and their disowning his Majesty and accepting his
enemies as superiors by taking the oath prescribed by the States, ' acknowledging
thereby that the base and mercenary interest of pay and paymasters was more
prevalent with them than the most strict and sacred bonds of honour, conscience,
and allegiance.'

It is further specially narrated that the said Colonel John Kilpatrick, Colonel
Livingstone, Lt. -Colonel Coutts, Majors Kilpatrick and Grahame, Captains
Coutts, Ker, Sandilands, and Hackett ' to palliate in some measure disowning
their sovereign Lord and Prince have most unnaturally disowned and disclaimed
their country, denying that they are Scotsmen, to the great disdain, contempt,
and dishonour of their country, friends, and families,' although they before ' pro-
fessed and acknowledged themselves to be Scotsmen, and were most commonly
designed Scottis officers. '—Books of Adjournal of the High Court of Justiciary.



536 THE AGE OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE [1685



IV

/

PAPERS RELATING TO THE DESPATCH OF THE
BRIGADE TO ENGLAND ON THE OCCASION
OF THE DUKE OF MONMOUTH'S REBELLION

1685.

1

Resolutions of 1685, June 9. — The report was read of Mr. Everwijn and
'fst'te 1 ^ ne °ther commissioners of their High Mightinesses in refer-
ence to military affairs, who, in pursuance and in fulfilment
of the said resolution-commissorial, have looked over and
examined the request made by His Majesty the King of Great
Britain that the three Scottish regiments in the service of the
State be lent to His Majesty for some time. The matter
having been discussed, and the consideration and most wise
advice of His Highness the Prince of Orange having been
taken into account, it was agreed and resolved in accordance
therewith that the said three regiments be sent over to serve
His Majesty, and that his said Highness be requested to
make the necessary arrangements that said transport, together
with the support of said troops, be carried out at the expense
of His Most Gracious Majesty, as long as they shall remain
in his service. And an extract minute of this resolution of
their High Mightinesses is to be placed by Agent Sproussen in
the hands of Mr. Skelton, Envoy Extraordinary of the King
of Great Britain, for the information of His Majesty. And a
similar extract is also to be sent to Messrs. van Duvenvoorde,
van Citters, and van Dijckvelt, their High Mightinesses" 1
Ambassadors Extraordinary to the Court of England, for
their information and use on occasion.

The deputies representing the provinces of Friesland and
Stadt en Landen, who were present, declared that they did
not hold themselves bound in reference to the above resolution,
and accordingly refused consent [requiring ?] that the request of



1 68 5] MONMOUTH'S REBELLION 537

the King of Great Britain, conveyed as it was to their High
Mightinesses through His Highness, should be intrusted to
their respective principals for consideration : but this reasonable
request not being complied with, they reserved their comments
for the next meeting of the Council of State.

June 11. — A resolution of their High Mightinesses, dated
9th instant :

' After discussion, it was agreed and resolved hereby to
request the Council of State to draw up and send to their
High Mightinesses a repartition and distribution among the
several provinces of the profit that will accrue to the State
from the three Scottish regiments being lent to His Majesty
the King of Great Britain for a short time, and during which
time they are to be [supported] by His Majesty. 1

After discussion, it was agreed and resolved to place the
above resolution in the hands of the Treasurer-General Burgh,
for the purpose mentioned.

July 2. — Mr. van Dijck, president of the meeting, announced
to their High Mightinesses that His Highness the Prince of
Orange had requested him to inform their High Mightinesses
that His Highness had received a despatch from His Majesty
the King of Great Britain, in which His Majesty requested
that the remaining troops of that country still in the service
of this State might be lent for a time to His Royal Majesty.

After discussion it was agreed that a copy of the said pro-
posal be placed in the hands of Mr. Everwijn and the other
commissioners of their High Mightinesses on military affairs,
to inspect and examine it, and to hear and give due attention
to the considerations advanced by and the most wise advice
of His Highness the Prince of Orange, and to bring up a
report about all this to the meeting, without restatement [of
the case].

The Dutch Extraordinary Ambassadors Baron de Wassenaer Diplomatic
Duvenvoirde and Everard van Weede, and the ordinary J^ 685011
Ambassador, Armont van Citters, to the States General. England.

/3rf> 1685, Westminster.
. . . Last night the three Scottish regiments landed in this
country at Gravesend, and they are said to be about to receive
orders to march as quickly as possible to the west.



538



THE AGE OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE [1685



1

;]
)

Resolutions
of States-
General.






July J jf-. — . . . The king this morning at Blackheath,
below Greenwich, reviewed the three Scottish regiments lately
arrived here from the coast of Scotland, two of us being
present; and His Majesty was pleased again and again with
various expressions to testify that he had never seen better or
finer soldiers, and that therefore he was so much the more
obliged to their High Mightinesses and His Highness for
having sent them over.

July -y-. — My Lords, — Last Saturday the three Scottish
regiments were marched in good order, with burning matches,
through this city to the Heigpark, where both their Majesties
were pleased to see them march past and execute their man-
oeuvres. The same evening these troops were encamped at
Brandfort, and after resting there for the Sunday, they
departed yesterday to join the army.

July 14. — Received a missive from the Council of State,
written here in the Hague on the 13th instant, enclosing a
repartition or appointment among all the several provinces of
the profit that will accrue to the state from the three remain-
ing English regiments which are in the service of this State
being lent to His Majesty the King of Great Britain for a
short time, to be maintained by His Majesty during that time.

After discussion, the deputies of the several provinces took
each a copy of the above missive and repartition to make it
better known to their provinces.



Diplomatic
Correspond-
ence,
England.



Letter from James II. to the States-General.

(Dat. July 14. Rec. July 28.)

Hauts et Puissants Seigneurs, Nos bons Amis, Alliez et
confederez, — La promptitude et bonne volonte que vous avez
montre en Nous envoyant sitot, premierement les trois Regi-
mens Escossois qui sont dans votre service, et puis apres les trois
Regimens Anglois, pour Nous ayder contre Nos Rebelles tant
en Escosse qu'en Angleterre, Nous a donne des preuves indubi-
tables de votre amitie, dont Nous vous remercions tres aff'ec-
tueusement. Par Tassistance du bon Dieu les Rebellions dans
tous les deux Royaumes sont totalement supprimees et eteintes



1 685] MONMOUTH'S REBELLION 539

sans que les dits Regimens ayent ■ eue Topportunite d'y con-
tribuer par leur experience et leur courage. Mais cela
n'empesche pas que Nous ne vous en ayons de tres grandes
obligations, lesquelles Nous n'oublierons jamais. A cette heure
les troubles de Nos Royaumes etans entierement appaisez, Nous
renvoyerons tous les dits six Regimens a votre service, comme
Nous avions dessein de faire aussitot que la Paix fut etablie chez
Nous. Au reste, Nous prions Dieu, Hauts et Puissants Seigneurs,
Nos bons Amis, Alliez et Confederez, quMl vous ayt en sa
sainte et digne garde. — Votre bien bon Amy, Jacques R.

Escrit a Whitehall, ce M e Juillet 1685.

July 28. — A missive was received written by His Majesty Resolutions o:
the King of Great Britain at Whitehall on the 14th inst, SlteST"
st'ilo loci, in which His Majesty expresses his thanks to their
High Mightinesses for sending the three Scottish and the three
English regiments, in the service of this country, to assist His
Majesty against the rebels, and announcing further that the
rebellion having been put down in both kingdoms simultane-
ously, His Majesty will send back again the six regiments to
the service of their High Mightinesses.

After discussion it was resolved and agreed that the said
missive be answered by a letter of congratulation on the sub-
jugation of the rebels, couched in courteous terms, and that the
said missive to be written be sent to their High Mightinesses' 1
Ambassadors Extraordinary at the court of His Majesty, to be
delivered to him with compliments suitable to the matter in
hand. And further, a copy of the said missive of His Majesty
is to be sent to His Highness the Prince of Orange, for His
Highness's information.

Reply of the States. (July 28, 1685.)

Au Roy de la Gr. Bretaigne.

Sire, — Nous nous estimons heureux de ce que V. M. veut Diplomatic
bien se contenter du peu que nous avons tasche de faire pour Correspond-
son service. En cela, Sire, nous avons une double joye, et England,
d'avoir commence en quelque sorte a satisfaire aux engagemens ( Minute )-



540 THE AGE OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE [1685

ou nous sommes cTobliger V. M. dans les occasions et de ce
qu'en y travaillant, nous avons eu le bonheur de le faire d'une
maniere qui ne luy est pas desagreable. Nous avions, Sire,
souhaite ardemment ces occasions par nos lettres precedentes,
mais nous ne les desirions pas de la nature qu'elles se sont
presentees. Et nous prions Dieu que celles-la nWrivent jamais.
Nous le benissons, Sire, de la protection qu^l a donnee a la juste
cause de V. M. et du succez dont il a favorise ses armes ; mais
nous le louerons particulierement toutes les fois qull luy
plaira de nous mettre au nombre des instrumens de ses faveurs
envers V. M. pour la tranquillite et pour la felicite du regne de
laquelle nous continuons de luy presenter nos voeux comme
i etant, Sire, etc.

J

The Dutch Ambassadors to the States General.

July f i 1685.
Diplomatic High and Mighty Lords, . . . Last Saturday His Majesty

ence 6SP ^ e ^ a ^ Blackheath, i n presence of the queen and almost all the

nobles of the court, a review of the three English regiments,
arrived from the Fatherland, and next Thursday he will hold
at Honslow Heath a general review of all his soldiers, infantry
as well as cavalry.

Nine soldiers of the Scottish regiments arrived here from
Holland, having drunk with the others to the health of the
Duke of Monmouth, and having engaged in some other un-
seemly talk, were tried yesterday on this account, and two of
them were condemned to be shot with a harquebus on the day
after to-morrow, when the king is to hold the general review
above mentioned, and another to be flogged at the gallows.

¥%m 1685, Westminster.

July 24 '

Yesterday His Majesty, in the presence of the queen and
the whole court, held the review at Honseley [Hounslow]
Heath of eight battalions and eight squadrons, all fine and
choice soldiers, among whom were the three Scottish regiments.

To-day the baggage of the three English regiments which
came over here from Holland was put on board the ships



1 685] MONMOUTH'S REBELLION 541

which are lying ready for their transport, and to-morrow the
soldiers will be embarked in them. Several barges, too, have
been prepared to bring over here the Scottish regiments from
their camp, it being intended that they should soon follow
the English to the Fatherland.

Baron de Wassenaer Duvenvoirde.

Arnout van Citters.

EvRARD VAN WEEDE.

The Dutch Ambassador to the States General.

August f-§, 1685, Windsor.

High and Mighty Lords, — Last Sunday there were examined
here before the king in his council Mr. Hayes, who has lived
a considerable time in Holland, and two or three others, taken
prisoners in the last battle with the rebels ; and after the trial
they were conveyed to London in custody.



542 THE AGE OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE [1688



PAPERS RELATING TO THE RECALL OF THE
BRIGADE BY KING JAMES AND THE EXPEDI-
TION OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE.

1688.

Letter from King James ii. to the States-General.
] (Jan. 17, 1688.)

' The King recalls the troops from the Netherlands.

Diplomatic Hauts et Puissants Seigneurs, Nos bons amis, alliez et

Correspond- confederez, — Ayant pris la resolution de rappeler les six Regi-

D1688. ' ments, tant Anglois qu'Ecossois, nos sujets, qui sont presentem*

g au service de votre Etat, pour Nous en servir icy, et ayant eu

une preuve de votre amitie en les renvoyant avec beaucoup de

promptitude en l'annee 1685 e , Nous ne pouvons douter que

Vous ne leur accordiez leur conge de meme, sur la demande

que Nous Vous en faisons a present. Nous avons ordonne a

notre Envoye Extraordinaire aupres de Vous, de pourvoir au

plutost a tout ce qui sera necessaire pour leur transport vers

tels ports et endroitz que Nous jugerons convenable; et Nous

nous asseurons que Vous luy donnerez toute Tassistance quil

vous pourra demander, pour faciliter et expedier Tembarque-

ment des dits six Regiments.

Et sur ce Nous prions Dieu, quil Vous ayt, Hauts et Puis-
sants Seigneurs, Noz bons amis, alliez et confederez, en Sa
sainte et digne garde. — Votre bien bon amy, Jacques R.

Ecrite a Whitehall, ce 17 e Janvier 168^.

Ambassador van Citters to the States-General.

Westminster, %^, 1688.

High and Mighty Lords, — My Lords, although it is but
too true that the kins; sent off his orders last week to recall



1 688] THE RECALL OF THE BRIGADE 543

the English troops from the Netherlands for his own service,
yet this is for the most part not yet believed at court, because
the secretary has received strict orders about it from the king,
apparently, as the intelligent think, to make it burst forth
all the more startingly, both yonder and here at the same
time.

February 6. — A missive was received from the King of Resolutions
Great Britain, written at Whitehall on the 17th of last month G ene raI S
(January), in which His Majesty announces to their High
Mightinesses the resolution he had taken to recall the six
regiments, English and Scottish, His Majesty's subjects, at
present in the service of this State, and asks their High Mighti-
nesses to be pleased to grant said regiments their leave, in
respect of the request of His Majesty which he is making in
said missive, in which he further announces that His Majesty
has given orders to his Ambassador Extraordinary here to
make as speedily as possible all arrangements necessary for
their transport to such harbours and places as His Majesty
may determine, and requests that it may please their High
Mightinesses to assist him in facilitating the embarkation of
the six regiments aforesaid.

After discussion thereanent, the deputies of the several
provinces took a copy of the said missive to make it known
more fully to their provinces. And it was also resolved and
agreed that a copy of said missive be placed in the hands of
Mr. van Els and the other commissioners of their High Mighti-
nesses on military affairs for inspection and examination, and
after obtaining and considering the facts of the case, and the
most wise advice of His Highness the Prince of Orange, to
report on all here in the assembly.

February 19. — The report was read of Mr. Els and the
other commissioners of their High Mightinesses on military
affairs, who, in accordance with, and in execution of, their
Resolution Commissorial of the 6th instant, have inspected
and examined the missive of His Majesty the King of Great
Britain, written to their High Mightinesses from Whitehall on
the 17th ultimo, stilo loci, bearing that His Majesty had
resolved to recall home the six regiments, English as well as
Scottish, in the service of the State, not doubting that their



5U THE AGE OF WILLIAM OF ORANGE [1688

Hio-h Mightinesses would consent to it with such exhibition of
ijood-will as was afforded in the year 1685, and that His
Majesty had sent the necessary orders for the transport to the
Marquis d'Albwille, his Ambassador Extraordinary to this
State.

After discussion thereanent, and taking- the facts of the case
into consideration with the most wise advice of His Highness
the Prince of Orange, it was agreed and resolved, in accordance
therewith, to write back to His Majesty that their High Mighti-
nesses are and continue willing to observe and carry out righte-
ouslv and in their integrity the treaties existing between His
Majesty and this State ; and if it should happen (which God
in His mercy forbid !) that His Majesty should need any help
i and assistance from this State, that their High Mightinesses

will truly render and afford it with as much readiness, willing-
. ness and promptitude, as they did in 1685 ; that they have

: examined the said treaties and every resolution passed with

][ reference to the raising of the said regiments, but do not find

1 that either of the said treaties, or any other convention or

capitulation, or anything whatsoever, binds or pledges them in
any way to allow the whole or any part of the said regiments
to be at His Majesty's service ; that, on the contrary, said
regiments were raised partly from regiments and companies
which were in the service of this State in the year 1674 as
Dutch regiments and companies, and partly from several levies
of private Englishmen and Scots connected with no regiments,
taken into service by their High Mightinesses, at great expense
in the way of bounty-money and costs of transport, which were
all the heavier at the time, because his late Majesty could not
agree to give any help or assistance to facilitate the said levy,
and that those men having thus come over were here distributed
under special companies and ensigns, and afterwards formed
into regiments ; that, moreover, it is but too well known, and
His Majesty will have the goodness to consider in his great
wisdom, that the present situation of the time and affairs not
only does not make advisable, but cannot permit or allow
their High Mightinesses to part with such an important portion
of their army, enlisted at so great expense, and up to this date
reinforced, maintained, disciplined in military service and



i688] THE RECALL OF THE BRIGADE 545

drilled ; but, nevertheless, in order to show how well inclined
they are to please His Majesty as much as possible, they will
give a discharge and dismissal to such of the officers of said
regiments as may ask for it, and discharge them from the oath
and service, by which they are bound to the States ; and that,
further, His Highness will be requested to discharge such
officers as shall ask for leave and dismissal within a certain
short and limited time, to be fixed for the purpose, and the
original missive to His Majesty, along with a copy of it, is to
be placed by the Agent Roseboom in the hands of the Marquis
d'Albyville, Envoy-Extraordinary of His Majesty to this State,
for his information, with a request to forward the said original
missive to His Majesty ; iand, besides, an extract from this
resolution of their High Mightinesses, along with a copy of
the said missive, is to be sent to Mr. van Citters, their High
Mightinesses 1 Ambassador at the Court of His Majesty to
serve, for his information.

Refusal of the States to send the troops to England.

(Feb. 19, 1688.)

Au Roy de la Grande Bretagne.

Le 19" !e Fevrier 1688.

Sire, — Nous avons receu la lettre que votre Ma t6 nous a fait Diplomatic
Thonneur de nous ecrire au sujet des six regimens qu'elle nous Correspond-
demande, et nous y aurions fait reponse plus tost, si nous England
navions pas juge a propos d'examiner 1* affaire a fons et dans ^ Miautes ^



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