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names in italics are the officers who fell. The others recorded by the historians as
present were, besides Colonel Edmond and Sergeant-Major Brog, Henderson,
Caddel, and Ker. Robert Henderson, the first of three brothers who were to
distinguish themselves in the Dutch service, had succeeded to Colonel Murray's
company in June 1599. Caddel, and Hamilton, whose name does not appear,
and who may have been in garrison elsewhere (his name appearing under Utrecht
in 1604), commanded the two companies added in 1596, and John Ker received
his commission on April 24th, 1599, as captain of a new company then raised.
On September 15th, 1599, the States-General had resolved to maintain 'at the
general expense 13 companies of Scots, viz., the life company at 150 men,
and 12 other companies, each of 113 men.' On 3rd July 1600, they resolved
'that all the Scots remaining after the defeat they lately suffered shall be
divided over the 4 companies of which the captains are still living.' Edmond,
Henderson, Brog, and Caddel appear in later lists. Ker received a letter of
recommendation from King James on 27th December 1600, having been called
to Scotland on private affairs (p. 182). Archibald Johnston was appointed in
his place shortly before.

It would seem that while Murray's, Kirkpatrick's, Nisbet's, Strachan's, and
Barclay's companies were completely wiped out, Mitchel's and Stuart's were so
far extant that they could still be held to exist, and Sinclair and Neish to be
successors of their former captains. Colonel Edmond brought over 800 Scots
in October, and the States ordered three new companies to be formed. These
were evidently Mackenzie's, Balfour's, and Coutts's.

Robert Henderson was the second son of James Henderson of Fordell, and
Jean, daughter of William, tenth baron of Tulliebardine. His elder brother,



60 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1599

Daniel Makingny 1 113 men £1502 | Allyn.Coutys 2 113 men £1502

Sir John Henderson, married first a daughter of Sir Michael Balfour of
Burleigh, and second, Anna, daughter of Sir Robert Halkett of Pitfirran. It is
curious that while Douglas mentions Sir Francis Henderson (the fourth son)
as killed at Bergen-op-Zoom in the Dutch service, he merely says that Sir
Robert and Sir James (the third son) distinguished themselves in the Danish,
Swedish, and French wars. On 17th March 1618, there was submitted to the
Scots Privy Council a complaint by John Boyle of Kilburn against Robert
Galbraith of Culcreuch, as cautioner for him ' at the hands of Sir Robert
Henderson of Kiniegask (Finnegask?) Coronell over the Scottis Regiment in the
country of Flanders.' Robert Henderson was transferred to Lord Buccleuch's
regiment soon after its formation, and ultimately succeeded to the command.
In 1610 he commanded the Scots regiment (made up from the Dutch companies)
sent along with two English ones in English pay to Cleves, and distinguished
himself at the siege of Juliers. He, and not his brother Sir Francis, was killed
at Bergen-op-Zoom in 1622. His widow, Anna Kirkpatrick, recommended by
King James and the Scottish Council, was granted an annuity in recognition
of his good service. For an account of his last moments, see Introduction to
Div. in. Petitions by his widow in 1622, 1624 and 1626.

John Kirkpatrick succeeded Captain Dallachy on 15th October 1599, having
been formerly lieutenant of the company. He was killed at Nieuport. His
widow (Susana Splitkoff) appears in the pension list of 1607, and with her
children, John, Maria, and Helena, in 1609.

James Caddel received his commission on August 15th, 1596, served as
lieutenant-colonel of the Scots regiment in the expedition to Juliers and Cleves
in 1610; died before January 14th, 1617, when succeeded by Thomas Edmond.

John Ker has been already referred to. He was recommended by King James
in December 1600 (see p. 152), having been in Scotland for private affairs, which
necessitated his leaving the service of the States, and being anxious to dispose of
his company to a friend.

The name of another Scotsman of an ancient house who fell has been preserved
by a communication from a descendant at Vienna to his chief in Scotland.

James Wemyss of Caskieberran (1554), whose wife was Janet Durie, younger
son of David Wemyss of that Ilk, had eight sons, of whom, according to tradi-
tion, five went to Flanders. From a Cornelius Wemyss killed at Nieuport, whose
eldest son entered the Venetian service, came the Italian family of Wemyss. —
Memoirs of Wemyss of Wemyss, by Sir William Fraser.

1 Daniel Mackigny (Donald? Mackenzie) received his commission on October
24th, 1600, when Colonel Edmond had first brought over 800 Scots. In 1608, his
company was in garrison at Aardenburg (see p. 214). His wife's name was
Beatrix van Berchem, and his son, John Mackenzie, was appointed ensign in his
company in succession to William Grant, on his petition on 16th February 1618.
He was dead before the 9th of July, when a petition from his widow was
considered.

2 Allan Coutts received a captain's commission in 1600, became lieutenant-
colonel of Sir William Brog's regiment, and had died before May 12th, 1631,
when he was succeeded as captain by George Keir. Petitions by his widow,
Christina Bos well, in 1631 et seq. Coutts of Auchtertoul was an ancient family
in Cromar, in Aberdeenshire.






1599] STATES OF WAR 61



Henry Balfour 1 113 men £1502
Brog „

Cincler 2



Jacques Caddel 113 men £1502
Robert Henrison ,, ,.

Archibald Arskyn 3 ,, ,,



Pay on Holland
Col. Edmond ....... £400

W m Brog, Lt Col. of the Scots ..... 100

Wardens
Thos. Ewink, 4 st major of the Scots .... 80

Thos. Maesterton 5 quarter master of the Scots, usually 36 when

with the army, 14 additional here .... 36

Officers of Justice
Wm Carcadie, 6 Provost marshal of the Scottish Reg* . . 50

Ministers
Andreas Hunterus, minister of the Scottish Regt . 30

Extraordinary pay, when with the army
Cap n Meesterton q r m r of the Scottish Regt, with the army

14 guilders monthly, additional pay, facit for 6 months . 84

Zeeland

from the undivided (war expenses)

Bruse 7 .... 113 men . . J1572



1 Henry Balfour had, in 1611, been a captain for twelve years. He then
petitioned for a lieutenant-colonelcy, and again in 1613, and in 1614 for a
lieutenant-colonelcy or sergeant-majorship. He was dead before August 4th,
161 5, when he was succeeded as captain by Robert Coutts. He is designed as
Sir Henry Balfour in the recommendation of the British Ambassador of 161 1,
and had also the recommendation of the Princess Elizabeth, wife of the
Elector- Palatine. Maria de Leon, widow of Captain Henry Balfour, appears in
the pension list of 161 8. Probably brother of first Lord Balfour of Burleigh (see
p. 44 note).

2 William Sinclair received commission 1600. A Captain Sinclair distinguished
himself, and was killed at Ostend.

3 Archibald Erskine received commission as captain 24th August 1601.
Offered to form company of Cuirassiers in December 1604. Offer ultimately
accepted (p. i<jf> et seq.). Stationed at Zwolle. Died before 3rd December 1608.
Referred to as Sir Archibald Erskine in the resolutions of Holland.

4 Thomas Ewing.

5 Thomas Masterton, see p. 29. Appointed quartermaster in 1597. — Records
of Holland.

6 William Carcadie (Kirkcaldy or Cathcart ?).

7 Sir Walter Bruce. On 21st January 1604, his company was in Ostend
(p. 1S7). In 1610, his company was in Zealand, and in 1621-22, at Bergen-
op-Zoom. Dead before June 1st, 1627, when he was succeeded by William
Douglas.



62



WAR OF INDEPENDENCE



[1599



Hamilton



Utrecht
from the undivided (war expenses)
113



1502



Pensions payable at the office of the Receiver General for settlement



of accounts and previous services :-
Col. Balfour 1000 guilders yearly
The children of Cap n Waddel .
Widow Cap n Melvis 400

„ „ Blair with 2 children 400 .
the same additionally 150 yearly
Widow Cap n Cuninga

„ „ Craik
Guill e Morray 400 guilders yearly
Widow Cap. Dallachy

Andries Renton son of Cap u Guillem Renton
Widow Cap. Meldron 250 yearly .

„ „ Prop 500 .

„ and children of Jacques Egger 250





Cavalry {of Holland)


Edmond


80 men




Footsoldiers paid by Holland


Col. Edmondt pikes






and muskets


150 £2014


Guill e Cinder .


Daniel Macqingny .


113 1502


Jacques Caddel


Allane Coutis .


jj }■>


Thos. Neyse .


Henry Balfour .


>; :>


Robert Hendersonne


Brogh


>> }>






Pay on Holland


Col. Edmondt







£83 6 8

50

33 6 8

33 6 8

12 10

25

8 6 8

33 6 8

50

12 10

20 16 8

41 13 4

20 16 8



£2125



113 £1502



Wardens
Thos. Neyssche, s* major of the Scots
Thos. Meisterton q r m r „ ,, ordinary, 36, when
with the army, 14£ more, here the ordinary .

Officers of Justice
Alex. Murray, Provost marshal of the Scottish Regt

Ministers
Andreas Hunterus, Minister ....

Extraordinary Pay when with the Army
Cap 11 Maesterton being with the army ,£14 monthly above
the ordinary pay, facit for 6 months .



£400



80



36



50



80



84



i6oi]



STATES OF WAR



63



Pensions the same as for 1599, except Murray, Dallachy, Prop and
Egger, who do not appear.



Bruce



Zeeland, Foot, Urtdivided
113 men



Utrecht, Foot, Undivided
Hamelton . . 113

Karr (pikes and muskets) 113



Extra State, 1599
Cavalry of Holland



Thomas Areskyn l .
Henry Bruce 2



£1572

1502

1460



1138 9 OJ
Ditto



1601

Footsoldiers paid by Holland

Edmond 150 spears and muskets
D. Makinge 113 men £1502
Aleyn Coutis „ „



Balfour
Brock



Chincler
Caddel
Thos. Neisse
Rob 1 . Herrisson



. £2014
113 men £1502



Edmondt



Pay on Holland
Colonels

Wardens



£400



Thos Neys, major of the Scots
qr. master of the Scots

Officers of Justice
The Provost Marshal of the Scots

Ministers
Andreas Hunterus, of the Scots .



80
36



50



30



1 Thomas Erskine. See note i, p. 67.

2 Henry Bruce, see note, pp. 57 and 58. Killed Captain Hamilton in a duel,
1604. In 1607 requested settlement of his arrears, and was told that he had been
better treated than any other Scottish captain. Submitted certain inventions to
the States in 1608, and received grants in recognition (see p. 211). Recommended
to the Margrave of Anspach 1609. See report by Sir Dudley Carleton as to his
service under the Emperor (p. 224). A Colonel Henry Bruce commanded a
regiment in the Cadiz Expedition of 1625, advocated a descent on Gibraltar, and
was the only commanding officer who spoke well of his soldiers (Dalton's Cecil).
Writing in 1638, Baillie states, * Sir Harie Bruce has offered his service to the
king long ago. He asked Sir John Seaton if he would serve the king. He
answered he would, but not against his own countrie, where he had his life.'



64 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1601

Pensions the same as 1599 except that Murray, Dallachy, Prop and
Egger do not appear.



Zeeland, Foot, undivided

Bruce 113 men £1572



Utrecht, Foot, undivided
Hamelton 113 men £1502
Kar Ditto Ditto



1604

Exhibitum, Aug. 9th.

Companies as yet not brought under division.

The Reg 1 of Bachlouch 1 has been paid until Aug. 12th, 1604 inclusive,
the month which remains still to be paid commences therefore with Aug.
13th, 1604, and orders have been received, in addition to the reduction to
be made for arms and the 8th man, conform Res. of the gentlemen
states general, to reduce the last (pay) order as has been noted here for
each (individually).

Monthly to be
men deducted for arms.

£2100 Col. Bachlouch 2 200 £2489 £300

1750 Cap" Schot 3 200 2489 399



1 On August I2th, 1603 Sir R. Cecil wrote to Winwood, the English ambas-
sador at the Hague : 'His Majesty hath been pleased to consent to the lea vying
of the new Regiment in Scotland, for which purpose there is order already gone
to the Lord of Bucklugh who is to command them.' The first service of the new
regiment was at Ostend, and seven companies were there when the place capitu-
lated (see p. 33). In April 1604 it had been inspected by Robert Henderson, who
was transferred to it as lieutenant-colonel with his company, his brother Francis
being one of the new captains. On December 20th, 1603, the two Hendersons,
Ralph Selby, David Balfour, and David Cathcart, all new Scottish captains, took
their oaths on the commissions newly issued to them in Buccleuch's regiment.
They were followed on the 31st by William Hamilton, on January 28th, 1604, by
Alexander Erskine, and on April 17th by Sir Andrew Balfour of Monthone
(Mountquhanny), and James Chinne (Chene, i.e. Cheyne) of Steelberg. The other
two original captains were evidently John Murray and William Hamilton. On
17th July 1604, Laurence Sinclair was recommended to succeed Captain More of
his company in Buccleuch's regiment. Of More there is no other mention, but
probably the regiment lost several officers at Ostend. On 24th November, com-
missions were granted to supply the places of Lamond, Murray, and Hamilton,
then deceased.

On 25th March 1603, Patrick Murray, Ensign of Captain R. Henderson's com-
pany, had been authorised by the Scots Privy Council to levy sixty men.

2 Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch was Lord Warden of the Marches between
England and Scotland in the last days of the separate monarchies, and was the
hero of the rescue of ' Kinmont Willie ' from Carlisle Castle. He was created
Lord Buccleuch in 1606, and died in 161 1. See pp.188, 256 et seq. in reference
to his services and claims, and those of his son, the first Earl of Buccleuch. See
also Sir William Fraser's Scotts of Buccleuch, vol. i. p. 235.

3 Robert Scott took oath as captain on 28th November 1604.



1604] STATES OF WAR 65

£1961 Schyne 1 200 men £2489 £491

152 men at Ostend conform List of June 13th, 1604.



1700


Andro Balfour 2


200"


2489


390


1860


David Balfour 3


200


2489


432


1800


Spence 4


200


2489


410


1560


Carcardt 5


150


1925


158


1401


Franc. Henderson


150


1925


321


1348


Raeff Selby »


150


1925


383




99 men at Ostend conform List of July 13th.





As to question in divorce suit at the instance of his wife, Isobella Mowbray,
15th February 1618, see infra. Described in 1619 as 'the oldest of the Scottish
captains.' Dead before January 25th, 1627, when succeeded by James Elphin-
stone.

Robert, third son of Robert Scott of Burnhead in Roxburghshire, who died in
1609, settled in Holland. — Douglas's Baronage.

Douglas states that his eldest brother, William Scott of Burnhead, was 'an
officer in Holland, and served under the brave Walter Scott, Lord Buccleuch,
against the Spaniards in the year 1604, when that cohort of Scots performed
many glorious actions against their enemies.' William of Burnhead died about
1640.

1 James (or John) Cheyne (Chene) of ' Steelberg,' also described as ' Baron de
Chinne,' succeeded by Arthur Forbes on January 14th, 1605. The arrival of his
company at Ostend is noted by Fleming.

2 Sir Andrew Balfour of Mountquhanny, succeeded by William Douglas on
January 16th, 1606. Sir Michael Balfour of Mountquhanny, served heir to his
grandfather, Andrew Balfour (father of Sir James of Pittendreich), in 1592,
married M. Adamson, and had two sons, the eldest of whom was Sir Andrew
Balfour of Strathor and Mountquhanny, who married Mary Melville, and died
s.p. He is represented by Balfour of Balfour and Trenaby, Balfour Castle,
Kirkwall.

3 Sir David Balfour. Appointed sergeant-major, September 4th, 1622, lieut.-
colonel, December 23rd, 1628. Succeeded Sir John Halkett as colonel of the
regiment in 1629, his appointment before Bois-le-Duc being confirmed on
September 7th. Was dead by December 6th, 1638. On February 5th, 1639,
Colonel Morgan in recommending Captain Wight said, ' The good lady, his
wife, has recently lost her father, Colonel Balfour, who served this country so
long and so faithfully.' Probably brother of first Lord Balfour of Burleigh (see
p. 44, note).

4 John Spens. See grant to his ensign, John Boyd, p. 195.

5 David Cathcart. (Oath-book.)

6 Sir Francis Henderson, fourth son of James Henderson of Fordell ; served as
sergeant-major of Buccleuch's regiment from June 1604. Succeeded his brother
as colonel on September 17th, 1622. Dead by December 27th, 1628, when he
was succeeded by Sir John Halket. Recommended by King James, 1624.

Concerned in an ' unfortunate mal/ieur,' for which his pardon was obtained by
Sir Dudley Carleton {infra).

7 Ralph Selby, succeeded in July 1605 by his lieutenant, George (Joris) Home.

E



66 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1604

£1727 132 men Lamond 1 150 men £1925 £307

1304 95 John Murray 2 ) 150 1925 310

now with ) Jean Halket
1617 122 Wm. Hamilton 3 150 1925 365

1447 108 Alex. Aresken 4 150 1925 310



Holland

The Comp v of Bachlouch of 200 men . . . £1891 13 11 ob.

10 Comp ies of the same Regt : Franchois Henderson,
Schot, Andro Balfour, David Balfour, Spens,
Carcardt, Lamonde, Alex. Areskyn, John Murray
and W m Hamilton,— each of 150 men . . £13940 19 6



Zeelandt
2 companies of Scots, namely : —
Schyn and Raeff Selby,— each of 150 men . . £2738 3 11

List of all the Comp ies of Foot in the service of the State 5



Col. Edmondt 200 175

Mackingny 113 61

Allane Coutes 113 141

Henry Balfour 113 98



Brogh 113 64

Michel Etmetson 6 113 73

James Kaddel 113 41

Robert Henrison 113 128



1 Lamond. Dead before November 24th, 1604, when he was succeeded by
William Hudson.

2 John Murray. Also dead before 24th November 1604, and succeeded by
John Halkett.

3 William Hamilton, also dead before 24th November 1604, and succeeded by
William Hay.

On 29th January 1605 Lord Buccleuch complained of the delay in dealing
with Captain Bruce, who had killed his lieutenant, Captain Hamilton, in a duel,
and a court-martial was recommended. On 13th November 1621 a petition was
presented to the Scots Privy Council by Captain Harry Bruce, ' servitor to the
Prince his Hieness,' to stop proceedings against him ' for the slaughter of Capt n
John (sic) Hamilton in single combat in the Low Country of Flanders some
seventeen years ago,' his conduct having been justified by the Council of War
established by the Estates, and the king's remission having been granted to him
in 1605.

4 Alexander Erskine was dead before January 19th, 1606, when he was
succeeded by George Bothwell.

5 N.B. — The document does not give the meaning of these figures. Probably
the number of men of the full company and of the actual number at the last muster.

6 Michael Otmarson succeeded Captain Sinclair (dead) on October 8th, 1604.



1 604] STATES OF WAR 67



Thos. Areskyn 1


113


86


Henry Bruce 2


113


87




Hollandt. 2nd Amplification






Col. Buchlouch


200


170


Corchard


150


77


Francois Henderson


150


114


Wm. Hutson 3


150


61


Schot


150


128


Alex. Arskyn


150


62


Andro Balfour


150


134


John Hacquet 4


150


53


Spens


150


98


Wm. Hey


150


63



1 Captain Thomas Erskine and Captain Henry Bruce were authorised by the
Scots Privy Council on 25th March 1603 to levy 200 men each, their cautioner
being Sir Michael Balfour of Burleigh. On 8th April 1617, Thomas Erskine,
having left his company, was succeeded by James Erskine. Both Thomas Erskine
and Henry Bruce were in state of 1599 as commanding cavalry of Holland, and
both (as well as Walter Bruce) appear to have taken an oath in August 1601.

2 Henry Bruce killed Captain William (or John ?) Hamilton in a duel in 1604,
(see pp. 57 and 66.).

3 William Hudson succeeded Captain Lamond in November 1604. Was dead
before February 10th, 1625, when he was succeeded by David Colyear.

4 John Halkett, though apparently not the first of his name in the Dutch
army, is the first of whom a detailed record exists of a family that were to render
remarkable services to the Dutch Republic, and to the British Crown. He was
the second son of George Halkett of Pitfirrane (No. ix. in the family genealogy).
The genealogy of the Halkett family records that he ■ had the honour of knight-
hood conferred upon him by King James VI., and being born a younger brother
he betook himself to a military life, went into the service of Holland, where by
his bravery and merit he rose to the rank of colonel-general, had the command
of a Scots regiment in the Dutch service, and was President of the Grand Court-
Marishal of Holland. He was killed at the siege of Bois-le-Duc, anno 1628.

* He married Maria van Loon, a lady of Amsterdam, and had two sons : (1)
John (Alexander), ancestor of the late Lieutenant-General Alexander Halkett, of
whom there are no male descendants. Lieutenant-General Alexander Halkett
was Governor of Breda, where he died and was buried, 1742. (2) Maurice, who
carried on the line of this family.'

The genealogy also contains the following ' Translation of an Extract from the
Register of the Finances of Holland ' : —

' List of the Generals, Colonels, etc. of the family of Halkett of Pitfirran, who
have served the House, United Netherlands, and the Kingdom of Holland, from
the year 1582 to the year 1782.

4 Rodd George Halkett, Colonel-General, 1582.

'John Halkett, Colonel-General, 1598.

'Both were at the battle of Nieuport, near Ostend, in Flanders, 1600, and by
them were taken the colours that hang in the palace, and on which stood the
Virgin and a monk. These were the first trophies of the then formed Republic.

* Maurice Halkett, General, 1655.

'Robert Halkett, Major-General, 1680. Killed at the battle of Ramillies,
1706.

'Edward Halkett, General: killed nth September 1709 at the battle of
Malplacquet.



68 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE [1604

Zeeland. Foot
Walter Bruce 113 80

Zeelandt. 2d Amplification
Schyn 150 95 | Raaff Selby 150 54

Footsoldicrs paid by Groningcn and Ommelanden
Normau Bruce J 113 89

Utrecht. Foot
Jan Hamelton 113 102

Buyren and Culenburg
Andro Donalsonne 113 95



' Arent (Brent) Halkett, Major-General, 1738.

'Alexander Halkett, Colonel of a Scots regiment, 17th July 17 16 ; Lieutenant-
General and Governor of Breda, 13th May 1740. He died and was buried, at
Breda, 1743.

'Charles Halkett, Major, 14th November 1727 ; Lieutenant-Colonel, 10th
March 1730 ; Colonel and General of a regiment of Scots, 17th November 1736;
Lieutenant-General, 13th January 1748, and on the 1st of February of that year
sworn in as Chief President of the High Council of War of the United Nether-
lands. Died 24th October 1758, and buried in the Kloster Church at the
Hague.

' Peter Halkett, Colonel, murdered with his two sons in the colony of Berbice,
1761.

'Charles Halkett, Acting Major, 30th May 1748; effective Major, 5th
November 1758 ; Commandant of the town ofNamur, 8th January 1761 ; Colonel,
18th March 1766 ; Colonel Commandant, 2nd October 1772. Died April

1774-

' Frederick Halkett ; ensign when still a baby in 1736 ; was made a prisoner
of war on 18th June 1745, at the surrender of the town Meenen, in Flanders, by
capitulation to the French; Lieutenant, 1752; Captain 5th January, 1762;
Major, nth April 1774, in the 1st Battalion of the Regiment Gordon, and sworn
in on the 18th April of that year; Lieutenant-Colonel, 5th November 1777.
Asked for his demission 6th July 1782, and obtained it with the rank of Colonel
and the honourable mention of his services and those of his forefathers to the
United Netherlands.'

See also resolution as to the widow of Colonel Sir John Halkett, by the
States General in 1640, infra.

1 Captain Norman Bruce succeeded Captain Archibald Johnston in May

1603 (see p. 95, note). Sir Robert Bruce of Clackmannan, knighted 1593, had a
second son, Colonel Norman Bruce, who married, and had daughters but no
male issue (Douglas's Baronage). His company was in Groningen in December

1604 (p. 197). He was dead before July 8th, 1615, when he was succeeded by
George Coutts.



\6oy]



STATES OF WAR



69



1607

Guelderland. Bueren andfulenborgh. Foot.

These 2 counties to pay for the compJ' of Cap 11 Andro Donaldson.

Holland Foot



Col. Brogh


200 men


£2612


Caddel


150




1925


Mackigny


33




>■>


Allaune Coutis .


33




33


Henry Balfour


33




>!


Thos. Areskyn


13




33


H. Levingston l .


)3




33


Archibald Areskyn


33




33


Col. Bachlouch .


200




2612


Robert Henderson


1.50 s


spears and muskets


2014


Francois Henderson


33




33


R. Schot .


33




• 33


Wm. Douglas 2 .


33




33


Wm. Balfour s .



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