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S. R. WiNANS, Jr.



Sidney Elizabeth LvoN.Of'jEFFERSONviLLE, Ind.


Louise Lyon Johnson, of Minneapolis, Minn.

A. B. Lyons, M. D., of Detroit, Mich.


Press or William Graham Printing Co.







Two Copies Received

SEP 16 1907

CoDynght tntry

cuss 4 ' XXc, No.

Copyright 1907
By Sidney Elizabeth Lyon, jEFFERSONViLLt, Ind


Publisher's Note

Three years ago the first prospectus appeared of a "Lyon Memorial."
The object sought by its editors was a modest one. They proposed only
to place on record the available historical data relating to the several
Lyon families that settled in New England in the early colonial
days. It was expected that the material thus "readily accessible"
would fill a volume of about 500 pages. It was soon found, however,
that a single volume would not contain the records already in hand.
The complete Memorial fills three such volumes. One, relating to
the Massachusetts families, has already been given to the public.
This includes the descendants of William Lyon of Roxbury, about
3,000 names, Peter Lyon of Dorchester, about 400 names and George
Lyon of Dorchester, 135 names.

The present volume deals with three closely related families,
whose progenitors, Thomas, Henry and Richard, appeared almost
simultaneously in Fairfield County, Connecticut. The editor of this
volume accepts as historical facts certain family traditions for which
documentary evidence has not yet been found. For this she assumes
individual responsibility. "Whether or not these three brothers came
to America directly from Scotland, is not "a vital question. There
can be no doubt that they, as well as the Lyons who settled in
Massachusetts had a common ancestry with the Scotch noble Lyon
family — now Bowes-Lyon. The volume will perhaps prove the most
interesting reading of the series, and is of especial importance in
that it deals in a thorough and painstaking way with an historical
subject presenting unusual difficulties, owing to the destruction during
the Revolutionary War of many important records. It comprises the
full family histories only of Henry Lyon of Milford, Fairfield and
Newark, and Richard Lyon of Fairfield.


The third volume of the series is devoted wholly to the family
history of Thomas Lyon of Stamford, Fairfield and Rye. This history
is unusually full, and is largely the work of Robert B. Miller, a
descendant of Thomas Lyon, and an accomplished and accurate

The writer of this note, who, in the midst of a life of strenuous
and multifarious activities, has brought to a conclusion his self
imposed task commends the completed Memorial to his numerous
American kinsfolk in the trust that his gratuitous labor may find its
adequate reward in the kindly welcome it shall receive.


Detroit, February 1st, 1907.


To the descendants of Henry, Thomas and Richard Lyon, notwith-
standing its imperfections, the second volume of the Lyon Memorial will
be "a good book which is opened with expectation and closed with
profit." Nevertheless they should determine among themselves to
gather materials for a more satisfactory history of the Scotch branch
of the Lyon family of America. In the States that were the old
Colonies, in Scotland and in England, there are public records and
private papers awaiting whoever will interest himself or herself so
far as to seek these data in person or employ experienced genealogists
to do the necessary work for them.

Another thing. Doubt should not reject in toto the vague stories
of forefather lore. Life was more serious than death to our
Covenanter and Puritan sires. They were not given to vain-glorious
statements. Whatsoever is attributed to one of them is worthy of
investigation. Oraf cestimony, after two centuries of reminiscential
mention, has lost accuracy. Still there is a likelihood of discovering
documental foundations for many of these handed-down recollections.
Errors may have been grafted on the vine of any tradition, but it
sprang from the root of truth. What Moses related to Joshua, what
Joshua transmitted through the Elders and the Prophets is Holy writ.

"Some Old World Lyons" and "Some New World Lyons" give the
history of the Lyon family as far as it could be gathered from acces-
sible records and as far as it has been narrated incidentally by the
historians. An amplification of a series of events is history as it is
written and understood. Bare facts with appurtenant dates do not
appeal to the human mind. Out of countless fragments the imagina-
tion must reconstruct and visualize the past. This has been attempted
by the author of the two sketches herein referred to. The "Lyons
Farms" sketch and map, contributed by Professor S. R. Winans of


Princeton, N. J., will add greatly to the historical value of the present
volume of the Lyon Memorial.

An especial acknowledgement is due Mr. C. C. Gardner, genealogist,
of Newark, N. J., and to Mrs. Mary Lyon Hoe and Miss Amelia Lyon
Hoe of New York City, for procuring copies of many of the colonial
records in the archives at Trenton. Mr. Gardner, too, loaned private
papers, and his acute judgment settled several points that were in
dispute. Mr. W. E. Harrison of Fort Madison, Iowa, generously con-
tributed all the Lyon data that he obtained at home and abroad, while
collecting official records for a Harrison Family History. Mr. John
Charles Lyon of East Orange, N. J., and Mrs. Nora Harris Badgley of
New York City were indispensible co-workers, who made extracts from
the Colonial history "authorities" in the Newark Library and in the
Lenox Library and the Astor Library of New York City. And thanks
are due to Mr. M. M. Crane of Elizabeth, N. J., for early Elizabeth-
town records, to Mr. C. S. Taylor of Cincinnati for pioneer records;
to Miss Anna J. Cleveland of Minneapolis for foreign research and
early Elizabethtown records; to Mr. J. P. Crayon, genealogist, of
Rockaway, N. J., for early Morristown records; to Miss Hannah Lyon
Wilbur of Newport, who placed the Rhode Island Lyon families among
the descendants of Henry Lyon, the emigrant of Fairfield and Newark,
and to Mrs. Laura Butler Taylor of Louisville, Ky., for her intelligent
and faithful services.


The Octagon, 1906.
Jeffersonville, Indiana.


If faith is the evidence of things not seen, history is the evidence
of things half linown. The contemporary chronicler depended on
hearsay particulars and individual impressions for the consecutive
incidents in the romance of quaint narration. He recounted the pomp
and triumph of his liege as a bard sang of the prowess of his own
Lord, as a Provincal poet sang of the beauty of his own lady. But
he was on his own ground and familiar with current matters. The
historian takes the say-so of his predecessors in compiling remote
events, gleaning from every accessible source, however, making
deductions here and trusting to psychological instinct there, seeking
for the spirit as well as the letter of the times. The public records,
with their contradictory dates can be partially trusted, though one
remembers how Dugdale of the Baronage declared in 1675, referring
to the Roll of Battle Abbey — "There are great errors or rather falsities
in most of these copies — such hath been the subtile of some monks
of old."

The history of a family, especially of the Lyon family, as it goea
from the chapter of one century to the chapter of the next, in its
mysterious reality, has the fascination of fiction. Heredity gives every
human a certain sense of remoteness, which is soul retrospection. We,
ourselves, have been a part of all this tragedy and death.

Godfrey Louvein or Lowen, Duke of Brabant, was doubtless the
head of the Leonne family of Leon, or Lyons in Normandy. His
daughter, Adelecia, the Fair Maid of Brabant, after the young Prince
William was lost in the wreck of the "Blanche Nef" 1120, was married
to the widowed Henry I. in the hope of another direct heir to the
English Crown. This alliance gave rise to the use of the lion in the
royal arms. The Castle of Lyons near Rouen was a residence which
the Anglo-Norman monarch took much delight in. It was his death-
place, too. After a hard day's hunting in the Forest of Lyons, the King
ate heartily of his favorite dish, stewed lampreys, and died of "surfeit"
seven days later. At the time of the expedition against Harold, the
Saxon King of England, 1066, one of the Leonne, an adventurous
personage, with his followers, joined the banners of Duke William of
Normandy. This de Leonne, the progenitor of the Lyon family of
England and Scotland, held a considerable command in the invading


army. Perhaps he espoused the cause through Galtic sentiment, or
through Fitz Osborn's coercive example or through a liking for
fighting as a diurnal occupation, or for what he expected to get out
of it. An eye to the main chance through an aboriginal understanding
of meum et tuum, was eleventh century common sense, and to take
your chances was eleventh century philosphy.

The foreign project was not a popular measure with Duke
William's people, as it would cost blood and money. But the chivalry
of France, picturesque gentlemen, armed cap-a-pie in close-fitting ring
armor and nasal conical helmets, with a gonfalon streaming from their
lances, who made war a diversion, accommodatingly accepted the story
that Harold had been sent by Edward the Confessor to give the
Crown to his verbally appointed heir. By the same right that Robert
le Diahle's son was heir to the throne of the Saxon Usurper, they, his
knights, were heirs to splendid preferment and splendid spoils, if they
risked their lives to get them. Morally justified, they were going
to their rightful heritage, these mail-clad warriors of William, sur-
named the Bastordes, the best soldier and the best politician of the
Middle Ages. Edward, the Saint, had loved the home of his childhood,
the learned and pious prelates and monks of its churches and monas-
teries, and its shrewd and daring Knighthood. It was theirs by royal
gift. All the crown lands, the vast estates of Harold and his brothers,
the folkland, every rod of England, except the sacred property of the
Ecclesiastical corporations, would pass to the new king, to be granted
away to those who served him best.

The Leonne of the armament, who followed the blood-red flag
of the Mora from St. Valleri to Pevensly; who sang the war song of
Rollo at Hastings and did much battle, realized his opulent anticipa-
tions, for he remained in England, and brought over to patrimonial
expectation his son, Sir Roger de Leonne, born in France 1040,

Sir Roger de Leonne furthered the fortunes of the family in an
adopted country. War was a profitable pastime, and to go to the
rescue of King Edgar, the son of Malcolm Canmore, a righteous piece
of errantry. So he donned his harness and rode with Atheling into
Scotland to depose Donald Bain. For this good and faithful service,
in 1091 he obtained from King Edgar certain lands in Perthshire, to
which he gave the name of Glen Lyon — the Glen Lyon of today, extend-
ing from Fortingal about twenty-four miles, a vast cul-de-sac, flanked
by steep lofty mountains traversed from end to end by the river Lyon,



rushing down in torrents and cataracts from Loch Lyon. It is a
strong defensible pass like Killikrankie, Glenlochy and Glenogle.

The Romans built a camp at its entrance, such a station as com-
manded the passes of the Grampians throughout Perthshire. It was
a stronghold of the aboriginal tribe of Venricones, who possessed
territory between the Tay on the South and the Carron on the North,
comprising Gowrie, Strathmore, Stromont and Strathardle in Perth-
shire, the whole of Angus and the larger part of Kincardineshire, with
their chief town at Orrea on the Tay.

Sir Roger de Leonne stood by his Scottish possessions, and retained
the friendship of the Scottish Monarch, for he was witness in a
charter of King Edgar to the monastery of Dumfermline, dated 1105.
His son, Sir Paganus de Leonne or Leonibus, was born in England
about 1080. For his soul's health, and the highest christian duty, this
Norman Englishman accompanied Geoffrey Plantagenet, Duke of
Anjou to the Holy Land. On his return from the Crusade, he settled in
England, where he did some fighting for Henry I. in the family difficulty
with Duke Robert of Normandy, and in the campaign against the
Welsh. He claimed lineage from the ancient Kings of Leone as 23rd
in descent from King Ataulphus, the Visgoth, successor of Alaric, who
took and sacked Rome in 409 — Ataulphus, who married Placida, sister
of Honorius, Emperor of the East, the son of the great Theodorius.

His son, Hugo de Leonibus, born about 1120, was seized of lands
In the county of Norfolk, England, in the time of Henry II., and he
was defendant m a plea of lands in the time of Richard Coeur de
Lion, 1149.

Ernald de Leonibus, born in Norfolk, about 1150, son of Hugo
de Leonibus, claimed against Robert Briston, William de Grancut and
Walter de Grancut, one third part in certain lands in Kettleston in the
county of Norfolk in the time of King John I. 1199. When the con-
queror stumbled headlong upon Sussex soil, grasping the sand he
gathered as he fell, he exclaimed, with prophetic joy, "See Seigneurs!
by the splendor of God I have seized England in my two hands." The
same land greed was a passion with his knights, and it besets their
descendants even to this day.

The heir of Ernald de Leonibus, was John de Leonibus, alias
Lyon, born about 1175, the first instance of our name being ortho-
graphically simplified as it has come down to us. He had two sons,
Pagan de Leonibus, alias Leon, born in Norfolk about 1200, and Walter
de Leonibus, born about 1205. Walter de Leonibus had two sons, —


Sir Henry Lyon and William de Lyon; both died without issue. Pagan
de Leonibus, of Norfolk, England, married Ivette de Ferres, daughter
and heiress of William de Ferres of Cambridge. His two sons were
Sir John de Lyouns, Knight, born in Norfolk about 1225, and Thomas
Lyouns, who was of Woodward in Essex in the time of Edward I.

Sir John de Lyouns, first son of Pagan de Leonibus, was sum-
moned to perform military service against the Scots 1294, when
Edward subdued Scotland and imprisoned King John Baliol. He
married Marjory, daughter and co-heir of Simon de Ackle of Ackle in
the county of Northampton, and died 1316 in the reign of Edward II.
Some of his descendants received the estate of Simon de Ackle,
for in 1638 from Northamptonshire came John Lyne and Henry Lyne,
his son, to America, and they were among the founders of New Haven.

The sons of Sir John de Lyouns were John de Lyon, Feudal Baron
of Forteviot, born in Norfolk, England about 1250, and Sir Adam Lyon,
Knight, born about 1255, and died without issue.

Perthshire was included in the kingdom of the Southern Picts.
Their capital was removed to Forteviot from Abernathy. Later, when
Forteviot was burnt by the Northmen, the chief royal residence was
at Scone. Perth was the third seat of Government, but was abandoned
in the reign of James II. in favor of Edinburgh.

John de Lyon, Feudal Baron of Forteviot, first son of Sir John
de Lyons of Norfolk, England, had three sons*: 1. Sir Adam Lyon,
Knight, born in Norfolk about 1285, who had two sons, Sir John Lyon,
Knight, born about 1320, and Adam de Lyon, born about 1325. 2.
Richard Lyon, born in Norfolk about 1287, who had three daughters,
co-heirs, Isabella, born 1336, Cecilia born 1338 and Christina born
1345. 3. Sir John de Lyon, Knight, born in Norfolk, England, about
1290, who had a son. Sir John Lyon, who became the head of the Lyon
family of Scotland.

The district of Glen Lyon in Perthshire had been in the possession
of the Lyon family since 1091.

Malcolm Canmore, in being educated at the Court of Edward, the
Confessor, was strongly pro-Norman, and his son King Edgar I. owed
his throne to such valiant men as Sir Roger de Leonne. In the days
of David I. other Anglo-Normans and Flemings settled in Scotland.
David had been trained in the Court of his brother-in-law, Henry I.
"that he might be polished from the rust of Scottish barbarity." He

•See Welles "American Family Antiquity."


married Maude, daughter of Walthe, Earl of Northumberland, by-
Judith, niece of William the Conqueror. When he came to his throne
1124, he was followed by a thousand Anglo-Normans and Flemings,
upon whom he bestowed favors and lands, and most of the illustrious
families of Scotland have their origin from the French Englishmen
favorites of Edgar I. and David I., descendants of the Norman Knights
who came to England at the time of the Conquest. The life appealed
to a mediaeval imagination, where every district was an independent
state, with its own system of government, a sort of hereditary dukedom,
allowed by the consent of each community, or clan, in the person of
their chief. It was a stirring dramatic existence. Year in and year
out predatory warfare and clan warfare were matters of gain and
matters of strife. The strange garb of the Highland people, their
weapons, their wild music, the power of the headship, and the fealty
of the clansmen was a fascinating ensemble. Every clan had its
place of rendezvous, and every clansman answered in person the
summons of his chief. The "tarie," the fiery cross, two pieces of wood,
one end of the horizontal burnt^ and a bit of white cloth stained with
blood, tied to the other, was given to two runners who sped in opposite
directions, to deliver the "tarie" in turn to fresh runners. In 1215
the bearers of the fiery cross went round Loch Tay, a distance of
thirty-five miles, and that same evening, five hundred men assembled
under command of the Laird of Glen Lyon, to join the Earl of Mar.

The Lyons of Glen Lyon remained in high favor with the Scotch
Court, for in 1372, a hundred and eighty years after the advent of
Sir Roger de Leonne in Scotland, one of his descendants, John Lyon,
a grandson of John de Lyon, Feudal Baron of Forteviot, was son-in-
law and Secretary of King Robert II, the first Stewart, and the
founder of that dynasty. "He was a young man of very good parts
and qualities, a very graceful and comely person, and a great favorite
with the King." Lyon King-at-Arms, who was a conspicuous figure
at the coronation, 1371, must have been this John Lyon, pattern of
superior excellences. When this dignity was constituted is lost from
Court Annals. That the heraldic office was instituted as a preferment
for a favorite courtier is more probable than that it took its name Lyon
rex armorum, from the lion on the royal shield. The Princess Jean,
youngest daughter of Robert II. fell in love with the handsome, suc-
cessful John Lyon, and in 1379, he received her hand in marriage.

After the death of her first husband, she consoled herself with a
second husband. Sir James Sunderlands of Calder. She was a daughter


by the first wife of Robert High Stewart of Scotland, Elizabeth
daughter of Sir Adam More of Powallen. A question as to the legiti-
macy of this lady, made a public declaration necessary at the accession
of Robert II. and the crown was settled on John, Earl of Garrick. Two
years later a more explicit settlement was made on the King's sons
by Elizabeth More, — John, Earl of Garrick, Robert, Earl of Fife, and
Alexander, Lord Badenoch; falling them, on the sons of the second
wife, Euphemie Ross, — David, Earl of Strathearn, and Walter, his

John Lyon, by his marriage with the lady Jean Stewart, was
brought into the reigning family. Wise in world-craft, he had nicely
dominated the King whom Froissart represents as "not valiant, with
red, bleared eyes, who would rather lie still than ride," for by a
charter dated March 13th, 1372, he received the lands and Thanedom
of Glamis, a charter which says: "pro laudabili et fideli servitio con-
tinuis laborius."

The title of Thane of Glamis is an old one. Malcolm II. (1005-
1034) had two daughters. One of them married Crymin, Lord of the
Isles and of Western Scotland, and was the mother of King Duncan,
the successor of her royal father. The second daughter married Sinel,
Thane of Glamis, and was the mother of Macbeth, also the mother-in-
law of that psychological mystery. Lady Macbeth. Glamis Castle, until
it passed to John Lyon (on his marriage to the Princess Jean) had
been a royal residence for a line of Kings that date back to Kenneth I.
850, A. D.

This hoary pile, historically famous, stands in the fertile vale
of Strathmore, in Forfarshire, not far from Dundee, with the Sedlaw
Hills to the South, and the lofty Grampians to the North. The glamour
of feudal times is all round about it, from its base to the summit of
its towers that rise a hundred and fifteen feet above the ground, and
the great dead dwell there in invisible life through the remembrance
of their deeds. It is claimed that the huge blocks of red sandstone
of the earliest portion of the structure have been standing since 1016,
the eleventh year of the reign of Malcolm II., father-in-law of Sinel,
Thane of Glamis. Patrick Lyon, first earl of Strathmore* and third of
Kinghorn, made extensive restoration and improvement about 1605.

Sir Walter Scott lamented over the disappearance of the walled
eourt yards, and the moat, the defensive boundaries of the huge old

♦Glamis Castle, a residence of the present Earl of Strathmore and


Tower of Glamis, when he revisited the Castle after the devastation
of a ruthless, capricious architect. Within the storied walls King
Duncan was done to death by his ambitious cousin-german, Macbeth.
It was the death-place of Malcolm II. from the wounds treacherously
given by Kenneth V. an event of blood made authentic by the early
chroniclers. The Commonwealth soldiers prayed long prayers and
sang loud psalms in that house of murder, and the Pretender pined
and plotted there for a brief season.

Gossip has spread a tale of a mysterious grisly something, a secret
not a substance, that is master of the Earl. When his eldest son
becomes of age, this ghost of a wrong that must be righted is disclosed
to still another Lyon, and the thing dogs him till the hour of his
death, making him of the past and guilty of a crime that calls for
reparation. This gives a White-Lady-Banshee sort of mystery to the
awesome old castle.

Besides the lands and Thanedom of Glamis, the King bestowed
upon his son-in-law, John Lyon, the Loch of Forfar, and the land of
Kinghorn, and through his marriage came the right to carry the double
tressure fleuried and counter-fleuried in the bearing of the family*. He
rose to be High Lord Chamberlain of Scotland and Ambassador to
England. This increasing power excited the envy of Sir James Lind-
Bay, and he fell in a duel provoked by this Judas friend at the Moor of
Balhall in 1383. He and his royal consort were interred at Scone, the
coronation place of the Kings of Scotland, destroyed during the
Reformation. There still exists an indenture, dated 1433, between his
son, John Lyon, Knight of Glamys, and the Abbot of Scone, confirming
a grant of forty shillings annually made by his late father for masses
for the repose of the souls of Sir John Lyon and Lady Jean, his

Sir John Lyon, Knight of Glamys, who fifty years after the death
of his father still continued the pious custom of paying for masses
for the souls of his illustrious parents, married the Lady Elizabeth
Graham, daughter of Patrick, Earl of Strathern, by Euphemia, Countess
Palatine of Strathern, a granddaughter of Robert II. His young man-
hood was spent in tumultuous times. Disorders were rife in the
Highlands, and the feuds of the clans were augmented by Alexander

*Arms. Arg. A lion rampant az. armed and langoied, with double
tressure — flowered and counter-flowered gu. Crest. A lady holding in
her right hand the Royal Thistle enclosed in a circle of laurel (an allusion

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