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History of Barnstable County, Massachusetts, 1620-1637-1686-1890 online

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tavus A. Hinckley, Barnstable; and about 1820 the second was erected
near the first, and was a substantial stone structure, used as a iail un-
til 1878, when the material was utilized in the foundation of the en-
largement of the present court house. The present jail, in rear of
the court house, was erected in 1878, and the prisoners were trans-
ferred to it on the 16th of May, 1879.

Councillors.— This office was created by the charter of William
and Mary in 1691, and the following year, under Governor Phipps,
these officers were first elected. Of the governor's council four of the
number were elected from that portion of the province formerly
known as Plymouth colony, and of these two were chosen from this
county, and one other had formerly resided here. From the adoption
of the state constitution until 1840 the governor's council each year
consisted of nine persons, chosen by the legislature from those elected
as senators and councillors. By the Thirteenth amendment, promul-
gated in April, 1840, the nine councillors were for fifteen years chos6n
by the legislature from among the people at large, but the Sixteenth
amendment, promulgated in May, 1856, inaugurated the present sys-
tem, whereby the state is divided into eight districts, each of which
annually elects one of the councillors. Prior to 1855 Elijah Swift of
Falmouth, Seth Crowell of Dennis, Solomon Davis of Truro, and John
Kenrick of Orleans had been councillors, each two years. Barnstable





PBINT.
E. BIEH3TADT, N.



CIVIL HISTORY AND INSTITUTIONS. 43

county has, since 1855, formed a part of the First district. The fol-
lowing named residents of this county have been members of the
executive council since the state was divided into councillor districts:
Charles F. Swift of Yarmouth, iu 1860; Marshall S. Underwood of
Dennis, in 1869-1871; Joseph K. Baker of Dennis, in 1875-1878.

The present councillor from this district is Isaac N. Keith* of
Bourne, who was elected in 1888 and re-elected in 1889. He is a lineal
descendant of Rev. James Keith, who came to America about 1660,
and was settled in the ministry at Bridgewater, where he labored
fifty-six years, and where he died in 1719, aged seventy-six. From
him are descended all who bear his family name in this country. The
family, which is a very ancient one, came originally from Scotland.
The following historical sketch is from the " Peerage of Scotland,"
published at Edinburgh in 1834. " This ancient family derived its
origin frjom one Robert, a chieftain among the Catti, from which came
the surname Keith. At the battle of Panbridge, in 1006, he slew
with his own hands Camus, general of the Danes; and King Malcom,
perceiving this achievement, dipped his fingers in Camus' blood and
drew red strokes or pales on the top of Robert's shield, which have
ever since been the armorial bearings of his descendants. In 1010
he was made hereditary Marischal of Scotland, and was rewarded
with a barony in East Lothian, which was called Keith-Marischal after
his own name." It should be said that Rev. James Keith was educated
at Marischal College. Aberdeen, an institution founded by one of the
family, George, fifth Earl.

The father of Mr. Keith was Isaac, who was born at Tamworth
Iron Works, N. H., July 13, 1807, and removed to Bridgewater, the
home of his ancestors, in 1814. He came to Sandwich in 1828, and
settled in West Sandwich, now Sagamore, in the town of Bourne,
commencing business therewith one Mr. Ryder, under the firm name
of Ryder & Keith, carriage manufacturers. Mr. Ryder retiring from
the firm in 1830, from that time until his death Mr. Keith conducted the
business under his own name, laying the foundation of the present Keith
Manufacturing Company. Mr. Keith was a prominent and estimable
citizen, always interested in the welfare of the town of his adoption.
He was married in 1829 to Delia B. Swift of Sandwich. He died April
8, 1870, leaving two daughters and two sons. The youngest is Isaac
N., the subject of this sketch, who was born November 14, 1838.

He was educated in the public schools of Sandwich. In 1858 he
learned the business of telegraphy, which he followed for two years;
was then chosen superintendent of the Cape Cod and Cape Ann dis-
tricts of the American Telegraph Company. September 7, 1865, he

* This sketch of Mr. Keith is by his friend and neighbor, Charles Dillingham. The
Councillor's home at Sagamore is the subject of an illustration in the history of that
village.



44 HISTORY OF BARNSTABLE COUNTY.

was married to Miss Eliza Frances Smith, daughter of Eben S. Smith,
Esq., of Provincetown. In October, 1867, he resigned his position
with the telegraph company and commenced with his father the busi-
ness of railway car manufacturing, of which he is now the sole
owner and general manager. In these days of labor troubles, his
relations with his employees have always been of the most pleasant
character. His sound judgment, business capacity and strict integrity
have secured to him a large property as well as the high esteem and
confidence of his fellow townsmen and business acquaintances. As
an evidence of this it may not be out of place to mention that when-
ever he has been presented to the electors of his native town he has
invariably run ahead of his ticket. Mr. Keith was twice elected to
the Massachusetts house of representatives, 1874 and 1875; twice sen-
ator from the Cape Senatorial District, 1886 and 1887; and in 1888 and
again in 1889 was elected one of the executive council from the First
Councillor district, which office he now holds.

If it ever be allowable to write of the living, what perhaps more
appropriately belongs to the province of the historian, it can truth-
fully be said of Mr. Keith, that the ancient motto of the family,
''Veritas Vincit," has never suffered violence at his hands.

Senators. — The constitution of 1780, providing that the senate
should consist of forty members, made Barnstable county- a district
entitled to elect annually one senator. By frequent re-elections six-
teen men only were elected within the first sixty years. Their names
and the term of service, with year of first election, were: 1780, Solo-
mon Freeman, Harwich, 19 years; 1788, Thomas Smith, Sandwich,
1; 1798, David Thacher, Yarmouth, 1; 1801, John Dillingham, Har-
wich, 6; 1804, Richard Sears, Chatham, 1; 1806, James Freeman, Sand-
wich, 2; 1808, Joseph Dimmick, Falmouth, 3; 1811, Timothy Phinney,
Barnstable, 1; 1813, Wendell Davis, Sandwich, 2; 1815, Solomon Free-
man, Brewster, 6; 1821, Elijah Cobb, Brewster, 2; 1823, Braddock
Dimmick, Falmouth, 3; 1826, Nymphas Marston, Barnstable, 2; 1828,
Elisba Pope, Sandwich, 4; 1831, John Doane, Orleans, 3; 1834, Charles
Marston, Barnstable, 6.

By the terms of the Thirteenth amendment to the constitution,
promulgated April, 1840, the county was for seventeen years entitled
to two seats in the state senate. They were occupied by the follow-
ing named persons, the number of years noted after each: 1841, Seth
Crowell, Dennis, 2 years; 1841, Charles Marston, Barnstable, 1; 1842,
Solomon Davis, Truro, 4; 1843, John B. Dillingham, Sandwich, 2; 1846,
Zeno Scudder, Barnstable, 3; 1846, Barnabas Freeman, Eastham, 2;
1848, George Copeland, Brewster, 2; 1849, John Jenkins, Falmouth, 2;
1850, Stephen Hilliard, Provincetown, 2; 1851, Zenas D. Basssett,
Barnstable, 2; 1852, Cyrus Weeks, Harwich, 2; 1853, James B. Crocker,





(ytat^




PRINT.
6 BrEHSTAOT,



CIVIL HISTORY AND INSTITUTIONS. 45

Barnstable, 2; 1854, Robert Y. Paine, Wellfleet, 1; 1855, Sylvester
Baxter, Yarmouth, 2; 1855, Lewis L. Sellew, Provincetown, 1; 1856,
Alfred Kenrick, Orleans, 1; 1857, John W. Atwood. Chatham, 2.

By the Twenty-second amendment of May, 1857, the state was re-
districted, and Falmouth, Sandwich and Barnstable were joined with
Dukes and Nantucket counties to compose the Island district, while
the Cape district comprised Yarmouth and the nine towns below.
This apportionment existed until 1877, during which time the Cape
district was represented in 1858, 1859 by Charles F. Swift, Yarmouth;
1860, 1861 by Marshal S. Underwood, Dennis; 1862, 1863, R. H.Libby,
Wellfleet; 1864, 1865, Freeman Cobb, Provincetown; 1866, Reuben
Nickerson, Eastham; 1867, 1868, Chester Snow, Harwich; 1869-1871,
NathanielE. Atwood, Provincetown; 1872, 1873, Joseph K. Baker,
Dennis; 1874, 1875, Thomas N. Stone, Wellfleet; 1876, Jonathan Hig-
gins, Orleans.

The Island district was represented within this twenty years by
Barnstable county men as follows: 1861, 1862, Charles Dillingham,
Sandwich; 1863, 1864, Nathan Crocker, Barnstable; 1867, 1868, Eras-
mus Gbuld, Fal-mouth; 1869, 1870, George A. King, Barnstable; 1873,
1874, Francis A. Nye, Falmouth; 1875, 1876, Ezra C. Howard, Sand-
wich.

Since 1877 and until the present the three counties — Banstable,
Dukes and Nantucket — have composed the Cape district, which was
represented in 1877-1879 by John B. D. Cogswell of Yarmouth; 1880,
1881, by. Samuel Snow, Barnstable: 1882, 1883, Joseph P. Johnson,
Provincetown; 1884-1886, Howes Norris, Cottage City; 1887, 1888,
Isaac N. Keith, Bourne.

David Fisk of Dennis was elected in 1888 for the session of 1889,
and by re-election is the present senator. He is one of four brothers
of that family name residing in South Dennis, who are intimately
blended with the civil history of their native town, as well as the
county. Of his ancestors little is known beyond his grandfather, Nathan
Fisk, who settled during the last century in Dennis. His son Nathan,
born in 1801, married Polly, daughter of Eliphalet Baker, one of the
descendants of the large family of that name scattered over the Cape.
Their children were eight in number, four of whom survive: Uriah
B., Luther, David and Henry H. Fisk.

David Fisk was born May 6, 1838, at West Dennis, where hjs boy-
hood was passed in acquiring such an education as was obtainable in
the public and private schools, until the age of fifteen, when he went
to sea, before the mast. Several years were passed in ascending the
scale, and at the age of twenty-two he acted as master. In this capac-
ity he continued for a period of fifteen years, coasting and occasion-
ally making a voyage to foreign ports. In 1874 he retired and has



46 HISTORY OF BARNSTABLE COUNTY.

since acted as the agent for Fisk Brothers, in building vessels and in
other shipping business. He was married in 1860 to Mary E. Wixon,
who died leaving two daughters: Marion and Alice M. In 1886 he
married for his second wife, Mary E., daughter of Zeno Gage.

As soon as he was permanently retired from the sea he was chosen
by the republican party to serve as selectman, assessor, overseer of
the poor, and surveyor of the public roads, which duties he declined
after serving six years-. He also served Uis town in the school com-
mittee three years, commencing with 1875. His ability being appre-
ciated, he was, in the autumn of 1881, elected to a seat in the legisla-
ture, and re-elected in 1832. No happier tribute could have been paid
to him than his nomination by acclamation and the election in 1888 to
a seat in the senate and again in 1889 — the highest honor of his dis-
trict. His advancement has been as marked and he has been as suc-
cessful on land as on sea, every position being filled with that natural
energy and decision which inspires confidence in his ability.

He is liberal in his views in all matters of church and state, and is
endowed with a firm and lasting friendship. In his business and
official relations he is indefatigable in the discharge of every duty.
His social proclivities induced him to unite with the Masonic frater-
nity, and there, too, he has been elevated to the highest offices of the
lodge. In every position where he has presided or mingled in the
aflFairs of his fellow townsmen, the same firmness, tempered with jus-
tice, has characterized him, and his success is established.

Representatives. — After Governor Bradford was elected his ill-
ness in 1621 made it advisable that he have an assistant; this was
continued, and in 1624 five assistants were chosen. In 1633 the num-
ber was increased to seven, and not until the arrival of Andros was
this branch of the civil government discontinued.

The election of deputies by the towns, as soon as they were legally
incorporated, was a change to a representative form of government.
The first representative assembly met June 4, 1639, at Plymouth, to
which Sandwich, Yarmouth and Barnstable sent each two deputies.
This was an enlargement as well as division of the powers of the gov-
ernment, as in these deputies were conjointly invested powers which
heretofore had been exercised by the governor and his assistants only.
The extension of the settlements had created a necessity for delega-
ting power to deputies and representatives, and thus the present repre-
sentative form of government was inaugurated. The constitution of
1780 provided that towns already incorporated and having 160 ratable
polls or less, should be entitled to one representative, to be elected in
May of each year; and corporate towns containing 375 ratable polls,
two representatives. Under this provision the representatives of the
respective towns are given in the history of each, being considered as
town officers until 1857.



CIVIL HISTORY AND INSTITUTIONS. 47

Since 1831 the legislative year begins the first Wednesday in Jan-
uary, by amendment Ten, promulgated May 11th of that year, the elec-
tions being held in November. The amendment of 1836, article Twelve,
changed the basis of representation, the census of ratable polls by
towns to be taken in May, 1837, and every tenth year thereafter. This
provided that each town of three hundred ratable polls might elect
one, and for every additional 450 polls, another representative might
be elected. By an equitable rule, towns having less than three hun-
dred polls were to be represented a portion of the ten years only; and
the reader may not expect to find the smaller towns represented every
year, while the larger may have more than one for a portion of the
time.

This arrangement was superseded in 1840 by article Thirteen of
amendments.which provided that the next decade should begin in 1841;
that the rate of representation be one for twelve hundred ratable polls
and two for thirty-six hundred. Under this rule the apportionment
of 1841 entitled each town of the county to one representative, except
the towns of Barnstable, Sandwich and Eastham, the first two to have
two each, and the latter only to have five within the ten years. This
rule of apportionment existed from 1841 to 1850, inclusive.

The apportionment of 1851 gave Barnstable two representatives
each year; Brewster one for seven years within the ten; Eastham for
four of the same period; and every other town one each year.

In May, 1857, article Twenty-one provided that the house of repre-
sentatives consist of 240 members, to be apportioned according to the
census of 1857, and the county commissioners were to district the
county at the beginning of each decade, after the legislature had as-
signed the number of representatives to the county. The same amend-
ment provided that the census shoiild again be taken in May, 1865,
and every tenth year thereafter, and the legislature should apportion
the representatives to the counties at the first session after the enume-
ration. This made a radical change in the system of apportionment,
and since the election of the representatives in the fall of 1857, they can
no longer be regarded as officers of the town, and are accordingly
noticed in the following lists. The county was entitled to nine rep-
resentatives by this act, and the commissioners divided the towns as
follows: The First district included Barnstable, Sandwich and Fal-
mouth, and was to elect three representatives; the Second included
Yarmouth, Dennis, Harwich and Chatham, with three; the Third,
Brewster, Orleans and Eastham, one; and the Fourth, Wellfleet, Truro
and Provincetown, with two.

As each person elected represented the district in which he lived,
and the residence being indicated with the name, the following lists
are believed to be explicit as showing the district and years in which
each man served:



48 HISTORY OF BARNSTABLE COUNTY.

1858. Zenas D. Bassett, Barnstable; John A. Baxter, Barnstable; Paul
Wing, Sandwich; John W. Atwood, Chatham; Thomas Dodge, Chat-
ham; Luther Studley, Dennis; Ira Mayo, Orleans; Nathaniel E. At-
wood, Provincetown; Thomas H. Lewis, Wellfleet.

1859. Nathaniel Hinckley, Barnstable; John S. Fish, Sandwich;
William Nye, jr., Falmouth; Benjamin H. Matthews, Yarmouth;
James S. Howes, Dennis; Nathaniel Doane, jr., Harwich; Elijah Cobb,
Brewster: Daniel Paine, Truro; James Gifford, Provincetown.

1860. Ansel Lewis, Barnstable; Joseph Hoxie, Sandwich; William
Nye, jr., Falmouth; Benjamin H. Matthews, Yarmouth; James S.
Howes, Dennis; Edward Smalley, Harwich; Nathan Crosby, Barn-
stable; Simeon Atwood, jr., Wellfleet; James Gifford, Provincetown.

1861. John S- Fish, Sandwich; George W. Donaldson, Falmouth;
Ansel Lewis; Samuel Higgins, Chatham; John K. Sears, Yarmouth;
Edward Smalley, Harwich; Jesse Snow, Orleans; Lewis Lombard,
Truro; James Gifford, Provincetown.

1862. Asa E. Lovell, Barnstable; Zebedee Green, Sandwich, John
K. Sears, Yarmouth; Samuel Higgins, Chatham; George W. Donald-
son, Falmouth; Danforth S. Steel, Harwich; Sylvanus Smith, East-
ham; John P. Johnson, Provincetown; Benjamin Oliver, Wellfleet.

1863. Charles Marston, Barnstable; Elisha G. Burgess, Falmouth;
Zebedee Green, Sandwich; Isaac B. Young, Chatham; Marshall S. Un-
derwood, Dennis; Danforth S. Steel, Harwich; Truman Doane, Or-
leans; Smith K. Hopkins, Truro; Benjamin Oliver, Wellfleet.

1864. Charles Marston, Barnstable, E. G. Burgess, Falmouth; Ezra
T. Pope, Sandwich; Isaac B. Young, Chatham; M. S. Underwood,
Dennis; David G. Eldridge, Yarmouth; Sylvanus Smith, Eastham;
David Wiley, Wellfleet; Henry Shortle, Provincetown.

1865. Ezra T. Pope, Sandwich; Silas Jones, Falmouth; Simeon L.
Leonard, Barnstable; David G. Eldridge, Yarmouth; Joseph Hall,
Dennis; Solomon Thacher, Harwich; Tully Crosby, Brewster; Henry
Shortle, Provincetown; Amasa Paine, Truro.

1866. Isaac K. Chipman, Sandwich; Silas Jones, Falmouth; S. L.
Leonard, Barnstable; Edmund Flinn, Chatham; Joseph Hall, Dennis;
Solomon Thacher, Harwich; Truman Doane, Orleans; Freeman A.
Smith, Provincetown; Nathaniel H. Dill, Wellfleet.

The apportionment of 1865 for the next decade put Barnstable,
Sandwich, Falmouth and Yarmouth into the First district for three
representatives; Dennis, Harwich and Brewster composed the Second,
for two; Chatham and Orleans made the Third, for one; and the four
lower towns made the Fourth district, which was entitled to two rep-
resentatives, all to be elected in November, 1866. The several incum-
bents' names and year in which each was in oflBce stand thus:

1867. Isaac K. Chipman, Sandwich; George Marston, Barnstable;



CIVIL HISTORY AND INSTITUTIONS. 49

Heman B. Chase, Yarmouth; Solomon Thacher, Harwich; Frederick
Hebard, Dennis; Edmund Flinn, Chatham; Nathaniel H. Dill, Well-
fleet; Jesse Pendegrast, Truro.

1868. Alvah Holway, Sandwich; Lemuel B. Simmons, Barnstable;
Heman B. Chase, Yarmouth; Samuel H. Gould, Brewster; Seth Cro-
well, Dennis; Ensign B. Rogers, Orleans: Henry Shortle, Province-
town; John H. Bangs, Eastham.

1869. Lemuel B. Simmons, Bam.stable; Francis A. Nye, Falmouth;
Alvah Holway, Sandwich; Samuel H. Gould, Brewster; Shubael B.
Kelley, Harwich; Ensign B. Rogers, Orleans; John C. Peake, Well-
fleet; Obadiah S. Brown, Truro.

1870. Francis A. Nye, Falmouth; Warren Marchant, Sandwich;
Henry Goodspeed, Barnstable; Shubael B. Kelley, Harwich; Joseph
K. Baker, jr., Dennis; Thomas Holway, Chatham; Joseph P. Johnson,
Provincetown; George T. Wyer, Wellfleet.

1871. Henry Goodspeed, Barnstable; J. B. D. Cogswell, Yarmouth;
Ezra C. Howard, Sandwich; Erastus Chase, Harwich; Joseph K. Baker,
Dennis; Thomas Holway, Chatham; Joseph P. Johnson; Provincetown;
George T. Wyer, Wellfleet.

1872. Ezra C. Howard, Sandwich; J. B. D. Cogswell, Yarmouth;
Nathaniel Sears, Barnstable; Erastus Chase, Harwich; Zoeth Snow,
jr., Brewster; Lot Higgins, Orleans; Jesse S. Pendergrast, Truro;
Reuben G. Sparks, Provincetown.

1873. J. B. D. Cogswell, Yarmouth; Nathaniel Sears, Barnstable;
Philip H. Robinson, Sandwich; David P. Howes, Dennis; Zoeth Snow,
jr., Brewster; Lot Higgins, Orleans; R. G. Sparks, Provincetown;
Thomas N. Stone, Wellfleet.

1874. Levi L. Goodspeed, Barnstable; Philip H. Robinson, Sand-
wich; Joshua C. Robinson, Falmouth; David P. Howes, Dennis; George
D. Smalley, Harwich; Solomon E. Hallett, Chatham; Henry Shortle,
Provincetown; Lewis Lombard, Eastham.

1875. Levi L. Goodspeed, Barnstable; Joshua C. Robinson, Fal-
mouth; Isaac N. Keith, Sandwich; George D. Smalley, Harwich;
Luther Fisk, Dennis; S. Eldredge Hallett, Chatham; Isaiah A. Small,
Provincetown; Edward W. Noble, Truro.

1876. Samuel Snow, Barnstable; Daniel Wing, Yarmouth; I. N.
Keith, Sandwich; Freeman Doane, Orleans; Isaiah Small, Province-
town; Noah Swett, Wellfleet; Elisha Crocker, jr., Brewster; Luther
Fisk, Dennis.

The relative decrease in population at the next decade left Barn-
stable county entitled to six representatives from 1877 to 1886, inclu-
sive. Six districts were formed, with one representative to each, the
first embracing Sandwich and Falmouth; the second Barnstable and
Mashpee; the third Yarmouth and Dennis; the fourth Harwich and
4



60 HISTORY OF BARNSTABLE COUNTY.

Chatham; the fifth Brewster, Orleans, Eastham and Wellfleet; and the
sixth including Truro and Provincetown. The representatives dur-
ing this decade with the year of service were:

1877. Crocker H. Bearse, Falmouth; Samuel Snow, Barnstable;
Daniel Wing, Yarmouth; Abiathar Doane, Harwich; Noah Swett,
Wellfleet; Henry Shortle, Provincetown.

1878. Isaiah Fish, Sandwich; Asa Lovell, Barnstable; Thomas
Prince Howes, Dennis; Abiathar Doane, Harwich; Freeman Doane,
Orleans; Henry Shortle, Provincetown.

1879. Isaiah Fish, Sandwich; Asa Lovell, Barnstable; Thomas P.
Howes, Dennis; Rufus Smith, Chatham; Elisha Crocker, jr., Brewster;
Bangs A. Lewis, Provincetown.

1880. James E. GiflFord, Falmouth; Clark Lincoln, Barnstable;
Charles F. Swift, Yarmouth; Erastus Nickerson, Chatham; Jesse H.
Freeman, Wellfleet; Joseph P. Johnson, Provincetown.

1881. James E. Gifford, Falmouth; Clark Lincoln, Barnstable;
Charles F. Swift, Yarmouth; Watson B. Kelley, Harwich; Jesse H.
Freeman, Wellfleet; Atkins Hughes, Truro.

1882. Bradford B. Briggs, Sandwich; F. D. Cobb, Barnstable; David
Fisk, Dennis: Watson B. Kelley, Harwich; John A. Clark, Eastham;
Atkins Hughes, Truro.

1883. Bradford B. Briggs. Sandwich; F. D.Cobb, Barnstable; David
Fisk, Dennis; Clarendon A. Freeman, Chatham; Solomon Linnell 2d,
Orleans; Edward E. Small, Provincetown.

1884. Meltiah Gifford, Falmouth; Zenas E. Crowell, Barnstable;
Joshua Crowell, Dennis; Clarendon A. Freeman, Chatham; Solomon
Linnell, 2d, Orleans; Edward E. Small, Provincetown.

1885. Asa P. Tobey, Falmouth; Z. E. Crowell, Barnstable; Joshua
Crowell, Dennis; Ambrose N. Doane, Harwich; Tully Crosby, jr.,
Brewster; Benjamin D. Atkins, Provincetown.

1886. Charles Dillingham, Sandwich; Watson F. Hammond, Mash-
pee; George H. Loring, Yarmouth; Ambrose N. Doane, Harwich;
Isaiah C. Young, Wellfleet; Benjamin D. Atkins, Provincetown.

The present apportionment, made in 1886 from the census of 1885,
entitles the county to four representatives. The First district includes
Dennis and the six towns west of it, and elects two representatives.
Charles Dillingham, Sandwich, and George H. Loring, Yarmouth,
represented this district in 1887; A. R. Eldridge, Bourne, and Joshua
Crowell, Dennis, represented it in 1888 and 1889; and Nathan Edson,
Barnstable, and George E. Clarke, Falmouth, in 1890.

The second district, with one representative, includes the towns
of Harwich, Chatham, Brewster and Orleans. It was represented in
1887 by John H. Clark, Brewster; in 1888 by Joseph W. Rogers, Or-
leans; in 1889 by George Eldridge, Chatham; and in 1890 by Dr.
George N. Munsell, Harwich.



CIVIL HISTORY AND INSTITUTIONS. 51

The lower four towns are embraced in the third district, which
was represented in 1887 by Isaiah C. Young, Wellfleet; in 1888 and
1889 by David Conwell, Provincetown; and in 1890 by Richard A.
Rich, of Truro.

Sheriffs. — William Bassett was the first sheriff of the county. He
was appointed under the charter. May 27, 1692. The successive in-



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