Society of California Pioneers (San Francisco).

Catalogue of gold, silver, copper, brass, bronze and porcelain coins and medals : composed of the well known collections of Dr. Spiers and C. T. Ward, Jr., besides additions from 1877 to the present time ; this collection is composed of online

. (page 1 of 13)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

UC-NRLF



C J



lilllllllllllll jllllllllillll ll jllil III llll I
B 3 fl^fl 2bE



CATALOGUE

of



Coins and Medals

Belonging to the Society of

California Pioneers









^
K




f



PRESS OF

PHILLIPS a VAN ORDEN CO

S09-515 HOWARD ST.

SAN FRA.-JCiSCO



CATALOGUE



OF



Gold, Silver, Copper, Brass, Bronze
and Porcelain



Coins and Medals



Composed of the well known collections of Dr. Spiers

and G. T. Ward, Jr., besides additions|froni

1877 to the present time



11 / 1



-nee TS>



This Collection is Composed of the

Most Rare and Valuable Medals and
Coins of all Nations

From the earliest coinage of the Ancitnts, dorvn to the present time



SAN FRANCISCO
1909



■AioV^






INTRODUCTION



to



Catalogue Issued in 1877



The person who made the collection of ancient and modern
coins and medals in the cases numbered from one to twenty-
eight inclusive, in the following catalogue, is Dr. Charles
Spiers, a resident of California since 1849, and recently elected
a member of the Society of CaUfornia Pioneers. He is now in
his seventy-seventh year, and has been a coin collector since he
was fourteen years of age. With him it has been a labor of
love. He was born and reared in Mrginia, and from his boy-
hood has taken a deep interest in the collection of rare and
curious coins. Whenever a specimen came into his hands it
incited a desire to study the history of the period and visit the
country where it was coined. In pursuit of this pleasure he has
visited, in the last forty j^ears, nearly all the European govern-
ments, and also China, Japan, Australia, Central and South
America — in fact, almost every country which can boast of a
metallic currency as a representative of its civilization.

We know that coins have been for nearly three thousand
years the representatives of certain values and the medium of
exchange between different nations; that medals, for the same
length of time, have been the emblems issued by different gov-
ernments and various authorities, to commemorate some impor-
tant event in history or to ennoble and perpetuate acts of daring,
courage and humanity. The study of these coins and medals is
the study of ancient and modern history. They bring us in
contact with the prominent rulers of the world, and show us the
rise and fall of kingdoms and empires, of liberal and despotic
governments, in the progress of numismatic science. Hence the
Doctor has become not only an extensive traveler, in the



370867



4 INTRODUCTION

pursuit of rare and curious coins, but also an exact historian;
and in these silent metallic emblems he cannot only scan the
present, but

"Read the long records of a distant age."

Like all men who make some subject a specialty of their
lives, Doctor Spiers is an enthusiast upon this subject of speci-
men coin collection, and, from having been so long engaged
in it, has grown to be an unsurpassed expert. Thus we have
surety that every coin mentioned in this catalogue is just as
represented. They were not collected for sale or speculation.

In addition to the European and American coinage of inter-
mediate and modern civilization, are specimens of ancient Phoe-
nicia, Persia, Assyria, Greece, Egypt, Judea, Rome, Carthage,
of the Saracenic empire, and of the more eastern Asiatics,
including those seemingly ever living nations, China and Japan.

The following catalogue was prepared by Dr. Spiers, and
differs, in some particulars, from the usual methods of cata-
loguing coins. They are not classified in the old style, but
placed in glass-covered cases, on black velvet ground, according
to size, without regard to nationality or date, so as to preserve
a uniformity in the cases. Each case and coin being numbered,
a description will be readily found in the printed list.

The orthography authorized by the government at the time
these coins and medals were issued is copied in the catalogue.

Various opinions of coin experts and numismatologists
could be adduced as to the value of this collection, but it is
considered only necessary to give the opinion of Dr. Linderman,
the Director of the United States Mint.

At the request of Wm. S. O'Brien, Esq., on behalf of the
committee on coins. Dr. Linderman, while in San Francisco
last January, examined this collection, then at Pioneer Hall.
The Doctor said that "he had seen the numismatic collections
in the mints and museums of Paris and London, and was
familiar with the extensive collection in the Philadelphia Mint;
but he pronounced this collection as surpassing, in rarity,
antiqueness, and beauty of specimens, any collection he had
ever seen. He expressed the opinion that such a rare and
valuable collection ought to be secured by the United States
Government, and placed in the mint at San Francisco, as this
establishment is now one of the most important in the world."

The appreciation in the value of coins is one of the most
singular features in history. Why should a silver coin that is
known to be worth only one hundred cents in copper, sell
for a hundred or a thousand times its intrinsic value? For
example, case number 28 contains 52 silver dollars, representing
every coinage of the silver dollar by our Government since
1794 to the present time. The coinage of ISO-l is the rarest



INTRODUCTION' O

and most valuable. The coin quotation sales show that this
dollar has sold at auction at five different times within the
last sixteen vears at prices as follows: $325, $440, $860,
$700, and $1,400.

Nearly every government in Europe and Asia has a collection
of coins.

• Our Government has no collection at Washington City.
There are many private collections in the United States, and
this one made b}^ Dr. Spiers is considered one of the best and
most desirable. It is the result of a lifetime of labor and
travel.

The Doctor has transferred this collection to the Pioneers,
considering the transfer entirely in the nature of a donation.

Knowing that Pioneer Hall is not fire-proof, the Committee
on Coins, pursuant to instruction from the Board of Directors,
obtained permission from General La Grange, the present
Superintendent of the United States ]\Iint in this city, to deposit
this collection temporarily in the mint for safe keeping. A
room was very kindly appropriated for their use, where they
can be seen b}'' the Pioneers and the public during office hours.

The coins in the cases numbered from 29 to 36 inclusive,
belonged to the Pioneers before the acquisition of the Spiers
collection.

By order of the Society of California Pioneers.
San Francisco, July 26th, 1877.



INTRODUCTION

to Edition of 1909



The introduction to the catalogue issued in 1877 refers only
to the collection of Dr. Spiers, which Dr. Linderman, for
years Director of the Mint, stated was the finest collection he
had ever seen.

Since that time the large collection of C. T. Ward, Jr., and
other smaller collections have been added.

A well known expert after examining the collection in 1908,
stated that a good many of the coins were the only ones of
their kind in existence.

The Society of California Pioneers.

June 1, 1909.



CATALOGUE



CASE No. I.



1 — A silver ten cent coin of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico.
Obverse, eagle and wreath, "10 cents." Date, 1866. Con-
dition, perfect. Very rare.

2 — A fine silver half crown of Charles VI, Emperor of Ger-
many. Obverse, a fine head and full bust of the Emperor
in full court dress; name and title. Reverse, a double
eagle, crowned, and inscription. Date, 1731. In splendid
condition. Rare.

3 — A fine silver half crown of Louis XIV, the great King of
France. Obverse, a fine head, name and title of the King.
Reverse, crown, coat of arms and inscription. Date, 1663.
In perfect condition. Rare.

4 — A silver half dollar of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico.
Obverse, head, name and title of the Emperor. Reverse,
eagle and inscription. Date, 1866. Condition, perfect.
Rare.

5 — A silver ten cent coin of Hong Kong, China. Obverse,
head, name and title of Victoria, Queen of England. Re-
verse, Chinese characters. Date, 1867. Perfect.

6 — A silver coin (dime size), of Japan. Obverse, wreath
and emblems. Reverse, a dragon or large snake. Perfect.

7 — United States 25 cents of 1853. Perfect.

8 — A large copper coin of Russia, in the reign of Paul, Em-
peror. Obverse, eagle and inscription. Reverse, inscrip-
tion. Condition, perfect. Date, 1798.

9 — Two reals, cob money of Spain. Coat of arms on obverse
and reverse. Condition, very fine.



8 CATALOGUE OF COINS

JO — A silver ten cent coin of Hong Kong. Obverse, head,
name and title of Victoria, Queen of England. Reverse,
Chinese characters. Perfect.

J 1 — A "silver shilling of William IV, King of England. Ob-
verse, head, name and title of the King. Reverse, crown
and coat of arms. Date, 1826. Condition, perfect.

12 — A silver shilling of Victoria, Queen of England. Obverse,
head, name and title. Reverse, crown, coat of arms and
inscription. Date, 1849. Perfect.

13 — A fine large silver dollar of Peter II, Emperor of Brazil.
Obverse, a fine large crown, wreath and coat of arms, inscrip-
tion, etc. Reverse, "2,000" within a fine circular wreath.
Date, 1863. Condition, as perfect as when it was coined.

14 — A silver 25 cent coin of Japan, new money. Obverse,
wreath and emblems. Reverse, dragon, or large snake,
and Japanese characters. Condition, perfect.

15— United States 25 cents of 1857. Perfect.

16 — A silver ten cent coin of Hong Kong. Obverse, head,
name and title of Victoria, Queen of England. Reverse,
Chinese characters and English inscription. Condition,
perfect.

17 — A fifty cent silver coin of Hong Kong. Obverse, head,
name and title of Victoria, Queen of England. Reverse,
Chinese characters and English inscription. Date, 1866.

18 — A five franc coin of Napoleon III, Emperor of France,
Obverse, head, name and title of the Emperor. Reverse,
crown and coat of arms. Date, 1869. In beautiful condi-
tion and rare.

19— United States half dollar of 1835. Perfect.
20— United States dime of 1825. Perfect.
21— United States 25 cents of 1837. Perfect.

22— A thick, heavy, silver coin of Persia. Weight, 60 cents
in silver. Persian inscription on obverse and reverse. Very
old and rare. Condition, splendid.



CASE NUMBER ONE 9

23 — A veiy fine bronze medal of George III Kins; of England.
Obverse, fine head of the King, and around the margin
the following inscription: "Ilhistrioiis House of Bruns-
wick, ASCD, the throne of Great Britain, August 1st, 1714."
Reverse, a crowned female figure, standing bv the side of a
large lion, with a three-pronged fork in the right hand and a
winged angel in the left, also coat of arms and inscription.
In beautiful condition. Size, 32.

24 — A quarter pagoda (silver). Obverse, a tower and eighteen
stars. Reverse, a wreath, elephant and inscription. Date,
1625. In perfect condition and rare.

25 — A fine silver coin (quarter dollar size) of Frederick VII,
King of Denmark. Obverse, head, name and title of the
King. Reverse, crown, coat of arms and inscription. Date,
1862. Perfect.

26— United States dime of 1841. Perfect.

27 — A fine silver half crown of Wurtemburg, Germany.
Obverse, a large crown, coat of arms and inscription. Re-
verse, stag or antelope, and inscription. Date, 1764. Rare
and in perfect condition.

28 — A fine silver dollar, new money of Japan. Obverse,
wreath and Japanese emblems. Reverse, dragon or large
snake and inscription. In perfect condition, and a beautiful
coin.

29— United States half dollar of 1840. Perfect.

30 — United States dime of 1831. Condition, beautiful.

31— United States 25 cents of 1868. Perfect.

32— United States 25 cents of 1844. Perfect.

33 — A fine silver dollar of Petrus II, Emperor of Brazil. Ob-
verse, a large crown and wreath, inscription, etc. Reverse,
"2,000" within a round wreath and inscription. Date,
1867. Condition, perfect.

34 — A fine silver J crown of Brunswick and Lunenburg.
Obverse, the wild man of the mountains, holding to a tree,
and inscription. Reverse, "VI Mariengros," within a
beaded circle. Date, 1695. In splendid condition.

35— United States 25 cents of 1869. Perfect.



10 CATALOGUE OF COINS

36 — A ten cent silver coin, new money of Japan. Obverse,
wreath and emblems. Reverse, dragon or snake and in-
scription. Condition, perfect.

37— United States 25 cents of 1853. Perfect.

38 — A large copper coin of Josephus I, King of Portugual.
Obverse, name and title of the King, a large crown and
coat of arms. Reverse, inscription and date of 1763. In
splendid condition. Rare.

39 — A silver | crown of Frederick VII, King of Denmark.
Obverse, fine head of the King, name and title. Reverse,
crown and inscription. Date, 1863. Condition, perfect.

40— United States dime of 1835. Perfect.

41 — A silver real of Isabel, Queen of Spain. * Obverse, head,
name and title of the Queen. Reverse, crown, coat of
arms and inscription. Date, 1853. Condition, perfect.

42 — A beautiful silver half dollar of Guatemala. Obverse, a
blazing sun, coat of arms and inscription. Reverse, a large
"50" in the center, and "Centavos" above. Date, 1870.
Condition perfect.

43 — A two franc silver coin of Switzerland. Obverse, ''2 Fr."
within a fine round wreath, no inscription. Reverse, a
female figure sitting with a cross at her side, and the right
hand and arm pointing forward, and above her head the
word "Helvetia." Date, 1850. A beautiful coin and
in perfect condition.

44— United States half dollar of 1861. Perfect.

45— United States dime of 1852. Perfect.



CASE No. 2.

1— United States 25 cents of 1871. Perfect.
2— United States half dime of 1844. Perfect.
3— United States half dime of 1830. Perfect.
4— United States 25 cents of 1834. Perfect.
5— United States half dime of 1867. Perfect.
6— United States half dime of 1860. Perfect.
7— United States 25 cents of 1874. Perfect.



CASE NUMBER TWO 11

8— United States 25 cents of 1872. Perfect.
9— United States half dime of 1843. Perfect.
10— United States half dime of 1831. Perfect.
11— United States 25 cents of 1849. Perfect.
12— United States half dime of 1839. Perfect.
13— United States half dime of 1862. Perfect.
14— United States 25 cents of 1853. Perfect.
15 — United States 25 cents of 1875. Perfect.
16— United States half dime of 1841. Perfect.
17— United States half dime of 1832. Perfect.
18 — United States 25 cents of 1854. Perfect.
19— United States half dime of 1872. Perfect.
20— United States half dime of 1873. Perfect.
21— United States 25 cents of 1831. Perfect.
22— United States 25 cents of 1858. Perfect.
23— United States half dime of 1858. Perfect.
24— United States half dime of 1833. Perfect.
25— United States 25 cents of 1856. Perfect.
26— United States half dime of 1861. Perfect.
27 — United States half dime of 1876. Perfect.
28— United States 25 cents of 1862. Perfect.

29 — A fine silver dollar of Isabel, Queen of Spain. Obverse,
head, name and title of the queen. Reverse, crown, coat
of arms, etc. Date, 1868. Perfect.

30— United States dime of 1837. Perfect.

31 — A fine, large silver crown of Brunswick and Lunenburg.
Obverse, a large crown with a man on each side, holding to
a tree, coat of arms, etc. Around the margin is the following,
"Carolus Dux Brunswick and Lumb." Reverse, a mining
camp and a female, standing erect and playing on a musical
instrument. Date, 1685. A beautiful and rare crown, in
perfect condition.

32 — United States dime of 1850. Perfect.



12 CATALOGUE OF COINS

33 — One of the early silver dollars of Peru. Obverse, a crown
surmounted by a tree, four flags, an eagle on one side of
the crown, and a curious long-necked animal on the other
side. Around the margin, "Peru, Libre. M. 8 R. I. P."

• Reverse, a large column in the center, a male figure standing
on one side of it with a drawn sword in the right hand and a
cross in the other. On the opposite side a female standing
with an olive branch in the left hand. Around the margin
the following, "Por la Yirtud y la Justicia." Date, 1822.
In splendid condition, and very rare.

34— United States dime of 1840. Perfect.

35— United States dime of 1857. Perfect.

36— United States dime of 1873. Perfect.

37— United States dime of 1874. Perfect.

38 — A very large silver crown of Westphalia, Germany.
Obverse, a fine large crown, coat of arms and inscription.
Reverse, Monastery in the centre and St. Paul in a cloud
with a drawn sword in his right hand, inscription, etc.
Date, 1661. In beautiful condition and very rare. Size, 31.

39 — A fine, large, bronze medal of Leopold I, King of Belgium.
Obverse, a fine | face and full bust of the King in full uni-
form. Around the margin this inscription, "Leopold I,
Roi Des Beiges." Reverse, three men, gaudily dressed
stand on a pedestal and three others sitting below. German
inscription around the margin. Date, 1814. Size, 46.
A splendid medal and very rare.

40 — A fine old silver dollar of Turkey, entirely unlike the
Turkish coins of the last 200 years. Turkish inscription on
obverse and reverse. In splendid condition and a very rare
coin. Size, 28.

41— United States dime of 1856. Perfect. "

42 — United States dime of 1853, without arrows. In perfect
condition and very rare.

43— United States dime of 1870. Perfect.

44— United States dime of 1875. Perfect.



CASE NUMBER TWO 13

45 — A beautiful five franc silver coin of the Republic of France.
Obverse, a fine circular wreath with "Five Francs" and
"1848" in the center, inscription, etc. Reverse, a iar^e
nude male figure standing in the center, and a female standing
on each side of him. Inscription as follows: "Liberte,
Equalite, Fraternite." As perfect and as brilliant as when
it came from the mint. Rare.

46— United States dime of 1831. Perfect.

47 — A beautiful Swiss coin, dollar size. Obverse, a long
horned goat standing in the center, and a man on each side,
three arms extended through a cloud with their hands
clasped. Lengthy inscription. Reverse, crown, flags and
inscription. Date, 1842. In splendid condition, and rare.

48— United States dime of 1843. Perfect.

49 — A silver dollar of Mexico. Obverse, eagle, wreath and
inscription. Reverse, liberty cap, blazing sun, etc. Date,
1862. Condition, perfect.

50 — A silver coin, quarter dollar size, of Brunswick and Lux-
emburg, with the names of George, Rudolph, Augustus
and Anthony Ulrich as dukes. Obverse, wild man of the
mountains with bearskin hat, holding to a tree. Reverse,
"VI Marin Gros" within a wreath." Date, 1689. Condi-
tion, perfect. Rare.

51 — A small silver coin, dime size, of the Netherlands. Ob-
verse, crown and lion. Reverse, inscription. Date, 1853.
Condition, perfect.

52 — A fine little silver coin, dime size, of Russia. Obverse,
crown, wreath and inscription. Reverse, double eagle
and inscription. Date, 1853. Condition, perfect.

53 — A fine silver shilling of George I King of England. Ob-
verse, fine head and bust of the King, name and title. Re-
verse, four crowns, cross, coat of arms and inscription.
Date, 1723. Perfect.

54 — A silver J franc of Napoleon I, Emperor of France. Ob-
verse, head, name and title of the Emperor. Reverse,
crown and inscription. Date, ISIO. Condition, perfect.

55 — A small silver coin, half dime size, of Persia. Inscription
on obverse and reverse. Perfect.

56 — A silver coin, quarter dollar size, of Belgium. Obverse,
large crown, two lions and inscription. Reverse, a large,
full rigged ship under full sail. Date, 1678. Perfect.



14 CATALOGUE OF COINS

57— United States- 25 cents of 1873. Perfect.

58 — A small silver coin of Portugal. Obverse, crown and
inscription. Reverse, wreath and "50 leis." Date, 1863.
Condition, perfect.
%

59 — United States half dime of 1857. Perfect.

60 — A fine silver shilling of William II, King of England.
Obverse, fine head of the King, name and title. Reverse,
crown, coat of arms, etc. Date 1832. Perfect.

61 — A I silver franc of Louis XVIII, King of France. Ob-
verse, head, name and title of the King. Reverse, crown,
coat of arms, etc. Date, 1822. Condition, perfect. Rare.

62 — Silver half real of the Republic of Central America. Ob-
verse, sun, mountains, etc. Reverse, a coffee tree in tlie
center, inscription, etc. Date, 1830. Perfect.

63— United States 25 cents of 1873. Perfect.

64— United States 25 cents of 1874. Perfect.

65 — United States half dime of 1859. Perfect.

66— United States half dime of 1836. Perfect.

67— United States 25 cents of 1857. Perfect.

68— United States 25 cents of 1872. Perfect.

69— United States half dime of 1876. Perfect.

70— United States 25 cents of 1858. Perfect.

71— United States 25 cents of 1845. Perfect.

72— United States half dime of 1832. Perfect.

73— United States half dime of 1841. Perfect.

74— United States 25 cents of 1818. Perfect.

75— United States half dime of 1854. Perfect.

76— United States half dime of 1856. Perfect.

77— United States 25 cents of 1843. Perfect.



CASE NUMBER THREE 15

CASE No. 3.

1— United States dollar of 1870. Perfect.

2— United States dime of 1873. Perfect.

3— United States dollar of 1871. Perfect.

4 — United States dime of 1872. Perfect.

5 — A fine new Japanese silver dollar. Obverse, a fine wreath,
round beaded circle, and emblems. Reverse, dragon, and
Japanese language. Date, 1873. Condition, perfect.

6 — Five old Japanese silver coins, half an inch long and
one-fourth of an inch wide. Beaded edges and Japanese
characters on obverse and reverse. Conditions, perfect.

7 — A fine silver dollar of the Republic of Central America.
Obverse, mountains and head within a round circle, and
around the margin "Republica del Centro de America."
Reverse, a large tree within a round circle, language, etc.
Date, 1836. Condition, perfect. Rare.

8 — A one-penny silver coin of Victoria, Queen of England.
Obverse, head, name, and title of the Queen. Reverse,
crown, "1 penny," &c. Perfect. Date, 1842.

9 — A fine bronze medal of Napoleon and M. Louise, Emperor
and Empress of France. Obverse, fine heads of the Emperor
and Empress. Reverse, two figures, male and female,
standing near together, each holding the right hand of the
other, and around the margin the following: "Napoleon
Emp. et Roi, M. Louise D'Autriche." Date, 1810. A
splendid medal. Size, 26.

10— United States dime of 1873. Perfect.

li — A fine silver medal of George III and Charlotte, King
and Queen of England. Obverse, fine heads and bust of
the King and Queen, in full court dress, names and titles
around the margin. Reverse, filled up with language
expressing the joy of the people at the accession of George
III to the throne of the imperial realms of Great Britain
and Ireland, Oct. 25th, 1760. This medal is in splendid
condition, and very rare. Size, 24.

12— United States half dime of 1865. Perfect.

13 — A silver penny of William IV, King of England. Obverse,
head, name, and title of the King. Reverse, crown, a large
"1," etc. Date, 1836. Condition, perfect.



16 CATALOGUE OF COINS

14 — United States lialf dime of 1S71. Perfect.

15 — United States half dime of 1872. Perfect.

16— United States half dime of 1873. Perfect.

17 — A fine large copper coin of Uruguay. Obverse, a fine
large wreath, and "40 centesimos" in the center. Reverse,
head and blazing sun in the center, and around the margin
the following: "Republica Oriental del Uruguay." Date
1857. Condition, perfect.

18 — A fine little three-cent silver coin of Mexico. Obverse,
head with liberty cap. Reverse, wreath, and Spanish
language. Perfect.

19 — A fine silver dollar of Alfonso XII, King of Spain. Ob-
verse, fine head, name, and title of the King. Reverse,
crown and coat of arms. Date, 1873. Condition, perfect.

20 — One-penny silver coin of Victoria, Queen of England.
Obverse, head, name, and title of Queen. Reverse, crown
and a large "one." Date, 1843. Condition, perfect.

21 — A fine large copper coin of Russia, in the reign of Nicholas
I. Obverse, crown and Russian language. Reverse, double
eagle, crowned. Date, 1831. Condition, perfect.

22— United States dime of 1856. Perfect.

23— One silver penny of Wilham IV, King of England. Ob-
verse, head, name, and title of the King. Reverse, crown,
and a large "1." Date, 1837. Perfect."


1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13