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Marquis of Dorset. He died in 1523.

John Grey, her son, second Viscount L'Isle of that creation,
married Margaret, daughter of Thomas Howard, Duke of
Norfolk.

He died in 1512, leaving an only daughter Elizabeth. She



The Brook Family. 55

was contracted in marriage with Charles Brandon, afterward
Duke of Suffolk, and he was in consequence on 5th March,
5 Henry VIII (1514), created Viscount L'Isle, but when she
became of age, she refused to have him, and the patent was
cancelled. She soon afterwards married Henry Courtenay,
the unfortunate Marquis of Exeter (of Colcombe), as his first
wife, but died without issue before 1526, leaving her aunt,
Elizabeth Grey, her father's surviving sister as her heir.
The Marquis married secondly Gertrude, daughter of William
Blount, fourth Lord Montjoy, ob. 1535, to whose grandson
Charles Blount, eighth Lord Montjoy, K.G., created Earl of
Devon, James I subsequently gave Olditch and Weycroft,
after the attainder of Henry, the last ill-fated Lord Cobham.

The Avardship of Elizabeth, the surviving daughter of the
before-named Sir Edward Grey, had been obtained by Ed-
mund Dudley, the rapacious minister of Henry VIII, and he
subsequently married her, but was attainted and beheaded by
Henry VIII on Tower Hill, 28th August, 1511. There
were four children, John, Andrew, and Jerome, and a daughter
Elizabeth, married to William, sixth Lord Stourton.

John, their eldest son, only eight years old at his father's
death, was restored " in name, blood, and degree," and in-
herited all his father's property ; but his life was a troublesome
one, notwithstanding his honours and ambition, and ended at
last like his father's, on the scaffold. In him the Viscounty
of L'Isle was again revived, the antient dignity of his mother's
family, on 12th March, 1542, the year following the death
without male issue of his step-father, Arthur Plantagenet,
who had been so created. He became the well-known Duke
of Northumberland, who together with his son. Lord Guilford,
and his wife, the unfortunate Lady Jane Grey, all perished
successively at the headsman's block.

A further and distinguished alliance awaited Elizabeth Grey,
the widow of Edmund Dudley, and grand-daughter of Johanna
Chedder. She married secondly Arthur Plantagenet, natural



56 Papers, Sfc.

son of King Edward IV, by the Lady Elizabeth Lucy. He
was installed Knight of the Garter, and created on 26th April,
1533, on surrender of that dignity by Charles Brandon, Vis-
count L'Isle.

In Risdon's Note Book, it is stated that "he was knighted
at Turney," and is included among the Devonshire peers as
"Arthur Plantaginet, Viscont Lisley, of Umberley," in Devon,
with the arms — Quarterly, first and fourth, England quar-
tering France, second and third ; or, a cross gules, oi^er all a
bendlet sinister sable.

His death, although happening in an indirect manner, must
include him among the victims that perished in the blood-
stained reign of Henry VIII.

" In 1533, he was Lieutenant of Calais, and sometime after incurring sus-
picion of being privy to a plot to deliver the garrison to the French, he was
recalled and committed to the Tower ; but his innocence appearing manifest
upon investigation, the King not only gave immediate oi'ders for his release,
but sent him a diamond ring, and a most gracious message, which made such
an impression on the sensitive nobleman that he died the night following, 3rd
March, 1541, of excessive joy."

Three daughters and co-heirs only, were the issue of this
marriage, Bridget, Frances, and Elizabeth. Bridget married
Sir William Carden ; Elizabeth, Sir Thomas Jobson ; Frances,
the second daughter, by both her marriages found her home
in Devon.

Her first husband was John Basset, of Umberleigh, in
North Devon. He was the eldest son and heir of Sir John
Basset, Knt,, of Umberleigh, Sheriff of Devon, 1524-5, died
31st January, 1539, by his first wife Honor, daughter of Sir
Thomas Grenville, Knt., ob. 17th March, 1513, whose tomb
and effigy are in Bideford Church. The brass of himself, his
wives, and their twelve children is in Atherington Church ;
he is bare-headed, but otherwise in full armour ; his wives,
Honor Grenville, and Ann, daughter of .John Dennys, of
Orleigh, in pedimental head-dresses, gowns with full sleeves
guarded with fur, and girdles with dependant chains and





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JOHN BASSETT AND HIS WIVES.

ATHEBINGTON CIIUECU, DEVOK.



The Brook Family. 57

pomander balls. The arms are Basset quartering Willington
and Beaumont, impaling Grenville and Dennys.*

John Basset, the first husband of Frances Plantagenet, was
Sheriff' of Cornwall, 1518 and 1523, and died 20th April,
1541. There were two children, a son described on an ad-
joining tomb as ''^ the Worshipful and Worthy Sir Arthur,'''
perished of gaol fever after the Black Assizes at Exeter, in
1586, and a daughter married to William Whiddon.

Secondly, she married Thomas Monke, of Potheridge in
Merton, North Devon (as his first wife), ob. 1583, by whom
she had three sons and three daughters. By her eldest son
she was great-grandmother of George Monke, the " Restora-
tion " Duke of Albemarle.

Thus through this long and intricate genealogy are inter-
esting local associations constantly interwoven, and the strain
of Chedder perpetuated.



j|3eUJton = Cbentier = 16took,

OF YATTON AND EAST HARPTREE.

The descent from Isabel, second daughter of Thomas Chedder
and Isabel Scobahull, and grand-daughter of Lady Johanna
Brook, of Olditch, by her first husband Robert Chedder,
although not so distinguished as her elder sister, is neverthe-
less most interesting in connection with our little history.

Presumably — for there is some obscurity in the early pub-
lished pedigrees of Newton — it was Frances Newton, a de-
scendant of Thomas Newton, brother to Sir John Newton,
the husband of Isabel Chedder, who was destined to become
the second wife of William Brook, K.G., fifth Baron of

* It may be noted here that the series of brasses illustrating this account
have all been engraved from rubbings specially taken and completed by the
author and are fac-similes ; as also the views of Olditch and Weycroft from
photographs taken by him ; and for three of the other illustrations that bear his
initials, to the kindness of Mr. Roscoe Gibbs, from his original drawings.

Vol. XL I V (Third Series, Vol. I V ), Part II. h



58 Papers^ Sfc.

Cobham, and mother with seven other children of Henry
Brook, K.G., the sixth and last unfortunate Baron of that
descent, so cruelly used by James I, as also of his brother,
George Brook, who perished on the scaffold at Winchester,
5th December, 1603, for alleged participation in what was
termed " Raleigh's conspiracy."

Isabel Chedder married Sir John Newton, who was the
eldest son of Sir Richard Newton, Chief Justice of the
Common Pleas, by Emma, daughter of Sir John Perrot, of
Islington.

The Judge and his wife are buried in the Court-de-Wyck
Chapel, or north transept of Yattou Church, under a high
tomb, whereon are their effigies in alabaster, originally painted
and gilded, and displaying fine examples of the legal and
social costume of the age. The Judge wears a long red robe
with tippet and hood, collar of S.S., a narrow jewelled belt
from which depends a short sword, and scrip or purse, on his
head a coif, pulled down over the ears and tied under the chin,
a fringe of hair shcAving over the forehead. There is great
expression in the features indicating a powerful mind, and is
probably a portrait. His head rests on a helmet with crest of
Newton (or Cradoc), a wheat sheaf issua.nt from a ducal coronet^
both gilded. Several rings are on his fingers, and one on the
thumb of the right hand. At his feet two dogs. The lady
in rich robes and a profusion of massive jewellery, with rosary,
at her feet a dog with collar and bells.

There is no inscription, underneath are angels bearing shields,
the bearings denuded, but they appear to have been Newton,
Or, on a chevron azure, three (/arbs of the first, and Newton
quartering Perrot, Gules, three pears pendant or, and those of
his ancestor, Nicholas Sherborne, Ermine, four fusils in fess
sable. He was admitted Sergeant-at-law, 1424 ; Judge on
Circuit, 1426; Recorder of Bristol, 1430; Justice of the
Common Pleas, 8th November, J 438, and died soon after.
He appears to have left two sons, John and Thomas.



The Brook Family. 59

Sir .lohn Newton, the eldest, in right of his wife, ajipears
to have been of Court-de-Wyck, in Yatton, a manor originally
belonging to the de Wycks, or Wykes, from them to the de
Gyeues, and from them to the Chedders, and to have built or
rebuilt the mansion there, on which were his arms, with those
of his wife, and also of Norris. From the similarity of the
details of the portions preserved of Court-de-Wyck, now at
('levedon Court, which are given as the frontispiece of Rutter's
Somerset^ and those found on Yatton Church, together with
apparently the arms of Sherborne impaling Chedder on the
fine south porch, it is probable they were considerably inter-
ested in the rebuilding of that edifice, in addition to the con-
struction of the "New Chapel " of St. John, east of the north
transept in which they were interred.

According to the Visitations, 1531-73, they appear to have
had one son Richard, ob. 1501, who married Elizabeth St.
John, and they had issue two daughters, Isabel, who married
Sir Giles Capel (buried at Abbots-Roothing in Essex, 1613),
and Joan to Sir Thomas Grifiin, of Braybrook, to whom
Court-de-Wyck ultimately descended.

"His will was proved •20th April, 1487 ; for his burial in Yatton Church,
£6 8s. 8d., this good man also directed twenty shillings to be paid to his tailor
in Bristol, and the document ends thus — ' In witness of this my effectual and
last loill, I have hereto put my seale in this church of our Lady of Yatton.'

His widow, Isabel, died in 1498, she made her will, 14th March, 1498-9,
and ordered her executors, ' to find a well disposed priest to sing for my soul
luithin the Church of Yatton, and the new Chapel of St. John, during the space
of five year's. ' She also bequeathed six shillings and eight pence in money, 'for
the poor prisoners of Newgate in the toiun of Bristowe.' " (Som. Arch, and Nat.
History Society's Proceedings, vol. xxvii).

They were both buried under a splendid tomb in this new
Chapel or Chantry of St. John the Evangelist, which is
situate in the angle between the north transept and the
chancel. It is on the north side, or Founders place, of the
Chantry altar, and consists of a fine canopy flanked by but-
tresses richly pinnacled, and with niches. Across the top a
string-course studded with square four-leaved ornament, and
above a trefoil pierced cresting. Below are ten large niches
with rich canopies, in one the lower portion of the figure



60 Papers, |fc.

remains. These are succeeded by another string-course with
four-leaved ornament, below which a pierced and cusped
canopy of open work enriched with leaf-work and bosses.

At the back of the canopy over the effigies is a remarkable
sculpture of the Annunciation. The Virgin crowned, sits on
a cushion before a lily, rising from a vessel with a handle, and
above the lily flowers, from clouds, issues a beam of light
ending in a dove streaming toward the Virgin, and behind
her is a book-stand with a book on it. She has her hands
raised and extended, as if surprised at her devotions by the
angel on tlie other side of the lily, who, advancing toAvards
her, holds a long scroll (emblematic of the angelic salutation)
which surrounds the stem of the lily, and floats back over the
head of the angel, who wears a cap with a band round the
brow studded with roses, and in front rises a Maltese cross.

The knight is bare-headed, but otherwise in complete plate
armour, he wears the collar of S.S., and his head rests on a
helmet with the crest of Newton. The lady wears a pyramidal
head-dress with flowing front lappets, and has a band or
collar of rich jewellery round the neck.

Thomas Newton, second son of the Judge was of East
Harptree. The manor of East Harptree belonged to a family
of that name, the last of whom William Harptree had a
daughter and heiress Ellen, who married Robert Gourney, the
son of Sir Anselm Gourney, whose descendants " lived at the
noble Richmonte Castle at Harptree, now in ruins." His
great-grandson. Sir Thomas Gourney, was the father of the
redoubtable Sir Matthew (of Stoke-sub-Hamdon) and three
other sons, who all died without issue, and a daughter Joan,
married to Philip Caldicott, whose daughter Alice, married
Philip, the son of Richard Hampton and Elizabeth Bitton.
Their grand-daughter Lucy, ob. 1504, married Thomas Newton,
who thus succeeded to the manor.

Thomas Newton and Lucy Hampton had a son Thomas,
who married Joan, 'daughter and heiress of Sir John Barr, of



Tlie Brook Family. 61

Barr's Court, Bitton, Gloncester, temp. Edw. IV. Their son
Thomas married Margaret, daughter of Sir Edmond Gorges,
of Wraxall, and their son Sir John married Margaret,
daughter of Sir Anthony Pointz, of Iron- Acton, Gloucester,
by whom lie had twenty children, eight sons, and twelve
daughters, one of whom was Elizabeth, who became the second
wife of William Brook, fifth Lord Cobham.

Sir John Newton, who died in 1568, is buried in East
Harptree Church, AA'here there is a fine monument, on wdiich
is his effigy in the costume of the period, and below him kneel
his twenty children ; at the back of the canopy is this inscrip-
tion : —

Here Lieth ye Body of IS"^ John Newton, who Married Mar-
garet, Daughter of S^' Anthony Pointz, Knight, By Whovie
he Had Issue Eigld Sons, and Tivelve Daughters, and
Departed this Life the 10^^^ April, 1568.

In Assured Hope of a Joyfull Resurrection.
What merit Honour brings and all World^s Pride,
When fatall stroke Rents thread of Mortal wight ;
If Sacred Vertue Have not been the Guide
That managd all with Gifts of matchless might ?
Which ivell hee hieio that Here interred is.
Whose Vertues rare Proclaime his endless Bliss.

And on the end of the tomb : — -

Katharina Neicton, Nuper Vxor Henrici Newton Extrnit Hoc
Tumulum An Do\ 1605.

This w^as Katherine Paston, daughter of Sir Thomas Paston
of Norfolk, and wife of Sir Henry Newton, ob. 1599, eldest
son and heir of Sir John.

Over the monument is a shield with twenty quarterings, in-
teresting as illustrating the descent of Newton (including
Chedder, although presumably not descending from them)
and alliance with Pointz : 1, Newton ; 2, Sherborne ; 3, Pen-
nington ; 4, Perrot ; 5, Norris ; 6, Chedder ; 7, Hampton ;



62



Papers, Sfc.



8, Bitton ; 9, Furneaux ; 10, Behrepn three leaves, on a cheiiroii
an eaq/ef displr/t/ed ; 11, Gourney ; 12, Harptree, impaling
1, Pointz ; 2, Bardolf ; 3, Three escallops ; 4, Acton ; 5, Clam-
bow ; 6, Berkeley ; 7, Fitz-Nicholl ; 8, Per fess, and a canton
sinister. Above is the crest of Newton, a King of the Moors,
clad in mail, and crowned or, hneelim/ and delivering up his
sword, allusive to an exploit of their maternal ancestor, Sir
Anselm Gourney, at the "winning of Accom," temp. Rich. I.




ON THE MONUMENT AT EAST HARPTREE.



Succeeding Sir Henry was Sir Theodore, ob. 1608, who
married Penelope, daughter of Sir John Rodney, of Rodney-
Stoke, who was succeeded by his son, Sir John, the last of
the Newtons of Barr's Court, who married Grace Stone, was
created a Baronet, 16th August, 1660, died sine prole, and
Avas buried in Bristol Cathedral.



The Br


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