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statutes Ireland. Laws.

Ancient laws of Ireland .. online

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"— tiat|\ ivo bo c6if e6 a cTDhaifi; no, tmi^ a cinel; no, a|ia Jaif-

"Oligt* fae|ibiarhcr6 t ruait octif a ben : ocuf fcmifeifc fx>cait

ocuf colfroach ma eneclonn, "Dia ai|\, xwa atnmeo.



11a nai ngp.a'oa •oei'oinach fo ni ceccaiT; T)liseT) T>ia nib|\ec a
naifiectif, naT>am|\at), na wp-e fainfiuchach, mana nafca fealb,
no ^aef no fochfvaice. lit caemtUeza T)ifie di chedua, na t)i chifi,
na •Doch|\aic na hanpolca, tiai|\ nauac inDfiaice natma na
Xioithey na bainixe, na naill, napa7)naife. •

Paf jxttgioe .1. ^|x fvo qveca a -o^tf, ocuf a pefvann, ocuf a
felb, ocuf na cechra ipo cuatch co lei|i na cleite, ocuf co
pfieifce cnile caich ; ocuf nicac -oilef T>oDcotf |Tfw ^alafi no
piaepait) ; ocuf if \xiy -ono, cia poige, mana ^orxx, no mana
cfieca a enech ai|ie ani[ail]. if fof -do "Dno, a faichce fjxia
5ala|\ ocuf a ftepai* mana cabfia nee ni v6 ap, T)ia. If faf
■ono, a faifie, ocuf a "oiiie, ocuf a eneclann.

bo ^elcach f aichce .i. pep. meice coimf e na ceic cap, Cfiic, nad
•00 aiplifig pi$, ace bit> ma men-oau fODeifin, ap, im^aib
comlonn aenpip o po bi cona gaif ce-o paip ; cona 'odim cdm cm
pe'oam "oo nmgapap. bo ^elcach .i. pep, pogelca a bu a
paichce ap each nach "Deif ecap com allra ime ; concroff main
mfem. 11i 'olig "oipe nafaipe, ap if ^nim meie no mna "00 ^nf.



CCiche6 baiq^e ,1. y^xi na fdepa "oan na cpeba^; ni pnileD
pe -oaim m \:exi pm ma puil ; ^nimiu lafch laip . t1i c^ic a
pairh, nai nainpe ppi plait na eclaip, ap if gae ^peine do
^aipcep.

Oinmic;pepmicepim'Dpoc1i mnai eo [no ona] n-oencop meafi
ocuf ponaclicai'-De .i. popgenig. Ill vhs x>ipe in pep pm.

TniT)lacb .1. miliai5 .i. mi"6cllach .i. pep na p,a gaib pealb na



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SEQUEL TO CRITH GABHLACH. 353

A henchman (' seirthuid '), i.a a soldier of a good race, or a Skqusl to
hoaseholding man, or the son of a leader, i.e. he is the ^^^^-J^^^^qabulaci
to the hip of a leader when going to a meeting, or to a ' dun '-fort ; — -
or because his father had been a leader ; or, good is his famUy ;
or for his talents. He is entitled to fi'ee feeding in the temtory,
and 80 18 his wife ; and a ' samseisc focail ' . . . , and a
co//o(7ac^heifer are due for satirizing him, for abusing him.

The^e last nine grades do not possess the right to be taken to
assemblies, nor companies at refections^ nor to particular *dire'-fine
if they do not possess a holding, or talents, or followers (a daiC),
They do not get * dire '-fine on account of stock, nor of land, nor
for oppression, or misdeeds, because they are not worthy to enter
into bonds or security, or to give pledges, or oath, or evidence.

A man who has lost his patrimony, Le. a man who h^iB sold his
)>atrimony,and his land, and his stock, and who does not possess any-
thing throughout the territory, visibly or invisibly, and the supply
of whose stores is chaff; and he is not entitled to be advised in
sickness or in cure ; and his meals even are empty unless he steals,
or unless he sells his honor in the same way ; his green is empty
to him too, as regards disease, and curing of ccUtle unless a per-
son gives him something for Gk>d's sake. His freedom too is
empty, and his ' dire '-fine, and his honor-price.^

A cow-grazier of a green, Le. a man of small means wlio does
not go beyond the boundary, nor to the enclosure of a king, but
who remains in his own dwelling, because he has shunned a combat
with a single man when he had* his arms on him ; so it is gentle ■ Jr. Was
oxen that do not** labour he herds : or, according to others, a * cow- "^**
gi'azier/ i.e. a man who grazes his cows upon a green on every ^^^
pi*operty, between .wolves all round him ; and this is his wealth,
lie is not entitled to ' dire '-fine nor to freedom, because it is the
deed of a child or a woman lie performs. ,

A * baitse '-tenant, i.e. a man who is not fi-ced by profession or
residence; that man does not belong to*a company, who has not the • Ir. Tn net
deeds of a champion in him. He does not go security, nor is he a
]>lcdge with a chief or a church, because it is a sunbeam he is called*

An * oinmit '-person ; a man who is matched with a bad wife by
whom or from whom he is rendered deranged and unsteady, Le.
* starting.* That man is not entitled to * dire '-fina

A ' miclhlach '-person,^ i.e. not fame<l in battle, (* mi-li-aigh,') ie.

1 His honor price — ^His rights are lost, that is, be has lost his municipal rights.

*A ^ midUack'-person. — The term * midhlach * occurs in Cormac's Glossary

(etlited for the Arcbwological Society, by Whitley Stokes, 18G8), and is translated,

' an effeminate person not fit for war, a coward (p. 1 1I>), and * an imbecile,* (p. 130),

VOL, IV. 2 A

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354 Cixirh ^alilafc.

fiKQUFx TO hojxba na qfiebcro.na rfiebtaip, 'oo. Wo fYimlach .i« nie6oii
GiSwuACH.®^^^ mpTi, afi iT)tii if mellach o Deilb octif citiial, conaTwcmna
— ^ cime'oa infin ca|v cenx) xruaite*



. Hetrnm Tmo .1. piJi|ifeoti\, tto 'D|iiirb. Had pefi "00 beip, fiem-
maD fo co|ip ocijf a enech, nt -olig 'oifxe umxi ceic afa jxidc aft
b^ltiib f ItiaJ ocuf fochaii5e*

Riafcoifie .i. loingfech infin a|v imgaib a cheTiel octif a fine
CO lich cam octif jxeccge ; octif hvt o |\iafc -oo fwafc, x\6 o fteib
[•DO fletb]. Mo fwafcaifie .1. luxchmaige "oaeix -do flaidi octif
edaif. Ml 'oliginn •oif.e.

8int>ach bpx)chlai§e .1. bfiuoji cad bi* -do, itifi xwlif octif
m'olif ; no cuma laif cit be-oh bp^tiitef no -do meala.

-Seaachc afa wi-oichajx 'ouine, qxuch, ocuf cenel, ci|i, octif
q[ieba6, -odn ocuf in-obtif octif innp,tictif .

TTlia^lecca ecna qria, ic ecfamla f|xi mio^lecca ctiaite ; 0|x
If ctiniat fOfibaiT) ineclainn ^fia'd neclafoc, o axMxnnaD co
failmce-olaij.



CC fecaib, itno|xp,o, fOfvbe|\ac fene octif ptleT), ota ifel co
btiafal. Imtifffiecfiau iniofifio, a fojvcach octif a n-otrhech ;
efpuc octif fii btintiit cad cinn, ocuf ollam filiT), facafir octif
fat, "ono ; octif feyi mfobo* octif foclad.

Seehr ngivafd ecna -ono, -do ctitpn .1. fiofaf ocuf fati5 ; anyiut
octif ffvtit "DO aill, ocuf ftip.fatnci'D, octif ffieifnenftit octif
fealmac.

Rofai -ono, cfii hanmanna cecraf .1. fiofai, octif oUaih, octif
fai liqfie. Ollati) ma ftii Je a cig niix)chtiafica ap. ife bif a ci§
ffii |xi$ mfin. Uofai "ono, ni tiyicoim'oen'd ni a ceuheofta
lianDaib f ait>e ; a T)ifie. Cechyiafi a]\ .ocx. a T)aTn, Uif, mcco
eifice a baif ina coichne'6.



8ai liqfie; ara cfienoe conuratb laif cont'd coTnT>i|ie f[il p.



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SEQUEL TO CRITH GABHLACH. 855

not possessed of cattle (* midh-ellach ') i.e. a man who does not hold Sbqukl to
stock, nor inheritance in land, who does not plough, for whom Qj^3^J]][J.„,
ploughing is not performed. Or, a * midhlach '-person, i.e. he is of —
middling composition in this case, because that he is middling of
face and of race, so that he is the material of a victim to he given
on account of a territory.

A clown, now, i.e. a mountebank, or a buffoon. Every man ^
who brings distortion upon his body and his face is not entitled to
' dire '-fine^ because he goes out of his own shape before hosts and
crowds.

A marsh-man, i.e. this is a robber whom his race and his family
shun, a violator of ' cain'-law and of law; and who goes from marsh
to marsh, and from mountain to mountain, ' Or a * riascaire '-man,
Le. a * rath '-builder who is enslaved to a chief and a church. He is
not entitled to * dire '-fine.

A crumb-fox, ie. he gets the crumbs {or fragments) of all food^
natural and unnatural ; or whatever he cranches or eats is his.

TTi^ere are seven things out of which a person is estimated — form,*
and race, land, and tillage, profession, and property, and worthiness.

The distinctions (or titles) of wisdom (literary professions), now,
are different from the titles of the laity; because it is a
'cumhal' of increase of honor-price that each grade of the
church takes, from the lighter of the candles, <tc., up to the.
psalmsinger.

It is by ' seds,' however, the increase of the * f6ne '-grades and the
poets progress, from low to high. Their proof and their denial, too,
correspond : a bishop and a king the origin of all chiefs, and an
* oUamh '-poet, a priest, and a professor however, and a 'mbidbadh '-
man, and a ' fochlach '-person.

The seven degrees (or gi*ades) of wisdom as settled are, i.e. a great
professor and a professor ; a noble stream, and a stream from a
cliff, and an illustrator, and an interrogator, and a pupil. .

As to SL great professor, now, three names he possesses — a great
professor and an * ollamh ' (chief doctor) ; and a professor of written
liistory.* The * ollamh ' sits in the banquetting house, because it is » Ir. Of (he
he that resides in his house with a king on that occasion. A great ^^^^'
professor does not fail in any question in the four departments of
knowledge;.. . . his ' dire '-fine . . . Four and twenty are his
company. A seventh part of the * eric '-fine for his death is paid
for denying him food.* - ^ Tr. Fatt^

A professor of written history J — Tliere are three things which ■**^*

VOL. IV. 2 A 2



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356 Cixidi ^Hxic.

$ff<rt rL TO |iitf|t€cti. bxfi -D0 1 imdir ociff i tofi a 'oecepot oc fo^mnk 006.
— - Of neola ma penncac ocuf ma Dlisn>.



CCntiurtiy wio ; aji cccbaji-Da aftie|\a|i .1. a|\ oine a pofwsroail ;
Ofi ftaft a cez\xcta ; Oji fulbuifve a mnpce ; aft mei> a cottiif ;
aji afiecofi m cat (vamn, tri j\ pli-oecc, ocof lei5mn, ocuf com^ne ;
ate na fvotpi co clette nania. Dd pep, jc. a ikiinh.



8ai .1. fCji |»|vcaiii cerhjianiat fuxmi> fuiche feicibi T)ib, nc
ceiiiif aeld^ : **6ai caem canome, coiii'6 laixmaip an niaicb.
06ca|\ a tin ; mi. cumala a 'Difve."

Sfvtich vo ailt# Ife a beffai^e, baroi'D cac mbec nerfimm
namific ; vo f 6xla aiUe, conoifce 5ne cpaga la c€f fine. Imta
f amlai'6 m f e]\ f aniailc€]\ puf ; baiii^ T>fioc lei^niu-da fo^ica-
ti[vaiT>f 1 CO nailchib refremna ocuf ce'Ofai'Di ; ocuf if rualams
a foficcral conoifce gne naipieipn, co n-Dilgu'o im an aef
mbecleijinx) inT)liStie6c qxai^ic 1 f|\ecnapcuf anfiocha;



pufif ainT)[ri*] -ono, f oficuipm a aicre 1 cetU ollomon. Teofia
let 6un»al a Diyie ; acuf ce'Ofai'b each nu)\coiniT>e'6 tta^a]x>ni afi
i*6na a nicp\aijte, ocuf a|i afne a inDcliucra.

Pp^ifnei*iT) .1. ffiiconia|\c -oia aire 1 ceiU a oUoman. Cumal
a "Diixe octif ce'Dfai* each nti]\coini'De'6 uo^afom -do neoch bef
anT)fom "oo.

pealniac .1. futlmac inic lafi leijin-o a falni. Lee cumal a
•Diiic.

ConiT) inanT) imuf jpfiecc^aor ^fiata ecna ocuf eclafa f^ti 5]\ai5a
pie ocuf fene ; adc if ccna marhaifi cacha T)ana -oib, conix)
af a baif vale hebaic.

6echc nsixrcfD pie .1. 6cef , anpxtiu, cli, cana. T)Of, ntac fui|\n)i^
fochlocc.



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SEQUEL TO CRITH GABRLACH. 357

elevate him till ho is of equal ' dire '-fine with a king of tenitones. Sequel to
To be in the bosom and in the midst of his disciples, learning from q^"™^„,
him. This is the man to whom his 'dire '-fine is not restored —
should he teach (or speak) silliness, because he is well versed in
his penance and in his lawful rights.

A noble sti'eam now ; for four reasons he is so called, Le. for
the nobleness of his teaching ; for the number of his intellectual
qualities ; for the eloquence ot his language ; for the greatness of
his knowledge ; because he comix^ses in every department, both
poetry, and literature and synchronism ; but he does not reach
to the top (of scholarship) only. Twelve njen are his com-
pany.

A professor, i.e. a man who professes a fourth part of the
scientific course, whichever of them it may be, as Cennfaeladh
did: "A comely professor of the canon, with his noble, good
wealth. Eight are his company ; seven aim/ials his * rftVe'-fine."

A sti'eam from a cliff. — The practice of that stream is^ it
drowns every little, light, weak thing ; it 9aiTies off loose rocks,
BO that they acquire the appearance of the strand by reason of the
heat of the weather. The same doth the man who is likened unto
it; he drowns bad scholars whom he confounds with rocks of testa*
ment {evidence) and intellect ; and he is able to modify his instruc-
tions to the complexion of simple information, in mercy to the
people of little learning (below the average), who ebb in the
presence of a noble stream.

An illustrator now : He answers his tutor with the sense of
an 'ollamli.' Three half 'cumhals cure his 'dire '-fine; and he
gives the sense of every difficulty on accoimt of the clearness of
his judgment, and the nobleness of his* intellect.

An interrogator, i.e. he inten*ogates his tutor with the sense of
an ' ollamh.' A ' cumhal ' is his ' dire '-fine, and he {the tutor)
gives him the sense of everything which is difficult to bim.

A pupil, i.e. a ' fuilmac '-pupil, a ,boy after reading his psalms.
Half a ' cumhal ' is his ' dire '-fine.

And so it Ls alike the degrees of wisdom and of the church cor-
respond with the degrees (or grades) of the poets, and the * feine ; *
but wisdom is the mother of each profession of them, and it is
of her hand they all drink.

Tliese are the seven degiees of the poets, i.e. the * eces '-poet, the
ansi-uth '-poet, the * cli '-poet, the ' cana '-poet, the ' dos '-poet, the
macfuirnddh 'poet, and the ' fochlocc '-poet.



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358 C|xich ^ablat-

Brqukl to Ocef .1. eqrmatecef .1. ■oona bi cef na haincef t>o ^fco*
Gi^HLACH.^^^' no ni pail til btif cef v6 ma -Don, concrd en6 a ainm
— nemcef , no eqpmacccef •



pie .1. palfai .1. fa^ nocb ; a|\ a [nf if] feal laifin pli* if feif
no foificecal ifin n^nochb^iila ; cona "oe crco fealmac, ocuf
feaHftib, ocuf fill, octif filii^ect, "Mo pli .n fC ocaf U .1. fi o
omna faifi, octif If a 'D6na.



OUam .1. oil -DO etm .1. fojvcain cecofia jionna [ocaf fobiuh if
lia btf ] ; fofi a •olcenfom ol'oaite na ^ficcba olcena- Wo oUccm .1.
C. 2070. oil a 'odm, cechixap, ap. .xx- CC|v occair c^ii hoUamuin onx) -i.
oUctm gaifi, fai ca^ eolaif una fuijlichefi, fjvifconiap^haft ni
f|iecnai|xc; ni befiaf. aincef aoo 1 mbfiecbatb aichjie ocuf
fenarcbp,e. Mo, oUam .1. mile in Un bif fO|i a "olnfoni olooci
na 5|xa6a olcena. II o, ollam afit> imofiiio, naifci ni nafcafu
CaiDiffoe? tlin. — CCniail fii connacr; amail af mbefiaf,; II1
boUam nafiT) caicet naililla mic moca mofia. Ho oUom .1.
oil -DO efm .1. cafc aen bif cinuaifli fif na n^fia*. OUom eicfi
7)110, foftcan cecbeo|iaf.anna plitecca cin anfif ninninu'ob.



CCnp,ucb .1. ai\'onaifCi'6, ni nafca^x faifx, ainail fio ^ab ^45
efienn.

CCnfiauh .1. ffiacb catn molca aa*, ocuf ffiticb int)baif -do.

Cli .1. ife a b€f na cleirbc, if ryi^n ocuf if 'offiecjocaf con^aib
oc«f con^aibtefi, •otetm ocaf •oiemafi ; a-ocamain^ o cleitna co
lap,. If anilaiT) in 'SV-a-o ifi a rea§aif na pli-bedra .1. if qfien
a cep.T), ocaf if •oifie^ a mef a caaijic a -oona ; con^aib a feib "oi
em bef ifle, vo neod orcaniams a "oan o anfiarb co focloc.



"Oof .1. fo cofmailif feioa |xo hainmnijcb .1. of vfu anmain

^ Witk<mt iffHoranee inthem, — TIic Irish oC this paragraph appears to be luispUccd
ip the MS., where it follows the first paragraph explanatory of 'aoruth.*



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SEQUEL TO CRITH GABIILACH. 359

The * eces *-i)oet, Le. not meeting with difficulties, (* ecsmacht-ces'), Sequbl to .
i.e. one to whom there is not difficulty nor impossibility such as Q^g^'la^

to arrest him; or there is nothing which can be difficult to him in

hia profession, so that his name is non-difficult ('nemces'), or
. who meets no difficulty (* ecsmachtces').

A ' file '-poet, i.e. * fialshai,' knowledge (' fial ') pixKeeds (' sai ') -
from him; for that which is 'feal'with the 'file '-poet is
knowledge, or instruction in the common language; and it is
hence come a pupil (' fealmac '), a philosopher (fealsub), and poet
(• fili '), and poetry (' fiUdecht'). Or ' fili,' i.e. ' fi ' and ' li,' i.e. the
venom (< fi ' of his satire, and the lustre (' li ') of his art

* OUamh '-poet, ie. much does he protect ; i.e. he teaches the
four departments of {poetry , &c.) {JUidecht'); and because the
number is greater which is wont to be upon his protection than
upon that of all the grades besides. Or, ' oUamh,' i.e. great (' oil ')
his company, (' damh, ') four and twenty. For there are three
' ollamhs ' in existence, i.e. an ' ollamh ' of wisdom, a professor of
eveiy kiTid of knowledge for which he is appealed to ; what he
is asked for, he refuses not ; no difficulty is canied away from him
unresolved in the judgments of fathers and grandfathers. Or,
* ollamh,' ie. more numerous is the number that are wont to be upon
his protection than the other gi-ades. Or, a high * ollamh/ he
binds, he is not bound. How is that 1 Answer — Like the King of
Connacht, as it is said : " He is not the high * ollamh ' of the pro-
vince of Ailill, the son of Mata Mor." Or, * ollamh,' Le. much
does he protect, Le. every one who is without nobility in the
knowledge of the grades. The 'ollamh' in poetry teaches the four
departments of poetry without ignorance in them.

* Anruth '-poet, Le. because he binds, he is not bound in the
same way as the King of Ireland.

The noble stream, Le. a stream of pleasing praise issuing from
him, and a stream of wealth to him.

The * cli '-poet, Le. the nature of the post (' cleith ') is, itisstrongand
straight, and it elevates and is elevated, it protects and is protected;
it is powerful from the ridge to the floor. It is the same with this
grade in the poetic house, 'i.e. his art is powerful, and his
judgment is straight in the circuit of his profc^ion ; he elevates
his dignity above those who are below him,- because his art '
embraces all from a noble stream to a ' fochlaoch person.'

The 'dos'-poet, Le. from similitude to a tree he has been



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360 Cjiich ^aBlac.

Sequel to ferta |X)f.oiJlenac a nT)an. Itnrha f ainlotT) if a hcmmaiTn iperoa
GABULAcn ^^^r ^ cofmailef |io hainiiini*e& "oof ; ap, if ann if T)Of in qiatin
— =■ T)ia btioDam, bciif ic cecbeofia T)uille bic.fai|\. Cech|\o|i, •ono,
T>am in "Dtiif .

TTlac fuip.mi'D .1. mac ftiif\mithe|x fie -oan of mac .1. if mac va
a 'Don .1. nl mait f 05fiaiT)6T)ai\ fon, ace ayi mac ai]"ibi if mairh ne.

Pochloc .1. fo cofmaitittf pochlocain co nT)ib 'omllib. "Oif
•ono, DOfom. tlo fochlac .1 focli feca .1. cen fO|\boifC fop, a
T>an. "Mo, cael a "oan a|i oi^e.



bayvD, 'ono, cin -DliseT) fe^luime ace in-orleachc fODeifin.

Peafi ceaTiT>a, imopfio, tan tetfiv lafi]i'6e.

Caince, feayv ayva jiofofi a biax) en . • . ainm ai|\e.

Cefc-T— In fop^con^apafi ctifiacfieic molea no aipe ?

TTlat) lap. n'otigiT) na e|\eibe -oeota, ni fOficongaiji ace mola'6
•oe nama, ocuf iy nem a loj. fTlaD lafi n'oli^e na ep,eibi 'Domont)a
imo|VYio, foticongatiap. ne <8almon quo moTK) comp]\obaeop.
ayvgen'oum in conflacona, ee in pupnoce aif|\um» fic homo opa
latit>aneif.

Conmitiehep. a]\m coip, comobuif cac -ouine T)ein •Dligehi'oe, icip,
mac cletp^ch f ceo laech, icip feap ocuf mnai ; e^xef lifen each
mac cleipij, no caembachall f^xi hti|ifclaite ua"6; oicael
co'ooe ixoDCT) T)o each mnai ; ta gaei im echluifc naip^iga each
laich ma laim ; eaball lopg -do filetaib, lap copuf a spai-oh ;
ap, ife-D a comataf coi|i conmititap, ap.m in'DjDop.b -ooib.



Ro mi'dapehap. mopan-o pep, f ae|i, co cuimnib ; cumal ceaceaft
a -oa f ul, ap. cpuch, ocuf Deicf in cuinehach ; cumal beil a\\
blaifeche ocuf labpax) ; cumul eengaT), eacheai-o, •oona labpa-o
leicehep ; cumal efpona ap, bieh cluaif ocuf bollcnuguit) ; t>a
cumailcluaif ap, 6ifceche, ocuf imcoimce; cumul bpai^ee a\\



! A good * tnuo-airbCf* tid. Connac'« Glossary guJb voce.



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SEQUEL TO CRITll GABHLACH. 361

named, i.e. it is through (under) tlie name of a tree they learn Sequel to

their art. In like manner it is from the name and the similitude „ Crith

. , . Gabhi,ai:ii
of a tree a * dos -poet^has been named ; because the time that a

tree is a ' dos ' is after a year of growth, and it is four leaves that

are on it. Four now, are the company of the * dos '-poet.

The ' mac-fuirmidh '-poet, i.e. a boy who is set to learn an art •
from his boyhood, La his art is his son, Le. it is not well he has
graduated, but he becomes a good * mac-airbe."

The ' focldoc '-poet, Le. he is named in similitude of a sprig of
brooklime (* fochlachan ') with two leaves. Two persons, therefore,
are allowed for him as company ; or * fochloch,' Le. a hard sub-tree
(* fochli seca *), Le. without increase (or expansion) of his ai-t. Or,
his art is slender because of his youth.

A bard, now, is one without lawful learning but his own intellect

A man of art, now, he w one wlio has full art

A satii-ist is a man who is deprived of his refections' . . the
name of a satire.

Question. — Is payment for praise, or satire commanded in tlte
laws?

If accoi*ding to the law of the divine house, there is no command
but for the pi-aise of God alone, and heaven is its price. If
according to the law of the worldly house, however, it is com-
manded, ut Salmon quo modo comprobator argendum in confla-
tona, et in furnace aurum, sic homo ora laudantis.

A proper, becoming weapon is estimated for every true, lawful
person, both cleiics and laity, both man and woman : a three-
angled stave to every cleric, or a handsome cixx)ked staff for the
purpose of defence, &c. ; a slender, smooth distaff for every woman ;
two spears with the horse switch t>f a chariot-driver for every
layman in his hand ; a tubletrstave for poets according to the
propriety of their order ; because it is their becoming propriety
that estimates an uncertain weapon for them.

Morann has estimated a free man, for remembrance' ; a ' cum-
hal' for each of his two eyes, for beauty, and seeing, and
ornament ; a * cumhal ' for the mouth, for taste, and for speaking;
a *cnmhar for choking the tongue by which it is not permitted
to speak ; a 'cumhal' for the nose because of hearing and smeUing ;
two * cumhals ' for the ear, for hearing and guarding ; a * cumhal '
for the neck, for laughing and for voice; two 'cumhals ' for the

•HU re/ec<ib7w.— The MS. is defective here.
» For retncmbrancc^ThtLi Ig as » mnemone.



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362 Ciwch ^ablai.

Sequel TO fmttirh giich ; va ctinitiil -of ^dic ap, Itich octif nijic; T)a
Gabh™ch-^^^"^®^^ '^^ ^^^ "t^ tiTV^abail ocuf |X>5iit]ni; thx chumoit i>f

chof ap, |X)fiinT:eachc octif tX)laD ; ctinjjxl b|xom) a|i rhtichr;

C. 207a octif fX)|vbaific. [51*0 fen ceyvobi afenonb neiffrDeirin 'oltsfD ctfi^
Cjiafca.]

Cia neithecn) af Tiaiflfe pi 1 calmatn ? Meime* nedafa. Cia
. neimecro if tiaif Im fil a tieclaif ? Ileimet ticafptiic,

Ife efptic af uoifliti 'Dibfi'6e eafbuc ecafla [ecatfa] peocaitt,
afirif fomdfn biueflaiue fioihdn ; octif tii bi foe moafnneich naT>
bi oige wo airhinge, no lanamnufa •oliguig; cona6 •DOftn^m
liofatJ.uH. ctinial each ^ftait -Dong .uff. Ti5|vxi6aib filic paifi,
ma belt ejxic -do ici|i, munabe eyiic, baf 'Dtiine iiro.



Cm hai|itii icaitifin ? CCca ifin rfxachroiD t>o f-igne aiigtiifcin
T)o Jfiobaib eclaf a, ocuf vm n-oitiib, octjf T>ia roichtieo^aib, ocuf
a tiof eclaf a pecaifi, ocuf iinpifi m beouha uile.

CCca q[w cinafo fo pich -otjine •!. cin af Itija ol-oaf fODetfin,
fcaiTft -Dia iTiDile, an af cuqfiuma ffiif , t»ii; fooeipn inT), cin
af in6 indf, a bdf inT), la heftfc o chiniaT).

Ocaf a neifxinT), cia 'oitio af uaif le fil inT)e ?

Difie efpuic oije cona Ian f olcaib amail t>l6a5ap, vo.

Caice fiach ^ona efpaic oige ?

Win. T411 0011*6 a cfiocha caca laime no-ogom ; if let pach
a gona ma ^fgtiin.

Cach 'Diiine afii-oppT; hep, ocuf nachiT) nanaij each ni]\c
each folafit] ocuf co nimteic bitbata, .uin cumala each ae.



Cel^U'd fola "do; ma p.i calmain na fola inin-DpiJ, cp-o^o* m
bi-DbaD in-D ; no ic .tiff, cumala inp. a p olaeh ocuf a 4p,ic.

TTlaD tna aije, appenap, conileter a aigche "oo ap-^ar, oc«f a

* Dtedt Every one who stands by and who protects him not with all his

strength and with all his might, the Aggressor escapes, pays seven ' cumbala.*



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SEQUEL TO CBITH GABULACH. 363

fist (or wrist), for suppleness and for strength ; two ' cumhals ' Sequrl to
for the hand for catching and for working; two * cumhals* for^ Cbith

the leg, for walking and supporting ; a ' cumhal * for the belly,

for grace and swelling. As to this, however, though it was enacted,
in the olden they are unrecognised by law at the present time.



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